Inflammation

*** Compare acute x chronic inflammation .
*** Compare fluid exudate x transudate .
* Compare acute x chronic abscess .
*** Compare abscess x cellultis .
Give account on : -
*** Local vascular change =vascular phenomenon .
*** Role of fibrin in acute inflammation .
*** Phagocytosis. (chemotaxis
*** !efective phagocytosis .
*** Chemical mediators of acute inflammation .
*** "bscess (pathogenesis # $%& # '%& # (ate .
** Carbuncle .
*** Catarrhal inflammation .
*** 'embranous inflammation .
*** )erofibrinous inflammation .
*** (ate of acute inflammation .
*** *ranuloma .
*** (luid exudates .
*** Role of complement in acute inflammation .
Nominate the following lesion -:
+ - ),elling in subcutaneous tissue ,- appear Rea-.ot-painful and contain
yello,ish thic/ fluid .
0 - ),elling due to foreign body ,- is present in subcutaneous tissue for
several ,ee/s .
Repair .
Give account on : -
*** Repair of bone fracture .
*** Repair of peripheral nerves .
*** *ranulation tissue (!ef # $%& # '%& # pathogenesis # (ate .
* .ealing by +ry union .
* .ealing by 0ry union .
*** Complication of repair .
*** !iscuss serofibrinous inflammation 1 .o, can it heal 2
*** Complication of ,ound healing .
*** (actors affecting repair .
*** Control of repair .
*** Compare +ry union x 0ry union .
Cell injury
Give account on -:
*** (atty change liver (Causes # $%& # '%& .
*** "myloid liver ($%& # '%& # effects .
*** "myloid /idney ($%& # '%& # effects .
* "myloid spleen ($%& # '%& # effects .
*** 3ro,n atrophy of the heart (Cause # $%& # '%& .
** 0ry hemosiderosis .
*** +ry hemosiderosis = 3ron4ed diabetes .
** $ecrosis (!ef # causes # $%& # '%& # (ate .
* "poptosis .
* (at necrosis .
*** Compare mucoid x myxomatous degeneration .
*** Compare +ry x 0ry amyloidosis .
*** Compare )ago-spleen x diffuse amyloid spleen .
*** Compare dystrophic x metastatic calcification .
*** Compare Coagulative x li5uefactive necrosis .
*** Compare $ecrosis x apoptosis .
Nominate the following lesion -:
+ - patient e- chronic lung abscess suddenly develop heavy proteinuria and
generali4ed edema. 6hat is '%& of the /idney 2
Circulatory disorder
Give account on -:
*** Chronic venous congestion of spleen .
*** *ama gandy nodules .
*** Chronic venous congestion of lung .
*** 7ypes of thrombi .
* Causes of thrombi .
*** Cardiac thrombi .
*** (ate of thrombus .
*** &mbolism .
*** Pulmonary embolism .
*** 8nfarction (!ef # $%& # '%& # (ate .
*** Lung infarction .
*** $%& # '%& ( of spleen in case of chronic myeloid leu/emia .
* Chronic venous congestion of /idney .
* 9idney infarction .
** 8nfarction of intestine .
*** )enile gangrene of lo,er limb .
*** 'oist gangrene of intestine .
*** *as = 6ar gangrene .
*** *enerali4ed edema. (the table
*** Locali4ed edema. (the table .
* 0ry shoc/ .
* Post mortem picture of shoc/ .
*** Compare $ut-meg liver x cardiac cirrhosis .
*** Compare thrombophlebitis x phlebothrombosis .
*** Compare thrombus x clot .
*** Compare recent x old infarct .
*** Compare ,et x dry gangrene .
*** !iscuss the causes of edema in the lo,er limb 2
Infectious diseases
Give account on -:
* 7oxemia .
* 3acteremia .
*** )epticemia (!ef # effects
*** )epticemic spleen .
*** )epticemic heart .
* Post mortem picture of patient died from septicemia .
*** Pyemia .
** "ctinomycosis .
** Compare Lepromatous x 7uberculoid leprosy .
** Compare )arcodosis x 7.3 .

T.
Give account on -:
*** 7ubercle formation (pathogenesis # $%& # '%& .
*** +ry 7.3 .
* 0ry 7.3 .
*** *hon:s focus .
*** "cute 7.3 bronchopneumonia .
*** 7.3 ulcer in the tongue ($%& # '%& .
*** "ssman simon: s focus .
*** Chronic fibrocaseous pulmonary 7.3 .
** Complication of intestinal 7.3 .
*** $ominate ( ulcer in small intestine e- undermined edge .
*** 7.3 lymphadenitis .
** Cold abscess .
** 7uberculoma .
*** 7.3 meningitis .
*** 7.3 9idney .
* 7.3 )alpingitis = 7.3 of fallopian tube .
*** Pott:s disease = 7.3 of vertebrae .
* (orms of 7.3 in the lung .
*** Compare military 7.3 x pyemic abscess .
*** Compare +ry intestinal x 0ry intestinal 7.3 .
*** Compare ,et type x dry type of 7.3 peritonitis .
!yphilis "#$
Give account on -:
*** Chancre .
*** 0ry stage of .;
*** *umma .
*** !iffuse ; aortitis = Luetic aortitis (pathogenesis # complication .
* $euro)yphilis .
* Congenital .;
* Compare tubercle x gumma .
ilhar%iasis "$
Give account on -:
*** Polyp .
*** )andy patches .
*** 3ilhar4ial ulcers
*** <rogenital bilhar4iasis (lesion # complication
*** 8ntestinal bilhar4iasis (lesion # complication .
* 3ilhar4ial preportal fibrosis (pathogenesis # complication .
*** Compare polyp x sandy patches .
*** Compare fine 3. (ibrosis x coarse 3. (ibrosis .
*** Compare early x late splenomegaly .
** Compare tubercle x pseudo-tubercle .
Nominate the following lesion -:
+ - )oft pedunculated lesion in colon of 3. Patient .
0 - )pleen from patient e- hepatic fibrosis .
= - Lesion in the liver from patient e- portal hypertension .
Tumor & Neoplasia
Give account on -:
*** .amartoma (!ef # &.g # causes
* "trophy .
* .yperplasia .
*** 'etaplasia .
*** !ysplasia .
*** !irect = Local spread of malignant tumor .
*** 3lood = hematogenous spread of malignant tumor .
*** Lymphatic spread of malignant tumor .
*** Local malignant tumor .
* Papilloma .
* "denoma .
*** *rading of carcinoma .
*** )taging of carcinoma .
*** Carcinoma in situ .
*** )5uamous cell carcinoma (!ef # )ites # $%& #'%& # spread
* 3order calcification .
*** "denocarcinoma (classical type (!ef # )ites # $%& #'%& .
*** Lipoma .
*** 3asal cell carcinoma (!ef # )ites # $%& #'%& # spread .
* 'g melanoma .
*** &mbryonal tumor .
*** Cystic teratoma = dermoid cyst .
*** )olid teratoma .
*** Precancerous lesion .
*** >ncogen .
*** )upprsor # !$" # "poptotic? "ntiapoptotic genes .
*** Chemical carcinogens .
*** Radiation .
*** @iral carcinogens .
*** 'olecular basis of multistep carcinogens .
*** $eoplastic syndrome .
*** Para-neoplastic syndrome .
*** 7umor mar/ers .
*** "nti-tumor mechanism .
*** Prognostic factors of 'g tumors ***Compare hyperplasia x neoplasia .
* Co-carcinogenes *Lymphangioma.*** Compare capillary x
*** Compare 3enign x 'g tumor. cavernous hemangioma .
*** Compare carcinoma x sarcoma. est wishes .