15 to 19 September 2014

ADB Headquarters
Manila, Philippines
Mohinder Singh
Dean, LTA Academy
Mohinder Singh
Advisor, LTA Academy
Singapore
UNDLk
CCNS1kAIN1S
CÞ1IMISING
S|ngapore's 1ransport Goa|s
CBD
Plgh-denslLy
houslng
49 km
25 km
Þopu|anon: S.4 m||||on
Land Area: 716 sq. km
Singapore
lnLegraLed MasLer Þlannlng &
uevelopmenL

Long Term Planning
• In 1967, the government commissioned the
State and City Planning (SCP) project to
examine general urban planning and
transportation development

• 4 year planning and studying process led to the
1971 Concept Plan - Singapore’s first integrated
land use and transport development plan
• locused on provldlng a hlgh
quallLy llvlng envlronmenL
• More houslng opuons ln Lhe clLy
Lo ln[ecL vlbrancy lnLo cenLral area
• SeL aslde land ln C8u for
developmenL of global ñnanclal
hub
1972
Concept Plan1991
Integrated Master Planning & Development

Concept Þ|ans
• 8lng Þlan sLrucLure
• Plgh-denslLy saLelllLe Lowns bullL around
cenLral waLer caLchmenL area
• Shaped Lhe key LransporL developmenLs
- Changl AlrporL, M81, expressways
neLwork
• uecenLrallsauon sLraLegy
• Commerclal cenLres Lo be developed ln
dlñerenL parLs of Slngapore
• 8rlng [obs closer Lo homes and allevlaLe
congesuon ln Lhe clLy cenLre
Manag|ng Þr|vate 1ransport Demand
Usage
Restraint
Ownership
Control
1. LlmlL ownershlp ! vCS
2. lncrease ownershlp cosL:
- Addluonal 8eglsLrauon
lee (A8l)
- Lxclse duLy
- 8oad Lax
1. LlecLronlc 8oad Þrlclng (L8Þ)
"#$%&'%() *+$,+ -. /%'-
012'+.1+3 425'&'6
2. ÞeLrol duLy
3. Plgh cosL of parklng
koad 1ransport Þo||cy
= Cwnersh|p + Usage Measure
Demand Management
Area Licensing System (ALS)
Restricted
Zone
Ang Mo Kio
CB
D
Bukit
Timah
Ang Mo Kio
CBD
Bukit
Timah
• Implemented in 1975
• Reduced traffic entering the
Restricted Zone (RZ)
65 kph 45 kph
Increase
ERP rate
Decrease
ERP rate
Expressways
30 kph 20 kph
Increase
ERP rate
Decrease
ERP rate
Arterial Roads
" ERP Rates reviewed every 3 months
" To ensure optimal use of road space
# ERP, implemented in 1998, is a
congestion management tool
which optimises the use of road
capacity through the pricing of
roads

# Flexible – rates vary by location/
time, based on local traffic
conditions

# Equitable – motorists pay for
congestion costs imposed on
others or choose to travel at
different time/route/use public
transport

Electronic Road Pricing (ERP)
Public Transport
12
Rail Network – Today (182 km)
Buses – Hub and Spoke System
HDB Towns Transport Hub City
Town A
Town B
Town C
• Feeder to/from MRT
• Long-haul journeys in corridors not
yet well served by MRT
• Serve local needs or short journeys
14
13
Land Transport Master Plan 2013
Rail Network Expansion
L1MÞ 2013 Þro[ect Lst. Comp|enon
Cross Is|and L|ne 8y 2030
Iurong keg|on L|ne 8y 202S
C|rc|e L|ne 6 8y 202S
North Last L|ne
Lxtens|on
8y 2030
Downtown L|ne
Lxtens|on
8y 202S
182 km to 360 km by 2030
Promoting Cycling
Integrated Transport Hubs
More Connection Buses
7
190 km
3,000 2013
cycling towns
to be
completed by
2015
of cycling
tracks by
2020
racks at
MRT
stations by
3Q14
year of
bicycling
sharing pilot
at Jurong Lake
District
Air-con bus interchanges and MRT/LRT stations integrated with shops
7 more Lo be compleLed ln Lhe nexL 10 years
Walk2Ride at MRT Stations

Extended from 200m to
about 400m radius
Increasing Train Frequencies
80%
Basic Services
Arriving Within 10
Minutes
95%
Feeder Services
Arriving Within 10
Minutes
Shorter Waiting
Time during Peak
Hours
Improving Bus Services
More Reliable Bus Service
Providing More Travel Options
Involving the Commuters
• Þromonng grac|ousness when tak|ng pub||c transport
smoothen trave| demand around peak hours
Cñ-peak trave| |ncennves for commuters
Iree
Lravel lf you exlL aL
deslgnaLed sLauons
before 7.43am
50.S0
dlscounL lf you exlL
from
7.43 Lo 8am
W|n pr|zes
wlLh your polnLs from
lnSlnC
Promoting a smarter way to travel
Buying more trains and improving the signalling
system to increase frequency of train arrivals
30km
more bus
lanes; from
180km today
150
more Mandatory
Give Way to Buses
signs; from >200
today
30
more bus hubs;
from >10 today
new lncenuve
and ÞenalLy
lramework
SusLalnable 1ravel -
8educlng 8ellance on ÞrlvaLe
1ransporL
• keduc|ng the dependency on pr|vate transport
• WlLh slgnlñcanL lmprovemenLs ln connecuvlLy and servlce
quallLy of publlc LransporL
• Veh|c|e Çuota System w||| connnue to manage ownersh|p
• Deve|op LkÞ II wh||e |mp|emennng LkÞ gantr|es where
needed
• keduce Þark|ng Þrov|s|ons
• 8educe parklng provlslon sLandards Lo new and developed
bulldlngs ln Lhe C8u.

19
ÞrlvaLe
1ransporL,
23°
Þubllc
1ransporL,
73°
2030
75%
of all peak hour
journeys to be made
on public transport
2008
85%
Of all public transport
journeys (less than 20 km)
to be completed within 60 minutes
8 in 10 homes
to be located within
a 10-minute walk from MRT or
LRT station
Key Targets for 2030
• Increase peak public transport
Modal Share to 75%
• 85% of PT users’ Door-to-Door
travel time <= 1 hour (<20km)
• 80% households within 10min
walk of a train station
25%
75%
PT
2020 Target:
Reduce PT Travel Time to
<= 1.5 times of car
THANK YOU