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(TENSES)

Simple Present
(+) S + V1
(-) S + dont/doesnt +
V1
Khusus dalam
kal.positif untuk
subjek He, She, dan
ItV1 nya ditambah
s/es
Present
Continuous
(+) S + to be + Vin
(am/is/a!e)
(-) S + to be + not +
Vin
(am/is/a!e)
Simple Past
(+) S + V"
(-) S + didnt + V1
Present Perfect
(+) S + ha#e/has + V$
(-) S + ha#e/has + not + V$
(belum)
- Setiap malam% pai%
so!e% minu% bln%
dst..
- Kadan-kadan%
biasanya% dst..
- Seka!an (tidak
pakai kata sedang)
&sedang'
(di (aktu seka!an)
- )adi% kema!in%
yan lalu% dulu%
dst..
telah/sudah..
(dalam konteks (aktu
seka!an)
1. * d!ink +o,ee e#e!y
niht.
* dont d!ink +o,ee
e#e!y niht.
2. -e li#es in .oja
no(.
-e doesnt li#e in
.oja no(.
1. * am eatin no(.
* am not eatin
no(.
2. /e a!e (o!kin
no(.
/e a!e not
(o!kin no(.
1. 0este!day he
phoned me.
0este!day he
didnt phone me.
2. 1ast niht they
su!!ende!ed.
1ast niht they
didnt su!!ende!.
1. * ha#e eaten.
* ha#e not eaten.
2. -e has had a house
no(.
-e has not had house
no(.
Present Future
(+) S + will + V1
(-) S + will not + V1
Present Perfect Continuous
(+) S + have/has + been + Ving
(-) S + have/has + not + been +
Ving
Past Perfect
(+) S + had + V3
(-) S + had not + V3
Past Continuous
(+) S + was/were + Ving
(-) S + was/were + not + Ving
akan..
- Telah/sudah - sedang
- Sudah terjadi/dilakukan dan
sampai sekarang masih
berlangsung
Telah / sudah..
(dalam konteks
waktu lampau)
Sedang..
(dalam konteks waktu
lampau)
1. ! will sleep here
tonight
2. ! will not sleep here
tonight
3. "e will leave me
4. "e will not leave
me
1. ! have been working #or 3
$ears
2. ! have not been working here
#or 3 $ears
3. "e has been stud$ing here
sin%e last $ear
4. "e has not been stud$ing here
sin%e last $ear
1. ! had #inished three
%hapters last week
2. ! had not #inished three
%hapters last week
3. &hen $ou %ame
$esterda$ ! had eaten
break#ast
4. &hen $ou %ame
$esterda$' ! had not
eaten break#ast
1. ! was working newspaper
when $ou phoned me
$esterda$
2. ! was not working when $ou
phoned me $esterda$
3. &e were stud$ing when the
a%%ident happened last
week
4. &e were not stud$ing when
the a%%ident happened last
week
Past Perfect Continuous
(+) S + had been + Ving
(-) S + had not been + Ving
Present Future Continuous
(+)S + will be + Ving
(-) S will not be + Ving
Present Future Perfect
S + will have + V3
(egunaan utaman$a sama dengan
present per#e%t %ontinuous' bedan$a
past perfect continuous konteks
waktun$a lampau
akan sedang..
akan telah..
1
1. ! had been working at )mikom
#or three months when $ou
o##ered me a job last $ear
2. ! had not been working at
)mikom #or three months when
$ou o##ered me a job last $ear
1. &e will be having a %lass' when
the #ootball mat%h starts
tomorrow
2. &e will not be having a %lass'
when the #ootball mat%h starts
tomorrow a#ternoon
1. *$ the end o# this week' he will
have #inished his proje%t
2. *$ the end o# this week' he will
not have #inished his proje%t
"
+esson 3
1. "ow man$ da$s do $ou go to the %ampus in a week,
2. )re $ou happ$ ever$ time $ou have a %lass,
3. )re $ou happ$ ever$ time the %
$