ERITREA

FACTSHEET
August 2014

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HIGHLIGHTS
35
Identified separated
children
632
Households provided with
cash grants in year 2014
77
Household items
distributed since January
10
Shelters distributed since
January
Population of concern Funding
A total of 3,080 people of concern
By country of origin
Country Total PoC
Somalia 3049
Others 106
Total 3155

USD 4,177,407 million requested
Funded
26%
Gap
74%


UNHCR Presence
Staff:
12 national staff
3 international staff
8 affiliate staff (National and international)
Offices:
Asmara and Field presence in Umkulu, Massawa



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WORKING WITH PARTNERS
On 01 August, UNHCR Eritrea took part in the second meeting between representatives from
Eritrean Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA), UN Resident Coordinator’s Office (UNRCO) and
UNHCR to discuss cooperation between UN and the State of Eritrea on combatting the
trafficking of Eritrean citizens, as well as to explore what support the UN and UNHCR could
provide in preparation of the Regional Conference on Trafficking and Smuggling in the Horn of
Africa, slated for October, 2014 in Khartoum, the Sudan. Discussions are continuing.

MAIN ACTIVITIES
International Protection
UNHCR Eritrea participated in two teleconferences with Headquarters and UNHCR Ethiopia over
the return of Eritrean UASC from Ethiopian camps. The second teleconference was also attended
by ICRC Headquarters staff and Ethiopia. The pilot phase of the initiative foresees voluntary
return of 15 UASC under the age of 13. ICRC Eritrea has received assurances from the
Government of the State of Eritrea on their support for the initiative, which also includes a
monitoring component inside Eritrea. The major blockage for the initiative had been ICRC’s lack
of access to camps in Ethiopia.
A Staff Member from the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Nairobi came on
mission to Asmara to facilitate the pre-departure formalities of 32 Somali refugees scheduled to
depart to Canada (30 individuals) and Australia (2 individuals) on 3rd of September 2014,
including pre-departure medical screening and exit visa issuance. In the course of September and
October, three additional IOM Staff Members are expected in-country to support the various
Cultural Orientation Classes, as well as the scheduled departures.
IOM has confirmed the resettlement departures of a total of 204 Somali refugees residing in
Umkulu refugee camp, Massawa. It is anticipated that 30 Somali refugees will travel to Canada
and 2 Somali refugees to Australia on 3
rd
of September 2014. A total of 49 Somali refugees will
also depart for Australia on the 15
th
(18 individuals), 17
th
(22 individuals) and 24
th
(9 individuals)
of September 2014.
125 additional Somali refugees are also scheduled to travel to the Emergency Transit Centre (ETC)
in Hummene, Slovakia for further resettlement processing to the United States of America in late
September/beginning of October. The exact timing of departures is contingent on the date of
issuance of ICRC travel documents by the Delegation in Asmara and Slovakia visa in Nairobi.
During the regular continuous registration mission: 14 New Born Babies, 3 deaths, 1 divorce and
1 Marriage, were registered in the ProGres Database.

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Education
The Umkulu Refugee Camp School Parents and Teachers Association (PTA) has been established
and a by-law passed for its operation. It will begin its functions from the next scholastic year, i.e.,
September 2014. The PTA has 9 members of whom3 are women. The gender composition meets
the Ministry of Education PTSA directive threshold of 30% women but falls short of UNHCR’s own
standard of 50%.
In collaboration with the Bureau of Standards and Evaluation/Eritrea Institute of Technology, a
total number of 22 Somali Refugee teachers teaching in primary and junior level classes in
Umkulu school are participating in a Teachers Training summer programme. Out of the total, 11
are taking Advanced Level courses and the remaining 11 are participating in the Basic Level
course. The Representative and other staff visited and interacted with the students at the
training centre. The training will end mid-September 2014.
Reinstatement of Life Skills Education: As part of sensitization and awareness-raising campaigns
to fight against FGM/C, teenage pregnancy, early marriage and other forms of SGBV, the school
in Umkulu Refugee Camp will resume life skills education in the next academic year for 6th to 8th
graders.
Focus group discussions were held with high school girls. The topics covered were: the negative
health and psychosocial consequences of FGM/C and early marriage. These harmful practices
have been commonplace, largely due to their being culturally and socially accepted within the
community. The Eritrean Proclamation No. 158/2007 that prohibits FGM/C in all its forms that
has been translated into the Somali language and was shared with the participants of the focus
group discussion. They all signed the individual declaration statements to abandon FGM/C.
Focus Group Discussion with members of the Women Association was also held on FGM/C. In the
session, topics on religious, culture, health, legal and economic perspectives of FGM/C were
shared. The Eritrean Proclamation No. 158/2007 mentioned above was also shared. All
participants signed the individual declaration statements to abandon FGM/C. The participants
said that they have been given this kind of seminars for the past three to four years and they are
on the right track to abandon the practice. Need was expressed for continuous campaigns to
avoid relapse.
A Focus Group Discussion with Health and Nutrition Providers (HNPs) was also held along the
above lines and related actions undertaken and agreed to.

Food Security and Nutrition
Quick Nutrition Assessment was carried out from18 – 22 August 2014. The anthropometric
measurements of weight, height and MUAC were applied and 365 children were screened. The
main indicator was the level of severe and moderate acute malnutrition among 6 to 59 months
old children. The summary of results based on WHO 2006 standard analysis of WHZ scores
indicate prevalence of global acute malnutrition (<-2 z-score and/or oedema) to be 10.4%,

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prevalence of moderate acute malnutrition to be 9.9% and prevalence of severe acute
malnutrition to be 0.5%. The results clearly indicated significant improvement in the nutritional
status of children. Distribution of CSB+ (no sugar) as part of general ration and Plumpy nuts
given to severely malnourished children has contributed towards the improvement of both
severe and moderate malnutrition. The health and nutrition promoters also conducted regular
visits to targeted children (both SAM and MAM) at home to check the families’ feeding practices
and to give advice on the proper food preparation and intake.

Community Empowerment and Self-Reliance
Office for Refugee Affairs and UNHCR staff met with the two livestock Self Help Groups (SHGs) to
check the performance of the groups. The SHGs are small, informal and have groups of about
twenty members each. Among the members are selected as chair, secretary and treasurer and
two members are selected as representatives. The office bearers are selected for a period of one
year. Members of the group were encouraged to meet every month to discuss group savings and
other issues of concern to them and advised to make voluntary contributions on a regular basis.
It was explained to the group how the joint contributions they make now will enable them to
make small interest-bearing loans to their members in future. Participation of women in (SHGs)
made a significant impact on their empowerment in social aspects.


UNHCR is grateful for the generous contributions of donors who have given earmarked and broadly
earmarked contributions to UNHCR this year as well as the following donors who have directly contributed to
the operation, i.e. the Swiss Embassy in Sudan – USD 11,600





Contacts:
Ron Mponda, Representative, MPONDA@unhcr.org, Tel: +291 1 182 484
Monica Modici, Communications Speciliast, modici@unhcr.org, Tel: +291 1 182 484, Cell +291 7 307044