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Chapter 3 Review Exercises 263

REVIEW EXERCISES
SECTION 3.1
Write the fraction represented by the figure.
1. 2.
3. 4.
Identify the improper fractions from each list.
5. 6.
Change to a mixed number.
7. 8. 9. 10.
Change to an improper fraction.
11. 12. 13. 14.
15. 17 16. 35
9
2
3
12
5
6
4
3
7
6
5
12
344
7
413
5
76
9
82
11
1
13
,
11
15
,
8
10
,
5
2
,
12
18
8
3
,
11
12
,
9
9
,
22
19
,
3
20
18. A golf ball manufacturer packs 15 golf balls in a sin-
gle package. They then advertise them at the cost for
a dozen with three free. Write as a mixed number the
number of these packs that can be made from
46,325 golf balls.
17. A food wholesaler packs 24 cans of beans in a case
for shipping. Write as a mixed number the number of
cases that can be packed if she has 64,435 cans of
beans.
0 1 0 1
264 Chapter 3 Review Exercises
SECTION 3.2
Simplify.
19. 20. 21. 22.
23. 24. 25. 26.
27. 28. 29. 30.
31. 32. 33. 34.
630
1050
268
402
96
144
26
130
75
125
78
96
30
45
14
42
126
42
102
6
35
70
21
35
18
24
60
90
10
25
24
32
35. Romoma’s newborn is 219 days old. What fraction of
a year (365 days) old is she?
36. On a math test, a student answers 42 items correctly
and 18 incorrectly. What fraction of the items are
answered correctly? Simplify.
51. Lois spends half of the family income on rent, utili-
ties, and food. She pays of this amount for rent.
What fraction of the family income goes for rent?
2
7
52. As part of his job at a pet store, Perry feeds each gerbil
cup of seeds each day. If the seeds come in packages
1
8
SECTION 3.3
Multiply. Simplify completely.
37. 38. 39.
40. 41. 42.
Find the reciprocal.
43. 44. 5
Divide. Simplify completely.
45. 46. 47.
48. 49. 50.
32
45
Ϭ
8
9
33
50
Ϭ
27
35
12
15
Ϭ
15
8
15
18
Ϭ
30
27
8
13
Ϭ
2
13
9
16
Ϭ
7
8
3
8
28
35
#
3
8
#
5
9
21
5
#
5
4
#
4
21
6
#
2
3
#
3
14
3
5
#
6
11
7
8
#
1
6
3
7
#
2
7
of cups, howmany gerbils can be fed fromone
package?
5
4
Chapter 3 Review Exercises 265
SECTION 3.4
Multiply. Simplify completely and write as a mixed number if possible.
53. 54. 55.
56. 57. 58.
59. 60.
Divide. Simplify completely and write as a mixed number if possible.
61. 62. 63.
64. 65. 66.
67. 68. 21
3
7
Ϭ 8
1
3
31
1
3
Ϭ 1
1
9
3
1
6
Ϭ 4
3
4
8
2
5
Ϭ 2
1
3
2
1
6
Ϭ 4
4
2
7
Ϭ 5 4 Ϭ 1
1
4
10 Ϭ 1
1
4
a 4
3
4
b a 3 
1
5
b a 5
5
8
b a 3
2
3
b a
15
22
b a 7
1
2
b
a 4
4
9
b a
12
25
b a 4
3
8
b a
9
14
b a 3 
1
3
b a 1
4
5
b
a 4
3
4
b a 3
1
2
b a
3
7
b a 2
5
7
b a
4
5
b a 2
4
5
b
69. A corn farmer in Nebraska averages bushels of
corn per acre on 205 acres. How many bushels of
corn does she harvest?
151
3
5
70. A wildlife survey in a water fowl preserve finds that
there are times as many brant geese in the preserve
as there are Canada geese. If the survey counts 7740
Canada geese, how many brant geese are there?
3
1
3
SECTION 3.5
Write four fractions equivalent to each of the given fractions by multiplying by .
71. 72. 73. 74.
Find the missing numerator.
75. 76. 77. 78.
List the fractions from smallest to largest.
79. 80. 81.
82. 83. 84. 7
3
4
, 7
7
8
, 7
5
6
3
7
,
5
14
,
11
28
,
3
8
10
9
,
4
3
,
7
6
,
19
18
2
9
,
1
5
,
3
11
1
4
,
5
12
,
3
8
1
2
,
3
5
,
7
10
7
12
ϭ
?
132
5
6
ϭ
?
144
6
7
ϭ
?
56
4
5
ϭ
?
45
4
11
3
14
2
7
2
3
2
2
,
3
3
,
5
5
, and
8
8
266 Chapter 3 Review Exercises
Are the following statements true or false?
85. 86. 87. 88.
12
17
Ͻ
14
19
11
14
Ͼ
17
21
13
10
Ͼ
11
10
3
14
Ͻ
5
14
89. Four pickup trucks are advertised in the local car ads.
The load capacities listed are ton, ton, ton, and
ton. Which capacity is the smallest and which is the
largest?
1
2
7
16
5
8
3
4
90. During 1 week on her diet, Samantha ate five serv-
ings of chicken, each containing oz of fat. During
the same period her brother ate four servings of beef,
each containing oz of fat. Who ate the greater
amount of fat from these entrees?
6
25
3
16
SECTION 3.6
Add. Simplify completely.
91. 92. 93.
94. 95. 96.
97. 98. 99.
100. 101. 102.
7
15
ϩ
11
30
ϩ
5
6
1
6
ϩ
7
8
ϩ
7
12
11
30
ϩ
9
20
ϩ
3
10
3
35
ϩ
8
21
5
17
ϩ
7
34
4
15
ϩ
1
3
7
30
ϩ
7
30
ϩ
6
30
7
32
ϩ
8
32
ϩ
5
32
3
16
ϩ
2
16
ϩ
3
16
2
9
ϩ
2
9
ϩ
2
9
3
10
ϩ
3
10
4
15
ϩ
7
15
103. An elephant ear bamboo grew in. on Tuesday, in.
on Wednesday, and in. on Thursday. How much did
the bamboo grow in the 3 days?
1
4
3
8
1
2
104. In order to complete a project, Preston needs in.
of foam, in. of metal, in. of wood, and in.
of plexiglass. What will be the total thickness of this
project when these materials are piled up?
7
10
4
10
3
10
1
10
SECTION 3.7
Add. Write the results as mixed numbers where possible.
105. 106. 107.
108. 109. 110. 20 
5
12
ϩ 4 
17
18
7
3
8
ϩ 5
5
6
4
7
15
ϩ6
2
3

5
7
ϩ 10
9
14
17
5
12
ϩ 1
5
6

2
5
ϩ 5
7
10
3 4
Chapter 3 Review Exercises 267
131. Wanda finds oz of gold during a day of panning
along the Snake River. She gives a -oz nugget to
Jose, her guide. What fraction of an ounce of gold
does she have left?
1
3
3
4
132. A carpenter planes the thickness of a board from
to in. How much is removed?
5
8
13
16
117. Russ lost the following pounds during his 5-week
diet: lb, lb, lb, lb, and lb. What was
his total weight loss on his diet?
3
1
4
1
1
2
2
3
2
1
5
1
3
4
118. On a fishing excursion Roona caught four fish
weighing lb, lb, lb, and lb. What was
the total weight of her catch?
5
1
2
2
2
3
1
3
5
6
3
4
SECTION 3.8
Subtract.
119. 120. 121.
122. 123. 124.
125. 126. 127.
128. 129. 130.
13
15
Ϫ
9
20
19
30
Ϫ
17
60
21
32
Ϫ
5
16
19
25
Ϫ
8
15
7
10
Ϫ
1
4
5
6
Ϫ
4
5
7
15
Ϫ
3
20
17
24
Ϫ
1
6
17
20
Ϫ
1
5
7
8
Ϫ
1
4
5
18
Ϫ
2
9
7
8
Ϫ
5
16
111. 112.
113. 114.
115. 116. 29
7
8
ϩ 19
5
12
ϩ 32
3
4
25
2
3
ϩ 16
1
6
ϩ 18
3
4
18
3
4
ϩ 19 ϩ 25
7
12
17
1
5
ϩ 18
1
4
ϩ 19
3
10
11
7
24
ϩ 32
7
18
14
7
20
ϩ 11
3
16
SECTION 3.9
Subtract. Write the results as mixed numbers where possible.
133. 134. 135. 26
1
10
Ϫ10
9
10
6
5
6
Ϫ3
3
10
167
3
5
Ϫ 82
3
10
268 Chapter 3 Review Exercises
145. The graph displays the average yearly rainfall for
five cities.
a. How much more rain falls in Westport during a year
than in Freeport?
b. In a 10-yr period, how much more rain falls in
Salem than in Forest Hills?
136. 137. 138.
139. 140. 141.
142. 143. 144. 8
11
20
Ϫ
9
10
11
23
48
Ϫ
23
24
33
17
30
Ϫ 25
7
9
9
8
15
Ϫ 4
17
20
30
7
16
Ϫ22
5
6
9
9
16
Ϫ 3
5
12
76
7
15
Ϫ50
1
12
8
2
3
Ϫ5
5
6
19
3
8
Ϫ 8
5
8
5
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
45
Westport Freeport Salem Forest
Hills
Westview
30
3
4
27
1
8
42
1
3
14
5
8
35
1
4
A
v
e
r
a
g
e

y
e
a
r
l
y

r
a
i
n
f
a
l
l

(
i
n

i
n
c
h
e
s
)
0
146. Using the graph in Exercise 145, if the average
rainfall in Westview doubles, how much more rain
would it receive than Salem?
SECTION 3.10
Perform the indicated operations.
147. 148. 149.
150. 151. 152.
153. 154.
Find the average.
155. 156.
3
7
,
1
4
,
2
7
, and
5
28
3
8
,
1
4
,
1
2
, and
3
4
a
1
2
b
2
ϩ a
4
5

#

5
8
ϩ
2
3
b a
9
8
b
2
Ϫ a
1
2
Ϭ
4
5
Ϫ
3
8
b
4
5
Ϫ a
2
5
b
2
3
4
Ϫ a
1
2
b
2
1
3
Ϭ
1
6
ϩ
4
9
5
8
Ϭ
3
4
ϩ
3
4
1
3
Ϭ
5
9
ϩ
1
6
1
4
ϩ
3
8
Ϭ
1
2
Chapter 3 True/False Concept Review 269
What is the class average?
160. What is the average of the top six scores in Exercise 159?
Number of Students Fraction of Problems Correct
3 (all correct)
1
3
5
4
3
1
3
10
5
10
6
10
7
10
8
10
9
10
10
10
TRUE/FALSE CONCEPT REVIEW
Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Check your understanding of the language of basic mathematics. Tell whether each of the
following statements is true (always true) or false (not always true). For each statement
you judge to be false, revise it to make a statement that is true.
1. It is possible to picture an improper fraction using unit regions.
2. The fraction written as a mixed number is .
3. The whole number 1 can also be written as a proper fraction.
4. A fraction is another way of writing a division problem.
5. When a fraction is completely simplified, its value is less than 1.
1
7
8
7
8
157. 158.
159. A class of 20 students took a 10-problem quiz. Their results were as follows.
2
3
,
5
12
,
1
2
, 1
3
4
, and 1
5
6
1
2
3
, 1
5
12
, 2
1
2
,
3
4
, and
5
6
270 Chapter 3 Test
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
6. Every improper fraction can be changed to a mixed number or a whole number.
7. Some fractions with large numerators and denominators cannot be further
simplified.
8. Two mixed numbers can be subtracted without first changing them to improper
fractions.
9. The reciprocal of an improper fraction is greater than 1.
10. The quotient of two nonzero fractions can always be found by multiplication.
11. Simplifying fractions is the opposite of building fractions.
12. The primary reason for building fractions is so that they will have a common
denominator.
13. Like fractions have the same numerators.
14. Mixed numbers must be changed to improper fractions before adding them.
15. It is sometimes necessary to use “borrowing” to subtract mixed numbers as we do
when subtracting some whole numbers.
16. The order of operations for fractions is the same as the order of operations for
whole numbers.
17. The average of three nonequivalent fractions is smaller than at least one of the
fractions.
18. The product of two fractions is sometimes smaller than the two fractions.
TEST
Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
1. Change to a mixed number.
2. Add:
3. Change to an improper fraction
4. List these fractions from the smallest to the largest:
5. Change 11 to an improper fraction.
6. Find the missing numerator:
3
8
ϭ
?
72
2
5
,
3
8
,
3
7
8
7
9
7
8
ϩ
5
12
61
3
Chapter 3 Test 271
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
7. Add:
8. Multiply. Write the result as a mixed number.
9. Perform the indicated operations:
10. Simplify completely.
11. Subtract:
12. Multiply:
13. Subtract:
14. Divide:
15. Multiply:
16. Subtract:
17. Simplify completely.
18. Add:
19. What is the reciprocal of ?
20. What is the reciprocal of ?
21. Which of these fractions are proper?
22. Divide:
23. Subtract:
11
7
10
Ϫ 3
3
8
7
3
Ϭ
8
9
7
8
,
8
8
,
9
8
,
7
9
,
9
7
,
8
9
,
9
9
8
21
3
1
5
1
35
ϩ
5
14
ϩ
2
5
220
352
11
7
12
Ϫ 4
14
15
3
7
#
4
5
2
3
1
2
9
Ϭ3
2
3
Ϫ
4
9
4
5
#
7
8
#
15
21
17
4
5
Ϫ 11
68
102
1
2
Ϫ
3
8
Ϭ
3
4
a 3
2
3
b a 5
1
9
b
5
3
10
ϩ 3
5
6
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
272 Chapter 3 Test
24. Write the fraction for the shaded part of this figure.
25. Subtract:
26. Add:
27. Find the average of .
28. Multiply:
29. True or false?
30. Which of the fractions represent the number 1?
31. A rail car contains tons of baled hay. A truck that is being used to
unload the hay can haul tons in one load. How many truckloads of hay
are in the rail car?
32. Jill wants to make up 20 bags of homemade candy for the local bazaar.
Each bag will contain lb of candy. How many pounds of candy must
she make?
1
1
4
5
3
4
126
1
2
6
5
,
5
5
,
7
6
,
6
6
,
7
7
,
6
7
,
5
7
5
7
Ͼ
11
16
a
8
25
b a
9
16
b
1
3
8
,
1
4
, 3
1
2
, and 2
3
8
4
15
ϩ
8
15
11 Ϫ 3
5
11
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.