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# Volume

Volume
Volume is the amount of space
occupied by any 3-dimensional (3D)
object.
The units for volume are…
mm
3
, cm
3
, m
3
and km
3

Units of Volume
1mm
1mm
1mm
1cm
1cm
1cm
1m
1m
1m
= 1 mm
3
(1 millimetre cubed)
When we measure volume we find how many
cubes it would take to fill a space.
= 1 cm
3
(1 centimetre cubed)
= 1 m
3
(1 metre cubed)
Volume by Counting
If each cube
measures 1 cm
3
find
the Volume
6 cm
3

1cm
1cm
1cm
12 cm
3

If each cube measures
1 cm
3
find the Volume
1cm
1cm
1cm
32 cm
3

If each cube measures
1 cm
3
find the Volume
1cm
1cm
1cm
27 cm
3

If each cube measures
1 cm
3
find the Volume
1cm
1cm
1cm
15 cm
3

If each cube measures
1 cm
3
find the Volume
1cm
1cm
1cm
Volume of Cuboids using
a formula
Side 2
Bottom
Back
Top

Side 1

Front
Side 2
Bottom
Back
Top

Side 1

Front
Length (L)
Width (W)
Height (H)
What is a
Cuboid?
A 3D
rectangle
Volume
3cm
5 cm
4 cm
60 cm
3

Volume = 5 x 4 x 3 = 60 cm
3

40 cm
3

Volume of a Cuboid
5 cm
3
in each row 4 rows of 5cm
3
= 20cm
3
in each layer.
All this counting will take a long
time. Can you see a quicker way to
find the volume?
Volume of Cuboid
Formula
Volume = Length x Width x Height
It takes far too long to count
cubes so lets use a formula…
h
w
l
V = l x w x h
http://www.youtu
be.com/watch?v=
TxAi3J_LlzA
(still stuck?: go to
Find the volume of this
cuboid
This cuboid measures
2cm by 2cm by 3cm so
the volume is …
V = 2 x 2 x 3 = 12cm
3

Check by counting
32 cm
3

Find the volume of this
cuboid
This cuboid
measures 4cm by
4cm by 2cm so
the volume is …
V = 4 x 4 x 2 =
Check by counting
2 cm
3 mm
3 mm
4 mm
7 cm
6 cm
9 m
4 m
6 m
Find the following Volumes
Volume = 4 mm x 3 mm x 3 mm
= 36 mm
3

Volume = 2 cm x 7 cm x 6 cm
= 84 cm
3

36 mm
3

36 mm
3

84 cm
3

84 cm
3

Volume = 9 m x 4 m x 6 m = 216 m
3

216 m
3

216 m
3

S
q
u
a
r
e

S
i
d
e

Square
Bottom
Square
Back
Square Top
Square
Side
Square
Front
Length (L)
Length (L)
Length (L)
What is a
Cube?
A 3D square
Volume of a Cube Formula
• Volume = Length x Length x Length
= L x L x L
= L
3

L
L
L
If the length of each
cube measures 1 cm find
the Volume
Volume = 2 x 2 x 2 =
1cm
1cm
1cm
Volume = 4 x 4 x 4 = 64 cm
3

Volume = 3 x 3 x 3 = 27 m
3

Volume = 5 x 5 x 5 = 125 cm
3

Find the volume of the following cuboids.
4 cm
3 m
5 m
1
2
3
Time for a silly song.

Prisms
SLO: Know the names of the
parts of 3D shapes
Edge
Face
Vertex
What is a Prism?
Cylinder
Cuboid
Triangular Prism
Trapezoid Prism
Uniform cross section
What do they all
have in common?
(what is a prism video)
Which of the following
shapes are prisms?
Volume of Prism Formula
Volume of Prism = Cross-sectional area x length
Length
Volume = Cross Sectional Area x Length
= 10 x 8
= 80 cm
3

8 cm
Area = 10 cm
2

6nJgDehGmI4
(video to find volume of any prism)
5cm
7cm
10cm
Cross-sectional Area = b x h
= 7 x 5

= 35 cm
2

Volume = Cross Section Area x Length
= 35 x 10
= 350 cm
3

Volume Triangular Prism
Cross-sectional Area = ½ x b x h
= ½ x 8 x 4
= 16 x 10
= 160 cm
3

8cm
10cm
4cm
4.9cm
= 16 cm
2
Volume = Cross Section Area x Length
geometry/v/solid-geometry-volume
(Khan: how to find volume of triangular prism)
5cm
3cm
Cross-sectional Area = π x r
2

= π x 3
2
= 27cm
2
(I have used π = 3)
= 27 x 5
= 135 cm
3

Volume Cylinder
Volume = Cross Section Area x Length
(Liquid volume)
(fluid ounce) millilitre
cup litre
(pint) (quart) (gallon)
Li9ydZmA (video: what is capacity)
1cm
1cm
1cm

= 1 ml
(1 cm
3
= 1 ml)
Comparing ml, L and cm
3

10 cm
10 cm
10 cm
= 1 litre
(1000 cm
3
= 1L)
1 Litre
1 ml
Converting between cm
3
and Litres
cm
3

Litre
Divide by 1000
Multiply by 1000
Move the number 3
places to the right
when dividing by
1000.
Move the number 3 places
to the left when
multiplying by 1000.
E.g.
Fill in the table below
cm
3
Litre
1) 2000
2) 4
3) 5780
4) 0.54
2
4000
5.78
540
Extension Activity