EEE 534 Network Management

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Syllabus
Unit -I: Fundamentals of Computer Network Technology ch 2
Network Topology, LAN, Network node components- ubs, !r"dges, #outers, $ateways,
Sw"tc%es, &AN, ' S(N Transm"ss"on Tec%nology, )ommun"cat"ons protocols and standards
Unit-II: Network Management pplications !FC"#$- ch %%
)on*"gurat"on management, +ault management, ,er*ormance management, E-ent )orrelat"on
Tec%n".ues secur"ty Management, Account"ng management, #eport Management, ,ol"cy
!ased Management Ser-"ce Le-el Management
Unit-III: &#I Network Management ch'
/S' Network management model -/rgan"0at"onal Model-'n*ormat"on model, commun"cat"on
model1 Abstract Synta2 Notat"on - Encod"ng structure, Macros +unct"onal model )M',3)M'S
Unit-I(: Internet Management !#NM" (%) (2) ('*$ ch +-,
SNM,- /rgan"0at"onal model-System /-er-"ew, T%e "n*ormat"on model, commun"cat"on
model-+unct"onal model, SNM, pro2y ser-er, Management "n*ormat"on base 4M'!5, protocol
remote mon"tor"ng
Unit-(: Competing Networking Management protocols:
#emote Network Mon"tor"ng, Telecommun"cat"on Management Network, &eb based
Management - comparat"-e stud"es1
Te2t and #e*erence !ooks
Te-t .ooks:

61 Man" Subraman"an, 7Network Management ,r"nc"ples
and pract"ce 8, Add"son &esley New 9ork, :;;;1
/eference .ooks:

61 Sala% A""darous, T%omas ,le-ayk, 8Telecommun"cat"on
Network Management Tec%nolog"es and 'mplementat"ons 8,
Eastern Economy Ed"t"on 'EEE press, New (el%", 6<<=1

:1 Laks%m" $1 #aman, 7+undamentals o*
Telecommun"cat"on Network Management 8, Eastern
Economy Ed"t"on 'EEE ,ress, New (el%", 6<<<1
)%apter 6
Fundamentals of Computer Network
Technology
(ata )ommun"cat"ons

0ata communications deals w"t% t%e
transm"ss"on o* s"gnals "n a rel"able and
e**"c"ent manner1

>ar"ous aspects ? signal transmission,
transmission media, signal encoding,
interfacing, data link control, multiplexing etc.
A )ommun"cat"ons Model

,urpose o* )ommun"cat"ons

E2c%ange o* data 4"n*ormat"on5 between ent"t"es

@ey elements

Source

$enerates data to be transm"tted

Transm"tter

)on-erts data "nto transm"ttable s"gnals

Transm"ss"on System

)arr"es data

#ece"-er

)on-erts rece"-ed s"gnal "nto data

(est"nat"on

Takes "ncom"ng data
A )ommun"cat"ons Model
Network"ng

,o"nt to po"nt commun"cat"on "s not usually
pract"cal

(e-"ces are too *ar apart

Large set o* de-"ces would need "mpract"cal
number o* connect"ons

Solut"on "s a commun"cat"ons network

Local Area Network 4LAN5

Metropol"tan Area Network 4MAN5

&"de Area Network 4&AN5
Local Area Networks

Smaller scope

/**"ce, !u"ld"ng, )ampus

Asually owned by same organ"0at"on as
attac%ed de-"ces

(ata rates are %"g%

Et%ernet dom"nates t%e market

&"reless LAN "s now -ery popular
Metropol"tan Area Networks

Large area

M"ddle ground between LAN and &AN

,r"-ate or publ"c network

"g% speed
&"de Area Networks

)o-er a large geograp%"cal area

)ons"sts o* a set o* "nterconnected sw"tc%"ng nodes

Alternat"-e tec%nolog"es

)"rcu"t sw"tc%"ng

Telep%one network

,acket sw"tc%"ng

B1:5

+rame relay

Async%ronous Trans*er Mode 4ATM5

'nternet
("g"tal Network

+"-e 'mportant )omponents

Transm"ss"on 4electr"cal, opt"cal, w"reless5

#out"ng and Sw"tc%"ng

)"rcu"t sw"tc%"ng 4telep%one network5

,acket sw"tc%"ng

>"rtual-c"rcu"t 4B1:5, +rame #elay, ATM5

(atagram 4'nternet5

S"gnal"ng

Access

2(SL, )able Modem, &"+"3&"Ma2, LAN

Network Management
("g"tal Network
,rotocol Arc%"tecture

A protocol architecture "s t%e layered structure o*
%ardware and so*tware t%at supports t%e e2c%ange o*
data between systems and supports d"str"buted
appl"cat"ons, suc% as electron"c ma"l and *"le trans*er1

At eac% layer o* a protocol arc%"tecture, one or more
common protocols are "mplemented "n commun"cat"ng
systems1 Eac% protocol pro-"des a set o* rules *or t%e
e2c%ange o* data between systems1
/S' #e*erence Model

/S'? /pen System 'nterconnect"on

A C-layer model

Eac% layer per*orms a subset o* t%e re.u"red
commun"cat"on *unct"ons

Eac% layer rel"es on t%e ne2t lower layer to per*orm more
pr"m"t"-e *unct"ons

Eac% layer pro-"des ser-"ces to t%e ne2t %"g%er layer

)%anges "n one layer s%ould not re.u"re c%anges "n ot%er
layers
/S' #e*erence Model

Appl"cat"on? support"ng network
appl"cat"ons - +T,, SMT,, TT,, etc1

,resentat"on? %andle d"**erent data
representat"ons 4e1g1, encrypt"on5

Sess"on? connect"ons between apps

Transport? %ost-%ost - T),, A(,

Network? rout"ng o* datagrams *rom
source to dest - ',, rout"ng protocols

L"nk? data trans*er between adDacent
network elements - ,,,, Et%ernet

,%ys"cal? b"ts 7on t%e w"reE
Appl"cat"on 4C5
,resentat"on 4F5
Sess"on 455
Transport 445
Network 435
(ata l"nk 4:5
,%ys"cal 465
/S' Layers

,%ys"cal

,%ys"cal "nter*ace between de-"ces

Mec%an"cal

Electr"cal

+unct"onal

,rocedural

(ata L"nk

Means o* act"-at"ng, ma"nta"n"ng and deact"-at"ng a rel"able l"nk

Error detect"on and control

"g%er layers may assume error *ree transm"ss"on
/S' Layers

Network

Transport o* "n*ormat"on

"g%er layers do not need to know about underly"ng tec%nology

Not needed on d"rect l"nks

Transport

E2c%ange o* data between end systems

Error *ree

'n se.uence

No losses

No dupl"cates

Gual"ty o* ser-"ce
/S' Layers

Sess"on

)ontrol o* d"alogues between appl"cat"ons

("alogue d"sc"pl"ne

$roup"ng

#eco-ery

,resentat"on

(ata *ormats and cod"ng

(ata compress"on

Encrypt"on

Appl"cat"on

Means *or appl"cat"ons to access /S' en-"ronment
T),3', ,rotocol Arc%"tecture

(e-eloped by t%e AS (e*ense Ad-anced #esearc%
,roDect Agency 4(A#,A5 *or "ts packet sw"tc%ed
network 4A#,ANET5

Ased by t%e global 'nternet

No o**"c"al model but a work"ng one1

Appl"cat"on layer

Transport layer

'nternet layer 4or Network Layer5

Network access layer 4or L"nk Layer5

,%ys"cal layer
T),3', ,rotocol Arc%"tecture
,%ys"cal Layer

,%ys"cal "nter*ace between data transm"ss"on
de-"ce 4e1g1 computer5 and transm"ss"on
med"um or network

)%aracter"st"cs o* transm"ss"on med"um

S"gnal le-els

(ata rates

etc1
Network Access Layer

E2c%ange o* data between end system and
network

(est"nat"on address pro-"s"on

'n-ok"ng ser-"ces l"ke pr"or"ty
'nternet Layer

Systems may be attac%ed to d"**erent
networks

#out"ng *unct"ons across mult"ple networks

'mplemented "n end systems and routers
Transport Layer

Asually t%ere "s a re.u"rement o* rel"able
del"-ery o* data?

Error-*ree 4,ackets could be lost "n t%e
networkH5

/rder"ng o* del"-ery

T), "s ma"nly des"gned *or t%"s purpose1

Anot%er transport layer protocol "n T),3',
protocol arc%"tecture "s A(,1
Appl"cat"on Layer

Support *or user appl"cat"ons

e1g1 +T,, TELNET, SMT,, TT,, SNM,
T),3',
,rotocols
/S' -s1 T),3',
Network )omponents
ROUTER
Probe = Remote Monitor
WS = Workstation
PSTN = Public Switched Telephone
Network
NMS = Network Management System
= network links
= management links
PSTN
WAN
HUB
PROBE 2 WS 2 SERVER
PROBE 1
SWITCH 1
SWITCH 2
SUBNET 2
SUBNET 1
LAN
NMS
WS 1
10BASE2 Segment
Router
#epeater ub

#epeater "s a p%ys"cal layer de-"ce

Ampl"*"es t%e s"gnal

)an e2tend t%e lengt% o* t%e LAN

ub "s a repeater w"t% mult"ple '3/ ports

A p%ys"cal layer de-"ce

(emo network %as a %ub "n subnet :

Somet"mes called 7repeater %ubE

#epeaters and ubs work at ,%ys"cal layer1

T%e bandw"dt% "s s%ared by all attac%ed de-"ces1
#epeater ub? topology
#epeater ub? sc%emat"c
!r"dge and Sw"tc%

!r"dge "s a L"nk layer de-"ce

/nly *orwards *rame onto appropr"ate l"nk4s5

7TransparentE s"nce sel*-learn"ng

Somet"mes called 7br"dge %ubE

A sw"tc% "s a mult"port br"dge

So a sw"tc% "s a layer : de-"ce

'n 7sw"tc%ed Et%ernetE, can %a-e
s"multaneous comm1 between %osts on LAN
w"t%out coll"s"ons

Somet"mes called 7sw"tc% %ubE
!r"dge ub
Mult"port !r"dge ub
,er*ormance
•Some ma"n per*ormance metr"cs?
•Backplane bandwidth: measured in bps (bits per second)
•Forwarding capability: measured in pps (packets per second)
•Number of MA address
•631F $bps sw"tc%"ng *abr"c
•)"sco )atalyst :<55T-6:? F14 $bps ma2"mum *orward"ng bandw"dt%
•)"sco )atalyst :<55)-6:? :1= $bps ma2"mum *orward"ng bandw"dt%
4+orward"ng rates based on F4-byte packets5
•)"sco )atalyst :<55T-6:? 41= Mpps w"re speed *orward"ng rate
•)"sco )atalyst :<55)-6:? :1; Mpps w"re speed *orward"ng rate
•)on*"gurable up to =;;; MA) addresses
)"sco )atalyst
F5;; Ser"es
Sw"tc%es
,er*ormance

.ackplane .andwidth

3:-$bps s%ared bus

:5F-$bps sw"tc% *abr"c

C:;-$bps sw"tc% *abr"c

1ayer ' Forwarding "erformance

)"sco )atalyst F5;; Super-"sor Eng"ne 6A Mult"layer Sw"tc%
+eature )ard 4MS+):5? 65 Mpps

)atalyst F5;; Super-"sor Eng"ne : MS+):? up to :6; Mpps

)atalyst F5;; Super-"sor Eng"ne 3: MS+):a? 65 Mpps

)atalyst F5;; Super-"sor Eng"ne C:;? up to 4;; Mpps
', #outer

#outers

Layer 3 de-"ces

L"ke br"dges3sw"tc%es,
routers "solate coll"s"on
doma"ns

#outers also "solate
broadcast doma"ns

Routing tables use ',
address

+or small network, stat"c
table "s /@

+or larger network, use
#',, /S,+, etc1
#outer? +ramework
!us-based #outer
Sw"tc%-based
#outer
)"sco CF;; Ser"es
#outers
,er*ormance
Model ,23' ,232 ,234 ,2%'
#lots 3 F < 63
Forwarding
"erformance
65 Mpps 3; Mpps 3; Mpps 3; Mpps
.ackplane
Capacity
:4; $bps 4=; $bps C:; $bps C:; $bps
)"sco 6:;;; Ser"es
#outers
,er*ormance
Modle #witching Capacity
%25%2 61:= Tbps
%25%3 =;; $bps
%2+%2 3:; $bps
%2+%3 :;; $bps
%2+32 6:; $bps
%2+3+ =; $bps
%23%2 =; $bps
%23%3 5; $bps
%2332 3; $bps
Iun"perJs #outer
,lat*orm T%roug%put Ma2 +orward"ng #ate
T3:; 3:; $bps 3=5 Mpps
TF4; F4; $bps CC; Mpps
,robes

,robes

$at%er "n*ormat"on and
pass "t to 7management
stat"onE

Management stat"on
analy0es t%e network
tra**"c

,robe "s also called
7remote monitorE

'n demo network, ,robe 6
can mon"tor two segments
s"multaneously because "t
%as two mon"tor ports1

Also t%ere are so*tware-
based probes
#e*erences

I1 #"c%ard (urke, Network Management, Concepts and
Practice: A Handson Approac!, ,rent"ce all, :;;41

&"ll"am Stall"ngs, "ata and Computer Communications,
Ct% Ed"t"on, ,rent"ce all, :;;41

I1 +1 @urose and @1 &1 #oss, Computer Networking: A
#op"own Approac! $eaturing t!e %nternet, 3nd Ed"t"on,
,rent"ce all, :;;51

+red alsall, Computer Networking and t!e %nternet, 5t%
Ed"t"on, Add"son &esley, :;;51

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