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Lesson 6
3. ددع the Number
In Arabic, مساs are of three categories with regards to number:
1. Singular

و

حا

د (wahid) indicating one.
2. Dual

م

ث
َ
ن (muthan-naa) indicating two.
3. Plural
م
ج

ع (jam’) indicating more than two.
The

م

ث
َ
ن (dual) is formed in عفر case by following the step below:
(Same rule is applied to both masculine and feminine مسا).
Put a Fatha (

َ) on the last letter of the مسا and add (

نا) at the
end of the مسا.
Examples:
نثم ى
dual
دحاو
singular
نثم ى
dual
دحاو
singular
عفر عفر عفر عفر

ا

ر
م
م

ا

ت

نا
two women

ة

ا

ر
م
م

ا
one woman

ل

ق

م

نا
two pens

م

ل

ق
one pen

ب
م
ط

خ

ت

نا
two Khutbas

ة

ب
م
ط

خ
one Khutba
ا

ت

ك

ب

نا
two books

با

ت

ك
one book

م
ي

ع

ن

نا
two eyes

م
ي

ع
one eye

ل

و

د

نا
two boys

د

ل

و
one boy
َن

ج

ت

نا
two gardens

ةَن

ج
one garden

ج

ر

ل

ن
two men

ل

ج

ر
one man

The نثم (dual) is formed in بصن and رج case by following the step
below:
(Same rule is applied to both masculine and feminine مسا).
Put a Fatha (

َ) on the last letter of the مسا and add (

ن
م
ي) at the
end of the مسا.
Examples:
نثم ى
dual
دحاو
singular
نثم ى
dual
دحاو
singular
رج / بصن عفر رج / بصن عفر

ا

ر
م
م

ا

ت

م
ي
two women

ة

ا

ر
م
م

ا
one woman

ل

ق

م

م
ي
two pens

م

ل

ق
one pen

ب
م
ط

خ

ت

م
ي
two Khutbas

ة

ب
م
ط

خ
one Khutba
ا

ت

ك

ب

م
ي
two books

با

ت

ك
one book

م
ي

ع

ن

م
ي
two eyes

م
ي

ع
one eye

ل

و

د
م
ي

ن
two boys

د

ل

و
one boy
َن

ج

ت

م
ي
two gardens

ةَن

ج
one garden

ج

ر

ل

م
ي
two men

ل

ج

ر
one man

Plural
Plurals are of two types:
1. لاس عج (Jam’ Salim) – sound plural.
2. ر
ّ
سكم عج (Jam’ Mukas-sar) – broken plural.
1. ملاس ركذم عمج - The masculine sound plural
The لاس عج - sound plural is one in which the singular form of
the word remains intact (sound) with some additions at the end.
The لاس ركذم عج - masculine sound plural is formed in عفر case by
following the step below:
Put a Dhamma (

َ) on the last letter of the مسا and add (

ن
م
و) at
the end of the مسا.
The لاس ركذم عج - masculine sound plural is mainly formed from
Examples:

ملاس ركذم عمج
sound plural
دحاو
singular
ملاس ركذم عمج
sound plural
دحاو
singular
عفر عفر

فا

ك

ن
م
و

ر
disbelievers

ر

فا

ك
disbeliever

ل
م
س

م ن
م
و

م
muslims

م

ل
م
س

م
muslim

فا

ن

م

ن
م
و

ق
hypocrites

ق

فا

ن

م
hypocrite

م
م
ؤ

م

ن
م
و

ن
believers

ن

م
م
ؤ

م
believer

سا

ف

ن
م
و

ق
disobedient

ق

سا

ف
disobedient

لا

ص

ن
م
و
pious

ح

لا

ص
pious

The لاس ركذم عج - masculine sound plural is formed in بصن and رج
case by following the step below:
Put a Kasra (

َ) on the last letter of the مسا and add (

ن
م
ي) at the
end of the مسا.
Examples:

ملاس ركذم عمج
sound plural
دحاو
singular
ملاس ركذم عمج
sound plural
دحاو
singular
رج/ بصن رج/ بصن

فا

ك

ن
م
ي

ر
disbelievers

ر

فا

ك
disbeliever

ل
م
س

م
م
ي

م
muslims

م

ل
م
س

م
muslim

فا

ن

م
م
ي

ق
hypocrites

ق

فا

ن

م
hypocrite

م
م
ؤ

م
م
ي

ن
believers

ن

م
م
ؤ

م
believer

سا

ف
م
ي

ق
disobedient

ق

سا

ف
disobedient

لا

ص
م
ي
pious

ح

لا

ص
pious

There are some مساs they are not adjectives but they are used as
لاس ركذم عج - The masculine sound plural.
Examples:
ملاس ركذم عمج
sound plural
ملاس ركذم عمج
sound plural
دحاو
singular
رج/ بصن عفر

لا

ع
م
ي

م
worlds

لا

ع

ن
م
و

م
worlds

لا

ع
world

م
ر

ا
م
ي

ض
earth

م
ر

ا

ن
م
و

ض
earth

ض
م
ر

ا
earth

م
ه

ا
م
ي

ل
families

م
ه

ا

ن
م
و

ل
families

ل
م
ه

ا
family

م
ش

ع

ن
م
ي

ر
twenty

م
ش

ع

ن
م
و

ر
twenty

ل

ث
م
ي

ث
thirty

ل

ث

ن
م
و

ث
thirty

م
س

ت
م
ي

ع
ninety

م
س

ت

ع

ن
م
و
ninety
till
ninety

2. عمج ثنؤم ملاس - The feminine sound plural

The لاس ثنؤم عج - feminine sound plural is formed in عفر case by
following the step below:
Remove (ة) from the feminine مسا and add (

تا) to the end
of the مسا.
The عج ثنؤم لاس - feminine sound plural is mainly formed from
Examples:

عمج ثنؤم ملاس
sound plural
دحاو
singular
عمج ثنؤم ملاس
sound plural
دحاو
singular
عفر عفر

فا

ك

ر

تا
disbelievers (f)

ر

فا

ك

ة
disbeliever (f)

ل
م
س

م

م

تا
Muslims (f)

م

ل
م
س

م

ة
Muslim (f)

فا

ن

م

ق

تا
hypocrites (f)

ق

فا

ن

م

ة
hypocrite (f)

م
م
ؤ

م

ن

تا
believers (f)

ن

م
م
ؤ

م

ة
believer (f)

سا

ف

ق

تا
disobedient (f)

ق

سا

ف

ة
disobedient (f)

لا

ص

تا
pious

لا

ص

ة
Pious (f)

The عج ثنؤم لاس - feminine sound plural is formed in بصن and رج
case by following the step below:
Remove (ة) from the feminine مسا and add (

تا) to the end of
the feminine مسا.
Examples:

There are some مساs they are not adjectives but they are used as
عج ثنؤم لاس - The feminine sound plural.
Examples:
عمج ثنؤم ملاس
sound plural
دحاو
singular
عمج ثنؤم ملاس
sound plural
دحاو
singular
رج/ بصن رج/ بصن

فا

ك

ر

تا
disbelievers (f)

ر

فا

ك

ة
disbeliever (f)

ل
م
س

م

م

تا
Muslims (f)

م

ل
م
س

م

ة
Muslim (f)

فا

ن

م

ق

تا
hypocrites (f)

ق

فا

ن

م

ة
hypocrite (f)

م
م
ؤ

م

ن

تا
believers (f)

ن

م
م
ؤ

م

ة
believer (f)

سا

ف

ق

تا
disobedient (f)

ق

سا

ف

ة
disobedient (f)

لا

ص

تا
pious (f)

لا

ص

ة
pious (f)
عمج ثنؤم ملاس
sound plural
دحاو
singular
عمج ثنؤم ملاس
sound plural
دحاو
singular
رج/ بصن عفر رج/ بصن عفر
م

س
م
و

ت م

س
م
و

ت

ءآ

س
sky
َن

ج

تا َن

ج

تا

ةَن

ج
garden

Full chart of adjective مساs regards to number.
رج بصن عفر

د

با

ع ا
ً
د

با

ع

د

با

ع دحاو
ركذم

ن
م
ي

د

با

ع

ن
م
ي

د

با

ع

نا

د

با

ع ىنثم

ن
م
ي

د

با

ع

ن
م
ي

د

با

ع

ن
م
و

د

با

ع عمج

ة

د

با

ع
ً
ة

د

با

ع

ة

د

با

ع دحاو
ثنؤم

م
ي

ت

د

با

ع

م
ي

ت

د

با

ع

نا

ت

د

با

ع ىنثم

تا

د

با

ع

تا

د

با

ع

تا

د

با

ع عمج