INNOVATIVE LESSON

TEMPLATE


Submitted By :
RESHMA B
PHYSICAL SCIENCE
Reg. No. 13982016
Name of the Teacher : Reshma .B Date : 16.09.2014
Name of the School : SKVVHSS ,Thrikkannamangal Std : IX
Subject : Chemistry Strength : 20
Unit : Separation of mixture Dur : 40 mts
Topic : Fractional Distillation
Curricular statement
To get an awareness about the content fractional distillation through discussion,
observation, experiments to evaluate through group discussion and asking question

Content analysis
 Fractional distillation
 Fractionating column
Facts
 Ethanol and Methanol are two immiscible solvents
 Fractional distillation is the process by which components in a chemical mixture are
separated according to their different boiling point.
 Crude oil is an example for fractional distillation
 The components of crude oil are petrol,diesel,kerosene
 Ammonia is manufactured by combining nitrogen and hydrogen
 Nitrogen is obtained by separating it from air
 The components of air can be separated by using fractional distillation
Concepts
 The concept of Fractional distillation
Definitions
 Fractional Distillation is the process by which components in a chemical mixture are
separated according to their different boiling points

Learning Outcomes
Enables the pupil to develop
Remembering
 Identifying the different examples for Fractional Distillation
 Recalling the nature of mixture
Understanding
 Understanding the facts and concepts related to Fractional Distillation
 Explain the technique of Fractional Distillation
Applying
 Applying the attained knowledge in new situations
 Implementing the idea of Fractional Distillation in various situations
Analysing
 Focusing the concept of Fractional Distillation
Evaluating
 Testing the nature of Fractional Distillation
Creating
 Designing an experimental set up for Fractional Distillation
Scientific Attitude
 By showing curiosity towards Fractional Distillation
Process Skills
The pupil develop process skills like
 Observing the experiments related to Fractional Distillation
 Experimenting skill through doing various experiments
 Handling apparatus through doing experiments


Prerequisites
 Pupil knows about different mixtures
Teaching Learning Resources
Apparatus and Materials
 Round bottom flask
 Fractionating column
 Contents
 Stand
 Candle
Chemicals
 Ethanol
 Methanol
 Crude oil
Models and Charts
 Picture of Fractional Distillation
 Images of video Fractional Distillation
 Picture of Separation of Crude oil
 Chart of separation of Components in air
Reference
 Science text book of 9
th
std by SCERT
 Teacher’s hand book



Classroom Interaction Procedure

Expected
Pupil
responds
Preparation



Friendly talk with the Teacher and the Student.

Do you heard about Ethanol & Methanol

Do you Know what is the boiling point of Ethanol & Methanol

The boiling point of Ethanol is 78.29
0
c

Methanol boiling point is 64.7
0
c

Is there any difference in their boiling point

How can the component of liquids be separated if there is only a small difference
in their boiling point

Now we are learning more about the technique

Presentation
The students is divided into different groups

Activity-1

Teacher shows a picture of an equipment for the separation of Ethanol &
Methanol







Yes


No





A small
difference



We don’t
know

































Conclusion

Ethanol & Methanol are Completely miscible liquids, they have only small
difference in their boiling points

Activity 2

Teacher Shows images of a video of the Fractional Distillation




Discussion Points

 What is fractional distillation

Conclusion

When the vapours of the mixture pass through the fractionating column, due to
the repeated condensation and evaporation. The vapours of Methanol ,with a
lower boiling point first passes out of the fractionating column, contents and get
collected in the conical flasks after this, Ethanol which has a slidely higher boiling
point can be collected in similar fashion in another flask. If there are more than
two components in the mixture, they can also be separated on the basis of the
increasing order of their boiling points. This method is called Fractional
distillation


Small
difference

Fractional
Distillation










The process
by which
components
in a chemical
mixture are
separated
according to
their
different
boiling points


















Discussion Points
 Is there any difference between the boiling point of Ethanol &
Methanol
 What is the name of this techniques

Discussion Points
What is fractional distillation
 What is fractional distillation

Activity 3

Teacher shows a chart for the definition of fractional distillation

Fractional Distillation
A process by which components in a chemical mixture are separated
according to their different boiling points


Activity 4
Teacher shows the picture of the separation of Crude oil










Conclusion

Crude oil can be separated by using fractional distillation

Activity 5
Teachers shows a chart for the separation of different components in air


The students
watching the
Chart












It is a mixture
of liquid
hydrocarbons
,petrol,
diesel,
keroscene
etc




















Discussion Points

 What is a crude oil ?

 What is the components of crude oil?



Review questions
What is fractional distillation?

Follow up activity
Find out more examples of situation in which fractional distillation are used and not
down in your science diary










Conclusion

The lowest boiling point component obtained first. The highest boiling
point component obtained last.


Oxygen
Nitrogen
Discussion Points
 Which Component has the highest boiling point
 Which on has the lowest?