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Conditionals
1.
Rules for using the conditional
a. Attach to the condition followed by the result that would
occur should the condition be satisfied
= [Condition] + + [Result]
b. State-of-being must be made explicit
= [State-of-being] + + [Result]

Meaning
If A happens, B will happen as a natural consequence. It is the
natural consequence conditional.

Examples

If you drop the ball, it will fall.

If you turn off the lights, it will get dark.

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2.
Rules for using the contextual conditional
a. Attach to the context in which the conditional would
occur
= [Assumed Context] + + [Result]
b. You must not attach the declarative .

Meaning
You can use this particle to express what will happen given a
certain context or explaining what would occur if you assume a
certain condition is satisfied. It is the contextual conditional.

Examples

If given that everybody is going, then I'll go too.

If given that Alice-san says so, there's no problem.

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3.
Conjugation Rules for
a. For verbs: Change the last /u/ vowel sound to the equivalent
/e/ vowel sound and attach
Examples


b. For i-adjectives or negatives ending in : Drop the last
and attach .
Examples


c. For nouns and na-adjectives: Attach
Examples





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Meaning
It is a type of conditional that just expresses a regular "if"
condition without any assumptions or embedded meanings.

Examples

If I can meet with my friend, we will go shopping.

If I had money, it would be good, huh?

If it's fun, I'll go too.

If it's not fun, I'll also not go.

If you don't eat, you will become sick.




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4.
Conjugation Rule for
First change the noun, adjective, or verb to its past tense and
attach
Examples




Meaning
It is the past conditional because it is produced by taking the
past tense and just adding . Like the conditional,
it is also a general conditional.

Examples

If I am free, I will go play.

If you're a student, you can buy with a student discount.
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means "if" . If you want to say a conditional, you need
to use one of the conditionals discussed above. is
really a supplement to add a sense of uncertainty on whether
the condition is true. For instance, you might use it when you
want to make an invitation and you don't want to presume.

Examples

If, by any chance, it's ok with you, want to go watch a movie?

If given that there's no time, tomorrow is fine as well (not certain
whether there is no time).