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You are on page 1of 11

allow 1 mark for correct resultant force ie 1500N

allow 2 marks for correct transformation and substitution

ie

3

m/s

2

1

(b) as speed increases so does the size of the drag force

1

eventually the drag force becomes equal to the thrust

1

the resultant force is now equal to zero and therefore

there is no further acceleration

1

(c) the car and van will reach top speed when the forward

force equals the drag force

accept air resistance / frictional / resistive force for drag force

1

the drag force at any speed is smaller for the car than

for the van

1

as the car is more streamlined

1

therefore the cars drag force will equal the forward force

at a higher speed

1

[11]

M2. (a) A then E

1

(b) A > E

A = E

A < E

in this order 3

(c) when van stops / is stationary / is parked

1

(d) WX slowing down

XY constant speed

YZ speeding up

for 1 mark each

3

(e) .. force . forwards . backwards

for 1 mark each

3

[11]

M3. (a) W = 65 10

PE change = 650 1.25 or 65 10 1.25

gains 3 marks

but

PE change = 812.5 (J) (allow 813J or 812J)

gains 4 marks

4

(b) k.e. = p.e.

gains 1 mark

but

(speed) = 812.5 2 / 65 or 812.5 = 65 (speed) ecf

gains 2 marks

but

speed = 5 (m/s) (allow 4.99 5.002)

(if answer = 25mls check working: 812.5 = m v gains 1 mark for

KE = PE)

(but if 812.5 = m v = 65 v

2

or v

2

= gains 2 marks)

25, with no working shown gains 0 marks

gains 3 marks

3

[7]

M4. (a) (i) tiredness / boredom

drugs

alcohol

distraction

any two for 1 mark each

2

(ii) A greater / longer

B no effect

C greater / longer

each for 1 mark

3

(b) on a wet road: there is less friction / grip

for 1 mark

braking distance is greater / takes longer to stop

or car skids / slides forward

for 1 mark

2

(c) (i) deceleration = gradient or 30 / 4.8

each for 1 mark

2

(ii) force = mass acceleration or 900 6.25

each for 1 mark

2

(iii) distance = area under graph or 0.5 4.8 30 or average

speed time or 15 4.8

Accept answer in terms of change in k.e. = work done

if incorrect unit given (eg 72km) then no mark

each for 1 mark

2

[13]

M5. (a) (i) air resistance/drag/friction (or upthrust)

weight/gravitational pull/gravity

for 1 mark each

1

(ii) air resistance/friction acts in opposite direction to motion

1

(iii) Y

1

(iv) the sky-diver accelerates/his speed increases

in downward direction/towards the Earth/falls

for 1 mark each

2

(b) force X has increased force Y has stayed the same the speed of the sky-diver

will stay the same

for 1 mark each

3

(c) (i) CD

1

3

(iv) 10 (but apply e.c.f. from (ii) and (iii))

gets 2 marks

or 500/50 or d/t

gets 1 mark

2

[14]

M6. (a) evidence of distance = speed time or 4 20

gains 1 mark

but

80

gains 2 marks

units m

for 1 mark

3

(b) idea that (both) become warm/hot

for 1 mark

idea of wearing (away/down)/becoming scratched

gains 1 mark

but

(brake) pads wear more (than wheel discs)

gains 2 marks

3

[6]

M7. (a) Each scale optimum

Else both half size

Straight line joining 30,0 to 30,0.67 to 0, 5.67

any 5 for 1 mark each

5

(b) 6

Else a = 30/5

gets 2 marks

Else a = v/t

gets 1 mark

3

(c) 9000

Else F = 6 1500

gets 2 marks

Else F = ma

gets 1 mark

3

(d) (i) Driver has forward momentum

Which is conserved

Giving drive relative forward speed to car

for one mark each

3

(ii) If inelastic ke lost

Here ke does work crumpling car

for 1 mark each

2

(iii) Car stops in 75m

gets 1 mark

W = F.d or 9000 75

gets 1 mark

W = 675 000 J

OR ke = 1/2 mv

2

gets 1 mark

ke = 1/2.1500.302

ke = 675 000 J

3

[19]

M8. (a) AB

for 1 mark

1

(b) (i) 0.7

for 1 mark each

1

(ii) 16.8

gains 2 marks

2

but correct working

(d = v.t, d = 24 0.7, or in terms of area under graph)

gains 1 mark

1

(c) a = (v-u)/t

= 24/4

= 6

m/s

2

(see marking of calculations)

(can work in terms of graph gradient)

4

(d) d = v.t

= 24/2 4

= 48

(see marking of calculations)

(can work in terms of area under graph)

3

(e) F = ma

= 800 6

= 4800

(see marking of calculations)

3

[15]

M9. (a) 3

gains 1 mark

m/s

2

gains 1 mark

else working gains 1 mark

2

(b) 2850 ecf

gains 1 mark

N

gains 1 mark

else working

gains 1 mark

2

(c) friction/air resistance increases with speed;

till frictional = max forward force;

then force/acceleration is zero

for 1 mark each

alternative limitation for safety

gains 1 mark only

3

[7]

M10. (a) points correct; line correct

for 1 mark each

2

(b) increases

for 1 mark

1

(c) (i) 9

for 1 mark

1

(ii) 6 ecf

for 1 mark

1

(iii) increased ecf

for 1 mark

1

[6]

M11. (i) C and D or D and C

accept CD

accept DC

accept answers in terms of time

1

(ii) any one from:

streamline position streamline clothes

accept crouched position

accept tight clothes

accept design of cycle

accept cycle slower

1

(iii) 0.5 hours or 30 minutes or 1800 seconds

must have unit

1

(iv) speed =

accept any correct rearrangement

accept s = d/t or v s/t

accept velocity for speed

accept

if subsequent use of correct

1

(v) 16

allow for mark for each of time = 3.5 hours

distance = 56km

allow e.c.f. from part (a)(iii) if correctly used

an answer of 14 gains 2 marks

allow 1 mark for correct attempt to average the three sections

3

[7]

M12. (a) (i) constant speed

do not accept normal speed

do not accept it is stopped / stationary

1

in a straight line

accept any appropriate reference to a direction

constant velocity gains 2 marks

not accelerating gains 2 marks

terminal velocity alone gets 1 mark

1

(ii) goes down owtte

accept motorbike (it) slows down

1

(b) (i) 20 (m/s)

ignore incorrect units

1

(ii) acceleration =

do not accept velocity for change in velocity

accept change in speed

accept or

or a =

do not accept

1

(iii) 4

or their (b)(i) 5

allow 1 mark for correct substitution

2

m/s

2

m/s/s or ms or metres per

second squared or metres per

second per second

1

(c) vehicle may skid / slide

loss of control / brakes lock / wheels lock

accept greater stopping distance or difficult to stop

1

due to reduced friction (between tyre(s) and road)

accept due to less grip

do not accept no friction

1

(d) any three from:

do not accept night time / poor vision

increased speed

reduced braking force

slower (driver) reactions

NB specific answers may each gain credit eg tiredness (1), drinking

alcohol (1), using drugs (1), driver distracted (1) etc

poor vehicle maintenance

specific examples may each gain credit eg worn brakes or worn tyres etc

increased mass / weight of vehicle

accept large mass / weight of vehicle

poor road surface

more streamlined

if candidates give three answers that affect stopping distance but not

specific to increase award 1 mark only

3

[13]

M13. (a) A = speeding up

[Accept accelerating / acceleration / going faster]

B =moving at a steady speed

[Accept constant speed]

C = slowing down

[Accept going slower / decelerating]

each for 1 mark

3

(b) acceleration =

NB if formula given must be correct

or

gains 1 mark

but 2.5

gains 2 marks

unit m/s

2

or metres per second squared

or metres per second per second

for 1 mark

or m/s

2

[Credit even if no / an incorrect numerical answer is given]

3

[6]

M14. (a) Quality of written communication

for correct use of term speed in all correct examples

Q Q

1

describes all 3 sections correctly for 2 marks

describes 2 or 1 section correctly for 1 mark

max 2

A B constant speed

do not accept pace for speed

B C (has accelerated) to a higher (constant) speed

C D goes back to original / lower (constant) speed

allow for 1 mark, initial and final (constant) speeds are the same accept

velocity for speed

ignore reference to direction

(b) 62.5

allow answer to 2 s.f.

allow 1 mark for drawing a correct triangle or for using two correct pairs

of coordinates

allow 1 mark for correct use of y/x

ignore units

3

[6]

M15. 1 mark for each line

if more than 1 line is drawn from a graph in List A then all those lines are

marked incorrect

[3]

M16. (a) 60

1

(b) 5 hours

must include unit

1

(c) 30

1

(d) 30 minutes or

hour

must include unit

1

(e) D and E

accept finish for E

accept correct numbers from axes with units

1

least steep part of the graph

accept covers smallest distance in a set time

accept only moves 5 km in 1 hours (accept anything between 5 and 6)

ignore horse is tired

1

[6]

M17. (a) (i) 4.5

allow 1 mark for correct substitution i.e. 9 2

2

(ii) m/s

2

accept answer given in (a)(i) if not contradicted here

1

(iii) speed

1

(iv) straight line from the origin passing through (2s, 9m/s)

allow 1 mark for straight line from the origin passing through to t = 2

seconds

allow 1 mark for an attempt to draw a straight line from the origin passing

through (2,9)

allow 1 mark for a minimum of 3 points plotted with no line provided if

joined up would give correct answer. Points must

include(0,0) and (2,9)

2

(b) (i) B

if A or C given scores 0 marks in total

1

smallest (impact) force

1

on all/ every/ any surfaces

these marks are awarded for comparative answers

1

(ii) (conditions) can be repeated

or

difficult to measure forces with human athletes

accept answers in terms of variations in human athletes e.g.

athletes may have different weights area / size of feet may be different

difficult to measure forces athletes run at different speeds

accept any answer that states or implies that with humans the conditions

needed to repeat tests may not be constant

e.g.

athletes unable to maintain constant speed during tests (or during repeat

tests)

do not accept the robots are more accurate

removes human error is insufficient

fair test is insufficient

1

[10]

M18. (a) 4.5

allow 1 mark for correct substitution ie 9 2

2

m/s

2

mark independently

1

(b) Marks awarded for this answer will be determined by the

Quality of Written Communication (QWC) as well as the

standard of the scientific response.

No relevant content.

0 marks

There is a brief description of the performance of the

running shoes on the three surfaces.

Level 1 (12 marks)

There is some description of the performance of the

running shoes on the three surfaces.

Level 2 (34 marks)

There is a clear, balanced and detailed description of the

performance of the running shoes on the three surfaces.

Level 3 (56 marks)

examples of the physics points made in the response

the lower the impact the better (performance)

make B better / lower impact on polyurethene

make C better / lower impact on acrylic

make B better / lower impact on grass

make B best overall / make A worst overall

little difference in performance of make C on all surfaces

[9]

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