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Lesson 5
2. سنج – the Gender

Arabic مساs are of two types in regards to gender:
1.
ٌ
ر
ّ
ك
َ
ذ
ُ
م (Mudhak-kar) – masculine.
2.
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م (Muan-nath) – feminine.

All Arabic مساs are
ٌ
ر
ّ
ك
َ
ذ
ُ
م – masculine unless we specifically know
it is
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م – feminine.
There are two types of
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م – feminine.
1.
ّ
ي
ِ
ق
ْ
ي
ِ
ق
َ
ح
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م (Muan-nath Haqiqii) real feminine.
If you translate these nouns to any language they remain
feminine.
Examples:

ّ
ي
ِ
ق
ْ
ي
ِ
ق
َ
ح
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م real feminine

ٌ
ت
ْ
خ
ُ
ا
sister

ٌ
ت
ْ
ن
ِ
ب
daughter

ّ
م
ُ
ا
mother

2.
ّ
ي
ِ
ق
ْ
ي
ِ
ق
َ
ح
ُ
ر
ْ
ي
َ
غ
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م (Muan-nath Ghair Haqiqii) not real feminine.

ّ
ي
ِ
ق
ْ
ي
ِ
ق
َ
ح
ُ
ر
ْ
ي
َ
غ
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م is two types.
1.
ِ
ت
َ
م
َ
ل
َ
ع
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine with signs.
2. ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine as heard from the Arabs.


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1.
ِ
ت
َ
م
َ
ل
َ
ع
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine with signs.
There are three signs of feminine.
1. Taa marbuta (ة) at the end of a مسا.
Examples:

ِ
ت
َ
م
َ
ل
َ
ع
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine with signs

َ
را
َ
ج
ِ
ح
ٌ
ة
stone

َ
ي
ٰ
ا
ٌ
ة
sign
ّن
َ
ج
ٌ
ة
gerden

َ
ق
َ
ب
َ
ر
ٌ
ة
cow

َ
ف
ْ
ر
ُ
غ
ٌ
ة
room

َ
عا
َ
س
ٌ
ة
watch/time
Adjective nouns can be made in to feminine by adding
taa marbuta (ة) at the end.
Note: The letter before taa marbuta (ة) will have a Fatha.
Examples:

ِ
ت
َ
م
َ
ل
َ
ع
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م Adjective noun

َ
م
ِ
ل
ْ
س
ُ
م
ٌ
ة
female muslim

ٌ
م
ِ
ل
ْ
س
ُ
م
muslim

َ
ِ
لا
َ
ص
ٌ
ة
female pious

ٌ
ح
ِ
لا
َ
ص
pious

َ
ب
ِ
لا
َ
ط
ٌ
ة
female student

ٌ
ب
ِ
لا
َ
ط
student

َ
ر
ْ
ي
ِ
ب
َ
ك
ٌ
ة
big (fm)

ٌ
ر
ْ
ي
ِ
ب
َ
ك
big

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َ
ر
ْ
ي
ِ
غ
َ
ص
ٌ
ة
small (fm)

ٌ
ر
ْ
ي
ِ
غ
َ
ص
small

َ
ل
ْ
ي
ِ
و
َ
ط
ٌ
ة
long (fm)

ٌ
ل
ْ
ي
ِ
و
َ
ط
long

َ
ر
ْ
ي
ِ
ص
َ
ق
ٌ
ة
short (fm)

ٌ
ر
ْ
ي
ِ
ص
َ
ق
short

َ
ل
ْ
ي
ِ
ق
َ
ث
ٌ
ة
heavy (fm)

ٌ
ل
ْ
ي
ِ
ق
َ
ث
heavy

َ
ف
ْ
ي
ِ
ف
َ
خ
ٌ
ة
light (fm)

ٌ
ف
ْ
ي
ِ
ف
َ
خ
light
2. Alif maqsurah (ى
َ
َ it is also written like this
ٰ
َ ى ) at the end
of a مسا.
Examples:

ِ
ت
َ
م
َ
ل
َ
ع
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م- feminine with signs

ْ
س
ُ
ح
َ
ن ,
ْ
س
ُ
ح
ٰ
ن
beautiful lady

ْ
غ
ُ
ص
َ
ر ى ,
ْ
غ
ُ
ص
ٰ
ر ى
Small (f)

ْ
ب
ُ
ك
َ
ر ى ,
ْ
ب
ُ
ك
ٰ
ر ى
Big (f)
3. Alif mamdudah (ءا) at the end of a مسا.
Examples:

ِ
ت
َ
م
َ
ل
َ
ع
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine with signs

َ
د
ْ
و
َ
س
ُ
ءا
black

ْ
ف
َ
ص
َ
ر
ُ
ءا
yellow

َ
ر
ْ
ح
َ
ص
ُ
ءا
desert



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2. ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine as heard from the Arabs.
There are some categories, if any مسا is from these categories they
will be ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine as heard from the Arabs.
Category 1: Names of winds.
Examples:
ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine as heard from the Arabs

ٌ
دا
َ
ب
wind

ٌ
ر
َ
ص
ْ
ر
َ
ص
cold wind

ٌ
ح
ْ
ي
ِ
ر
wind
Category 2: Names of wines.
Examples:
ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م - feminine as heard from the Arabs

ٌ
ء
َ
ل
ِ
ط
wine

ٌ
ر
َْ
خ
wine
Category 3: Names of fire.
Examples:
ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م- feminine as heard from the Arabs

ٌ
م
ْ
ي
ِ
ح
َ
ج
hell fire

ُ
مّن
َ
ه
َ
ج
hell fire

ٌ
را
َ
ن
fire



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Category 4: parts of the body in pairs.
Examples:
ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م- feminine as heard from the Arabs

ٌ
ن
ُ
ذ
ُ
ا
ear

ٌ ْ
ي
َ
ع
eye

ٌ
د
َ
ي
hand

ٌ
ق
َ
ف
ْ
ر
ِ
م
elbow

ٌ
م
َ
د
َ
ق
foot

ٌ
ل
ْ
ج
ِ
ر
leg

Category 5: names of countries.
Examples:
ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م- feminine as heard from the Arabs

رل
َ
ا
ْ
و
ُ
م
Roman

ُ
ماّ شلا
Syria

ُ
ر
ْ
ص
ِ
م
Egypt

The exception to this rule are six Arab countries. These are:
قارعلا
Iraq
ن
ُ
درلا
Jordan
برغلا
Morocco
تيوکلا
Kuwait
نانب
ُ
ل
Lebanon
نادوسلا
Sudan



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Besides the above-mentioned nouns, there are other nouns
which are used as feminine by the Arabs.
Some of them are:
ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م- feminine as heard from the Arabs

ٌ
س
ْ
َ
ش
sun

ٌ
ض
ْ
ر
َ
ا
earth

ٌ
ءا
َ
َ
س
sky

ٌ
س
ْ
ا
َ
ك
glass

ٌ
را
َ
د
house

ٌ
ب
ْ
ر
َ
ح
battle

ٌ
ق
ْ
و
ُ
س
market
ا
َ
ي
ْ
ؤ
ُ
ر
dream

ٌ
س
ْ
ف
َ
ن
soul

All broken plurals (none-intelligent) are singular feminine.
(We will learn broken plurals in the next lesson).
Examples:
ي
ِ
عا
َ
ِ
س
ٌ
ثّن
َ
ؤ
ُ
م- feminine as heard from the Arabs

ٌ
با
َ
و
ْ
ب
َ
ا
doors

ٌ
م
َ
ل
ْ
ق
َ
ا
pens

ٌ
ب
ُ
ت
ُ
ك
books

ٌ
ت
ْ
و
ُ
ي
ُ
ب
houses

ٌ
ه
ْ
و
ُ
ج
ُ
و
faces

ٌ
ب
ْ
و
ُ
ل
ُ
ق
hearts