Beams Moments and Shear

Description
+Ve Moment
Kip-ft
-Ve Moment
Kip-ft
Shear (Kips)
A Foundation Level
1 Radial Beams (1.5'X3') 87.5 112 17.8
2 Periphral Beam (1.25'x1.5') 15 24.8 6.48
B Tie Beam Level, 22' above Foundation
1 Periphral Beam (1.25'x1.5') 12 29.62 6.48
C Floor Level, 32' above Foundation
1 Radial Beams (1.5'X3') 520 547 87.3
2 Periphral Beam (1.25'x1.5') 48.29 58 15.42
D Floor Level, 54' above Foundation
1 Radial Beams (1.5'X3') 472 602 87.11
2 Periphral Beam (1.25'x1.5') 42 52 15.41
E Floor Level, 65' above Foundation
1 Radial Beams (1.5'X3') 452 667 79
2 Periphral Beam (1.25'x1.5') 50 65.9 12.37
1 Dome Beams (1'X1.5') 18.67 10.43 19.7
2 Dome Slab, 6" Thick 0.91 1.75
3 Dome Slab Base, 12" Thick 17 4.1
+Ve Moment
Kip-ft
-Ve Moment
Kip-ft
Axial Force
4 Inner Columns (2' dia),G.F 21 0 438
5 Outer Columns (2' dia), upto 32' height 30 0 631
Outer Columns (2' dia), upto 54' height 446
Outer Columns (2' dia), upto 65' height 314
Outer Columns (2' dia), upto 82' height 113
6 Intermediate Slabs, M22, Thick=7.5" 3.25 5.5
7 Intermediate Slabs, M11, Thick=7.5" 5.8 7.9
492
1313.64
595.8631951
Stirrups
+Ve -Ve
4,dia20 4,dia20 f10 @ 200
4,dia16 4,dia16 f10 @ 200
4,dia16 4,dia16 f10 @ 200
8,dia25 8,dia25 f12 @ 200
4,dia16 4,dia16 f10 @ 200
8,dia25 8,dia25 f12 @ 200
4,dia16 4,dia16 f10 @ 200
8,dia25 8,dia25 f12 @ 200
4,dia16 4,dia16 f10 @ 200
4,dia16 4,dia16 f10 @ 200
f10 @ 150 f10 @ 150
f16 @ 150 f10 @ 150
6-,dia25
6-,dia25
6-,dia25
6-,dia25
6-,dia25
f10 @ 150 f10 @ 110
f10 @ 110 f12 @ 150
Main Steel
Material Data For SAP-2000 Input
S. No. Description KN-m
1 Concrete Crushing Strength 20683 3 Ksi
2 Flexure Steel Yield Strength 413665 60 Ksi
3 Mass Per Unit Volume 2.40 0.15 KCf
4 Weight Per Unit Volume 23.56 0.15 KCf
5 Asphalt Unit Weight 22
6 Base Course Unit Weight 26
7 Modulus of Elasticity of Concrete 21829840 449571 KSf
8 Modulus of Elasticity of Steel 97626012 29000
9 Shear Steel Yield Strength 275777 40 Ksi
10 Poisson's Ratio 0.2 0.2
11 Coefficient of Thermal Expansion 9.90E-06
Super Imposed Loads
Base Course Thickness 200 mm
Asphalt Thickness 75 mm
Asphalt Weight 1.65 KN/m
2
Base Course Weight 5 KN/m
2
Asphalt + Base Course 6.84925 KN/m
2
Lane Load (9.3 N/mm over 3m width) 3.1 KN/m
2
Tank Load/ Track (Chain of Tank) 113.84 KN/m
2
Spring Constants
Bearing Capacity of Soil 0.75 1.65345 Ksf
Area around each joint 1.56 Sft
Spring constant, K 59.5242 Ksf
Vertical spring constant, Kv 92.857752 Kips
Horizontal Spring Constant, Kh=Kz 23.214438 Kips
Local Axes & Moment Convention for Slabs
M11 is the shell element moment about axis-2, so the steel will be provided in the axis-1 direction
M22 is the shell element moment about axis-1, so the steel will be provided in the axis-2 direction
M12 is the shell element moment the torion in the element.
Dead Loads Moment
Slab Length 24
Slab Width 9
Slab Load (7.5" Thick) 20.25 Kips
Flooring Load (3" Thick) 7.776 Kips
Load on Long Beam (Short Direction) 9.10845 Kips 0.37951875
Load on Short Beam (Long Direction) 4.90455 Kips 0.54495
Live Loads
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For horizontal elements, local axis-1 is parralel to global X-axis
For horizontal elements, local axis-2 is parralel to global Y-axis
For horizontal elements, local axis-3 is Perpendicular plan (in Z-direction), but its upward or downward
direction depends on the rotationof local axis- &2, if this rotation is counter clock wise then axis-3 is in +z
direction, and vice versa. L
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For elements other than horizontal the local axis-2 is in +z direction
Total Load 21.6 Kips
Load on Long Beam (Short Direction) 14.04 0.585
Load on Short Beam (Long Direction) 7.56
Soil Load Over Toe 0.24
Soil Load Over Heel 2.52 Ksf 20.8661424
Earth Pressure on Stem 0.83916 Ksf
0.03996
4.32 0.6
15
Earth Pressure on Stem 0.43956 Ksf
0.03996
0.00014467
28.804 cum
678.708652 33.9354326
8.48385815
0.72468567
0.10870285
0.16566314
1.32
S. No.
Culvert
No.
Skew Angle
(Degrees)
Clear
Span
Length
(mm)
Effective
Span
Length
(mm)
Min. Slab
Thickness
(mm)
Provided
Slab
Thickness
(mm)
No. of
Cells
Height of
Culvert
(mm)
Roadway
Width
(m)
Shoulders
(mm)
Culvert
Length
(mm)
Model
Effec.
Width
(mm)
1 C1 0 1000 1450 160 225 1 7300 3000 10300 1450
2 C2 0 1500 1950 180 225 1 7300 3000 10300 1950
3 C3 0 2000 2450 200 250 1 7300 3000 10300 2450
4 C4 0 2500 2950 220 275 1 7300 3000 10300 2950
5 C5 0 3000 3450 240 275 1 7300 3000 10300 3450
6 C6 0 3500 3950 260 300 1 7300 3000 10300 3950
7 C7 0 4000 4450 280 325 1 7300 3000 10300 4450
8 C8 0 4500 4950 300 350 1 7300 3000 10300 4950
9 C9 0 5000 5450 320 400 1 7300 3000 10300 5450
10 C10 0 5500 5950 340 450 1 7300 3000 10300 5950
11 C11 15 1000 1450 160 225 1 7300 3000 10663 1501
12 C12 15 1500 1950 180 225 1 7300 3000 10663 2019
13 C13 15 2000 2450 200 250 1 7300 3000 10663 2536
14 C14 15 2500 2950 220 275 1 7300 3000 10663 3054
15 C15 15 3000 3450 240 275 1 7300 3000 10663 3572
16 C16 15 3500 3950 260 300 1 7300 3000 10663 4089
17 C17 15 4000 4450 280 325 1 7300 3000 10663 4607
18 C18 15 4500 4950 300 350 1 7300 3000 10663 5125
19 C19 15 5000 5450 320 400 1 7300 3000 10663 5642
20 C20 15 5500 5950 340 450 1 7300 3000 10663 6160
21 C21 25 1000 1450 160 225 1 7300 3000 11365 1600
22 C22 25 1500 1950 180 225 1 7300 3000 11365 2152
23 C23 25 2000 2450 200 250 1 7300 3000 11365 2703
24 C24 25 2500 2950 220 275 1 7300 3000 11365 3255
25 C25 25 3000 3450 240 275 1 7300 3000 11365 3807
26 C26 25 3500 3950 260 300 1 7300 3000 11365 4358
27 C27 25 4000 4450 280 325 1 7300 3000 11365 4910
28 C28 25 4500 4950 300 350 1 7300 3000 11365 5462
29 C29 25 5000 5450 320 400 1 7300 3000 11365 6013
30 C30 25 5500 5950 340 450 1 7300 3000 11365 6565
2975
CULVERT DATA
Slab
Design
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
Completed
CULVERT DATA
1 Slab Design KN-mm
Applied Moment Mu 3.7 K-ft/ft
Area of Steel Provided As 0.50 in
2
Steel Yield Strength fy 40 Ksi
Concrete Crushing Strength fc' 3 Ksi
Slab Unit Width bw 300 12 in
Member Thickness h 150 6 in
Clear Cover to Main Reinf. Cc 50 2 in
Effective depth d 100 4 in
Min Area of Steel Asmin 0.14 in
2
Stress block depth a=As*fy/.85*fc'*b 0.65 inch
Design Moment Md=.9*As*fy*(d-a/2) 66.12 K-in/ft
5.51 K-ft/ft
Factor of Safety 1.49 (O.K)
Bar size used in the Design 12 4 No.
Design Spacing and Bar size 117.50 4.70 Spacing in in.
2 Beam Flexure Design
Applied Moment Mu 118.75 K-ft/ft
Area of Steel Provided As 2.2 in
2
Steel Yield Strength fy 40 Ksi
Concrete Crushing Strength fc' 3 Ksi
Unit Width b 337.5 13.5 in
Beam height excluding slab thick. h' 450 18
Member Thickness h 600 24 in
Clear Cover to Main Reinf. Cc 60 2.4
Effective depth d 540 21.6 in
Min Area of Steel As min 1.46 in
2
Max. Area of Steel As max 8.11 in
2
Stress block depth a=As*fy/.85*fc'*b 2.56 inch
Design Moment Md=.9*As*fy*(d-a/2) 1609.49 K-in/ft
134.12 K-ft/ft
Factor of Safety 1.13 (O.K)
Bar Size to be Used Dia of Bar 20 6
No. of bars to be Provided 5
3 Beam Shear Design
Applied Shear Vu 88 Kips
Area of Steel Provided Input steel area as=0.11(#3) or 0.2(#4) 0.2 in
2
Steel Yield Strength fy 60 Ksi
Concrete Crushing Strength fc' 3 Ksi
Beam Width bw 337.5 13.5 in
Member Thickness h 600 24 in
Clear Cover to Main Reinf. Cc 150 6
Effective depth d 450 18 in
Concrete Resistance in Shear fVc=2*f*(fc)^.5*bw*d 22.63 Kips
Design Spacing S=f*Av*fy*d/(Vu-fVc) 2.81
Min. Spacing Requirement S = Av*fy/(50*bw) 35.56 in
S = d/2 9.00 in
S = 24 in. 24.00 in
Required Spacing of Shear Reinf. 70.21 2.81 in
O.K
Use Dia 12 @ 70.21 mm c/c
RCC Design Calculations for Culverts
Use Dia 12 @ 117.5 mm c/c
Provide 5 Dia 20 Bars
F:\Ishaq\Standards\Culverts\Design\Design Calculation45264767.xls.ms_office, Design
Dia in mm Bar No.(in.) Area Unit Weight Unit
f10 3 0.11 0.376 lb/ft
f12 4 0.20 0.668 lb/ft
f16 5 0.31 1.043 lb/ft
f20 6 0.44 1.502 lb/ft
f25 8 0.79 2.67 lb/ft
f32 9 0.99 2.67
450
1072.89597
772.895966
0.75 tons 914.3999707
1.65345 Kips
7.3545456 KN
600
450
187.5
36
900
Use Dia 12 @ 70.21 mm c/c
Use Dia 12 @ 117.5 mm c/c
Provide 5 Dia 20 Bars
F:\Ishaq\Standards\Culverts\Design\Design Calculation45264767.xls.ms_office, Design
Slab thickness requirement
Description Simple Spans Continuous Span Material
1 Slabs 1.2(S+3000)/30 (S+3000)/30 >=165mm
2 T-Beams 0.070L 0.065L
3 Box Beams 0.060L 0.055L
4 Pedestrian Structure Beams 0.035L 0.033L
5 Slabs 0.030L>=165mm 0.027L>=165mm
6 CIP Box Beams 0.045L 0.040L
7 Precast I-Beams 0.045L 0.040L
8 Pedestrian Structure Beams 0.033L 0.030L
9 Adjacent Box Beams 0.030L 0.025L
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Codal Data (Requirement for the Design of Culverts)
F:\Standardization\Culverts\Design\Design Calculation\General Data.xls
0.875
F:\Standardization\Culverts\Design\Design Calculation\General Data.xls
SAP-2000 File Name and Path:
F:\Ishaq\Standards\Culverts\Design\SAP Files\
Design of Culvert No. C - Date:
Description Value Unit
Clear Span Length S mm
Effective Span Length S eff mm
Slab Thickness hs mm
Live Load causing max. effects LL
Base Course thickness h base mm
Asphaltic layer thickness h asphalt mm
Culvert Length L mm
SAP-2000 Results and Analysis
Min. area of steel for temperature and shrinkage As min in
2
Live load used are HL-93 & Millitary class-70 tank
1 Slab Positive Moments
a Moment relevant to main reinforcement Mu (main) K-ft/ft
Steel area provided As in
2
Design Moment (for Main direction steel) Md (main) K-ft/ft
Bar dia and Spacing used mm c/c
Factor of Safety FOS
b Moment relevant to secondary (temp) reinforcement Mu (main) K-ft/ft
Steel area provided As in
2
Design Moment (for temperature steel) Md (main) K-ft/ft
Bar dia and Spacing used mm c/c
Factor of Safety FOS
2 Slab Negative Moments
a Moment relevant to main reinforcement Mu (main) K-ft/ft
Steel area provided As in
2
Design Moment (for Mu main) Md (main) K-ft/ft
Bar dia and Spacing used mm c/c
Factor of Safety FOS
b Moment relevant to secondary (temp) reinforcement Mu (main) K-ft/ft
Steel area provided As in
2
Design Moment (for Mu main) Md (main) K-ft/ft
Bar dia and Spacing used mm c/c
Factor of Safety FOS
3 Beam Flexure Design
a Moment relevant to main reinforcement Mu (main) K-ft/ft
Min Steel Area As min in
2
Steel area provided As in
2
Design Moment (for main steel) Md (main) K-ft/ft
Bar dia and Spacing used mm c/c
Factor of Safety FOS
4 Beam Shear Design
a Applied Shear Vu Kips
Concrete resistance fVc Kips
Provided Shear reinforcement S max mm c/c
F:\Ishaq\Standards\Culverts\Design\Design Calculation\Culvert Data(General)), Design Proforma.xls
Beams Moments and Shear
Description
+ve Moment
Kip-ft
-ve Moment
Kip-ft
Shear (Kips)
A Foundation Level
1 Radial Beams 25 46.26 8.88
2 Periphral Beam 35 65.3 4.86
B Tie Beam Level, 22' above Foundation
1 Periphral Beam 9.1 20.9 3.47
C Floor Level, 32' above Foundation
1 Radial Beams 240 436 11.56
2 Periphral Beam 51 67 55.9
D Floor Level, 54' above Foundation
1 Radial Beams 232 441 11.56
2 Periphral Beam 50 65.3 55.73
E Floor Level, 65' above Foundation
1 Radial Beams 229.7 459 7.68
2 Periphral Beam 50 65.9 56.6
Dome Beams 12.11 20.68
Stirrups
+Ve -Ve
4,dia20 4,dia20 f10 @ 250
4,dia20 4,dia20 f10 @ 250
4,dia16 4,dia16 f10 @ 250
4,dia20 4,dia20
4,dia20 4,dia20
4,dia20 4,dia20
Main Steel