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Engineering with the Spreadsheet:

Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


Table of Contents
An asterisk (*) indicates chapters in the book but not on the CD-ROM.
1.

Introduction* ......................................................................................................................1
Some History .......................................................................................................................3

Part 1: A Few of the Basics* ..........................................................................................................5


2.

Tips .....................................................................................................................................7
Using This Book and CD .....................................................................................................7
Adjusting Excel for Ease of Use ........................................................................................10
Printing a Directory ............................................................................................................11
Using Links ........................................................................................................................13
Removing Links .................................................................................................................14

3.

Worksheet ........................................................................................................................16
Headers .............................................................................................................................16
Date, Time, and File Stamps .............................................................................................17
Guide to Row Numbers .....................................................................................................19
Notes .................................................................................................................................19

4.

Editing in Excel................................................................................................................20
Subscripting and Superscripting........................................................................................20
Editing Super/Subscripts and Other Characters ...............................................................21
Formatting English Characters to Greek Math Characters ...............................................21
Make Your Own Math Operators.......................................................................................22
Adjustable Text ..................................................................................................................23
Conditional Formatting ......................................................................................................24
Formatting a New Sheet or Tab ........................................................................................25
The Trace Command.........................................................................................................25

5.

Math and Editing..............................................................................................................26


Overview............................................................................................................................26
Boolean Algebra and the If Statement ..............................................................................27
Equation Editing ................................................................................................................27
Adding Equations with Justify............................................................................................28
Another Example of Park and Concatenate ......................................................................29
Putting the Justify Button in the Toolbar............................................................................29
Range Names....................................................................................................................30
Fill: Drag from Beginning Numbers to Get a Trend ...........................................................32
Transpose: Column to Row, Row to Column ....................................................................33

6.

Symbols............................................................................................................................34
Character Map ...................................................................................................................36
Characters To Be Copied ..................................................................................................37
Greek Characters That Show as Range Names ...............................................................38
Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel
2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org

Formatting Characters Used as Range Names ................................................................38


Keypad Entry Directly into the Spreadsheet Cell ..............................................................39
7.

Drawing in Excel..............................................................................................................42
Getting Started ..................................................................................................................42
Example: Box.....................................................................................................................43
Example: Arc and Pointer..................................................................................................44
Drawing Lines ....................................................................................................................45
Example: Diagrams ...........................................................................................................47

8.

Pictures: Importing AutoCAD Drawings and Pictures ................................................48


AutoCAD Drawings............................................................................................................48
Diagrams with Background................................................................................................49
Diagrams without Background...........................................................................................50
Photographs ......................................................................................................................51

9.

Graphing...........................................................................................................................52
Graphing Rectangles.........................................................................................................52
3D Array.............................................................................................................................55
3D Spiral ............................................................................................................................57
3D Box: Simple Projection.................................................................................................58
3D Box: Orthographic Projection .......................................................................................59

Part 2: Application Basics*..........................................................................................................61


10.

Absolute and Relative References ................................................................................63


Overview............................................................................................................................63
Moving an Entire Module that Includes Absolute References...........................................65
Copying an Entire Module that Includes Absolute References .........................................65
Alternative: Copy an Array or Module Back into the Same Template ...............................66

11.

Circular Reference...........................................................................................................68

12.

Logic: Boolean Algebra and the If Statement ...........................................................69


Overview............................................................................................................................69
Park and Concatenate.......................................................................................................69
Park, Concatenate, and Justify..........................................................................................70
Range Names in Equations...............................................................................................70
Other Logic Functions .......................................................................................................70
The Logic Sieve, Boolean Algebra, and Boolean Operators.............................................71

13.

Database...........................................................................................................................72
D Direct Database Functions.............................................................................................72
Sort the Sample Database ................................................................................................72
Filter the Sample Database ...............................................................................................73

14.

Regression Analysis .......................................................................................................75


Getting Started ..................................................................................................................75
An Example .......................................................................................................................76
Straight Line Regression Analysis: Least Squares ...........................................................77
LINEST Value ....................................................................................................................80
Multi-Straight Line Regression Analysis............................................................................82
The F Coefficient ...............................................................................................................84
Curvilinear Regression Analysis........................................................................................86

Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org

15.

Takedown
Kraft Pulping

16.

Embedded Pole: An Example of the Shooting Method ...............................................


Pole Foundation: Lateral Bearing Type Foundation
Notes .................................................................................................................................
The Shooting Method ........................................................................................................
Worksheet..........................................................................................................................

17.

Numerical Integration................................................................................................... 90
Overview......................................................................................................................... 90
Footing Design ............................................................................................................... 91
Numerical Integration for W8 x 31 .................................................................................. 95
Conditional Formatting ................................................................................................... 97
Numerical Integration for W8 x 31: For XY area ............................................................ 99
Summary of Results ....................................................................................................... 99
AutoCAD Mass Properties.............................................................................................. 100

18.

Matrix Math.................................................................................................................... 104


Matrix Math ..................................................................................................................... 104
Matrix Solution ................................................................................................................ 105
3x3 Matrix: Circuit Analysis, Longhand Matrix Solution ................................................ 106
3x3 Matrix: MINVERSE and MMULT Excel Method ...................................................... 107
4x4 Matrix Model: Longhand Solution ............................................................................ 107
4x4 Matrix Model: Using MDETERM.............................................................................. 109
4x4 Matrix: MINVERSE and MMULT Excel Method ...................................................... 109

Part 3: Retirement Home Exhaust Stack* ................................................................................111


Comments on Calculations and Drawings* .....................................................................112
19.

Title Page and Table of Contents.................................................................................113

20.

Seismic Calculation 97 UBC........................................................................................115


Seismic Calculation Worksheet .......................................................................................115
Seismic Coefficient CA .....................................................................................................115
Seismic Coefficient CV .....................................................................................................115
Near-Source Factor Na ...................................................................................................116
Near-Source Factor Nv....................................................................................................116
Near-Source Calculations................................................................................................116
Seismic Calculation Worksheet .......................................................................................117

21.

Wind ............................................................................................................................119
Wind 97 UBC ..................................................................................................................119
Wind Overturning: Incremental Moments........................................................................120
Verification of Table Values.............................................................................................121

22.

Vortex Shedding in Tall Stacks and Vessels: Introduction* .....................................122


Vortex Shading: Introduction ...........................................................................................122

23.

Vortex Shedding in Tall Stacks and Vessels ..............................................................124


Summary .........................................................................................................................124
Tank/Stack Design ..........................................................................................................125
Method of Superposition for Wind Deflection ..................................................................125

Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org

Method of Superposition for Seismic Deflection..............................................................126


The Natural Frequency Tn of a Structure.........................................................................128
Vortex Shedding and Forces on the Cylinder..................................................................129
Critical Wind Velocities ....................................................................................................130
Overturning Moment with Foundation Magnification Factor............................................131
Cantilever Vibration .........................................................................................................132
Deflection Calculated as Static Deflection.......................................................................133
Allowable Shell Buckling Stress ......................................................................................134
Ovaling ............................................................................................................................136
ROARK: Approximate a Partially Loaded Ring ...............................................................138
Stiffener Design ...............................................................................................................138
Breeching.........................................................................................................................139
24.

Bolt Patterns ..................................................................................................................142


Bolt Circle ........................................................................................................................142
Four Legs: Circular Base Plates with Four Bolts.............................................................143

25.

Bolt Threads: Threads versus Strength of Bolt .........................................................144


Bolt Threads ....................................................................................................................144
Bolt Strength ....................................................................................................................145
Bolt Grade Values ...........................................................................................................145
Summary .........................................................................................................................146
Combined Loads for the Unity Equation..........................................................................146
Bolt Threads ....................................................................................................................147
Bolt Grades......................................................................................................................148
Steel Grades....................................................................................................................148
Graphing Ranges ............................................................................................................149

26.

Bolt Group Pullout: Introduction* ................................................................................150


Anchoring in Concrete .....................................................................................................150

27.

Bolt Group Pullout.........................................................................................................151


Shear Friction Connection: Punching Shear ...................................................................151
Shear Friction Connection: Strength of Bolt ....................................................................152
Shear Friction Connection: Base Plate Sliding / Shear Plate..........................................153
Shear Friction Connection: Bearing against Anchor Plate ..............................................153
Anchorage to Concrete....................................................................................................154

28.

Roark Flat Plates ...........................................................................................................158


Flat Circular Plates: Constant Thickness ........................................................................158
Cantilever Plate Comparison...........................................................................................159

29.

Foundation Loading: Introduction* .............................................................................162


Footing Configurations ....................................................................................................162

30.

Foundation Loading ......................................................................................................164


Trapezoidal Soil Loading: All Edges Loaded...................................................................164
Triangular Soil Loading for Rotation in X or Y Only ........................................................166

31.

Foundation Design ........................................................................................................167


Concrete Design in Uplift.................................................................................................167
LRFD Factoring ...............................................................................................................167
Concrete Design in Bearing.............................................................................................168

Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org

32.

Reinforced Concrete Beam: Introduction*..................................................................169

33.

Reinforced Concrete Beam ..........................................................................................170


Concrete Beam Design ...................................................................................................170
StressStrain Relationships ............................................................................................172
Depth of Compression Block ...........................................................................................173
Moment of Inertia.............................................................................................................175
Effective Moment of Inertia..............................................................................................176
Creep vs. Time in Months................................................................................................178
Verifying Graphs..............................................................................................................179

34.

Concrete Shear ..............................................................................................................182


Punching Shear ...............................................................................................................182
Beam Shear.....................................................................................................................183

35.

Stack Drawings* ............................................................................................................184

Part 4: Elevated Storage Tank* .................................................................................................191


36.

Introduction* ..................................................................................................................193

37.

Title Page and Table of Contents.................................................................................199

38.

Seismic Calculations.....................................................................................................201
Seismic Calculation Worksheet .......................................................................................201
Seismic Coefficient CA ....................................................................................................201
Seismic Coefficient Cv.....................................................................................................201
Near-Source Factor Na ...................................................................................................202
Near-Source Factor Nv....................................................................................................202
Near-Source Calculations................................................................................................202
Seismic Calculation Worksheet (continued)....................................................................203

39.

Seismic Calculations: ASCE/SEI 7-05 .........................................................................205


Seismic: ASCE/SEI 7-02 and 7-05..................................................................................205
Equivalent Lateral Force Procedure................................................................................206

40.

Celerity: Wave Action....................................................................................................207


Output Summary .............................................................................................................207
Overturning Moment........................................................................................................207
Righting Moment .............................................................................................................209
Approximations of API Tables .........................................................................................210

41.

Load Resistance Factor Design...................................................................................213


LRFD Factoring ...............................................................................................................213

42.

Pile Foundation..............................................................................................................214
Summary for Tank and Foundation.................................................................................214
Design Loads for Frame Analysis Program.....................................................................215
Extended Piling through Pile Cap to Deck ......................................................................216
Loads to Deck Mid-line ....................................................................................................217
Summary of Loads to Deck Mid-line for Finite Element Analysis....................................218
Loads to Deck Mid-Line by Case and Load Combinations .............................................219
Loads to Deck Mid-Line Using ASCE 7-02 Strength Design ..........................................217
Loads to Deck Mid-Line Using ASCE 7-05 Strength Design ..........................................221

Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org

Generate ASD ASCE 7-02 Loads for Deflection Calculations ........................................222


Generate ASD ASCE 7-05 Loads for Deflection Calculations ........................................223
43.

Two-Way Slab Loading .................................................................................................224


Column Strips ..................................................................................................................224
Two-Way Slab Loading ...................................................................................................224

44.

Concrete Biaxial Column: Introduction* .....................................................................225


Flow Diagrams.................................................................................................................225
Notations..........................................................................................................................228
Calculations .....................................................................................................................230

45.

Concrete Biaxial Column: Composite Circular Column............................................231


Concrete Circular Column Design...................................................................................231
XX Column Lengths and Loads for Bending about the X-Axis........................................232
YY Column Lengths and Loads for Bending about the Y-Axis........................................232
Biaxial Column Summary ................................................................................................232
Column Slenderness and Moment Magnifier for the X-Axis ...........................................233
Column Slenderness and Moment Magnifier for the Y-Axis ...........................................235
Moment Magnifier Logic Sieve ........................................................................................237
Column Combined Loadings for Biaxial Analysis............................................................237
Reinforcing Area and Layout ...........................................................................................237
Plastic Centroid Inertia Calculations................................................................................238
Radius of Gyration...........................................................................................................240
Plastic Centroid Strain Calculations ................................................................................240
Es* Strain .........................................................................................................................240
Reinforcing Location Logic ..............................................................................................241
Reinforcing Strain ............................................................................................................242
Math for Rectangular Rotating Compression Block ........................................................245
Math for Semicircular Rotating Compression Block ........................................................246

46.

Concrete Biaxial Column: Partial Shell .......................................................................247


Partial Shell Math ............................................................................................................247
Entire Shell Math .............................................................................................................247

47.

Concrete Biaxial Column: Photographs .....................................................................248


Construction Photographs ...............................................................................................248

48.

Concrete Shear ..............................................................................................................250


Bearing on Concrete........................................................................................................250
Circular Punching Shear..................................................................................................250
Stirrup Reinforcing...........................................................................................................251
Inclined Bar Reinforcing ..................................................................................................251
Torsion ............................................................................................................................252
Beam Shear.....................................................................................................................253
For Members Subject to Shear and Flexure ...................................................................253
Photographs ....................................................................................................................254

49.

Column Deck Interface..................................................................................................255


Design for Moment Transfer Without the Shear Transfer Mechanism............................255
Shear Stud Punching.......................................................................................................255
Photographs ....................................................................................................................256

50.

Slab-Column Moment Shear Transfer .........................................................................257

Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org

51.

Bolt Group Pullout.........................................................................................................258


Anchorage to Concrete: Tension, Fully Encased Bolt.....................................................258
Anchorage to Concrete: Tension, Fully Encased Group of Bolts....................................259
Anchorage to Concrete: Shear, Fully Encased Bolt ........................................................260

52.

Embed ............................................................................................................................261
Tension Development......................................................................................................261
Compression Development .............................................................................................261
Flexural Reinforcement Development .............................................................................263
Flexural Development at Supports and Points of Inflection ............................................263
Bar Development and Hooks...........................................................................................264
Tension Hook...................................................................................................................264
Lap Splice in Tension ......................................................................................................265
Lap Splice in Compression..............................................................................................265
For Bar Used in Shear Friction ........................................................................................266
Photograph ......................................................................................................................266

53.

Reinforced Concrete Beam ..........................................................................................267


Concrete Beam Design ...................................................................................................267
Photographs ....................................................................................................................268

54.

LN2 Bulk Storage Tank: Test Measurements..............................................................269


Summary .........................................................................................................................269
The Laser Level Setup ....................................................................................................270
Column Shortening..........................................................................................................271

Part 5: Reference Materials* ......................................................................................................275


55.

LRFD Compared to Working Strength Loads: Introduction* ....................................277


Allowable Stress Design versus Load Resistance Factor Design...................................277

56.

LRFD Compared to Working Strength Loads.............................................................279


Load Factor Resistance Design ......................................................................................279
Foundation in Overturning: Trapezoidal Loading ............................................................280
Foundation in Overturning: Triangular Soil Loading........................................................283
LRFD Factoring ...............................................................................................................285

57.

Acceleration ...................................................................................................................287
Introduction ......................................................................................................................287
Jumping ...........................................................................................................................288
Gravity and Thrust ...........................................................................................................289
Gyroscopic Precession....................................................................................................290

58.

Quadratic and Cubic Equations ...................................................................................291


Y = mX + b.......................................................................................................................291
Quadratic Equation..........................................................................................................292
Cubic Equation, Algebraic and Trigonometric Solution...................................................293
Cubic Equation Graphing ................................................................................................294
The Shooting Method ......................................................................................................295
Curve Fitting with Excel Trendline ...................................................................................296

59.

AutoCAD 2000 LISP Routines ......................................................................................297


Creating an ASCII File.....................................................................................................297

Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org

Reading with the LISP Routine........................................................................................298


60.

Units Conversion...........................................................................................................300
Units Conversion .............................................................................................................300
Notation ...........................................................................................................................302

61.

Notation ..........................................................................................................................305
General ............................................................................................................................305
Bolts ............................................................................................................................307
Celerity: Wave Action ......................................................................................................307
Concrete Pullout ..............................................................................................................308
Concrete Foundation Design...........................................................................................308
Seismic ............................................................................................................................309
Statistics ..........................................................................................................................310
Vortex ............................................................................................................................311
Wind ............................................................................................................................312
References .....................................................................................................................313
Index

............................................................................................................................315

Engineering with the Spreadsheet: Structural Engineering Templates Using Excel


2006, Softcover w/ CD ROM, 336 pages, ISBN: 0-7844-0827-0, Stock #40827, List Price $75, ASCE Member $56.25
American Society of Civil Engineers, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Reston, VA 20191 USA
Phone: 1-800-548-ASCE (2723) or 1-703-295-6300
Fax: 1-703-295-6211
Internet: www.pubs.asce.org