Explicit Dynamics

Realize Your Product Promise

ANSYS explicit dynamics takes over when
implicit isn’t enough.
For specialized applications, ANSYS ofers the split-second
insight you need along with ease of use and trusted results.
If your product needs to survive impacts or
short-duration high-pressure loadings, you can
improve its design with ANSYS® explicit dynamics.
Specialized problems require advanced analysis
tools to accurately predict the efect of design
considerations on product or process behavior.
Gaining insight into such complex reality is
especially important when it is too expensive —
or impossible — to perform physical testing.
The ANSYS explicit dynamics suite enables you
to capture the physics of short-duration events for
products that undergo highly nonlinear, transient
dynamic forces. Our specialized, accurate and
easy-to-use tools have been designed to maximize
user productivity.
With ANSYS, you can gain insight into how a
structure responds when subjected to severe
loadings. Algorithms based on frst principles
accurately predict complex responses, such
as large material deformations and failure,
interactions between bodies, and fuids with
rapidly changing surfaces.
An extension of our structural mechanics suite,
explicit dynamics software shares the same
graphical user interface (GUI), serving mechanical
engineers who need to study highly complex
problems — especially ones with high strain rates
Shefeld Hallam
University used our
explicit solution to
simulate ball-on-tennis-
racket impacts. Their
research centered on
the coefcient of friction
between strings and
ball, and the position
of the racket’s balance
point. The value of
physical testing is limited
in evaluating these
potential improvements
because of the high cost
and time involved in
building the huge number
of new designs that need
to be evaluated.
“ANSYS explicit dynamics repeatedly enables
us to solve complex explicit problems for our customers. We can get
answers to them quickly due to the program’s ease of use. The state-
of-the-art solution methods and extensive material models produce
accurate results, a necessity for creating follow-on business.”
Chris LeBoeuf
Principal Engineer
ABS Consulting
and other complications that are difcult to solve
with general-purpose implicit solution methods.
A short learning curve is a hallmark of our
products. The GUI speaks the language of the
engineer or scientist. Consequently, the software’s
internal complexity is hidden from view, even
as sophisticated, state-of-the-art mathematical
algorithms resolve problems.
Defaults are safe and reasonable values for most
options, which means that you spend less time
setting up and running problems and more time
optimizing products for performance, durability
and cost, as well as removing design faws.
In many cases, the accuracy of an explicit
solution can be verifed only via comparison with
physical experiments. For some problems (such as
explosions), it may be too expensive or impossible
to perform tests. Yet ANSYS users around the
world rely on the accuracy of explicit results: An
extensive list of publications is testament to the
correctness of our algorithms and models.
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ANSYS explicit dynamics
tools help users meet solution
requirements of various
complexities based on
problem details and user
expertise.
ANSYS Mechanical™
Broad spectrum of
capabilities covering
range of analysis
types
ANSYS Explicit STR™
Entry level; well suited
for designers and
Mechanical users who
need to solve highly
nonlinear problems
requiring explicit
solutions
ANSYS LS-DYNA®
General purpose with
extensive capabilities;
best suited for expert
analysts and
researchers
ANSYS Autodyn®
Easy to use for multiphysics
and sophisticated material
response; well suited for
designers and analysts who
use ANSYS Workbench™ to
easily solve complex realities
Failure of window crank
mechanism, modeling
material failure under
dynamic loading
Wire crimping, a complex
contact problem
Deformation of constant
velocity boot
Blade-of containment
demonstrating failure of
bonded connection and
subsequent complex body
interactions (contact)
Collision Collision
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Courtesy CTC, Tokyo, Japan.
Courtesy Orica USA.
Almost any severe application can beneft from the
embedded deep physics in our explicit suite.
With ANSYS explicit dynamics products, you get
a comprehensive set of advanced tools to help
gain insight into virtually any event that can be
simulated.
For example, the FE (Lagrange) solver is the most
commonly used and the computationally fastest
method to represent structures. It is best suited
for tracking shock waves and peak pressures.
Within each element, Lagrange captures the
material location of the discretized model and
follows its deformation as forces are applied,
resulting in distorted elements.
The Euler method follows the fow of materials
throughout a region represented by a fxed mesh.
It is ideal for modeling severe deformations of
solids as well as the fow of liquids and gases.
With the ANSYS virtual Euler solver, the mesh is
generated automatically without any user input.
Arbitrary Lagrange–Euler (ALE) combines the
advantages of Lagrange and Euler while
eliminating some of their shortcomings. It is
ideal for simulating materials with severe
deformations in which high-resolution shock
response is desirable.
“The ability to couple Eulerian and Lagrangian frames
of reference is especially helpful in blast feld modeling.
With ANSYS explicit dynamics, energy is easily transferred
between the two for accurate modeling of the entire
blast process.”
Dale Preece
Global Technology Development
Orica USA Inc.
Automatic body-by-body meshing for analyzing
cell phone assembly via explicit drop testing
Water jet impacting
surface
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Cell phone with solder connection submodel
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Additional complexities with material response
are enhanced with tools that enable fuid–structure
interaction (FSI). Examples include a high-speed
projectile moving though a liquid (shown here) or
movement of a structure from a blast wave.
Sports equipment design using composite materials Virtual prototyping, from
CAD to blow molding to
drop-test analysis
High-quality mesh generated in ANSYS Workbench
using automatic multi-zone method
A critical requirement for efcient and accurate
explicit analysis is a high-quality mesh. Our
explicit products beneft from integration in the
ANSYS Workbench environment, which includes
powerful automatic mesh generation. You can
create high-quality hex (brick) elements for more
complex geometries using multi-zone meshing, a
standard tool within Workbench that automatically
decomposes more complex geometries into parts
that can be swept to create hex elements.
Some geometries, especially those created for
manufacturing and imported from CAD data, are
too complex to be swept to produce a full hex
mesh. Tetrahedral (tet) elements can accurately
represent small portions of a part’s geometry
that cannot be swept. An ANSYS explicit special
tet-element formulation called nodal-based
strain (NBS) eliminates shear locking, a problem
encountered with traditional tet elements.
Accurate tet elements make it easier to create
working meshes that can represent complicated
geometries.
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Our single resource ofers clarity and insight into your
advanced technology needs.
ANSYS explicit dynamics tools are one part of our
suite that delivers cutting-edge functionality —
depth, breadth, a plethora of advanced capabilities
and integrated multiphysics — providing
confdence that your simulation results refect
real-world outcomes. The comprehensive range
of solutions provides access to virtually any feld
of engineering simulation that a design process
requires. Organizations around the world trust
ANSYS to help them realize their product promises.
Productive Environment
The interface for our tools, ANSYS Workbench
enables users to model all applications, from very
simple to very complex. The platform can take
weeks, sometimes months, out of a CAE process by
eliminating manual fle transfer, results translation
and errors that often come from manual data
entry. Workbench eliminates the labor required
to produce updated simulation results brought
about by design changes. It includes an extensive
material library and automatic meshing, which
further reduce problem setup efort and time.
Advanced Study
Modern CAD tools create geometries that are real-
life accurate. Because most CAD geometry models
are created for manufacturing purposes (but
not for analysis), they often include overlapping
surfaces, gaps and other dirty forms. ANSYS
pre-processing tools clean, correct and reduce
CAD complexity, making it possible to increase
accuracy and speed.
Explicit dynamics accuracy is, in part, a function
of element size. Generally, the smaller the
elements, the more accurate the results — but
this requires longer compute times. ANSYS HPC
techniques allow you to improve accuracy as well
as to examine multiple designs in a given time.
Reducing elapsed time for calculation leads to
better, more optimized products. The end result
is confdence that your product will thrive in the
real world.
Design Analysis and Optimization
To understand a design’s performance, you
must identify the efect of all design parameters
— which can easily lead to meeting product
requirements. ANSYS DesignXplorer™ provides
in-depth product understanding, illustrating
the relationship between design variables and
product performance — all before building a
single prototype.
Managing Simulation Data
Simulation engineers — especially those
performing explicit dynamics analyses — generate
large volumes of data that need to be archived
in a searchable format. ANSYS Engineering
Knowledge Manager™ (EKM) enables capture
and management of simulation data along with
workfows and best practices. The tool can
improve simulation efciency and productivity.
Eletronuclear S.A. used
ANSYS explicit dynamics
tools to simulate a hypo-
thetical explosion near
a nuclear power plant.
The initial stage was
simulated with the multi-
material fuid (Euler)
solver, as diferent types
of materials can all be
modeled in the same re-
gion. The Euler FCT solver
came into play after the
explosion, as it simulates
the response of ideal
gases with second-order
accuracy very quickly.
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ANSYS Explicit Dynamics
Other ANSYS Engineering Simulation Capabilities
Geometry Engineering Data Remapping
in Space and
Solver
Drop Test Post-Processing
Tools
Automatic Report
Generation
CAD Integration Multiphysics HPC
Design Optimization Data Management
ANSYS
DesignModeler™ and
ANSYS SpaceClaim
DirectModeler
provide modeling
and geometry
creation functions
for explicit analysis.
The entire ANSYS
suite is CAD indepen-
dent, enabling data
import from various
sources. In addition,
we collaborate with
leading CAD devel-
opers to ensure an
efcient workfow.
To help ensure a
successful product,
R&D teams must
accurately predict
how complex prod-
ucts will behave in
a real-world envi-
ronment. The ANSYS
suite captures
the interaction of
multiple physics:
structural, fuid
dynamics, electro-
mechanics and
systems interac-
tions. A single,
unifed platform
harnesses the core
physics and enables
their interoper-
ability.
High-performance
computing enables
creation of large,
high-fdelity models
that yield accurate
and detailed
insight. ANSYS
ofers scalable solu-
tions and partners
with hardware
vendors to ensure
that you get the
power and speed
you need.
Good design starts
with identifying the
relationship between
performance and
design variables.
ANSYS DesignXplorer
enables engineers
to perform design
of experiments
(DOE) analyses,
investigate response
surfaces, and analyze
input constraints in
pursuit of optimal
design candidates.
ANSYS EKM
addresses critical
issues associated
with simulation
data, including
backup and archival,
traceability and
audit trail, process
automation,
collaboration and
capture of engi-
neering expertise,
and IP protection.
ANSYS Workbench
is the framework
for the industry’s
broadest and deepest
suite of advanced
engineering simu-
lation technology.
It delivers unprec-
edented productivity,
enabling Simulation-
Driven Product
Development™.
Deformation
contour of failed
fan (front cover
removed)
Heavy equipment 2-D Euler-shaped
charge mapped
into 3-D Lagrange
oblique penetration
into masonry wall
Material model
for CU-ODHC2
CAD geometry
simplifed for
drop test
Robust NBS tet
elements, which do
not lock up in shear
Water cooler bottle
Multiphysics HPC Multiphysics HPC Multiphysics HPC
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ANSYS is dedicated exclusively to developing engineering simulation software that
fosters rapid and innovative product design. Our technology enables you to predict
with confdence that your product will thrive in the real world. For more than 40 years,
customers in the most demanding markets have trusted our solutions to help ensure
the integrity of their products and drive business success through innovation.
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MKT 90
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