uottawa MAT1322 November 2004 Midterm

© All Rights Reserved

45 views

uottawa MAT1322 November 2004 Midterm

© All Rights Reserved

- Books for IIT
- (Mathematics Magazine 73 1)Walter Stromquist (Editor in Chief). 73-Mathematical Association of America(2000)
- An Elementary Course in the Integral Calculus
- eZdsp PV-MPPT Steepest Decent Control 2007-11 Consult
- Scheme Questions Gors
- ertete
- Odes
- Numerical Ode
- (20-21)-search method.pdf
- practica de matematica 1.docx
- UT Dallas Syllabus for math1326.501 05f taught by William Donnell (wxd022000)
- calculus a syllabus
- callinersyll
- sumanth 8
- 3 4 definite integrals
- applied numerical methods
- Digital Unit Plan Template 1.1.17
- Lau 1984
- 00 Session Plan
- simon-duffy-deleuze-and-the-history-of-mathematics-in-defense-of-the-new-1.pdf

You are on page 1of 10

Department of Mathematics Student number:

email: novruzi@uottawa.ca

tel: (613) 562 5800 x 3530

MIDTERM 2 (time 80 min)

Notes

1) No books or any other document are allowed

2) A simple calculator with no programming and graphical capabilities can be used

3) Solve each problem using the space following it; if more space is needed use the back of any page or

additional white pages after Problem 7 and indicate when doing so

4) Students may not enter after or leave before 20 minutes from beginning of the midterm

5) Students must present their student cards if asked

6) Any question concerning marks or marking must be submitted to the professor within one week after

the midterms have been returned

Problem Points You

1 5

2 4

3 6

4 5

5 5

6 5

Total 30

Problem 1 (7.2/11 14)

a) Fill the following table with y

b) Sketch the direction eld of the dierential equation y

= x + y + 1.

c) Using the initial condition y(0) = 0 sketch the solution y = y(x) for x [3, 2].

Solution

a)

y\x -3 -2 -1 0 1 2

3 1 2 3 4 5 6

2 0 1 2 3 4 5

1 -1 0 1 2 3 4

0 -2 -1 0 1 2 3

-1 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2

-2 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1

Figure 1: The values of y

(x) = x + y + 1

b), c)

2

Problem 2 (7.2/19)

a) Write the Eulers method formula for y

0

.

b) Use two steps of Eulers method with h = 0.2 to nd an approximation of y(0.4), where y(x) is solution of

y

= 2xy, y(0) = 1.

c) Find the exact solution y(x) (using the method of separation of variables) and compare y(0.4) with its

approximation found in b)

Solution

a) x

0

, y

0

given; h > 0 given

For n = 0, 1, . . . compute

y

n+1

= y

n

+ hf(x

n

, y

n

),

x

n+1

= x

n

+ h.

b) x

0

= 0, y

0

= 1; h = 0.2, f(x, y) = 2xy.

y

1

= 1 + 0.2 2 0 1 = 1

x

1

= 0 + 0.2 = 0.2

y

2

= 1 + 0.2 2 0.2 1 = 1 + 0.08 = 1.08

x

2

= 0.2 + 0.2 = 0.4.

y(0.4) 1.08.

c) Separable equation:

dy

dx

= 2xy,

dy

y

= 2xdx,

ln|y| = C + x

2

, y(t) = Ae

x

2

, A = e

C

,

y(0) = 1 gives A = 1 and so y(x) = e

x

2

.

y(0.4) = e

0.16

= 1.17 . . ., |y(0.4) y

2

| = 0.09.

3

Problem 3 (7.3/10)

Solve with the method of separation of variables the dierential equation

dy

dx

=

xy cos x

1 + 2y

2

, y(0) = 1.

Solution

Separable equation:

1+2y

2

y

dy = xcos xdx. So

_

1 + 2y

2

y

dy =

_

xcos xdx.

But

_

1+2y

2

y

dy =

_

dy

y

+

_

2ydy

= ln|y| + y

2

+ C,

_

xcos xdx = xsinx

_

sinxdx = xsinx + cos x + D.

u = x, v

= cos x

u

= 1, v = sinx

Thus the solution is given implicitly by

ln|y| + y

2

= xsin x + cos x + A, A = D C.

As y(0) = 1 it follows

ln1 + 1 = 0 + 1 + A, A = 0

and so y is given by

ln|y| + y

2

= xsin x + cos x.

4

Problem 4 (7.3/35)

A tank contains 1 000 l of brine with 15 kg of dissolved salt. Pure water enters the tank at a rate of 10

l/min. The solution is kept thoroughly mixed (so the salt concentration is uniform) and drains the tank

at the same rate of 10 l/min.

a) How much salt is in the tank after t minutes ?

b) How long it takes to have in the tank 10 kg of salt ?

Solution

a) Set y(t) the quantity of salt at time t. Then, as y

y

But

rate in = 0,

as pure water enters in tank. For the rate out we have

rate out = 10

_

l

min

_

y(t)

1 000

_

kg

l

_

= 0.01y(t)

_

l

min

_

,

as water drains at 10l/min and each water liter contains y(t)/1 000 kg of salt. Thus

y

= 0.01y.

Solution is easy (exponential law):

dy

dt

= 0.1y,

dy

y

= 0.01dt, ln|y| = 0.01t + C, y(t) = Ae

0.01t

.

As y(0) = 15 (given of the problem) it follows A = 15 and the solution is

y(t) = 15e

0.01t

.

b) Find t such that y(t) = 10. Solve t:

15e

0.01t

= 10, 0.01t = ln

10

15

, t = 100 ln

10

15

40.54 min.

5

Problem 5 (7.5/8)

A sh population of 1 000 is introduced in a lake which carrying capacity is 10 000. It has been observed

that the population tripled in the rst two years.

a) Assuming that the population size satises the logistic equation nd the constants p

0

, K, k and give

the population size formula p(t).

b) How long will it take for the population to increase to 8 000?

Solution

a) It is given p

0

= 1 000, K = 10 000 and

p(t) =

K

1 +

Kp0

p+0

e

kt

=

10 000

1 + 9e

kt

.

k =?

As p(2) = 3p

0

we can nd k:

10 000

1 + 9e

2k

= 3 000, 1 + 9e

2k

=

10

3

, e

2k

=

1

9

_

10

3

1

_

=

7

27

,

k =

1

2

ln

7

27

.

b) Find t such that p(t) = 8 000. Thus solve t. From

10 000

1 + 9e

kt

= 8 000,

with k as earlier, it follows

1 + 9e

kt

=

10

8

, e

kt

=

1

9

_

10

8

1

_

=

1

36

,

t =

1

k

ln

1

36

= 2

ln

1

36

ln

7

27

5.3 years.

6

Problem 6 (8.2/11 28, 8.3/11 24)

a) Determine which of the series is convergent. Precise the criteria ( use for abrevation :

CGS = convergent geometric series with |x| < 1,

DGS = divergent geometric series with |x| 1,

NZL = non zero limit for lim

n

a

n

,

IT = integral test

CT = comparison test.

LCT = limit comparison test).

Series

n=1

5

n

3

n+1

n=1

_

1 + 2

n

_

n=1

ne

n

2

n=1

1

n

3

+5

Convergent? yes no yes yes

Criteria CGS NZL or DGS IT CT or IT

b) Find the sum of rst convergent series.

Solution

s

n

=

n

k=1

5

k

3

k+1

= 3

n

k=1

_

3

5

_

k

(set x =

3

5

)

= 3(x + x

2

+ x

n

)

= 3x((1 + x + x

2

+ x

n1

)

= 3x

1 x

n

1 x

.

Then

s = lim

n

s

n

= 3x

1

1 x

=

3

3

5

1

3

5

=

9

2

.

7

8

9

10

- Books for IITUploaded byDEEPAK KUMAR MALLICK
- (Mathematics Magazine 73 1)Walter Stromquist (Editor in Chief). 73-Mathematical Association of America(2000)Uploaded byozramisa
- An Elementary Course in the Integral CalculusUploaded byHariharan Subramaniyan
- eZdsp PV-MPPT Steepest Decent Control 2007-11 ConsultUploaded byhophamhuyanh9289
- Scheme Questions GorsUploaded byVishnu
- erteteUploaded byShin Bo
- OdesUploaded bytonynugan
- Numerical OdeUploaded bySupratim Bhattacharjee
- (20-21)-search method.pdfUploaded byleksremesh
- UT Dallas Syllabus for math1326.501 05f taught by William Donnell (wxd022000)Uploaded byUT Dallas Provost's Technology Group
- calculus a syllabusUploaded byapi-242073158
- callinersyllUploaded byRadhaAnanthalekshmi
- practica de matematica 1.docxUploaded bytattiana
- sumanth 8Uploaded byChenchu Tnv
- 3 4 definite integralsUploaded byapi-299265916
- applied numerical methodsUploaded byAbhinav Rajmohan
- Digital Unit Plan Template 1.1.17Uploaded byjason nakonechny
- Lau 1984Uploaded byThanyawut Wansuwan
- 00 Session PlanUploaded byVinda Patricia
- simon-duffy-deleuze-and-the-history-of-mathematics-in-defense-of-the-new-1.pdfUploaded byfelipelarrea
- traj.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Farras
- Flow Chart 2Uploaded byKZoice Fernandez
- 1. Introduction to LimitsUploaded byJoe-Liane Antonio
- 2014-homework-002Uploaded byeouahiau
- OUTPUT.docxUploaded byNesia
- Lapiran 4. Analisis DeskriptifUploaded byfikri
- Solution 1Uploaded byYura Victoria
- IntegrationUploaded byAlberto Flores
- Exam Solutions 2013 2014 Semester 1 AdaptedUploaded byRyan Lee
- Two_Populations.pdfUploaded bydarwin_hua

- MAT1322 Winter 2005 Sample Final ExamUploaded byDavid Lin
- Mat2377 Exam SolutionsUploaded byDavid Lin
- Ex Amen Final Hiver 2011 SolUploaded byDavid Lin
- sol1-14FUploaded byDavid Lin
- Mat 2377 Final Spring 2011Uploaded byDavid Lin
- Mat 2377 Practice Exam Sol 2011Uploaded byDavid Lin
- Test3 SolutionsUploaded byDavid Lin
- MAT2337 December 2010 Final ExamUploaded byDavid Lin
- Mat 2377 Final 2011Uploaded byDavid Lin
- MAT1322 Winter 2004 Midterm 3Uploaded byDavid Lin
- Mat 2377 Final Spring 2011 SolUploaded byDavid Lin
- MAT2337 April 2004 Final ExamUploaded byDavid Lin

- A Novel Quaternion Integration Approach for Describing the Behaviour of Non-spherical ParticlesUploaded bymadox_3m
- Numerical Analysis_I. Jacques and C. JuddUploaded bydeepika snehi
- MATLAB TUTORIAL BASICUploaded byhalimsha
- Transient Stability Analysis of Power SystemsUploaded byrasim_m1146
- AEMC6Uploaded byRodrigo Hernández
- Solving Initial-Value Problem of the First-Order Differential Equation by Euler's Method using Casio fx 570EX Classwiz Scientific CalculatorUploaded byEditor IJTSRD
- HWsheet2Uploaded bySpencer Dang
- Proximal AlgorithmsUploaded byhvnth_88
- Modelling of Reaction Term of the Adr EquationUploaded byricardogl1982
- 46ad47Uploaded bysilverpieces
- Overview of different types of simulationUploaded bysachinrajkv
- ESC103 Course Notes (2012)Uploaded byChong_Wang_2778
- MATH226.1x_SyllabusUploaded byHeidi Webb
- NR-420803-Computer Application in Chemical EnggUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Lecture Notes 12-Runge-Kutta MethodUploaded byTebsu Tebsuko
- qual2kw5_usermanualUploaded byJohn Jairo Gomez Castaño
- Chapter 12Uploaded byadnan
- Calc - Worksheet on Euler's Method (1)Uploaded byKevin
- An Improved Ray Tracing AlgorithmUploaded byJose Fernando
- lab7Uploaded byTai Zhou
- HD 6 Numerical Integration of SDOF 2008Uploaded byconcord1103
- Lec2011 - 3 - AI - Fuzzy LogicUploaded bykeyboard2014
- Mws Gen Ode Ppt Euler.pptUploaded bykresna
- Chapter 8Uploaded bySadiq Sarfaraz
- Picard IteratesUploaded byems2427
- open-source math softwareUploaded byHaman Salem
- S.Y.B.sc. Mathematics ( MTH - 222 (B) ) Question BankUploaded byManoj Lalita Goswami
- The 1D Diffusion EquationUploaded byTom
- WritingUploaded byLuis-Patricia Millan
- SodUploaded bygopalpaul