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# Code No: A7003

M. Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations September 2009
(Electronics and Communications)
Time: 3hours Max.Marks:60
All questions carry equal marks
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1.a) State and prove circular convolution property of DFT? In what way it is related to
Linear convolution?
b) Determine the output of a linear phase FIR filter whose impulse response h(n) =
{1,2,3} and input signal x(n) = {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9} using overlap-save method.

2.a) Determine the DFT of the given data sequence
X(n) = { 2,1,4,6,5,8,3,9} by DIFFFT.
b) Derive the algorithm and draw the N=8 flow graph for the DIT SRFFT algorithm,
compare the flow graph with the DIT radix-2 FFT flow graph.

3.a) Compare and contrast Butter worth and Chebyshev filters .
b) Show how to use a lattice structure to implement the following all-pass filter
0.5+0.2z -1 − 0.6 z −2 + z −3
H(Z)
1 − 0.6 z −1 + 0.2 z −2 + 0.5 z −3
4.a) Determine the impulse response of an FIR lattice filter with parameters K1=0.6,
K2=0.3, K3=0.5 and K4=0.9
b) Sketch the direct form and lattice form of all-zero and all-pole filters specified by
the K-parameters given in part a.

5.a) Explain about decimation and interpolation processes with an example.
b) Derive an expression for O/P of decimator in frequency domain.

6. A linear system in described by the difference equation
Y(n) = 0.8y(n-1)+x(n)+x(n-1)
Where x(n) is a wide sense stationary random process with zero mean and auto
correlation ℘ ⎛1⎞
| M|
xx ( m ) = ⎜ ⎟
⎝2⎠

a) Determine PSD of the O/P y(n).
b) Determine the autocorrelation ℘yy (m) of the output.
c) Determine the variance σ y2 of the output.
7.a) Determine the model parameters of ARMA process and give the relation between
autocorrelation and the model parameters.
b) Compute the power spectrum estimation using the Yule-Walker method.

8.a) Explain about finite word length effect in IIR filters.
b) The system in characterized by the difference equation y(n)= 0.75 y(n-1)+ 5x(n).
The input signal has a range ± 12V, represented by 8-bits. Determine
i) Quantization step size.
ii) Variance of the error signal
iii) Variance of the quantization noise at the output.
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