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0 APPENDIX

Purlin Design

Ref. Calculation Output

Eurocode Ref EN 1993 - Eurocode 3: Design of Steel Structure

Specification

Assume purlin is simply supported unrestrained beam.S275 with

universal beam is chosen as purlin steel grade.

Purlin spacing, S

p

=2.0m

Trusses spacing, S

t

=4.0m

Area=S

p

x S

t

=2.0 x 4.0

=8.0 m

2

Roof material(Alumimium)=36.297 N/m

2

Roof insulation(Polystrene)=9.576 N/m

2

Purlin weight=7.1kg/m

Trusses weight =0.20kN/m

2

Dead load

Purlin weight=7.1x4.0/(4.0x1.32)

=1.775kg/m

2

=17.75 N/m

2

Dead load(on slope)=36.297+9.576+17.75

= 63.62N/m

2

= 0.064kN/m

2

Imposed Load

0.75 x cos 20°

=0.7048kN/m

2

Ultimate Limit State

Design action=1.35(0.064)+1.5(0.7048)

=1.14kN/m

2

Purlin design action

1.14 x 1.8=2.05kN/m

Dead load

=0.064kN/m

2

Imposed load

=0.7048 kN/m

2

ULS

=1.14kN/m

2

Shear force diagram

V

1

&V

2

=

2.05 x 4.0/2=4.10kN

Bending moment diagram

Maximum bending moment=

=

= 4.10kN.m

Shear force,V

ed

=4.10kN

Bending

moment,M

ed

=4.10kN.m

Trusses Design:

Ref Calculation Output

Dead load

Dead load =0.064 +0.20

=0.264kN/m

2

Imposed Load

Impose Load=0.7048kN/m

2

Ultimate Limit State

Design action=1.35(0.264)+1.5(0.7048)

=1.41kN/m

2

Design action on purlin supported by truss

Purlin spacing=2.0m

1.55x2.0=3.10kN/m

2

Design action on trusses

Purlin span=4.0m

3.10 x 4.0=12.40kN

Dead load

=0.264kN/m

2

Imposed load

=0.7048kN/m

2

ULS

=1.41kN/m

2

Point load

=12.40kN

Support Reaction

Shear force,V

a

&V

i

=

∑

=

=49.60kN

Truss Analysis

Joint A:

Fy =0

-F

1a

(sin20˚) -6.20+49.6=0

F

1a

=126.89kN ( C)

Fx=0

F

ab

– 95.29 (cos20˚)=0

Supported

reaction=

49.60kN

F

ab

=89.5kN(T)

Joint B:

Fy =0

F

b1

=0

Fx=0

F

bc

-89.5kN=0

F

bc

=89.5kN (T)

Joint 1:

Fy =0

126.89(0.66/1.8) – 12.40 –F

21

(0.66/1.8) –F

1

c(0.66/1.8)=0

F

21

+F

1c

=93.38kN (eq 1)

Fx=0

126.89(1.8/2.0) –F

21

(1.8/2.0) +F

1c

(1.8/2.0)=0

F

21

=126.89+F

1c

(eq 2)

Substitute eq 2 into 1

F

1c

= -16.78kN(C)

F

21

=110.14kN (C)

Joint c:

Fy =0

-16.78 (0.66/2.0)+F

c2

=0

F

c2

=5.54kN(T)

Fx=0

16.78(1.8/2.0)-89.5+Fcd=0

F

cd

=74.4kN (T)

Joint 2:

Fy =0

(

)

(

)

(

√

)

-0.33F

32

+0.55F

d2

=-18.41(eq 1)

Fx=0

(

)

(

)

(

√

)

F

32

=(99.13-0.55F

d2

)/0.90(eq 2)

Substitute eq2 into eq1

F

d2

=23.92kN(C)

F

32

=95.53kN(C)

Joint d:

Fy =0

(

√

)

F

d3

=13.11kN(T)

Fx=0

(

√

)

F

de

=54.39kN (T)

Joint3:

Fy =0

(

)

(

)

(

√

)

0.33F

43

-0.74F

e3

=6.01 (eq1)

Fx=0

(

)

(

)

(

√

)

0.90F

43

+0.67F

e3

=85.98(eq 2)

Substuite eq 1 into 2

F

e3

=26.03kN( C)

F

43

=76.16kN(T)

Joint 4:

Fy =0

(

)

(

)

F

5e

-0.33F

45

= -12.73kN

Fx=0

(

)

(

)

F45=76.16kN (C)

F5e=12.40kN (T)

Ref Calculation

Tension member:

Highest tension

F1a=89.5kN (T)

Try 100 x100 x8 single angle tie connected two 20 diameter bolts

**= (100-20) 8 +100x8=1440mm
**

2

≈1550mm

2

Flange thickness less than 16mm,

Design plastic resistance

Design ultimate resistance

Compression Member

Highest compression,

126.89 kN (C)

Try 203x133x30 UB S275

Section properties

h =203.2 mm b =101.8 mm d =169.4 mm

t

w

= 5.4 mm t

f

=9.3 mm d/ t

w

= 31.37

I

z

=2896cm

4

I =25.6 mm I

w

=0.037dm

6

r = 7.6 mm A =29.4 cm

2

W

pl,y

=94.1 cm

3

C = (b-t

w

-2r)/2

= (101.8-5.4-(2*7.6))/2

= 40.6

c/ t

f

= (40.6/5.4)

= 4.37

Output

Section Classification

Flange thickness ≤16mm, f

y

= 275 N/mm

2

(

)

⁄

= 0.92

Flange:

c/ t

f

= 4.37≤9Ɛ

Web:

d/ t

w

= 31.37≤72Ɛ

≤72Ɛ therefore no need to check shear buckling

Compression resistance

Truss beam

Design action on beam

Beam Self Weight S275= 30kg/m

Design self weight = 1.35(30 x9.81)

= 397.305N/m

= 0.40kN/m

Beam analysis

Support reaction

∑

∑

(

⁄ )

**Shear force diagram
**

At x=0m

V=50.4-49.6

= 0.8kN

At x= 2.0m

V=0.8-0.4(2.0)

= 0

At x = 4.0m

V=0-0.4(2.0)

= -0.8kN

Bending moment diagram

Maximum bending moment=

= (0.4(4²))/8

= 0.8 kN.m

Try 203x133x30, UB S275

Section properties

h =203.2 mm b =101.8 mm d =169.4 mm

t

w

= 5.4 mm t

f

=9.3 mm d/ t

w

= 31.37

I

z

=2896cm

4

I =25.6 mm I

w

=0.037dm

6

r = 7.6 mm A =29.4 cm

2

W

pl,y

=94.1 cm

3

C = (b-t

w

-2r)/2

= (101.8-5.4-(2*7.6))/2

= 40.6

c/ t

f

= (40.6/5.4)

= 4.37

Section Classification

Flange thickness ≤16mm, f

y

= 275 N/mm

2

(

)

⁄

= 0.92

Flange:

c/ t

f

= 4.37≤9Ɛ

Web:

d/ t

w

= 31.37≤72Ɛ

≤72Ɛ therefore no need to check shear buckling

Shear:

√

√

= 196.57kN

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