Open-File Report 97-470G, ver.1.

0
This report is preliminary and has not been reviewed for conformity with U. S. Geological Survey
editorial standards and stratigraphic nomenclature. Any use of trade names is for descriptive
purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U. S. government.
U.S. Department of the Interior

U.S. Geological Survey
by R. M. Pollastro
1
, F. M. Persits
2
, and D. W. Steinshouer
2
1
U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO
2
Contractor to the U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO
MAP SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS,
AND GEOLOGIC PROVINCES OF IRAN
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U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-470G, ver.1.0
MAP SHOWING GEOLOGY, OIL AND GAS FIELDS,
AND GEOLOGIC PROVINCES OF IRAN
Table of Contents
Introduction
Geologic provinces in Iran, sorted by province name
Geologic provinces in Iran, sorted by province code
Map showing faults, oil and gas fields, and geologic provinces of Iran
Map showing geology, oil and gas fields and geologic provinces of Iran
Data processing steps
References
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INTRODUCTION
This digitally compiled map includes geology, oil and gas field centerpoints, geologic provinces,
and major faults of Iran with some of these components extended into geographically adjacent
areas. This digital compilation is an interim product of the U.S. Geological Survey's World
Energy Project (WEP) and part of a series on CD-ROM. The goal of the WEP is to assess the
undiscovered, technically recoverable oil and gas resources of the world and report the result of
this assessment in the year 2000. For data management purposes, the world was divided into eight
energy regions corresponding approximately to the economic regions of the world as
defined by the U.S. Department of State.
Each world energy region was then further divided into geologic provinces on the basis of natural
geologic entities and may include a dominant geologic structural element or a number of
contiguous elements. Some provinces contain multiple, genetically-related basins. Geologic
province boundaries for Iran were delineated using data from different geologic maps,
publications, and other tectonic and geographic data. Each province was assigned a unique number;
the first digit is the region number. An attempt was made to number the provinces in geographical
order or groups with numbering starting at the Arabian Shield (see Pollastro and others, 1998).
The list of provinces sorted by number is shown to the right of the map.
Centerpoints of oil and gas fields are shown and were plotted with permission from
Petroconsultants International Data Corporation, 1996 worldwide oil and gas field database.
Allocation of field data to geologic provinces provided a ranking of the provinces by total known
petroleum volume (see Klett and others, 1997). The WEP further characterizes the geologic
provinces by petroleum system and assessment units in order to assess the undiscovered petroleum
volume.
Specific details of map and data sources, and the procedure used in the compilation of this
geologic map of Iran are given in the metadata file and described briefly in the text below.
Stratigraphic subdivisions of Phanerozoic rocks were combined to simplify the geology and
maintain consistency with other maps in this series. Precambrian rocks are undivided.
This map was compiled using Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc.(ESRI) ARC/INFO
software. Political boundaries and cartographic representations are used, with permission,
from ESRI's ArcWorld 1:3M digital coverages, have no political significance, and are displayed
for general reference only.
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REFERENCES
Alsharhan,A.S., and Nairn, A.E.M., 1997, Sedimentary Basins and Petroleum Geology
of the Middle East, Elseveir, Amsterdam, 942 p.
Beydoun,Z.R., 1991, Arabian plate hydrocarbon geology and potential -- A plate tectonic
approach: Amer. Assoc. Petrol. Geologists, Studies in Geology 33, 77 p.
Environmental Systems Research Institute,Inc.,1992, ArcWorld 1:3M, Environmental System
Research Institute (ESRI). Digital database available from ESRI, 380 New York Street,
Redlands, CA 92373-8100.
Haghipour,A., and Aghanabati,A (compilers),1985, Geologic Map of Iran: Ministry of Mines
and Metals, Geological Survey of Iran, one plate.
International Geologic Map of Africa, 1959, Plate 3, 1:5,000,000, International Geologic
Congress, Association of Geologic Services of Africa, Paris, France.
Klett, T.R., Ahlbrandt T.S., Schmoker, J .W., and Dolton, G.L., 1997,
Ranking of World's oil and gas provinces by known petroleum volume: U.S. Geological Survey
Open File Report 97-463, one CD-ROM.
Petroconsultants, 1996, Petroleum exploration and production database: Petroconsultants,
Inc., Houston, Texas (database available from Petroconsultants, Inc., P.O. Box
740619, Houston, Texas 77274-0619).
Pollastro R.M., Karshbaum A.S, and Viger R.J . , 1998, Map showing geology, oil and gas
fields, and geologic provinces of the Arabian peninsula:
U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-470B, one CD-ROM.
Persits F.M., Ulmishek G.F., and D.W. Steinshouer., 1997, Map showing geology, oil and gas
fields, and geologic provinces of the Former Soviet Union:
U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 97-470E, one CD-ROM.
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DATA PROCESSING STEPS
This map has been digitally compiled and abstracted from The Geological Map of Iran, (1985)
Compiled by A. Haghipour and A. Aghanabati, Ministry of Mines and Metals, Geological Survey
of Iran, Scale 1:2,500,000.
The projection information written on the original map is ".. adjusted from Polyconic
Projection of International 1:1000000 Map of the Earth". Because such projection is not
directly supported by ESRI's ARC/INFO software, it was necessary to georeference the map
to the one of known projections. This was done as follows:
1. The latitude/longitude grid with cell size 2 * 2 degrees was projected to Lambert
Conformal Conic projection and then used to create ARC/INFO point coverage. That point
coverage was used to create "to - from" links by ARC/INFO CONTROLPOINTS program.
2. A gray-scale scanned image of the original paper map was transformed to Lambert Conformal
Conic projection by ARC/INFO GRIDWARP program (polynomial of the second order) using the
"to - from" links created by CONTROLPOINTS program.
3. Geologic polygon boundaries from the source map were initially transfered to mylar and then
scanned to produce a binary image.
4. The binary image from step 3 with geologic boundaries was vectorized by ARC/INFO GRIDLINE
utility and then supplemented by hands-on digitization.
5. Polygon boundaries and geologic attributing of the ARC/INFO coverage from step 4
were verified and corrected by using gray-scale image from step 2 as a background guide.
6. A series of piecewise "rubbersheet" transformations was applied to the final ARC/INFO
coverage. The ARC/INFO coverages that were used for transformation were ESRI's ArcWorld
1:3M GIS cartographic layers (RIV3M, CTRY3M). Overall RMS error of that transformation is
equal to 1,500 meters (0.6 mm on original paper map).
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LIST OF GEOLOGIC PROVINCE CODES AND NAMES
(SORTED BY CODE)
1109---Middle Caspian Basin
1112---South Caspian Basin
1113---Kura Basin
1153---Karabogaz-Karakum High
1154---Amu-Darya Basin
1155---Kopet-Dag Foldbelt
2017---Oman Mountains
2018---Gulf of Oman Basin
2019---Rub Al Khali Basin
2020---Int. Homocline-Central Arch
2021---Greater Ghawar Uplift
2022---Qatar Arch
2023---Widyan Basin-Int. Platform
2024---Mesopotamian Foredeep Basin
2030---Zagros Fold Belt
2031---Zagros Thrust Zone
2080---Araks
2081---Lesser Caucasus
2091---Central Iranian Basins
2092---Cen. Iranian Microcontinents
2093---Lut Block and Depression
2094---Alborz Fold Belt
8001---Southeast Afghanistan
8021---Makran
8022---Baluchistan
8023---Central Afghanistan
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LIST OF GEOLOGIC PROVINCE CODES AND NAMES
(SORTED BY NAME)
2094---Alborz Fold Belt
1154---Amu-Darya Basin
2080---Araks
8022---Baluchistan
8023---Central Afghanistan
2091---Central Iranian Basins
2092---Cen. Iranian Microcontinents
2021---Greater Ghawar Uplift
2018---Gulf of Oman Basin
2020---Int. Homocline-Central Arch
1153---Karabogaz-Karakum High
1155---Kopet-Dag Foldbelt
1113---Kura Basin
2081---Lesser Caucasus
2093---Lut Block and Depression
8021---Makran
2024---Mesopotamian Foredeep Basin
1109---Middle Caspian Basin
2017---Oman Mountains
2022---Qatar Arch
2019---Rub Al Khali Basin
1112---South Caspian Basin
8001---Southeast Afghanistan
2023---Widyan Basin-Int. Platform
2030---Zagros Fold Belt
2031---Zagros Thrust Zone
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Geologic province outline
Geologic contact
Thrust/Reverse fault
Thrust/Reverse fault (inferred)
Other faults (undifferentiated)
Other faults inferred (undifferentiated)
International boundary
Center of oil field
Center of gas field
Major cities
Geologic province code
Q
Quaternary
Qe
Quaternary eolian
Qsk
Quaternary sabkha/marsh
QN
Quaternary-Neogene
N
Neogene
Pg
Paleogene
T
Tertiary
TK
Tertiary-Cretaceous
K
Cretaceous
KJ
Cretaceous-Jurassic
J
Jurassic
JTr
Jurassic-Triassic
Tr
Triassic
Mz
Mesozoic
TrP
Triassic-Permian
MzPz
Mesozoic-Paleozoic
P
Permian
PC
Permian-Carboniferous
C
Carboniferous
CD
Carboniferous-Devonian
D
Devonian
S
Silurian
SO
Silurian-Ordovician
O
Ordovician
Cm
Cambrian
Pz
Paleozoic
CmpCm
Cambrian-Precambrian
PzpCm
Precambrian-Paleozoic
pCm
Precambrian
Salt
Salt Undifferentiated
Qi
Quaternary Intrusives
Qv
Quaternary Volcanics
Ti
Tertiary Intrusives
Tv
Tertiary Volcanics
To
Tertiary Ophiolites
Czi
Cenozoic Intrusives
Czv
Cenozoic Volcanics
CzMzi
Cenozoic-Mesozoic Intrusives
CzMzv
Mesozoic-Cenozoic Volcanics
Mzi
Mesozoic Intrusives
Mzv
Mesozoic Volcanics
Mzo
Mesozoic Ophiolites
MzPzi
Mesozoic-Paleozoic Intrusives
MzPzv
Mesozoic-Paleozoic Volcanics
Pzv
Paleozoic Volcanics
pCmi
Precambrian Intrusives
pCmv
Precambrian Volcanics
ae
Acid Extrusives unknown age
ai
Acid Intrusives unknown age
acid
Acid igneous unknown age and type
be
Basic Extrusives unknown age
bi
Basic Intrusives unknown age
basic
Basic igneous unknown age and type
ie
Intermediate Extrusives unknown age
ii
Intermediate Intrusives unknown age
inter
Intermediate igneous unknown age and type
Io
Ophiolites (undifferentiated)
vs
Volcanics and Sedimentary deposites undiferentiated
Areas outside of Iran
Sea
Lakes and wide rivers
Geologic province outline
Geologic contact
Thrust/Reverse fault
Thrust/Reverse fault (inferred)
Other faults (undifferentiated)
Other faults inferred (undifferentiated)
International boundary
Center of oil field
Center of gas field
Major cities
Geologic province code
Q
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Qsk
Q
Pg N Tr
K
Q Pg Mzv
QN
Pg QN
QN QN Qe
Q
K Pg
N
K
To
Q Q Pg
Pg
K Q
Q
Q
Q
Q
QN
T Io
Pg
QN QN
Qe QN Pg Qsk Mzv K Q Pg Qsk
Q
Q Q
Q
K
Io
KJ Pg ie Pg K Pg
Q QN
Pg Qsk N N KJ T
Q
QN
Io
Pg
N T K Q
Pg
Q
TK
N Pg
Pg
Pg Io
Q
ie QN K Pg
Io
T
Io
Q KJ Q Pg Qsk Mzv Qsk
Pg QN Pg QN N Pg QN K Mzv T N Pg
Q
N K
Io
Io TK Pg
Mzv
N K Q Pg
Qsk
N Tv Io K Q N Io
Qe
T Io
N Pg QN QN
Pg
Q
Q
N
Io
QN Io
Q
Pz N K N Q T Pg Pg
Q
QN Io P
K
T
Pg
Q K
Q
Pg N
QN
KJ QN Q Q QN T QN N T
Io
Qe
Pg bi QN Pg K T Q K bi T
K
K Q K Pg Pg Io bi
TK
Q T bi T K N KJ
Io
Io Q N
T Q bi T N T Pg Pg Pg bi ie
bi
bi QN
Pg
bi Pg QN K
Qe
K K
Io
Q T Pg K
bi Pg
T
Q K QN T Q T TK Pg TK Q K
Pg
Q Q Pg bi Q TK
Pg
K
bi bi ie Q bi Q N Q
Io Qsk Pg Q T Pg
T
Q
Q T
Q T Pg Pg Qsk Q
Q
N N N Pg N N
N
N
Q
Q
Q
Q N Q N
Q Pg
Q N
Q Q N Q
Q T Q N N
Q
Q
T Q Q N Q Q Q T Q Qe T N Q Q N
Q
Q Q
Q
Q Q Q Q Q Q Q Q
Q
Q Q
Q T Qe
Pg Q Q N N Q Q Q QN Q Q
Q
N Q Q N QN
Q
QN Qe QN
Q
QN
N
Q Qe Qe Qe
Qe
N
Qe
Qe Qe N N N Qe Q Q
N Q
Q Q
N
Q
Q
ai
N N
MzPz N
ae ie
Q
Quaternary
Qe
Quaternary eolian
Qsk
Quaternary sabkha/marsh
QN
Quaternary-Neogene
N
Neogene
Pg
Paleogene
T
Tertiary
TK
Tertiary-Cretaceous
K
Cretaceous
KJ
Cretaceous-Jurassic
J
Jurassic
JTr
Jurassic-Triassic
Tr
Triassic
Mz
Mesozoic
TrP
Triassic-Permian
MzPz
Mesozoic-Paleozoic
P
Permian
PC
Permian-Carboniferous
C
Carboniferous
CD
Carboniferous-Devonian
D
Devonian
S
Silurian
SO
Silurian-Ordovician
O
Ordovician
Cm
Cambrian
Pz
Paleozoic
CmpCm
Cambrian-Precambrian
PzpCm
Precambrian-Paleozoic
pCm
Precambrian
Salt
Salt Undifferentiated
Qi
Quaternary Intrusives
Qv
Quaternary Volcanics
Ti
Tertiary Intrusives
Tv
Tertiary Volcanics
To
Tertiary Ophiolites
Czi
Cenozoic Intrusives
Czv
Cenozoic Volcanics
CzMzi
Cenozoic-Mesozoic Intrusives
CzMzv
Mesozoic-Cenozoic Volcanics
Mzi
Mesozoic Intrusives
Mzv
Mesozoic Volcanics
Mzo
Mesozoic Ophiolites
MzPzi
Mesozoic-Paleozoic Intrusives
MzPzv
Mesozoic-Paleozoic Volcanics
Pzv
Paleozoic Volcanics
pCmi
Precambrian Intrusives
pCmv
Precambrian Volcanics
ae
Acid Extrusives unknown age
ai
Acid Intrusives unknown age
acid
Acid igneous unknown age and type
be
Basic Extrusives unknown age
bi
Basic Intrusives unknown age
basic
Basic igneous unknown age and type
ie
Intermediate Extrusives unknown age
ii
Intermediate Intrusives unknown age
inter
Intermediate igneous unknown age and type
Io
Ophiolites (undifferentiated)
vs
Volcanics and Sedimentary deposites undiferentiated
Areas outside of Iran
Sea
Lakes and wide rivers
Geologic province outline
Geologic contact
Thrust/Reverse fault
Thrust/Reverse fault (inferred)
Other faults (undifferentiated)
Other faults inferred (undifferentiated)
International boundary
Center of oil field
Center of gas field
Major cities
Geologic province code
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