# MATHEMATICS REFRESHER

1. Determine the normal length of the curve
0 1 32 2
2
= + − + y x x at a point where the
slope is 1.
a. 10 units
b. 9.13 units
c. 11.31 units
d. 8 units
2. The cost of the fuel per hour for running a
ship is proportional to the cube of the
speed and is P13!0 per hour when the
speed is 12 miles per hour. "ther costs
amount to P#\$00 per hour regardless of
the speed. %ind the speed that ma&es the
cost minimum.
a. 1# mph
b 12.8 mph
c. 1!mph
d. 20 mph
3. %ind the largest area of an isosceles
triangle with verte' at (02) that is
inscribed in the ellipse 36 9 4
2 2
= + y x .
a. #.3# s*. units
b. +.09 s*. units
c. +.+9
s*. units
d. !.20 s*. units
\$. , &ite at a height of #0 feet is moving
hori-ontall. at a rate of ! feet per second
awa. from the bo. who /ies it. 0ow fast is
the cord being released when 100 feet
are out1
a. 3.28 ft2s
b. 3 ft2s
c. \$.28 ft2s
d. \$ ft2s
!. , parabola with a'is parallel to the '3a'is
has its verte' at (00) opening to the
right. The latus rectum is \$. %ind the
ordinate of the center of curvature of the
curve at (12).
a. 3\$
b. 33
c. 32
d. 31
#. The sides of a triangle measuring \$0 m
32 m and 1# m increase at the rates 2
m2s ! m2s and 3 m2s respectivel.. %ind
the rate of change of area.
a. 102.0# s m /
2

b. 138.\$2 s m /
2
c. 113.#9 s m /
2
d. 12+.33 s m /
2
+. The velocit. of a particle along a straight
path is
2
3 4 t t v + + = where t is time of
travel is seconds and v in m2s. %rom the
start it travels 8 m in 1 second. %ind the
total distance it travels in 2 seconds.
a. 23.3 m
b. 2#.1 m
c. 29.+ m
d. 20.! m
8. %ind the radius of g.ration with respect
to the .3a'is of the area bounded b. the
curve y x 4
2
= the line 4 = x and the line
. 0 = y
a. \$.+
b. \$.1
c. 3.1
d. 3.+
9. %ind the volume generated b. rotating
the area in the third and fourth *uadrants
bounded b. the curve 900 36 25
2 2
= + y x
and the '3a'is about the '3a'is.
a. #28.3 cu. units
b. #02.\$ cu. 4nits
c. !+#.\$ cu. units
d. !!0.3 cu. units
10.%ind an e*uation of the curve that passes
through the point (0 1) and whose slope
at (x y) is xy.
a.
2
2 x
e y =
b.
2
2 y
e x =
c.
x
e y 2
2
=
d.
x
e y =
2
2
56T4,T6"7,8 P9":8;<5
5ituation 1= The di>erential e*uation of
famil. of circles is given b. the
e*uation
dy y dx x ) 3 ( ) 5 ( − = −
.
11.?hich of the following gives the e*uation
of the circle that passes through the point
(9#)1
a. 0 25 6 4
2 2
= + − − + y x y x
b. 0 9 10 6
2 2
= + − − + y x y x
c. 0 9 6 10
2 2
= + − − + y x y x
d. 0 25 4 6
2 2
= + − − + y x y x
12.The chords of the circle in the previous
problem have slopes of 2 and are
bisected b. its diameter. Determine the
e*uation of the diameter.
a.
11 2 = − y x
b.
11 2 = + y x
c.
11 2 = − y x
d.
11 2 = + y x
5ituation 2= ,n area is bounded b. the
parabola x y 4
2
= and the line
12 2 = − y x
.
13. ?hich of the following most earl.
gives the area bounded b. the parabola
and the line1
a. \$1.#+ s*. units
b. \$0.#+ s*. units
c. \$2.#+ s*. units
d. 39.#+ s*. units
1\$.?hich of the following gives the
coordinates of the centroid of the
bounded area1
a. (\$2)
b. (32)
c. (\$1)
d. (31)
1!.6f the area is rotated about the line
4 − = y
determine the volume generated.
a. 1309 cu. units
b. 1903 cu. units
c. 1390 cu. units
d. 1930 cu. units
5ituation 3= , bod. moves such that its
acceleration as a function of time is
1 2 3
2
+ + − = t t a where t is in seconds
and a is in
2
/ s m . ,fter 2 seconds its
velocit. is ! m2s and has traveled #0
m from its starting point.
1#.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the initial velocit. of the bod.1
a. + m2s
b. 8 m2s
c. # m2s
d. 9 m2s
1+.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the ma'imum velocit. of the bod.1
a. + m2s
b. 10 m2s
c. 9 m2s
d. 8 m2s
18.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the total distance traveled at its
ma'imum velocit.1
a. !2.92 m
b. \$!.33 m
c. \$0.19 m
d. 38.\$2 m
5ituation \$= , curve has a slope of 2 2 + = x m
at an. point on it.
19.6f the curve passes through the point
(212) determine the e*uation of the
curve.
a. 0 4 2
2
= + − + y x x
b. 0 16 4
2
= + − − y x x
c. 0 16 2 2
2
= + − + y x x
d. 0 28 2 4
2
= + − − y x x
20.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the tangent length of the curve at the
point (212)1
a. 11.32 units
b. 10.19 units
c. 12.1+ units
d. 13.#1 units
21.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the subnormal of the curve at the point
(212)1
a. +2 units
b. +\$ units
c. +# units
d. +8 units
5ituation != , tan& is in the form of a cone
with its top open. 6t can contain
3
1520 ft of water. (unit weight@#2.\$
pcf)
22.4sing the least amount of material
determine the ration of the height to its
diameter.
a. 0.#3
b. 0.+1
c. 0.++
d. 0.89
23.?ater /ows at the rate of min / 5
3
ft into
the same tan& which is initiall. empt..
?hen the tan& is full how fast is the
surface rising1
a. 0.011 ft2min
b. 0.013 ft2min
c. 0.021 ft2min
d. 0.01# ft2min
2\$.,t the instant the tan& is full the water
source is shut and then a pump is placed
on the top of the tan&. Determine the
wor& re*uired to pump all the li*uid inside
the tan&.
a. 30183+ ft3lb
b. 3833+0 ft3lb
c. 31083+ ft3lb
d. 3383+0 ft3lb
5ituation #= , curve has an e*uation
θ cos 6 = r .
2!.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the area enclosed b. the curve1
a. 12.!# s*. units
b. 28.2+ s*. units
c. !0.2+ s*. units
d. +8.!\$ s*. units
2#.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the perimeter of the curve1
a. 2!.13 units
b. 28.2+ units
c. 18.8! units
d. 21.99 units
2+.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the length of the curve from ° = 0 θ to
° = 60 θ 1
a. \$.+8 units
b. !.2\$ units
c. 3.2\$ units
d. #.28 units
5ituation += , parabola is given b. the
e*uation
2
2 x x y − = .
28.?hich of the following most nearl. gives
the curvature of the parabola at the point
(11)1