MiniStation Series - FM Broadband Exciters

L×300 MlnlStatlon - 300v 8roadband lM Stereo L·clter
Technical Manual
Released
July - 2007
Sao Paulo
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WINTER07-SRFMNSTATION-230707A
Sinteck Next RF Systems - Rua dos Bolivianos 578 Vl Rio Branco Sao Paulo/SP BRASÌL
Further information and Sales, please contact cs@sinteck.com - www.sinteck.com
Introduction
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Estamos gratos peIa confiança em nós depositada ao
optar por um produto Sinteck.
MiniStation Series faz parte da estratégia Sinteck de chegar cada vez mais perto das
necessidades, anseios e expectativas de nossos clientes. Surpreender, inovar,
adicionar novos recursos de design, requinte, tecnologia e confiabilidade são
propósitos que permeiam cada etapa do desenvolvimento de um novo produto.
Concebido a partir destes critérios, MiniStation Series conjuga qualidade e segurança,
com excelentes indices de durabilidade, desempenho e economia. É a vitória de um
projeto desenvolvido no Brasil para extremas condições de temperatura, tensão de
alimentação e padrões brasileiros e inteiramente compativel com as exigencias de
nossos usuários internacionais.
Está em suas mãos um produto confiável, testado e aprovado pelos mais rigorosos
usuários, um produto simples de usar e sofisticado em tecnologia.
Gracias por Ia confianza depositada en nosotros por
haber eIegido un producto Sinteck.
MiniStation Series surge a partir de la estrategia Sinteck en llegar cada vez más
cerca de las necesidades, anhelos y expectativas de nuestros clientes.
Sorprender, innovar, introducir continuas mejorias en el diseño, perfección,
tecnología y confiabilidad son algunos de nuestros propósitos que permedian
cada etapa de la evolución y desarrollo de un nuevo producto.
En base a estos criterios, MiniStation Series combina calidad y seguridad, con
excelentes índices de durabilidad, desempeño y economía. Es el logro de un
proyecto desarrollado en Brasil que responde a elevadas temperaturas
climatológicas, tensión de alimentación y padrones brasileños completamente
compatibles con las exigencias de nuestros usuarios internacionales.
Tiene en sus manos un producto confiable. Testado y aprobado por los más
rigurosos usuarios, un producto simple de utilizar y sofisticado en tecnología.
Thank you for putting your trust in us by choosing a
Sinteck product.
This MiniStation Series equipment is growing as part of the Sinteck strategy is
responding to the needs of today, as requested and expected by our clients. By
introducing innovating and reliable designs, we can build up a trusting
relationship with our customers.
At the forefront of this criteria, Sinteck's MiniStation Series combines both quality
and security, with excellent qualities of durability, design and economics. This
equipment is the result of a project developed in Brazil that responds to withstand
extreme summer temperatures in our local market and compatible with the need
of our international users.
You have a product at hand that is reliable, tested and proved by the most
demanding users, a product that is simple to use and highly technically
advanced.
NOTIFICATION OF INTENDED PURPOSE AND LIMITATIONS OF PRODUCT
USE
This product is a FM transmitter intended for FM audio broadcasting. Ìt utilises
operating frequencies not hormonised in the intended countries of use.
The user must obtain a license before using the product in intended country of use.
Ensure respective country licensing requirements are complied with.
Limitations of use can apply in respect of operating frequency, transmitter power
and/or channel spacing.
ATTENTÌON! SÌNTECK NEXT DOESN'T TAKE THE RESPONSÌBÌLÌTY OF
UNAUTHORÌZED USES OF THÌS KÌND OF EQUÌPMENT. THE USER HAS ALL
RESPONSÌBÌLÌTYFOROPERATÌNG ANDUSE.
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
Sinteck Next, declares that this FM transmitter is in compliance with the essential
requirements of ANATEL (Brazil), CONATEL (Venezuela), CNC (Argentina),
SUBTEL(Chile), FCC(USA) and CCÌR(Europe).
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Introduction
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Preliminary Instructions
This manual is written as a general guide for those having previous knowledge and
experience with this kind of equipment, well conscious of the risks connected with the
operation of electrical equipment.
Ìt is not intended to contain a complete statement of all safety rules which should be
observed by personnel in using this or other electronic equipment.
The installation, use and maintenance of this equipment envolve risks both for the
personnel performing them and for the device itself, that shall be used only by trained
personnel.
Sinteck Next doesn't assume responsibility for injury or damage resulting from improper
procedures or practices by untrained personnel in this handling of this unit.
Please, observe all local codes and fire protection standards in the operations of this unit.
Warning: aIways disconnect power before opening covers or removing any part of
this unit.
Use appropriate grounding procedures to short out capacitors and high voItage
points before servicing.
Warning: this device can irradiate radio frequency waves, and it's not instaIIed
foIIowing the instructions contained in the manuaI and IocaI reguIations it couId
generate interferences in radio communications.
This is a "CIass A" equiment. In the residentiaI pIace this equipment can cause
hash. In this case can be requested to user to take the necessary measures.
Sinteck Next reserves to the right to modify the design and/or the technical specifications
of the product and this manual without notice.
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Warranty
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All products made by Sinteck Next has 2 years limited warranty.
Sinteck Next extends to the original end-user purchaser all manufacturers warranty which are
transferrable and all claims are to be made directly to Sinteck per indicated procedures.
The limited warranty not includes:
1) Re-shipment of the unit to Sinteck Next for repair purposes,
2) Any unauthorized repair/modification,
3) Ìncidental/consequential damages as a result of any defect,
4) Nominal non-incidental defects,
5) Re-shipment costs or insurance of the unit or replacement units/parts.
Any damage to the goods must be reported to the carrier in writing on the shipment receipt.
Any discrepancy or damage discovered subsequent to delivery, shall be reported to Sinteck Next
within 5 (five) days from delivery date.
To claim your rights covered by this limited warranty, you must followthese procedures:
1) Contact the dealer or distributor where you purchased the unit. Describe the problem and, as
soon as possible easy solution can be taken.
Dealers and distributors are supplied with all information about problems that may occur and
usually they can repair the unit quickly. Almost all errors when installing the devide are detected
by the dealers and distributors.
2) Ìf your dealer is not able to assist you, contact Sinteck Next and report the problem. Ìf it is
decided to return the unit to the factory, Sinteck Next will mail you a regular authorization with all
the necessary instructions to send back the goods. Ìn some cases the device must be re-shipped
back to the Sinteck Labs - Then, contact Sinteck Next and request an authorization number.
3) When you receive the authorization, you can send back the unit. Pack it carrefully for the
shipment, preferably using the original wood box and seal the package perfectly. The customer
always assumes the risks of loss (remember: Sinteck Next is never responsible for damage or
loss), until the package reaches Sinteck Labs. For this reason, we suggest you to insure the
goods for the whole value. Shipment must be effected in the prepaid form to the address specified
by Sinteck's service manager on the authorization.
ÌNANYCASE, DO NOTSENDBACKUNÌTSWÌTHOUTOURAUTHORÌZATÌONASTHEYWÌLL
BEREFUSED.
4) Make sure to enclose a written technical report where mention all the problems found and a
copy of your original invoice establishing the starting date of the warranty.
Replacement and warranty parts may be ordered from the following address. Make sure to
include the equipment model and serial number as well as part description and part number.
ÌNEUROPE: ÌN AMERÌCAS:
Sinteck Sistemas Electrónicos SLL Sinteck Sistemas Eletronicos ltda.
Calle Sotavento 3-13 Rua Dos Bolivianos 578
El Perellonet Vila Rio Branco - Sao Paulo/SP
Valencia - España BRASÌL
46012 CEP03873-100
Telf. +55 11 6143 8640
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System Characteristics
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MiniStation Series: PowerfuI FM Exciters/Transmitters, ReIiabIe,
ExceIIent Audio QuaIity CD, Stereo and SingIe Band Audio Processor
Card AvaiIabIe.
The EX300 MiniStation is a complete FM Exciter/Transmitter. You can
choose the frequency through the buttons located on the equipment front
panel. Frequencies between 87,5 to 108,1MHz can be set by the user in
100kHz steps. The equipment is totally BROADBAND, this means, the RF
power level stays the same independently of operation frequency.
The excellent audio quality is due to its hi-quality FM VCO, modulating
through eight varicap diodes.
The EX300 has variable power output from 5Wto 300W, this is important if
you drive an external power amplifier (like High-power PowerCell combined
series), this way, if your amplifier need about 250Wto input this FM exciter
is the most indicated.
Suitable for applications like FM exciter, the EX300 can also be used as
stand alone transmitter.
The EX300 MiniStation has a stereo generator built-in, only connecting the
audio cable from the mixer the FM station is on the air. Also, you can
configurate if your transmittion is in MONO or STEREO mode - externally -
just pressing the buttons on the front panel, and it's done.
All MiniStation series have an optional card called "Single Band Audio
Processor - APCard-1¨ you can turn your MiniStation into even more
powerful version. This card processes the audio from the mixer in a
limited/compressed audio level, avoiding distortions on the audio
modulation.
Also, if you have an external audio processor, the EX300 MiniStation has an
option in its panel: you can configurate the main audio input, if it is stereo
generated internally to EX300 or externally, from the processor. To do this,
you just need to press the buttons UP/DOWNand SELECT.
RDS encoders may be connected in the EX300 MiniStation, there are 2
inputs for these encoders: SCAinput and 19KHz tone sync output.
The EX300 is available in American, European and also Japanese bands
only pressing the overset of the equipment.
On the LCD display, parameters like operation frequency, FWD and
Reverse power, Composite audio level, Left and Right audio level, selection
of internal or external MPX, Stereo or Mono operating and others are
shown. We present an easy to use interface in this exciter, easy to configure
and operate.
The AC input is 220V (110V also available) "Step-Down¨ switched mode
power supply, faciliting the main connections around the world, 47 to 63Hz.
The EX300 is a complete solution, offering superior audio performance and
quality.

* 300W FN Exciterf Transmitter
* Broadband 87,S-108,1NHz
* Nore punch, Hi-Fi vCO
* Stereo generator included
* 220v Step-Down regulator
* Audio processor Card
* RS232 !nterface
* Remotef!nterlock interface
* SCA and RDS inputs
* NOSFET DES!GN
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Technical Features
Output Power: 320W +f- S¾ variation across the band
RF Output !mpedance: S0 Ohms
RF Output Connector: N Female
Frequency Range: 76,0 to 98NHz and 87,S to 108,1NHz
Frequency Step: Default 100KHz, selectable for 200kHz or others under request
Frequency Programmability: UPfDOWN Keys, safety hold programmable on the front panel
Frequency Stability: S ppm, 2 or 1 ppm under request
Type of Nodulation: F3, FN direct modulation (RF oscillator directly on the frequency)
Harmonic and Spurious Attenuation: >80dBc
Residual AN modulation (Assyncr.) Approximately 0,0S¾ (SSdB)
Approximately 0,1¾ (6SdB) Residual AN modulation (Syncr.)
<0,0S¾ @ 1kHz !ntermodulation Distortion:
20Hz to 200kHz Frequency Response Capability:
RF Features:
Power Supply:
220v +7-63Hz +f- 20¾ variation AC !nput:
Not available in this version DC !nput:
3 varistor 28Sv, gas discharger and fuse AC Surge Protection:
90¾ or better in 220v AC Power Supply Efficiency:
100kHz Switching Frequency:
Approximately +00W from AC Power Consumption:
!EC socket connector AC !nput Connector:
General Features:
12,Skgs net weight Weight:
+83mm (6") wide, 88,90mm (2 RU) high, 3SSmm (1+") deep Dimensions:
0 to ++S Degrees Celsius Ambient Temperature Range:
9S¾ at ++SC without condensation Naximum Humidity:
CPU and Display Features:
P!C Processor, microcontrolled with Sinteck Ex300 Software v.1.0 CPU:
Non-volatile, retention >+0 years Nemory:
PLL out of lock, vSWR excedeed Full Nicro-controlled protections:
UPfDOWN freq. St or Nono, !nt or Ext NPX, Config Hold Panel Keys Control:
16 colums, 2 lines, green back light LCD Display:
Audio Inputs Left&Right:
XLR Female !nput Connectors:
S0 or 7Sus stereo pre-emphasis !nternal Jumper selection for:
600 Ohms umbalanced !nput !mpedance:
20Hz to 1SkHz (THD+N < 0,1¾) Frequency Response:
0dB for 7SKHz carrier deviation !nput Level:
Better than +SdB @ 1kHz Stereo Separation:
19kHz +f- 1Hz Pilot Tone FrequencyfStability:
MPX Input:
10k Ohms Unbalanced BNC Connector !nput !mpedance:
20Hz to 200KHz +f- 1dB for 7SkHz deviation Frequency Response:
*Specification subject to change without notice
SCA Input:
10k Ohms Unbalanced BNC Connector !nput !mpedance:
1SkHz to 200KHz +f- 1dB for 7SkHz deviation Frequency Response:
RDS Tone Sync Output:
10k Ohms Unbalanced BNC Connector Output !mpedance:
Fixed 1vpp 19kHz sync frequency level:
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Technical Features {cont.)
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RF Power Output:
40W
80W
120W
160W
200W
240W
280W
320W
360W
0W
88,1 90,1 89,1 91,1 92,1 93,1 94,1 95,1 96,1 97,1 98,1 99,1 100,1 101,1 103,1 102,1 104,1 105,1 106,1 108,1 107,1
IMPORTANT SAFETYCONSIDERATIONSABOUT THISDEVICE
Ìn addition to establishing a new industry standard for performance, the MiniStation Series incorporates many
new and innovative features to aid in the installation, operation and maintenance of a system. Some of the new
features are:
* Hi-Fi FM VCO with lownoise figure, more punch and more brilliance are possible.
* FWDand REF RF level reading meter.
* Decade logarithmic true signal audio level meter
* Channel marker and easy channel change across FM band.
* Ìmportant status functions implemented with LEDindicators
* Designed to have a minimum of adjustments for trouble-free operation. Very easy to use.
* Modular construction that provides excellent shielding and at the same time allows easy access to components.
* Frequency agile, selectable from 87,5 to 108,1MHz in 100kHz steps, directly on the front panel.
It is recommended that the manual be studied at least through Section 5 before attempting to install the
system.
SAFETY
Mains VoItage
This equipment operates from an AC power source of 220V 47 to 63Hz, it is also possible to deliver equipments
with 110V option. There are hazardous voltages present internally. PLEASE OBSERVE CAUTÌON WÌTH THE
COVERREMOVED.
Swithed Mode Power SuppIy Hazard
Please note that the power supply units in this equipment is of the switched mode variety and have lethal voltages
present internally. The switched mode supplies are universal input fully approved type. They are non serviceable
modules and should be fully replaced should they fail.
Fuses
Only use fuses with the specified voltage and current ratings as stated on the back panel or pcboard. Failure to do
so may increase the risk of equipment failure, shock and fire hazard.
Radio Frequency
The Ntype RF power output socket contains RF voltages which may burn or present a shock. Please make sure
that the equipment is connected to an adequately rated load or antenna system while in operation.
Toxic Hazard
This equipment includes RF components that may contain Beryllium Oxide which is a highly toxic substance that
could be hazardous to health if inhaled or ingested. Care should be taken when replacing or discarding such
devices. Seek expert advice from the manufacturer should you physically damage a device that contains
Beryllium Oxide.
The main RF output power device contains Beryllium Oxide.
Other Safety Considerations
Do not operate this equipment in the presence of flammable gases, fumes or liquids
Do not expose this equipment to rain or water.
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System Features
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Front Panel
1 2 3
4 5 6 7
1 - ON/OFF Power Switch
2 - Status Leds:
ON Power
RF-ON RF output stage working
PLL locked
Fail operating
3 - Liquid Chrystal Display (LCD)
4 - DOWN key
5 - UP key
6 - ENTER key
7 - SELECT key

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Rear Panel
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13
1 - SCA input (BNC connector) with level adjust
2 - MPX input (BNC connector) with level adjust
3 - RDS 19kHz tony sinchronism output (BNC connector)
4 - Left input (XLR balanced connector) and Mono input
5 - Right input (XLR balanced connnector)
6 - 80x80mm Sanyo Denki Ventilator
7 - 80x80mm Sanyo Denki Ventilator
8 - RS232 interface (DB-9 Male connector)
9 - ÌEC Socket (AC input)
10 - RF output (N Male connector)
11 - RF Test -40dB (BNC connector) for spectrum analyzer and frequency meters
12 - Remote/Ìnterlock input/output (BNC connector)
13 - RF level adjust (multi-turn trimmer)
FANs
EN SEL
Liquid Chrystal Display
5ì`ìc.´
´i¯i5IaIiO¯ ON RF-ON PLL Fail
Audio Processor
CARD
(Optional)
Switch Mode
REGULATOR
Protection
digital switch
Main AC to DC converter
(TOROÌDAL TRANSFORMER +
SWÌTCHED REGULATORS)
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Block Diagram
15kHz 3dB
FÌLTER
INTRODUCTION
The MiniStation Series from Sinteck Next is a high specification FM broadcast transmitter/exciter. Ìts broadband
"no-tune¨ design allows 87,5 up to 108,1MHz operation from UP/DOWN touch keys located directly in the front
panel of the unit. The MiniStation Series possesses a LCD green back light display to show the frequency of
operation, between others functions of the equipment. Switched mode regulator for DC adjust techniques
provide an easily adjustable and accurate automatic level controlled RF output of the MOSFET power amplifier
stage.
RF (Forwarded and Reverse power), Audio levels (Left and Right channels, MPX composite), voltage and
current, temperature and other parameter are shown on the front panel on the LCD display. These LCD offers a
very easy method of transmitter parameter monitoring and a new level of ease for setup and installation, with
metering accuracy normally only found on expensive test equipment.
The FM modulator section employs a high quality VCO block, for extremely low audio distortion and excellent
stereo performance.
A built-in high specification stereo encoder provides crystal clear stereo sound and combined with the internal
limiter a fully compliant "plug-and-play¨ all in one lowpower broadcast transmitter, or when used like FM exciter.
For future compatibility all settings are switchable directly on the front panel. The stereo and/or CDlimiter settings
can be switched in and out to suit the requirements of any external broadcast equipment you may have nowand
in the future.
The EX60, EX150 and EX300 have as ACto DCconverter a "Toroidal transformer¨ with high efficiency and step-
down switched mode regulator for the RF ouput stage.
The EX15 and EX30 have lightweight universal mains input design ensures a high reliability efficient design
compatabile with any mains system in the world.
RF output:
The EX300 uses a Philips device MOSFETin the RF output section, the BLF278 is a RF MOSFETtransistor that
assures high efficiency, lowcost and easy to find on the electronic components market.
Power suppIy system:
Ìn the EX15 and EX30 the power supply system is a switching power supply, that offer high efficiency, low cost,
lowweight and allows the conecting of 85-265VACand 47-63Hz frequency.
Ìn the EX60, EX150 and EX300 the power supply system is made by a Toroidal transformer with high efficiency,
and all regulators are not linear as usual, they are switched mode "step-down¨ regulators. The AC input is
available in 110Vonly request, 220Vstandard.
Audio inputs:
Ìn the MiniStation Series we can find XLR balanced connectors to the Right/Left signals and 1 MPX input (BNC
connector) 1 SCAinput (BNCconnector) and 1 19kHz RDSRadio Data System sync output (BNCconnector).
Front paneI keys:
Soft touch keys are find in the unit, stereo or mono selection, UP/DOWN frequency change, internal MPX or
external MPX, metering of FWDor REF RF level selection.
Also, it is possible to disable the RF output through these keys.
Sinteck Next state-of-the-art termination:
The unit has an eye-catching visual, blue and golden colors on the front panel, niquel-chromium cabinet for good
grounding makes the MiniStation Series a very beautiful equipment.
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Why MiniStation Series?
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Internal Overview, wiring and cable
1 2 3
4 5 6 7
1 - Toroidal Transformer
2 - Step-down (BUK) Switched Regulator
3 - Main Board (PLL+Stereo Generator + Microcontroller)
4 - Auxiliar Power Supply
5 - Surge Protection Board
6 - Directional Coupler Cavity
7 - RF Driver and RF Power Stage
8 - RF Low Pass Filter
8
EX300 MiniStation - Stereo/Mono/MPX/SCA/RDStransmitter/exciter
The EX300 MiniStation is a high fidelity broadband FM transmitter with a power output of 320 Watts. Ìt is capable of
transmitting the program signal and two multiplex subcarriers with little degradation of signal quality over one
transmitter/exciter. The linearity and FM noise characteristics of the direct FM oscillator are exceptional. The
transmitter is modular in construction and operation, and the system description given below follows the signal flow
through the varios modules and its sections.
The system assembly drawings are located in Section 'Schematics" along with the module schematics and
system schematics are at the end of this manual.
Fm Synthesizer
The baseband signal from the audio inputs modulates the frequency modulated oscillator (FMOSC) in the VCO Block.
The FMOSC consists of a 80-110MHz ultralinear, very low noise VCO which is phase locked to a crystal-controlled
reference oscillator. The phase lock loop contains the frequency programming mode which allowthe synthesizer to be
changed in frequency steps of 100kHz (standard) 50kHz or 200kHz in some models. The RF signal will deviate +-
75kHz (composite) or +-50kHz (mono) from the carrier. The output power of the VCO is approximatelly 5 milliwatt.
RF 100mWampIifier
Ìn to the VCO block, there is a smaller RF amplifier section, that amplifiers 5mWfrom the VCO output to 100mWthrough
of 2 RF transistors (MMBF-J310 and BFG520) .
RF 700mWampIifier
The RF amplifier module consists of a one-stage BÌPOLARlownoise transistor design, which amplifies the input signal
(100mWtyp.) to the nominal 700mWdriver output. The output is filtered to attenuate all higher order harmonics to a
level of at least -60dBc.
RF 8Wdriver ampIifier
The RF signal provenient from the 700mW stage is now amplified by a STATE-OF-THE-ART MOSFET from
MÌTSUBÌSHÌ, called RD06HVF1 - This device is developed to assist a broadband "no tune¨ circuit. The frequency
operation in the equipment can be changed into 88-108MHz keeping the same output RF power. The RD06HVF1
possesses a high gain, high efficiency and ultra linearity for this device.
RF 320WfinaI ampIifier
The 350Wpallet amplifier of EX300 MiniStation is matched by impedance. The 5Wfrom RD06HVF1 is now amplified
by BLF278 Philips device. The transistor has almost 20dB gain in the FM band. Circuits matched by impedance have
"no tune¨ operation, this means the RF power level stays same independly of frequency operation. The RF level ajust
circuitry operates through this section. When the equipment is set to 5Wthere is only about 7V on MOSFET, while the
equipment set to the maximum power will be about 42V. The final stage is totally protected against fails by the
equipment microcontroller: voltage, current, temperature and high VSWR level are monitored and if any dangerous
level is detected the processor will shut-down the RF stage, protecting the RF transistor.
RF Low Pass FiIter

The RF lowpass filter is located at the output of the BLF278 pallet and it is made with 5 cells filtering the RF signal. The
harmonics are attenued on -80dBc (typ. 85dBc). The RF output is sampled via a dual directional coupler with detectors
that provide an indication of the forward and reflected power of the RF amplifier.
Transmitter ControI
The Transmitter Control section of the audio and power supply board has several functions. One of these is to sense the
PLL LOCK detect signal from the RF module. Ìf this module goes out of lock, then the radiate control logic circuit
provides a signal to the power supply to turn off the +Vcontrol supply to the RF power module, causing the transmitter to
stop radiating. Also, this section detects if the VSWRlevel is more than permised, so the transmitter control turn off the
DClevel to the RF power module. All of these parameters can be viewthrough the LCDDisplay on the front panel.
Metering and Status
The Metering and Status circuitry on the Audio, Power Supply, Temperature and RF sections conditions the various
system parameter samples for accurate meter indications, and drives the status LEDs on the front panel.
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Start Guide for use
Power SuppIy (AC)
The toroidal transformer converts the AC voltage (220V standard or 110V special version) into two voltages level: 20V
and 58V, that will be regulated and filtered voltages: +28Vand +70V.
Ìn the main PC board of the EX300 MiniStation, exist others DC regulators that supplies the voltages required for the
operation of the transmitter. The outputs are: +5V(main processor and displays) +12,5Vto the fans and +10Vto the RF
drivers transistors.
DCto DCPower Converter - Step-down Switched ReguIator
To supply the RF output stage and adjust its level, a Step-down regulator was developed. The DC voltage into the
output of this regulator is adjusted through the Multi-turn trimmer, located in the rear panel of the EX300. This voltage
can variate from 4V up to 44,0VDC that supplies the BLF278 RF transistor. This way, if the user need to adjust the RF
level, he is adjusting the DC level in the RF MOSFET (all RF levels between 5 and 320W can be adjusted, like for
example 155W).
AP01 Audio Processor Card - Hi-Fi compressor/Iimiter
The MiniStation Series has an excellent compressor/limiter Card optional, which can be adquired installed or not in the
transmitter. This compressor is a single audio processor widel-band, that processes all frequencies of the audio signal,
always maintaining high the dynamics of the transmission. This processor can be enabled or disabled by the main
processor, just pressing the buttons on the front panel. The audio processed is limited and it won't produce over-
modulation in the transmitter, in addition the sound quality will be exceptional.
Stereo Generator Section
The Stereo Generator Sectiond consists in a switched stereo generator of excellent audio separation. Also, the user
can choose if the transmittion will be in stereo or mono. The parameters of this section can be viewed on the LCD, when
the equipment is showing the frequency of operation (for example, 106, 6MHz "St¨).
15kHz Low-pass FiIter Section
The 15kHz filter section is indicated for who needs to transmit programming that the audio frequency does't pass of
15kHz. Ìt was most important to place this section when the stereo generator is enabled, because the high frequencies
is not important to transmit in this case.

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This chapter contains necessary instructions for the instaIIation and use of the equipment. In case some
aspects are not totaIIy cIear, for instance when a user is using this equipment for the first time, we advise the
new user to read carefully the entire description contained in this manual.
Preparation
Unpack the EX300 MiniStation and check, before making any operation, that the unit has not suffered from any
mishandling during the transport. Ìn particular check that all the connectors are in perfect conditions.
Check that the supply voltage value coincides with the ACvoltage available.
The input supply field is of:
EX300 MiniStation: ACmain 220V+/- 20%
Check that the power switch of the equipment is in the position "OFF¨.
The EX300 has just one power switch, located in the front panel, this switch is responsible to connect the AC power
from the ACsocket.
Connect the RF output of the EX300 to the antenna cable or to a dummy load adapted for the working frequency and the
power output used.
Connect the power cable to the corresponding VDEsocket.
REMARK: it is essential that the AC network has an accurrate grounding system order to ensure both the safety of the
users and the correct functioning of the unit.
BATTERYOPERATÌON: Ìf the user intends to use external batteries the EX300 doesn't have the inputs, the user may to
call the Sinteck Engineering Staff to buy an external interface for this case.
Connect the audio cables of your own audio signal to the apropriate connectors located at the back of the EX300 unit.
Using
Switch on the EX300 by putting the power switch on the position "ON'.
The following message must be viewed:
L×300 MlnlStatlon - 300v 8roadband lM Stereo L·clter
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Turning on
the POWER
5ì`ìc.´
´i¯i5IaIiO¯¬.33.
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The unit is equipped with a LCDdisplay with 2 lines on which several menus are shown. Ageneral
viewof the menus of the unit are shown in the illustration.
On the center of the display, depending on the case, the following symbol will be shown:
¬
The parameter indicated can be modified in the menu FREQUENCY, ÌNTERNAL OR
EXTERNAL MPX SELECTÌON, STEREO OR MONO OPERATÌON, RF ON/OFF, AUDÌO
PROCESSORCARDSETANDCONFÌG HOLD.
When the unit is switched on, the LCD display shows the predefined view, with the graphical
representation of the frequency set and follows the sequencies explainned in the next pages.
5ì`ìc.´
´i¯i5IaIiO¯¬.33.
After this message, the EX300 will check the status, the following message will be shown:
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
·..-
The PLL will lock in a few miliseconds and the message "locked¨ will appear:
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
·..-.O¯-÷d .´
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Now, the equipment will check the input REMOTE/ÌNTERLOCK, if it is ok, the message will
be:
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬c´´c`ì- .aiIi¯9
The REMOTE/ÌNTERLOCK input is located in the rear panel of the EX300. This resource is
suitable as remote control from external devices. Ìf this input is short circuited to ground, the
equipment is in stand-by, waiting for the instruction to go ahead. The message "waiting¨ will be
shown:
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬c´´c`ì- .´
The following "status checking¨ will be about the CARD "audio processor¨. The equipment will
find if this card is installed or not, the message will be:
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬·-¯OI i¯sIaìì÷d
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5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬·- i¯sIaìì÷d
Ìf the processor CARD is installed, the equipment will detect automatically, the message now
will be:
Audio Processor Card
Ìf your equipment has not this CARD installed, you can connect the CARD without technical
knowleage. This manual explain detailed how is this CARD installed. See the section "Advanced
Ìnformation Setups¨.
The equipment nowwill start the RF power section, slowly, through the "Soft-Start¨ as follow:
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬¯ ·O.÷¯- .`
Note the "Status Leds¨ to the left of LCD display will show now the ON power, RF-on and PLL
turned on.
Ìn this moment, the equipment will be increasing the voltage in the RF stage, slowly, until the last
power set (once turned at first time, the equipment has not any RF power on the output because
the RF stage is disabled through the processor, for turn on, followthe steps explainned in the next
pages). Nowthe LCDwill be showing:
´´5OII¬5Ia¯I..
¯¯¯¯¯¯
¯´ ¯¬c..c`.´ -
i3.-5 ´¬. sI
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Now, if the antenna or dummy load is correctly connected, the equipment will show the following
message:
Ìn the case the antenna is not connected or present problems, the equipment will shut-down the
RF stage and the following message will appear:
´´5.¬ ¬`ìc``¬..
¯¬ì.c.
Also note the REDled, located on the front panel, which indicates fail will be turned on:
´´5.¬ ¬`ìc``¬..
¬¯ ·O.÷¯- .¯¯
¯´ ¯¬c..c`.´ -
i3.-5 ´¬. sI
After checked the antenna or dummy load and resolved the problem, the equipment will turn on
the RF stage and the frequency will appear again:
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FREQUENCY CHANGING
To change the frequency on the EX300, firstly is necessary to press the button "ENT¨ on the
front panel, like shows the next figure:
¯´ ¯¬c..c`.´ -
i3.-5 ´¬. sI
Note the frequency wrote on the LCDwill start brinking, saying
that this moment you can change it:
¯´ ¯¬c..c`.´ -
i3.-5 ´¬. sI
Now, you can select what frequency you want, from 87.5 to 108.1 pressing the buttons "UP¨ or
"DOWN¨:
¯´ ¯¬c..c`.´ -
¬3-¬ ´¬. sI
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You selected the new frequency. Now, to confirm it, press "ENT¨ again and the new frequency
will be saved:
¯´ ¯¬c..c`.´ -
¬3-¬ ´¬. sI
Note the frequency wrote on the LCDwill stop brinking, saying
that this new frequency selected was saved and the
equipment is transmitting on.
DIGITAL"THRUERMS" WATTMETER
The MiniStation Series possesses a digital wattmeter built-in. Ìf you open the equipment, at the
RF output connector there is a mechanical cavity made in aluminium which is the RF sensor,
measuring the RF level. This RF level is converted to a DC voltage and the main processor of
MiniStation will convert in Watts RMS. Pressing the button "SEL¨ the following menu will be
shown, this is the wattmeter indicating Forwarded power and Reverse power, as illustrate this
picture:
¯.d ·O.÷¯- ..Ò.
¬Iì ·O.÷¯- iÒ.
The MiniStation Series have not digital RF output power adjust like
"PowerCell Series¨ so if you want to modify the RF level, you must
have a screwdriver like shown next figure to turn the trimpot located
on the rear panel of the equipment.
Mini Screwdriver
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Turning to left the trimmer the RF power level will decrease to 5W(minimum power) and turning it
to right the power level will increase to the maximum power (see the following chart). The
illustration shows where is located the trimmer:
Note when you are turning this trimmer, the RF Wattmeter of EX300 will show the Forwarded
power that is going to the antenna:
¯.d ·O.÷¯- i3Ò.
¬Iì ·O.÷¯- 3Ò.
¯.d ·O.÷¯- ·Ò.
¬Iì ·O.÷¯- 3Ò.
¯.d ·O.÷¯- 2Ò.
¬Iì ·O.÷¯- 3.
VOLTAGE, CURRENT ANDTEMPERATURESHOWING
Pressing "SEL¨ the next menu will be the internal multmeter of EX300. There, level of Voltage (in
Volts) and Current (in Ampères) will be shown. This level corresponds to the voltage and current in
the RF final stage. Also, the internal temperature, present on the heatsink will be measured in
Celsius degrees. The following illustration shows howit is viewed:
´-a-¬2-.´ ´ì÷¬-.
ì-a- ¬-·¬ ..-¬'.
ÌMPORTANT REMARK: Note even you set the RF power level
through the multi-turn trimmer, Voltage and Current are also
modified, remember the RF output stage is only set by variating the
voltage on the final RF transistor.
STEREO/MONO ANDMPXSELECTIONANDUSES
Firstly, it will be explained how to transmit in stereo operation. For this, it is necessary to connect
any audio source thought the XLRconnectors, if possible, an audio signal from a CDplayer or any
signal generator. The connections must be like shown in the figure:
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Connect to XLR connectors L&R
CD Player XLR Cable
After connected the audio source, the bargraph indicator that indicates "Modulation level¨ is now
operating, like showthe illustration:
¬.diO ´Od.ìaIO¯-
´¬
COMPOSITEAUDIO METER
This bargraph is a composite audio meter, the measure corresponds to the carrier deviation.
When each led is turned on, it wants to say that 10kHz of the carrier is deviated. This way, all leds
turned on, 110kHz of carrier is deviated. The EX300 has an audio processor CARD optional,
composed by a high quality limiter and compressor, so the limit of 75-90% will be never
surpassed. When the equipment is set to MPXoperation, the user must to observe these limits.
Note that is often recommended the user modules up to 75%, above this interferences could be
happen in another channels or radio stations.
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COMPOSITEAUDIO METER: IF THEAUDIO PROCESSORCARDISNOT INSTALLED:
Ìf the audio processor CARD is not installed, the transmitter will module the carrier acording the
audio level that is incoming. This way, if this audio has not a controlled level from a
compressor/limiter, it is possible that will be overmodulation.
The EX300 supports the deviation of 100kHz without any kind of distortion. "MAX¨ in the LCD
corresponds to 110% of modulation, 110kHz of deviation. Ìn some case, is possible to transmit
110% of modulation, but note that in others channels must not have any other users. The "CLP¨
corresponds to "CLÌPPER¨.
REMARK: NEVER let the transmitter modules more than "MAX¨ in any case, overmodulation
causes interferences in other radiostations and decrease the covering area of your FM station.
COMPOSITEAUDIO METER: IF THEAUDIO PROCESSORCARDISINSTALLED:
Ìf the audio processor CARDis installed, the transmitter will module the carrier acording the audio
level that is incoming from the CARD. This way, the audio now is controlled, not overmodulating
the FMOSCof the EX300.
¬.diO ´Od.ìaIO¯-
´¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
¬.diO ´Od.ìaIO¯-
´¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯´¬`
¬.diO ´Od.ìaIO¯-
´¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯..·
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CHANNELSLEFT&RIGHT MENU
ATTENTÌON: This menu only will work when set
the "MPX SELECTÌON¨ menu for "ÌNT¨ this
means "internal¨ - the stereo is being generated
internally to EX300. (See this menu in the next
pages).
The input levels of the left and right channels
are represented by vertical bars as indicated in
the following illustration.
´-× 5÷ì÷¯IiO¯-
¬ì¯I. c×I.
The level is measured in percents when 100% corresponds to a deviation of 100kHz of carrier.
.¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
¬¬¯¯¯¯¯
The EX300 supports the deviation of 100kHz without any kind of distortion. "MAX¨ in the LCD
corresponds to 110% of modulation, 110kHz of deviation. Ìn some case, is possible to transmit
110% of modulation, but note that in others channels must not have any other users. The "CLP¨
corresponds to "CLÌPPER¨.
REMARK: NEVERlet the transmitter modules more than "MAX¨ in any case.
.¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯´¬`
¬¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯´¬`
.¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯..·
¬¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯..·
When installed the AUDÌO PROCESSOR CARD the maximum modulation will be 75%. Ìf this
card is disabled, then the modulation level can pass of this limit like shows the illustration.
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬·- ì¯sIaìì÷d
.¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
¬¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯
MAX
level
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REFLECTEDLEVELPROTECTIONMENU
The EX300 is protected against high levels of VSWR. When you buy the equipment from factory,
the level maximum of VSWR default is 10% of total power, this means, 30W. When you connect
the equipment to the dummy load (if this dummy load is 50 Ohms) you will note the RFL shown in
the LCDis 0W, it is normal. When connected in an antenna, it can be the antenna is ok or not and
this level will be same as 0W or more if the antenna present problems. Ìf this level of VSWR is
more than 30W(default position set) the EX300 will shut-down the RF stage and a message in the
LCDwill showproblems on the antenna. You can manage this VSWRlevel actuating in this menu
"Reflected Level Protection¨ up to 50W. Ìf you set to 50Wfor example, the RF stage will be open to
this limit and the EX300 will permisse to work up this, as shown in the illustration:
¬Iì ·¯OI÷¯IiO¯ -
´a× .÷.÷ì - .3 .
Pressing the button "ENT¨ the level will start brinking, nowyou can set
other level through the buttons "UP¨ or "DOWN¨:
¬Iì ·¯OI÷¯IiO¯ -
´a× .÷.÷ì - .3 .
¬Iì ·¯OI÷¯IiO¯ -
´a× .÷.÷ì - 2Ò .
¬Iì ·¯OI÷¯IiO¯ -
´a× .÷.÷ì - i3 .
¬Iì ·¯OI÷¯IiO¯ -
´a× .÷.÷ì - iÒ .
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¬Iì ·¯OI÷¯IiO¯ -
´a× .÷.÷ì - .3 .
Once selected the VSWRyou want, for confirm the position press "ENT¨. The EX300 will save the
newlimit of VSWR.
ÌMPORTANT REMARK: This adjust is only to protect the EX300 for damaging the RF output
transistor. Ìf you set to 50Wthe equipment will be more hard to turn off the RF transistor and it will
be more vulnerable.
Ìf you set to minimum position you will be protecting more your transmitter, but remember: setting
to minimun position this means your transmitter may turn off the RF stage more often, more
quickly.
We advise that the best position for this is 30W.
MPXSELECTIONMENU
This view produces to the user the option to change the inputs on the EX300, External MPX or
Ìnternal MPXmay be selected in this menu.
The position "ÌNT¨ means that the transmitter is working with the ÌNTERNAL MPX generator, the
STEREO GENERATORis actived.
´·` 5÷ì÷¯IiO¯-
¬ì¯I. c×I.
Ìf the case the user wants to change the STEREO to MPX input to put any other kind of coder, or
external stereo generator, the button "ENT¨ must be pressed, so the arrow left to "ÌNT¨ will start
brinking, like shows the illustration:
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´·` 5÷ì÷¯IiO¯-
¬ì¯I. c×I.
Pressing "UP¨ or "DOWN¨ this arrow moves to "Ìnt¨ and "Ext¨. After configured the position that
you want, press "ENT¨ again confirming the newposition.
´·` 5÷ì÷¯IiO¯-
ì¯I. ¬c×I.
When this position is set to "EXT¨ the main audio input of
EX300 is changed for the MPX connector , like shows the
illustration:
ÌNT EXT
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INTERNALMPXSELECTIONMENU
You can set if your transmittion will be in Stereo mode or Mono. The default position is "Stereo¨.
Press "SEL¨ until the following message appears:
ì¯I÷¯¯aì ´-×-
¬5I÷¯÷O ´O¯O
Pressing "UP¨ or "DOWN¨ the arrow moves to "Stereo¨ and
"Mono¨. After configured the position that you want, press
"ENT¨ again confirming the newposition.
ì¯I÷¯¯aì ´-×-
¬5I÷¯÷O ´O¯O
ì¯I÷¯¯aì ´-×-
5I÷¯÷O ¬´O¯O
Pressing the button "ENT¨ the arrow will start brinking, in this
moment you can choose "Stereo¨ or "Mono¨ operation.
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RF Power ON/OFF and ConfigHoId MENU
Ìn this menu, you can turn on or turn off the RF stage via software. All sections of EX300 will be
working, except the RF stage. This resource is indicated if you want to set or test the audio from
your mixer or any other audio source, with no RF power on antenna (or if you are driving an
external RF power amplifier), this way the equipment will be not radiating.
¬¯ ·O.÷¯ - O¯
.O¯Ii9.¬Oìd- OII
¬¯ ·O.÷¯ - O¯
.O¯Ii9.¬Oìd- OII
Pressing the button "ENT¨ you will note the word "on¨ will start
brinking, in this moment you can choose "on¨ or "off¨ through
the buttons "UP¨ and "DOWN¨.
¬¯ ·O.÷¯ - OII
.O¯Ii9.¬Oìd- OII
After configured the position that you want, press the button
"ENT¨. Ìn this moment, the word "off¨ will start brinking, as
shown the illustration.
Config_HoId:
The "Config_Hold¨ is for you lock all settings of EX300.
This menu disables to set all adjustables menus. When the word "on¨ or "off¨ is brinking you may
change the position through the buttons "UP¨ and "DOWN¨. The position "on¨ means the
equipment now cannot change frequency, Ìnternal or External MPX, Stereo or Mono mode
operation and disable or enable the APCARD.
To confirm the position that you want, the button "ENT¨ must be pressed again and the equipment
will save this newconfiguration.
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¬¯ ·O.÷¯ - OII
.O¯Ii9.¬Oìd- O¯
The default position is "OFF¨
VERSIONS:
This menu is only readings, this means, it is only for showthe Hardware and Software versions.
¬a¯d.a¯÷ - ´i.33
5OII.a¯÷ - ´i.i3
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¬.diO ·¯O¯÷ssO¯-
¬c¯aoì÷ .isaoì÷
AUDIO PROCESSORCONTROLMENU
Thi s vi ew onl y shows i f the AUDÌO
PROCESSOR CARD is installed and the menu
MPXSELECTÌONis set to the position "ÌNT¨.
There will be cases that the user will wants to
transmit without limited/processed audio
although the AUDÌO PROCESSOR CARD is
installed. Ìn this case, the transmission with the
audio processor disabled can be possible, just
pressing the button " ENT " and the transmitter
will transmit with any audio limit level. This
funcion was placed for who wants to connect
other audio processor/limiter external to the
EX300.
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬·- i¯sIaìì÷d
´-× 5÷ì÷¯IiO¯ -
¬ì¯I. c×I.
¬.diO ·¯O¯÷ssO¯-
¬c¯aoì÷ .isaoì÷
Pressing the button "ENT¨ the arrowwill start brinking, in this moment you can choose "Enable¨ or
"Disable¨ mode.
Pressing "UP¨ or "DOWN¨ the arrow moves to "Enable¨ and
"Disable¨. After configured the position that you want, press
"ENT¨ again confirming the newposition.
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¬.diO ·¯O¯÷ssO¯-
c¯aoì÷ ¬.isaoì÷
When you change it for "Disable¨ this means the audio processor will be not compressing/limitting
the audio inputs that modulates the FMOSC. Ìf the incoming audio is not controlled, it would cause
overmodulation. The previous menu "CHANNELS LEFT&RÌGHT¨ will to show non-controlled
audio level measures.
.¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯´¬`
¬¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯´¬`
.¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯..·
¬¬¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯¯..·
WORKING 100%
Pressing the button "SEL¨ after turned on the EX300 is possible to verify if all menus are working
100% like explained in this section.
STATUSLEDS:
1- Power: turned on 2- RF-ON: turned on
3- PLL: turned on 4- Fail: turned off
5ì`ìc.´
´i¯i5IaIiO¯¬.33.
This page was left
intentionally in
BLANK
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JUMPERSINTERNALCONFIGURATIONSSECTION
1) INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides a guide to the various jumpers by a brief description of the main
modes of operation. The advanced setup procedure pages that follow provide a little more
information on each mode as well as providing some information on setting the EX300 up
accurately if the user has access to some test equipment.
We advise to t
who kind of configurations of the EX300
the
made s
them .
causes
Make sure the modification is really necessary before open the equipment.
2) QUICKGUIDETO THEJUMPERS
There are altogether two jumpers sections on the EX300 which can be set - at the time of
installation - to establish the way the board operates.
The PC board leaves the factory with default settings which should be suitable for most
locations and requirements, Nevertheless, it is worth familiarizing the user with all the
options available, and checking that the settings are appropriate, as part of the installation
process.
The next page shows when is located each jumper, and the equivallent function of each one.
For a quick understandig, the following illustration shows what is a connected jumper
(position "ON¨) and a disconnected jumper (position " OFF¨).
he user that this section will only be able to be understood by qualified personnel and
already has experience in this equipment. The internal
can be modified in case the user understands that is really necessary modification, once the
equipments by Sinteck Next present pre-defined configurations that will provide to the user
the best condition in the transmission or reception of equipments
We also inform that the configuration of these jumpers done erroneously it can undesirable
operation in the system which Sinteck Next doesn't take the responsibility.
Jumpers "connected¨
ON
Jumper "disconnected¨
OFF
Advanced Setup Information: Guide for Jumpers
50 75
50 75
M
O
D
.
C
A
R
D
1
LCD
C1
XLR2 XLR1
U1
VL1
S
Ì
N
T
E
C
K
A
D
J

M
P
X
A
D
J

S
C
A SCA ÌN MPX ÌN 19KHZ OUT
LEFT ÌNPUT
STEREO
RÌGHT ÌNPUT
STEREO
FWD REF
F
W
D
R
E
F
V
P
A
Ì
P
A
T
E
M
P
TEP ÌPA VPA
G
N
D
RF OUTPUT
PROT
G
N
D
V
N
R
G
N
D
MÌNÌSTATÌON SERÌES
V1.0
lM L·clters - 1ransmltters
MlnlStatlon
MiniStation Series
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P-38
L×300 MlnlStatlon - 300v 8roadband lM Stereo L·clter
EX300 Main Board
Card set Jumpers
(Jumpers 3 and 4)
Pre-emphasis Jumpers
(Jumpers 1 and 2)
Advanced Setup Information: Guide for Jumpers
JUMPER1&2: PRE-EMPHASIS50µSOR75µS
The default position is 75µs (50µs Europe)
What is pre-emphasis?
Pre-emphasis is the treble boost that must be applied to all FM broadcasts to compensate
for the treble cut (de-emphasis) present in every receiver. The aim of his process is to
reduce noise in the broadcast path without degrading the audio.
The precise nature of the treble boost is defined by a time-constant in microseconds, which
describes the resistor/capacitor network that will produce the appropriate 6dB per octave
treble boost curve.
L×300 MlnlStatlon - 300v 8roadband lM Stereo L·clter
lM L·clters - 1ransmltters
MlnlStatlon
MiniStation Series
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P-39
There are two different standards in use worldwide.
Ìn Europe and Africa, the standard is normally 50µs. This represents a lift of about 3dB at
3kHz, and 10dBat 10kHz. Ìn the Americas, and in Japan, more boost is in use with a network
of 75µs, about 3dBup at 2kHz.
The jumper may either link the 75µs pins, the 50µs pins, or not link any pins, but be fixed to
just one of them for safekeeping, producing no pre-emphasis - 0µs.
The effects of pre-emphasis
The absence of any pre-emphasis will result in a broadcast sounding noticeably lacking in
treble. Applying 75µs pre-emphasis will correct the situation in American receivers (50µs
European receivers). Ìf you apply 75µs pre-emphasis when 50µs is called for, the received
sound will have some 3dB shelved treble boost above 3kHz. This is undesirable.
Conversely, if you only apply 50µs where 75µs is required, there will be 3dB treble loss,
which is also undesirable. You should not have to change the pre-emphasis setting 50µs or
75µs or back unless you are relocating the installation abroad where the standar is different.
However,whenever pre-emphasis is deliberately applied to your audio at some point before
it enters the XLR socket on the back of the board, by an external processor for example,
then you must set the pre-emphasis to "0¨ or without any jumper, because pre-emphasis
must only be applied once. Double pre-emphasis must be avoided because it will make a
signal sound far too bright and toppy.
These jumpers doesn´t affect the operation of the board when external MPXis used.
50µs 75µs
50µs 75µs
Advanced Setup Information: Guide for Jumpers
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JUMPER3&4: CARDSET JUMPERS
When the Audio Processor Card is not installed, these jumpers will be installed like shows
the illustration:
These jumpers bypass the Audio Processor Card, when it is not installed, you will note the
jumpers will be connected.
CONNECTING THEAUDIO PROCESSORCARD
To connect the Audio Processor Card, observe the following illustration:
The Audio Processor Card must be connected here Audio Processor Card
Advanced Setup Information: Guide for Jumpers
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MiniStation Series
SRFMNSTATION-230707 REV.A
P-41
After installed the Audio Processor Card, turn on the EX300 to comprove if the card was
connected well, the following message will be shown in the initialization:
5ì¬ì.5 .¬c.´ì`3-
¬·-i¯sIaìì÷d
Ìf the message in the LCD is "not installed¨ do verify all connections between the Audio
Processor Card and the EX300 main board.
Component map of the Audio Processor Card
Audio Processor Card installed
Advanced Setup Information: Guide for Jumpers
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MiniStation Series
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P-42
ADVANCEDSETUPINFORMATION- AQUICKGUIDEFORTRIMPOTSONTHEEX300 MINISTATION
The next page contains information about the map of trimpots on the EX300. This map was included in this manual as
advanced setup information and it is only to a simple understanding of the function of each trimpot and trimmer of the
EX300 boards.
Note the adjust of each trimpot and trimmer was made by qualified personnel in factory and any modification is not
permissed by Sinteck Next. All adjusts was made with high quality instruments and specified knowledge.
REMARK: Ìf the user needs to change any parameter on the EX300 on these trimpots, SÌNTECK NEXT DOESN´T
TAKETHERESPONSÌBÌLÌTY, and guarantees that the best adjustment has been made.
TRIMPOTSANDFUNCTIONS:
1) Impedance coupler trimmer
This trimmer set the impedance output of BFG235 for 50 Ohms.
2) REF trimpot
This trimpot adjusts the DC voltage to the RF wattmeter on the LCD display, when it is measuring the REF RF power
output.
3) FWDtrimpot
This trimmer adjusts the DC voltage to the RF wattmeter on the LCD display, when it is measuring the FWD RF power
output.
4) VPAtrimpot
The voltage from the RF Board - VPAsensor - is adjusted by this trimpot to correct level that will be measured on the
LCDdisplay.
5) IPAtrimpot
The voltage from the RF Board - ÌPAsensor - is adjusted by this trimpot to correct level that will be measured on the LCD
display.
6) Temperature trimpot
The voltage from the RF Board - temperature sensor - is adjusted by this trimpot to correct level that will be measured
on the LCDdisplay.
7) Fine Tune Trimmer
This trimmer is adjusted to set the fine tune of EX300. Precises frequencies like 98.00000MHz are adjusted here.
8) Carrier deviation trimpot
This trimpot adjusts the deviation of carrier. Note this trimpot is adjusted to 75kHz of carrier deviation. Ìf the user intends
that this modulation is less than necessary, a newadjust may be made.
9) 19kHz synchronism leveler trimpot
The pilot tone level that is present on the 19kHz output for RDSencoders is adjusted by this trimpot. Ìt is set to 1Vpp.
10) Bias RD06 trimpot
This trimpot adjusts the DCvoltage of the BÌASon the RD06HVF1 transistor. Generally, this DCvoltage is set in 2,0V.
11) Bias BLF278 trimpot
This trimpot adjusts the DCvoltage of the BÌASon the BLF278 transistor. Generally, this DCvoltage is set in 1,5V.
12) REF Null Trimpot
This trimmer set the null point of VSWRsensor on the Directional Coupler Cavity.
13) FWDNull Trimpot
This trimmer set the null point of FWDsensor on the Directional Coupler Cavity.
Advanced Setup Information: Guide for Trimpots
L×300 MlnlStatlon - 300v 8roadband lM Stereo L·clter
lM L·clters - 1ransmltters
MlnlStatlon
MiniStation Series
SRFMNSTATION-230707 REV.A
P-43
Advanced Setup Information: Guide for Trimpots
50 75
50 75
M
O
D
.
C
A
R
D
1
LCD
C1
XLR2 XLR1
U1
VL1
S
Ì
N
T
E
C
K
A
D
J

M
P
X
A
D
J

S
C
A SCA ÌN MPX ÌN 19KHZ OUT
LEFT ÌNPUT
STEREO
RÌGHT ÌNPUT
STEREO
FWD REF
F
W
D
R
E
F
V
P
A
Ì
P
A
T
E
M
P
TEP ÌPA VPA
G
N
D
RF OUTPUT
PROT
G
N
D
V
N
R
G
N
D
MÌNÌSTATÌON SERÌES
V1.0
Main Board:
RF Board:
D1
C1
C2
C3 C4
R1 R2
R3
R
4
C5
C6
D2
R6 R5
RJ
R
8
CJ C8

C10
R
1
0
R11
R
2
1
R13
¹
C
h
1
3Inteck'21050JRV01
DIrCoup¡er MInI3tatIon
Directinal Coupler Board:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 11
12 13
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CHANGING FUSES
The EX300 has 3 fuses: 1 externally and 2 internally.
The fuse located externally would be damaged if the mains voltage is more than 265V. The
gas discharger and varistor bank will short-circuit the AC and this fuse will be open. Ìt is
extremelly important to keep the same current specified in for this section, the fuse MUST
BE10A, this is the protection of your transmitter.
Never change this fuse for others of more current.
The following illustration shows where is located this fuse:
ÌEC Socket
The first fuse located internally is the fuse responsible for protect the Step-down converter. Ìf
there is a short-circuit in this section, like for example a damage in any MOSFET regulator,
this fuse will open, protecting the Step-down board. The current of this fuse is 10A, never
may be replaced for fuse of more current.
10A Fuse
Advanced Setup Information: Fuses changing
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Advanced Setup Information: Fuses changing
The second one is the fuse responsible for the BLF278 protection. Ìf the transistor surpass
10Aand for any reason the processor not turn off the stage, or if there is a short-circuit in any
component of RF section, this fuse will open.
The current of this fuse is also 10A.
10A Fuse