You are on page 1of 2

ENGLISH HOMEWORK

UNIT: TRIPS AND ADVENTURES
LESSON 1 : I HAVE TRAVELED TO MANY PLACES
TOPIC: PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
SCHOOL´S NAME: “Maria Auxiliadora”
STUDENT´S NAME: Cinthya Ocaña
COURSE: 10 m0 “B”
PLACE AND DATE: Riobamba, 30-5-2013
1. INVESTIGATE ALL INFORMATION OF PRESENT PERFECT TENSE.
El present perfect se usa en el idioma inglés para narrar hechos que ya han ocurrido en un
momento, específico o no, en el pasado pero que siguen teniendo una relevancia en el presente.
Corresponde en su estructura con el pretérito perfecto en español, es decir, el verbo se construye
con el verbo auxiliar have o has si es en tercera persona singular (he, she, it), más el participio del
verbo: sujeto + have/has + verbo en participio pasado, pero no siempre en su uso: I have been
married for two years. (Llevo casado dos años.).
1

En el sentido del ejemplo anterior, es especialmente importante su uso para conectar el pasado con
el presente, e incluso, el futuro. De ahí, su uso frecuente con adverbios de tiempo como for, since,
etc.
2

The present perfect is used in the English language to narrate events that have occurred in a time-specific
or not, in the past but we still have a relevance in the present.
Corresponds in structure to the present perfect in Spanish, ie the verb is constructed with the auxiliary verb
have or has if third person singular (he, she, it) plus the past participle of the verb: subject + have / has +
verb in past participle, but not always in use: I have been married for two years. (I've been married two
years.) .1
In the sense of the previous example, it is especially important to use to connect the past with the present,
and even future. Hence, frequent use adverbs of time as for, since, etc.2

Affirmative
 I have eaten an apple. (Me he comido una manzana.)
 He has bought a car. (Él ha comprado un coche.).
Negative
 I've never been to Salamanca. (Nunca he estado en Salamanca.)
 I haven't finished yet. (Aún no he terminado.)
Interrogative
 How many times have you seen that film? (¿Cuantas veces has visto esa película?)
 Have you been to the Prado? (¿Has estado en el Prado?)
With for and since
For y since sirven para delimitar el tiempo de la acción del verbo: for tiene el significado de
«durante» y since, «desde».
Afirmative
 I have been here for four years. (Llevo cuatro años aquí.)
 I have lived here since 2003 (Vivo aquí desde 2003.)
Negative
 I haven't seen them for a long time. (No les veo desde hace mucho tiempo.)
 I haven't been here since I was a kid. (No he estado aquí desde que era un niño.)
With already, (not) yet or just
Mientras for y since establecen cuando se ha concluido la acción, already y yet establecen acciones
que todavía no han acabado. Yet solo se puede usar en negativa e interrogativa y already solo se
puede usar en afirmativa:
While for and since set when the action has completed, set actions already and yet still not finished.
Yet only be used in negative and interrogative and Already only be used in the affirmative:
 already: ya, p. ej. I have already done my homework (Ya he hecho mis deberes.);
 just: acabar de, p. ej. I have just done my homework (Acabo de hacer mis deberes.);
 (not) yet: todavía no, aún, p. ej. I haven't done my homework yet (Todavía no he hecho mis
deberes.)