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Tradition Persian

architectural element
WIND CATCHER-
VENTILATION&COOLING
The windcatcher can function in 2
ways: directing airflow downward
using direct wind entry, directing
airflow upwards using a wind-
assisted temperature gradient
It is essentially a tall, capped tower with one face
open at the top. This open side faces the
prevailing wind, thus "catching" it, and brings it
down the tower into the heart of the building to
maintain air flow, thus cooling the building interior.
It does not necessarily cool the air itself, but
rather relies on the rate of airflow to provide a
cooling effect.
Downward airflow due to direct wind entry
Upward airflow due to Wind-assisted temperature gradient
Windcatchers are also used in combination with a qanat, or underground
canal. In this method, the open side of the tower faces away from the
direction of the prevailing wind (the tower's orientation can be adjusted by
directional ports at the top). By keeping only this tower open, air is drawn
upwards using the Coandă effect.
The pressure differential on one side of the building causes air to be
drawn down into the passage on the other side. The hot air is brought
down into the qanat tunnel and is cooled by coming into contact with the
cool earth and cold water running through the qanat. The cooled air is
drawn up through the windcatcher, again by the Coandă effect. On the
whole, the cool air flows through the building, decreasing the structure's
overall temperature. The effect is magnified by the water vapour from the
qanat.
Visitor center at Zion
National Park, UTAH
WIND CATCHER-
VENTILATION&COOLING
The project is a “temporary”
Green Technology Showroom of
3-year use in Beijing.
CR Land Guanganmen
Green Technology
Showroom
WALL&ROOF-THERMAL
SHIELD
A vertical grass panel system and
green roof were applied onto the
building envelop
1. Reduce heat gain and loss
thus increase the thermal
efficiency.
2. The grass panels will reduce
storm water runoff.
3.Visual pleasure
19# Building in South
China University of
Technology
ROOF-HEAT INSULATION
Ventilation roof: a series of
consecutive arch cylinder on the
roof.
Traditional Cantonese house. A modern building in 1950s.
Ventilation roof: a series of consecutive
arch cylinder on the roof.
1.Less radiation heat. The
consecutive brick arches on the
roof avoid direct solar radiation at
noon.
2.The openings at the end of each
arch ensures ventilation inside the
cylinder, which take the
accumulated heat out.
Factory Office, South
Carolina
WINDOWS-SHADING
The tightly sealed, perfectly
shaded windows, with a relatively
small area of glass exposed, save
more than 10% in AC costs
compared with a conventionally
glazed office space.
The glass is so angled as to
receive no interior reflections,
even at night, and thus gives an
illusion of open space.
“ Cool Alley” , South China
PLAN-VENTILATION
Houses were built along the
predominant wind direction. The
comb structure of plan allows
wind to cross by each house,
bringing fresh air cooled by the
pond.
Predominant Wind Direction
Pond
Restoration Services
Centre, Toronto
FACADE-SHADING
The deep, south facing porch
shields the windows from hot
summer sun but allows the winter
sun, which is lower in the sky, into
the building.
Factory Office, South
Carolina
FACADE-SHADING
The horizontal sun shield
block high angle summer
sun but not low angle winter
sun.
Education Executive
Agency & Tax Offices,
Holland
FACADE-SHADING
The glass is so angled as to
receive no interior reflections,
even at night, and thus gives an
illusion of open space.
Traditionally, solar shading existed as fixed systems bracketed in place on
a building. Have a look at the video below, however, and you’ll see some of
the possibilities with dynamic, controllable systems that react to
environmental conditions:
Showroom Kiefer Technic
Abu Dhabi’s Masdar
Headquarters
The $22 billion project of the
Abu Dhabi Future Energy
Company (Masdar) – is
currently under construction.
It’s the First Positive-Energy
Building in the Middle East
CONE-VENTILATION
&COOLING
The design of Masdar HQ is
dominated by 11 cone-shaped
adaptations of traditional wind
towers which act as outlet wind
towers drawing hot air upwards
during the day. The optimized form
of these cones (also called wind
cones) uses stack ventilation as
well as the wind above the building
to create a negative pressure at
the top of the cones, which in turn
creates air movement in the interior
courtyard spaces at the base of the
cone and draws cooler air up
through the subterranean levels of
the city below. At night, the wind
cones reverse roles acting as inlet
wind towers drawing cool night air
downwards to cool the building
structure (Figure 3).
TECHNIQUE-
HEATING&COOLING
Ageothermal heat
pump (GSHP) is a central
heating and/or cooling system
that transfers heat to or from the
ground.
It uses the earth as a heat source
(in the winter) or a heat sink (in
the summer). This design takes
advantage of the moderate
temperatures in the ground to
boost efficiency and reduce the
operational costs of heating and
cooling systems.
How is it installed?
A tubing network are bedded
into slabs. Heated/Cooled
water flows inside our floor or
radiators to heat/cool our
room.