# 8.

0 APPENDIX

Purlin Design
Ref. Calculation Output
Eurocode Ref EN 1993 - Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structure

Specification
Assume purlin is simply supported unrestrained beam.S275 with
universal beam is chosen as purlin steel grade.
Purlin spacing, S
p
=2.0m
Trusses spacing, S
t
=4.0m
Area=S
p
x S
t

=2.0 x 4.0
=8.0 m
2

Roof material(Alumimium)=36.297 N/m
2

Roof insulation(Polystrene)=9.576 N/m
2

Purlin weight=7.1kg/m
Trusses weight =0.20kN/m
2

Dead load
Purlin weight=7.1x4.0/(4.0x1.32)
=1.775kg/m
2

=17.75 N/m
2

Dead load(on slope)=36.297+9.576+17.75
= 63.62N/m
2
= 0.064kN/m
2

Imposed Load
0.75 x cos 20°
=0.7048kN/m
2

Ultimate Limit State
Design action=1.35(0.064)+1.5(0.7048)
=1.14kN/m
2

Purlin design action
1.14 x 1.8=2.05kN/m

Dead load
=0.064kN/m
2

Imposed load
=0.7048 kN/m
2

ULS
=1.14kN/m
2

Shear force diagram
V
1
&V
2
=

2.05 x 4.0/2=4.10kN

Bending moment diagram
Maximum bending moment=

=

= 4.10kN.m

Shear force,V
ed

=4.10kN

Bending
moment,M
ed

=4.10kN.m

Trusses Design:
Ref Calculation Output

Dead load
Dead load =0.064 +0.20
=0.264kN/m
2

Imposed Load
Impose Load=0.7048kN/m
2

Ultimate Limit State
Design action=1.35(0.264)+1.5(0.7048)
=1.41kN/m
2

Design action on purlin supported by truss
Purlin spacing=2.0m
1.55x2.0=3.10kN/m
2

Design action on trusses
Purlin span=4.0m
3.10 x 4.0=12.40kN

Dead load
=0.264kN/m
2

Imposed load
=0.7048kN/m
2

ULS
=1.41kN/m
2

Point load
=12.40kN

Support Reaction
Shear force,V
a
&V
i
=

=

=49.60kN

Truss Analysis

Joint A:
Fy =0
-F
1a
(sin20˚) -6.20+49.6=0
F
1a
=126.89kN ( C)
Fx=0
F
ab
– 95.29 (cos20˚)=0

Supported
reaction=
49.60kN

F
ab
=89.5kN(T)

Joint B:
Fy =0
F
b1
=0
Fx=0
F
bc
-89.5kN=0
F
bc
=89.5kN (T)

Joint 1:
Fy =0
126.89(0.66/1.8) – 12.40 –F
21
(0.66/1.8) –F
1
c(0.66/1.8)=0
F
21
+F
1c
=93.38kN (eq 1)
Fx=0
126.89(1.8/2.0) –F
21
(1.8/2.0) +F
1c
(1.8/2.0)=0
F
21
=126.89+F
1c
(eq 2)
Substitute eq 2 into 1
F
1c
= -16.78kN(C)
F
21
=110.14kN (C)

Joint c:
Fy =0
-16.78 (0.66/2.0)+F
c2
=0
F
c2
=5.54kN(T)
Fx=0
16.78(1.8/2.0)-89.5+Fcd=0
F
cd
=74.4kN (T)

Joint 2:
Fy =0
(

)

(

)

(

)
-0.33F
32
+0.55F
d2
=-18.41(eq 1)
Fx=0
(

)

(

)

(

)
F
32
=(99.13-0.55F
d2
)/0.90(eq 2)

Substitute eq2 into eq1
F
d2
=23.92kN(C)
F
32
=95.53kN(C)

Joint d:
Fy =0
(

)

F
d3
=13.11kN(T)
Fx=0
(

)

F
de
=54.39kN (T)

Joint3:
Fy =0
(

)

(

)

(

)
0.33F
43
-0.74F
e3
=6.01 (eq1)
Fx=0
(

)

(

)

(

)
0.90F
43
+0.67F
e3
=85.98(eq 2)
Substuite eq 1 into 2
F
e3
=26.03kN( C)
F
43
=76.16kN(T)

Joint 4:
Fy =0
(

)

(

)
F
5e
-0.33F
45
= -12.73kN
Fx=0
(

)

(

)
F45=76.16kN (C)
F5e=12.40kN (T)

Ref Calculation
Tension member:
Highest tension
F1a=89.5kN (T)

Try 100 x100 x8 single angle tie connected two 20 diameter bolts

= (100-20) 8 +100x8=1440mm
2

≈1550mm
2

Flange thickness less than 16mm,

Design plastic resistance

Design ultimate resistance

Compression Member
Highest compression,
126.89 kN (C)

Try 203x133x30 UB S275
Section properties
h =203.2 mm b =101.8 mm d =169.4 mm
t
w
= 5.4 mm t
f
=9.3 mm d/ t
w
= 31.37
I
z
=2896cm
4
I =25.6 mm I
w
=0.037dm
6

r = 7.6 mm A =29.4 cm
2
W
pl,y
=94.1 cm
3

C = (b-t
w
-2r)/2
= (101.8-5.4-(2*7.6))/2
= 40.6
c/ t
f
= (40.6/5.4)
= 4.37
Output
Section Classification
Flange thickness ≤16mm, f
y
= 275 N/mm
2

(

)

= 0.92

Flange:
c/ t
f
= 4.37≤9Ɛ

Web:
d/ t
w
= 31.37≤72Ɛ
≤72Ɛ therefore no need to check shear buckling

Compression resistance

Truss beam

Design action on beam
Beam Self Weight S275= 30kg/m
Design self weight = 1.35(30 x9.81)
= 397.305N/m
= 0.40kN/m
Beam analysis
Support reaction

(

⁄ )

Shear force diagram

At x=0m
V=50.4-49.6
= 0.8kN
At x= 2.0m
V=0.8-0.4(2.0)
= 0
At x = 4.0m
V=0-0.4(2.0)
= -0.8kN

Bending moment diagram
Maximum bending moment=

= (0.4(4²))/8
= 0.8 kN.m

Try 203x133x30, UB S275

Section properties
h =203.2 mm b =101.8 mm d =169.4 mm

t
w
= 5.4 mm t
f
=9.3 mm d/ t
w
= 31.37
I
z
=2896cm
4
I =25.6 mm I
w
=0.037dm
6

r = 7.6 mm A =29.4 cm
2
W
pl,y
=94.1 cm
3

C = (b-t
w
-2r)/2
= (101.8-5.4-(2*7.6))/2
= 40.6
c/ t
f
= (40.6/5.4)
= 4.37

Section Classification
Flange thickness ≤16mm, f
y
= 275 N/mm
2

(

)

= 0.92

Flange:
c/ t
f
= 4.37≤9Ɛ

Web:
d/ t
w
= 31.37≤72Ɛ
≤72Ɛ therefore no need to check shear buckling

Shear:

= 196.57kN