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( oS'JUNE 2000 (:1.m.) )

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ir: addition to the 1 hou '")c3ndidates ftR·C a~i\Yl'·'e{1·:1

  • ---~.---------- !t~)~Hlirllgthne of 10

minutes. Candidates ~m;;;t NOT

write in their answ '1' booklets during this thm:.

/\ U, WOI{KINn Ml 1ST BE SHOV.lN i!~your apswr;>'- hO(lldp,L s;ner~ Jl""lrks "'iin he <1'.M;udec' for

correct steps in calculations.

C\)pyright \5:~) I9 l )0 ('f'.1~lbht~anbX(.i1l1inations ~ ounc;; /\1"1 ng!'t~ r:-~s~r\jC'f~L

Describe how you would r1.tet·minc the latenl heat of fusion of ice. Your include the rnethod and Ol;tline the calculations which you would make.

account should ( 8 marks)

(b)

A glass contains 0.25 kg of water at O°e. 0.15 ,g of ice. also at 0 °C,

is added to the

water and it ;s noticed that after 11 minutes all the ice has melted and

all the

water is noW

at 15°C. Assuming that he thermal capacity of the glass may be ignored, calculate he

  • (i) 'thermal energy absorbed by the ice

for it to melt

(ii)

total thermal energy :lhsorbed ,y it e contents of the glass

average rate of energy absorption by the contents of the glass.

(The :--pecific latent heat of ice is 3.4 x 10 5 J kg- 1 and tt e specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J kg- 1 K- 1

)

  • (c) An electrical heater, rated at 750 W, is used

to raise the temperature of the water to boiling

point. Calculate how long this would take if no heat is lost to the surroundings. ( 3 marks)

Total 20 marks

The terms electric field. electric charge and potential difference are frequently i;" encountered in the study of electrostatics. Define the unit in which EACH of these: ..

(in

C!uantities is usually expressed. Distinguish between electric field and ciec:ric field strer:gth.

{"ii!

. Draw a diagram to represent the electric field betwoen two oppositel para'lel pates.

charged

(iv)

Write down an equation relating. the electric fieid, the potential differe ce between

the two plates, and the distance between them.

( 8 mark:

  • (b) In a televi, io tube a he an of electrons is ace-de ,,~tcd through a potential difference of 5000 V.

(i)

Find the energy gained by a single e!ectroll as it moves through this potential di fference.

(ii)

Calculate its final ,;peed.

(i:i)

If the ClllTe t in the electron beam is 2.0 mA, calculate the number of electrons \Jassii1g <i pe,int in tile tuhe in ODE'second.

(iV)

Electrons tr;wel down the tube and stn1<e a screen at the far end causing th screen to give out jiuht. Find the er,ergy convcrceo pe;- second s the ~Iectro s strii(e tl-j

SCi-eetL

 

31

C::h, ·Q,.eon electrcw = j ,(l .;( 10-;:; C, mass of elecl;-o'l 0:::

9.1 x W-

 

kg)

(ii)

State the characteristics

of the image fonned and compare

image with that formed by a diverging

lens.

the properties

of this

( 8 marks)

F'gure 1 shows a th·ck-bottomed.

glass aquarium containing

later. A beam of light f!Ol,

a submerged

source, S. is incident on the base at point X. The angle of incidence

58° If the refractive

index for light going from water t gIa

..s

is t .13, calculate

at X is the

  • (c) U~e the ;wgles :vou have calculated

to drav\,' ;'1 diagr;,w1 sl1C'wing the path of the- refracted

beam after it leaves X. Partial reflection diagram.

alsc ( cc 'is at X. Dr;'1\v Ihe

rcflec(f~d rayon your ( (, m?:r~;s)

(ii)

Describe how you would find the centre of gravity of a piece of cardboard of

irregular shape.

(8marks)

  • (b) Figure 2 represents a tra I held hor'zontally bv a wait r. The

tray has a weight of6 Nand

supports a drink of 'vveight 3 N The waiter provides a force at P. The tray may pivot about point T.

0)

(ii)

(iii,

Use the information in Figure 2 to find the force provided by the waiter at P and the upward force the h<!.ndexerts at T.

The drink is moved along the tray closer to the hand. Is the force needed at P to keep

the tray horizontal now less, greater or the same? Explain your

answer.

How much \VO_·1 :5 Gone r-y :'\e VI. it~r in liftil g the fray a d drik through

a height of 0.60 m?

(12 marks)

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  • C Figur(' 3 s!10'N" two circuits. A. and R. When the switch. S. is closed the lamn. L, lights, ExnI< in Ito.',' t~ i: n{;,;urs. if the hmtery

In CI'Tl.l!r I"', WPIT

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A copper rod, connected to a battery, is suspended in the ce tre of the magnetic field of a solenoid in :f'gure 4. The copper rod expcrie ces a force.