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© 2014 IBM Corporation
Installing VIOS …
as easy as
H.M.C.
Jyoti Dodhia
jyoti_dodhia@uk.ibm.com
2 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Agenda
• What is Virtual I/O Server?
• Why use it?
• Current method of installation
• New easier install via HMC GUI
• Useful resources
• What else is new?
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3 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Virtual I/O Server – What?
• What is VIOS?
– Appliance - runs in a partition on a POWER6/7 server or blade
– Provides virtual resources to AIX, Linux, and IBM i (i7.1/i6.1) client partitions
– Facilitates sharing of physical I/O resources between partitions
– Core function is virtual I/O: disks, tape, optical, Ethernet
– VIOS packaged in PowerVM
– Advanced functions (Suspend/Resume, LPM, AMS, NPIV, etc)
– Two Virtual I/O Server partitions recommended to provide redundancy
– Partitions can have a mix of physical and virtual resources
• Except blades/PureFlex, and certain functions e.g. LPM
4 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Virtual I/O Server – Why?
• Why use VIOS?
– Benefits of virtualisation
Increased utilisation
+
Improved service
+
Improved flexibility
=
Reduced costs (hardware, floor space, energy, licensing)
– Faster response to changing business need – flexible
infrastructure
– Foundation for future
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5 © 2013 IBM Corporation
To VIOS or not to VIOS…
• It depends!
• VIOS not usually the best match with IBM i when
– Using only internal disks
– Only running a single partition
• VIOS is often a good match with IBM i when
– There are many partitions
– Multiple operating system environments e.g. IBM i and AIX / Linux
– Creating/deleting partitions often e.g. for testing
– Requirement to attach to certain external storage (wider range supported via VIOS
than direct attach)
• If all partitions to run IBM i only
– Consider strategy, advanced functionality requirements, etc
– Is VIOS still best option?
– Is IBM i hosting IBM i sufficient?
• There are always exceptions to above
6 © 2013 IBM Corporation
External Storage
• Wider range of external storage supported
with VIOS than with native IBM i attach
• What is supported?
– IBM i POWER External Storage Support Matrix Summary
• http://www-03.ibm.com/support/techdocs/atsmastr.nsf/WebIndex/PRS4563
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7 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Installing VIOS
• Current install method
– A bit alien if you don’t have AIX experience ...
8 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Install via SMS
• Create a partition for VIOS
• Activate the partition
• Select SMS for Boot mode
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And then…
• Press 0 to select console
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Next…
• Type 1 for SMS Menu
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And so on…
And so on…..
12 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Easier Install via HMC GUI
• HMC enhancement
– V7R7.7.0 SP1
• Readme - http://www-
933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/firmware/readme?fixid=MH01343#e
nhance
• “Add a GUI enhancement for the installation of VIOS, allowing the
user to install the Virtual I/O Server and managing Virtual I/O Server
images using a GUI interface.”
– SP2 recommended
• See AIXpert blog entry:
• https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/community/blogs/aixpert/entry
/upgrading_to_hmc_v7r770_upgrade_to_service_pack_2_immediat
ely?lang=en
– InfoCenter
• http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/powersys/v3r1m5/topic/p7hb1/iphb
1_vios_configuring_installhmc_dvd.htm
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13 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Let’s begin with HMC
14 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Create partition profile
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Activate the VIOS partition
16 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Activating the VIOS partition
Notice that the ‘Open a terminal window’
checkbox is greyed out
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17 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Installing from Local Repository
NIM Server IP
Address is the ip
address of the
HMC.
Here the image
VIOS_V2.2.2 has
been previously
imported
Assumes you will boot over the network as the
install image is on HMC – need to ensure that
networking is setup correctly
18 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Import install image from HMC’s DVD or
remote NFS or SFTP server
If you click on Import, you have following options :
HMC’s DVD drive
Remote NFS server
Remote SFTP server
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19 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Or via HMC Management task…
20 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Local Repository example
If you desire to change adapter setting,
click Advanced first (when you get back to
this screen, the values seems to be
blanked out again, and you have to re-fill!)
If you desire to change adapter setting,
click Advanced first (when you get back to
this screen, the values seems to be
blanked out again, and you have to re-fill!)
If you desire to change adapter setting,
click Advanced first (when you get back to
this screen, the values seems to be
blanked out again, and you have to re-fill!)
If you desire to change adapter setting,
click Advanced first (when you get back to
this screen, the values seems to be
blanked out again, and you have to re-fill!)
If you desire to change adapter setting,
click Advanced first (when you get back to
this screen, the values seems to be
blanked out again, and you have to re-fill!)
If you desire to change adapter setting,
click Advanced first (when you get back to
this screen, the values seems to be
blanked out again, and you have to re-fill!)
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21 © 2013 IBM Corporation
VIOS ip settings
Enter the ip information for the
VIOS server – this will be used
to configure networking on the
VIOS server as part of the
install…and click OK
22 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Install process begins…
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23 © 2013 IBM Corporation
And progresses…
24 © 2013 IBM Corporation
The screen auto-refreshes!
Hint:
For better scrollable
view - click on the
‘bookmark’ star – this
bookmarks the page.
Open browser and go
to that recently
bookmarked page
OR
ssh into the HMC and
check
/var/log/nimol.log
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25 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Easy to scroll and manually refresh
26 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Usually…
• Auto-selects disk to install VIOS to
– hdisk0 usually
– proceeds without user interaction
• In my test a problem with hdisk0
– So then you need to open a terminal window
and follow the prompts to select a disk
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27 © 2013 IBM Corporation
As hdisk0 was not available…
Select the disk to install to…
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Install progresses…
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29 © 2013 IBM Corporation
And completes
Login prompt
30 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Installing from DVD
Can also install from
the HMC’s DVD drive
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31 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Installing from DVD
32 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Insert next DVD…
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33 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Installing from DVD
Install
continues
as before
34 © 2013 IBM Corporation
And completes
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35 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Resources
• HMC V7R7.7.0 SP1
– Readme:
– http://www-933.ibm.com/support/fixcentral/firmware/readme?fixid=MH01343#enhance
• SP2 recommended
– See AIXpert blog entry:
– https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/community/blogs/aixpert/entry/upgrading_to_hmc_v7r770
_upgrade_to_service_pack_2_immediately?lang=en
• InfoCenter
– http://pic.dhe.ibm.com/infocenter/powersys/v3r1m5/topic/p7hb1/iphb1_vios_configuring_installh
mc_dvd.htm
• AIXchange
– VIOS Installation via GUI, Rob McNelly
– http://ibmsystemsmag.blogs.com/aixchange/2013/05/vios-installation-via-gui.html
• PowerITPro
– How to install VIO Server from the HMC GUI, Glenn Robinson
– http://poweritpro.com/blog/how-install-vio-server-hmc-
gui?elq=e8d2069ad6a04951ac5fc14f4a1247c5
© 2012 IBM Corporation
Power Systems Technical Webinar Series
Sessions:
#1: Exploiting Virtualisation on IBM Power Systems with PowerVM
#2: VIOS - how to get going
#3: Controlling processor resources in virtualised partitions
#4: Deeper dive into Active Memory Sharing
#5: Virtualisation Best Practices
#6: Deeper dive into Shared Storage Pools and Thin Provisioning
#7: Virtualisation and the world of 10Gbit Ethernet
#8: Deeper dive into Active Memory Expansion
#9: VIOS maintenance
#10: Active Memory Deduplication
#11: IBM i Suspend/Resume
#12: Dual VIOS Upgrade walk-through
#13: Shared Storage Pools ... from Experience
#14: IBM i Live Partition Mobility
#15: Capture and Deploy partitions
#16: Virtual Partition Manager for IBM i
#17&18: Updating Power Systems, I/O and HMC
#19&20: Power7 Affinity and Performance
#21: Power Advisors (VIOS, LPAR and Java)
#22: PowerSC – What/Why/How
#23: Dynamic Platform Optimizer (DPO)
#24: Removable Disk Cartridge (RDX) on Removable Mass Storage
(RMS)
#25: Electronic Service Agent
#26: Active and Dynamic Systems Optimizer (ASO/DSO)
#27: Shared Storage Pools Phase 3
#28: Whole POWER Machine Monitoring
#29: Monitoring POWER/AIX/VIO with IBM Tivoli Monitoring
#30: Tricks of the Power Masters
#31: External Storage and IBM i – sizing/modelling
#32: Power Systems Configuration Best Practices
#33: Shared Storage Pools Phase4
#34: PowerVP
Plus more planned…
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@JyotiDodhia
A series of technical webinars on Power Systems (including virtualisation):
Informal
Usually about an hour each
Many include demos
Aimed at:
Technical audience - operators, systems administrators and technical specialists
Those using / planning to use IBM's Power based systems
Customers / Business Partners / IBMers
UK & Ireland audience initially, but spread to other countries
More info, replays, and registration at:
http://tinyurl.com/PowerSystemsTechnicalWebinars
or send an email to jyoti_dodhia@uk.ibm.com
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© 2012 IBM Corporation
Power Systems Technical hands-on sessions
A series of technical hands-on sessions on Power Systems (including virtualisation):
Informal one-day
Chance to try out and see for yourself
Various topics
Aimed at:
Technical audience - operators, systems administrators and technical specialists
Those using / planning to use IBM's Power based systems
IBM’s Customers in UK & Ireland
Sessions:
VIOS for You and i – Jan and Feb full!
More to follow…
Register your interest:
http://tinyurl.com/IBMPowerHandsOn or send email to jyoti_dodhia@uk.ibm.com
38 © 2013 IBM Corporation
What else is new?
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39 © 2013 IBM Corporation
PowerVC 1.2 - Virtualization Center
• VM capture & deploy tool and more
• Based on OpenStack
• GA - 6
th
December 2013
• PowerVC Initial Thoughts
– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DngP6NH5vLA
• PowerVC 1.1 Hands-On Video (9 min)
– https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ug-OobzmSEQ
• Virtual Machines it will control
– Linux on Power RHEL and SLES
– AIX 6 & AIX 7
– Statement of direction for IBM i
40 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Key functions
Life cycle of POWER virtual machines
• Register resources – HMC, CEC, storage, VIOS, …
– Stateless - gathers information live
• Capture VM OS image
• Deploy images to a VM based on templates
• Start / Stop VM
• Resize DLPAR
• Add new disks
• Migrate LPM
• Monitor and ….
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41 © 2013 IBM Corporation
https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/servicemanagement/cvm/pvc/index.html
42 © 2013 IBM Corporation
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43 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Pre-Requisites
• PowerVC runs on
– Power Server running Red Hat RHEL 6.4
– x86 running Red Hat RHEL 6.4
– You are responsible for sourcing, licensing and S/W maintenance
of RHEL
• Virtual Machines it will control
– Linux on Power RHEL and SLES
– AIX 6 & AIX 7
– Statement of direction for IBM i
• Hardware
– POWER7 or POWER7+
– PowerVC Standard Edition also covers POWER6/6+
– Power Server or PureFlex Foundation (build to order) node
= which is not FSM controlled i.e. using IVM or HMC
44 © 2013 IBM Corporation
Pricing
Pricing Stand Alone
– PowerVC Express Edition is
$60 per managed core for
small tier machines controlled by IVM
– PowerVC Standard Edition is
$80 / $120 /$160 per managed core for
small/medium/large machines controlled by HMC
PowerVC will be included in
– SWMA for SmartCloud Entry Bundle in Power (5765-SB3)
– SWMA for AIX Enterprise Edition
– SWMA for System Director VMControl
– SWMA for System Director Standard Edition or Enterprise
Edition
SWMA = Software Maintenance
These are List prices are US Dollars on 8
th
Oct 2013.
They may be different in other countries or not available.
Please ask your IBM Representative for a quote in your country.
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45 © 2013 IBM Corporation
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