Electrical Energy Generating System

Description and Function:
The Generation of Electrical Power requires the presence of electrons with various methods of
stimulation, yielding magnetic and electrical impulses, collectively resulting in Electrical Energy
(Power). In place of the mechanical coils and magnet system, present in conventional electrical
power generation, visi!le moving parts are replaced !y resonate magnetic induction, using radio
frequency. Transfer of energy !y resonate induction is related to the ratio of the square of the cycles
per second.
The Energy "ystem, presented here, operates at millions of cycles per second verses the
conventional #$ %.P.". This tells us that it has a frequency advantage over conventional methods.
This same advantage applies to the amount of electrical energy output. Therefore the &evice is small
in si'e and produces large amounts of Electrical Energy. The Electrons acquired, are from the
surrounding (ir and Earth Groundings, !eing the same source as in conventional methods. This is
accomplished !y magnetic resonate radio induction.
Applications:
This Electrical "ystem adapts nicely to all Energy )equirements. It is a direct replacement for all
e*isting Energy "ystems. This includes such things as +anufacturing, (gricultural, ,ome -sage,
.ffice %omple*es, "hopping %enters, )ail Transportation, (utomo!iles, Electrical Power Grids,
+unicipalities, "u!divisions, and )emote (reas. /riefly, the only limiting factor is the imagination.
Economic Possibilities:
0o ,istorical )eference Point e*ists for a comparison of the Possi!ilities of this "ystem. .ne can
see from the impacted applications listed a!ove, that the magnitude e*ceeds any 1nown invention,
presently a part of the ,uman E*perience.
Present and Future Plans:
The Energy "ystem has !een in the developmental stage during the past seven years. It is Patent
Pending 2 $345$$,$67 with the Patent .ffice. 0o prior art e*ists according to the Patent .ffice8s
response. The "ystem is presently !eing introduced into the 9orld +ar1et.
-seful energy occurs as the result of im!alances in the am!ient !ac1ground energy, which is a transient
phenomena. In the electrical field, it is a closed system su!:ect to heat death, which severely limits it8s
utility. The flip side of the electron, produces magnetic waves which are an open system, not su!:ect to
heat death. These waves, !eing unrestricted, are the universal source of energy when unlimited resonate
duplicates from this one source are availa!le. Therefore, the 1ey to unlimited energy, is +agnetic
)esonance. In order to understand this, requires putting a sta1e through the ,eart of (ntique Physics.
0onlinear and .pen "ystems are universally availa!le in +agnetic )esonance "ystems, E*plosions of
any sort ;including (tomic E*plosions< and %om!usti!les of any type. +echanical equivalents would !e
levers, pulleys and hydraulics. ( highly o!vious e*ample is the Piano where the =ey impacts the one note
giving one sound level, which resonates with it8s two side 1eys providing a much higher sound level.
+agnetic )esonance Energy clearly amplifies itself, demonstrating more energy out, than in.
.hmic resistance does not apply to +agnetic )esonance which travels unrestricted for great distances,
therefore multitudes of electrons are distur!ed, and their !ac1spin translates magnetic into usa!le electric
energy. The right angle component which the magnetic flu* provides, translates into useful electrical
energy. Ta1en at right angles, the +agnetic &ipole provides an unlimited source of electrical energy. The
writer is recogni'ed worldwide for his 1nowledge and e*perience. "ee his 9e! "ite at altenergypro.com .
Gravity is a function of spin phenomenon as o!served in gravity separation of liquids. 9hen spun, mil1
and cream separate. Therefore, relative specific gravity is function of mass versus spin. +agnetics and
gravity are !oth spin related. In part, a top levitates when spun. Therefore, spinning magnetic fields are a
functional motor source as in flying saucers.
ABSTRACT: Technol ogy of New Energy:
&evelopments in the understanding of Electricity, along with +aterials which were not previously
availa!le, allows the construction of &evices which collect energy in large quantities, from the Earth8s
(m!ient Electrical /ac1ground. This Energy is naturally occurring, environmentally !enign and is
availa!le everywhere. It is availa!le wherever and whenever it is required. 0ew &evices use )esonate
+agnetic 9aves which replicate upon spinning the locally present electrons, providing multiple duplicate
copies of the Energy Present. Each electron when spun yields !oth magnetic and electric waves in equal
proportion. The electrical component is a closed system limited !y .hms >aw. The magnetic component is
an open system not limited and it replicates multiple copies of the energy present.
"pecial materials and recent developments allow the magnetic energy to reproduce, through resonance,
unlimited duplicate copies acquired from the am!ient !ac1ground. These &evices harvest the energy that
has !een, and is always present universally. %onventional methods consist of coils and magnets systems.
-pon moving past each other, the magnetic flu* field distur!s electrons which yield electricity, which is
collected !y the coils system. This is accomplished electronically with the new technology, without any
moving parts and the energy is multiplied such that the &evice !ecomes selfsustaining once it is started.
This Technology, already presented 9orldwide, will !e shown at the %onference.
&r. "mith
www.altenergypro.com email
donsml?earthlin1.net
@Putting a sta1e through the ,eart@ and thus removing the mental !loc1 created !y antique physics is
required. %onditions wherein this !ecomes necessary are nonlinearity, resonance and e*plosions of any
sort. %om!usti!les of any sort such gasoline and atomic e*plosions are good e*amples wherein more
energy out than in, is o!vious. Aou can add to that the nonlinearity found in pulleys, hydraulics, steam
power and suchli1e. +agnetic resonance is a highly o!vious source for multiplying energy output. The
sound system present in the piano, demonstrates this very clearly. Energy amplification clearly present in
the a!ove, demonstrates the silliness attested to !y many Physicists.
.hmic resistance does not apply to magnetic resonance which travels unrestricted for great distances,
therefore multitudes of electrons are distur!ed, and their !ac1spin converts from magnetic energy to
usa!le electric energy. These same electrons have !een around from the !eginning of time and they are
undiminished and will remain so until the end of time.
E L E C T R I C A L E E R G! S ! S T E "S P R E FAC E
-seful Electrical Energy is o!tained directly from electron spin induced !y incoming magnetic waves, or
indirectly through mechanical e*change as in dynamo type devices. "imply put, electron spin converts
from magnetic to electrical energy and vice versa. 0ature provides grand scale magnetic wave induction
throughout the universe, for free. In Electrical "ystems, movement is at right angles to the direction of
current movement. This e*plains the rotary movement of the Earth and other related "ystems. The rate of
"pin for the Earth is 1nown as well as the mass (B.C3 * 5$
D7
=g @Physics for "cientist and Engineers
@
, !y
)aymond (. "erway, "aunders %ollege Pu!lishing, Dnd Ed. page D33, Ta!le 57.D), therefore the amount of
incoming Electrical Energy which produces this action can !e calculated.
It can !e seen quite easily, that the incoming magnetic wave energy is East and %ontinuous. (s an
accretion mass, the Earth is an Energy "in1, getting it8s energy from elsewhere, !eing %osmic, Galactic
and "olar. %onversion of incoming magnetic waves into electrical energy provides an unending,
ine*pensive and environmentally friendly source availa!le to all. %osmic and Galactic Energy is availa!le
twenty four hours per day. >arge amounts of this Energy accumulates in the Earth8s radiation !elts. This
Giant Energy "torage, when properly understood, provides a ma:or source of free unending electrical
energy. Each of +y Inventions plugs into this vast energy source.
( perverse, Intentional Ignorance on the part of the Esta!lishment, prevents recognition of the importance
of the Energy "ystems shown here. (ny new system which is favora!le towards the masses, is considered
as disruptive, and therefore not allowed. Those who have the (Gold) Energy )ule (Golden rule ) +andated
&estruction of all ,umanity is not a consideration.
This Presenter will remove some of the Fog placed with the intention of preventing the recognition of this
unending, environmentally clean, electrical energy "ource, which is present everywhere throughout the
-niverse. The %ost of ,arvesting and -sing this Free Energy is a function of ,uman "tupidity.
RESONANCE CIRCUITS DEMO
Used to demonstrate electromagnetic radiation between two
UC circuits - one a transmitter and the other a receier!
"hen the #!$ olt %ower transmitter is %ulsed& the radiated
signal is %ic'ed u% by the remote receier circuit which then
lights u% a () olt neon lam%!
"ith this a%%aratus& the student *uic'ly understands some
basic %rinci%les goerning wireless communication&
broadcasting& etc!
+it: ,#)--#. /-0!0$
T,E "%IE0%E ".-)%E
9(>&./.)., +(I0E $7B6D
P... /.G 6D6
Tel. 53$$DCCB7#C
info?thesciencesource.com
&iagram of transmitter and receiver coils
#LTI "ATE EERG! S$#RCES
( human is a spec1 of dust on Earth, the "olar "ystem is a spec1 of dust in the Gala*y and in turn, the
Gala*y is a spec1 of dust in the -niverse (%osmos). (ll of these respectively represent vast am!ient energy
reservoirs. (wareness of the "un, opens doors into other energy sources. Electromagnetic Energy which is
present everywhere throughout the -niverse, is accessed !y catalytic activity, directly as in "olar %ells or
indirectly as !y mechanical means. )esonate, +agnetic 9aves (Faraday8s @(ction at a &istance@) allow
Energy (ctivation Transfer to remote points of usage. The method of capture and use of this Energy is
optional, and therefore it8s cost is a function of ,uman "tupidity (FreeEnergy).
&irect access is more desira!le, and technology transfer from "olar %elltype &evices provides the
%atalyst. Enormously high (m!ient Energy >evels are not detected !y instruments that use the (m!ient
/ac1ground as a )eference Plane. ( spoonful of water lifted from the .cean does not define the .cean.
Incoming magnetic waves are reflected, &eflected or a!sor!ed. &eflected +agnetic 9aves spin electrons
sideways producing useful Electrical Energy. (!sor!ed 9ave Energy produces heat, therefore a hot
interior for the Earth. In Electrical "ystems physical movement is in the direction of current flow, frictional
drag from inflow current defines gravity. (ccretion masses resulting from Energy "in1s, provide all solid
entities with their respective gravitational effect.
Increasing the tolerance level for Intellectual (wa1ening opens &oors of )eality. These doors !lin1 into,
and out of e*istence, and upon recognition, !enefit +an1ind. .pening some of these &oors, which at the
present time are seen through a deep fog, is our purpose. E*ploring -nrecogni'ed Energy "ources, which
are a Part of the (m!ient /ac1ground, is another goal. .ur (vaila!le Instruments do not use reference
planes which allow recognition of this energy, as we shall see, vast Energy "ources that totally surround us
are availa!le through Technology Transfer. They are ine*pensive (Free), fully selfrenewa!le and
environmentally !enign.
Incoming +agnetic 9ave Energy with Faraday8s @action at a distance@ will !e loo1ed at closely. Particle
Physics will !e left for the (strophysics. E*cited Electrons at point @(@ the "un (including the Gala*y and
%osmos) do not travel to point @/@ the Earth, however a corresponding action occurs at point @/@. The
Electrons !eing distur!ed at the %entral Power Plant, in the same manner e*cite the Electrons at Aour
,ouse, upon switching into an Earth grounding (1nown as @flipping the switch@). %orrespondingly, there
are Four +a:or Power "ources providing enormous amounts of (m!ient /ac1ground +agnetic 9ave
Energy. They are The %osmic, Galactic, "olar and Earth8s (m!ient Electromagnetic /ac1grounds. The
Earth8s Electromagnetic Field comes from reflection, deflection and a!sorption as a result of action at a
distance from the a!ove.
Prescription Physics mandates that the Earth8s !ac1ground is of little interest. 9hen we have %onsidered
the evidence herein, it will !ecome o!vious that "pecial Interest8s effort at 1eeping the People ignorant has,
until now, largely succeeded.
Information for the entire 9orld is availa!le regarding the +agnetic Flu* /ac1ground of the Earth8s
"urface (-nited "tate8s Geological "urvey, %olorado, -"(, .ffice). 9hen e*amined and properly
understood, these +aps yield important information regarding reflection, deflection and a!sorption of
incoming +agnetic 9aves, plus action at a distance. 9hen properly understood, these +aps reveal a very
large (m!ient Electromagnetic Energy "ource. This is the Part of the Earth8s Energy "ystem that relates to
the /ird on the ,igh Eoltage >ine. 9hen deflected, magnetic flu* from electrons changes to electrical
flu*, providing the +otor "ystem that spins or rotates the Earth. Physical movement !y electrical systems
is from inflow current movement. 9hat level of current movement is required to spin the EarthH The
Earth8s +ass is B.C3 * 5$
D7
. From this Information, the 9atts of Electricity )equired may !e calculatedI
(!sor!ed microwave flu* energy heats from the inside out, therefore a hot interior of the Earth results.
9ater is strongly diamagnetic, and on windless days, ocean waves provide visi!le Proof of the overhead
incoming magnetic flu*. From the information a!ove, the Earth8s weight and rate
of spin allows the calculation of the amount of incoming am!ient !ac1ground energy required. (s Aou can
see, it is not inconsequential as Prescription Physics mandates.
(strophysicist are concerned with charged particles that whi' !y, once every one hundred years, rather
than 9ave Phenomenon associated with action at a distance. This highly (ctive 9ave Energy translates
into Electrical Energy at point @/@. The Gala*y is alive 9ith Energy which is !illions of times greater than
that of the "un. Eisi!le >ight is a very tiny part of the Electromagnetic Energy "pectrum. Frequencies
present in the Gala*y and %osmos allow )adio Telescope photographs of their e*istence and magnitude.
.ne such 7$3 +,' photograph of the Electromagnetic Energy "pectrum shows that the Earth is a tiny
spec1 of dust in this Enormous .cean of Energy, and can !e seen near the left end of the %entral ,igh
Energy (rea.
This Energy e*tends in all directions. (ccretion and formation of Planets, "uns and Gala*ies are results of
energy sin1s and varia!le si'ed !lac1 holes. +ass retains heat, and is coo1ed from the inside out !y the
microwave !ac1ground energy provided !y the -niverse. Flu* movement into energy sin1s, provides the
frictional force 1now as gravity. "pinning mass in the presence of incoming flu* amplifies the gravitational
effect.
(t present, only "olar Energy is recogni'ed. It is inconsistent, fla1y and a very small Part of the +agnetic
9ave Energy Present. Technology Transfer from "olar Power provides uncomplicated and ine*pensive,
direct access to the .ther Greater Energy "ources. (ll Electromagnetic Energy harvesting methods include
a %atalyst, a %ollector and a Pump. %atalysts include sensiti'ation through doping with certain elements,
air and earth groundings. %ollectors include temporary storage as in %apacitors, %oils and Transformers.
The Pump "ystem includes induced movement onward to the point of use. %onventional rotating coils and
magnet systems activate electrons present, such that action at a distance can occur, therefore it is an energy
activation pump. In &irect (ccess "ystems such as "olar %ells, the same occurs without mechanical
action. &irect access occurs when +agnetic 9aves impact a catalyst, spinning the local electrons
sideways, producing useful electrical energy.
Indirect acquisition of electrical energy !y mechanical means is wasteful, trou!lesome, e*pensive and
degrades the environment. The dynamo is a com!ination collector and pump of energy which is collected
from the Earth8s (m!ient Energy /ac1ground. Generators do not. ma1e electricity, they collect it from the
(m!ient /ac1ground and forward it, as in Faraday8s @action at a distance@. Energy %onservation >aws
relating to these systems, relate to gray areas, and when understood, are e*cluded !ecause of the e*istence
of E*ternal forces, open and nonlinear systems as per Einstein. The =nowledge /ase :ust viewed,
provides a &irect -nderstanding of the )equirements for ,arvesting of unending, fully renewa!le,
environmentally !enign "ources of Electrical Energy.
"agnetic Resonance Po%er System
Suggestions &or Construction
This is the /asic "onar Power "ystem which permits su!marines to see appro*imately B$ miles distance.
9hat is not commonly 1nown is that it wor1s !etter at higher frequencies in the Gigahert' range. (ny
&evice that can radiate B$ miles plus, is producing an enormous electromagnetic distur!ance from a small
input into a rod of magnetostrictive material. &istur!ing the Earth8s (m!ient /ac1ground plus the strong
dipole !eing produced, turns the magnetostrictive rod into a com!ination of a receiving antenna and a
vastly superior output transformer.
The &rawing is only the =ey -nit. ( power input module and an output inverter circuit (diode !ridge plus
output transformer) are also required. The metal core and the wire si'e of the output transformer, plus
ad:usting the Earth Grounding of the >oad, will determine the (mperage.
The Ideal rod material is Terfenol& (chec1 the internet). ,owever a 5.B@ diameter 5$@ long rod, costs over
JB,$$$ each. >ess e*pensive alternatives are o!vious. 9hen constructing, use PE% tu!ing with remova!le
caps. 9ind the coils on it and insert the e*perimental rod. -se only magnetostrictive material. 9hen you
get it right, you will have e*actly what the &octor orderedK
1agnetostriction oscillators wor' by magnetic resonance in a rod of magnetostriction material! This rod
seres two %ur%oses: 2t ibrates at the fre*uency of resonance oscillation& and it becomes the feedbac'
transformer! 3re*uency is determined by items -& $& . and 4! The diameter& length and olume of the rod
and out%ut windings& determines the out%ut! 2tem 5 %roides feedbac' into the system! The negatie
magnetic character of item 4 %lus the windings 5& in reaction to the magnetic flu6 field %roided by 0&
increases 7am%lifies or magnifies8 the out%ut! 1agnetic %ermeability is the counter%art of negatie
resistance! Resonating with negatie magnetic resistance& it %um%s energy from the Earth9s ambient
bac'ground! 1agnetic %ermeability is the ratio of flu6 density 7Earth9s B field8 to the magneti:ing force 7;8
in oersteds!
1agnetostrictie materials are %ie:oelectric in character& and hae a ery high resistance to electrical
current flow! E6am%les are:
1. <ermealloy Negatie 1agnetic <ermeability = 4)&)))
2. Sendust Negatie 1agnetic <ermeability >)&))) -#5)&)))
3. 1etglas Negatie 1agnetic <ermeability = 5))&)))
4. 2ron with 7 >-? 8 Cobalt 1agnetic <ermeability #>&)))
5. New Technology 1agnetic <ermeability = #&)))&)))
ELECTRI CAL EERG! S!STE"S "ET'$DS
() DIRECT * Faraday8s @(ction at a &istance@ incoming magnetic wave conversion to useful electrical
energy. This includes %osmic, Galactic, "olar and +agnets. Technology Transfer is from
"olar %ell Technology.
+) IDIRECT * Electron "timulationInduced Electron "pin "ystems, Electron (valanche Pumping "ystems
Primitive, Indirect %onversion from another form of energy. %oils and +agnet as in &ynamo
"ystems (%losed "ystems). %hemical "ystems, (tomic, Pons L Fleischman and etc.
Advanced, &irect %onversion, +agnetic 9ave ( .pen "ystems ).
(m!ient "ources
(ir %ore %oil "ystems
Gaseous Tu!e "ystems,
"olid "tate +ar* Generator (valanche Type "ystems.
>eyden /ottle %apacitor Types inserted in >a1es and other.
+agnet "ystems
Electron /eam (ntenna "ystems
,) TRASFER "EC'AIS"S
"olids as in metal conductors
Gaseous as in radio wave transmission, a form of ioni'ation.
"ensiti'ing of "ystems !y use of Trace &oping with )adioactive elements, includes metal
surfaces.
.pen "ystems, nonlinear with e*ternal forces. (l!ert Einstein in a direct quote from his
!iography states that these are e*cluded from the conservation of energy laws.
%losed "ystems +a*wellian Type "ystems. +athematics are predicta!le requiring
deductive reasoning. .hm8s >aw is =ing, and Esta!lishment Intellectuals
!eing comforta!le with this, !rand all else as a violation of the >aws of
0ature !y o!taining something for nothing. This is &ishonesty grand mal.
A"-I ET EERG! S$#RCES
Radiation System
() Cosmic
+) Galactic
,) Solar
.) Eart/
Diffusion Method
Re&lection0 De&lection
and Absorption
Re&lection0 De&lection
and Absorption
Re&lection0 De&lection
and Absorption
Re&lection0 De&lection0
Absorption0
Faraday1s 2Action at a Distance2
also0 a Composite o& all o& t/e
abo3e
Magnetic Wave Energy
#ltra3iolet
In&rared
4isible Lig/t
Eart/1s Electrical
( deep fog pervades the entire "cientific %ommunity with regards to the "ignificance of the (!ove
Energy "ources. +agnetic 9aves convert directly into Electrical 9aves (useful electricity). Two sides of
the electromagnetic system are always present and never separate. >ocal electron spin provides (action
at a distance) the flip side of the incoming magnetic wave energy.
Enormous amounts of incoming magnetic wave energy !ecomes a part of the (m!ient /ac1ground, and as
such, cannot !e measured directly. )econstruction from indirect information, allows us to esta!lish the
actual energy levels which are present. Instruments provided !y the "cientific %ommunity measure only
point @(@ to @/@, and when !oth are am!ient, no potential energy is shown. This is the @!ird sitting on the
million volt power line and sensing nothing@ approach. The Earth8s actual am!ient !ac1ground has as it8s
Energy level multi!illions of Eolts, which are conveniently and o!liviously ignored !y the scientific
community. 9hen properly understood, this enormous, neverending source of environmentallyfriendly
energy !ecomes availa!le.
I a5
Electrical Energy System
&on >. "mi t h, Energy %onsul t ant
(t a meet i ng !et ween M. P. +organ, Edi son and Tesl a, Tesl a proposed an El ect ri cal Energy
"yst em whi ch coul d he connect ed i nt o di rect l y, wi t hout usi ng a met er. Tesl a8 s Idea of @Free
Energy@ was not compat i !l e wi t h t hei r t hi n1i ng. %ourt esy of +organ and Edi son, from t hat day
foreword, a compl et e and t ot al !ast ardi 'ati on of t he Idea has !een i n progress. (gents for
+organ and Fri ends i ncl ude t he -. ". Pat ent .ffi ce and (cademi a. (cademi a8 s !ad ha!i t of
i ncest uous quot i ng of each ot her, el i mi nat es t hem as a possi !i l i t y i n cl eani ng up t he mess. Thi s
sel ect i ve i gnorance, per meat es t hroughout t he st udy of el ect ri ci t y.
+any peopl e, ot herwi se 1nown as @i nt ell ect ual s@, have a t ot al !l ac1out and !ecome : a!!eri ng
i di ot s when @freeenergy@ i s ment i oned. The t erm has !een amended t o say, @somet hi ng whi ch
was never t here i s !ei ng harvest ed and t hat t hi s vi ol at es t he l aws of physi cs@. For t he
sel ect i vel y i gnorant , t hi s seems t he way t o run. Those who choose +organ8 s drum !eat , have
severel y l i mi t ed t he possi !i l i t i es !ui l t i nt o el ect ri ci t y.
Thi s paper wi ll !e an e*erci se i n creati ve underst andi ng, i n pl aci ng updat ed 1nowl edge at your
di sposal . 9het her i t !ecomes a useful t ool or i s sel ect i vel y i gnored i s your choi ce.
El ect rons are defi ned as !ei ng t he pract i cal source of el ect ri cal and magnet i c energy. The
el ect ron as a part i cl e, was post ul at ed !y professor M. Thompson i n earl y 5C$$8 s. It i s now
uni versal l y accept ed t hat t he el ect ron e*i st s and t hat i t i s t he source of el ect ri ci t y. 9hen t he
el ect ron i s agi t at ed i t produces magnet i c and negat i ve el ect ri cal energy. Physi cs as i t e*i st s
t oday, cannot e*pl ai n why t he el ect ron remai ns i nt act and i s not di mi ni shed !y t he energy i t
rel eases. Thi s i s a part of t he !ui l t i n i gnorance provi ded !y t he +organ and Edi son %amp.
.ne vol t s wort h of el ect rons, when cycl ed, yi el ds one vol t s wort h of el ect ri ci t y. Thi s can !e
repeat ed cont i nuousl y forever and i t never depl et e or di mi ni shes t he el ect rons i n quest i on.
They si mpl y ret urn t o t hei r ai r and4 or eart h source, wai t i ng t o do t he whol e t hi ng agai n and
agai n. Therefore, el ect ri cal energy i s avai l a!l e, anywhere and ever ywhere humans go. Peopl e
who i nt ercede for profi t , set t he cost of el ect ri cal energy. .t herwi se, al l el ect ri cal energy i s
free, +organ and Edi son !e damned.
I mprovi ng upon Professor Thompson8 s post ul at i on, ot her o!vi ous charact eri st i cs can !e seen t o
furt her defi ne t he el ect ron. It has !ot h magnet i c and el ect ri cal emanat i ons resul t i ng from a
ri ght hand and l eft hand spi n. "i nce magnet i sm and amperage come as one pac1age, t hi s
suggest , t hat el ectrons in their nat ural noni onic st at e, e*i st as dou!l et s. 9hen pushed apart !y
agi t at i on one spi ns and suppl i es el ect ri ci t y and t he ot her spi ns and provi des magnet i c
(amperage) energy. 9hen t hey reuni t e, we have Eol t s * (mperage N 9at t s. Thi s Idea, unt i l
now, has !een t ot al l y a!sent from t he 1nowl edge !ase.
The num!er of t i mes t hat an el ect ron i s cycl ed, set s t he col l ect i ve energy pot ent i al present .
The el ect ri cal equi val ent of E N m%D i s E N (Eol t s * (mperes) * (%ycl es Per "econd)
D
. Those
who choose, are now free t o head for t he !ushes and ma1e t hei r usual cont ri !ut i on t o humani t y.
Pri or t o Tesl a, t here was a l arge group of peopl e i n Europe, who were !ui l di ng resonant coi l
syst ems for medi cal use. (mperage was dangerous i n t hei r coi l syst ems. The Tesl a %oi l i s onl y
t he Eol t age hal f of t hei r coi l syst em, as wi l l !e demonst rat ed.
( short l i st of t hose (from 53#$ onwards) act i ve i n resonat e hi gh frequency coi l syst ems
i ncl udeO t he %uri es, )oent gen, )uhm1off, .udi n, ,ert ', >evassor, &umont , &8 (rsonval and
many ot hers.
Peugeot, Panhard>evassor, /ol l ee, )enault and ot hers had successful el ect ri c aut omo!i l es in
product i on usi ng ( %. mot ors. Eari ous el ect ri cal l y powered ai rshi ps, i ncl udi ng t he &i ri gi !l e
@France@ were i n servi ce.
&8 (rsonval , Professor of E*peri ment al +edi ci ne at t he %ol l ege of France, i nvent ed t he
el ect rocardi ograph, osci l l oscope, amp and vol t met ers, t her mography and numerous ot her
medi cal appl i cat i ons of hi gh frequency el ect ri ci t y. (s earl y as 53#$, he was !ui l di ng hi gh
frequency coil syst ems, whi ch he used in hi s e*peri mental wor1. There i s a strong connecti on
!et ween t he wor1 of Tesl a and t he peopl e ment i oned a!ove.
El ect ric vehi cl es of all sort s, domi nat ed unt il the 5CD$s, when t he electri c st art er mot or made t he
i nt ernal com!ust i on engi ne pract i cal . Pri or t o t hat , upon cran1i ng, i t frequent l y woul d !rea1
t he owner8 s arm. (t that poi nt the use of !att eri es as a source of power was repl aced !y oi l .
The est a!l i shment 8 s carpet has some rat her l arge l umps under i t . %oul om!8 s and 0ewt on8 s
i nverse square l aw i s pol i t el y i gnored and i t 8 s opposi t e i s al l owed t o have onl y t he most
a!st ract st at us. 9it hout opposi t es we have no defi ni t i on.
The source val ue of a remot e fl u* readi ng, requi res t he squari ng of t he di st ance, t i mes t he
remot e readi ng, t o o!t ai n the ori gi nal val ue. The opposit e of thi s, !ei ng the deri vat i ons rel at e t o
Energy equal s +ass t i mes t he Eel oci t y const ant squared. The el ect ri cal equi val ent , !ei ng
Energy equal capaci t ance t i mes vol t age squared and Energy equal s i nduct i on t i mes amperes
squared. Fl u* li nes increase as the l aw of squares and t hen act i vat e el ectron energy whi ch was
not previ ousl y a part of t he sum. The cumul at i ve capaci t ance and i nduct ance i ncrease as t he
out er ends of a Tesl a coil are approached, and thi s result s i n out put energy !ei ng great er t han t he
i nput energy present . Thi s Energy i s real . It can !e safel y measured !y magnet i c fl u* met hods
and el ect rost at i c vol t met ers, !ased on t he i nverse square l aw
(s seen a!ove, fl u* l i nes resul t !ot h from i nduct i onhenr ys amperage and capaci t ance
coul om!svol t s, and defi ne el ect ri cal energy. The nonl i neari t y of t hi s syst em does not o!ey
.hm8 s l aw, whi ch i s repl aced wi t h i mpedance and react ance for al t ernat i ng current syst ems.
I mpedance i s t he sum of t he syst em8 s resi st ance t o (% current fl ow, and t hi s !ecomes 'ero at
resonance. In resonant i nduct i on syst ems, a cycl espersecond i ncrease, i nvo1es a second round
for t he l aw of squares.
The degree t o whi ch fl u* l i nes are present , di st ur!s an equal amount of el ect rons, upset t i ng t he
am!i ent !ac1ground energy, resul t i ng i n useful el ect ri cal energy !ei ng o!t ai ned. The frequency
at whi ch the dist ur!ance occurs, increases t he useful energy avai l a!l e, and i t o!eys t he l aw of
squares. Two squarel aw component s, f l ux densi t y and f requency are i nvol ved. Ent er resonance
whi ch cancel s t he resi st i ve effect .
.nl y t he el ect ri cal energy whi ch i s ei t her a!ove or !el ow t he am!i ent l evel i s useful . For t he
%ent ral -. ". goi ng east t o west , am!i ent as appro*i mat ed !y electrostat ic vol t met ers and flu*
met hods is D$$, $$$ vol ts on a sol arqui et day. (t ni ght ti me, t he am!i ent energy level drops t o
a!out one hal f of t he dayt i me val ue. .n a sol aract i ve day, i t may reach more t han fi ve t i mes
t hat of a sol arqui et day. (m!i ent !ac1ground energy at t he pol ar regi ons, i s appro*i mat el y
B$$, $$$ vol t s on a sol arqui et day. The !ac1ground energy vari es as i t rel at es t o t he 0ort h
"out h component and t he East 9est cont i nuum.
This l eaves us wi t h an int erest i ng pro!l em. El ect rons, when di st ur!ed, first produce magneti c
fl u* and t hen produce el ect ri cal fl u* when t hey spi n !ac1 t o t hei r nor mal posi t i on. Therefore
any el ect ron movement produces a!ove am!i ent energy, !ei ng over uni t y.
E@ECTR2CA@ ENERAB "2T; ASSCC2ATED <;ENC1ENA
1. Current-am%eres results from the une*ual distribution of negatiity 7electrons8!
2. Electron s%in causes electrical current and magnetic lines of force!
3. 1agnetic imbalance causes the graitational effect! This is eidenced in electric
motors by magneto-graitational dis%lacement of mess& which causes the motor to
rotate!
ENERAB @2 NES E3 3@UF 7 3CRCE8
32 E@DS G "AHES *
* Below 5)&))) Cycles <er Second I Fields
Aboe 5)&))) Cycles <er Second I Waves 7Radio 3re*uency8
Deriation of 1agnetic and Electrical <ower
Anal ogous Rel ati onshi %s:
1. <otential <ower is %resent in a bar magnet as shown:
2. The Source of these Electrons being from the Solar <lasma& are non-ionic and occu%y all
3ree S%ace! They are commonly obtained from Earth and Air Aroundings! They e6ist in
Doublet <airs& one being more negatie than the other! The more negatie one has a @eft
;and S%in! The less negatie one has a Right ;and S%in!
3. Resonate Electrical Coil Systems 7Tesla 8 are Analogous to the System obsered in the Bar
1agnet 7aboe8! The Bloch "all Area is @ocated at the base of the @-5 Coil! The @eft S%in
%ortion of the coil 7Holtage Cnly 8 Coil %redominates! The Right hand S%in %ortion of the coil
71agnetic-Am%erage8 is mostly absent!
Induced Electrical Energy System
Collection and transfer of energy re*uires tem%orary storage& which occurs as ca%acitors and coils of a
resonant circuit are cycled& on and off! The fre*uency at which the ca%acitors and coils are %um%ed&
determines the amount of electrical energy that moes onward!
The amount of Energy transferred relates directly to the density of lines of flu6 %resent! The +inetic
Energy 3ormula is hel%ful in establishing the amount of energy %resent! This formula s*uares the elocity
times mass! 2n the case of electrical energy& the intensity of oltage and am%eres multi%lied by the cycles
%er second& re%lace the elocity com%onent!
Note that the JaccelerationJ of the Holtage JEJ and Am%erage J2J& which increase as non-linear
com%onents& then obeys the @aw of S*uares!
Each unit of increase& causes a s*uaring of the flu6 lines %resent! The amount of energy transfer caused
by this increase in flu6 lines is demonstrated below!
2n resonant air-core coil energy transfer& the increase in flu6 lines %resent disturbs more electrons than
%reiously& resulting in oer-unity energy being %resent and aailable!
Energy stored& times the cycles %er second& re%resents the energy being %um%ed by the system!
Ca%acitors and inductors store electrons tem%orarily!
Ca%acitor formula: W = 0.5 x C x E x Cycles per second where:
W I energy in Koules 7"att Seconds 8 C
I ca%acitance in farads
E I a%%lied %otential in olts s*uared!
2nductor 7Coil8 formula: W = 0.5 x x I x Cycles per second where:
W I energy in Koules 7"att Seconds 8
I inductance in henrys
I I current in am%eres s*uared
Both one henry& and one farad& e*ual one olt! The higher the cycles %er second& including the s*uaring
of the flu6 lines& cause a large increase in the amount of energy being %roduced!
The aboe combined with a resonant energy induction system 7where all electrons are moing in the
same direction at the same time8& ma'e the ne6t moe into oer-unity %ractical!
The dam%ening %rocess of conentional electrical %ower generation& has all the aailable electrons
bouncing randomly& mostly cancelling out each other! 2n that System& the useful energy aailable is a ery
small %ercentage of the energy which is %resent!
2n the resonant induction system& a ery high %ercentage of the energy %resent is useful! At resonance&
7ohms-im%edance-L8 becomes :ero and all of the energy %resent is not degraded and becomes aailable
to do useful wor'!
J
Chms
J
is load or wasted energy& and
J
am%eres
J
is the rate of that wasting of energy!
Using the %reious information& if we now a%%ly it to an air-core coil& resonant transformer energy system!
@-# and @-5 coils are now %resent! @-# has a smaller number of turns and is seeral times the diameter of
@-5! 2n%ut from a #5 olt high-oltage laser drier source& %roduces 4&))) olts with a low leel of wasted
energy& %ushing am%erage into& say& - turns of coil @-#! Each turn of the @-# coil then ac*uires 5&))) olts
of resonant %otential! Conse*uently& each turn of @-5 is then e6%osed to the electric flu6 of 5&))) olts!
Each turn at the bottom end of @-5 ac*uires 5&))) olts! The flu6 lines are s*uared and are additie as the
oltage and am%erage %rogresses towards the to% end of @-59s large number of turns!
A huge number of additional flu6 lines which were not %reiously %resent become %resent at the to% end of
the @-5 coil! These flu6 lines e6cite the nearby electrons in it9s earth and air and groundings! This high
leel of e6citement aboe the ambient& causes a large number of electrons which were not %reiously a
%art of the energy %resent& to become aailable for use! At this %oint oer-unity is %resent in large
amounts!
The Jbubble gum between the earsJ res%onse to this is: Jthis must be lots of olts but no am%eresJ!
<lease recall that am%erage is wasted energy& and that until that wasting occurs& there are no am%eres! A
good way to demonstrate this& would be to let the bubble gum crowd %ut their hands on the high-oltage
end of the deice while standing on wet ground 7a %eo%le :a%%er8! !ote" don#t do t$is.
This oer-unity deice %roduces energy at radio fre*uencies which range into the megahert: band! This
allows the deice to be small in si:e& and yet %roduce large amounts of energy! A megawatt-si:ed unit will
sit comfortably on a brea'fast table! This energy is changed to Direct Current and then switched to
%roduce the desired wor'ing fre*uency AC!
1. Random
moement of
electrons in JAJ
and JBJ& mostly
cancel each other
out! This
dam%ening& or
wasteful conce%t
of energy& is a
source of much
%leasure for the
establishment!
2. J CJ 7Holt& Am%eres&
Reactie JH!A!R!J8&
is the situation
where all of the
electrons moe in
the same direction
at the same time!
This results in
near-unity energy
out%ut by resonant
induction transfer!
3. Resonant
induction transfer
from one isolated
%ower system&
allows other
resonant induction
systems to
du%licate the
original source&
which in no way
diminishes the
original source!
Air-core coils
7isolation-
transformers8
confirm this when
they are a %art of
one of these
functioning
systems! A less
%erfect illustration
would be the fact
that the number of
radio sets tuned to
a %articular radio
transmission& does
not alter the %ower
re*uired at the
radio transmitter!
4. Resonant induction
transfer& disturbs a
large number of
adMacent electrons
which were not a
%art of the original
in%ut %ower source!
The %ulsating-
%um%ing effect then
draws in the newly
aailable additional
electrons into the
on-going energy
generation system!
A near unity energy
system of resonant
air-core coils and
the e6tra ac*uired
electron-energy
source constitute an
oer-unity system!
Electrical <ower Aeneration N <oints of Reference
Useful Electrical <ower is Aenerated when Electrons from Earth and Air Aroundings are
disturbed by the moement of coils and magnets with reference to each other! The resulting
electrical and magnetic energy is then changed to Moules Owatt-seconds: Holts 6 Am%s 6
SecondsP! Each forward electron moement results in a magnetic im%ulse and each return
moement causes an electrical im%ulse! The com%osite of the electrical energy im%ulses from
these electrons yields useful energy O<owerP!
@et the aboe electron moement be re%resented by a room full of %ing %ong balls bouncing
randomly! 1ost of the energy %resent cancels out by random im%acts! This is the Classic Under-
Unity a%%roach to Electrical <ower Aeneration& sanctioned by the Establishment!
2n contrast to that& in the Electrical Energy Aeneration System %resented here& the resonant
Electrons are all moing in the same direction at the same time! This allows Near-Unity Electrical
<ower to Deelo%! This is the room-tem%erature e*uialent of su%er conductiity!
The Energy System %resented here& consists of a %ro%erly-adMusted and functional resonant air-
core coil tan'! The magnetic energy is stored in the coil system and the Electrical Energy is
stored in ca%acitors! 3rom 1a6well and others& we 'now that electrical-related energy has an
e*ual amount of magnetic energy associated with it!
JThe formula which establishes the Useful Energy of the SystemJ:
Koules I )!$ 6 C 6 % s*uared 6 C.&.S. s*uared
units:
Koules 7Holts 6 Am%s 6 Seconds8 "att Seconds
C I Ca%acitance in microfarads %
I <otential in Holts
C.&.S. I Cycles %er second
The transfer of Electrical <ower by Resonant 2nduction is a direct function of the s*uaring of the
cycles %er second! 3or e6am%le& s*uare .) C!<!S! and then s*uare the radio fre*uency C!<!S!s
of the System here %resented! Cbiously& Cne 1illion Cycles %er Second transfers more energy
than Si6ty Cycles %er second! The Sanctioned 1ethod of Electrical <ower Aeneration uses the
.) C!<!S! 1ethod! Using .) C!<!S! and the random scattering of the Electrons System& assures
the Establishment of it9s desired Under-Unity Aoal!
This random bouncing of the Electrons is the Chms of Chm9s @aw and is used to establish the
rate of dissi%ation andNor @oad O"or'P!
2n the Resonant Tan' 2nduction Energy Transfer System %resented here& 2m%edance Osystem
resistanceP re%laces the conentional ohm9s usage! At Resonance& im%edance becomes :ero
and the full force and effect of the Energy Transfer occurs! This is su%erconducting conditions at
room tem%erature! At radio fre*uency the Electrons do not %ass through the conductor as they
do at lower fre*uencies! 2nstead& these Electrons encircle the conductor and are free of the
conductor9s resistance!
@et the Establishments <ower Aeneration System be called 9AJ and the System %resented here be
called JBJ!
"ith JAJ: Aien .) C!<!S! at #5) Holts using a #) microfarad Ca%acitor:
'oules I O)!$ 6 )!))))#) 6 #5) s*uaredP 6 C!<!S!s s*uared
7#5) 6 #5) I #-&-))8
O)!))))#) 6 #-&-)) I )!#--P
O)!#-- 6 )!$ I !)(5P
7)!)(5 6 >&.)) I (5).(*
Using the 2nentor9s Resonant 2nduction System& the Electrical <ower aailable would then be
5$0!5 Koules O"att-SecondsP! Using the Establishment9s method only %ermits less than #) "att-
Seconds of Useful Electrical Energy!
JBJ! Aien Cne 1illion Cycles %er second at #))&))) Holts& using a #) microfarad Ca%acitor!
'oules I O)!$ 6 )!))))#) 6 #))&))) s*uaredP 6 C!<!S!s s*uared
7#))&))) 6 #))&))) I #)&)))&)))&)))8
O)!))))#) 6 #)&)))&)))&))) I #))&)))P
7#))&))) 6 )!$ I $)&)))P
7$)&))) 6 Cne 1illion s*uared I 50+000+000+000+000+000,
The useful Electrical Energy aailable is greater than $) 1ega "atts! Since the Resonant
Electrons are non-im%acting& all of the Energy is aailable for direct usage!
-ene.i ts o. t$e I nventor# s System
1. 2nduction Energy transfer is enhanced by the s*uaring of the cycles %er
second %roduced by the System!
2. 2nduction Energy transfer is enhanced by the s*uaring the in%ut oltage
and am%erage!
3. The increase of the flu6 lines occurring from the aboe& disturbing more
electrons& causes more electrical energy to become aailable!
4. Resonant 2nduction has all of the Electrons moing unim%eded& resulting
in su%erconductor conditions at room tem%erature!
5. A smaller amount of energy is used to disturb a larger number of
Electrons! Electrons not originally a %art of the System then contribute
their energy& resulting in a net gain in aailable usable %ower!
6. The %hysical si:e of the System ODeiceP is small! The Deice described in
JBJ sits comfortable on a brea'fast table!
7. A small energy source is used to start the deice and that source remains
fully charged at all times by the System!
The Eidence Against Under Unity
1. Use of @ogarithmic Scales on electrical measurement instruments! @inear measurement wor's
fine where Chm9s @aw a%%lies 7direct current8! 2n alternating current& ohms are re%laced by
im%edance and the measurements become non-linear!
2. 2nfinite JEJ at resonance confirms that oltage and am%erage is s*uared& as in the 'inetic
energy formula! See the formulas of this re%ort!
3. S*uare waes are cli%%ed infinite JEJs!
4. 1a6well and others show that magnetic-inductance-am%erage and electrical-ca%acitance-
oltage are two sides of the same coin! 1agnetic-inductance is directly e*ual to am%erage!
Both obey the @aw of S*uares& which has oer-unity built in!
5. 1agnetic and electrical flu6 are %resent in enormous amounts at the outer ends of an
o%erating Tesla Coil!
6. 2gnorance of how to measure and relate magnetic and electrical flu6& is the chief wea%on of
the under-unity gaggle!
7. The Cumulatie inductance and ca%acitance of the Tesla Coil grounds itself out& if not %ro%erly
utili:ed! See this re%ort for the tem%orary energy storage accessible& when %ro%erly managed!
8. The <atent Cffice refers deices related to oer-unity to their metering grou%& which is a sure
indication that they are aware and acce%t the logarithmic measuring deices! This is direct and
absolute eidence that they acce%t the s*uare law as it relates to 'inetic energy! This also
indicates they are aware that oer-unity e6ists! Since their bureaucratic brain is im%ro%erly
motiated they continue to badger inentors who are wor'ing in the oer-unity arena! Their
leel of intellectual dishonesty is sanctioned by& and is a real %art of doing business with& a
goernment which %rides itself in being a hooliganistic bureaucracy!
Readi ng Li st
1. (lston, >. >. ( Ed. ), 5C#3, ,ighEoltage Technology, .*ford -ni v. Press, >ondon
2. /ec1, E. 5CB7, >ightning Protection for Electric "ystems, +cGraw,ill, 0 A.
3. /owdler, G(E. 5C6P, +easurements in ,i ghvoltage Test %ircuits Pergamom, .*ford. > %. 6D3#733
4. /rewley, >. E., 5CB5, Traveling 9aves in Transmission >ines Pu!K Mohn 9iley. 0. A.
5. %hapman, ". and /arteis, M . 5C7$, Geomagnetism, t wo volumes, 5, $$$ plus pages, .*ford at the %larendon press,
England
6. %raggs. M. &. and +ee1, M. +. 5CB7, ,i ghEoltage la!oratory Technique., /utterworth, >ondon
7. E,E Transmission >ine )eference /oo1, 5C#3 Edison Elcctric Institute, 0. A.
8. Farno, ). +. , %hu. >. M. , and (dler, ). /., 5C#3, Electromagnetic Fields, Energy and Forces, Pu!K +. I. T Press,
%am!ridge, +ass.
9. Fein!erg, ). (Ed. ) 5C6C, +odern Power Transformer Practice, +c+illan. >ondon
10. Frungel, F., ,igh "peed Pulse Technology, Eols 5 and D, Pu!K (cademic Press. 5C#B, 0. A., and >ondon
11. Gallagher, T.M. and Pearmain, (M. 5C3P, I"/0 $765C$$C## ,igh Eoltage +easurement and &esign, Mohn 9iley,
0. A.
12. ,ague, /., (lternating%urrent /ridge +ethods, B th. ed. Pu!K "ir lsaac Pit man and "ons, 5CBC, >ondon.
13. ,awley, 9.G. 5CBC, Impulsevoltage Testing, %hapman and ,ill, >ondon.
14. ,ayashi, %h., 0onlinear .scillations in Physical "ystems, Pu!K +cGraw,ill, 5C#7. 0. A.
15. ,enny, =. 5CPP5CBC, Editorin%hief, )adio Engineering ,and!oo1, five different copyri ghts, >. %. B355567,
+cGraw,ill. 0. A.
16. ,udlestone, ). ,. and >eonard, ". >., Plasma &iagnostics Techniques, Pu!K (cademic Press. 0. A.
17. Maco!s, M (. , Editor, Geomagnetism, ( a massive wor1 ) P large volumes, Pu!K (cademic Press, >ondon.
18. Means, M. ,. 5CDB, The +athematics of Electricit y and +agnetism, B th. Ed., %am!ridge -ni versit y Press,
19. Mones, /. 5C6D, 0ew (pproaches to the &esign and Economics of E,E Transmission Plant, Pergamom, >ondon.
20. =ind, &. 5C63, (n Introduction to ,ighvoltage E*perimental Technique, Eiewieg, /raunschweig
I"/0 PBD3$3P3PD
21. =noepfel. ,. 5C6$. Pulsed ,igh +agnetic Fields, 0orth,olland, (msterdam.
22. =reuger, F ,. 5C#7, &ischarge &etection in ,i ghEoltage Equipment, Temple Press, ,eywood, >ondon.
23. =uffel, E. and Qacngl. 9 ". 5C37, ,i ghEoltage Engineering, Pergamom, O >ondon. I"/0 $$3$D7D5P3
24. =upfmuller, =. 5CB6, Introduction to the "cientific /asis of Electrical Engineering, Pu! "pinger. /erlin.
25. >emon. ,. /. and Ference, +. Mr., (nal yt ical E*peri mental Physics @ a ma:or wor1@ from The )yerson Physical
>a!oratory at the -niversit y of %hicago, numerous copyri ghts 5CPP5C77. Printed as a te*t !oo1 !y the
-ni versit y of %hicago Press
26. >ewi s, I. (. &., and 9ell, F.,. , +illi microsecond Pulse Techniques Pu!K Pergamom Press, 0. A. and >ondon.
27. +alan, &. M. 5C#P, Physics of >i ghtning, English -ni versit y Press, >ondon.
28. +artin, T.> Mr., Physical /asis for Electrical Engineering, Prentice,all, 0. M.
29. +atsusta, ". and %amp!ell, 9., . 5C#6 Physics of Geomagnetic Phenomena, +assi ve wor1 in t wo volumes of 6$$
pages each. (cademic Press, >ondon.
30. 0ational Physical la!oratory, 5CB#, 0otes on (pplied "cience ii 56, ,i gh Eoltage Impulse Testing. ,+"..
31. )ather, ,.. 5C#5, The Electron (valanche and it 8s Generation, Pu!K Eo. PP, "pringer, /erlin.
32. )o1it yans1y, I. I. , 5C3D. Geoelectromagnetic Investigation of the Earth8s %rust and +antle, Pu!K "pringerEerlag,
/erlin.
33. "al ge, M., Pcier, & , /ril 1a, )., "chneider, &R 5C6$, (pplications of Inductive Energy "torage for the Production of
Intense +agnetic Fields, Pu!K Procedure of # th. "ymp. on Fusion Technology, (achen
34. "chul', E. ,. , (nderson, >. T., and >eger, ). +., E*peri ments in Electronics and %ommunication Engineering,
%opyrights, various, from 5C7P thru 5CB7 >% BBB$PP ,arper and /rothers, 0. A.
35. "chwa!, (M 5C6D, ,ighEoltage +easurement Techniques, The + I T. Press, %am!ridge. +ass., I"/0 $D#D5C$C##
36. "evin, >. , 5C#B, Field Effect Transistors, +cGraw,ill, >ondon.
37. "ils!ee, F./. , 5C7D, "tatic Electricit y, -. ". &epartment of %ommerce, 9ashington. & % , -. ". Government Printing
.ffice, (0. /. ". %ircular % 7P3)
38. "mith, (. (., 5C66, %oupling of E*ternal Electromagnetic Fields to Transmission >ines, I"/0 $765$5CCBG
39. Terman. F.E., Electronics and )adio Engineering, 7 th. ed., %opyri ghts 5CPD, 5CP6, 5C76 and 5CBB >% BB#567
+cGraw,ill /oo1 %o., 0. A
40. Thomas, R! T!& #0() ,i ghImpulse %urrent and Eoltage +easurement, Trans. I. E. E. E. EE55C, pages 5$D5$6
41. Thompson, Professor 9, (titled >ord =elvin ) )eprint of Papers or. Electrostatics and +agnetism (ori ginal 536D)
>ondon.
42. Traister, )., 5C3P, The E*perimenter8 s Guide to "olid "tate &iodes, Prentice,all, Inc. I"/0 $5PDCB777
43. Ealley, G. E, and 9allman. II . 5C73, Eacuum Tu!e (mplifiers, +cGraw,ill, 0. A.
44. 9eedy, /. +. 5C3$, -nderground Transmission of Electrical Power, 9iley, >ondon,
45. 9ee1s, 9 >. 5C35, Transmission and &istri!ution of Electrical Energy, ,arper and )ow, 0. A.
46. 9inch, )SP. Electricit y and +agnetism ( several printings ) %omposed in %openhagen, &enmar1, Prentice,all
Physics "eries
47. Qi:lstra, ,., 5CB6, E*peri mental +ethods in +agnetism, t wo volumes, the 0orth,olland Pu!lishing %o. .
(msterdam.
/n /ns0er to /merica#s Energy 1e.icit
1onald . Smit$
En e r g y Con s u l t an t
Energy& energy eerywhere and not a Koule to Kounce! Conentional wisdom& when %ro%erly tuned will
a%%reciate the nature of energy& as here %resented! The basic unit of electricity 7the electron8 u%on
encountering a moing magnetic field 7or wae8 s%ins& giing off an electric im%ulse! "hen this im%ulse
colla%ses& it s%ins bac' to it9s natural %osition& giing off a magnetic im%ulse! Therefore& magnetic and
electric are two sides of the same coin! "hen the magnetic side is %ulsed& it yields electricity and
conersely& %ulsing of the electrical side yields a magnetic field! 1oing one in relation to the other
%roduces useful energy! "hen done consecutiely& each cycle %ushes 7current8 forward& while %ulling
electrons into the system!!! in much the same way as a water %um% moes water! These electrons are
obtained from Earth and air grounding!
The word JelectricJ comes from the @atin word electron JamberJ! "hen rubbed& amber deelo%s an
electrical charge& which can be transferred to a dissimilar substance! During the seenteenth and
eighteenth centuries& a great deal of attention was centered on this attribute of amber! Amber was used to
differentiate the non-metals! Carbon-related substances and other non-metals& when subMected to friction&
gie u% negatie electrical charges! Cn the other hand& metals when subMected to friction& sim%ly conduct
the charge! 2t is im%ortant to note that a%%ro6imately ()? of the Earth9s e6%osed crustal %ortions
7surface8 consist of silicone-related non-metals 7electron donors8 and become a direct source of electrical
energy when %ro%erly agitated!
Useful electrical energy can be obtained by grounding into the Earth9s non-metal crust and into it9s
atmos%here as a natural source of electrons! These electrons hae accumulated from the solar %lasma
during the aging of the Earth for more than -!$ billion years& at a rate e6ceeding >!0 e6aMoules %er year
This indicates that the Earth9s electrical field contains in e6cess of #(!. 6 #)
#4
of cumulatie e6aMoules of
energy! Cne e6aMoule is the a%%ro6imate energy e*uialent of #5$ million barrels of oil! The electrical
energy in one dis%lay of lightning is a%%ro6imately ten trillion Moules! During each 5- hour %eriod& the land
%ortions of Earth9s surface yields in e6cess of 5))&))) emissions& which inoles more than 5&)))
*uadrillion watts!
C!3! Aauss 7#(((-#4$$8 and ;!C! Cersted 7#(((-#4$#8 were each se%arately trying to define the Earth9s
electrical field with all e6ternal influences remoed! These e6ternal influences being solar-*uiet %eriods
and being remote from the land9s surface! The air electricity bac'ground which they measured aries with
latitude! Their Euro%ean measurements corres%ond to a%%ro6imately the latitude of "ashington! D C!
They were measuring magnetic field flu6 as an indicator of negatie electron energy actie and %resent! A
related family of measurement are now %resented! Units of measurement used to define flu6 fields include
Aauss 7one unit I #))&))) olts8& Cersted 7one unit I $)&))) olts8& Tesla 7one unit I #)&))) Aauss8 and
Aamma 7one unit I #N#)&))) of a Aauss8! 1uch confusion e6ists in electrical related %ublications about
these units! As %resented here they are correct with alues ta'en from their original definitions!
The entire surface of the Earth has been sureyed by aerial magnetometer& in most cases using gamma
or nano teslas! Cne gamma is the magnetic flu6 e*uialent of #) actie olts of electricity! "hen the data
is corrected for flight height it becomes obious that there are numerous areas where the gamma
readings e6ceed one trillion gammas! @ightning stri'es from the ground u% are in that energy range! "ith
'nowledge of these electron enriched areas& the *uality of Earth grounding& becomes enhanced! The
correction necessary for land surface data when ac*uired from aerial magnetometer ma%s 7using
Coulomb
9
s law8 re*uires that the remote distance be s*uared and then multi%lied by the remote reading!
As an e6am%le& if the remote reading is #&.)) gammas and the flight height being #&))) feet! Ta'e #&)))
6 #&))) I #&)))&))) 6 #&.)) gammas I #!. trillion gammas 6 #) olts I #. trillion olts e*uialent for land
surface data! <resent day methodology re*uires mechanical energy in e6change for electrical energy!
Cnce obtained& this energy is subMect to Chm9s @aw! <resent 1ethodology obtains it9s electrical energy
from it9s non-metal and air groundings!
This same energy can be obtained without the wasteful mechanical a%%roach and at a much& much lower
cost! Any re*uired amount of electricity is aailable by resonant induction transfer from the
Earth9s magnetic and electrical fields! The maMor difference is in the functioning of Chm9s @aw in relation to
resonant circuits! 2n the resonant induction system suggested here& system resistance 7L8 becomes :ero
at resonance!
Therefore& Holts and Am%eres are e*ual 7H!A!R!8 until wor' 7load8 is introduced!
Each cycling of this resonant induction system %ulls in additional electrons from the Earth9s electrical field&
generating electrical energy in any re*uired amount! 2n this system& a small amount of electrical energy is
used to actiate and %ull a much larger amount of energy into the system!
This electrical adantage corres%onds to the %ulley and leer of the mechanical world! The electrical
system %resented here is e6tremely efficient! Using %resent methodology as a basis for com%arison& with
it9s .) cycles %er second system! The resonant induction system& cycling at .) million times %er second
%roduces one million times the energy which is %roduced by the %resent energy systems! A single small
si:e unit of the resonant induction system has more usable electrical out%ut than a maMor conentional
unit! The radio fre*uency energy %roduced is easily changed to Direct Current& and then to the %resent .)
cycles %er second system in %re%aration for commercial usage!
The <atent <ending on this system is ,)4N# ))&)(-& JElectrical Energy
Aenerating SystemJ& dated - 3ebruary& #005!
1e.initions" Cne 'oule is one watt for one second
Cne Watt is one olt am%ere
%./.2. is Holt Am%eres Reactie
/dditional 2eading"
Electricity and 1agnetism by B!2! Bleany and B! Bleany C6ford Uniersity <ress #00#
2SBN! )-#0-4$##(5-4
Engineering Electromagnetics by "! ;! ;ayt! Kr! 1cAraw-;ill #040 2SBN! )-)(-)5(-).-#
Energy 1ethods in Electromagnetism by <! ;ammond C6ford Uniersity <ress #04.
2SBN! )-#0-4$0>.4-.
Energy in Electromagnetism by ;! A! Boo'er 2nstitution of Electrical Engineers by <eter <eregrinus @td!
#045 2SBN )-0)))-)-$0-#
The American Radio Relay @eague ;andboo' for #005 and #00>! .0th and ()th editions! <ublished by
The American Radio Relay @eague! 73or H!A!R! information8 2SBN! )-4(5$0-#.0-(
Electron <aramagnetic Resonance& Techni*ues G A%%lications by R! S! Alger& U! S! Naal Radiological
Defence @aboratory& San 3rancisco& California! <ub! 2nterscience @ib! Congress ,.(-5)5$$
Aeomagnetic Diagnosis of the 1agnetos%here by A! Nishida& Uniersity of To'yo #0(4 <ub: S%ringer-
Herlag 2SBN! )->4(-)450(-5
Energy and The 1issing Resource by 2! Dostros'y! <ub: Cambridge Uniersity <ress #044
2SBN! )-$5#-5.$05--
;igh Holtage 1easurement Techni*ues By A! Schwab& 1!2!T!! #0(# 2 S!B!N! )-5.5-#0)0.
Enironmental 1agnetism by R! Thom%son G 3! Cldfield <ub: Allen G Unwin& @ondon #04.
2SBN! )-)--$>4))>-#
Aeo-electromagnetic 2nestigation of the Earth9s Crust and 1antle! Translated from Russian& By 2! 2!
Ro'ityans'y! 2nstitute of Aeo%hysics& +ie& U!S!S R! <ub: S%ringer-Herlag #)45!
2SBN! >-$-)-#).>)-4
Electron <aramagnetic Resonance of Transition 2ons by A! Abragam and B! Bleaney Doer <ublications&
New Bor'& N!B! #04.
The Electromagnetic 3ield by A! Shadowit:& Doer <ublications& New Bor'& N!B!
Aeomagnetism& Seeral Holumes& <ub! <eriodically by K!A! Kacobs& 2nstitute of Earth Studies& Dyfed& U!+!
<ub: Academic <ress #040-#00)9s!
Aeomagnetism by S! Cha%man and K! Bartels& > Holumes C6ford Uniersity <ress& #0-)
<hysics of Aeomagnetic <henomena& Seeral Holumes by S! 1atsushita and "! ;! Cam%bell National
Center for Atmos%heric Research& Boulder& Colorado @ibrary of Congress ,.(-
5>#.4 <ub: Academic <ress& #0.(
<hysics <roblems and ;ow to Sole Them by C! E! Bennett& <rofessor Emeritus of <hysics! Uniersity of
1ain 7<articularly the sections on Electricity and 1agnetism& and Units of
1easure8! <ub: ;ar%er G Row 2SBN! )-).--.)5)>-.
Units and Standards for Electromagnetics By <! Higoureu6& National <hysical @aboratory <ub: S%ringer-
Herlag #)(# 2SBN! )->4(-0#)((-4
Sureyor9s Auide to Electromagnetic Distance 1easurement! Edited by K! K! Saastamoinen& Canada <ub:
Uniersity of Toronto <ress
Electromagnetic Distance 1easurement by C! D! Burnside <ub: Aranada& @ondon #0(#
2SBN! )-5$4-0.(0>-$
Der 1agnetische +reis
J
The 1agnetic Circuit
J
By Hon ;ein: Rieger of Siemens AA! #0() Berlin and
1unchen& Aermany 2!S!B!N! >-4))0--(#0 .
Electronic 1odelling of <ower Electronic Conerters by K! A 3erreira <ub: +luwer Academic #040 >> A;
Dordrecht& The Netherlands 2!S! B! N! )-(05>-0)>--5
E. E. S. I I + -/C34256!1 I !F527/8I 5! 9 C5!CE&8
"ith alternating electrical current& electrons do not moe from %oint JAJ to %oint JBJ as commonly
enisionedQ Electrical %otential 7oscillating electrons8 at %oint JAJ& results in harmonic electron actiity at
%oint JBJ& when the grounding switch 7circuit8 is closed! That is to say& %oint JBJ su%%lies it9s own electrons
and mirrors the actiity of %oint JAJ! 2m%ulsing 7turbulence8 by magnetic induction causes electrons to be
%ulled into the system& which then oscillates! "hen the magnetic field colla%ses 7becomes absent8 the
electrical %otential returns to it
9
s natural bac'ground leel!
Seeral maMor flaws are %resent in the conentional .) cycles %er second method of electrical %ower
generation and it9s iron core transformer system! This system is handcuffed by the inverse
relationship of volts to amperes. This re%resents a stodgy& infle6ible inheritance& courtesy of 1r! T!A!
Edison and his conce%t of electrical %ower generation!
Ni'ola Tesla stood& almost alone& against Edison and managed to %reail with his Alternating Current
system! "ithout the alternating current system& electronic things in the modern sense would not e6ist!
This re%ort will be concerned with some of the e6tensions and benefits of the alternating current electrical
system! This study will limit it
'
s scope to air core coil transformers at radio frequency and
upwards. The electrical power produced by this method is inverted to Direct Current and then to
Alternating Current as required for popular usage. There are seeral im%ortant adantages of this
system oer conentional %ower generation!
Start with two coils 7se%arate-a%art8& one being a reactor coil 7@-#8 and a second coil 7@-58& being the
reactant coil! 1agnetic field flu6ing 7off-on of the electrical source8 causes inductie reactance of @-#
which re%licates by induction in @-5! <ulsing of the magnetic field 7from @-#8 in the %resence of @-5&
generates electrical %otential! 3or e6am%le& should the @-# coil hae ten turns& with an im%osed AC!
%otential of #&5)) olts! This results in each turn of @-# ac*uiring #5) olts of %otential! This induced
magnetic field& then re%licates itself in each turn of the @-5 coil! The @-5 coil may hae one or many
hundreds of turns! 1odern enca%sulation techni*ues ma'es high fre*uency and high energy controllable!
@et9s ta'e another im%ortant ste% in this air-core transformer %rocess! 3or %ur%ose of discussion& let the
alue of inductie reactance at .) cycles %er second& e*ual one! Each time the fre*uency is doubled& the
effectieness of induction is s*uared! At about 5)&))) ;:& when radio frequency is achieved, the
electrons begin spinning free, outside of the inductor and they become increasingly free of the
inverse relationship of volt-amperes. 3rom this %oint on& they re%licate by the inductie %rocess as
H!A!R!! That is to say, volts and amperes are equal, until resistance wor!" is introduced. Therefore,
additional, not previously available electrons become incorporated for a very large net gain in
potential. This gain is real #
The *uality of the grounding system determines the effectieness of this method of %roducing electricity! A
handy reference to locate the negatie grounding areas for %ower generation can be found in the
Aeromagnetic 1a% Studies of the US Aeological Surey! They %roide an e6cellent method for locating
the best sites for o%timum negatie grounding areas!
"hen this method is combined with the induction coil system& already described& it %roides an electrical
%ower generating system millions of times more efficient than any 'nown conentional method!
This new system 7JE!E!S! 22J8 is uncom%licated& %hysically small and it is ine6%ensie to build! The
technology re*uired for it
9
s construction already e6ists! 1aintenance is near :ero& as there are no moing
%arts! Cnce o%erating& this system could last foreer!
Small mobile E!E!S! 22 units are already aailable as re%lacements for the batteries used in electric
automobiles! @arger E!E!S! 22 units can be %roided as a re%lacement source of %ower for hotels& office
buildings& subdiisions& electric trains& manufacturing& heay e*ui%ment& shi%s& and generally s%ea'ing&
any %resent day a%%lication of electrical %ower!
Eart$ El ectri cal System I I + 7odul ar 6ni ts
The system consists of three se%arate modules! Reerse engineering is used in matching the modules to
the desired usage!
:I4: %58/4E I!16C8I5! 82/!SF527E2 7516E"
1. <referably an off-the-shelf-unit similar to a TH flybac' andNor automobile ignition ty%e related coil
7transformer8!
2. Ratio of in%ut to out%ut may be from less than #:#)) to greater than #:#&))) A oltage tri%ler may
then be used!
3. A connection allowing the high oltage out%ut to %ass onward through the induction coil @-# and then
to it9s grounding!
/! /I2 C52E I!16C8I5! C5I 82/!SF527E2 7516E"
1. There are two coils: the reactor coil @-# and the reactant coil @-5! @-# has a high oltage radio
fre*uency ca%acitor between it and it9s grounding!
2. 2n%ut into the @-# inductor is diided by the number of turns in it! The magnetic flu6 field %roided from
each turn of @-# re%licates itself as an electrical %otential in each turn of @-5!
3. @-5 may hae one turn or many hundreds of turns! The net gain de%ends u%on the number of turns in
@-5! Cut%ut from @-5 is in H!A!R! $ith this type of output, volts and amperes are the same until
wor!resistivity" is introduced.
8:E I!%E28E2 7516E"
1. 2nerts to direct current 7D C!8
2. 2nerts to alternating current 7A C 8& as desired!
3. <roides customi:ed out%ut of electrical %ower ready for designated usage
EARTH ELECTRICAL SYSTEM H . IIOPEStIC USE RAN5E MODULE
UP TO Two MILLION E.>T(+PE)E")E(%TIEE .-TP-T T
PLAN "A
"
, WITH VARIAFSLE CONTROLS
NOT ID SCALE 12
PART&; 1. COIL, VMRWWLILE. 2. CAPACITOR. VARIABLE. 3 RESISTOR, VAR]ARI
,
F. 75. I NRTSTfR. R.F.. B .
/(TTE)A. )E%,()GE(/>E. # . .FF.0 "9IT%,. E()I(/>E, 6 , ,IG, E.>T(GE T)(0"F.)+E), 3 . FEE& /(%= 9IT,
"P()= G(P. U . )E(%T.), I0&-%TI.0 %.I >. 5 $ . FEE& /(%= I<T, "P()= G(P.
5 5 , )E(%T(IIT %.I >. 5 D . .-TP-T FOR 11, 13, INPUT FOR ELEVEN. 14, GROUNDING FOR ELEYf,
E()T, E>E%T)I%(> "A"TE+ I I . &.+E"TI% #SE RAGE +.&->E -P T$
Twa "ILLI$ VOLT-AMPERES-REACTIVE OUTPUT PLAN
ELECTRICAL AUTOMO!ILE ENERGY"SOURCE
P()T"I 57 E()(%T.(, F)(I5iu F5E-->n t . T. D . RE6(6T$R) P . TRAHslsTOR. RAtt$ FRE7#EC!)
II, I I r F .r r . " I T c 5 , "#LTI*P$SITI$) B , -ATTER!) REC'ARGEA,LE8 9 0 TRASF$R"ER GR$#DIG) : 0 'IG' 4$LTAGE
IR##CTI$' TRASF$R"ER) -) REACT$R0 ID#CTI$ C$IL) ; ) FEED -AC< =IT'
SPAR< GAP) >$ REACTAT) ID#CTI$ %.I >. 5 5 . *).-0&<=G 6 $ 8 #O, OUT"PUT CIRCUIT.
IN E.>T(+PE)E")E(%TIEE.
POWER SOURCE MODULE HIGH VOLTAGE INDUCTION AIR CORE
TRANSFORMER MODULE I rwuL,T II>I> COIL
MODULE
?i(Gli VOLTAGE INDUCTION AIR CORE
IRAS >(:(ER "I>$#LL IMDUCTIQII [OIL
+5 &tM>E r
P H E R SOURCE M
O
DULE
Speec$ presented t$e evening o. (; 'uly. 1))< at t$e
International 8esla Society Convention at Colorado Springs. Colorado.
15!/1 . S7I8:
E!E24= C5!S68/!8
>110 -E!8 5/3 /!E
S&2I!4. 8E?/S @@;@)
EEC82IC/ E!E24= 2EFE2E!CE &5I!8S
Electrical Energy 4enerating System
&atent &ending A 0>B100.0@<. (B<B)(
The word
J
electric
J
comes from the @atin word electron
J
amber
J
! "hen rubbed& amber deelo%s an electrical
charge& which can be transferred to a dissimilar substance! During the seenteenth and eighteenth
centuries& a great deal of attention was centered on this attribute of amber! Amber was used
to differentiate the non-metals! Carbon-related substances and other non-metals& when subMected to
friction& gie u% negatie electrical charges! Cn the other hand& metals when subMected to friction& sim%ly
conduct the charge! 2t is im%ortant to note that a%%ro6imately ()? of the Earth9s e6%osed crustal %ortions
7surface8 consist of silicone related non-metals 7electron donors8 and therefore becomes a direct source
of electrical energy when %ro%erly agitated!
Useful electrical energy is obtained by grounding into the Earth9s non-metal crust and into it9s atmos%here
as a natural source of electrons! These electrons hae accumulated from the solar %lasma during the
aging of the Earth for more than -!$ billion years& at a rate e6ceeding >!0 e6aMoules %er year! This
indicates that the Earth9s electrical field contains in e6cess of #(!. 6 #)
#4
%ower of cumulatie e6aMoules of
energy! Cne e6aMoule is the a%%ro6imate energy e*uialent of #5$ million barrels of oil! The electrical
energy in one dis%lay of lightning is a%%ro6imately ten trillion Moules! During each 5- hour %eriod& the land
%ortions of the Earth9s surface yields in e6cess of 5))&))) emissions& which inoles more than 5&)))
*uadrillion watt-seconds of actie energy on dis%lay!
This %hysical %henomenon indicates that the Earth
9
s crust is an unending source of electrical energy! The
surface area inoled is a ery small %ortion of the Earth9s crust!
K!C! 1a6well 7#40#8 suggested that an actie electron field gies rise to an associated magnetic field!
Therefore& both are %resent with %ulsating current! Early studies& inoling obseration of com%ass
needles by microsco%y& reealed that the needle ibrates as with alternating current! 1ore recent studies
by A! Nishida and others& confirm that alternating current is common in the Earth
9
s crust!
C!3! Aauss 7#(((-#4$$8 and ;!C! Cersted 7#(((-#4$#8& both were se%arately trying to define the Earth9s
electrical field with all e6ternal influences remoed! These e6ternal influences being solar-*uiet %eriods
and being remote from the land9s surface! The air electricity bac'ground which they measured aries with
latitude! Their Euro%ean measurements corres%ond to a%%ro6imately the latitude of "ashington& D!C!
They were measuring magnetic field flu6 as an indicator of negatie electron energy actie and %resent!
A related family of measurement is now %resented! Units of measurement used to define flu6 fields
include Aauss 7one unit I #))&))) olts8& Cersted 7one unit - $)&))) olts8& Tesla 7one unit I #)&)))
Aauss8 and Aamma 7one unit I #N#)&))) th of a Aauss8! 1uch confusion e6ists in electrical related
%ublications about these units! As %resented here& they are correct with alues ta'en from their original
definitions!
The entire surface of the Earth has been sureyed by aerial magnetometer& in most cases using gamma
or nano teslas! Cne gamma is the magnetic flu6 e*uialent of #) actie olts of electricity! "hen this data
is corrected for flight height& it becomes obious that there are numerous areas where the gamma
readings e6ceed one trillion gammas! @ightning stri'es from the ground u% are in that energy range! "ith
'nowledge of these electron enriched areas& the *uality of Earth grounding& becomes enhanced!
The correction necessary for land surface data when ac*uired from aerial magnetometer ma%s 7using the
inerse s*uare law8 re*uires that the remote distance be s*uared and then multi%lied by the remote
reading! 3or e6am%le& if the reading is #&.)) gammas and the flight height is #&))) feet! Ta'e #&))) 6
#&))) I #&)))&))) 6 #&.)) gammas I #!. trillion gammas 6 #) olts I #. trillion olts e*uialent for land
surface data!
<resent day methodology re*uires mechanical energy to be e6%ended in e6change for electrical energy!
Any re*uired amount of electricity is aailable by resonant induction transfer from the Earth9s magnetic
and electrical fields! Each cycling of this resonant induction system %ulls in additional electrons&
generating energy in any re*uired amount! A small amount of electrical energy is used to actiate and %ull
into the system a much larger amount of energy!
E!E24= %E2S6S 7/SS
Functions
o. active
Electrons
Electrons become
actie when %laced
inside the critical
distance allowed by
their negatiity! Actie
Electrons %roide:
1. Electricity
2. 1agnetics
3. Araitational thrust as in
Electric 1otors
4. The source of Hisible @ight
5. 2t
9
s charge is Negatie
They moe in a closed loo% as
seen in the 2con for infinity& not in a
circle as shown in many boo's!
Cne half of the loo% consist of a
magnetic im%ulse and the return
half consist of the electrical
im%ulse! This is seen as the classic
sine wae of alternating electrical
energy!
A flash of light occurs when two
electrons suddenly find they are
too close together! Daylight results
from the im%ingement of Electrons
in the Earth9s atmos%here with the
Electrons of the Solar <lasma!
1y Conce%t of the 3orces of
Nature differs from the
conentional! 2t consist of a wea'
and a strong force& each being
additionally com%osed of electrical&
magnetic and graitational 7fields
and waes8! Any two of the three
constitute the third memberR
Araity JBJ of the wea' force
com%etes with humans on a daily
basis! Araity JAJ of the strong
force is the force that holds the
Solar System and the Unierse in
%lace! Energy from the Electrons
re%resent the wea' force! Energy
inside the Atom re%resents the
strong force JAJ! Controlled
resonant induction of any two of
the three& changes into the third
and is the motor that runs the
Unierse! "e see this in the
electrically-induced magnetic thrust
against graity in electric motors!
"ea' force is re*uired to dislodge
electrons and strong force 7atomic8
to dislodge %rotons! Unless
dislodged& these %articles are of
little alue in %roducing
Conentional Electrical Energy!
Therefore& in conentional
electrical energy %roduction& the
%article of im%ortance is the
negatie electron! Electrons hae a
J
grudging
J
relationshi% with other
electrons! They li'e each other&
es%ecially at arms length! @i'e
%otentials re%el each other& and
unli'e %otentials attract! To
demonstrate this& ta'e two
batteries of the same ty%e& but of a
different charge leel 7une*ual
%otentials8! <ut the %lus and
minus ends facing the same direction! Then with a olt meter& measure the electrical %otential between
the two negatie ends and then the two %ositie ends! 2t is obious that the
J
more negatie
J
moes to the
Jless negatieJ is the correct conce%t for electrical energy generation! Electrical Energy flow consist of a
higher concentration of electrons moing to an area of lesser concentration!
5:7#S /W WI8: C522EC8I5!S"
A maMor obstruction in reference to the correct function of electrical energy is the establishment9s incorrect
inter%retation of Chm9s @aw! The corrected ersion is:
%olts I Energy Aailable 7<otential8
5$m I Scattering& dissi%ation of Energy 7@oad8 /mpere
I the rate of& dissi%ation N scattering of energy
2t is im%ortant to note that Chm and Am%ere are after the fact& and are not decisie e6ce%t for the
dissi%ation factor! ;igh Holtage at low am%erage sim%ly means that the ;igh Holtage is still intact for
future usage! 2n no way is the %otential diminished by low am%erage!
E?/7&ES 5F 5%E26!I8=
Dominos did not e6ist in England when the @aws of Conseration were originally %ut in %lace! Ctherwise
they might hae been ery different! 3or e6am%le& let us ta'e a long row of u%right dominos& 7many
thousands8 and fli% number one! The Energy re*uired to fli% the first domino must now be added with that
of thousands more in order to hae a correct assessment!
The Electron itself is an e6cellent e6am%le of oer-unity! The electron %roides arious forms of energy
continuously throughout eternity and is in no way diminished! 2t sim%ly cycles through the system and is
aailable thereafter!
2n Electrical Systems& Electrons actie at %oint JAJ are not the same Electrons actie at %oint JBJ! That is
to say& the Electrons actiated at the Central Electrical Energy Station are not the ones used at your
house! "hen you ground your system by fli%%ing the wall switch& you use your own electrons! 2n closed
energy systems& electrons communicate with and re%licate the actiity of the oerbalanced %otential&
when %roided with Earth and or Air Aroundings!
The number of Radio sets and Teleision sets running at any one time do not diminish& in any way the
electrical out%ut of the source station!
3or e6am%le& let now use an Air Coil Resonant 2nduction System for the %ur%ose of fli%%ing some
electrons! The fli%%ing deice 7reactor coil @-#8 is %ulsed& which then %roides a resonant induction %ulse!
2n turn& this fli%s the electrons %resent at the 7reactant @-58 Coil! The energy in%ut in @-# is diided by the
number of turns %resent! The induced magnetic %ulsing in turn fli%s the electrons in each turn of @-5! 2f
more turns are %resent in @-5 than @-#& there is a net gain in the Energy %resent& as demonstrated by the
dominos aboe! The farads and henrys of the resonant system %roide the resonant fre*uency when
%ulsed by an e6ternal energy system! A system shunt in the resonant circuit sets the containment leel for
energy %otential!
The 2nduction <rocess itself %roides an e6cellent e6am%le of oer-unity! "hen com%aring rate of
induction& the cycles %er second must be s*uared and then com%ared to the s*uare of the second
System! @et us then com%are the .) c!%!s! System with my 55) 1;: Deice! Energy %roduced at radio
fre*uency has seeral maMor adantages oer the conentional system! Chm
9
s @aw does not a%%ly to a
resonant air-core radio fre*uency system!
3or e6am%le: "hen the system is resonant& the following is true:
This is named the H!A!R! 7 Holt Am%eres Reactie 8 System!
"hen com%ared to the Conentional Under-Unity iron-core transformer system& the results are oer-unity!
2t is strange that mechanical adantage as in %ulleys& gears& leers and others which corres%ond to the
electrical adantage aboe mentioned& are not considered oer-unity deices!
@et us ta'e a closer loo' at resonant induction! As an e6am%le& let a room full of %ing %ong balls randomly
bouncing at a high s%eed re%resent the Conentional method of under-unity energy generation! Su%%ose
that by resonant induction the balls all moe in the same direction at the same time! "hen this occurs a
huge amount of energy not %reiously aailable is %resent! The resonant air-core coil system lines u% the
electrons in such a manner that the energy factor is nearly #)) ? & and not the 5? or >? of Conentional
under-unity deices sanction by the establishment!
Some other deices where oerunity is common would be resonant induction circuits %resent in
conentional radio tubes 7high %late oltage8& negatie-feedbac' systems found in C%-Am%s and %ossibly
others!
S677/2=
Useful electrical energy is achieed when the electron density at %oint JAJ becomes greater than at %oint
JBJ& 7being the more-negatie moing to the less-negatie conce%t8! Coils moing through a magnetic
field or ice ersa causes this imbalance!
The mindset of the %rofessional Electrical Engineer is restricted to non-resonant and iron-core coil
resonant systems! Chm9s @aw& when a%%lied to resonant air-core induction systems& becomes& system
resistiity 7im%edance& L8! JLJ becomes :ero at resonance! Therefore& in this system& olts and am%eres
are e*ual until load 7resistiity8 is introduced! This is called the Holt Am%ere Reactie 7H!A!R!8 System!
"ith im%edance being :ero& the System grounding is cou%led directly into the Earth9s immense electrical
%otential! Efficiency of induction relates to the s*uare of the cycles %er second! Com%are the ratio of the
conentional .) c!%!s! System and the 55) million %lus cycles of my Earth Electrical System 22!
Electrons which cycle through this system& after being used& are returned intact to their former state for
future usage!
Electron s%in causes electrical current and magnetic lines of force
The effect of current& results from the une*ual distribution of negatiity 7electrons8!
1agnetic imbalance causes the graitational effect! This is eidenced in electric motors by magnet-
graitational dis%lacement of mass which causes the motor to rotate!
The System is an e6tension of %resent technology!
The System and it9s source utili:es magnetometer studies!
This System 7Earth Electrical System 22! JEES! 22J8 utili:es a fully renewable energy source! This
System utili:es a non-%olluting energy source!
This System utili:es an uniersally aailable energy source!
Endorsement and Certification of The System can be antici%ated by States with %ollution %roblems!
A2R CCRE 2NDUCT2CN CC2@ BU2@DERS AU2DE
15!/1 . S7I 8:
Energy Consultant
1. Decide fre*uency! Considerations are: 7economy of si:e8
a. Use radio fre*uency u%ward 7aboe 5)&))) ;:8!
b. Use natural fre*uency 7coils hae both ca%acitance and inductance8& that is match the wire
length of the wire in the coil to the desired fre*uency!
c. "ire length is either one *uarter& one half or full wae length!
d. To obtain the wire length 7in feet8 use the following: 2f using one *uarter wae length diide 5-(
by the desired fre*uency 7megahert: range is desirable8! 2f using one half wae length diide
-0- by the desired fre*uency! 2f using full wae length diide 004 by the desired fre*uency!
2. Decide number of turns& ratio of increase in number of turns sets the function! 2n the case of the @-#
coil& each turn diides the in%ut oltage by the number of turns! 2n the case of @-5 coil& the resulting
oltage in each turn of @-# is induced into each turn of @-5& adding u% with each turn! 3or e6am%le if the
in%ut into @-# from a high oltage& low am%erage module is 5&-)) olts& and @-#& for e6am%le& has #)
turns& then each turn of @-# will hae 5-) olts of magnetic induction which transfers 5-) olts of
electricity to each turn of @-5! @-5 may be one turn or many turns& such as #)) to $)) or more turns! At
#)) turns& 5-&))) olts would be %roduced! At $)) turns& #5)&))) olts would be %roduced!
3. Decide the height and diameter of the coil system! The larger the diameter of the coil& the fewer turns
are re*uired& and the coil has a lesser height! 2n the case of @-5 this results in lowering the
am%lification of the induced oltage from @-#!
4. 3or e6am%le& if 5-!( 1;: is the desired fre*uency out%ut from @-5! Cne *uarter wae length would be
5-( diided by 5-!( which e*uals #) feet of wire! The number of turns will be the am%lification factor!
The coil may be wound on standard si:e <!H!C! or %urchased from a su%%lier! The su%%lier is normally
a ham radio su%%ly source! Cnce the length is determined and the number of turns decided& moe to
the ne6t ste%! 3or e6am%le& let each turn of @-# hae 5- olts and desired out%ut of @-5 be .-) olts!
Therefore @-5 needs 5.!.( turns! 2t has been determined that the wire length for one *uarter wae
length is #) feet! The number of inches in #) feet is #5)! Using Chart JAJ su%%lied loo' for ne6t higher
number of turns showing 7being between 5) and >) turns with a 5J diameter coil8! This tells us to use
a 5J coil! 2f ready-made as in the case of Bar'er and "illiamson& #) Canal Street& Bristol& <enna!&
5#$-(44-$$4#& the coils come in standard si:es of -& . and #) turns %er inch! 3or higher JEJ use
wider s%acing of the turns! These coils come in a ready-made length of #) inches! Select from the coil
>) turns and %ut in%ut clam%s on the base of the coil and at >) turns! 3or e6act determination of the
correct %osition of the out%ut clam%& use an e6ternally grounded oltage %robe! The node of ma6imum
intensity& being the natural resonant %oint! Cff the shelf multimeters are not radio fre*uency
res%onsie! The easiest way to accom%lish the aboe is to get from the hardware store or Radio
Shac' a oltage detector haing a neon bulb system 7Radio Shac' Cat! No! 5(5-##))b& NE5-Neon
@am%s8 will wor'! "ith your hand as a ground& moe the wire e6tension of the neon lam% along the
coil surface until the neon is brightest! This is the desired %oint of resonance and it is the o%timum
connection %oint!
5. The in%ut %ower now needs consideration! A 5&-)) ;igh Holtage module has been %reiously selected!
This module can be made from a diode bridge or any combination of oltage am%lifiers! The one used
here is an off-the-shelf ty%e& similar to those used for laser technology!
6. Construction of the in%ut @-# coil! 2t has already been decided that there will be #) turns! The length of
the wire here is not critical! Since the @-5 coil is 5-inches in diameter& the ne6t off-the-shelf larger si:e
may be used for @-#! Use a >J diameter off-the-shelf coil which has #) turns to the inch! Remoe 7cut8
a #) turn %ortion from the larger coil! Use an @!C!R! meter and measure the natural farads
7ca%acitance8 and henrys 7inductance8 alues of the @-5 coil! Now do the same for the @-# coil! 2t will
be necessary to %ut a ca%acitor across the oltage in%ut of @-# in order to match the @-# coil to the @-5
coil! A s%ar' ga% across @# is also re*uired to deal with the return oltage from @-#! A tuneable
ca%acitor of the %ad 7JtrimmerJ8 ty%e for @-# is desirable!
7. The %erformance of the @-5 coil can be further enhanced by haing an Earth grounding from the base
of the coil! The ma6imum oltage out%ut will be between the base and the to% of the @-5 coil! @esser
oltages can be obtained at intermediate %oints along the length of the @-5 coil!
S6&&= S562CES
1. ;A1 RAD2C SU<<@B STCRES
2. CC2@S& A2R 2NDUCTCR 2N ;CUSTCN
3. BA+ER AND "2@@2A1SCN 7READB 1ADE8& BR2STC@! <ENNA!
A@SC R!3! DU11B @CADS AND "ATT1ETERS!
N C T E S
EEC82I C/ &2I !CI &ES" 8E27I !554= 9 S /F E 8 =
The use of electricity is so commonplace that most people assume that it will always !e
availa!le on demand. To fully reali'e our dependence upon electricity, consider the ways in
which electricity is !eing used each day in the home, on the farm and the ranch. Electricity is
doing more to increase wor1 efficiency and promote en:oya!le living than any other single
factor. The use of electricity has grown to the e*tent that an increasing portion of the home or
!usiness !udget, is used in paying for this source of energy.
() De&inition o& Electricity
Electricity can !e defined in several ways. The layman defines electricity as a source of energy
that can !e converted to light, heat, or power. Electrical Engineers define electricity as a
movement of electrons caused !y electrical pressure or voltage. The amount of energy produced
depends on the num!er of electrons in motion.
+) T/e "anu&acture and Di stri buti on o& El ectri ci ty
El ect ri ci t y i s produced from generat ors t hat are run !y wat er, st eam, or i nt ernal com!ust i on
engi nes. If wat er i s used as a source of power t o t urn generat ors, i t i s referred t o as
hydroel ect ri c generat i on. There are a num!er of t hi s t ype l ocat ed i n areas where huge dams
have !een !ui l t across l arge st reams.
"t eam is used as a source of power for generat i ng much of t oday8 s elect ri cit y. 9at er is heat ed t o
a hi gh t emperat ure, and t he st eam pressure i s used t o t urn t ur!i nes whi ch generat e el ect ri ci t y.
These are referred t o as t her mal powered generat ors. Fuel s used t o heat t he wat er are coal ,
nat ural gas, and4 or fuel oi l .
Generat ors at t he power pl ant generat e from 5P, 3$$ t o DD, $$$ vol t s of el ect ri ci t y. From t he
power pl ant , el ect ri ci t y i s carri ed t o a st epup su!st at i on whi ch, t hrough t he use of
t ransfor mers, i ncreases t he vol t age from #C, $$$ t o 6B$, $$$ vol t s. Thi s i ncrease i n vol t age i s
necessar y for t he effi ci ent t ransmi ssi on of el ect ri ci t y over l ong di st ances. From t he st epup
su!st at i on, t he el ect ri ci t y i s carri ed on t ransmi ssi on l i nes t o a st epdown su!st at i on whi ch
reduces t he vol t age t o 6, D$$ t o 57, $$$ vol t s for di st ri !ut i on t o rural and ci t y areas.
Transformers at the !usi ness or resi dence reduce the vol t age t o 5D$ or D7$ volt s to suppl y the
met er of t he cust omerK
,) Common Electrical Terms
In order to wor1 safely and efficiently with electricity and have the a!ility to converse on the
su!:ect, the following terms should !e understoodK
Ampere ((mp) ( measurement in units of the rate of flow of electrical current. This
may !e compared with the rate of flow of water in gallons per minute.
Exampl e: ( #$watt incandescent lamp on a 5D$E circuit would pull 54D ampere of
electricity (#$ divided !y 5D$ N $.B or 54D, FormulaK (mperes N 9atts 4 Eolts
4olt (E) ( unit of measure of electrical pressure. ( given electrical pressure (E) causes
a given amount of electrical current ((mps) to flow through a load of given resistance.
Eoltage may !e compared to water pressure in pounds per square inch in a water system.
%ommon service voltages are 5D$ volts for lighting and small appliance circuits and D7$
volts for heating, air conditioning, and large equipment circuits.
=att (9) ( unit of measure of electrical power. 9hen applied to electrical equipment, it
is the rate that electrical energy is transformed into some other form of energy such as
light. 9atts may !e compared to the wor1 done !y water in washing a car. (FormulaK Eolts
* (mps N 9atts)
<ilo%att (=9) ( unit of measurement used in computing the amount of electrical
energy used. =ilowatts are determined !y dividing the num!er of watts !y 5$$$ as 5
1ilowatt N 5,$$$ watts.
<ilo%att*'our (=9,) ( measure of electricity in terms of power in 1ilowatts and time
in hours. .ne =9, is 5$$$ watts used for one hour.
Al ternati ng Current @A) C) A * El ect ri cal current t hat al t ernat es or changes di rect i on
several t i mes per second. The di rect i on current moves depends on t he di rect i on i n whi ch
t he vol t age forces i t .
Cycl e * The fl ow of el ect ri ci t y i n one di rect i on, t he reverse fl ow of el ect ri ci t y i n t he
ot her di rect i on, and t he st art of t he fl ow !ac1 i n t he ot her di rect i on. The cycl es per
second are regul at ed !y t he power suppli er and are usuall y #$ in (meri ca. +ost el ectri c
cl oc1s are !ui l t t o operat e on t he mai ns frequency. +ore or fewer cycl es per second
woul d cause mai nsoperat ed cl oc1s t o gai n or l ose t i me. The present pract i ce i s t o use
t he t er m ,ert ' (,') rat her t han @cycl es per second@.
Di rect Current @D) C) A * Electri cal current fl owi ng in one directi on. E*ampl eK elect ri cal
ci rcui t s i n aut omo!i l es and t ract ors.
Trans&ormer * ( devi ce used t o i ncrease or decrease vol t age.
Si ngl e P/ase * The most common t ype of el ect ri cal servi ce or power avai l a!l e t o consumers.
.ne t ransfor mer i s used !et ween t he di st ri !ut i on l i ne and t he met er. -sual l y
t hree wi res, t wo @hot @ and one neut ral , are i nst al l ed t o provi de 5D$E and D7$E si ngl e
phase servi ce. "i ngl ephase servi ce may al so !e suppl i ed wi t h a t hreephase servi ce.
T/ree*P/ase * Thi s t ype of servi ce i s desi gned especi al l y for l arge el ect ri cal l oads. It i s
a more e*pensi ve i nst al l at i on due t o t hree wi res and t hree t ransfor mers !ei ng requi red.
The i mportant advant age of threephase power is t hat t he tot al electri cal l oad i s di vi ded
among t he t hree phases, consequent l y, t he wi re and t ransfor mers can !e smal l er. .t her
advant ages e*i st i n t he desi gn of t hreephase mot ors.
S/ort Ci rcui t * ( di rect connect i on (!efore current fl ows t hrough an appl i ance) !et ween
t wo @hot @ wires, !et ween a @hot @ and neut ral wire, or !et ween a @hot @ wire and ground.
4ol tage Drop * ( reduct i on of current !et ween t he power suppl y and t he l oad. &ue t o
resi stance, there wil l !e a l oss of vol tage any t i me el ect rici t y fl ows t hrough a conduct or
(wi re). Fact ors t hat i nfl uence vol t age drop are si 'e of wi re, l engt h of wi re, and t he
num!er of amps fl owi ng. ( drop i n vol t age may cause a l oss of heat , l i ght , or t he ful l
power out put of a mot or. It coul d cause mot or !urnout unl ess t he mot or i s properl y
prot ect ed (t i medel ay fuse).
Fuse * ( devi ce used t o prot ect ci rcui t s from an overl oad of current .
Ci rcui t -reaBer * ( devi ce used t o prot ect ci rcui t s from an overl oad of current . +ay !e
manual l y reset .
Ti me*Del ay Fuse * ( fuse wi t h t he a!i l i t y t o carr y an overl oad of current for a short
durat i on wi t hout di sengagi ng t he cont act s or mel t i ng t he fuse l i n1.
'orsepo%er (hp) ( uni t of mechani cal power equal t o 67# wat t s of el ect ri cal power
(assumi ng 67. #V el ect ri c mot or effi ci ency). +ot ors of one horsepower and a!ove
are rat ed at 5$$$ wat t s per hp whi l e mot ors !el ow one horsepower are rat ed at
5, D$$ wat t s per hp.
Conductor * The wi re used t o carr y elect ri cit y (t ypi cal l y, copper or al umi num). %opper
and al umi num shoul d not !e spl i ced t oget her due t o t hei r i ncompat i !i l i t y
resul t i ng i n det eri orat i on and o*i dat i on.
Insul ator * ( mat eri al whi ch wi ll not conduct el ect ri ci t y and is usuall y made of glass,
/a1el i t e, porcel ai n, ru!!er, or t her mopl ast i c.
2'ot2 =ire * ( currentcarr yi ng conduct or under el ectri cal pressure and connect ed to a
fuse or ci rcui t !rea1er at t he di st ri !ut i on panel . (%ol or %odeK usual l y !l ac1 or
red)
eutral =ire * ( current carr yi ng conduct or not under el ect ri cal pressure and
connect ed t o t he neut ral !ar at t he di st ri !ut i on panel . (%ol or %odeK usual l y
whi t e)
Groundi ng * The connect i on of t he neut ral part of t he el ect ri cal syst em t o t he eart h t o
reduce t he possi !il it y of damage from l ight ni ng and t he connect i on of el ect ri cal
equi pment housi ngs t o t he eart h t o mi ni mi 'e t he danger from el ect ri cal shoc1.
(%ol or %odeK %an !e green or !are wi re).
#nder%riters1 Laboratory @#)L)A * (n (merican national organi'ation which tests all
types of wiring materials and electrical devices to insure that they meet minimum
standards for safety and quality.
ational Electric Code @)E)C)A * )egulations approved !y the 0ational /oard of Fire
-nderwriters primarily for safety in electrical wiring installations. (ll wiring
should meet the requirements of the national as well as the local code.
.) Computing Electrical Energy #se and Cost
If an estimate of cost for electricity used is desired, the name plate data on appliances and
equipment and an estimate of operating time may !e used. The following formulas should !e used
for determining watts, amps, volts, watthours, 1ilowatthours, and cost.
9atts N Eolts * (mperes
(mperes N 9atts 4 Eolts
Eolts N 9atts 4 (mperes
9att,ours N 9atts * ,ours of operation
=ilowatt,ours N 9att,ours 4 5$$$
%ost N =ilowatt,ours * >ocal )ate per =ilowatt,our (or per @-nit@)
Example:
>ocal electricity rate per =ilowatt,ourK 3 cents
Equipment plate dataK 5D$ Eolts B (mps
+onthly hours of operationK 5$
1. 9atts N Eolts * (mperes, so 9atts N 5D$ * B N #$$ watts
2. 9att,ours N #$$ * 5$ N #,$$$ watthours
3. =ilowatt,ours N B,$$$ 4 5,$$$ N # 1ilowatthours (or # -nits)
4. %ost N # * 3 N 73 cents
5. Electrical Circuits
(n Electrical %ircuit is a completed path through which electricity flows. Insulated conductors
(wires) provide the path for the flow of electricity. ( water system and an electrical circuit are
similar in many respects. 9ater flows through pipes and is measured in gallons per minute, and
electricity flows through conductors and is measured in amperes. ( simple circuit is shown hereK
( circuit includes a @hot@ wire (red or !lac1) carrying current from the source through a switch,
circuit protector (fuse or circuit!rea1er), and an appliance. The neutral wire (white) conducts
the current from the appliance to the source (ground).
There arc two methods for connecting devices in a circuit @in series@ or @in parallel@. In a
series circuit, all of the current must flow through each device in the circuit. )emoving any one
of the devices in a series circuit will stop the flow of current. In parallel circuits, the load (lights
or appliances) are connected !etween the two wires of the circuit providing an independent path
for the flow of current, and removing a lamp has no effect on the other lamps in the circuit.
"witches, fuses, and circuit !rea1ers are always connected in series. In most cases, e*cept for
some %hristmas tree lights, appliances and lights are connected in parallel.
9) (+8 4olt and +.8 4olt Circuits
The 5D$E circuit has one @hot@ and one neutral wire, with the switch and circuit protector in the
hot line. The neutral wire from the appliance is connected to the neutral !ar in the fuse or
!rea1er !o*. For safety, the neutral wire should never !e !ro1en or interrupted with a switch or
fuse.
The voltage in a 5D$E circuit is measured with a voltmeter with one lead on the hot terminal and
the other lead on the neutral !ar. The num!er of amperes flowing may !e measured with a
clampon ammeter !y encircling the hot or neutral wire with the :aws of the ammeter.
The D7$E circuit has two hot wires and one safetyground wire. "witches and fuses are installed
in the hot lines. The two hot wires arc necessary for the operation of D7$E welders and motors.
The safetyground wire, connected to the metal frame of the equipment or motor and to the
neutral !ar, does not carry current unless a @short@ develops in the motor or welder. If a short
should occur, one of the circuit protectors will !urnout or open, thus opening the circuit.
The voltage on a D7$E circuit is measured !y fastening a lead on the voltmeter to each of the hot
wires. Eoltage !etween either hot terminal and the neutral !ar will !e onehalf of the voltage
!etween the two hot wires. The num!er of amperes flowing can !e measured !y clamping an
ammeter around either of the hot wires.
:) Sa&ety Grounding o& Electrical ECuipment
)efer !ac1, to the D7$E circuit and note the ground wire from the metal frame to the neutral !ar.
The following illustration shows proper safety grounding when operating a drill in a 5D$E
circuit. The safetyground wire may !e !are, !ut a threewire ca!le is recommended. "afety
ground wire in threewire ca!le is usually green in color. ( currentcarrying neutral wire should
never !e used for a safetyground. >i1ewise, a safetyground wire should never !e used as a
currentcarrying hot or neutral wire.
-sing grounded receptacles and a safetyground on all circuits will allow the safetygrounding
of appliances when they are plugged into the outlet. (n adapter must !e used to properly ground
appliances connected to receptacles which are not safetygrounded. If an adapter is used, the
green pigtail wire must !e connected to a 1nown ground to give protection from electrical shoc1
should a shortcircuit occur.
( test lamp can !e used to chec1 a circuit completed !etween a @hot@ wire and a neutral wire.
-se the test lamp to chec1 appliances for shorts. 9ith the appliance plugged into an outlet, touch
the appliance frame with one lead of the test lamp while the other lead of the test lamp is
grounded to a water or gas pipe. If the test light does not !urn, reverse the appliance plug and
chec1 with the test lamp again. If the light !urns, a short e*ists (the hot wire is touching the
frame of the appliance). -nplug the appliance and repair or discard it.
D) Electrical Circuit Protection
Electrical circuits should !e protected from an overload of amperes. Too many amperes flowing
through an unprotected circuit will generate heat, which will deteriorate or melt the insulation
and possi!ly cause a fire. The num!er of amperes that a given conductor can safely carry,
depends upon the 1ind and si'e of wire, type of insulation, length of run in feet, and the type of
installation. %harts are availa!le in reference te*ts giving allowa!le currentcarrying capa!ilities
of various conductors.
The four types of circuit protection areK common fuses, fusetrons (timedelay), fustats (twopart
timedelay), and circuit!rea1ers. Fuses are of two !asic typesK plug, and cartridge.
%ommon fuses contain a lin1 made from a lowtemperature melting alloy which is designed to
carry current up to the rating of the fuse. %urrent higher than the amperage rating causes the lin1
to heat a!ove it8s melting point. 9hen the fuse @!lows@, the lin1 melts and opens the circuit.
Fusetrons (timedelay fuses) are made to carry a temporary overload, such as the overload
caused !y the starting of an electric motor. The fuse, however, still provides protection for the
circuit, and a shortcircuit will melt the fuse lin1. If a common fuse is used, the fuse lin1 will
melt every time an electric motor starts. The use of a larger ampere common fuse will prevent
the @!low@ resulting from the temporary overload, !ut will not provide protection for the motor or
the circuit.
Fust at s, nont ampera!l e fuses of t he t i medel ay t ype, have a di fferent si 'e !ase and requi re a
speci al adapt er whi ch i s screwed i nt o t he st andard fuse soc1et . (ft er t he adapt er i s i nst al l ed, i t
cannot !e removed. For e*ampl e, t he i nst al l at i on of a 5Bampere adapt er al l ows onl y t he use of
5Bampere or smal l er fuse.
%i rcui t ! r e a 1 e r s el i mi nat e t he repl acement of fuses and are commonl y used even t hough a
circuit !rea1er !o* cost s more than a fuse !o*. %i rcui t !rea1ers are of t wo t ypes, t hermal and
magnet i c. The t her mal !rea1er has t wo cont act s hel d t oget her !y a !i met al l at ch. ( current
overl oad causes t he !i met all i c stri p to !ecome heat ed, t he l at ch releases, and t he poi nt s spri ng
open. (ft er t he !i met al l i c st ri p cool s, t he swi t ch i s reset and servi ce i s rest ored.
The magnetic !rea1er has contacts that are held together !y a latch which is released !y the
action of an electromagnet. The amount of current flowing through the circuit will determine
the si'e of the electromagnet. This type of circuit!rea1er is reset !y moving the toggle switch
t o t he @on@ posi t i on.
The fol l owi ng di agram shows t he part s of a ci rcui t !rea1er.
;) o Faul t Groundi ng
Fuses and ci r cui t !r ea1er s are safet y devi ces whi ch l i mi t current (amperage) i n a
ci r cui t . Thei r mai n funct i on i s t o prot ect equi pment and wi ri ng from over l oad. Ground
faul t ci r cui t i nt er r upt er s (GFI) are desi gned t o prot ect humans, equi pment , and4 or
el ect r i cal syst ems from i n: ury or damage i f el ect r i ci t y fl ows i n an uni nt ended pat h (a
s hor t ci r cui t ) .
( GFI i s a very s ens i t i ve devi ce t hat f unct i ons !y compari ng t he current movi ng i n t he
@hot @ wi re wi t h t hat i n t he neut ral wi re. If t hese t wo current s are not equal , a faul t
e*i st s, and current i s @l ea1i ng@ out of t he ci r cui t . If t he di ff er ence i n current !et ween
t he t wo wi res i s B4 5$$$ of an ampere or gr eat er,
t he GFI wi l l open t he ci r cui t , s hut t i ng of f t he power and el i mi nat i ng any s hoc1
ha'ar d.
The 0at i onal El ect r i cal %ode r equi r es GFl 8 s f or al l 5D$E, s i ngl e phas e, 5B and D$
amp r ecept acl es i ns t al l ed out door s , i n !at hr ooms , and i n gar ages f or r es i dent i al
!ui l di ngs . ( GFI i s r equi r ed at cons t r uct i on s i t es and s ome ot her appl i cat i ons .
(f t er cor r ect i ng a ci r cui t f aul t , t he GFI ma y !e r es et f or f ur t her us e.
( var i et y of GFI equi pment i s made f or 5D$ and D7$ vol t ci r cui t s K
) EFE)E0%E" K
% ..PE), E >+E) > . ,
AGRI C ULTURAL
EC! A"I C# :
$U"%A E"TAL# A"%
APPLI CATI &"#'
& E>+ ()
P -/>I ",E)" I 0%. ,
( >/( 0A, 0 E9
A .)=
E >E%T)I %(> 9 I )I 0G
) E"I &E0 TI (>, - TI >I TA
/ -I >&I 0 G" , " E)EI %E
( )E(", ( ( E I + ,
( T,E0", G E.)GI (.
!ote" 8$is
electrical
in.ormation does not apply directly to areas outside /merica and local regulations .or
electrical supply s$ould Ce c$ecDed.
The following material is the section originally in Cha%ter > of JThe <ractical Auide to 3ree-Energy DeicesJ which
deals with Don Smith9s technology:
1on Smit$. Cne of most im%ressie deelo%ers of free-energy deices is Don Smith who has %roduced many
s%ectacular deices& generally with maMor %ower out%ut! These are a result of his in-de%th 'nowledge and
understanding of the way that the enironment wor's! Don says that his understanding comes from the wor' of
Ni'ola Tesla as recorded in Thomas C! 1artin9s boo' JThe 2nentions& Researches& and "ritings of Ni'ola TeslaJ
2SBN )-(4(>-)$45-) aailable from htt%:NNwww!healthresearchboo's!com and arious other boo' com%anies! This
boo' can be downloaded from htt%:NNwww!free-energy-info!com as a %df file& but a %a%er co%y is much better *uality
and easier to wor' from!
Don states that he re%eated each of the e6%eriments found in the boo' and that gae him his understanding of what
he %refers to describe as the 9ambient bac'ground energy9 which is called the 9:ero-%oint energy field9 elsewhere in
this eBoo'! Don remar's that he has now adanced further than Tesla in this field& %artly because of the deices
now aailable to him and which were not aailable when Tesla was alie!
Don stresses two 'ey %oints! 3irstly& a di%ole can cause a disturbance in the magnetic com%onent of the 9ambient
bac'ground9 and that imbalance allows you to collect large amounts of electrical %ower& using ca%acitors and
inductors 7coils8! Secondly& you can %ic' u% as many %owerful electrical out%uts as you want from that one magnetic
disturbance& without de%leting the magnetic disturbance in any way! This allows massiely more %ower out%ut than
the small %ower needed to create the magnetic disturbance in the first %lace! This is what %roduces a CC<=# deice
and Don has created nearly fifty different deices based on that understanding!
Although they get remoed *uite fre*uently& there is one ideo which is definitely worth watching if it is still there! 2t is
located at htt%:NNwww!metacafe!comNwatchN545)$>#NdonSsmithSfreeSenergyN and was recorded in 5)).! 2t coers a
good deal of what Don has done! 2n the ideo& reference is made to Don9s website but you will find that it has been
ta'en oer by Big Cil who hae filled it with innocuous similar-sounding things of no conse*uence& a%%arently
intended to confuse newcomers! A website which 2 understand is run by Don9s son is
htt%:NNwww!54an!comNaltenergy%roNinde6!htm and it has brief details of his %rototy%es and theory! Bou will find the
only document of his which 2 could locate& here htt%:NNwww!free-energy-info!comNSmith!%df in %df form and it contains
the following %atent on a most interesting deice which a%%ears to hae no %articular limit on the out%ut %ower! This
is a slightly re-worded co%y of that %atent as %atents are generally worded in such a way as to ma'e them difficult to
understand!
&atent ! 0(0000;5 / (0t$ 7ay (00< Inventor" 1onald ee Smit$
82/!SF527E2 4E!E2/852 7/4!E8IC 2ES5!/!CE I!85 EEC82IC E!E24=
/-S82/C8
The %resent inention refers to an Electromagnetic Di%ole Deice and 1ethod& where wasted radiated energy is
transformed into useful energy! A Di%ole as seen in Antenna Systems is ada%ted for use with ca%acitor %lates in
such a way that the ;eaiside Current Com%onent becomes a useful source of electrical energy!
1ESC2I&8I5!
8ec$nical Field"
This inention relates to loaded Di%ole Antenna Systems and their Electromagnetic radiation! "hen used as a
transformer with an a%%ro%riate energy collector system& it becomes a transformerNgenerator! The inention
collects and conerts energy which is radiated and wasted by conentional deices!
-acDground /rt"
A search of the 2nternational <atent Database for closely related methods did not reeal any %rior art with an
interest in consering radiated and wasted magnetic waes as useful energy!
1ISC5S62E 5F 8:E I!%E!8I5!
The inention is a new and useful de%arture from transformer generator construction& such that radiated and wasted
magnetic energy changes into useful electrical energy! Aauss meters show that much energy from conentional
electromagnetic deices is radiated into the ambient bac'ground and wasted! 2n the case of conentional
transformer generators& a radical change in the %hysical construction allows better access to the energy aailable! 2t
is found that creating a di%ole and inserting ca%acitor %lates at right angles to the current flow& allows magnetic
waes to change bac' into useful electrical 7coulombs8 energy! 1agnetic waes %assing through the ca%acitor
%lates do not degrade and the full im%act of the aailable energy is accessed! Cne& or as many sets of ca%acitor
%lates as is desired& may be used! Each set ma'es an e6act co%y of the full force and effect of the energy %resent in
the magnetic waes! The originating source is not de%leted of degraded as is common in conentional transformers!
-2IEF 1ESC2I&8I5! 5F 8:E 12/WI!4S
The Di%ole at right angles& allows the magnetic flu6 surrounding it to interce%t the ca%acitor %late& or %lates& at right
angles! The electrons %resent are s%un such that the electrical com%onent of each electron is collected by the
ca%acitor %lates! Essential %arts are the South and North com%onent of an actie Di%ole! E6am%les %resented here
e6ist as fully functional %rototy%es and were engineer constructed and fully tested in use by the 2nentor! 2n each of
the three e6am%les shown in the drawings& corres%onding %arts are used!