smteam@gmx.ch – www.erdbebenschutz.

ch
L e c t u r e A1
December 10, 2013
ETH, IBK
Zürich
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Dr. Sa s s a n Mo h a s s e b
Vi s i t i n g P r o f e s s o r M. I . T. C a mb r i d g e
2
Overview
 Finite Element Method: FEM
 Boundary Element Method: BEM
 Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method: SBFEM
 Comparison of the three methods
 Accuracy of Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method
 Triangular wedge
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Figure 1.9
3
Spatial discretisation of
Finite Element Method
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
4
 Spatial discretisation of domain
 Shape functions for displacements, which are piecewise local
 Stiffness matrices
 Assembly of matrices / sparse / banded
 Solving system of equations
 Can handle large systems
 Inhomogeneous, anisotropic materials
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Spatial discretisation of
Boundary Element
Method
Figure 1.14
5
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
 Boundary discretisation only
 Reducing the spatial dimension by one
3-D problems become 2-D, and 2-D become 1-D
 Requires fundamental solution, is usually complicated, exhibits singularities
 Shape functions for each boundary element for displacement and tractions
 Resulting equations are fully populated and non-symmetric
 Not well suited for inhomogeneous and isotropic material
 The conditions at infinity are satisfied rigorously
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Figure 2.2
Scaled Boundary Finite Element
Method. A new numerical method
Problem definition:
(a) bounded media
(b) unbounded media
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Finite Elements Method
 No fundamental solutions required
 Symmetrical matrices, sparse , banded matrices
 Convergence by increasing number of elements
Boundary Element Method
 Reduction of the spatial dimension by one
 Reduction of data preparation and computational efforts
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method
 Combining advantages of FEM and BEM
 Reduction of partial differential equations into ordinary differential
equations
 Analytical solution in radial direction
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
 Developed in the last years
 Bounded and unbounded media
 Static and dynamic problems
 2D and 3D problems
 Frequency and time domain solutions developed by Wolf and Song at EPFL
 http://www.iitk.ac.in/nicee/wcee/article/11_70.PDF
 Program SIMILAR downloaded from ftp://ftp.wiley.co.uk/pub/books/wolf/
and http://lchpc25.epfl.ch/ as well as http://www.civeng.unsw.edu.au/
staff/song.c/sbfem/SIMILAR/ and http://www.civil.uwa.edu.au/~deeks/sbfem/
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Finite
element
method
Boundary
element
method
Scaled
boundary finite
element
method
Reduction of the spatial dimension by one as only the
boundary is discretised with surface finite elements,
reducing the data preparation and computational efforts
X X
Analytical solution achieved inside domain X
No fundamental solution required, expanding the scope of
application and avoiding singular integrals
X X
Radiation condition at infinity satisfied exactly when
modelling unbounded (infinite or semi-infinite) media
X X
No discretisation of free and fixed boundaries and interfaces
between different materials
X
No approximation other than that of the surface finite
elements on the boundary
X X
Advantages of scaled boundary finite element method compared with those of finite element and
boundary element methods
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Table 14.1
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Finite
element
method
Boundary
element
method
Scaled
boundary finite
element
method
Symmetric dynamic-stiffness and unit-impulse response
matrices for unbounded media
X (X) X
Symmetric static-stiffness and mass matrices for bounded
media (super element)
X (X) X
Body loads processed without additional domain
discretisation and thus additional approximation
X X
Straightforward calculation of stress concentrations and
intensity factors based on their definition
X
No fictitious eigenfrequencies for unbounded media X X
Straightforward coupling by standard assemblage of
structure discretised with finite elements with unbounded
medium
X X
(ctd.): Advantages of scaled boundary finite element method compared with those of finite element and
boundary element methods
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Table 14.1 (ctd.)
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
13
Infinite plate with central circular hole
subjected to uniaxial tensile stress
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Fig. 25.3
Bounded model representing infinite
plate in uniaxial stress field
Fig. 25.4
Reproduced by permission of John Wiley Sons LTD
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
14
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Plate 25.1
Raw (left) and recovered
(right) stress as computed by
scaled boundary finite element
method for coarse mesh
Raw (left) and recovered
(right) stress as computed
by finite element method
for the intermediate mesh
Plate 25.2
Reproduced by permission of John Wiley Sons LTD
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Plate 25.1
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Table 25.1
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
16
Cylindrical foundation
embedded in half-space
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Fig. 25.15
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Plate 25.7
Vertical stress at 5%
target error:
scaled boundary finite
element method (left)
finite element method
(right) (mesh a)
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Computational efficiency and accuracy of adaptive
finite element analyses (meshes a to e) and adaptive
scaled boundary finite element analysis (mesh f)
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Table 25.4
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Model of the trapezoidal plate
Ref. Extension of the scaled boundary finite element method to plate bending problems, Rolf Dieringer et al., PAMM 11, 203-204 (2011)
Ref. Extension of the scaled boundary finite element method to plate bending problems, Rolf Dieringer et al., PAMM 11, 203-204 (2011)
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Convergence study
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Problem Statement
Out-of-plane motion of wedge
and truncated semi-infinite
wedge of shear plate
Figure 4.1
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read
chapter 4
The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Equilibrium equation
Reformulating equation 4.1
p: Body load per unit volume acting perpendicular
to the planestress, strain relation
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A
Ref. The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method, J.P. Wolf, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland, © 2003 J. Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chicester, West Sussex, England
Substituting equation 4.2 into equation 4.1 we get
with the shear wave velocity
With the surface traction τ
n
boundary conditions
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The Scaled Boundary Finite Element Method – Lecture A