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You are on page 1of 36

Volume

Volume is the amount of space

occupied by any 3-dimensional (3D)

object.

The units for volume are…

mm

3

, cm

3

, m

3

and km

3

Units of Volume

1mm

1mm

1mm

1cm

1cm

1cm

1m

1m

1m

= 1 mm

3

(1 millimetre cubed)

When we measure volume we find how many

cubes it would take to fill a space.

= 1 cm

3

(1 centimetre cubed)

= 1 m

3

(1 metre cubed)

Volume by Counting

If each cube

measures 1 cm

3

find

the Volume

6 cm

3

1cm

1cm

1cm

12 cm

3

If each cube measures

1 cm

3

find the Volume

1cm

1cm

1cm

32 cm

3

If each cube measures

1 cm

3

find the Volume

1cm

1cm

1cm

27 cm

3

If each cube measures

1 cm

3

find the Volume

1cm

1cm

1cm

15 cm

3

If each cube measures

1 cm

3

find the Volume

1cm

1cm

1cm

Volume of Cuboids using

a formula

Side 2

Bottom

Back

Top

Side 1

Front

Side 2

Bottom

Back

Top

Side 1

Front

Length (L)

Width (W)

Height (H)

What is a

Cuboid?

A 3D

rectangle

Volume

3cm

5 cm

4 cm

60 cm

3

Volume = 5 x 4 x 3 = 60 cm

3

40 cm

3

Volume of a Cuboid

5 cm

3

in each row 4 rows of 5cm

3

= 20cm

3

in each layer.

All this counting will take a long

time. Can you see a quicker way to

find the volume?

Volume of Cuboid

Formula

Volume = Length x Width x Height

It takes far too long to count

cubes so lets use a formula…

h

w

l

V = l x w x h

http://www.youtu

be.com/watch?v=

TxAi3J_LlzA

(still stuck?: go to

above link)

Find the volume of this

cuboid

This cuboid measures

2cm by 2cm by 3cm so

the volume is …

V = 2 x 2 x 3 = 12cm

3

Check by counting

32 cm

3

Find the volume of this

cuboid

This cuboid

measures 4cm by

4cm by 2cm so

the volume is …

V = 4 x 4 x 2 =

Check by counting

2 cm

3 mm

3 mm

4 mm

7 cm

6 cm

9 m

4 m

6 m

Find the following Volumes

Volume = 4 mm x 3 mm x 3 mm

= 36 mm

3

Volume = 2 cm x 7 cm x 6 cm

= 84 cm

3

36 mm

3

36 mm

3

84 cm

3

84 cm

3

Volume = 9 m x 4 m x 6 m = 216 m

3

216 m

3

216 m

3

S

q

u

a

r

e

S

i

d

e

Square

Bottom

Square

Back

Square Top

Square

Side

Square

Front

Length (L)

Length (L)

Length (L)

What is a

Cube?

A 3D square

Volume of a Cube Formula

• Volume = Length x Length x Length

= L x L x L

= L

3

L

L

L

If the length of each

cube measures 1 cm find

the Volume

Volume = 2 x 2 x 2 =

1cm

1cm

1cm

Volume = 4 x 4 x 4 = 64 cm

3

Volume = 3 x 3 x 3 = 27 m

3

Volume = 5 x 5 x 5 = 125 cm

3

Find the volume of the following cuboids.

4 cm

3 m

5 m

1

2

3

Time for a silly song.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A2WsSHf96sQ

Prisms

SLO: Know the names of the

parts of 3D shapes

Edge

Face

Vertex

What is a Prism?

Cylinder

Cuboid

Triangular Prism

Trapezoid Prism

Uniform cross section

What do they all

have in common?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gSJtOUgFS-0

(what is a prism video)

Which of the following

shapes are prisms?

Volume of Prism Formula

Volume of Prism = Cross-sectional area x length

Length

Your Turn: Volume of Prism

Volume = Cross Sectional Area x Length

= 10 x 8

= 80 cm

3

8 cm

Area = 10 cm

2

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=

6nJgDehGmI4

(video to find volume of any prism)

Your Turn: Volume Cuboid

5cm

7cm

10cm

Cross-sectional Area = b x h

= 7 x 5

= 35 cm

2

Volume = Cross Section Area x Length

= 35 x 10

= 350 cm

3

Your Turn:

Volume Triangular Prism

Cross-sectional Area = ½ x b x h

= ½ x 8 x 4

= 16 x 10

= 160 cm

3

8cm

10cm

4cm

4.9cm

= 16 cm

2

Volume = Cross Section Area x Length

http://www.khanacademy.org/math/geometry/basic-

geometry/v/solid-geometry-volume

(Khan: how to find volume of triangular prism)

5cm

3cm

Cross-sectional Area = π x r

2

= π x 3

2

= 27cm

2

(I have used π = 3)

= 27 x 5

= 135 cm

3

Your Turn:

Volume Cylinder

Volume = Cross Section Area x Length

(Liquid volume)

(fluid ounce) millilitre

cup litre

(pint) (quart) (gallon)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wm-

Li9ydZmA (video: what is capacity)

1cm

1cm

1cm

= 1 ml

(1 cm

3

= 1 ml)

Comparing ml, L and cm

3

10 cm

10 cm

10 cm

= 1 litre

(1000 cm

3

= 1L)

1 Litre

1 ml

Converting between cm

3

and Litres

cm

3

Litre

Divide by 1000

Multiply by 1000

Move the number 3

places to the right

when dividing by

1000.

Move the number 3 places

to the left when

multiplying by 1000.

E.g.

Fill in the table below

cm

3

Litre

1) 2000

2) 4

3) 5780

4) 0.54

2

4000

5.78

540

Extension Activity

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eGVi37wFeZU

Thanks

This power point has been put together

using power points, images, videos and

games from the net.

Thank you to all those who have placed

their work in the public domain. For

others to use.

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