- Lesson 2 Constructional Features, Operating Principle, Characteristics and Specification of Power Semiconductor Diode
- Zener Diode
- 1N5221B to 1N5267B
- Semiconductor Electronic Components
- Matlab in Teaching Od Semiconductor Device
- asd paper
- Automatic Phase Changer
- EDC question bank
- EC105
- 17 PN Junction
- 3- Special Purpose Diodess
- Semiconductor Electronics
- ElectronicsI_L1.pdf
- Electroluminescent and Transport Mechanisms of N-ZnOp-Si
- 4.Bipolar transistors.pdf
- stmicroelectronics-b20nk50z_d81998e474
- Componente electronico - BC238
- Ee212 Lab 4 - Copy
- Physics TVM Chennai
- AD8212
- BD135.pdf
- 200480C
- Data Sheet
- Physics (All Multiple Choice)
- 80086 Physics and Technology - Vishay Semiconductors
- semiconductor_devices_tutorial.pdf
- PHYSICS SA2 class XII
- 33942
- 1.b.diode Recovery Characteristics
- EEE 5 Lecture 19
- Section 7
- Section 8
- Section 5
- Section 6
- Section 4
- Section 4
- Exam Questions-Section 1
- Exam Questions-Section 2

**The circuit given below is:
**

A. Band stop filter

B. Band pass filter

C. Oscillator circuit

D. All pass filter

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

The given circuit is Band pass filter

.

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2.

Rank of the matrix:

A. 3 B. 2

C. 1 D. 4

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The given matrix is equivalent to

,

Thus rank is 1.

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3.

His rather casual remarks on politics __________ his lack of seriousness about the subject.

A. masked B. belied

C. cherish D. conserve

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The key words in the statement are 'casual remarks' and 'lack of seriousness'.

The blank should be filled with a word meaning 'showed' or 'revealed'. Hence, 'betrayed' is the

correct answer.

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4.

The resolution of a 4 bit counting ADC is 0.5 volts. For an analog input of 6.6 volts, the digital

output of the ADC will be

A. 1011 B. 1101

C. 1100 D. 1110

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Resolution =

⇒ = 0.5

2

n

= 14 = (1110)

n = 4 bits.

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5.

For the power amplifier circuit shown below, the maximum power dissipated by both output

transistor is

A. 9.66 W

B. 30.11 W

C. 31.66 W

D. 33.66 W

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The max. power dissipated by both output transistor is max. P

2

= = 31.66 W.

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6.

The maximum percent overshoot with maximum value of first overshoot as 3.5 V and steady state

value as 2.575 V is

A. 35.92% B. 26.43%

C. 57.61% D. 15.24%

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

From the transient response characteristics, Maximum percentage overshoot (MPO) is given as

MPO decides the relative stability of the system.

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7.

Find V

o

(t) for the following circuit.

Data: L = 1 H, C = 1 F, R

1

= R

2

= 1 Ω and zero initial conditions.

A. 0 V

B. 5 V

C. 3 V

D. 2 V

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

E(s) = L[e(t)] = L[5 sin 3t]

Let V

1

(s) = Voltage across L

and

V

2

(s) = Voltage across R

2

V(s) = V

1

(s) - V

2

(s)

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8.

An XOR gate with 8 variable is as follows:

A ⊕ B ⊕ C ⊕ D ⊕ E ⊕ F ⊕ G ⊕ H

The number of minterms in the Boolean expression is

A. 255 B. 127

C. 128 D. 256

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

.

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9.

The figure shown below is designed to act as a constant current source across the load resistor.

The β of transistor is 50. What is the value of load current?

A. 1.96 mA

B. 2 mA

C. 2.04 mA

D. None

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Voltage at base = 12 - 5 = 7 v

Voltage at emitter = 7 + 0.7 = 7.7 v

Current through R

1

= 2 mA

Thus current through load = = 1.96 mA.

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10.

For a given magnetic material operating in linear mode B = 0.06 T. Assume

permeability = 51, then magnetization is:

A. 44836 A/m

B. 46834 A/m

C. 946 A/m

D. 936 A/m

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

μ = λ

m

H,

λ

m

= (μ - 1) = 51 - 1 = 50

μ = 50 x H 46834.

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11.

The circuit is shown in figure.

The current transfer ratio , is

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

.

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12.

Let f(A, B) = A ⊕ B; then the simplified form of the function f(f(x ⊕ y, z)w) is

A. (x ⊕ y ⊕ z)w

B. x ⊕ y ⊕ z ⊕ w

C. (x ⊕ y ⊕ z) + w

D. none of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

f(A, B) = A ⊕ B

f(x ⊕ y, z) = (x ⊕ y ⊕ z) = M

But f(MW) is undefined.

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13.

A system has 12 poles or 2 zeros. Its high frequency asymptote in its

magnitude plot has slope of

A. -200 dB/decade

B. -240 dB/decade

C. -280 dB/decade

D. -320 dB/decade

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

High frequency asymptotes = - 20(12) + 2(20) = - 200 dB/DECADE.

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14.

(1 2 1)

x

= (1 0 0)

4

Then x is equal to

A. 2

B. 3

C. 5

D. does not exist

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

x

2

= 2x + 1 = 16

x

2

+ 2x - 15 = 0, (x - 3)(x + 5) = 0, x = 3, - 5

Thus x = 3.

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15.

For the network shown below, the Thevenin voltage and R

TH

is equal to

__________

A. 0 V, 58.82 Ω

B. 0 V, 96.774 Ω

C. 0 V, 3 KΩ

D. None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Since there is no independent source in the network; V

TH

= 0. To find

R

TH

apply 1 A current source across A and B.

Apply KCL at node V

x

as

Solving V

x

= 58.82 V

∴ .

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16.

Impedance function for the network shown below is:

A. (3s + 1)

B.

C.

D. 2s + 3

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

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17.

The function f = A ⊕ B ⊕ A ⊕ D ⊕ E ⊕ C ⊕ D ⊕ E ⊕ F ⊕ G ⊕ F ⊕ G ⊕ C ⊕ E ⊕ A ⊕ D ⊕ B⊕ E

⊕ E ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ D can be written as

A. A ⊕ B ⊕ D

B. A ⊕ B ⊕ E

C. A ⊕ E

D. A ⊕ E

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

A A B B C D D E E F G

2 1 3 3 2 3 1 4 1 2 2

0 A B B 0 D D 0 E 0 0

f = A ⊕ B ⊕ B ⊕ D ⊕ D ⊕ E

= A ⊕ 1 ⊕ 1 ⊕ E

= A ⊕ 0 ⊕ E = A ⊕ E.

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18.

Which of the following functions would have only odd powers of x in its Taylor series

expansion about the point x = 0?

A. sin (x

3

)

B. sin (x

2

)

C. cos (x

3

)

D. cos (x

2

)

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Thus sin(x

3

) will have odd powers

Sin (x

2

) will have even powers

Cos (x

3

) will have even powers

Cos (x

2

) will have even powers.

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19.

Find the maximum power that can be delivered to a load

A. 0.025 W

B. 2.5 W

C. 2.5 W

D. 0.25 W

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

P

L

= I

2

R = x R â€¢â€¢â€¢(i)

where z

S

= 100 + j50

z

L

= 100 - j50

Putting the values in eq. (i)

P

L

= X l00 = 0.25 watts.

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20.

For a integrator circuit, R

i

= 100 KΩ, C

F

= 10 μF. The input is a step dc voltage as shown

below. Its output will be

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

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21.

The distance between target and radar is reduced to half. Power received

increases by

A. 1/16

B. 1/4

C. 4 times

D. 16 times

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

.

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22.

The Causal system given below is __________

H(z) = 6 + z

-1

- z

-2

A. maximum phase

B. minimum phase

C. mixed phase

D. none of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Minimum phase

H(z) = 6 + z

-1

- z

-1

6z

2

+ z - 1 = 0

∴ We have zeros at z = 1/3 and z = - 1/2

∴ All the zeroes lies inside the unit circle, it is a min. phase system.

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23.

Given potential sin Θ cos Φ, find flux density D at (2, 2, 0)

A. 22.12 pC/m

2

B. 2.212 pC/m

2

C. 22.12 nC/m

2

D. 2.212 nC/m

2

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Now E = -∇V

E = ∇V

At r = 2, θ = /2; Φ = 0 we have

∴ D = 22.12 PC/m

2

.

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24.

The following circuit is implementation of

1. Sum of full adder

2. Carry of half adder

3. Difference of full subtractor

A. (i) only

B. (iii) only

C. (ii) only

D. (i) and (ii)

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Now it is evident from the truth tables that sum and differennce are

same.

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25.

The Thevenin impedance Z

th

between the nodes P and Q in the following

circuit is

A. 1

B.

C.

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

For finding Thevenin equivalent

Short voltage source

Open circuit source

Now Thevenin equivalent

.

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26.

If the memory chip size is 256 x 1 bits, then the number of chips required to make up 1 kB

(1024) bytes of memory is

A. 32 B. 24

C. 12 D. 8

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

.

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27.

A coil has a designed for high Q performance at a rated voltage and a specified frequency. If the

frequency of operation is doubled, and the coil is operated at the same rated voltage, then the Q

factor and the active power P consumed by the coil will be affected as follows.

A. P is doubled, Q is halved

B. P is halved, Q is doubled

C. P remains constant, Q is doubled

D. P decreases 4 times, Q is doubled

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

ω

2

L = 2ω

1

L, R remains constant

∴ Q

2

= = 2Q

1

i.e. Q is doubled

for a high a coil ωL >> R

∴

i.e. P decreases 4 times.

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28.

The number of variables in a function is odd and the number of minterms with even number of 0's

are same as the number of minterms with odd number at 1 's, theexpression formed can be

represented in __________ as well as __________ form.

A. exclusive - OR, NOR

B. equivalence, exclusive - OR

C. AND, coincidence

D. OR, exclusive - OR

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

With odd number of variables (n) terms with even number of 0's and terms with odd number of 1

's are the same.

Thus the k-map for the above condition with minterms represented by terms with even number of

0's is

for n = 3

∴ The expression can be represented by equivalence (EX NOR) or (EX OR) expressions.

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29.

Find the number of loop equation and number of possible trees for the given graph.

A. 7, 2097152

B. 7, 262144

C. 7.5764801

D. 6, 823543

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

In any graph, Number of loop equations L = B - N + 1

where B = Number of branches, N = Number of nodes.

Given B = 14, N = 8

∴ L = B - N + 1 = 7

The total number of trees possible

T = N

N - 2

= 8

8 - 2

= 262144.

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30.

The number of open right half plane poles of is

A. 0 B. 1

C. 2 D. 3

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Use Routh criteria.

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31.

The common emitter model is shown below:

The h-parameter of this model are:

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

h parameter

V

1

= (3 + 5)I

1

+ V

2

.

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32.

In the following limiter circuit, an input voltage V

1

= 10 sin 100t applied. Assume that the diode

drop is 0.7 V when it is forward biased. The zener breakdown voltage is 6.8 V

The maximum and minimum values of the output voltage respectively are

A. 6.1 V, -0.7 V

B. 0.7 V, -7.5 V

C. 7.5 V, -0.7 V

D. 7.5 V, -7.5 V

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

During +ve part of V

i

D

1

will be forward biased

Zener diode is reverse biased

Thus net voltage = 6.8 + 0.7 = 4.5 V

During -ve part of V

i

D

2

will be forward biased

D

1

will be reversed biased

Thus net voltage = -0.7 V .

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33.

Four signals

m

1

= cos (ω

0

t), m

2

(t) = cos (ω

0

t), m

3

(t) = 2 cos (ω

0

t) and m

4

(t) = cos (4 ω

0

t) are multiplexed

by Time Division Multiplexing system. The commutator speed in rps is

A. 2f

0

B. 3f

0

C. 4f

0

D. 8f

0

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Apply Nyquist criteria.

Maximum angular speed is 4ω

0

Thus commutator speed must be 2 x 4ω

2

= 8ω

0

.

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34.

The feedback control system shown in figure is stable for what values of K and T?

A. K < 0, T > - 1

B. K > 0, T > 0

C. K > 0, T > - 1

D. K < 0, T > 0

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Apply Routh Hurwitz criteria.

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35.

Find z parameters for the following network

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Use Mesh analysis

z parameters are given by,

V

1

= Z

11

I

1

+ Z

12

I

2

...(a)

V

2

= Z

21

I

1

+ Z

22

I

2

...(b)

Apply KVL to mesh 1

V

1

= 3I

1

- 2I

3

...(i)

Apply KVL to mesh 2

V

2

= 2I

2

+ 2I

3

...(ii)

Apply KVL to mesh 3

5I

3

+ 2I

2

-2I

1

=0 ...(iii)

5I

3

= 2I

1

- 2I

2

Put I

3

in eq. (i)

...(iv)

Put in (ii)

Similarly, ...(v)

Compare equation (iv) to (a) and equation (v) to (b)

∴

.

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36.

Find the value of i

x

if each resistance is of 3 Ω and each battery is of 6 V.

A. 1.1428 V

B. 1.432 A

C. 0.2892 A

D. O A

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Using Mesh analysis

Loop 1 : 6 = 9i

1

- 3i

4

...(i)

Loop 2: 6 + 6 = - 6i

2

i

2

= - 2A ...(ii)

Loop 3: 6 = 9i

3

- 3i

4

...(iii)

Loop 4: 6 = 9i

4

- 3i

3

- 3i

1

...(iv)

Solving the above equations simultaneously

i

1

= i

3

= 1.1428 A

i

4

= 1.432 A

∴ i

x

= i

4

- i

3

= 0.2892 A.

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37.

An image uses 512 x 512 picture elements. Each of the picture elements can take any of the 8

distinguishable intensity levels. The maximum entropy in the above image will be

A. 2097152 bits

B. 786432 bits

C. 648 bits

D. 144 bits

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Picture elements (pixel) = 512 x 512 = 262144

Information per picture element N = log

2

M

M = 2

N

8 = 2

N

N = 3

Information for 262144 pixels = 262144 x 3 = 786432 bits

Entropy is same as average information per message.

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38.

Find R

TH

A. 200 Ω

B. 0 Ω

C. 400 Ω

D. None of these

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Since there is no independent source in the network

V

TH

= O V

To find R

Th

apply : A current source of 1 A across A and B.

Apply KCL at node n

1

Apply KCL at node Vn

2

Vn

1

= 2V

x

put in (i)

∴ Vn

2

= 4v

x

put in (ii)

100 + V

x

= 2V

x

100 = V

x

∴ Vn

2

= 4V

x

= 400 V

∴ .

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39.

If then for this to be true x(t) is __________ .

A. exp (j2f/t)

B. exp (-j2f/t)

C. exp (j2ft)

D. exp (-j2ft)

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Consider x(t) = e

j2

ft

y(t) = h(t) * x (t)

⇒ y(t) = h(). e

j2

f(t -

)

. d

= e

i2

ft

h() . e

- j2

f

. d

= e

j2

ft

x H(f) = x(t) x H(f)

⇒ .

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40.

The dual transform of the given network as

A.

B.

C.

D. none of the above

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

Dual of R → G

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41.

A λ/4 long high frequency transmission line is terminated into one impedance Z

R

. If Z

0

be the

characteristic impedance of the line, then input impedance Z

in

is

A. Z

o

Z

R

B. Z

2

R

/Z

o

C. Z

2

0

/Z

R

D. Infinity

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

, here and

∴ [Here Z

L

= Z

R

].

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42.

Find the power absorbed or delivered by each source:

A. a = -32 b = - 12 c = -80 d = -60

B. a = -32 b = - 12 c = 80 d = 60

C. a = 32 b = 12 c = -80 d = 60

D. a = -32 b = 12 c = 80 d = -60

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Source a : Power : 8 x (4) = - 32 W. Source A has delivered the power as it is. - ve.

Source b: Source B has absorbed power of + 12 W as power is positive

Source c: Source C has absorbed power of 5 x 16 = 80 W

Source d: Delivers power of 3 x i

x

x (5) = 3 x 4 x (- 5) = -60 W

Total power of the network is - 32 + 12 + 80 - 60 = 0 Watts.

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43.

The function shown in figure, can represent a probability density function for A __________

A. A = 1/4

B. A = 1/6

C. A = 1/9

D. A = 1/2

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The condition for the probability density function d(x) is and is always non

negative or the area under the curve f(x)is unity.

=> A x 6 + x 2 x 3A = 1

or 9A = 1 or A = .

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44.

If the transfer function of the following network is

The value of the load resistance R

L

is

A. R/4 B. R/2

C. R D. 2R

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

.

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45.

A bipolar differential amplifier uses a transistor having β

0

= 200, I

CQ

= 100 mA, |A

dm

| = 500

and CMRR = 80 dB. The value of R

c

and R

E

will be respectively __________ .

A. 1.25 kΩ, 1.25 MΩ

B. 125 kΩ, 1.25 MΩ

C. 1.25 MΩ, 1.25 kΩ

D. 3.25 kΩ, 3.25 MΩ

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

80 = 20 log CMRR

∴ CMRR = 10000

But CMRR = 2g

m

R

E

∴ = 1.25 MΩ

A

dm

= - g

m

R

C

= 1.25 KΩ.

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46.

System is at rest for t < 0. V

s

= sin 2t. Determine v(t) for t greater than zero.

A.

B.

C.

D.

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

KCL at node V

∴ Natural response from s + 2, is Ae

-2t

For V

s

= sin 2t, s = 2j

Steady state response

Since the system is at rest for t < 0

Now substituting t = 0, we get

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47.

A 300 MHz plane EM wave is propagating in free space. The wave is incident normally on an

infinite copper slap. The antenuation constant for the wave is (σ

copper

= 5.8 x 10

7

mho/ m). The

skin depth is

A. 0.005 x 10

-3

m

B. 0.0038 x 10

-3

m

C. 0.0028 x 10

-3

m

D. 0.0024 x 10

-3

m

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

.

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48.

Following figure represents

A. AND B. OR

C. NAND D. NOT

Answer & Explanation

Answer: Option C

Explanation:

The output C is low only when A and B are both 1.

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