Wireless Power Transfer Technology for Electric Bus and Train

17
th
September 2014
KAI ST OLEV(On-line Electric Vehicle) Transport
System
Selected as one of the World’s Top 10 Emerging
Technology of 2013 at the World Economic
Forum(WEF) in Davos
Selected as one of the
World’s Best
Inventions of 2010 by
the American weekly
news magazine, Time
2
I. Overview of KAIST OLEV Transport System
Ⅱ. OLEV Bus Technology
Ⅴ. Future Challenges and Expected Effects
-3-
-6-
-23-
Ⅲ. OLEV Train Technology -14-
Ⅳ. Key R&D Achievements -18-
3






Battery Problems
Weight
Price
Volume
Mileage






Charging Problems
Charging time
Efficiency
Safety concerns
User convenience
Environmental
pollution
(C0
2
Emission
Regulation)
Need for developing
EV
Limitations to
Commercialization
Breakthrough
research for
overcoming the
limitations
Exhaustion of
oil resource
4
January_ 29
th
Research Planning by National Science and Technology Council
May_ R&D fund support by Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
November_ Time magazine’s 2010 Best Inventions
March_ Completion ceremony of Seoul Grand Park pilot test system
April_ R&D fund support by Ministry of Knowledge and Economy
November_ R&D fund support by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (1
st
year)
July_ OLEV tram commercial operation at Seoul Grand Park
September_ Establishing companies in order to promote domestic and foreign commercialization
* Domestic: OLEV Co., LTd (September 2011) / Overseas: OLEV Tech (March 2011)
2009
2010
2011
May-August_ Demonstration operation for OLEV bus in Expo 2012 Yeosu Korea
September_ Certification of power infrastructure and OLEV bus
Demonstration operation for OLEV Bus at KAIST campus
2012
October_ R&D fund support by Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs (2
nd
year)

February_ The top 10 emerging technologies 2013 by World Economic Forum
August_ Demonstration operation of OLEV bus in Gumi City area
2013 June_ Demonstration of 60kHz SMFIR technology with its application to catenary-free trams (200 kW)
March_ Demonstration of 60kHz SMFIR Technology with its application to high speed train(1 MW)
Commercial operation of OLEV bus in Gumi City area

2014
5
6 6
Power collection with high transmission
efficiency installed at vehicle underbody
Business-competitive under-
road power supply
Reduced capacity to 1/3~1/5
of BEV battery
Power Inverter
3phase
440V/60Hz
200A
20kHz
Powered Track
Pick-up System
Battery
7
•Acquisition of core technology :
SMFIR(Shaped Magnetic Field in Resonance)

•The SMFIR is “Shaped Magnetic Field in Resonance”
technology, which safely delivers high amounts of energy to
an electric vehicle while it is stationary or in motion.
Source Current
Magnetic flux B
(travels through air)
Generate
Voltage
Amperes
law
Faradays law
(induction)
8
Power inverter
•Generate high-frequency
current
•High-efficiency resonant
control
Road embedded
power line
•Meet safety standards for
EMF
Pickup module
•Installed under vehicle
•Contactless power transfer
Regulator
•Battery charge or motor
driving
•Charging while stopping or
driving
9
Source Acceleration Constant driving Deceleration Destination
Driving
mode
Charging while
stopping
Charging while
driving
Battery powered
Regenerative
braking
Charging while
stopping
Features
- Installation ratio of power supply line is below 20%
- Power loss is minimized by applying segmentation control technology to power supply lines
- Solving EMF safety concerns
- No extra time is required for recharging battery because of real time wireless charging
- Safe and convenient charging
10
11
12
< The power supply and pickup system
implemented in laboratory>
< Output powers, power loss, and power
transfer efficiency as functions
of pickup current >
급/집전 장치
Power Inverter
( Eff. 96% )
Embedded Rail
( Eff. 95%)
Pickup Module
( Eff. 90%)
Regulator
( Eff. 98%)
Power Eff.
80.1%
Input
125kW
Output 100kW
(Eff. 80%)
Power Efficiency and loss of Each Part
13
Bus Layout
Components in Bus – Pickup Module : 5, Rectifier : 5,
Regulator : 1
< The KAIST OLEV Electric Bus >
14
15
◈ Design Requirements for OLEV Train
- Developed 60kHz wireless charging technology for high-capacity,
high-efficiency and low-cost
- Air gap : 7cm
Power transfer efficiency : above 85 %
Rated regulator output power : 180kW

Verification & test of wireless power charging system
60 kHz
inverter
system
with
200 KW
2 Segment
power line
(1segment :15m)
Pickup module
with 180 KW
Rectifier
module with
180 KW
16
 Pickups and regulator installation
[Pickup]
[Regulator]
[Power Line]
17
 Measured power efficiency and output voltage and current waveform
Measured power efficiency:
85 ~ 90% at the 7cm air-gap
Regulator input voltage [200V/div]
Regulator output current [50A/div]
Regulator output voltage [200V/div]
Tram battery
charger on
Controlled regulator
output voltage: 800V
Tram battery
charger off
100 120 140 160 180 200
60
70
80
90
100
Input power [kW]
E
f
f
i
c
i
e
n
c
y

[
%
]
18
◈ The Top 10 Emerging Technologies List (February.15.2013)
- The OLEV was selected as one of the Top 10 emerging technologies
in 2013 by World Economic Forum
◈ The World’s 50 Best Inventions List (Nov. 22, 2010)
- The OLEV was selected as one of the TIME’s Best Inventions in 2010

◈ Publication of quality articles
- Proceedings of the IEEE, Coil Design and Shielding Methods for a Magnetic
Resonant Wireless Power Transfer System(Apr. 2013.)
- IEEE Spectrum, Charging Up the Road(Apr. 2013.)
19
2009 MEST *
[Core technology]
2010-2011 MKE*
[Practical technology]
2012-2013 MLTM*
[Commercialization]
Outcome
• Development of
original power supply
and collection
technology

• Implementation and
verification of core
technology
• Improving core
technology

• Development of
common-core
technology to verify
usability
• Construction of
standard power supply
infrastructure and bus
system

• Commercial operation
of OLEV bus and
infrastructure by local
governments (2013)
Cost 25 million 15 million 20 million
Specification
Air Gap 20 cm 20 cm 20 cm
Efficiency Max. 72% Max. 80% Max. 85%
Power
Capacity
60kW 75kW 100kW
Patents
•Domestic : 125
•Foreign : 9
•Domestic : 127
•Foreign :52
•Domestic : 21
•Foreign : 5
* MEST : Ministry of Education, Science and Technology * MKE : Ministry of Knowledge Economy * MLTM : Ministry of Land, Transport and Maritime Affairs
20
Contents Progress Remarks
Frequency
Completion of frequency allocation
(20kHz, 60kHz)
KCC
(Korea Communications
Commission)
Road Structure
Revision of the road
decree allowing power line
installation
MLTM
(Minister of Land, Transport and
Maritime Affairs)
Electrical Safety
Electrical safety standards for OLEV
power supply system
MKE
(Ministry of Knowledge
Economy)
Vehicle Certification OLEV vehicle safety standards
MLTM
(Minister of Land, Transport and
Maritime Affairs)
21

OLEV Co.,Ltd. OLEV Technologies
◈ Name : OLEV Co.,Ltd.(Joint Venture)

◈ Business Area : KOREA & Asia

◈ Business Scope
- Power supply infra construction and OLEV
vehicle manufacturing
- Commercialization in Seoul Grand Park
- Commercialization at Gumi City is in progress

 Technology transfer agreement was signed in
September 2011
◈Name : OLEV Technologies

◈ Business Area : U.S.A.

◈ Business Scope
- Power supply infra construction and OLEV
vehicle manufacturing
- Commercialization at Boston Rogan Airport is
being tried.

◈ Technology transfer agreement was signed in
March 2011
22

23
Area Contents
Railroads
BRT, PRT, Light rails, Subways and
Rapid-transit railways
Automobiles
Intra-city buses, Town buses,
Expressway buses, Taxis, Cars, Golf
cars, Trucks and other transportation
vehicles in large-scale complexes
like factory districts
Leisure Safari, Boats and Amusement park
Airport /
Seaport
Aircraft / Ship
Home
Appliances /
Robots
TV, Refrigerator / Industrial and
Military Robots
Mobile devices
Laptops, Mobile phones and Mobile
players
23
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