Ex. 1. Read and translate the text.
Our Family
Our family consists of seven members altogether: father and mother, three
boys (sons) and two girls (daughters). My brother Sam is the eldest of us boys:
he is exactly eight years older than . My sister !ora is two years younger than
my brother Sam, and six years older than . My younger brother Robert is twelve
years old and my younger sister "nn is only seven.
My father and mother, who are husband and wife, celebrated their silver
wedding (the twenty#fifth anniversary of their marriage) a few wee$s ago.
My full name is %enry &ohn Smith. Smith is my surname (family name) and
%enry &ohn are my 'hristian names, the names received at ba(tism
(christening). "t home am generally called %arry. am nearly fourteen years of
age. !ext )riday is my birthday. *e+ll have a birthday (arty, and am very eager
to $now what (resents shall receive.
My younger brother Robert and my younger sister "nn both go to school.
My elder brother Sam is an engineer and s(ends most of his time wor$ing for a
big firm in ,irmingham. %e comes home for wee$ends. My elder sister !ora
has been for two years engaged to a young architect named Mr. -homas ,rown.
Mr. ,rown is her young man and, after the wedding, he+ll be my brother#in#law.
*e are all loo$ing forward to the marriage ceremony, which will ta$e (lace next
.aster at our (arish church.
Mr. ,rown, the bridegroom, will wear a blac$ suit. -he bride, my sister
!ora, well be dressed in white sil$. My seven#year#old sister "nn will be one of
the bridesmaids, together with her cousin )iona, who is of about the same age.
-hey also will be dressed in white.
*e are already beginning to ma$e (re(arations for the wedding brea$fast,
the festive meal at which all the wedding#guests are /oyfully received.
"rrangements have been made in regard to the wedding#ca$e, which will be
eaten at this meal as a dessert. -his ca$e will be large. t will be nearly two feet
in height. "ll those (resent at the ceremony, as well as all relations and friends,
will receive a (iece of this ca$e.
"fter the wedding brea$fast and the s(eeches, which, ho(e, will not be too
long, the ha((y newly married cou(le will hasten away on their honeymoon,
which they will s(end in beautiful 0evonshire.
-here will be many guests (resent at the meal, for, besides my own family,
there will be many relatives, my old grandfather, my uncles, aunts, and cousins.
My favourite uncle is 2ncle &eremy, who, strange to say, has never got
married. %e has remained single, he is an old bachelor. ,ut he is very fond of us
children, his ne(hews and nieces.
"ll my aunts, of whom have four, have got married. !ot one of them has
remained an old maid. ,ut "unt Sarah has been for many years a widow: her
husband died in ndia, where he held a government (ost.
2ntil a short time ago had two grandfathers. One of them died and was
buried last year. %is body was laid to rest with his ancestors in the churchyard
not far from our home. My other grandfather, although he is over seventy years
of age, is still very active. %e s(ends much time in gardening.
Ex. 2. Retell the text.
Ex. 1. Read and translate the dialogue.
Kate: s this your family album3 'ould you tell me about the (eo(le in the
Ann: "ll right. 4oo$ here. -his is our family (hoto on the first (age. t was
ta$en last year. -his is my father, mother, my younger brother and myself.
Kate: Oh, your (arents loo$ young. %ow old are they3
Ann: My father is 55 and my mother is 56.
Kate: 7our mother is a very good#loo$ing woman. 7ou $now, you loo$ very
much li$e her. 7ou have the same eyes and brown curly hair.
Ann: 7es, everybody says ta$e after my mother in loo$s, but seem to
ta$e after my father in character.
Kate: %e loo$s very strong and the uniform he wears certainly suits him. s
he a military man3
Ann: 7es, he serves in the )ar .ast. *e8re going to his (lace next year after
leave school.
Kate: %ow many years is your brother younger than you are3 ,y the way
it8s he who has your father8s loo$s. -hey are very much ali$e.
Ann: *ell, he8s 9 years my /unior. %e8s a (u(il of the :th form.
Kate: s he a good student3
Ann: 8m afraid not. Mum is often annoyed with him.
Kate: s this the (icture of your grand(arents3
Ann: 7ou8re right. %ere it is. My granny is ;6 already, but she doesn8t loo$
her age, does she3
Kate: !o, she doesn8t. She has such a $ind face and an attractive smile.
Ann: She+s the world+s best grandmother. She had wor$ed as a teacher of
.nglish before she retired.
Kate: %er (u(ils must have loved her.
Ann: 8m sure they did.
Kate: "nd whose (hoto is this3 4et me guess... She8s a relative of your
father8s isn8t she3
Ann: ndeed, she+s my aunt Olga, my father8s elder sister. %er daughter
%elen got married last year. 4oo$ here. -his is her wedding (hoto. sn8t it nice3
Kate: Oh, yes. 7our cousin is absolutely charming. *hat a beautiful dress<
-he bridegroom though, loo$s somewhat confused.
Ann: %e might be. 8ll tell you about their wedding. t was great fun<... "nd
can you recogni=e me in this (hoto3
Kate: t8s hardly (ossible. 7ou8re /ust a baby< 7ou+re crying bitterly, but
your mother loo$s ha((y.
Ex.3. Re(roduce the dialogue.
Phonetic Exercises
Ex. 1. -ranscribe, translate and learn the following words:
anniversary, ancestor, arrangements, architect, ba(tism, bridegroom, bridesmaid,
bachelor, ceremony, cou(le, cousin, dessert, honeymoon, ne(hew, niece,
marriage, relatives, surname, uncle, ,irmingham, 0evonshire> to hasten away>
'hristian, engaged, (arish, buried, single, favourite, grand(arents.
Ex. 2. ?ractice reading the following word combinations.
father and mother seven#year#old
sister "nn we are already
for a big firm brother and myself
brother#in#law mother is 56
we are all )ar .ast
wear a blac$ suit my mother in loo$s
)ind in the text and the dialogue other combinations with the lin$ing @r@.
Ex. 3. ntone and (re(are a good reading of the extract beginning with the
words: @Our family consists of seven members altogether...@ and ending with the
words @...what (resents shall receive@.
-ranslate and learn the words.
!. Family
relations B relatives> a closeCdistant relative
grand(arents: a grandmother, a grandfather
grandchildren: a grandson, a granddaughter
(arents: a father, a mother, a ste(father, a ste(mother
children: a son, a daughter, a ste(son, a ste(daughter, an or(han
a brother, a sister: a twin brother, a twin sister, an elderCeldest brother etc.
an uncle, an aunt: a ne(hew, a niece, a cousin
in#laws: a fatherCmother#in#law, a sonCdaughter#in#law, a brotherCsister#in#
!!. "arriage
to be singleCunmarried, a bachelor
to (ro(ose to smb., to getCbe engaged to smb., to brea$ off an engagement
a fiancD, a fiancDe, to marry smb., to get married to smb.
to get married at a register office C in church
a wedding, a wedding rece(tionCringCanniversary
a bride, a bridegroom, a marriage ceremony, a newly# married cou(le
a wedding brea$fast, a honeymoon
marriage, to be married to smb., a married cou(le: a husband, a wife
a childless cou(le, to be ex(ecting a baby, to be (regnant, to have a baby (in
a maternity hos(ital), twins
to divorce smb.> to get a divorce, to getCbe divorced
a widow, a widower
!!!. From #irth to Death
the date of birth, *hen were you born3, a birthday, *hen is your birthday3>
a baby, babyhood, to attendCto go to a nursery>
an only child, childhood>
to start school, to attendCgo to school>
to grow u(, to bring u( (a child)>
a teenager, to be in one8s (early, mid, late) teens>
youth (B (eriod after childhood), in (one8s) youth>
young (eo(le B the youth (E isCare)>
a grown#u( B an adult, to be in one8s (early, mid, late) twenties, etc.>
middle age, middle#aged ((eo(le)>
old age, aged ((eo(le), an old#age (ensioner>
a funeral, a will, to leave smb. smth. in one8s will
!V. "iscellaneous
a 'hristianCfirst name, a surname, a (atronymic, a nic$name>
a child of ten, etc., a ten#year#old (child, etc.), at the age of ten, etc.>
a curriculum vitae
Vocaulary Exercises
Ex. 1. A. )ill in the ga(s with the words or ex(ressions from the 1
()amily) of the word list.
1. -hey invited all their ... to stay at 'hristmas.
9. My uncle is my ... living ... .
A. 8m an ... . was brought u( by my uncle.
5. My sister had a baby last wee$, so 8m now an ... .
#. )ill in the ga(s with the words or ex(ressions from the 9
(Marriage) of the word list.
F. -hough he8s 56, he8s never married: he8s a confirmed ... .
G. Heorge is my fiancD. *e ... a month ago.
;. @%ave you heard that &ohn has ... to Marry3@ @ can8t believe it: they
seemed so ha((y and loving@.
I. *e8ll have been ... for a year by next "(ril. *e8ll have our first ... .
:. %ave you been invited to their ...3
16. -he ... wore a beautiful white dress.
11. -he ... are going to s(end their ... in the ,ahamas.
19. Jaty gave u( her /ob six months ago when she ... .
1A. My brother and loo$ so ali$e that (eo(le often thin$ we are ... .
15. -heir marriage ended in ... .
1F. She ... him after years of unha((iness.
1G. My Hranny died, so my grandfather has been a ... for years now.
$. )ill in the ga(s with the words or ex(ressions from the A
(ortion of the
word list.
1;. She was holding her three#month#old ... in her arms.
1I. %e ... at the age of G.
1:. %e was ... in the country by his grand(arents.
96. *hat do you want to be when you ...3
91. n his ... he had shown great (romise.
99. -he ... of the country isCare being ignored by (oliticians.
9A. !ow children, go to bed and let the ... have a little time to themselves.
95. -his film is for ... only.
9F. She retired last year, so she is an ... .
9G. %e8s only 95, but he behaves as if he8s already ... .
9;. -he old lady8s ... was held at the local church.
9I. %e ... his ne(hew over G6 thousand (ounds in ... .
D. )ill in the ga(s with the words from the last (ortion of the word list.
9:. @7ou8re right, &ac$,@ she said. t was the first time she called him by
his ... .
A6. @*hat is "lan8s ...3@ @&ohnson@.
A1. Max is my ... . My real name is Mac0onald.
Ex. 2. -ranslate from Russian into .nglish.
[VZ `aVbcV`PLZ NRNScL, XVSZ [PVdeR `\[LbS, fSV VPL [VZ `Vfg, hVd`L ae`ZS
PLN a[RNSR a iRcaO_ cL], iVSV[\ fSV VPL PL [PVdV YRS [YL`MR [RPZ. A.jV_
VSRk cL]aRYNZ N [L[V_, e [L[L NPVaL aOMYL ]L[\Q, SLh fSV laLP mRScVaef
T [V_ VSfe[. 5. jV_ ncLS # MhVYgPeh. oP a :#[ hYLNNR. T p [VZ NRNScL
SVYghV fSV VhVPfeYL MhVY\. qR [RfSL NSLSg NS part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride

jVe `c\]gZ rVYZ e UePL T [\Q e QRPL. T oPe V`PVdV aV]cLNSL3 T URS, UePL
PL `aL dV`L [VYVQR rVYe. G. ULN fRSaRcV a NR[gR: VSRk, [LSg, ncLS e Z. jO N
ncLSV[ nYe]PRkO. jO iVXVQe hLh `aR hLiYe aV`O. ;. rSV sSL QRPWePL3 T
`RSe3 T ^L. qR `Vfg NS part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
a NR[gR3 T mZSRcV. t [RPZ RNSg aP\h e aP\fhL. v \QR nLn\MhL. :. wR[
]LPe[LRSNZ SaV_ `aVbcV`PO_ ncLS3 T oP TXec\cd. 16. UePePL SRSZ PL
iRPNee. q_ \QR ;F YRS. p RR [\Q RWR cLnVSLRS. 11. KehSVc QRPLS PL [VR_
NRNScR. oP [PR M\ceP, L [L[R T ]ZSg. ^YZ cV`eSRYR_ KehSVcL [VZ NRNScL #
PRaRNShL. 19. ^QVc`Q T [V_ QRPeX> [O nOYe iV[VYaYRPO a icVMYV[
[RNZkR. 1A. K LicRYR n part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
RS dV` hLh [O QRPLSO. t PLN n part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
dV`VaWePL NaL`gnO. 15. jVYV`VQRPO NVnecLbSNZ icVaRNSe [R`VaO_ [RNZk
PL xLdL[LX. 1F. lX `RNZSeYRSPe_ ncLh ]LhVPfeYNZ M\[PO[ cL]aV`V[. 1G.
jVZ nLn\MhL \[RcYL, hVd`L Z nOYL RWR NVaNR[ cRnRPhV[. ^R`\MhL \QR
`RcQL NaVRdV ScRX[RNZfPVdV cRnRPhL PL c\hLX. 1I. U\, [LYOM, hR[ SO
XVfRMg nOSg, hVd`L aOcLNSeMg3 1:. ySVS zeYg[ SVYghV `YZ a]cVNYOX. 96. K
icVMYV[ dV`\ [VZ nLn\MhL NSLYL iRPNeVPRchV_ iV NSLcVNSe. 91. K bPVNSe
VP iV`LaLY nVYgMeR PL`RQ`O. 99. q[\ SVYghV 96, L VP aR`RS NRnZ hLh
fRYVaRh NcR`PRdV aV]cLNSL. 9A. mVXVcVPO NSLcV_ `L[O icVXV`eYe a
[RNSPV_ kRchae. 95. oP VNSLaeY NaVR[\ iYR[ZPPeh\ nVYRR G6 SONZf z\PSVa
a ]LaRWLPee. 9F. jV_ [\Q PehVd`L PR iV[PeS V dV`VaWePR PLMR_ NaL`gnO,
iVsSV[\ Z PLiV[ePLb R[\ V PR_ a ZPaLcR e ebPR e iVY\fLb `aL iV`LchL.
9G. qNYe `Ra\MhL PL iceR[R iV_[LRS n\hRS, ncVMRPPO_ PRaRNSV_, SV VPL
aO_`RS ]L[\Q NYR`\bWR_. 9;. KNR `RNZSg YRS PLMR_ NVa[RNSPV_ Qe]Pe [O
NNVceYeNg iV iVaV`\ cV`NSaRPPehVa N [VR_ NSVcVPO.
Ex. 3. A. Sort the following words and (hrases into the categories:
#irth "arriage Death
cot cemetery funeral grave to get engaged
na((y bou{uet bridesmaid to bury to have a baby
widow best man honeymoon wreath maternity leave
(ram (regnant godmother grief bridegroom
bonnet christening newly#weds wedding to get divorced
coffin mourners sym(athy rece(tion to exchange rings
#. 'om(lete the sentences with the words or (hrases from the list.
1. -hree hundred (eo(le came to our ... after the wedding.
9. am my niece8s ... .
A. -housands of ... attended the $ing8s funeral.
5. My sister is four months ... .
F. Our dog li$es to ... his bone.
G. My daughter loves (laying with her dolls8 ... .
;. %is brother was his ... .
I. -he bridesmaid caught the ... .
:. n ,ritain you get eleven wee$s8 maternity ... .
16. 7ou haven8t shown me very much ... for my toothache.
11. -he |ueen laid a ... at the grave of the 2n$nown Soldier.
19. -hey say that old ,ill died of ... after his wife died.
1A. -he em(eror was buried in a gold ... .
15. *here did &ohn and 4is go on their ... 3
1F. -he baby screamed throughout the ... .
$. -ranslate the sentences into .nglish.
1. oPL \nLbhLYL cRnRPhL PL c\hLX, L ]LSR[ iVYVQeYL `RaVfh\ a RR
hcVaLSh\. 9. URaRNSL ncVNeYL NaV_ n\hRS a aV]`\X, e iV`c\QhR PRaRNSO
iVaR]YV iV_[LSg RdV. A. }V, hLh NR_fLN aR`\S NRnZ [VYV`OR Yb`e, ]LNSLaeYV
nO [VRdV `R`\Mh\ iRcRaRcP\SgNZ a [VdeYR. 5. ~RnRPVh PR iRcRNSLPRS
iYLhLSg, iVhL SO PR iV[RPZRMg R[\ iV`d\]Peh. F. jLSg f\Sg PR iV[RMLYLNg
e a SV QR acR[Z feSLY hPed\. ;. mVN[VSce< ySV `VYQPV nOSg e]VncLQRPeR
cL`e fRYVaRhL, hVSVcVdV Z iV dY\iVNSe PL]OaLY `c\dV[ e, hVSVcO_ nOY
MLzRcV[ PL PLMR_ NaL`gnR. :. jLYOMhL aOdYZ`eS SLhV_ XVcVMRPghV_ a
cV]VaV[ hc\QRaPV[ fRifehR< 16. mceR[ dVNSR_ iVNYR aRPfLPeZ ]LhVPfeYNZ,
e [VYV`VQRPO VSicLaeYeNg a NaL`RnPVR i\SRMRNSaeR. 11.
mceN\SNSaVaLaMeR PL iVXVcVPLX nOYe iVScZNRPO `V dY\nePO `\Me, hVd`L
dcVn VShcOYe, e aNR \ae`RYe, fSV VP i\NS. 19. jYL`RPkL PLcRhYe jsce a
hYL`neWR, iVsSV[\ Z iceXVQ\ Nb`L fLNSV. 15. K icVMYV[ [RNZkR VPL
cV`eYL cRnRPhL e NR_fLN, `VYQPV nOSg, PLXV`eSNZ a VSi\NhR iV RdV \XV`\.
1F. rVd`L QRPeX N PRaRNSV_ Vn[RPeaLYeNg hVYgkL[e, VPL \cVPeYL NaVR, e
PRhVSVcOR dVNSe iVNfeSLYe sSV iYVXV_ ice[RSV_. 1G. qNYe VPe
`R_NSaeSRYgPV cL]aR`\SNZ, fSV n part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
RS N eX ScR[Z `RSg[e3 1;. v PR iVY\feY
VS `VhSVcL [PVdV NVf\aNSaeZ, hVd`L cLNNhL]LY R[\ V NaVeX nVYZX.
Vocaulary Extension
-ranslate the words and ex(ressions. 4earn them.
!. age
1) the (eriod of time a (erson has lived
# at the age of (G)
# to be of the same age
# to loo$ one8s age
# to loo$ oldCyoung for one8s age
9) one of the (eriods of a (erson8s life
# (at) an earlyCyoung age
# in one8s old age
# to reach middleCold age
# schoolCretirement age
A) the (articular time of life at which a (erson becomes able or not able to
do smth.
# to be under age
# to come of age
# to be of age
5) a (articular (eriod of history
# in the Middle "ges
# to live in the nuclearCs(ace age
F) ages # a long time
# t8s been agesCan age since we met.
# haven8t seen you for ages.
age% # 1) •eid=d€ # being of the stated number
# -hey have a daughter aged 1F. (a aV]cLNSR 1F YRS)
9) •eid=id€ # very old
# an aged manCwomen
# the aged
!!. name
1) the word(s) that smb.Csmth. is called or $nown by.
# 'hristianCfirst name
# surname, family name
# full name
# maidenCmarried name
# by the name of (B called) 0avid
# to $now smb. by name
# under the name of
# to writeCgoCbe $nown under the name of
9) re(utation
# a goodCbad name
# to have a (good) name for honestyCgenerosity
# name dayCnamesa$eC(en nameCnic$name
!!!. to name &'(
1) to give a name to
# -hey named their daughter Sarah.
# to nameCbe named after smb.
9) to say what the name of smth. or smb. is
(PL]OaLSg, iRcRfeNYZSg iVe[RPPV)
# -he students were as$ed to name the F largest oceans in the world.
)ote: study the difference between to name and to call
1. ,oth to name and to call may be used in the meaning @to give a name to@
# -hey namedCcalled the baby Sarah.
9. -he verb to call also has the following meanings:
1) to be $nown by a (articular name.
# -he baby8s mother is also called Sarah.
# -he maga=ine is called (B the name of the maga=ine is) @)our *heels@: it8s
about cars.
# *hat is this river called3 (B *hat8s the name of this river3)
9) to say or consider that smb. or smth. is smth. (NfeSLSg, cLNN[LSceaLSg)
to call smb.Cstu(idCa liarConeself smb.8s friendC.
Vocaulary Extension Exercises
Ex. 1. -ranslate the sentences from .nglish into Russian. ,e ready to give
them bac$ translation.
1. She entered ?arliament at the age of A6. 9. My mother is in her fifties
already, but everybody says she doesn8t loo$ her age. A. "t your age you should
$now better. 5. *hat ages are your children3 F. She married a man who was
twice her age. G. *ho8s going to loo$ after them in their old age3 ;. " (erson of
56 has reached middle age. I. 7ou can8t drive a car yet # you8re still under age. :.
%e won8t be called u( for military service # he has not come of age yet. 16. She
lived to an old age. 11. ?eo(le died of terrible diseases, such as (lague in the
Middle "ges. 19. My aged father lived in the country with my elder sister. 1A.
-he conditions of living in this home for the aged are a((alling. 15. *hat do you
call your dog3 1F. "re you calling me a liar3 1G. 0id you hear what he called
me3 1;. -he college was named after Heorge *ashington. 1I. 'an you name
this (lant3 1:. 0o you $now a boy by the name of 0avid3 96. "lthough it is a
big com(any, the director $nows all the staff by name. 91. -he com(any has a
(good) name for reliability. 99. Samuel 'lements wrote under the name of Mar$
-wain. 9A. *hat do you call this in .nglish3 95. -he maga=ine is called @)our
*heels@: it is about cars.
Ex. 2. -ranslate into .nglish.
1. q[\ iceMYVNg VNSLaeSg MhVY\ a aV]cLNSR 1A YRS. 9. t PeX `aVR `RSR_
a aV]cLNSR G e 16 YRS. A. jV_ `Z`Z a`VaRk. oP iVSRcZY QRP\ e NOPL a
LaSV[VneYgPV_ hLSLNScVzR> PR part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
jO N [VR_ iV`c\dV_ V`PVdV aV]cLNSL, PV VPL aOdYZ`eS [VYVQR. G.
•VN part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
;. K NSLcVNSe Z iV]aVYb NRnR `RYLSg [PVdVR e] SVdV, a fR[ Z VShL]OaLYL
NRnR a bPVNSe. I. oP QRPLS e \ PRdV `aVR `RSR_ T `Vfg MhVYgPVdV aV]cLNSL e
NOP T NS part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
RPS. 16. v `\[Lb, `RSR_ P\QPV \feSg iYLaLSg a cLPPR[ aV]cLNSR.
11. rLh e nVYgMePNSaV `RSR_ a PLMR_ NScLPR Z iVMRY a MhVY\ a G YRS.
Ex. 3. )ill in the blan$s with either to call or to name.
1. *hat do you ... this flower3 9. *hen a son was born to them they ... the
child &ohn after his father. A. was given a $itten. ... it ?ussy, buy my little
brother ... it ?ush. 5. %is name is Richard, but everybody ... him 0ic$. F. ... the
highest mountain in Hreat ,ritain. G. 0o you $now why "rthur ,urton ... the
Hadfly3 ;. 0o you ... .nglish an easy language3 I. %e was as$ed to ... five $inds
of fish. :. *hat do you ... the dish you are eating3 16. My cousin was ... after his
Ex. *. -ranslate into .nglish.
1.rLh SO PL]VaRMg cRnRPhL3 T qNYe sSV n part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
RS `RaVfhL, [O PL]VaR[ RR a
fRNSg [VR_ icLnLn\Mhe. 9. rLh PL]OaLbSNZ sSe ZdV`O3 A. qdV ]Va\S y``e
uRP`e. y``e T sSV RdV e[Z, L uRP`e T RdV zL[eYeZ. 5. ULieMeSR aLMR
iVYPVR e[Z PL sSV[ nYLPhR. F. l SO PL]OaLRMg sSV N\iV[3 G. t sSVdV
iVY\fLb ieNg[L, icR`PL]PLfRPPOR `YZ [VRdV SR]he, hVSVcO_ QeaRS PL SV_
QR \YekR. ULN VnVeX ]Va\S ^QVP u[eS. I. KO [VQRSR PL]aLSg NL[\b
`YePP\b cRh\ u‚p3 :. ƒVSZ hYLNN nOY nVYgMV_, \feSRYg ]PLY aNRX
\fRPehVa iV e[RPe. 16. KNR ]PLbS sSVdV iLcPZ iV` e[RPR[ „icVzRNNVc…,
sSV RdV hYefhL, aNR iceaOhYe SLh PL]OaLSg RdV. 11. rLh SO [VQRMg NfeSLSg
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L#SV PL aRNg aRfRc.
Ex. +. Ma$e u( 96 sentences with the words and ex(ressions from the
†ocabulary .xtension.
Ex. ,. Ma$e u( a storyCsituation using the words from the †ocabulary .xtension.
$lass -ea%ing
7ou are going to read an extract from 'ha(ter One of 0avid 'o((erfield, a very
famous novel by the .nglish writer, 'harles 0ic$ens.
Read the text. t is the day of 0avid 'o(erfield8s birth and his young, widowed
mother meets her dead husband8s aunt, ,etsey -rotwood.
I am born (Part I)
was born at ,lunderstone, in Suffol$. was a (osthumous child. My
father8s eyes had closed u(on the light of this world six months when mine
o(ened on it. On the afternoon of that eventful and im(ortant )riday, my mother
was sitting by the fire, very timid and sad, and very doubtful of ever coming
alive out of the trial that was before her, when, lifting her eyes to the window
o((osite, she saw a strange lady coming u( the garden. *hen she reached the
house, instead of ringing the bell, she came and loo$ed in at that window,
(ressing her nose against the glass. She gave my mother such a turn, that have
always been convinced am indebted to Miss ,etsey for having been born on a
)riday. -hen she made a frown and a gesture to my mother, li$e one who was
accustomed to being obeyed, to come and o(en the door. My mother went.
8Mrs 0avid 'o((erfield, think8, said Miss ,etsey.
87es8, said my mother faintly.
8Miss -rotwood8, said the visitor. 87ou have heard of me, dare say38
My mother answered that she had had the (leasure.
8-a$e off your ca(, child8, said Miss ,etsey, 8and let me see you. *hy, bless
my heart< 7ou are a very baby<8
My mother was, no doubt, unusually youthful in a((earance> she hung her
head, as if it was her fault, (oor thing, and said sobbing, that indeed she was
afraid she was but a childish widow, and would be a childish mother if she lived.
8*ell38 said Miss ,etsey. 8"nd when do you ex(ect38
8 am all in a tremble8, faltered my mother. 8 don8t $now what8s the matter.
shall die, am sure<8
8!o, no, no+, said Miss ,etsey. 8%ave some tea. have no doubt it will be a
girl. have a (resentiment that it must be a girl. !ow, child, from the moment of
the birth of this girl...8
8?erha(s boy...8,
80on8t contradict. )rom the moment of this girl8s birth, child, intend to be
her friend. intend to be her godmother, and beg you8ll call her ,etsey
-rotwood 'o((erfield. -here must be no mista$es in life with this ,etsey
-rotwood. She must be well brought u(. must ma$e that my care8.
$om.rehension chec/
Ex. 1. Read the (assage again and answer the {uestions. 2se your dictionary
to chec$ new words.
1. *hich of the following ad/ectives describe 0avid8s mother and which
describe ,etsey -rotwood3 *hich word describes neither of them3
bossy forceful miserable shy
confident flustered motherly wea$
im(atient frightened strong severe
insensitive mee$
9. *hy was 0avid a 8(osthumous child83 *hen had his father died3 *hat
was his father8s name3
A. *hy is that )riday called 8eventful and im(ortant83
5. *hat is 8the trial83
F. *hy is 0avid 8indebted to Miss ,etsey for having been born on a )riday83
G. *hy does Miss ,etsey call 0avid8s mother 8child83
;. %ow many reasons can you find as to why 0avid8s mother is sad and
I. *hat is ,etsey -rotwood absolutely certain about3
:. *hat 8mista$es in life@ might have ha((ened to Miss ,etsy -rotwood3
16. *hat im(ression do you form, of the characters of the two women3
Ex. 2. Read the account of ,etsey -rotwood8s conversation with 0avid
'o((erfield8s mother. )ill each ga( with a suitable word from the box. 2se each
word once only.
said begged ex(ressed added
as$ed told (x9) invited suggested
exclaimed didn8t answer introduced
Miss ,etsey -rotwood (1) ‡‡‡‡‡ herself to 0avid8s mother, who (9) ‡‡‡‡‡‡
that she had heard of her. -hen Miss ,etsey (A) ‡‡‡‡‡ her to ta$e off her ca( so
that she could see her (ro(erly. She was very sur(rised and (5) ‡‡‡‡‡‡ that
0avid8s mother loo$ed very young indeed< !ext she (F) ‡‡‡‡‡ when the baby
was due, but 0avid8s (oor mother (G) ‡‡‡‡‡ the {uestion, she /ust (;) ‡‡‡‡‡ the
fear that she would die having the baby. Miss ,etsey dismissed these fears and
(I) ‡‡‡‡‡ her to have some tea. She (:) ‡‡‡‡‡ that she had no doubt that the
baby would be a girl. 0avid8s mother tentatively (16) ‡‡‡‡‡ that it might be a
boy but Miss ,etsey (11) ‡‡‡‡‡ her not to contradict, and (19) ‡‡‡‡‡ her to call
the baby ,etsey -rotwood 'o((erfield.
Ex. 3. 7ou8re going to listen to ?art .
4isten, the answer the {uestions:
1. *ho do you thin$ Mr 'hilli( is3
9. *hat is ,etsey -rotwood+s o(inion of Mr. 'hilli(3 *hat does he thin$ of her3
A. *hat is the misunderstanding between them3
5. 0oes ,etsey go to see the baby3
F. *hat does ,etsey -rotwood hit Mr. 'hilli( with3 *hy does she hit him3
G. *hy does she leave3
;. *hat do you thin$ of ,etsey -rotwood8s behaviour3
Ex. *. Obviously you can8t remember anything about the day you were born,
but what have you been told about it3 *ho told you3 *hat did they say3 S(ea$
on the to(ic @-he day was born@.
$lass 0istening
Bothers and sisters
Pre10istening tas/.
0o a class survey.
)ind out who has any bothers andCor sisters. %ow many3 *ho has the most3
0o they li$e having lots of brothers and sisters3 0oes anyone have a twin3 %ow
many only children are there in the class3 0o they li$e being an only child3
0istening an% note1ta/ing.
4isten to two (eo(le tal$ing about their families. )irst listen to &illie, and
answer the {uestions.
1) %ow many brothers and sisters does she have3
9) *as she ha((y as a child3 *hy3 *hy not3
A) s she ha((y now3 *hy3 *hy not3
5) %ow has the family changed over the years3
F) *hat do you learn about other members of her family and friends3
!ow listen to ?hili((a and answer the same {uestions.
• %ow many children would you li$e to have3
• *hat si=e is the (erfect family3
• *ould you li$e to have a twin brother C twin sister3
Ex. 1. Read the texts and fill in the blan$s with the words and word
combinations from the lists.
Traditional weddings
n ,ritain (eo(le get married either in church or in a ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡. n the 2S"
(eo(le often get married in a house, a garden, a (ar$, a hotel, or in wedding
‡‡‡‡ as well as in church. Most (eo(le when they thin$ of a wedding, thin$ of
(eo(le getting married in church and the many customs that go with this ty(e of
wedding, called a ‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡. .ven (eo(le who are not religious often want to
have a traditional white wedding in a church.
(chapel, registry office, white wedding)
The main people at the wedding
-here are some s(ecial names for some of the (eo(le in the wedding
ceremony. -he woman who is getting married is called the ‡‡‡‡ and the man is
called the ‡‡‡‡ or groom. -he man chooses a ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡, a close man friend or
relative to (artici(ate in the ceremony and the bride has some girl friends or
relatives who are called ‡‡‡‡. -he chief bridesmaid at a wedding in the 2S" is
called the ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡ if she is single, if she is married she is the ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡
‡‡‡‡. t is traditional for the bride to wear a long white dress and a white ‡‡‡‡
and to carry flowers in a bou{uet. She is also su((osed to wear „something old,
something new, something borrowed and something blue… because this will
bring her luc$. -he groom wears a suit or sometimes a ‡‡‡‡ (in the 2S") or
‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡ (in ,ritain). .veryone else wears their best clothes and the women
often buy ‡‡‡‡ s(ecially.
(tuxedo, maid of honour, hats, bride, veil, matron of honor, morning suit,
bridegroom, best man, bridesmaids)
Before the ceremony
-he ‡‡‡‡ is not su((osed to see the ‡‡‡‡ on the day of wedding until they
meet in church as this is considered to be bad luc$. -he ‡‡‡‡ arrives at the
church first and waits inside with the best man. -he families of the bride and
bridegroom, and the wedding guests, sit in ‡‡‡‡ in the church. &ust before the
wedding ceremony begins the bride arrives at the church in a car with her ‡‡‡‡ .
-he car is usually an ex(ensive one, hired for the occasion and decorated with
(bridegroom, father, bride, ribbons, bridegroom, rows)
The ceremony
*hen the bride and bridegroom are together at the ‡‡‡‡ the (riest or
minister begins the wedding service, the bridegroom gives the bride a ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡
and says: „*ith this ring thee wed… („*ith this ring marry you…). Sometimes
the bride also gives a ring to the bridegroom. -he (riest or minister as$s the
bride and the bridegroom in turn: „*ill you have this man C woman to be your
wedded husband C wife3… -he bride and the groom each say: „ will…. "t the end
of the ceremony the ‡‡‡‡ or minister says: „ (ronounce you man and wife…
which means that you are officially married. -he bride and bridegroom then sign
the ‡‡‡‡, a s(ecial boo$ which is the official record of their marriage. "fter the
ceremony outside the church the friends of the bride and the groom throw ‡‡‡‡
or rice over them. ?hotogra(hs are usually ta$en of the bride and the groom and
their families and friends.
(register, confetti, wedding ring, altar, pries)
The reception
-he wedding rece(tion usually ta$es (lace in a hotel. ?eo(le have a s(ecial
meal called ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡ and a (arty to celebrate the wedding. 0uring the meal the
bride and the groom cut the ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡ and give it to the guests. "t the end of the
meal there are s(eeches and toasts made by the bride+s farther, the bridegroom
and the best man. mmediately after the rece(tion the cou(le usually leave for
their ‡‡‡‡. -he car they drive away in has often been decorated by their friends
with the sign ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡‡ and tin cans which are tied to the bac$ of the car.
,efore she leaves the bride throws her bou{uet to her friends to catch. "ccording
to the custom, the woman who catches it will be the next one to get married.
"fter marriage many "merican women ta$e their husband+s ‡‡‡‡ ‡‡‡‡
(family name). Other "merican women, however, (refer to $ee( their ‡‡‡‡
name. Some "merican women combine their two names.
(“just married”, maiden, wedding cake, honeymoon, last name, a wedding
Ex. 2. 'om(are "merican, .uro(ean wedding traditions with those of your
country. S(ea$ on a wedding you have been to.
Describing character
Ex. 1. A: *or$ in (airs.
0o the (ersonality {ui= below to discover what ty(e of (erson you are. 2se
a dictionary to chec$ any new words. *rite 3 for 7es, ) for !o, and 2 for
1. "re you usually smiling and ha((y3
9. 0o you en/oy the com(any of other (eo(le3
A. 0o you find it difficult to meet new (eo(le3
5. s it im(ortant to you to succeed in your career3
F. 0oes your mood change often and suddenly for no reason3
G. 0o you notice other (eo(le8s feelings3
;. 0o you thin$ the future will be good3
I. 'an your friends de(end on you3
:. s your room often in a mess3
16. 0o you get annoyed if you have to wait for anyone or anything3
11. 0o you (ut off until tomorrow what you could do today3
19. 0o you wor$ hard3
1A. 0o you $ee( your feelings and ideas to yourself3
15. 0o you often give (resents3
1F. 0o you tal$ a lot3
1G. "re you usually calm and not worried by things3
#: "s$ your (artner to do the {ui= about you. 4oo$ at your ideas and your
(artner8s ideas about you. "re they the same3
$: Match these ad/ectives with the {uestions in the {ui=.
a. untidy
b. o(timistic
c. sociable
d. tal$ative
e. reserved
f. shy
g. im(atient
h. ambitious
i. la=y
/. generous
$. moody
l. hard#wor$ing
m. easy#going
n. reliable
o. cheerful
(. sensitive
*hich are (ositive {ualities and which are negative3 *hich could be both3
*hat is the o((osite of each of the sixteen ad/ectives3 Remember that the
(refixes in1 and un1 can sometimes be used to ma$e negatives. *hich of the
ad/ectives above can use these3
Ex. 2. 'om(lete the sentences on the right so as to ma$e them synonymous
with those on the left. n each case su((ly an ad/ective with the same root as the
word(s) italici=ed in the sentences on the left.
Exam.le: 7ou can rely on him %e8s ... (reliable).
1. %e arouses (eo(le8s interest.
9. %e8s always willing to help (eo(le.
A. %e always follows conventions.
5. %e gets excited very easily.
F. %is actions are easy to predict.
G. %e works hard.
;. %e shows great discipline.
I. %e8s full of energy.
:. %e boasts a lot.
16. %e8s fond of talking.
11. %e acts on impulse.
19. %e shows good sense.
1A. %e shows a great deal of tolerance.
15. %e8s a snob.
1F. %e dis(lays great reserve.
1G. %e always considers the needs of others.
1;. %e shows great patience.
1I. %e easily gets irritated.
1:. %e shows a great deal of imagination.
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
%e8s ...
'over u( the sentences in the left#hand column and do the above exercise in
Exam.le: e!s reliable. " #ou can rely on him. %e can be relied on.
Ex. 3. Read the following ad/ectives, translate them into Russian:
kind, gay, intelligent, hard"working, generous, boastful, naive, rude, strict,
irritable, old"fashioned, permanent, inferior.
'om(lete the sentences in the right#hand column by su((lying ad/ectives from the above list
which are o((osite in meaning to those in italics in the left#hand column.
1) 0on8t you li$e modern clothes3 !o, su((ose 8m /ust ... .
9) s she la=y3 !ot at all. She8s very ... .
A) She always seems so so(histicated. ,ut underneath it all she8s {uite ... .
5) thin$ &ohn is stu(id. On the contrary, he8s {uite ... .
F) *hy are you so sad3 can8t be ... all the time.
G) Our teachers were easy#going. Ours weren8t. -hey were ... .
;) sn8t she a bit s(iteful3 !ot at all. She8s very ... .
I) s he still so good#humored3 !o, he8s often {uite ... nowadays.
:) %e acts as if he were su(erior. ?erha(s, but he feels ... and tries to hide
16) %e gives the im(ression of being
very modest.
,ut he8s {uite ... when you get to $now
11) %e8s always (olite to me. Maybe, but he8s ... to his staff.
19) "re the Scots really so mean3 !o, they8re /ust as ... as any other (eo(le.
1A) s this a tem(orary arrangement3 !o, it8s ...
Ex. * 0escribe someone in the class to your (artner, but don8t say who it is.
'an your (artner guess who it is3
Ex. + 0escribe a member of your family.
Describing physical appearance.
Ex. 1. 'hange the following sentences according to the (attern.
Pattern: Jate+s eyes are blue. T She+s blue#eyed.
1. )red+s s$in is dar$. 9. 7our hair is fair. A. %er nose is snub. 5. !ic$+s
shoulders are broad. F. 4ittle %ellen+s chee$s are always rosy. G. !ina+s eyes are
big. ;. My mother8s eyes are green. I. My aunt8s hair is grey. :. %er legs are
long. 16. -his man8s face is red. 11. %enry has a red beard.
Ex. 2. Read and translate.
1. Hlenn had cut his light#brown hair short on the sides and in the bac$, his
com(lexion was clear and healthy, red at chee$s. 9. 'hris had bushy blac$ hair,
bright#blue eyes and light com(lexion. A. %e was short, bul$y and fair. 5. ,en
was a ty(e of man as comfortable in shorts as in a suit. %e had a controlled
suave tem(erament but a wonderful imagination. F. 0onna was a beautiful,
thirtyish woman, big#boned, with light#coloured s$in and lovely green eyes. G.
%e had dee(#brown eyes, a thic$, dar$ moustache, and wavy blac$ hair. ;. -here
was something mysterious about him. ?erha(s it was his dar$, well#trimmed
beard. Or the blac$ eyes, or the flat eyebrows which ran into one another at the
bridge of his nose. %is hands, long and slender, were always in constant motion.
I. %e loo$s healthy and winsome. %is smooth, round face and light frec$les
ma$e him loo$ boyish. -he contacts he wears brighten the color of his amber
eyes. :. %er com(lexion was exce(tionally clear and showed no sign of aging.
She had soft green eyes and a thin, long#li((ed mouth. t was a face that
belonged in a maga=ine. 16. n a((earance he is an im(ressive figure. "bout 1IF
cm, well#built and strong. 11. She is $nown for her warm and friendly character.
*henever a friend is in trouble she never fails to hel(. She is always o(en#
minded and interested in other (eo(le. t8s (leasant and easy being with her. 19.
%e is a man of 56. %e wears glasses and a moustache. thin$ the glasses suit
him. %is hair is reddish, but very short, his eyes are small, blue or grey. %e is
very serious and very hel(ful. f anything goes wrong he8ll listen to your
(roblem and do his best to hel( you.
Ex. 3. -he following words and word combinations are useful for describing
(eo(le. Read and translate them.
Age #uil% 4eight Eyes $om.lexion
in herC
his A68s>
in hisCher
late teens>
in hisCher
in hisCher
early 568s>
well#built (M)>
broad#shouldered (M)>
1.;6 m>
medium height>
average height>
below average>
long eyelashes>
thic$ eyelashes>
bushy eyelashes>
thin eyebrows>
sunburned> C tanned>
4air colour 4air style Face
a brunette ())>
a blonde ())>
a redhead ())>
with (laits ())>
a fringe>
swe(t bac$>
in a bun ())>
(ony#tail ())>
bold (M)>
bolding (M)>
thinning (M)>
receding (M)>
hard#sha(ed ())
high chee$bones
high forehead>
thin li(s>
full li(s>
long nose>
straight nose>>
turned#u( nose
bro$en nose>
a cleft chin>
a (ointed chin>
double chin>
beard (M)>
moustache (M)>
side#bones (M)>
unshaven (M)>
clean#shaven (M)
a scar>
a beauty#s(ot ())
a mole>
with frec$les>
with dim(les>
with s(ots>
with wrin$les>
with lines>
with glasses>
(well) made#u( ())
2se some of the words and word combinations to describe:
a) your oldest relative
b) your youngest relative
c) another student
d) a famous (erson
e) a man C woman in the (icture
Ex. *. magine that you are tal$ing on the (hone to a (erson and arranging
your date. "s you have never seen each other before you are giving some
information about your loo$s, otherwise it will be difficult to recogni=e each
other. Ma$e u( a dialogue describing this situation.
Ex. +. Match each of the following collo{uial names for certain ty(es of
(eo(le with the correct descri(tion below.
a (ain in the nec$ a cran$ a lone wolf a dare#devil
a slow coach a tomboy a day#dreamer a golden boy
a rolling stone a busybody a s(onger a battle#axe
a. %e8s always got his head in the clouds always fantasi=ing.
b. She8s very in{uisitive about my (rivate life.
c. %e loves ta$ing dangerous ris$s.
d. %e can8t settle down.
e. %e8s always borrowing money and living off other (eo(le.
f. She8s very aggressive and bossy. She li$es to dominate.
g. .veryone thin$s he8ll get ra(id (romotion. %e+s destined to succeed.
h. %e8s always slow and behind the others in his wor$ or studies.
i. She8s got extremely odd, eccentric, unconventional ideas and theories.
/. %e8s a real nuisance. can8t stand him.
$. %e li$es to do things on his own.
l. She8s a girl who li$es to (lay rough boy8s games.
a tear away a cloc$#watcher a lay#about a miser
a wind#bag a name#dro((er a litter#lout a slave#driver
a slob a road#hog a /ay#wal$er a fare#dodger
a. She tal$s on and on about her o(inions and ideas.
b. %e $ee(s count of every (enny he has and only s(ends money if he must.
c. She li$es to mention all the famous and im(ortant (eo(le she8s met.
d. %e ma$es his em(loyees wor$ extremely hard.
e. She crosses the road without bothering to loo$ at the traffic.
f. %e8s la=y and (refers not to wor$.
g. She dro(s rubbish anywhere and never (uts it in the bin.
h. %e drives very inconsiderately of other drivers.
i. She8s only interested in leaving wor$ and going home.
/. She avoids (aying when she travels on (ublic trans(ort.
$. %e dresses and behaves in a very careless, often disgusting, way.
l. %e8s a bit wild, always getting into fights and other trouble.
Ex. ,. 'hoose the correct word.
1. %e8s a very .......... (erson # always smiling and in a good mood.
cheerful, delighted, gay, glad
9. -hey8ve been together now for 9F years and today is their silver ..........
engagement, jubilee, marriage, wedding
A. %e8s a very .......... (erson, wish he would try to be a bit more easy#going.
bad"tempered, furious, mad, wild
5. t8s best not to tell her off because she8s very .......... and she may start to cry.
sensible, sensitive, sympathetic, responsive
F. .veryone agrees that he8s a very .......... man.
beautiful, gorgeous, handsome, pretty
G. -hey8re very good friends and they .......... well together
get down, get off, get on, get up
;. -hey were going to get married in the s(ring but now they8ve .......... the
called down, called off, called out, called up
I. She invited all her .......... to her wedding.
compatriots, in"laws, parents, relations
:. -he (eo(le next door are always having very noisy ..........
debates, discussions, disputes. rows
16. %ow long has Mi$e bee .......... with Sue3
going back, going in, going out, going up
11. ?eo(le en/oy his com(any because he8s very .......... .
adorable, likeable, loveable, sympathetic
19. She has excellent taste in clothes and always dresses .......... .
scruffily, sloppily, smartly, tidily
1A. -hey fell in love at first .......... .
glimpse, look, sight, viewing
15. -heir marriage has .......... and they are no longer together.
broken down, broken in, broken out, broken through
1F. -hey aren8t divorced yet but they8re living .......... .
apart, aside, separately, single
1G. &im $nelt down and made an old#fashioned romantic .......... .
application, offer, proposal, proposition
0escribing a (erson.
. -hin$ of someone in your family. *rite three sentences about them. Read your
sentences aloud to the rest of the class.
. *hich relative did you choose3 *hy did you choose that (erson3 0id you
write about their character, a((earance, or both3
. Read the descri(tion of "unt .mily.
My aunt Emily
Of all my relatives, li$e my "unt .mily the best. She8s my mother8s youngest sister. She
has never married, and she lives alone in a small village near ,ath. She8s in her late fifties, but
she8s still {uite young in s(irit. She has a fair com(lexion, thic$ brown hair which she wears in a
bun, and dar$ brown eyes. She has a $ind face, and when you meet her, the first thing you notice
is her lovely, warm smile. %er face is a little wrin$led now, but thin$ she is still rather
attractive. She is the sort of (erson you can always go to if you have a (roblem.
She li$es reading and gardening, and she goes for long wal$s over the hills
with her dog, ,uster. She8s a very active (erson. .ither she8s ma$ing something,
or mending something, or doing something to hel( others. She does the sho((ing
for some of the old (eo(le in the village. She8s extremely generous, but not very
tolerant with (eo(le who don8t agree with her. ho(e that am as ha((y and
contented as she is when 8m her age.
†. Ho through the text again and underline li$e this:
‡‡‡‡‡‡‡‡ the (arts which describe her (hysical a((earance>
# # # # # # # the (arts which describe her character>
.............. the (arts which describe her habits.
†. )ind the following words:
$uite, a little, rather, very, extremely
%ow do they change the meaning of the ad/ectives which follow them3
†. She8s 8not very tolerant8. -his is a nice way of saying she is 8intolerant8.
Sometimes we try to be (olite by not using a negative ad/ective. *e can say not
very E the o((osite ad/ective.
2se a tactful way to describe someone who is:
a. rude c. mean e. cruel
b. boring d. ugly f. stu(id
†. *rite a similar descri(tion of a member of your family in about A66 words.
nclude the following:
# your o(inion of the (erson
# (hysical descri(tion
# their character, habits, li$es and disli$es.
4ome -ea%ing
Ex. 1. Read the text.
amily !istory
My father was .nglish, my mother Scottish, and visited Scotland recently
with the desire to discover what could about my Scottish ancestors. My
grandmother8s name was Renton. %er husband, my grandfather, s(ent most of
his wor$ing life in ndia. "fter he died she came bac$ to Scotland and settled
down with her sisters in an old house in a village called Hullance. "s a small
boy was ta$en to visit her there.
$new that my great grandfather, my grandmother8s father, had written a
boo$ about his ex(eriences as a young minister in 'anada, so went to the
!ational 4ibrary in .dinburgh to find out if they had a co(y. %owever, the visit
was a disa((ointment. -here were a number of Rentons in the catalogue. ,ut
could find no reference to my great#grandfather8s boo$.
also $new that after my great#grandfather had returned to Scotland from
'anada, he had s(ent 96 years or more as Minister of the ?resbyterian 'hurch at
!orth ,erwic$ and my mother had told me that he had six daughters, five of
whom had never married. On a beautiful sunny Saturday morning drove from
.dinburgh to !orth ,erwic$ found somewhere to (ar$ and as$ed the way to
the church. My mother had told me of the minister8s house and the minister8s
meadow, a small field, where my grandfather $e(t a few cows, and where my
grandmother and her five sisters had (layed as little girls. ,ut this was seventy
years ago.
-he street was narrow and busy with Saturday afternoon sho((ers. wal$ed
along and suddenly there it was in front of me. St. "ndrew8s 'hurch. -he main
doors were loc$ed, so made my way to the bac$, found a small door that was
o(en, let myself in and loo$ed round the church. -he sunshine flooded through
the windows and shone u(on the brass memorial (la{ues on the walls. ,ut
loo$ed in vain for the name Rentons. -hen it struc$ me that Renton was my
grandmother8s married name. ,efore that her name was... was... S(rott. Of
course. !o wonder hadn8t been able to find my great#grandfather8s boo$ in the
library. loo$ed again and soon found a (la{ue @n memory of the Rev. Heorge
*ashington S(rott, Minister of his $ir$...@.
,ehind the church, at the to( of a small hill, the minister8s house still stood
and between the house and the church lay the small meadow where my
grandmother used to (lay among the cows. -here were no cows there now, but
in one corner, standing in the shade of a tree, was a hot, grey, bored#loo$ing
don$ey. -he following Monday returned to the !ational 4ibrary in .dinburgh
and there found my great#grandfather8s boo$. Reflections on the life of a 7oung
Minister in 'anada, by the Rev. H.*. S(rott. t was dedicated to @My children
and their children8s children@.
Ex. 2. .x(lain in .nglish the meaning of following words.
1) an ancestor 9) a minister (of the church) A) a memorial (la{ue 5) one8s
married name F) meadow G) $ir$ ;) dedicated.
Ex. 3. )ill in the blan$s with (re(ositions and adverbs f necessary.
1. called my friend to find ... if he $new about 0ennis ˆ arrival.
9. *e decided to start of ... a gloomy windy morning.
A. My grandmother8s fond of $ee(ing ... old maga=ines.
5. 0on8t bother me. 8m busy ... re(airing this iron.
F. %e too$ the $ey out of his (oc$et and let himself ... .
G. 8ve been loo$ing ... my tic$et for ten minutes, but all was ... vain.
Ex. *. -ranslate the text.
.x. +. "nswer the {uestions.
a) %ow far can you trace the history of your own family3
b) *hat do you $now about your great#grand(arents3
Ex. , S(ea$ on the to(ic @My family history@.
4ome 0istening
Ex. 1. 4isten to †ivien s(ea$ing about her family.
Ex. 2. )ind .nglish e{uivalents.
[LhYRc, ]PLhV[eSgNZ, ]LPe[LSgNZ `V[V[, NaV`PLZ NRNScL, ice[RcPV [VRdV
Ex.3. -ranslate from .nglish into Russian.
to live in the middle of the country, by the way, to ta$e smb to smb, to be (ut
down, one#(arent family, to conform to, cr‰che, at a very early age.
Ex.*.*rite out the sentences with the words from the (revious exercises.
Ex.+. .x(lain what the following numbers and names mean in the life of
1F !igel !i$$i 'hris 15 %ong Jong
4eslie 9F Sri 4an$a ?atty ; 'atherine and Sarah
Ex.,. -rue or )alse. Hive the correct answer.
1. †ivien+s father is IF years old.
9. She has two brothers and two sisters.
A. %er older brother is a teacher.
5. %er other brother 'hris is a stoc$bro$er and he lives with his family in %ong
F. †ivien didn+t see her brothers very often when she was little.
G. %er (arents live in the south#west of .ngland.
;. n .ngland, the stereoty(ical family is husband and wife and 9,5 children.
I. )ew (eo(le get divorced now and live on their own.
!owadays in .ngland most women seem to want to go out to wor$.
Ex.7. -ranslate from Russian into .nglish using the text.
1.UL_`QRY T PL NR[g YRS NSLcMR [RPZ, VP icVdcL[[eNS, Z, icLa`L PR
iV`NfeSLYL, fSV \ [RPZ 9F `aVbcV`POX NRNSRc e ncLSgRa. A.t iLiO fRSaRcV
ncLSgRa e NRNSRc, `L RWR `aVR NaV`POX ncLSgRa e NRNSRc. 5.rVd`L Z QeYL a
pPdYee Z fLNSV PLaRWLYL [VeX cV`eSRYR_, L NR_fLN R]Q\ h Pe[ SVYghV `aL
cL]L a dV`. F.uR_fLN NR[gZ, hLh [PR hLQRSNZ, e][RPeYLNg T iVZaeYVNg [PVdV
NR[R_ N V`Pe[ cRnRPhV[. G.uR_fLN iLiL PL iRPNee, PV cLPgMR VP ]LPe[LYNZ
e[iVcSV[ aeNhe e part_1 | Bridesmaid | Bride
VncRPe_ a ‚ce#ŠLPh\. ;.v cV`eYLNg fRcR] dV` iVNYR
SVdV, hLh [Ve cV`eSRYe iRcRRXLYe a pPdYeb, a [RNSRfhV iV` ŠVP`VPV[, SLh
a NSRcRVSei: iLiL ]LcLnLSOaLY `RPgde, [L[L nOYL `V[VXV]Z_hV_ e
Ex.8. Retell the text.
Ex. 1. Read and translate the text.
"ichael9s 4ome
Saturday afternoon. Roger is wal$ing along ,eech "venue loo$ing for
number seven. -he building contractors8 lorries use this road to reach the
remaining building sites, and as it has been raining the road and (avements are
muddy. Roger sto(s at the front gate of number seven, a semi#detached house.
Roger (ushes o(en the gate and wal$s down the drive towards the garage at the
side of the house. %e rings the bell, at the same time wi(ing his feet thoroughly
on the doormat. Michael lets him in, and after Roger has ta$en off his raincoat
and hung it on a (eg in the hall, shows him into the living room, a light, (leasant
room overloo$ing the front garden.
-he full#length, stri(ed curtains, which cover the window and the whole
wall when it is dar$, are drawn bac$ at the moment, so that one has a good view
of the front garden. On the low windowsill stand a vase of daffodils, a bowl of
fruit and several ashtrays. -he wall(a(er has a green and white chec$ (attern,
and the ceiling is (ainted cream. " thic$, gray, fitted car(et com(letely covers
the floor. -he focal (oint of the room is the fire(lace, in which a coal#fire bla=es
cheerfully. On the mantel(iece there is a chiming#cloc$ and a number of
gleaming brass ornaments. " $itten lies curled u( fast aslee( on a thic$, semi#
circular rug in front of the hearth, around which an elegant three#(iece suite,
consisting of a sofa and two very comfortable armchairs in leather, is arranged.
-he walnut boo$cases on either side of the fire(lace are full of boo$s. n front of
the boo$case furthest away from the window stands a -† set. " stereo and a low,
rectangular coffee table with a glass to( are arranged along the wall o((osite the
fire(lace. Michael {uic$ly re#arranges the cushions on the sofa, and offers Roger
a seat.
-hey go straight from the living room into the dining room, which is s{uare
in sha(e and smaller than the living#room. -he walls are (ainted (ale yellow, the
ceiling is white. -he floor is covered with a red car(et on to( of linoleum. -he
dining#room suite, consisting of a sideboard, a dining table and four chairs is in
tea$. -he room is heated by an electric fire set into the wall. " )rench window
o(ens out onto a small (aved yard, beyond which is the bac$#garden.
-he $itchen is of medium si=e, but the s(ace has been used very efficiently.
-he various items of $itchen furniture are conveniently arranged in a line around
three walls. -he new electric coo$er and the sin$ unit with its stainless steel sin$
and draining#board and gleaming ta(s are under the window. On the left#hand
side there is a long cu(board, which stretches the whole length of the wall. t
contains sauce(ans, frying (ans, /ugs, labour#saving gadgets of various $inds,
and food. -he wor$ing to( of the cu(board has a hard, shiny, heat# and stain #
resistance surface, which can easily be wi(ed clean. )ixed to the wall above this
cu(board there is another one with sliding doors, which contains food and
croc$ery. "t the o((osite wall there is a washing machine, a refrigerator and a
small chest of drawers in which cutlery, table#cloths, serviettes are $e(t.
-he two men leave the $itchen and go u(stairs. On the way, Michael shows
Roger a built#in cu(board under the staircase, which contains an electric iron, an
ironing board, a vacuum cleaner and brooms. Michael shows Roger into the
main bedroom, which is furnished with a bedroom suite in light oa$. -he suite
consists of a double bed, bedside tables, a dressing table, a wardrobe and a
cu(board for s(are sheets, blan$ets, (illow cases, beds(reads.
-hey leave the bedroom, cross the landing and go into the bathroom. -he
bathroom walls are tiled in cream. -he wash#basin, the lavatory and the bath
itself are (in$ in colour. Over the wash#basin there is a mirror and a glass shelf
for toothbrushes, tooth(aste, sham(oo and so forth. Haily#coloured face flannels
have been hung over the side of the bath to dry. On the door there is a towel rail.
Ex. 2. "nswer the following {uestions, using words and (hrases from the
1. *hy are the road and (avements muddy3 9. *hat sort of house is number
seven3 A. *hat does Roger do after (ushing o(en the front gate3 5. *hat does
he do while ringing the bell3 F. *hat does he do with his raincoat3 G. *hat is
the wall(a(er li$e3 ;. *hat is the floor covered with3 I. *hat is the focal (oint
of the living#room3 :. *here is the $itten3 16. *hat does the three#(iece suite
consist of3 11. *hat is there along the wall o((osite the fire(lace3 19. *hat
does Michael do before offering Roger a seat3 1A. *hat sha(e is the dining#
room3 15. %ow is it decorated3 1F. *hat sort of floor covering is there in the
dining#room3 1G. %ow is the dining#room furnished3 1;.%ow is it heated3 1I.
%ow is the $itchen furniture arranged3 1:. *hat are the sin$ and draining board
made of3 96. *hat does Michael show Roger on the way u(stairs3 91. *hat
furniture is there in the bedroom3 99. %ow is the bathroom decorated and
Ex. 3. Retell the text.
Ex.1. Read and translate the dialogue.
-oger: %ello, Mi$e. %ow are you getting on3
"ichael: %ello, Roger. 8m {uite well, than$s. "nd you3
-: !ot too bad, than$s. %aven8t seen you for ages. %ave you been away3
": !o, we moved into our new house a cou(le of months ago and haven8t
had a minute to call my friends since.
-: 0o you mean to say you8ve actually found somewhere at last3
'ongratulations< ex(ect you and †era are glad to be out of that gloomy old
basement flat of yours.
": *e certainly are< Of course, the mortgage re(ayments on the new house
are rather high and we had to sell the car to (ay the de(osit.
-: *here is the house3
": t8s on the new estate at 4angley. *hat about coming over to see it for
-: !ot a bad idea.
": "re you doing anything on -hursday evening3
-: 8m afraid 8ve got a meeting.
": t8s a (ity< *e8re having a house#warming (arty on -hursday and it
would be nice to see you. Still, it can8t be hel(ed. *hat about Saturday
-: -hat8d suit me fine if it8s convenient for you.
": Hood, that8s settled, then. %ere is our address. *e8re {uite well situated
as far as (ublic trans(ort is concerned. Het off at the crossroads and wal$ down
the lane.
-: -han$s. See you on Saturday, then. Regards to †era.
": -han$s. See you.
Ex. 2 Re(roduce the dialogue.
Phonetic Exercises
Ex. 1. -ranscribe, translate and learn the following words.
(avement, curtain, daffodil, bowl, ornament, hearth, suite, leather, cushion,
linoleum, sideboard, sauce(an, gadget, surface, croc$ery, refrigerator, cutlery,
serviette, wardrobe, sham(oo, mortgage, de(osit, address, crossroads> to wi(e, to
overloo$> muddy, stri(ed, brass, medium, various, efficiently.
Ex. 2. 4oo$ u( the following words and mar$ the stress in them. -ranslate
and learn the words.
door#mat, window#sill, ash#tray, wall#(a(er, coal#fire, chiming#cloc$, draining#
board, table#cloth> fire(lace, mantel(iece, armchair> semi#detached, full#length,
semi#circular, left#hand, right#hand, heat#resistance, house#warming
Ex. 3. ntone and (re(are a good reading of the second and the third (arts of
the text.
-ranslate and learn the following words.
. a building site, a housing estate, an industrial estate, a residential area, in the
suburbs, on the outs$irts, a (avement, a drive, a front garden, a bac$ garden, to
be situated within easy reach of sho(s and metro stations (PR`LYRhV VS ‹), to be
a five#minute wal$ from (nOSg a iZSe [eP\SLX XV`gnO VS ‹), a front door, a
door#mat ( to wi(e one+s feet on the door#mat)>
. a )rench window, a window#sill, full#length curtains ( on the window),
(ar{uet, linoleum, a fitted car(et, a rug, wall(a(er ((lainC(atterned), to be
(ainted greenCyellow, to be (in$Cred in colour, tiled walls>
. a suite, a three#(iece suite, a bedroomCdining#roomC$itchen suite>
a sofa T a comfortable long seat with raised arms and a bac$>
a divan T a long soft seat or bed (divan#bed) usually without arms or bac$>
a settee T a long seat with a bac$ and usually arms>
a couch T a long seat li$e a bed for sitting on or lying on during the day>
a sofa with some cushions, a wall#unit with some sections, a sideboard, a
wardrobe, a chest of drawers, a chair, an armchair, a stool, a coffee table with a
glass to(>
a cu(board T a (iece of furniture where clothes, (lates, food, etc. can be stored>
a closet ( "m... ) T a cu(board built into a wall of a room and going from floor
to ceiling>
a built#in cu(boardCwardrobe, refrigerator, an electric coo$erC a gas#stove>
a sin$ T usually found in a $itchen, a (wash)basin T usually found in a bathroom>
a sin$ unit with a sin$, a draining# board and ta(s for cold and hot water>
a dish#washer> cutlery> croc$ery>
a writing#des$ with drawers to $ee( (a(ers in>
a (ieceC an item of furniture> a (iece of adviceCnewsCart>
a dining table (a table es(ecially for having meals on )> a dinner table ( the table
on which dinner is now being served)>
a dish T a large flat , often round container from which food is (ut into other
(eo(le+s (lates>
a (late T a flat, usually round dish from which food is eaten: dinnerCsou(Cdessert
†. a flat (a(artment "m.), a well#(lannedC badly#(lanned flat, a five#storeyedC a
many#storeyedC a high#rise building, to live in Hagarin "venue, to live in
?ush$in street, in ?alace S{uare, on the †olga .mban$ment
Vocaulary Exercises
Ex.1. *hat do we call the following3
1. the inhabited rooms of a house, which are wholly or (artly underground
9. a large area of land on which many houses have been built by a (rivate firm or
a local council
A. a (arty given to celebrate moving into a new house or flat
5. a (iece of land u(on which building is in (rogress
F. the (art of the street reserved for (edestrians
G. the (art of the garden which is covered with closely#cut, smooth grass
;. the (art of the garden leading from the front gate to the garage
I. the flat shelf below a window
:. a car(et that is cut so that it covers the whole floor
16. the shelf above the fire(lace
11. a small, thic$ car(et ( often found in bedrooms or in front of the fire(lace)
19. the (art of a room immediately in front of the fire
1A. a set of matching furniture consisting of a sofa and two armchairs
15. the outlying residential areas of a town
1F. the areas on the outermost edge of a city or town
1G. a house which is not /oined to another
1;. the front or face of a building
1I. a heating system in which hot water or steam is circulated from a central
source in a building
1:. a room immediately under the roof of a house
96. a lightly built wooden building which is used for storing such things as tools,
bicycles, firewood, coal, etc.
91. a multi#storeyed office#building
99. munici(al and government offices, -own %alls, schools, etc.
Ex.2. "nswer the {uestions using the †ocabulary.
1. *here are the boo$s $e(t3 9. *here are the $nives, for$s and s(oons
$e(t3 A. *hat do we (ut fresh fruit in3 5. *here are hairbrushes, combs, bottles
of (erfume, hairs(rays and various $inds of ma$eu( $e(t3 F. *here do we $ee(
the cu(s, saucers, (lates, sugar basins, etc. which we use every day3 G. *here do
we $ee( our suits, coats, s$irts, dresses, etc.3 ;. *here are cloc$s often (laced in
,ritish homes3 I. *here are (otted (lants usually (laced3 :. *here are fro=en
foodstuffs $e(t3 16. *hat do you hang your hat and coat on after entering a
house3 11. *hat do you wi(e your feet on before entering a house3 19. *hat do
you boil water in3 1A. *hat do you ma$e tea or coffee in3 15. *hat do you (ut
mil$ in before (lacing it on the table3 1F. *hat do we (ut sugar in before
(lacing it on the table3 1G. *hat do you (lace on your la( when having a meal3
1;. *hat do we swee( the floors with3 1I. *hat does a bedroom suite consist
of3 1:. *hat does a three#(iece suite consist of3 96. *hat does a dining#room
suite consist of3
Ex. 3. -ranslate the sentences from .nglish into Russian. ,e ready to give
their bac$ translation.
1. *e live on the twentieth floor of a high#rise building. 9. %e (ressed the
button to call the lift. A. %e too$ the lift to the 15
floor. 5. *ho lives in the to(
flat3 F. -hey are building a new bloc$ of flats not far from ours. G. -his house
has all the latest conveniences. ;. 'entral heating will be installed in these
houses next year. I. -heir electricity was cut off because they didn+t (ay the bill.
:. t+s convenient to have a rubbish chute in a bloc$ of flats. 16. " modern
$itchen must be e{ui((ed with different $itchen a((liances, such as food mixers
or dishwashers. 11. %ang your coat u( in the hall. 19. n the evening our family
used to gather in the living#room. 1A. She s(read her boo$s on the dining table
and settled down to study. 15. wish you wouldn+t tal$ about these nasty
sub/ects at the dinner table. 1F. ?eo(le (refer colour -† sets to blac$#and#white
ones. 1G. -his dishwasher is the latest model. 1;. Ma$e yourself comfortable in
this armchair. 1I. *e+ve (ut u(Chung (lainC(atterned wall(a(er in the bedroom.
1:. )rom his tri( to 'hina he brought a set of rare old 'hinese (rints. 96. -he
children+s bedroom is on the to( floor. 91. %e (ut the boo$ on the bedside table,
and turned off the light. 99. *hat time shall set the alarm cloc$ for3 9A. "
lam(#shade is a decorative cover (laced over a lam( to reduce its light. 95. She
was sitting at the dressing#table staring at her image in the mirror. 9F. *e+ve
bought a full#length mirror for our hall. 9G. -his cu(board is built#in. 9;. ?ut
your coat on a hanger and leave it in the hall. 9I. t+s getting dar$ T +d better
draw the curtains. 9:. -he room had a nice cosy feel. A6. -he letter is in my des$
drawer. A1. usually write letters in the writing#(ad. A9. "ccording to the
calendar my birthday falls on a Sunday this year. AA. -here is an electric ty(e#
writer on the secretary+s table. A5. +ve only read 0ic$ens in translation. AF.
-hey+re studying "rabic in order to read the Joran in the original. AG. %e lay on
the sofa with cushions under his head. A;. -he dirty dishes were (iled in the
sin$. AI. left the ta(s running and the bath overflowed. A:. turned on the ta(
and hot water came out. 56. -a$e a (ac$et of sugar from the cu(board. 51. 'oo$
the (asta in a large (an of boiling water. 59. ?lease, (ut the $ettle on. 5A. -he
coffee(ot had a chi((ed s(out and no lid. 55. 0on+t leave the dishes soa$ing in
the sin$ T doCwash them after the meal.

Ex. *. nsert (re(ositions or (ost#verbal adverbs.
*e have a nice flat ... the centre ... 4eningrad. t is ... the second floor
... a new house. t is a two#room flat ... a $itchen. -here is a refrigerator to
$ee( food cool ... hot weather and a $itchen cu(board ... (lates and
dishes. 9. %ow many multi#storeyed buildings is there ... your street3 A.
*e have a lot ... furniture ... our dining#room. 5. ?eter has got a nice
cottage in the country but ... any conveniences. F. -he 2niversity is not
far ... my house. ,oth are ... the !eva .mban$ment. G. Our -† set is ... a
s(ecial little table ... the wardrobe ... the right ... the window. ;. -here is
no room ... the sofa and the boo$case ... the armchair. I. -here are no
engineers ... my friends. :. " (ortrait of ?ush$in is hanging ... the writing#
des$. 16. t is rather dar$ to write here because there is no lam( ... the
table. ?ut that reading#lam( ... the table and switch it ... . 11. *ho is
sitting there ... the armchair ... front ... the -† set3 # t is a friend ... mine.
19. ... my o(inion this flat is too small ... your family though am fond ...
it. t is so light and warm. 1A. ... the right there is a boo$case to $ee(
boo$s ... . 15. "re we moving ... our new flat next Saturday3 -hen we
must start (ac$ing our things. 'ome, ?eter. 4et+s begin ... the
boo$s. *e+ve got lots ... them. 1F. *hy aren+t there any curtains ... the
windows yet3 # +ve got sil$ ones, but they+re too good ... $itchen#
curtains. +m going to buy something chea(er.
Ex.+. -ranslate from Russian into .nglish using vocabulary.
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hcLNeaRR e NVacR[RPPRR, fR[ icRQPe_. F. uRcOR [PVdVsSLQPOR `V[L, hLh
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iceaYRhLSRYgPO[. G. K iZSe [eP\SLX XV`gnO VS [VRdV `V[L T hePVSRLSc. ;.
~L]aR [O PR `c\]gZ3 T }Vd`L [RQ`\ PL[e PR `VYQPV nOSg NRhcRSVa. I.
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hcLNeaO_ YePVYR\[, L a dVNSePV_ # iLchRS N ePSRcRNPO[ ceN\PhV[. 16.
oSNb`L `V NSLPkee [RScV PRNhVYghV [eP\S XV`gnO. 19. mVN[VSce PL sS\
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Vocaulary Extension
I. A: Places at home.
7ou (robably already $now the names of most rooms and locations in a ty(ical
home. %ere are some less common ones and what they are for.
# utility room: usually /ust for washing machine, free=er, etc.
# shed: small building se(arated from the house usually for storing garden tools
# attic: room in the roof s(ace of a house (could be lived in)
# loft: s(ace in the roof of a house usually used only for storage
# cellar: room below ground level, no windows, used for storage
# basement: room below ground level, windows, for livingCwor$ing
# landing: flat area at the to( of a staircase
# hall: o(en area as you come into a house
# (orch: covered area before an entrance#door
# (antry or larder: large cu(board (usually big enough to wal$ into) for storing
# terrace or (atio: (aved area between house and garden for sitting and eating,
# study: a room for readingCwritingCstudying in
#. 2mall o:ects aout the home
Ordinary, everyday ob/ects are often difficult to name and are often not listed in
dictionaries. %ere is /ust a sam(le of such words. Hive their Russian e{uivalents.
# remote control> (ower#(oint and (lug> table#mat> coaster> cor$screw> tea#towel>
# washing#u( li{uid> grater> ironing#board> dust#(an and brush> bin#liners> mo(.
!!. $om5ortale; $on'enient
%omfortable is formed from the noun comfort, which means @(hysical well#
being, a state free from (ain or irritation@. -hus a comfortable chair is one in
which the body feels at ease, comfortable shoes are ones which do not cause the
feet any (ain or irritation.
%omfortable is most often used of chairs, beds, etc., clothes, houses, and
flats (meaning comfortably furnished) and means of trans(ort. %owever, it may
be used in a wider sense, to mean:
") ha#ing or pro#iding comfort$
e.g. 1. %e has a very comfortable life.
e.g. 2. -hey have a comfortable income.
%) simple and undemanding$
e.g. 3. %is life had settled into a comfortable routine.
t is also used of sic$ (eo(le, meaning @free from excessive (ain@, @as well
as can be ex(ected@.
e.g. *. -he (atient was said to be comfortable after the o(eration.
%onvenient means @avoiding trouble or difficulty@, or @serving to ma$e a
tas$#easier@. -hus a convenient time for a meeting is one which fits in well with
one8s other activities, a convenient (lace is one which is easily reached, and so
on. †arious tools and household a((liances (for exam(le, washing machines,
electric mixers, (otato#(eelers) can be called convenient.
%onvenient can be com(ared with comfortable in the following exam(les:
e.g. +.
a comfortable seat "
one in which the body feels at
a convenient seat "
one which is, for exam(le, easy
to reach (in a bus, theatre, etc)
e.g. ,.
a comfortable train " one with
sort seats, etc.
a convenient train " one which
runs at a suitable time
e.g. 7.
a comfortable dress " one which
does not restrict one8s movement
or is easy to wash, etc.
a convenient dress " one which
can be worn on various occasions
!!!. o5 houses< .laces .eo.le li'e in.
1. detached> semi#detached, terraced houses
9. cottage# a small, old house, es(. in the country
A. bungalow # a house which is all on one level (,r. .)
5. ranch house # a house build on one level
F. mansion # a large, grand house belonging to a wealthy (erson
G. (alace # a large, grand house belonging to a $ing or {ueen.
;. villa # a large house with big gardens or a rented house in a holiday resort C
tourist area.
I. time#share # a holiday flat or house where you have the right to live one or
two wee$s a year.
1. flat (,r..), a(artment ("m..) # a set of rooms (including a $itchen and a
bathroom) within a larger building
9. bedsit(ter) (,r..) # a small, one#room flat
1. -he (lace where you live is your home, whatever ty(e of house it is:
e.g. "fter the (arty we went home to our flat.
,ritish s(ea$ers often consider that your home is the (lace where you belong (to
belong B to be in the right (lace and situation) and feel comfortable, and is more
than /ust a house:
e.g. Our new house is beginning to loo$ more li$e a real home.
2. n "merican .nglish home can also be used for the actual building.
e.g. She has a beautiful home.
e.g. @!ew omes for Sale@.
!ouse' Bloc( (of lats)
-he meaning of house is much narrower than that of the Russian @`V[@.
t can be defined as follows: a building intended for one household (usually a
family) to live in. .nglish houses usually have two or three storeys and are built
of bric$ or stone. -hey may be detached (standing alone, with some s(ace on
each side), semi"detached (/oined in (airs) or terrace(d) (/oined together in a
row, which is called a terrace).
e.g. 1. -hey live in a detachedCsemi#detachedCterrace(d) house.
e.g. 2. 0etached houses are usually more ex(ensive than semi#detached or
terrace(d) houses.
n s(ite of the fact that semi#detached and terraced houses are /oined
together, each dwelling is considered to be a se(arate house, because it has its
own entrance door o(ening onto the street and is {uite se(arate from the
neighbouring house(s) inside.
&lats differ from houses in that they are built in blocks (a block of flats) with
a common entrance and staircase. "ll the rooms in a flat are on one level (hence
the name), in contrast to a house, which nearly always has a least two storeys.
-hus house and flat may be use in contrast to each other.
e.g. 3. 0o they live in a house or a flat3
e.g. *. .nglish (eo(le generally (refer houses to flats.
-he word house should not be used of a building consisting of flats. %ere
only block (of flats) is a((ro(riate. %ere are some sentences showing how these
words can be used correctly with reference to Soviet cities:
e.g. +. live in a(n) big ColdCnewCmodern bloc$ of flats.
old CnewCmodern flat.
e.g. ,. -hey are building a lot of new flats on the outs$irts of 4eningrad.
e.g. 7. "ll these modern bloc$s (of flats) loo$ the same to me.
e.g. 8. *e live in the tall bloc$ on the corner.
e.g. =. -here8s a sho( on the ground floor of our bloc$.
in the next bloc$.
e.g. 1>. -here8s a cinema near my flat.
e.g. 11. usually leave my C the flat at half (ast eight
n .ngland bloc$s of flats usually have names, but the ex(ression bloc$ 1C9CA,
etc. can be used as a translation of hVci\N 1C9CA e S.`.
.ach flat has a number (the flat number): flat 1, flat 9, and so on.
-he ex(ression house number cannot be used with reference to a bloc$ of flats,
because a bloc$ of flats is not a house. *e say for exam(le:
e.g. 12. live at no. 16 (Mar$et Street).
e.g. 13. *hat number do you live at3
.ven in the case of houses the ex(ression house number is not common.
Sim(ly number is used, as illustrated above.
e.g. 1*. -he sho( is at no. 1I (!evs$y ?ros(ect).
f it is not clear what sort of building it is, or this is not im(ortant, building
should be used.
e.g. 1+. *hen the fire started, everyone rushed out of the building.
e.g. 1,. *hat are those new buildings over there3
Far; A long ?ay
&ar is mainly used in interrogative and negative sentences:
- s it far to the station3
- t+s not very far to the station.
n affirmative sentences use a long way.
- t+s a very long way to the station.
Vocaulary Extension Exercises
Ex. 1. *here in a ty(ical house would you loo$ for the following things3
1. a ra$e A. dental
F. suitcases ;. a (ower
:. a grater
9. cutlery 5. a coat#
G. a tumble#dryer I. a (orch 16. old em(ty
Ex. 2. )ill in the room and (lace labels on the (lan of the house.
1 in the
roof: ....
9. to( of
stairs: ...
A as you
in: ....
5. where the washing
machine is: ...
F. a big cu(board for
food: ...
Ex. 3. )ill the ga(s with a suitable word.
1. 8ve got a dar$room in the ... where develo( films. t8s (erfect because there
are no windows down there. 9. s there a ... where can (lug in this radio3 A
7ou8d better have a ... under your drin$ in case you mar$ that side#table. t8s an
anti{ue. 5 -he waste#bin8s full again. 8ll em(ty it. "re there any more ...3 *here
are they3 F *e $ee( our s$is u( in the ... during the summer. -hey8re out of the
way u( there. G 7ou8ll find the garden#chairs in the ... at the bottom of the
garden. ; -he light#switch for the stairs is on the ... as you come out of your
bedroom. I 8ve moved to a ... now as found couldn8t manage the stairs any
more at my age.
Ex. *. "nswer these {uestions about yourself and, if (ossible, find out how
someone else would answer them.
1. s your house detached3 *hat sort is it if not3 9. "re time#shares common
in any (art of your country3 A. 0o houses still have (antries in your country3 5.
s it common to rent bedsits in your country3 f so, what sorts of (eo(le do so3
Ex. +. .veryday ob/ects. "nswer the following {uestions.
1. %ow can you ma$e very small (ieces of cheese to s(rin$le on a dish3 9.
*hat might you fetch if someone dro((ed a saucer and it bro$e into small (ieces
on the floor3 A. *hat could you (ut under a dinner (late to (revent it mar$ing
the table3 5. %ow can you switch off the -† without leaving your chair3
Ex.,. )ill in the blan$s with comfortable or convenient. n cases where both
are (ossible, ex(lain the difference in meaning.
1. *ill ten o8cloc$ be a ... time for you3 9. -here isn8t much food value in
(ac$et sou(s but they8re very ... . A. thin$ you will be more ... in the armchair.
5. want to (ut on some more ... shoes to go sho((ing. -hese are hurting me. F.
-he Red "rrow is the most ... overnight train to Moscow. G. -he bed in the hotel
was very .... ;. )oil is very ... for storing food and for coo$ing, too, for exam(le,
roasting chic$en. I. -he medical re(ort said that the (atient was ... :. li$e this
s$irt because it8s so ... . 16. -heir flat is more ... than mine. 11. n the evening he
li$ed to relax in a ... chair and read or watch television. 19. t8s very ... to boo$
tic$ets by tele(hone. 1A. s your timetable ... this term3 15. (%ostess to guest)
?lease ma$e yourself ... . 1F. # nstant coffee doesn8t taste li$e real coffee. # !o,
but it8s very ... . 1G. # -his settee can be (ulled out to ma$e a bed. # %ow ...< 1;.
" successful barrister has a very ... life. 1I. -he hours (of wor$) are not ... for
women with children but the management refuses to change them.
Ex. 7. )ill in the blan$s with house, flat, block (of flats), building or home, if
a word is needed.
1. live in a new ... . 9. -here are about 966 ... in our ... . A. -here are not
many tall ... in the centre of 4eningrad. 5. -he faculty ... is rather old and
inconvenient. F. *hat time do you leave ...3 G. -here8s a good film on at the
cinema near my ... . ;. *hat ... number do you live at3 I. %e noticed a strange#
loo$ing ... and as$ed his friends what it was. :. "t the new university all the ...
will be grou(ed on the cam(us: teaching ..., administrative ..., hostels, libraries,
and so on. 16. -he ?hysics )aculty ... was the first to be built. 11. -he record
sho( is at ... number AG, Heorge Street. 19. .nglish (eo(le don8t li$e living in ... .
1A. ... ta$e u( less s(ace than ... . 15. -hey say that .nglishman8s ... is his castle.
1F. live in a nine#storey ... .
Ex. 8. Hive either an affirmative using a long way or a negative using far
answers to the following {uestions.
1.0o you live far from the 2niversity3 9. s it far to the railway station from
here3 A. 0o you live far out3 (far from the center) 5. s your home far from the
bus sto(3 F. s .dinburgh far from 4ondon3 G. s it far to the sea from here3 ;. s
it far to the †olga3 I. 0id you wal$ far this morning3 :. s it far to a sho( from
here3 16.0id you swim far in summer3 11. 0o your grand(arents live far from
your (lace3 19. s it far to the library from here3
Ex. =. 'ontradict the following negative statements em(hatically, according
to the model:
't(s not far to the hotel.
#es it is. 't(s a long way.
1. t+s not far to the mar$et from here. 9. 7ou don+t live far from the
(ar$. A. 7ou didn+t wal$ far today. 5. Moscow isn+t far from †olgograd. F.
7our grand(arents don+t live far out. G. 7ou cottage isn+t far from the
river. ;. 'ranes can+t fly far. I. " relative of yours didn+t travel far this
summer. :. 7our friend doesn+t live far from the air(ort. 16.7our winter
exams are not far away. 11. 7ou can+t swim far.
Ex. 1>. -ranslate into Russian.
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