# 1.

The circuit given below is:

A. Band stop filter
B. Band pass filter
C. Oscillator circuit
D. All pass filter
Explanation:
The given circuit is Band pass filter
.

2.
Rank of the matrix:

A. 3 B. 2
C. 1 D. 4
Explanation:
The given matrix is equivalent to
,
Thus rank is 1.

3.
His rather casual remarks on politics __________ his lack of seriousness about the subject.
A. masked B. belied
C. cherish D. conserve
Explanation:
The key words in the statement are 'casual remarks' and 'lack of seriousness'.
The blank should be filled with a word meaning 'showed' or 'revealed'. Hence, 'betrayed' is the

4.
The resolution of a 4 bit counting ADC is 0.5 volts. For an analog input of 6.6 volts, the digital
output of the ADC will be
A. 1011 B. 1101
C. 1100 D. 1110
Explanation:
Resolution =
⇒ = 0.5
2
n
= 14 = (1110)
n = 4 bits.

5.
For the power amplifier circuit shown below, the maximum power dissipated by both output
transistor is

A. 9.66 W
B. 30.11 W
C. 31.66 W
D. 33.66 W
Explanation:
The max. power dissipated by both output transistor is max. P
2
= = 31.66 W.
6.
The maximum percent overshoot with maximum value of first overshoot as 3.5 V and steady state
value as 2.575 V is
A. 35.92% B. 26.43%
C. 57.61% D. 15.24%
Explanation:
From the transient response characteristics, Maximum percentage overshoot (MPO) is given as

MPO decides the relative stability of the system.

7.
Find V
o
(t) for the following circuit.
Data: L = 1 H, C = 1 F, R
1
= R
2
= 1 Ω and zero initial conditions.

A. 0 V
B. 5 V
C. 3 V
D. 2 V
Explanation:
E(s) = L[e(t)] = L[5 sin 3t]

Let V
1
(s) = Voltage across L
and
V
2
(s) = Voltage across R
2

V(s) = V
1
(s) - V
2
(s)

8.
An XOR gate with 8 variable is as follows:
A ⊕ B ⊕ C ⊕ D ⊕ E ⊕ F ⊕ G ⊕ H
The number of minterms in the Boolean expression is
A. 255 B. 127
C. 128 D. 256
Explanation:
.

9.
The figure shown below is designed to act as a constant current source across the load resistor.
The β of transistor is 50. What is the value of load current?

A. 1.96 mA
B. 2 mA
C. 2.04 mA
D. None
Explanation:
Voltage at base = 12 - 5 = 7 v
Voltage at emitter = 7 + 0.7 = 7.7 v
Current through R
1
= 2 mA
Thus current through load = = 1.96 mA.

10.
For a given magnetic material operating in linear mode B = 0.06 T. Assume
permeability = 51, then magnetization is:
A. 44836 A/m
B. 46834 A/m
C. 946 A/m
D. 936 A/m
Explanation:

μ = λ
m
H,
λ
m
= (μ - 1) = 51 - 1 = 50
μ = 50 x H 46834.
11.
The circuit is shown in figure.

The current transfer ratio , is
A.

B.

C.

D.

Explanation:
.

12.
Let f(A, B) = A ⊕ B; then the simplified form of the function f(f(x ⊕ y, z)w) is
A. (x ⊕ y ⊕ z)w
B. x ⊕ y ⊕ z ⊕ w
C. (x ⊕ y ⊕ z) + w
D. none of these
Explanation:
f(A, B) = A ⊕ B
f(x ⊕ y, z) = (x ⊕ y ⊕ z) = M
But f(MW) is undefined.

13.
A system has 12 poles or 2 zeros. Its high frequency asymptote in its
magnitude plot has slope of
Explanation:
High frequency asymptotes = - 20(12) + 2(20) = - 200 dB/DECADE.

14.
(1 2 1)
x
= (1 0 0)
4
Then x is equal to
A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. does not exist
Explanation:
x
2
= 2x + 1 = 16
x
2
+ 2x - 15 = 0, (x - 3)(x + 5) = 0, x = 3, - 5
Thus x = 3.

15.
For the network shown below, the Thevenin voltage and R
TH
is equal to
__________

A. 0 V, 58.82 Ω
B. 0 V, 96.774 Ω
C. 0 V, 3 KΩ
D. None of these
Explanation:
Since there is no independent source in the network; V
TH
= 0. To find
R
TH
apply 1 A current source across A and B.

Apply KCL at node V
x

as

Solving V
x
= 58.82 V
∴ .

16.
Impedance function for the network shown below is:

A. (3s + 1)
B.

C.

D. 2s + 3
Explanation:

17.
The function f = A ⊕ B ⊕ A ⊕ D ⊕ E ⊕ C ⊕ D ⊕ E ⊕ F ⊕ G ⊕ F ⊕ G ⊕ C ⊕ E ⊕ A ⊕ D ⊕ B⊕ E
⊕ E ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ D can be written as
A. A ⊕ B ⊕ D
B. A ⊕ B ⊕ E
C. A ⊕ E
D. A ⊕ E
Explanation:
A A B B C D D E E F G
2 1 3 3 2 3 1 4 1 2 2
0 A B B 0 D D 0 E 0 0
f = A ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ D ⊕ D ⊕ E
= A ⊕ 1 ⊕ 1 ⊕ E
= A ⊕ 0 ⊕ E = A ⊕ E.

18.
Which of the following functions would have only odd powers of x in its Taylor series
expansion about the point x = 0?
A. sin (x
3
)
B. sin (x
2
)
C. cos (x
3
)
D. cos (x
2
)
Explanation:

Thus sin(x
3
) will have odd powers
Sin (x
2
) will have even powers
Cos (x
3
) will have even powers
Cos (x
2
) will have even powers.

19.
Find the maximum power that can be delivered to a load

A. 0.025 W
B. 2.5 W
C. 2.5 W
D. 0.25 W
Explanation:
P
L
= I
2
R = x R â€¢â€¢â€¢(i)
where z
S
= 100 + j50
z
L
= 100 - j50
Putting the values in eq. (i)
P
L
= X l00 = 0.25 watts.

20.
For a integrator circuit, R
i
= 100 KΩ, C
F
= 10 μF. The input is a step dc voltage as shown
below. Its output will be

A.

B.

C.

D.

Explanation:

21.
The distance between target and radar is reduced to half. Power received
increases by
A. 1/16
B. 1/4
C. 4 times
D. 16 times
Explanation:
.

22.
The Causal system given below is __________
H(z) = 6 + z
-1
- z
-2

A. maximum phase
B. minimum phase
C. mixed phase
D. none of these
Explanation:
Minimum phase
H(z) = 6 + z
-1
- z
-1

6z
2
+ z - 1 = 0

∴ We have zeros at z = 1/3 and z = - 1/2

∴ All the zeroes lies inside the unit circle, it is a min. phase system.

23.

Given potential sin Θ cos Φ, find flux density D at (2, 2, 0)
A. 22.12 pC/m
2

B. 2.212 pC/m
2

C. 22.12 nC/m
2

D. 2.212 nC/m
2

Explanation:

Now E = -∇V
E = ∇V

At r = 2, θ = /2; Φ = 0 we have

∴ D = 22.12 PC/m
2
.

24.
The following circuit is implementation of
1. Sum of full adder
2. Carry of half adder
3. Difference of full subtractor

A. (i) only
B. (iii) only
C. (ii) only
D. (i) and (ii)
Explanation:

Now it is evident from the truth tables that sum and differennce are
same.

25.
The Thevenin impedance Z
th
between the nodes P and Q in the following
circuit is

A. 1
B.

C.

D.

Explanation:
For finding Thevenin equivalent
Short voltage source
Open circuit source
Now Thevenin equivalent
.

26.
If the memory chip size is 256 x 1 bits, then the number of chips required to make up 1 kB
(1024) bytes of memory is
A. 32 B. 24
C. 12 D. 8
Explanation:
.

27.
A coil has a designed for high Q performance at a rated voltage and a specified frequency. If the
frequency of operation is doubled, and the coil is operated at the same rated voltage, then the Q
factor and the active power P consumed by the coil will be affected as follows.
A. P is doubled, Q is halved
B. P is halved, Q is doubled
C. P remains constant, Q is doubled
D. P decreases 4 times, Q is doubled
Explanation:
ω
2
L = 2ω
1
L, R remains constant
∴ Q
2
= = 2Q
1
i.e. Q is doubled

for a high a coil ωL >> R

i.e. P decreases 4 times.

28.
The number of variables in a function is odd and the number of minterms with even number of 0's
are same as the number of minterms with odd number at 1 's, theexpression formed can be
represented in __________ as well as __________ form.
A. exclusive - OR, NOR
B. equivalence, exclusive - OR
C. AND, coincidence
D. OR, exclusive - OR
Explanation:
With odd number of variables (n) terms with even number of 0's and terms with odd number of 1
's are the same.
Thus the k-map for the above condition with minterms represented by terms with even number of
0's is
for n = 3
∴ The expression can be represented by equivalence (EX NOR) or (EX OR) expressions.

29.
Find the number of loop equation and number of possible trees for the given graph.

A. 7, 2097152
B. 7, 262144
C. 7.5764801
D. 6, 823543
Explanation:
In any graph, Number of loop equations L = B - N + 1
where B = Number of branches, N = Number of nodes.
Given B = 14, N = 8
∴ L = B - N + 1 = 7
The total number of trees possible
T = N
N - 2
= 8
8 - 2
= 262144.

30.
The number of open right half plane poles of is
A. 0 B. 1
C. 2 D. 3
Explanation:
Use Routh criteria.
31.
The common emitter model is shown below:

The h-parameter of this model are:
A.

B.

C.

D.

Explanation:
h parameter
V
1
= (3 + 5)I
1
+ V
2

.

32.
In the following limiter circuit, an input voltage V
1
= 10 sin 100t applied. Assume that the diode
drop is 0.7 V when it is forward biased. The zener breakdown voltage is 6.8 V

The maximum and minimum values of the output voltage respectively are
A. 6.1 V, -0.7 V
B. 0.7 V, -7.5 V
C. 7.5 V, -0.7 V
D. 7.5 V, -7.5 V
Explanation:
During +ve part of V
i

D
1
will be forward biased
Zener diode is reverse biased
Thus net voltage = 6.8 + 0.7 = 4.5 V
During -ve part of V
i

D
2
will be forward biased
D
1
will be reversed biased
Thus net voltage = -0.7 V .

33.
Four signals
m
1
= cos (ω
0
t), m
2
(t) = cos (ω
0
t), m
3
(t) = 2 cos (ω
0
t) and m
4
(t) = cos (4 ω
0
t) are multiplexed
by Time Division Multiplexing system. The commutator speed in rps is
A. 2f
0
B. 3f
0

C. 4f
0
D. 8f
0

Explanation:
Apply Nyquist criteria.
Maximum angular speed is 4ω
0

Thus commutator speed must be 2 x 4ω
2
= 8ω
0
.

34.
The feedback control system shown in figure is stable for what values of K and T?

A. K < 0, T > - 1
B. K > 0, T > 0
C. K > 0, T > - 1
D. K < 0, T > 0
Explanation:
Apply Routh Hurwitz criteria.

35.
Find z parameters for the following network

A.

B.

C.

D.

Explanation:
Use Mesh analysis
z parameters are given by,
V
1
= Z
11
I
1
+ Z
12
I
2
...(a)
V
2
= Z
21
I
1
+ Z
22
I
2
...(b)

Apply KVL to mesh 1
V
1
= 3I
1
- 2I
3
...(i)
Apply KVL to mesh 2
V
2
= 2I
2
+ 2I
3
...(ii)
Apply KVL to mesh 3
5I
3
+ 2I
2
-2I
1
=0 ...(iii)
5I
3
= 2I
1
- 2I
2

Put I
3
in eq. (i)

...(iv)
Put in (ii)
Similarly, ...(v)
Compare equation (iv) to (a) and equation (v) to (b)

.
36.
Find the value of i
x
if each resistance is of 3 Ω and each battery is of 6 V.

A. 1.1428 V
B. 1.432 A
C. 0.2892 A
D. O A
Explanation:
Using Mesh analysis

Loop 1 : 6 = 9i
1
- 3i
4
...(i)
Loop 2: 6 + 6 = - 6i
2

i
2
= - 2A ...(ii)
Loop 3: 6 = 9i
3
- 3i
4
...(iii)
Loop 4: 6 = 9i
4
- 3i
3
- 3i
1
...(iv)
Solving the above equations simultaneously
i
1
= i
3
= 1.1428 A
i
4
= 1.432 A
∴ i
x
= i
4
- i
3
= 0.2892 A.

37.
An image uses 512 x 512 picture elements. Each of the picture elements can take any of the 8
distinguishable intensity levels. The maximum entropy in the above image will be
A. 2097152 bits
B. 786432 bits
C. 648 bits
D. 144 bits
Explanation:
Picture elements (pixel) = 512 x 512 = 262144
Information per picture element N = log
2
M
M = 2
N

8 = 2
N

N = 3
Information for 262144 pixels = 262144 x 3 = 786432 bits
Entropy is same as average information per message.

38.
Find R
TH

A. 200 Ω
B. 0 Ω
C. 400 Ω
D. None of these
Explanation:
Since there is no independent source in the network
V
TH
= O V
To find R
Th
apply : A current source of 1 A across A and B.

Apply KCL at node n
1

Apply KCL at node Vn
2

Vn
1
= 2V
x
put in (i)

∴ Vn
2
= 4v
x

put in (ii)

100 + V
x
= 2V
x

100 = V
x

∴ Vn
2
= 4V
x
= 400 V
∴ .

39.
If then for this to be true x(t) is __________ .
A. exp (j2f/t)
B. exp (-j2f/t)
C. exp (j2ft)
D. exp (-j2ft)
Explanation:
Consider x(t) = e
j2

ft

y(t) = h(t) * x (t)
⇒ y(t) = h(). e
j2

f(t -

)
. d
= e
i2

ft
h() . e
- j2

f

. d
= e
j2

ft
x H(f) = x(t) x H(f)
⇒ .

40.
The dual transform of the given network as

A.

B.

C.

D. none of the above
Explanation:
Dual of R → G

41.
A λ/4 long high frequency transmission line is terminated into one impedance Z
R
. If Z
0
be the
characteristic impedance of the line, then input impedance Z
in
is
A. Z
o
Z
R

B. Z
2
R
/Z
o

C. Z
2
0
/Z
R

D. Infinity
Explanation:
, here and
∴ [Here Z
L
= Z
R
].

42.
Find the power absorbed or delivered by each source:

A. a = -32 b = - 12 c = -80 d = -60
B. a = -32 b = - 12 c = 80 d = 60
C. a = 32 b = 12 c = -80 d = 60
D. a = -32 b = 12 c = 80 d = -60
Explanation:
Source a : Power : 8 x (4) = - 32 W. Source A has delivered the power as it is. - ve.
Source b: Source B has absorbed power of + 12 W as power is positive
Source c: Source C has absorbed power of 5 x 16 = 80 W
Source d: Delivers power of 3 x i
x
x (5) = 3 x 4 x (- 5) = -60 W
Total power of the network is - 32 + 12 + 80 - 60 = 0 Watts.

43.
The function shown in figure, can represent a probability density function for A __________

A. A = 1/4
B. A = 1/6
C. A = 1/9
D. A = 1/2
Explanation:
The condition for the probability density function d(x) is and is always non
negative or the area under the curve f(x)is unity.
=> A x 6 + x 2 x 3A = 1
or 9A = 1 or A = .

44.
If the transfer function of the following network is

The value of the load resistance R
L
is
A. R/4 B. R/2
C. R D. 2R
Explanation:

.

45.
A bipolar differential amplifier uses a transistor having β
0
= 200, I
CQ
= 100 mA, |A
dm
| = 500
and CMRR = 80 dB. The value of R
c
and R
E
will be respectively __________ .
A. 1.25 kΩ, 1.25 MΩ
B. 125 kΩ, 1.25 MΩ
C. 1.25 MΩ, 1.25 kΩ
D. 3.25 kΩ, 3.25 MΩ
Explanation:
80 = 20 log CMRR
∴ CMRR = 10000

But CMRR = 2g
m
R
E

∴ = 1.25 MΩ
A
dm
= - g
m
R
C

= 1.25 KΩ.
46.
System is at rest for t < 0. V
s
= sin 2t. Determine v(t) for t greater than zero.

A.

B.

C.

D.

Explanation:
KCL at node V

∴ Natural response from s + 2, is Ae
-2t

For V
s
= sin 2t, s = 2j

Since the system is at rest for t < 0

Now substituting t = 0, we get

47.
A 300 MHz plane EM wave is propagating in free space. The wave is incident normally on an
infinite copper slap. The antenuation constant for the wave is (σ
copper
= 5.8 x 10
7
mho/ m). The
skin depth is
A. 0.005 x 10
-3
m
B. 0.0038 x 10
-3
m
C. 0.0028 x 10
-3
m
D. 0.0024 x 10
-3
m
Explanation:
.