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807 and 1625 Valves

Vacuum Tubes 807 and 1625 are commonly used by hams as power amplifiers. Both
tubes are audio power amplifier beam tetrodes in the output stage of high power
amplifiers but they are suitable for high frequencies also. Both tubes are equal in their
characteristics except for base connection and filament voltage.

807 valve requires about 6.3 volts for filament at 0.9 amperes while 1625 requires 12
volts at 0.4 amperes. 807 requires 5 pin socket and 1625 needs 7 pin socket. Other details
are exactly same for both the vacuum tubes.

Typical voltages are given below

Anode - 600 to 700 volts

Screen - 250 volts
Anode Current - 100 ma
Screen Current - 6 ma
Grid Voltage - 45 for class C
- 35 for use as linear amplifier

For CW operation grid block keying is used. In the key up position a negative voltage
about 100 volts is applied to grid of PA, the anode current is cut off. When you apply -45
volts to grid the anode conducts and signals goes out. The key can also be connected to
the cathode but since there is a high voltage on cathode risk of getting shock is present
and also the heavy current may damage the key contacts.

For phone operation the grid voltage is made -35 volts so that it can be used to drive SSB
signals also. For getting a clean signal in the output the screen grid should be given a
stabilised voltage of 250 volts. The screen grid voltage can be stabilised by either using
voltage regulator tubes or zener diodes.

The plate current of the tube depends on the screen grid voltage. When the voltage is 250
volts the anode current is 100 ma. When the screen voltage is reduced to 125 volts the
anode current is also reduced to 50 ma. In screen modulation, the screen voltage is set to
125 volts and anode current to 50 ma. For modulation transformer we use an audio
transformer having 4 ohms primary and 5000 ohms secondary. Such a transformer is used
in old valve receivers using EL84 vacuum tube as power amplifier. The output from the
audio amplifier using TBA810 is connected to the 4 ohms winding of the modulation
transformer and the 5000 ohms winding is connected in series with the screen.
The gain of the audio amplifier is adjusted so that the peak audio voltage across the 5000
ohms winding is 125 volts. During the positive swing of the audio voltage, the voltage at
the screen will be 125 + 125 = 250 volts and the anode current will be 100 ma. During
the negative of the audio voltage, the screen voltage will be zero. Hence the anode
current will vary from zero to 100 ma. The average anode current will be 50 ma and the
transmitter output will be halved. This is the one disadvantage of screen modulation but
the main advantage of screen modulation is that audio power requirement is very less
compared to plate modulation.