You are on page 1of 220

· .

CPEHJA

, .. :i

nOCAE llAPHCROr A MHP A.

{:-:-.-'~··-~-~·-i'_·~--'·~"· '-.~.':'~~. "

, : .

.......... ._ ,_, .'-_, .._ .. , -- ----,--~.-....._ . ....:. ..... ,,- ...... ~~: .~, j

CBETO-AH,lJ,PEJEBCKA CKynmTmIA

(1858-1859).

HAIlliCAO

H H J.l non 0 B.

EiEOrPAA

AP~ABHA mTAMllAPKJA 1872.

Y,\f2./

,

n PEA rOB 0 P.

He hello DBmTa ,lJ,a fOBOPHMO Y KOPBCT OBe ssare B ,lJ,a je asnpe,lJ, npenopY1J:yjelllo lIKTaO~HIa: CaK npe,lJ,lIIeT 0 ROllle RILBra roaopa B HIe DBc~a aesor ,lJ,OBOJLDa cy npenopyRa. MB helllo calllo ,IJ,& R&&elllO ,lJ,Be - TpH pesa 0 npeBO,lJ,y OBe R.ILBfe.

Y n01J:eTRY OBe RILere, TO [eer, O,lJ,I&x,..noC.lle npearoacps, CTaBBO je r. nOnOB CBOj O,lJ,rOBOp aa RPBTBKY f. BorBmBha B npBIe,lJ,6e r. MapBDoBBha Da nosDaTY RILBry "Cp6Bja B PYCBja.." 380 UK ,lJ,Q,lJ,8TO je DeItOJlKKO cTpaDa BS sanHCDBRa B nBOaI& 'R. Ilporase.

CBe TO ae CTOjB DB Y RaRBoj OBeSB ca npeJJ,lIIeTOIII OBe RILBfe aero npe,lJ,XO,lJ,DBX, na asro CillO lIIB Y npeBO,lJ,y TO BBOOTaBBJlB BB OBe RILllre. MB .IIIBCJlB1l0 ,lJ,a je 60JL8 CBe TO mT8lIInaTB Da It pajy nOCJle,1J,lbe RlI>lIre sao ,lJ,O,lJ,aTaR, TBIII BBme, mTO he ee 1II0Z,IJ,a II Da OBY R&.sry jaBIITB sasae npB1le,lJ,6e, Da soje he CJle,lJ,ooaTH O,lJ,rOBOp, na DeRa ee CBe TO mT8n& y jeJJ,DO. .

AaJLe CBe BazDBje a8u,Y1J:Re ea. AD,IJ,pejclte oRynmTBDe, Itoje je nllea~ DaBO,lJ,BO" 0,lJ, peu ,lJ,O pesa, lIIB eao YBU&JllI BS OpBfnaJl8 ,IJ,& ee He ()11 oMa6BO elllBoao TlIX B&&DBX aRTa· y CJleA ,lJ,BOoTpYRor npeRO,lJ,a. C rors ey TaRa waltTa lISJlOZeDa ODBIi jesBRO. 1t0jBIl ee DBcaJls npOTOROJlB es. AD,IJ,pojclte csynmUDe. .

To je OBe mTO CillO BlllaJlB Danpe,lJ, ltaBaTH 0 npeBO,lJ,y OBe Ba&Be It&.Hre, pa,lJ,lI SDa&.a 11 ynpaBJLa&.a C&IlBX 1J:BTaJla~a.

IIp.BOAlIO.X:

CpetaEoBn, BaCHJLeBn, IapjaBOBn.

B8JKHOCT CpnCKe MCTopMje.

Y ,a,aHamlLe speae He he ce HBltO 0"" pyesax lJUTaJl.a~a noeYMIL3TH BlI o nOJl.BTHlJHoj Ba3HOCTH Cp6uje, HHTH 0 yHyTpamlLoj BaZHoeTH, Roja aeoenopao npHnaAa HOBHjOj I:IcTopajH epaese RHe&eBBHe. CYA6HHa Cp- 6Hje H cpnesor HapO,ll.a 6na je TaRO TeeHO CKOnlJaBa e pycaoa HCTopajO][ y nOlJeTKY oaora neea, Aa ee H y 6YAyhHOCTH yeneea epnese KHe3eBBHe Mopajy OrJl.eARTH OBaRO HJlH oaaso y oABomajn3 PYCBje eupaa HCTOlJ. xpHmLaHa, H Aa C~ M04&e ROA Hac (r.j, Pyca) nOCYMlLaTU TeR oaa] 0 saaHOCTR epnese HCTopRje sa PYCBjy, 1£0 je pasaonymaa Ha enpaa BCTopsje esora OTamTBa. Moz.e ee peha , A3 nocae noseaora BapOAa, quja je BCTopuja raso [aao CROnlJaHa u ynaereaa ea HCTOpHjOIl pyesore napoaa, O~\ CBUjy MOBeHCKBX aapoaa, Cp6B ca Byrapasa, HajlJemLe cy AOJlaSH.JlII y AOAHP ea Pycujoll; ILHXHa JICTopsja OeTaBHJl.a je no ce6H TaRO OlJHueAHe H eaeae rparose y npoaaaseaoa EHBOTY aame (pyese) ,lI.OMOBHBe. AJlH CYA6BHa epuese RHeJteBHHe, sa UOTOIbBX HeltO.JlHRO roaaaa, na jom B APyrH 3HalJaj, KOjH AOBO,ll.H cpncRy HCTOPBjy y mapa Rpyr 1Iel)y aaPOAHHX oAHomaja. ITpe eaera , cYA6BHa Cp6Hje ueoenopao aopa HMaTII orposaa YTH~aj aa CYA6HBY jY3i.HBX CJlOBeHa, ROjH .lK1JBe YBCTOUOj nOJlOBRBB aycTpHjcRe napeaaae R ROjR cy BSMajcTopBC3HBM BalJHHOM nOCT3B.lbeHH y nOAlJHlLeHe oAHomaje nOA Mal]3pCRy RPYHORBBY B aesaae nOJUITHlJRe pasyae. Join cy cTuHBje B jalJe OHe uaeaeacse B BCTOPHjCKe sese , Roje Besyjy epnesy RHezeBBHY C jYEHHM MOBeHCRHM naeseBBMa, Koja ZHBe no,ll, TYPCROII B.Jla,ll,oM Y BOCHR, Xep~erOBBBH B CTapoj Cp6UjH. Cpnco RHeEeBRHa aaaaaeha ee y Cpe,ll,HHB jyz.Hor CJl.OBeHCTBa, na BeJl.HRB SHa1J:aj y onmro] Cy,ll,6BHB lbBXOBOj; nOJlHTBlJRB nas ycnecB sa nOTOIbBX lJeTPAeeeT rOA. Aajy epncso] RHe&eBBHH npeOBJlal)yjyhu yTBI\aj Ba TOK omarer 3i.BB.lbelba C.IlOBeHa y TypCltOj. 1:1 C 'fora Cp6RjH npHna,ll,a y Aeo BeOMa SHa1J:ajBa Y.llora y penreay lJRTaBOr C.IlOBeBCKora naraaa, HaRpaTKO, BCTopHjeRa npeA3lba B nO.llHTB1J:Re neaa , Roje cy CTBOp.BJle BOBY Cp6Hjy, AOTUlJY ce Y ,lI,aBamlbe npeae AYCTpHje, Mal]apCRe H

TYPCKe. IICTopujcKa npeAalLa Aajy epnesoj BCTOPBjB eaponesa SBalJaj1 a nO.lUlTHlJRe ~eJlH Beayjy Cp6ujy oa TRKO uaSBaBHII BCTOlJBUIl nualLell. Ao nspaeaora IIHpa nO.llHTHUa uCTopHja Cp6Hje OApe~UBa.lla ee uajnpe ysajallHHII oABomajBlla PYOHje H TypCRe, .0LBIM YTB~ajell pYOKe AHn.lloll&TBje ua TYPCRY, a AO~BHje oynapuBmTBOII Be.lliRHx eBponCRIX APzaBa 0 PYCBjOM I OA lJeCTH B lIe~y lLBIla CaMBlla. Iloeae DapHORora IlHpa, Cp6Hja je HsaIWla BODOA BCMYlJHBOr "DORpOBHTeJlCTBa" PYOHje; lIemalLe Y YHYTpamlLe epaese noeaose nOCTaJlO je uellOrYhUO 6es npaCTaBKa CBBjy OOTa./lBX eBponCRIIX Be./lHRIX APzaBa; cYA6Bua Cp6Hje BRXOAehU ee Y CBeSH ca onmTBII TOKOM CTBapH Y Espona, Ao~e Y BehY SRBUCHOCT OA YC.IlOBR (noroA6a) seaaaor yByTpamlLer znOTa H omnrer CTalLa I'lTBapH ua xpHmhaUCROMe HCTORY. AKO je HCTopBja cpnese RBezeBHue AO aapacaor IlHpa, y OUMa PYCRora nuc~a, HlIR.Ila ape esera 3UalJaj y nBTalLY 0 "nOKpOBBTeJJ.CTBY", Koje je YUBH.Ila PycBja Cp6HjH1 OBAa HCTopHja epnese KH6ZeBHBe noeze napHORora MHpa HIla SualJaja npeaa C.IlOBeUCKOM B BCTOlJUOII nlTalL y. Iloeae ssare "Cp6Bja H PYCHja " 1 KOjy caM ISAao 1869. rOA., caAa BSAajeM Ba~pT nO.llUTH1JUe HOTopBje epnese KU6ZeBHBe noeae napaesora upa.

- ..

IIapBoKH up 0& eBB. je npOMeBIIO 0,1l.BOm8j epnese KBeJlteBIIJre B8- enpaa esponeaax ,1I.p.2lt&Ba ,jep je OTaBBO npaaa Cp6Bje no,1l. onmTY OXP8UY OBlljy eaponesax ,1I.pataBa; y Me,1l. Tors nooe6BH S&XTeB1I je,1l.ue PYCBje npeOT3.11B oy 611TII 06aBeSBB sa Cp6l1jy. OBSKaB je 6HO eaacao Ile~yuspO,1l.BOr yroBopa nomaeaaor y Ilapasy. Au Y HOTO ,1I.06a O,1l.BOmajll OTBOpeUH KPBIlOK.HJIl paroaaaea aa ,lI,Ofbell AyuaBY, nOTQHUe B.I18,l1,y Eapa~op~eBIIL3 BeUKO. YTII~3jy AyoTpBje. Y Kpyry re OaMe B.I1SAe 0,11, osora ~peMeus 6HB&JlH oy HenpeOTSBO paaaopa. MIIBHOTPII, KOjll oy ee AOOTa 1Ie6TO MeIL8J1H, 6U.I1H oy noaajaame oypO,1l.B~e Kapa~op~eBBLa 11.1111 TaRRB Jb YAH, KOjH cy TeOHO .aeaaaa 6HJ1B ea AOllaLDM HBTepeCBMa Kapa~op~eBBha WaMIIJlllje. Y OOBeTY oy T8Ko~e Saoe,1l.aBa.l1B JbY,1l.B, uje oy ROPBOTH HIl8.11e Ila mTO .onmre ea KOPBOTBMa B.I1a,1l.e. A.I1H OOH. ILBX, Y COBeTY je 6HJ10 H T8RBBX JbYAD, ROjB oy OaCT8BJbaJlB onos~Bjy BJla,1l.B, BO OHB oy 611.1111 Y JIl8ILUBB. Y ApymTBY nas II y BapO,1l.y as ,1I.aBa y ,1I.SB PSM8. je onos~Bja npOTHB Kspa.~op~eBBLa ~ ILerOBBX IlIlHBOTaps. OOT&peaa npOTIIBBBR MHJl.ODleB BY'lIlL, KOjB je n008AIIO aa opnOKII npeero ltapa~op~eBILa, BO,ll,IO jeaenpeeraao I rOTOBO jSBUO 60p6y 0 B.IlS,II,OM; OH je 6YUBO 1IKUOBHBRe ope,ll,lLer B MJla~er HapaDlT8ja npoTIBy saeaeae B.IlSOTB H 06AP.2ltSBSO BeSa,ll,OBOJbOTBO y napoay. Ca,1l.s BIDle BBje 6HJlO ODe napTaje "ycTaB06paBBTeJbCRe" , ROjS je OB8RO 0lle.l10 B O,ll,0YAUO PS,1I.B.IlS OA 1838-1845 roa.; ao je 6B.Il8 callo B.I1&AS, us 1Ie.l1Y Roje je oT8jao Rsps~op~eBBL, - B.IlS,1I.S HeJlloLus B paerpojeaa , ROjS ee y OnOJbSmlLBJIl oABomajBJIls nOJl,'IBlLaB8.1la BOJbB TYPoKe, 1.111 YTH~a.jy AyoTpHje; a y YUYTpamlLBI. - yra~aJl.a je BHTepeC1IMa WaM1.I11je Kapa~op~eBIL8 B APyrn nopoaana, Roje oy 6B.1le m 1L0Me y esesa. II YOTaB, ROjl je BS8SBSO TOJIBRO npespara y epneso] 10TOPljll, BeL je 610 Hsry610 oBOjy npe~amlLy ouary: ueRII ee ILerOBB lJJI8U~B HHOY BSBpmSBa.lll, APyrH cy 61.11.1 npoaeaeaa pasBllhe. oaMor SaROUO,1l.8BCTBa. Co BeT ee no R&TRaA TaRO SSBs~ao 0 ~ILaSOM 1 lLerOBBI. MBHHOTPBMS, AS je sa6psILHBsO oBOjBM lJ.IlSUOBIIMS CBaRe ueSBS-

Cpu ... BOo.&& BAPBC. ...... 1

2

oue oAHomaje m ILU8. lKaA6e COBaTC&e OpOTIBy KIL&3a I lLerOBBX opraaa, a TaKO ICTO I auiSe KlL8aeBe npoTny COBeTa lIIIL4e cy nOpTB; a.l1I Ilopra uje opeAysua.l1a HIURBe OACYAHe xepe, Ha noueTKY 1857 rOA. eKJIOnI ee HemTO BUlK Ha saBepy OpOTBBy KlLasa, y KOjOj cy 6I.I1I norI 1J.I1aBOBI COBaTa; aB saBepa 61 opoHa\eH& I 00, KOjl cy 6HB Y ILl' oo.eman, 61me erporo amTSrOBaBB. ffiu je 01JeKBB&0 BeUTH saTBOp y CTpamaoj, .pa1JHoj I B.IlUHOj ryprYCOBa1JKoj Ky.lll, y KOjOj ey 088KO JJ,yro naTB.IlB opnpaeHB~ 06peHOBna HOMe npeBpaTa 184:2 rOA. Ho y Ty ersap y.ema ee eeponesa JJ,IU.IlOBlaTBja I IIopT&. Y BeorpaA Ao\e rypeD soxeeap, B COBeTU1Ja napraja, Koja je 6HJla y saBaJJ,B e KlLaBO., npeJJ,a Ko.eeapy Tya6y npoTBBy Kapa\op\eBBLa. Boaeesp TypeD erspao ee JJ,a nOKBpB 06e napTaje, &.IlB JJ,oquje yBIAH, JJ,a TO OAKO uje .0ryLe. CBB cy 01JeKHB3JlB JJ,a Le ee UOHOBHTB y KHeaeBHBB BepeAB I y6IjCTBa iao 184:2 rOJJ,BBe. OM060\elLe SaT01JBBK& H ILIXOB O},JlaaaK y BHABH, aRT nOKBpelLa.ls .e\y KlLasa, COBeTa, UHBCTapa B aneJIaI\BOHOra eYAa, paBHOAYDIBoeT JJ,IOJlOM&TC~IX areHaTa npeaa TOile I OAJIasaK rypeKor Ko.eeapa, nonro je OB&j aKT 6BO 06HapOAOB&B, - ese TO eKyoa oje paCOpaB}fJlO saTerBYTe OAHOm&je, UUI ey nOCTOjaB AKO y KPyry cue B.IlaAe TaKO I y HapOAY. Y TO Bpe.e n01Je ee [aaao rOBOpITB 0 easBB&ILY HapOAHe eKynmTBBe. Au y YCTaBY HHje 6uo HB peuqe 0 cKynmTIHI, na B.IlaJJ,s oMalLajyLH ee Ha YCTaB, pa- 1IJIlU3 je, Aa ua npaso JJ,a oapesae CBOjU cyoapul\Bu C3SHBaILe eKynmTBBe. B.IlaAa je suua, JJ,a cy npse HapoJJ,He cRynmTBBe y Cp6Ijl sa BJlaJJ,e MB.Iloma 06peBoBILa 6ue ysPO& A3 ee YSBBeH RIL&3 I AS 'oja1Ja aeroas B.IlaCT; BO OHa je jom zn.!.e n8uua JJ,& ey lIapOJJ,He cRynmTHBe OA 1839 rOAHBe 61.1le opy\e 1JBHOBU1JKBX uapTaja, Koje cy Hm.lle Aa orpao1Je KlLueBY B.IlaCT. Raje 6ua no BO,ILI HapOAHa oRynmToa BB ou. 1JBIIOBHHqOa, ROjH oy P&3BlIHO UMBJlH 0 6nmoj B.IlaJJ,I, jep oy ee BaBIKJlH Aa ynpaB.lL&jy JJ,P&aBHI. OOMOBua RHe&eBBBe 6es YlIemha BapoJJ,He BO.!.e. 3aBa\ajyLH ee C RlLaso., C uocTpua, ea BehlDl SBaU~I3 r.llaBHU HaJJ,.lleaaTeJJCTBa, cpncu lIBBOBHHqI oaora 11.06& saBa\a.IlB ee 83 Ile\y ee6e soor eaors Buor KOPICTO,ILy6,ILa, jep HaJJ. ILlDla nBje 6uo HajB&zoje ROHTpO.lle, s6pBeaHe YCTaBO. - HapOJJ,He BO,ILe. A..l1 BosnOCTaB8TI TY ROBTPOJlY, nOJJ,Bpb ee lLeHO. BS6oPBOK

8

'.

CYIJ,Y, nOIJ,BpLB ee lLesBHoj ROHaqHoj npecylJ,B, HHje neAa HB jelJ,Ha HB IJ,pyra SaBa~eHa CTpaHRa. Beh na AeceT rOAHHa, RaRO ~Hje 6BAa eaSBaHa HapoAHa esyamraaa, CRe BAaCTH ,- Roje cY BeL HaBBRAe Aa BAaIJ,ajy 6(:3 oaronopaoera, 60jaAe cy ee aaponae cRynmTBHe. Bo je Ilorao &MHTB Aa ce easoae HapoAHa cRynmTBHa ~ IIpe esera B BHIDe Hero u BRO JlteAHO je CaM HapO,lJ" ROjB je noseo Aa yBB~a cBoje 6esnpaBHO CTalLe, csoje 14HOrorOAHmILe HSKJLY1leibe 0,11, saROHHTora YlJemLa ua APzaBHa AeAa cBoje AOMOBBue; sa TBIi M.I1a~au:\l aapamra], ROjB je IJ,06BO 60JLe Bs06paJiteibe Hero oerapeaa npeTCTaBBB~B npe~amlbe HHTeABreHqBje. 0,11, 1889 roaaae epneaa Ma),a noqe.l1a je MaTH sa rpaHB~y MAa~aHe JLYAe 0 APJltRBHOII rpomsy, Aa ee BeLn aaonpsae. II ORO CTOTBUY TaRBBX AH~a, Roja cy sa CTpaHlI HSY1lBAa HaYRe, BeL cy'y OBO apese,

. 0 ROlle tosopaao , He esxo BpaTH.I1a ee y CBOjy AOMOBBUY, HO cy jom A06BAa BeLB HAH nlLB SBaHnau noaoaa], a HeKH cy jom SalJ,06BJl.BB YTH~Rj y HapoAY. Y OBO KOAO aoaaae JLYAB, ROjB ey HsyqaBaJIB uayRe paSHBX CTpYRa B y pasuIII RpajeBBMa. Ibax cy CJiaAB Aa Bsyqe npasa, IJ,pJltaBUe HaYRe, eRoHonjy, TprOBHHY, 41HuaHqBjy B KILBrOBOIJ,CTBO, paS.I1BqHe rpaae TeXUB1lROra saaaa, pylJ,a~CT80, mY1l8pCTBO, apXBTeRTYPY, aene BemTBHe, sojaasse nayae, BHJ;IHHBPCTBO, nOJLCKY npaspeay, RILBrOneqaTIbY, ABTorpa4lBj~, lIe,l1,HD,IUy, uayRe aeropajcse , 41HAoc04lCRe B 60rOC.llOBCRe; IJ,a 611 ce BSYQH.I1H y OBBM uaYRaMa ualJ,HLB cy HmAH y Ilapas , A>eJlt, Bep.l1HR, XajlJ,e.l16epr, A.IlTeH6ypr, XoxeHxajM , c)paj- 6ypr, X3.Ile, reTUHr, meMHlID" A.ajnD,lIr, llpar, Bex, Ilpeedypr, rAe je HeflJ,a D,BaTHA& mRO.l1a naBcuBBcTa., 'I'apaar , ATKBY, KBjeB B MOCRBY. IIsyqaBajYhH paS.I1HQu(' rpaae HaYRa, OBB IlARIJ,HLB RalJ, cy ee BpaTlI.Illl y CBOjy AOMOBHHY, BMR.I1H oy ca CBlIII APYRqBjll nor.l1elJ, aa IJ,pJltaBHe 11 APymTBeue OIJ,HOmaje, Hero OHII ROjH oy BAalJ,aU y Cp6BjH. MaOfH 0,11, IbRX XTe.l1H oy npecaABTH Ha epncso S~IIJLHmTe CBe OHO, mTO cy YCBOjll.llH BS onmrer esponesor JltRBOTa. TB JLYAII aaoro oy 60JLe oXBaLaAH SHaqaj HapOAlLer CYAeJIOBalLa y onmres AP.lltaBHOM JltBBOTY, Hero .liB HajBaJltHHjH npeTCTaBHHIJ,HOTapOra HapamTaja. HeRH OA ILBX AO~y npe ApyrHX Ha Ty xaeao , Aa ee Tpe6a SAPYJltBTB 0 aapoAOM, re Aa ee Y1J:BHB Rpa.j 3.11oynoTpe6an, Roje oy ee yByR.I1e Y ApaaBHY npaRTBRy. Me~y THM JLYAMa B OTBOpB.I1a ee aajnpe TaRO HaSBaHa napo-

ft

AHa napTaja, YS KOjy je npBCTa.110 Ao~aBje HeKO.llBKO npereraenaaa CTapBjera HspamTaja. Y OBOj M.Ila~aHoj BHTe.llHreH~BjB .IIaKO je ()B.IlO npaKaTBTH ABa npasna, JeAHOM cy npasny npBnSAa.llB A>YAH, ROjB cy ()B.IIH B.IlB eHeprBlJHBjB no sapaarepy , H.IlH YCBOjB.IlB Beha paJl,BKa.llHBje nor.lleAe aa nO.llHTHlJKa B APymTBeHa unalLa; APyroMe npaB~y npHnaA3.IlB cy A>YAB, KOjBX cy aese ()H.Ile 1IH0ro ynpeHBje H KOjB ee OA.IlBKOBS.IlB BelloM naJltA>BBQmlly y pesaa B nocTyn~HIB. A.IlB paS.IlBRa Jl3 Me~y Ta ABa npasna nOTnYHO ee o()e.llOAaHII.IIS res 1859 rOAIIHe, noeae noaparsa O()peHoBBita y Cp()lIjy. Y nOTOlLe AaHe B.IlaAe Rapa~op~eBllita )I.Ila~aHa BHTe.llllreH~Bjs o()a npasne :ate.lle.lla je Aa ee caaose HapOAHa csynmraaa. Mor.llB cy co HelleMY HaAaTB 0,11, cKynmTBHe ca CBBII YAaA>eHB 0,11, nOMOB3 CTSPB npB.np:ateHB~B O()peHOBlIlla, KOjH cy MHoro nperpneaa Y npehamILe spese 0,11, napTaje YCTaBo()paHBTeA>CRe, na cy :ate.llB.IlB Aa joj ee eaAa OCBeTe. OHB HBCY ()B.IlB ear.llaCHII y OBO)le C IlHmA>elLeJl MBxaB.Ila O()peHOBBlaa, Koje je OH BS&I1SaO Y nBClY nOMaHOM Maja 1853 rOA. BS Bexa y Cp()Bjy. Mor.llB cy Jlte.lleTB AS ee eaaone anpoaaa cKynmTBHa B jom HeRII A>YAB, ROjB cy oAycTa.llB oAycTaHo()paHHTeA>CKe napTaje H caAa npesapaaa B.IlaAY Rapaqop~eBBIta ; a.llH cy OBB r .IleA3.1lH aa HapOAHY cRynmTBHy sao Ha spajae B nOTOlLe eperemo , AS s()a~e C npeeroaa Raps~op~eBHlaa. Ha Taj BallHH jeAHH cy r.lleA3.IlB Ba cl£ynmTHHy sao na lJHlLeHH~y Aa nposeay CR.IlOn B.Il3Ae; APyrH ee YSAS.IlB, AS nOJlolly ae, s()a~e Rapa~op~eBBLs B Aa nospare O()peBOBHha.; BeRB cy BBAe.llB y cI£ynmTBHB ' jeJICTBo AS lae HapoA cYAe.lloBaTH Y AP:ataBHHM nOMOBHMa. A.IlH jeABa .IlB je KorOA 0,11, A>YAB, ROjH cy ()H.IlH sa TO Aa ee caaoae aapcma eeynmraaa, Jlor.llH npeABB,lleTH CBe OBe nOCJIeA~e, ,11,0 KOjHX "lae AOBeCTB CBeToaHApejeBcKa CltynmTHBa, B jeABa .IlB je KorOA aorao npe,ll,BHAeTB OBe yCTaBOBe, Kojna lae OBa OSHallHTB CBOjy paAlLy. MBorB cy OlJeKBB3.IlB OJ!, esynmraae Aa lae AOBeTB SHaTHe upoaeae Ba ()oA>e ; a.llH TemKO Aa je BltO Korao nOrO,II,HT.II, Aa lae CBeToaHApejeBcss esjmaraaa CTBOPHTH enoxy

Y YHYTpamlLell JltHBOTY epnese KBezeBHHe.

r .llABA I.

CBeToaHApejeBCSB. csynmTHHa. H a6a'lelLe Rapat,opt,eBHLa..

Pasaopa y ealloj B.IlaAB opnesoj , ROjB ey AOCTBr.IlB y npoaeke 1858. AO CBora. BpmKa, 6B.IlH cy ouaeaa sa TaAamILer RlLasa Rapa~op~eBBha, jep ItaRO eall aaaa , TaRO B ILerOBB MBeTBBItB BBCY SHaJlH BCTBHCRe BapOAIL6 .ae.ll>e, na BBcY nOTllYBO cXBaLa.llB HB ysajauB noaoaaj , y ROMe ee BaJl3SBJle paSJlHlIlI,e napTaje y SeM.II>B. B.IlaAa B COBeT r.l103tehB ee Me~y C060M BBCY HB enaaaaa, ROJJ,BRO ee BOBe eaare npasynaao y HapOAY; a npe~amILB yeraB06paBRTe.ll>U, 6YAyliB nonenaaa na ABa. BenpBjaTe.ll>cKa aoropa , MBMBJlR oy, ,ll.a BlI npera onaCHOCT TeR 0,11, HHTpBra OBOjHX np6~amif,HX ,ll.pyroBa, na BHCY ,IlRBa.llH HBRaSBor sHallaja HapOAILeM HeSa,ll.OBo.MTBY. IIpeA ILHXOBBM oll .. a jaB.II>aJlB oy ee caMO O,ll.aBBO ILHMa nOSHaTB nojaBH, ROjB oy np&TB.IlB 60p6y lIBHOBHBRa y Cp6BjB OA 1835. AO 1845. rOAHBe. lDHXBa. YB.~aBHocT HHje Bm.lla Aa.ll>e OA ,ll.BOPORBX On.lleTaSa, EaHIte.llape~HX pasAopa B n{lpOABlIRe Mp3tILe; OBB cy jom CBe ZBBHJlR B paAHJlB no saOTapeJlHM nojMoBBMa; OHR cy jom nenpeeraao, clI&Tpajyb ce6e sa aspoaae crapemaae , nonesarese B APzaBHe cOBeTB.s6, rJl6,ll.aAB DB. cBojecBa~e sao HR C'I'BSPB, soje ee Be TBlIy HapOA&; H BHCY ,ll.onymTa.llR Aa YllacTByje BapO,ll. y ynpaBH esoje po~eBe AOlloBHHe. ItIL&8 A.IleRoaHAep, ROjH je paAHo no,ll. Be.llHEBM YTBItajeJl cBoje zeRe B po~aRa, 6pBHYO ee CaIlO 0 ABRaCTBlJRBM BHTepeeHlla; 6pHry naR 0 APzaBBHII H HapOABBM nOTpe63118 OCT8BBO je MBBBCTPBM8 B COBeTBBItBlla, ROj. ee Me~y 006011 rJlOZB.IlB. BBje BBsaRBO lIYAO, mTO CBB ODB Jl>YAB BBCY TpaZB.Ila DocpeABBRa y oBojOj AOIIOBBBI, BBTB ra rpaSH.IlB y CBOlIe Bap0t\y, BBTB y BapoABoj csynmTHBB, aero EO,ll. OBe BCTa Ilopre, EOjOj oy BaBBUH Aa npH6eraBajy eae cpncse. B.IlaAajyL a

6

n!tpTaje 0,11, BpelleHa BSrBaILa MBJloma O(SpeBOBBha.l:I saBCTa Y MapTOBCRUM 6pojeBUMa O(SOjBX 6eorp8ACRBX BOBBRa 0,11, re rOABHel) BSROBa nojaae ee 06BlIBB onBCB SBaBBlIBBX /l,OlleRa, RaUHa I uoaapaaa, Kojn je ucxaeraoaaaa cpnCKa BJlaA8 aoaora TypCRora soaeeape ETeM': namy, KOjB [e AOJlaSBO Aa noaapa epnese BJlaCTHIl£e; sera je nparao KaJly6-e4leBABja, 6BBmB npsa AparoMaH 6.1lBCTaTeJlBe Ilopre, a caAa IIBaaerap rprosaae. TYPCKB aoaeeap Ao~e Ba rpaHIl\Y Cp6Bje 11. MapTa B meer je AaBa nYTOBao npeso Cp6Bje ,11,0 npeCTOJlBBl\e. H>era cY cBYAa AOlleKBBaJlB ., carJJ.aCHO lLerOBOMe AocTojaHcTBY." Y CUOMe BeorpaAY AOlleRa.l1B cY ra RlhaaeBCKB lIBBOBHIl\B BapollBTo sa TO OApe~eHB, ynapa~eBa epnesa BOjCRa, BojBBlIRa 6aBAa, nYl\1L8Ba ronosa B rOMB.I1a CBeTa. CYTpa AaH no AOJlacKY ETen ~AY Y rpaA Aa ra nOBAPsBe ea Ao(SpoAom.l1Bl\OM: saaa , nonellBTe~B B cOBeTBBl\B. Y Aa~BM (SpojeBBlta BCTBX BOBIHa, 6B.I10 je 06jaB~eHo, RaRO je saaa, n06y~eB eaza~elLeM H Be.l1BKoAymHomhy sanoBeABo, Aa ee 06Jl060A6 npomJlOrOABmlL1J aaaepeaana : CTe4laH. CTe4laHoBHh, ITsBJle CTaHHmBh, ITSYB JaRKOBBh, II;BeTKO PajoBHh B MH.Ilom MPl\sj.l10BHh, a.l1H C TBM Aa ORB ZBBe BaH Cp6Bje. HOBBHe npekyrame , Aa ee OBO 06Jl0(S0~elLe HBBpmll.110 no BSXTeBSILY TypCKora Koncspa. Ilpohe jom HeKO.l1HRO ASBa B lIeTBpB lIJlSBS COBeTa: JOBSB BeJt.RoBHh, CTojaH JOBaHoBHh, AaBap ApooBBjeBBh B I'aspaao Jepeuh, RojB oy npe BeKora speseaa (SHU oAnymTeBB HS C.Ilyz6e, A06Bme npe~amlLa cBoja sBaHHja. 3a OBBM Ao~e npoaeaa y CKJlOny uHBCTapeTBa: BajBBAHBje .IIlfl\e Me~y BOBn 1lBBBCTpna 6eme 1l.11lja I'spamaaaa , MBBBcTap yBYTpamlLBx Ae.Ila, KOjB je nOAReo ETel.-namB Ty3£6y npoTBBy KlLaBa; ByUh naK npB1lB ee AS (SYAe npeAeeJl,BBK COBeTa. 0,11, npe~smlLBX lIBBBCTapa BeRB OAome y CO BeT , a BeRH y OCTSBKY. Me~y OBBlI. nOMeAILHlIa (SB.IlB cy Baj(SU3£B po~al\B KlLazeBe nopoaane, KSO lI.I1SH COB eTa Je4lpeM HeasAOBBh B npe~amlLB nonellBTe~ yHyTpsmlLBx Ae.l1s KocTa HBRo.l1ajeBBh.

Y BJlaAajYhD RpyroBlJMa Cp6Bje (Sejaxy y6e~eBH, Aa cy ee nOTnyBo eBB C.IlOZBU If nOl.HpB.I1B. Y YBOAHOll lI.I1aHIty "Cp6eKHX HOBBim"

I) .3BaBH1JUe BOBHBe BB.IIZeCTBa Cp6iec H .Cp6cBe BOBBHe.c ODe lie 6HT. 8a Bac BaBAa HOOp H8BemTaja 0 OBO. Bpe.eBY Boje oDHcyje.o.

7 R

o,lJ,l. AnpH.11a cTajame OBaRO "C.IlaBOMaBBje", Roj.. r.e.:daM,lflIIe

. \. . M ~ '"

HapO,lJ,Y ,ll,a jeae CTa.110 oBaile Y Rpyry BJ1a,lJ,BHoM." Bp'L B",-1;o, if! rr," ',,:,

nOB,IJ,paBio 6 XpHeTOe'L CnaeBTeJ1b ytJeHBRe eB08 I£a,ll,'L ee '11!,qPtVlB~~ l:t HbHXOBOit noaaio iIpBHit nyT'L nocae BaeRpea OBOr'L. "MBP'L B&J~t71l~H"l'r.;1' paaaese ee ,lJ,aHae'L H no HameM'L HapoAY. .,MBP'L Ban!" n03,1J,p~~,1' HaC'L nOrJ13BapB HamB, nOBpaTHBmB ee YBaitMHoit J1I060BB H T~B',; f. If.e~ye06Hoit. "1: ;"11' 1:

"MBJ1i6r'L rJ1aca Hen HapO,ll,y Cp6eROIt'L, Hero mTO 6 rJ1ae'L,r~Rfq HaIt'L AOHeme nOCJleAHt HOBBHe same, uae'L, ,ll,a ey ee pa3HmJ1H IIY~'~,,:; 06J1a1\B, ROB ee Ha,ll,'L oTaq6HHOII HamOIl'L noseme HaBJ1aUTB e'L Heo~1<'1 paaYIIJ1tHI, BaOTaBmera 6HBmer'L lIe~y nOrJ1aBapBJl3 SeJl3J1bORBIt'L. I;) /I

"TemRa 6 6PHr3, B60r'L OBor3 TyzHOr'L nOJlB3, 06Y3 .. 3J1a OB3'n POA0J1I06oa cp1\a op60Ra. CB3Riit 6 crpenio ,11,3 HapO,lJ,'L He AOna,lJ,He 3.113, "j ,IJ,& ee seliA I He YB3J1B y HeopeLy. Kor3 ryl Y6Ae Tait ee B rymTep3 ) 60B. HOTOpis 6 Ham3 nyHa Z3J100HBX npBllepa aeeaore I6~y BJ13,1J,ao- 1\ell'L H norAaBspn3 HapO,lJ,HBII'I>, nyHa 6 B6J1BRBX'L HeopeLa, 1£06 oy OTY,lJ,a nOOTH3aBaAe HapO,lJ,'L. flu ,lJ,aMe p0,lJ,0.uo6y 3aMepBTH, mTO ee O,lJ,aBaO neQSAB B cTpsxy1 AAB Y TOABRO ee oa,lJ,'I> oBaldi BeLlta o6pa,lJ,OBSO, B nosBBy: "Up'L B3K'L!" 0,ll,3BB& ee RABRTSIOLB rAMon CBeTe 1\pRBe: "C.N ,&,'H" trOlK6 COTBOPM rOC!l0A": B03p",&,1I8MC. M 1031'· CUMMC. n OH" ,. Pa,lJ,Y6 ee B BeOeAB Cp6BH'L, 6p'L BB,IJ,B, ,ll,a 60zis ,lJ,eCHB1\a nOlloa Ha,lJ,'L HtroBOI'L OTS1I6BHOIf.'L, BI,IJ,B, ,lJ,a Bors npoeiaaa Cp1\& HtroBBIl'L nOr.llSBSpUa R ynyLy8 BX'L Ha nyT'L IIY,ll,POCTB, H&

nyT'L enseeaia HSPO,lJ,HOl'a. •

"KT6l IlR6l Bor'L' Ko Le mTa Ra,lJ,'L Bor'L Cp6iIO QYBa 1 ••• "XBaJ1BJlo re R BeABlJaltO BeABRiit Boae l sa 6J1arOC.llOB'I>, ROB CR BMio Ha ,ll,pary Hamy Cp6iIO, nOBpaTRBmB JlI060BL I C.Ilory J(e~y norAaBape aanre! RAaHJIIIO ee R Bamoit IIY,lJ,pOeTB, ,lJ,OCTOitHB OT1\B OTa- 1IaCTBa! ltAaullo ee Bamell" eaaonperopeaaan B ,lJ,IBBIlO 6J1aropo,IJ,HoII'L, pe,lJ,ROJl'l> qYBOTBY naTpIOTeKOII'l>, 1£0 .. '1> ee YSBBCRCTe Ha 006011'1> CaIlua, H3,1J,'I> CBOU'L J1llJ1lBM'I> oeeLSHLBIIa! "TaRo Te1\HTe Aa nOOTBrHeTe !" To 6 nyT'I>, ROB 6 Bon 03HSQio ,lJ,S Cp6il ,ll,o~e ,lJ,O 1\eJ111 6 eB06. " TaUM jeBIRoII HanBcaHe oy 6BJ1e XBaA~ y epneull HOBIIHan; aAB HBje 6BAO cy~eBo Aa ee BcnpB JLBXHO upopoaaaerao.

8

1

I

• I

Ilpa CBell TOil cpnclta B.IIaAa npenyaeaa 6.11arOAapHoeTH npesa CBojUM nOMUpBTe,'I>HMR, HajMB sa ILUX sace6HY RyLy y eaMoj napoma , RYAa ee OHR H npeeese RS rpaaa , npakeaa R UOSApaBJbaBR cpnCSBM 'lHHOBHBQHKa H BOjCKOIl. 3a TBIl je 6RO ejajaH pYlJalt KOA ltlLasa y lJ3CT TYPCltBX Be.llBKamS, rAe je RS Ile~y oersaax sApaBHQa, HaURO IlHTpono- ' .IIBT Ilerap sApaBBQY ETeM-namu, a na,ma 6eorpaACltB OCMaH H8UBjC 3,11.paBRQY CBRlla cpncRRM UHOBHHQUII3. Itoncap He OCTaHe AylitaH Itapa~op~eBuLy, Hero B OH ,ll.aM cjajHY Beqepy ~)BaBBqHOM CHeTY 6eorpa,ll,CROM. Ilonro cy OBal£O HSMelhlt.llB Jby6asHocTR ea epUCKOIl B.IIaAOM, ETell-nama OAe RS Beorpaaa 15. AupH.Ila, a Ra6Y.ll-e~eBARja y Bell, O,ll,aR.IIe RaA ee apakao y D;apBrpaA 29-ra, caeraae ee oner enpeaCTaBHRQRIl8 epneae B.IIa,ll,e, ItOjR ra ynepaaaae, A3 Me~y nOr.llaB3pna ese eTojB ,,6.11arOnO.llYlJBo". AO.llltSaR rypesax lJRHOBHHlta somrao je cpneKy Racy 4000 AYR. Ho ey sa TO 3. Maja IIsam.lle AonYBe saROBY 0 APJltaBHOM COBeTY, Rojna ee paaaapaaa npasa COBeTa. TaRo 11. np. Ham.110 ee sa norpedao , Aa ee nonYHH 6poj lJ.IIaHOBa DO mTO YCTaB Hape~yje ( 17); UOTaHRO je 6110 oApe~eH aaxaa aarpare BaA lJ.IIaHOII COBeTa, ROjll 6B 6uo ORpUBJbeH y APJltaBHOM npeeryny ; a TaRO IICTO nOTaHRO je aape~eHO, saeo he ee CYAIITII cOBeTHHltY; y Ito. Myqajy cOBeTY ,II,aBaJlO ee upaso ,II,a mase 0,11, cBoje erpaae no ABa ,II,enYTaTa y' KacaQBOHH 0YA, na qaK Aa CO BeT Moze npeueAaTB penese ltacaQROHora cYAa as CBOMe nOTnYBoII cKyny, y npBcycTBy ORpRBJbeaOr II, aeroaax 6paHBOQa na R TaAa OKpBBJbeHR Beh C3IlBIl COBeTOll Ilorao ee Ty.lltBTB Ilopra, R ca.o lLeSRHO peneae sa lLera je 61.110 o6e.BesHo; ,II,aJb6, 6B.11o je OrpaBH'lJeHO KlLaJiteBO npaao O,ll,6a~BBa.lLa npeJl,JlaraHHX COBeTOIl RaHAB,II,BTa sa q.llaHOBe COBeTa: aao 6B COBeT B uoeae , nomTO je SILaB ABanyT O,ll,6a~RO npe,ll,.IIaraROr ltaH,II,BAaTa, II no TpeLK nyT ICTor npeaaareo , OH,II,a je RlLas xopao ,ll,a nOTIIHme ysaa, ROjBM ee BeTII nOCTaBJba sa COBeTRBRa; 6BO je orpaaasea ca CBB. YTBQaj MIIHBcTpa Ba cOBeT, II ca CRBM T~lJBO 6BO je OApe~eB R8lJ8B cy~elL8 1IHHBeTp8, ROjB 68 M'a Y lJellY aapynrao epnese BaRODe. Au eae OBe RSlleBe H nOKymajB sa BSIIHpeILe, yqBILeBB no,ll. YTBQajeM TYPCKDX ROMeeapa, OB.IIam ee Jl,aTaK.110 yHYTpamILBx paaaopa y Cp6BjB. Ilpes Aa ey OBe npoaeae B 6H.11e ynpaBJbeBe nporaay OHBX, KOjR eo eaeao APZ&JIB It8pa~op~eBBt.8 B npoTBBy OHe pacnymTeBocTB,

Koja ee y nocaeaae speae yByKJla y ynpaBy: oner sa. TO npBBpzeBBI\1I ItII.allt~BH'B npBCTa/IB~e etapora peaa CTBapB, RMSJl.B cy CBojy BehHY Y APlltaBBOM COBeTY, Kors je BJlRCT jom BRme 6HJla oeaaseaa BOBIM saKOBRMa. BOPHTH ee Y COBeTY nporasy crape napTaje C HaAalLeM aa ycnex, MHBHCTapCTBO [e MorJlO TeK eaao Y OHHM CJlYlJajeBHMa, ItaA cy H lbeNBB lJJlaHOBH YlJaCTBOBaJlB aa COBeTCItHM caCTaB~HlIa, UH je TO 6BBaJlO BeOMa peTKO H TO caBO OBAa, R3A ee nperpeeaaa HajB3&HBja APlltaBHa naraaa, TaKaB noaoza] napTaja y COBeTY HajBHme je Aoca~HBao BOBon npeAceABHKY COBeTa BYllHLy, ROjB Buje BaBJlRaO ,lJ,a ee nosoeapa BBlJBjOj BOJLH. OR HBje Morao rpnera norosopa He caao OA npBOTaJlH~a SH.aJIteBe nopoaane B ABopcnx BRTe~a, Hero lias HB 0,11, JLYAB, ROjB cy BlIme BJlII nlbe 6J1IIze CT3jaJIH K lbeMY no CBOjOj MPJltH.B Ha ABOPCKY napTajy. HaBHRBYBmll ee KpOB ABaAeceT rOABHa Aa ynpaBJLa BapOAOM, Aa PYROBOAII CBBMa BapOAH.HM nosperaaa H BenpeoTajyLH RpOB AeceTaR rO,lJ,IIBa AS Tepa onoslI~Bjy RJLaay II aeroaoj BJlaAH, BYllBh je rJl.eAao aa eaoje BosnOCTaBJleILe sa npeACe,lI,RBRa y COBeTY, sao Da sroARY npllJlBKy Aa npOAYZH OTapHHCltY 60p6y npoTIlBy KlLaaese BJlaCTH, CaMO mTl> je caAa HMao BRine YBepelba aa ycnex. PacnoJlozaj nas napTaja y cOBeTY HBje oaroaapao ILcrOBOM OlleltBBaILY. Mel,y onosH~HOHapHMa y cOBeTY, HHje 611.110 HB OC06B1'O AapOBBTHX, RRTH nOTnYHo BemTHX JLYAH, Da Roje 6II ee OR sorao OCJlOHHTIl II noysAaTH YMYllajy spajlLe norpeee ; aso 61 nas ILHX B 6H.1l0, BYlJllh ee aaje sorso m Ibna CJlOZHTB s60r eaora Ka.paRTepa.1heMY je 61.110 saoro yro,lJ,RHje 1 Jlasme Aa ee speke H paAH y eaaose RapOAY, na C Tora BerJleAajYhH Ra npOC.llaBJLeHO nOMBpelLe, OH je 6es npeeraao l£y,n,HO BJlaAY npa CB3KOj lLeHoj Hape,n,6B soja My BHje 6H.1la no BOJLI. PaAeLH CaHO no CBOj aapaaa if CBOMeo6ullajy, OB je aa ABa Mece~a nocae noaapeaa BeL 6YRHO HapOA, nocTynajyLB Beh nornyao Y AYXy JlH6epa.llRe napTaje, soja je Ze.IlI.llR Aa ee OAMS easoae aapoaaa cRynmTHHa, npeM,lI,a HBje r.IleAao Ra BapOARa npaaa OR3ltO, sao mTO je rJleAa.lla Jll6epaJlHa napraja , R npeMAa 1 caMB cBpmeTaR paAlLe sorao je 61TI cacn eynporaa lLerOBBM JlBlIHBM BBTepecua. BeL Apyror JYJlBja OB (lAe HR CMPAaH-Bapy, (6.11lsy J1osuB~e ROA ApHHe), H TOM npBJlIROIl JIOACTpeRaBao BapoA aa 6yuy

10

npOTBB deorpaAcRe BAaAe; aAB My CTBap Be BCDaABe sa PYROM,jep RapoABa napTaja jom BBje 6ua nOTDYBo enpesse sa paA.

HCTO TaRO BOBO MBBBCTapCTBO uje 6HAO 3aAOBO~BO, mTO je npeoBAa~BBua Y COBeTY ABopcRa napraja. HapaBBO, Aa je BajBBme Bllao YTBJtaja lIAaB BOBor MBBBcTap. HARja rapamaBBB, MBRBcTap yBYTpamlLBx AeAa. Y OBO A06a OBO je MBBBcrapoTBo ynpaB~uo rOTOBO CBua nOMOBua Y ltReZeDBHB. TaRaB SRa'laj TO je MBBBCTapCTBO saA06BAO 0,11, RaRO je saBeAeB YCTaB B orepaa Muom. MBBBOTapCTBY yUYTpamlLBX AMa nOSHaTe cy 61ue CBe paAlLe B uapeA6e APyrux MaOTH npeso ORPYZBIX H epeesax CTapemHBa H ILlIXBBX nOIlObBHRa, ROjBMa je 6no Y AY&ROCTB Aa 0 CBeMY-H sa CBamTa jaB~ajy CBOMe IlBRUCTapCTBY, M8 ee mTa AeCBAO Y OHH~ MeCTBMa, Y Rojua OBB ynpaB~ajy. Calla ynpaBa dBAa je RapaRTepa nMBItajcRor B npOABpaAa je y OBe rpaae APzaBBor H ,Bap-oAlLer ZBBOTa. MHBBCTapCTBO yHyTpamlLHx AMa BHje 6BAO CaIlO HSBpmyjYha B Bape~yjYha BUCT. llBROBRBItB MHRBcTapcTBa yRYTpamlLHx AeAa, oRpyzRe H epeese erapemane BMaJle cy npaao He CaMO caSBaTB B jaBHTB sa OBaROBpCRe Aora~aje, aero jom B lJBBBTB eYACRo HSMe~elLe. Ilpa ReAocTaTRY nOTnYRe ,ll,e06e BAaCTH, m'ro ee jom H O8Aa Moze BBAB y epneao] ynpaBH, MBBBCTapcTBo yBYTpamu,ax AeAa MOrAO je mBpBTH CBOj ynuB Ba paAlLy CBBjy APyrxx MHBBcTapcTaBa. Ha noMeny, y OBO apese Cp6aja jom BBje BMalla aaeeoaor nojeaor MlBHerpa s60r rota, mTO OBa, aao APzaBa nOAlJBlLeRa TYPCRoj, He oallO no BBm~elLy TYPCRe, Beh a no esponese AanllOMaItBje, Raje BMaAa npaBa Aa pasBlja CBOjy BOjRIlJlty oBary, jep ee APZMO AS TO BBje OarJlaCBO oa BpXOBBaM npaBBMa lIopTBRBIl. Bojolta je HMMa 08110 Taj SBa'laj, Aa 'lpa yBYTpamlLB peA H Aa nOllaze onmToj nOJlBItajHoj BJl80TB; eBO s60r lJera je BojClta 6ua nOT'lHlLeBa MIRHOTPY yBYTpamlLHx AMa. Ha TaRBHIl mupORBIl OOROBBMa cTajua je BJlaOT MURHCTapOTBa, ROjBIIl je ynpaB~ao HJlBja rapamaRUR. OR je llBlJRO 6uo jeAaR BS lIe~y RajonoOOdBBjU B BajBemTBjllX BumBX SBaBB'lRURa Cp6Bje. lIo RapaRTepy 6HOTap, enosojaa B O.OTpeH, OB HlrAa HBje ameo ORBIIl nYTOBHMa, Rojua je 6uo BUUR BYlIBh; aJlB npa OBeM TOM, lLerOBO Y'lemhe y AP:ataBRBM nOMOBDa Cp6lje, 0,11, 1839. rOA. RBje 6uo MaILe aero AB YlJemhe By1JBba; RO,ll. RapoAa 6BO je TaRO BCTO nOSHaT, a RO,ll. lJaROB-

HllmTBS 11130 je jom BehB SHSqSj B YTB~aj. H>eMY ey 61JlB nOSHaTII CBII AHnJlOMaTeI£H nOMOBH Cp6xje, jep je BHme nyTs 610 nOSBBaH ',11,& ILBMS ynpaasa, Au &SO eTspemBHa, OH ee npaao HajeTpoallju Ha'IBHa, Koje je HapaAB.IlS eapoucsa 6BpoRpaTlfja, 6BO je npBCTSJlH~a nOTnYHe ~eHTpa.llllaa~lfje onmre B MeCTHe ynpaBe. II y osoae nor.lleAY ILeMY ee lIUHH.IlO Aa cy HeSSROHBTe RSRO HHTpBre ,lI,BOpCKe TaRO HeTO B Te.lltILe HspO,ll,He nspTaje. II aR~ je ,lI,omao y eYR06 r npIlBpZellH~HMa_ B.ILalReBeKe B.I1aCTH, Roja ee Ba.llaSIIJlS OHAI Y pYRaMa Rnps\op\eBBLa, OR oaer HIIje Morao no esojoj npBpO,ll,1I II CBOjl1M y6e~eILBMa npaCTaTII ys If>YAe, ROjB cy ellaTpaJIB BpXOBHy B.IlSCT HapOAa name eBBjy APyrBX B.IlaeTII. lIs osors Be Tpe6a BSBecTB, AS je rSpamaBIIB y TO speae cTajso B paaao ycslllf>eHo : aa ejnpor , OH je KaKO no CBOjBM .IlBUIII eBojeTBHMS, TaRO a no SBalLY .. HHCTpa yHyTpamlLHX ,lI,M8 RopHeTBO ee OrpOMHOIl B.IlamLy, B 6es rserosor aenoepeaaor BJlII nOCpe,ll,BOr Y'lemLa He 6B 6B.I10 MoryLe HSBpmBTB OHAa HBRaKaB yHyTpamILH npespar y Cp6UjB. Y CnOIf>HIIM nOMOBlnla ,lI,pzao ee TypeKe B UMBO ,lI,a ee He Iloze OAK.IlOHBTB YTu~aj Ilopre s60r aeeaore Roja nocTojll y Rpyry epnese BAIAe.

Jom S& spese 6aDIf>eILa y Beorpaay ETell-name, npBlIeTB.I10 ee AS HspO,ll,Ha nspTBja Hella sepe y TO SBaHBlIHO nosapese. TaAa je 1IHBOBBlllIRa nspTaja, Koja je o,ll,pzua n06e,ll,y Ha,ll, KILaSOIl B ILerOBl11I nonexaTeIf>HMS, OnpellBJla HeRO.llBKO AenYTa~Bja sao 0,11, HapOAa,,lI,a BajaBe noaepeae cnps. Hape,ll,a6a ITOPTIIHII II paAlLe aeSBHora soaeeape. A.IlB ee 6am OH,lI,a Ham.110 y BeorpaAY HeRO.llBRO llJla\HX If>YAII, OM8ILBX 1IHHOBHBKa, KOJB ee YU.I1B HaYRau y Espona; OHB ee ynHy Aa OABpSTe cBoje cyrps\aHe 0,11, aBXOBe aaaepe, soja je nO,ll,eTaSHYTa BS JlBHBeTapeTBa yHyTpamlLBX M.Ila II liS COBeTa, RaKaB je 6BO y HOBon eRJlOny, B ,lI,a He Tpsze npasane ROA TypeKor R01l6Capa. OBB IISHeHa,ll,Blf nporsnHII~II aBaHBlIBe onoslI~Hje RlLasy ROjU HBey 6B.I1H y jaBBoj eBa\B m 1L0Me y6e\aBaJlB ey HIPOA, Aa TpazB Sa,llOBO.l1eILa eBojo zelf>&Ils B o.l1aKmll~y Ter06aM8 y HapO,ll,Hoj cKynmTBHB. Aa ee OeTBSplI OBSj n.l1aH nonra.l1e ey B BeRe HOBne epnese, soja cy TS,lI,a BB.I1aSB.I1e y AyeTpBjll, re ee a60r Tora nojaBe y 6eorpaAeKo HOBBHaMa npueA6e, Kojua ee IIm.l1O Ba TO, ,lI,a ee eTaBe Ba nyT arBTBpalLY y KopHeT C8aBBaILa BapO,ll,He eKyn-

11

12

mTBRe. Pa3.11BRa y r.l1e,lJ,BmTY.Ba TOR eTBapB 8S Ile~y rocnO,ll,apehe nap-

- I •

TUJe Bumux lIJIBOBBBRa B OBKX A.YAH, ROJU ee CTapa.l1B ,lJ,a pa,ll,e Y BIle

RapO,lJ,a, Baj60A.e ee or.l1e,ll,a Y osoxe C.Ilyqajy. OBB M.I1a~1 A.Y,Il,U APzehB \ ,lJ,a ey Bo~e OnOSBl\uje npOTBBy Kapa~op~eBRlla, H.ll.Bja rapamaBBB H BY'IIUh, rOTOBB ,Il,a sajeABo m ILna cTaRY Da nYT ,lJ,aA.ell lIemalLY Typese Y yByTpamlLe paaaope epnese, ROjB cy BSaSBaRB 6B.I1B Ma60mhY Rapa~op~'eBBha, npeA.I10ze rapamSBUDY ,lJ,a B ODU Jlte.lle ,lJ,a u,Il,y y jeft,BOj ,lJ,enYTal\l!ju TypCROM ROMeCapy U Aa lIy aa nBClleBO npe,lJ,eTaBe eBoje &eA.e. Ilperonope 0 TOile BO,lJ,UO je e rapamaBUHOII MBJlOBaB~ JaHEOBHh, 60Bmu OHAa eesperap y MHHUCTapCTBY 4lUH3Hl\uje. I'apsraaaaa HesRajyLB

~ ROMe CIlBC.IlY cMepajy npujaTeA.U JaBEOBHhS Y'_UlRBTU Ty npe,lJ,6TSBSY KOMeeapy, OAoCipB ILBXOBy Buepy, nonrro ra noeaaerosao, Aa Y TOile nuelleHOM aRTY CTaBe Y nO'lleTKY; "nOBepUTe.l1BO" BO Y eBaKOII C.IlYlIajy sallOAR Aa lIy ee Bajnpe Ta npeeraasa nposara, mTO je U Y1JBlLeHO. Ta npeCTaBKR 6B.I1a je 4l0PMa.l1HU npOTeCT npOTHB TypCKora llemSlLa Y yBYrpamae noeaose epnese. Ys TO 6u.I1o je 06jamlLeBo, Aa AenYTal\uje, Roje ee jaBA.ajy Koneapy ea zu6axa u saneBajy ,lJ,a ee TypCRa lIema Y epnese noeaose HHCY npeACTaBHBl\B HapOAa, Hero noje,ll,HBUX, npUBaTHBX A.YAH jep BapO,lJ, ee Sa1£01lRTO npeACTaBA.a CaMO npeso HapOAHe cKynmTBHe

, .

H se.aA.CRUX BJlaCTU. RaA je fapamaHBlI caCJJymso OBY H3jaBY, 'II18U.IIO

ee Aa ee CarJlamaBaO m 1L0lle a.l1l1 noeae npa caCTaHKY e JlUl\Blla, ROjU cy JltCJlB.IIa Y'IIeCTBOBaTU y TOj AenYTal\uju AOKaSUBao n je, ,Il,a HUje nOTpe6e Aa ORB HAY ROMecapy, jep he OH caM ea CBOjDll ApyrOBUMa CBpmBTU CBe, mTa Tpe6a. RaA ee 06paTU lLe.y JaHROBHh H sanara, ,IJ,& IIY ee OAeYAHO Raze: Aa.l1u OH 0,lJ,06paBa ILHXHY Ha"epy, rapamaBBH Be nopuIJyLH npsane nBCMeBY npMcTaBKY CaBeTOBaO je , Aa Ty npeACT&BKY He ,Il,ajy ETeM-namB. OArOBop I'apamaaaaoa M.I1MB .IIu6epa.l1u pasyu.llB cy raso : AS I'apamasaa H lLerOBU ApyroBu HUCY Huepuu npeCTaTH TpaZBTB OC.llOHl\a KOA Ilopre, B Aa He A6.IIe ILUXOBO MBmseae 0 RapOAILHM npaBBlta; a B.IIaAUBe BapeA6e, soje cy u3/1,3Ue no OA.I1asKY lto.eeapa jom cy ax 60A.e 0 TOMe yBepHJle.

~YAU, RojB ey TaAa eaCTaBA.aJlU JlB6epa.l1uy napTajy, BMaJIU cy Blme nYTa npU.I1URe Aa AO~y y AOAUP C BapOAOII. HeRU cy 0,11, ILUX YQaeTBOBa.l11 jom Y pa,ll,ILR, TaRO uaSB8He "ApyzuHe epnese I.Jla,lJ,ezl"

13

(OCROBaHe 15. JYR. 1847 roa.): ,ll.pyrH cy 6H.II.H aa Be.llBKojRapO,ll.Boj CItynmTHBB Y Kap.llOB:O;HMa, KOjy oy ,ll.PZ,aJJ.B Cp6B BojBo~aRB 1. Maja 1848 ro,ll.. ; ReItIl cy oner BSam.II.H sa r.ll.ac mTO cy nBCa.1111 npeaeranse RapO,ll.BHM nOC.llaBIID;HMa sa speae Ilerposcse oRynmToe (y n01feTRY Jy .. ufja 1848 roa.); MRorA oy Y1faCTBOBa.ll.H Y cRynoBBJIla II ROMBClljan saje,ll.BO 0 6eorpa~aHHMa 1856 roa. Y MeA esera oaora OBII oy 6H.IIH y SHaqajHBM cseaaaa ca BapO,ll,lLBM ,/bY,lI,HMa RaKO y caMOMe Beorpaay, TaRO, B y YHypamlLocTB Cp6Bje. Jy.llllja aeeena ORB ee perne Aa aenoepeaao Y'rDqy na aapoa, II y TOj D;eJLB nBca.llHcy cBojn npHjaTeJLBMa HS pas.11111fHBX ospyra H nOSBBa.llD BX Aa AO~y aa caeraaas y apeae naBa~ypa, ltOjH he 6HTB Y MHorBM MeCTHMa 15. ABrycTa, re aa pscapoerapy y BapO,ll,y sacao , 0 nOTpe6H eaaasana aapoaae cRynmTHBe. Ilpasezaaje 0,11. ,lI,pyrHx pa,ll,B.II.B cy y OBOMe CMHC.II.Y: BHmeonoMeBYTH MH.II.OBaB JaB(£OBHh, ROjB [eamao Ta,ll.a y ospyre 6eorpa,ll,CItH, CIe,ll.epeBCItH H noaapeBa1fRII ; JOBaB II.IIBh, KOjH je amao y oapyre npaopessa B ltpajHBcI£H; PaBI£o A.11HMnHh y oltpyr ma6a1fltB, Je41peM rpyjDh pa,ll,DO je YCaMOMe Beorpaay , a no ,lI,pyrBM ORPYSBM8 oner Bm.llll oy ,lI,pyrB. BeKH cy 0,11. lLBX MBMB.IIH, ,lI,a rpetla CK.II.OHBTK HapO,ll., Aa ca Bamapa npaane o,ll,e y Beorpaa aa onmTY cRynmTBHy; a Bo~e rora nospera npeacraaaae 6B rapamaRKBY , ,lI,a je Re06xOABO S3AOBOJLBTB aspoaae zeJLe re TaRO 15K oaMa B.II.a,ll,a OaSB3.11.a cKynmTKBY, nOCpe,ll,CTBOM Itoje 15K A8.11.8 SaKORBTB OCROB TOile 1fIlT8BOM nospery.

, A.II.H Bel. B y SBaBHqBHM RpyrOBBMa y Kojna Baje 6BJlO More, II alto je 6H.11o npUBB,II.Ba USMBpeIDa, noseaa oy Aa roaope 0 oKynmTHBB. Iloaessa je BJ1f~h rOBopDO 0 cRynmTKBH, ,ll.a ce ORa MOr.lla CMaTpaTK sao MorYhHa CTBap. Ho I'spamaaaa je paADo exorpeaaje. Jom 26.

~

JYRBja, OB je nocsao npeSH,lI,Bja.lle ORpyZBHM Ha1feJlBB:O;HMa, y Rojna

saxreaa O,ll, lLUX, ,ll.a My [ase, RO.llBRO je jaRa Ta JlteJLa BapO,ll.Ba,ll.a ee caaoae CltynmTBRa. O,ll,rOBOpU oy 6B.IlH BehRBoH y ROPBCT oRynmTBBe. A.II.H oner , sBajyLH, ,lJ.8 Ite npeaaor 0 caSHBafLY aapoaae csynmraae Be 08MO nO,ll.KhH BeJlRRY .IlapMy ROA 1f.llaBOBa saaaeae nopO,IJ.B:o;e B ,ll.BOpCRe napraje, aero he jom BsaSBaTD npoTeoTa:O;Bjy 0,11. erpaae rypese , -OB ce YS,II.pJlt8BaO ,ll.a Taj npe,ll..Ilor nomeee COBeTY. Me~y TBIl, npB c~pmeTRy Jy.11Bja Belt je 6BO eaapeo naaa JlB6epaJlse napTaje. TIpeM,lI,3, CBe no-

14

jeABHocTB H BBCY 6ue nOSHaTe rapamaHHHY, &.I1R je Y omare saso 3a Taj nasa. Ha CROPO B C3n 'I.I1aBOBIl BapOAB6 napT&je peme Ce Aa cTyn~ Y nperosope c r&pamaBBHO •• ABrycTa 7. RaA cy HeRB 'I.I1aBOBB re napTaje Ba BOBO OTBm.llB Y YBYTpamlLOCT Cp6Bje, 6BO je nOMaB UBBCTPY 'I.I1aH HapOABe napTaje PaDRO A.I1nnBL, Aa ra CMOBR A& noaaeee npeA.I10r COBeTY, 0 C3SRBau.y cRynmTRBe. To. npB.I1RRo. A.I1onBL npeAcTaBB IBBBCTPY, RaRO je uoro BeL ypa\eBO, Aa ee Y BapOAY nospeae UeBO 0 nOTpe6B csynmTBBe. rapamaBHH 06eLa, Aa Le cYTpaAaB 0 roae aoaeerapaaroeop Y COBeTY. Ku.as TaAa Be 6ejame Y BeorpaAy;·jom 30. JY.IlBja OB je OTBmao Y YHypaWu.ocT Cp6Bje. 8. ABrycTa rapamaBBB OAe Y COBeT, Y RO. je .e\y CeS{)eTapna 6110 jeAaH OA Bajsa&BBjBx 'I.I1aBOBa .IlB6ep&.llBe napraje , JeBpeJl rpYBL, B noxae rOBopBTB COBeTBBl\na, RaltO BeL oAaBHo neo BapoA :ate.llB Aa ee eaaoae cRynmTBBa, RaRO ee re :ateAte npeTBOpH.I1e C3AR y aenocpemo aaxreeaae, RaRO je cTBap BeL AOT.I1e Aom.l1a, Aa Tpe6a B.IlB casBaTB cRynmTBBY, B.I1B npeAJ38TB BSBaBpeABe upe cTpOrOCTB Aa ee OAP:atB peA Y ae ...... B: "pasUMBTe A06po,« BanoMeTRY pesae I'apsmaaaa: ".O&e.O.l1B IB no ABpb BapOA BOBO :atpTBan B BOBO. CTpaAau.y; no .o.e um.l1elLY 6uo 6B Doro naKeTHlIje MSBaTlI cRynmTlIBY, Hero .1111 ynoTpe6BTB BSBaBpeAKe .epe.« TIpnpaeBBI\B Kapa~op~eBBLa B 'I.I1aBOBB ABopCRe napTaje, C3CTaBAtajyLB BeLBHY y COBeTY, nOllBY ee OAynllp&TlI TO. npeA./lory IBHBCTpa, B COBeT ee paSB~e Be peiaaama TY CTRap. TapamaBBH rors BCTor AaBa pasamAte paenae oRpyaBBJ: Ba'le.llHBl\na y ROKe o j&BAt&, Aa je noaaeo COBeTY npM.I1or, 0 easBBau.y HapOAKe cRynmTBBe; &.IlB RaRO je OBO nBTau.e Beo.a Ba:atHO, na ra Tpe6a CBeCTpaHO B6nBTBBaTB, TO oRpyua HalleJlBBIllTBa BeRa ee cTapajy Aa npeAynpe,il.e &eJLe BapOAu.e B Aa BapOA 6MOBe Aa ee erpns. To je BCTO OB CBeTOB&O JOB&BY H.IlBLy B APyru 1I.IlaBOBUa .IlB6epa.l1Be n&pTaje, ROjB ey nO.l1&SB.I1B Aa enpe.ajy BapoA sa cRynmTBBy. OBB npHBp:ateBBl\B esynmTBHe llBe&.IlB ey C nYTa rapamaBBBY 0 onmTe. paeno.l1ozajy BapoAa npen cRynmTlIBB, RaO B 0 roae , Aa ee no BapoAY pasaeo rase 0

,

npeA./lory IBBBCTpOBO. cOBeTY, Aa cy OBB r.l1aCOBB npoyspoRoBa.l1B y

BapoAY Ao6ap YTIIC3R, II sajeABo 6 Tn y6e~Ba.l1H IBB1I6Tpa, Aa ee Be ll.Ilao aBapXllje, aRO 6B ee KapoA 6Rynllo B BenOSBaH Ba 6RYllDlTHBJ

15

yBepaBajyltB ra npITOI., A8 BeLe BBKOKe ~a.llITI HI RYRypYSHOr spas, BeL aanporaa, OBaKaB nORpeT y BapoAY 1I0&e caitO nOAnOI.OhH MHRICTapa Aa ycnemHlje ISpRAI peaeae COBeTCRO 0 C8SIBaILY eRynmTIBe. Me\y TIl. saas je nYTOBao no Cp6ljl, I TOI. npI.IlBROI., RaA 00 6aBIO y RparyjeB~y, noeerao je BYl.6apeBo-6pAO, MeeTO SRaTHO C ICTOPljCRIX ycnOl.eBa, jep je y roae MecTY, npa Rpajy xvn CTOJb. nsrpasp ApceHlje lJapHojeBlh ICRynlo epee I m lLua ee npeeeaao y AyeTpljy; sa OBRK eapae y RapaROBa~, rAe lIy je 610 eapeasea cjajaB AOlleK I noeera AIBOTaB eDOMeUR crape epnese eaaae Rp8..ILeBeRI J.aB&CTlP mlllY. Y nOBpaTRY sa Beorpsa sayeTaBI ee y TonoAI y CBOMe BMalLY I MeeTY eBora po\elLa. OAaB.IleH Banlme nlCI.O rapamaHIHY, y ROMe ra sops sa. TO, mTO aAI.BBleTpa~lja UBBCTapCTBa yByTpamlLlIX AMI Benp8AYSBI.Jbe BIRaRBe sepe Aa eraae HR nyT r Jl&COBRKS, RojB ySBenpaBajy BapOA; Ite\y TBI., RparyjeBallR8 OKpy3tBI BlI.lIe.llH8R, jaBI I'apamaUBY, Aa je RIL~S BaltOpaB KaRO Ao\e y Beorpaa Aa 0AnyeTB CBe .IBHeTpe. ABopCRa nspTaja psenpoerapaae je no Beorpaay OBaRBe enaerse: ByuL je, SBaTe, OAaB Typ~BMa, a I'apamaaaa ~paH~yeBlla I He,ll,a,ll,Y eaMOMe Rlbasy Aa caaoae cKynmTIHy; y TO aero speae jeAas po\aR Rapa\op\eBBh8, ROjl je 3tMIO Aa ClteTe rapamaHIHa e MHHleTapeTB8 yHyTpamlLBx Ae.ll8, AO.lla310 je rapamaHIBY II npeA.Ilarao My .eeTO npeAeTaBHlRa I nOnelJBTeJba errOJbamlLnx nOMOBa. Ilpeaa OBaRBOM CTalLY napTaja, JlBHICTPI cy I can AO.llaSl.IlB B8 Mleao, AS AaAY oeraase I TaRU BallBBOM Aa ee uoapare y COBeT. Y TOM 23. ABrycTa KlLas ee BpaTB y Beorpsa I pasroaapao 00 e I'epamaaaaoa 0 OABOmajlM.a MBBBCTSpcTBa upen eosery , na Ity H caM npeA.llOJitI MeCTO npe,ll,CTaBBIRa. Iloeae Ayzer AoroBapaILs, I'apamanaa BsjaBI Aa Le npBllBTI TO sBauje, a.llB C TOM noroA60M, Aa eall Bs6epe oaora, RO he Aa sacTynB lLerOBO .eeTO y 1IHBaCTapeTBY yHyTpamlLBx AMa. Raps\op\eBHL Banpella~ O,ll,6Bje Taj YMOB. OB je RaO B.Il3Aajyhl RlLas 6BO y lIYABoBaToJil nO.llo:ar.ajy: ISpoj lLerOBBX apanpaeaasa 8S AaBa y AaB amao je Ba MaILaK; BljBepBljl cy SaooAaB&.IlI y eOBeTY, rAe ey I eaCTaBJb8JlI BebBBY. R8A ISH KlLas xreo 0,11, ILKX Aa eltJIOUH HHBHCT8PCTBO, Tn 61 oMa6Bo cBojy napTajy y eOBeTY, a Aa He rOBOpHI.O 0 rose, mTO ISH TaRBa npOlleBa npOTBBOMOBH.Ila noupelLY, saUY1l6BOII e nOMOhY

16

TYptUX SOBeeapa. OCT&MajyLB UBBeTapCTBO y pyUMa CBojax'npoTBBURa, KJLaS BBje 6BO DBUB 06es6e\eH 0,11. DOBOr& lLaxOBor _ opeA.IIora Y SOplCT HapoAHe csyomTBBe; .CTBua, COBeTCU Behua loua je oner BeLHBOB U&WBa OA6BTB Taj npeaaor , &.liB 6B ee TU nODOBB.Ila ope\amlLa saMAa. Y oBaue .. HYTe Kapa~op\e"8lL. je npeACTaMaO OOYll.a.BB npasep sa B.IIaAaOIJ,e, soj. oACTyoe OA esor HapOJl,a • Tpaze noKoLB BSBaB cBoje aease.

Me\y TU OKPYZH. B&lJe.IIBBIJ,B HaHOBO cy OOe.llU. y IBHllcrapcTBO JDyrP&DUIX Ae.lla TaRBe B3BemTaje, AIL ee uje Bame 10UO rYIlLaTB 0 ZM. BapoAIL Aa Ao~e Ba CKyHmUHy. qJlaHoBB JlB6epaJiHe erpsase yenemuo cy BSBPmB.llB CBOj ooeao. Y BapO,ll.y He CUO A3 ce saxTeBa.110 A3 00 eaaose csynmTHBa, nero ee jom jaBHo rOBOplJlO 0 BeooxoAHOCTB BpaTBTB 06peHOBIILe. Y HemTuoaHD SaOBCK&U jeAHora OA HajHeopaeTpacHBjBx npBBpzeBB!'& saraaae ,II.BHILcTBje, CTeBlIe MlxajJlOBna, KojB je BpmBo 3uaTHY y.llory sa apese CBeToaBApejeBcRe cRymnTIHe, OOBC Aora\aja 1858 rOA. nOllBlLe ee OBaUI peua: "OBe rOABHe, e UI cal rOA 0/\ Cp6a noaeo paaroaop 0 06peHOBBLBn, CRaSI ee paaosao B rOBopBO n:

"A.II3 6B TO 6B.1la epeka Aa ee sorOA OABaZB Aa ax oOBpaTB; laJleH je 6poj OHn, RojB 6B ee TOle OPOTBBB.IIB, Hero 6B CBI Op&eTa.llH ys oaora , SO 6B ee opHXBaTBO sa Taj noeao." Ja eal 0 rose rosopBO ea OO.I.&IJ,lla, e SleTOB.la, ea CBemTeHBIJ,.la, ea llIHOBHBIJ,Bla, & HajlJemLe C TprOBIJ,BKa, HapOllBTO C npBeHBI TprOBIJ,Da, soj. ,cy y HeopeCTaBOB AO,/.lBpY ca BapO,ll.OI, • CBB cy U OArOBapaJIH rOTOBO jeAHO a .CTO. 0 OBaRBOI CTalLY CTBapB jaB.t.aO eal npeso BepBBX .a.y,II.. RlLasy MJlAomy, soj. je T3Aa aBBeO y BJiamsoj, • slLasy MaxaB.llY y IIBILHKB (y Maoapcsoj), 3.IIB OHB RaO AIL 0 TOBe H.ey umTa XTe.IIK 3HaTK. II Ho npBBpZeUIJ,I 06peHoBBL.& BOpa.IIB cy jom OlleSKBaTH Aa ee pellUl OKTalLe 0 BapO,ll.Boj csyomTBHR. HanoueTsy 3. CenTeK6pa rapamaBBB OOABece oaoaCBeBO npeaaor 0 TOBe Y OHmTY ceAHBD,J COBeTa. Y cueBO je OB rosopso , Aa HapO,ll. ry6B sepy y B.IIaAY, mTO Be BBAB HapeA6e, Aa ee casaBa csyomTIHa, a nOSKBaO ee Ha Ao61Bfue BSBemTaje OSpyZHKX Halle.llUK&; oBCleBO je DpeA.llarao "Aa ee OBTaILe 0 casBBalLY BapOABe csyomTBHe mTO tipae BpefJIeAa B paD, a HIL OCHOBJ Tora pemelLa Bac01l&jme oAo6pe np1L-

BB.I18, 0 Ca6T8BY-R pe,ll,y CltynmTBHe." IIoc.I1e HeRO.l1HRO npne,ll,a(Sa, COBeT pema: Aa ee easoae easo Ta jeAHa cRynmTRHa. HeMoryLH ee Aa~e npoTRBBTU USpO,ll,HJnl .lI£e~alll.a, B.I18,l1,a B cOBeT CMBC.Ile ,lI,a BX OrpaHB1Ie TaRBBM npSBB.IlUa, Roja (Su Ba.ll£B.Ila caMO sa Ty jeABY cRynltITHHy. COBeTHBI\H, ROjB ey C8CTaB~a.llH BehBBY, SHaJlll cy Belt, Aa Ite saaa nOTBPABTB pemese COBeTCltO, aRO y TOMe peme!bY 6YAe roaopa callo 0 TOj jeAHoj cRynmTHBB; C rora je y TOj HCTOj Ce,ll,HHI\B (SB.Ila Bsa(Spaua B ROMBcRja, Roja Ite uan'HeaTH npanaaa aa Ty cRynmTBHy. Y ROIlHCBjy ey (SB.IlB· O,ll,pC~eHB: TIpe,ll,Ce,ll,BBlt caBeTa BY1IBh, sao npeACe,ll,BHR; salI.1laBOBe - CBa 1IeTBpB .none1IBTe~a: I'apaeraaaa, U;pB06apaI\, MaraSHBOBBh If Be~ltOBBh; If OA COBeTDBRa: .ilasap, ApeeHBjeBBh (Baraaaas), JepeMBh, AI\BRa, HeDaAoBBh H MajcTopoBBL; a sa eesperapa ROMBCBje Jewpell rpYBL. OBaj nOC.lle,!J.ILH, no' OBAamlDHIl nojMOBBMa y Cp6BjB 0 eeRpeTapCEHH ,lI,Y.ll£HOCTHM8, cnpesao je aeror AaHa npea.IIor aasoas 0 IlKynmTBBIf, earaaeea ca .lI£e~allR .IlH(Sepa.llHe napTaje, ua OIlBOBY sora ~H 1I.IlaBOBB KOMBcuje MOr.llH BspaABTu caMB saKOD. RlLss nOTBPAB pemeae eosera , 0 1IeMY je eYTp8,l1,8U 6H.1lo [aaseao y 6eOrps,II,CRBM HOBRHaMa, a nOne1I.IITe~ yHyTpamlDHx Ae.ll8 jaBB 0 TOKe OKpyZDBM Ua1IC.IlHBIlBMa.

ROJ:BcBja je npaa nyr Blla.lla CBOj eaeraaaa 5. Oenr. RaA cy 1I.Ila-

. BOBB n01Ie.IlB nperpeeara Taj eesperspesa npeaao»; Beh B callnpBeTyn aeroe BsaSOBe npenapsy. Y n01IeTKY je 6H.I10 peseao: »Cao(Spaar.aBajyhH ee 06H1Iajy BapO,ll,HOM, KOju 0,11, cTaplfBa noeroja , AS ee Hapo,ll, Ha~ O,ll, apeseaa HR apese eRyn~a Ha CKyllIDTlIHy no pa,ll,B C8BeTOBaIDS 0 omareDSPOABBM ,lI,eJlua, If aaaaaeba, AS ynpRJltIDRBaffie osora o6u1I,aja YC.llOB~aBa I\e.llUCXOAHOCT y Te1Iajy ,lI.e.llS aesaseaax, MB CliO pemaaa , AS ee casone sapoma cRynmTHBa., na no TOMe CMO onpe,ll,e.l1B.II.H H onpe,ll,e~aBaM.O osaj saKOM 0 cltynmTHHB." Je,ll,aB 0,11, Daj6.IlH:lItBX po~aR8 ltID8ar.eBBX, AI\HRa HeHa,ll,OBBh BsjaBH TOM npBJ1BItOM cnoje M.Hm~elDe, ,lI,a He Tpe6a rOBopBTB 0 DapO,ll,Hoj .lIte~B, jep6B re pesa ,lI,8.1le npaaase Aa ee rosopa, Aa je MaAa npBIlOpaHa,ll,a TaRO paAH ; 6o~e 6B 6H.11o peka , ,lJ,a je B.I1aAa Dam.llS sa Ao6po eaasara CltynmTHHy. Au Ra,ll, na OBO npBMeTII .ilasap ApceHBjeBHh, KOjH je nOSBaT ea npBRyn~alDa MaTepHa.Jla sa HCTopUjy Rapa~op~a: »HHje raso ! cltynmTlfHa je y 06H1IajBMa II y ,lI,yxy

C' •• ~A BOOB DA •• O. "'A. 2

17

18

HapoABOI., AaKJle Tpe6a peLH, Aa 11K xoLel.o TeR AI BcnYHHlto Taj cTapBHcRB BapoAlbH 06BlIaj; BB CBB saare, Aa je HapoA B Y HajcTapBja speaeaa, B Y HOBO A06a sa Rapa\op\a H sa BAIAe Rlbasa MBJloma cacTajao ee Ra cRynmTBRe, rAe cy pemaBaHB nOMOBB cBaRe BpcTe-" lIJlaBOBB ROMBcDje npBcTaRY Aa ee CTaBB oBaj npBcTyn y saROB <Ses BSUBe. Ilaean npeAJlora, RaRO ee BHAB, Ze.llDO je, Aa 6YAe aspeseao y cal.OJ:6 npBcTyny saRoHcKOM, AS ee HapoABa cl£ynmTBRa Be OCSBBa Ba BanBcaHDII saROHHMa, soje je OHAamlba saROHOAaBBa BAaCT ]lOUR BJlB He BS,lI.aTB, B.IIH DS,lI.allmH H oner YHHmTBTH, Hero AS ee OCHBBa Ba 06BlIajHol. npaaj , soje AO.llaSH DS aapoaaax nOTpe6a H aRBB y HapoAROj cseera, Roja aenpeeraane TeZB Aa ee OCTtBapB TO npaao. Ilomro je 6HO npBMJLeH npaerjn, nospeae ee nnalbe: Aa-JlB Tpe6a AS Ao\e y aasoa, Aa Le ee cRynmTBHa caSIIBaTH peaonao H npaBBAHO- CBARe roABRe7 rSpamaHHH B HeH3A0BBL peKBY, AR OB8j saKOH name ee caMO sa OBY CItynmTHHY, a 0 APyrBM cl£ynmTBHRMa Be Tpe6a HH rOBopHTB. Ha OBO cal.o ByllHil npBMeTH: "E! sap xokeso oner Aa BapaMO HapoA7 To Heile BlaH na A06po. u 3a OBBIt HaCTaHe onmre LYTalhe Roje npesane r'apamaBBH pellJ.a: "E na AaJLe! U Ho npB esea TOM, nBT8lhe 0 npaBHAHOM caSBB8ILY cRynmTHHe 6B.1lo je HaHODO nORymaHo Ha. caCTaHRY ROMBcHje, cJLeAeLer AaHa. Y caMOM nOlleTRY caCTaHRa Jepelf.HL je noseo rOBopHTH: "HeMojTe,ll,a OAJlaZeMO, Hero jom caA pemaao B BS,ll,ajllo saROH, AS cRynmTBHa Mopa 6uBaTB CBaRe rOABBe.« HeHa,lI,OBBL ee CTa-pao Aa ra saAPZH 0.11. rors AOR8ayjyIaH Aa "ROHBcBja He MOlite BB BeLaTH 0 TOMe, HBTH pemaBRTB Ty CTBa p, jep onpeaeaeae COB eTa B Rlhaas aeao BeJlH, Aa ee CItynmTBna caaBBa caMO sa oBaj MaX, B Aa ee TeR 0 Iboj B BMa Aa BSAa SaltOH. U Ha OBO lIy JepeMBL noxae rOBopBTH:

"Bam BBje raso! Hesa TO peme COBeT B Ribas, RaAa BIl 00 nomeee: a Bam je noeao Aa npeAJlO3tHMO OHaRO saao 6H Tpe6aAO ABo 6YAe y saROBY.« Ilonesares 41BHaHcHje BeJLRoBBh nOXHT8 Aa ra YTemB: " Be60j ee, HR cRynmTBHB he can nOMaHHnH saXTeBaTH npso TO; U a ByuL ,lI,O,ll,a: "Ja hY liM npaa sasara, Aa ce Be pasB\y, AOR TO He A06BJy. u ITOjRBB ee jom OBO nBTalbe: Mory-AB COBeTBBnB II nOnellHTeJLH aaee,lI,aBaTB y eRynmTIIHH7 Ho ByqHL aa TO npIIMeTH: "Ham je ':COBeT TaRO paAHO, ,1I.a soor lbarR He BpeAH nJLallRSTH HapOA; ja 6B BHem

19

/ BO.l1eO Oe,ll,lITR y C&ynmTBHII, aero .1111 y OOBeTY.« Y OBaKIIM npenap KaliS B Sa60paBII 00 HS IIBTalLe 0 6y,ll,yitllM oRynmTIIHus, a TO jom same oj alia aenosepeae as I e~y B.I1S,lI,e .II OnOSIII(1I0HCRe napTaje. Y TO ,lI,06a nouy ee jaB.lllsTII lI.11aHI(1I KSltO y CpnORIIM, TaltO II y ayoTpBjeltHli HOBBHaIlS, 0 BaZHOCTII oRynmTllne 1I nOTpe6HBJI oBojOTBlIKa lLeSIIHBX lI.11aHOBa, mTa Bllme liaR II " C pnese ROBIIHe" IIBjaBJI>BBa.l1e oy ZMY, Aa OBa cltynmTIIHs He 6YAe HUBK HS cltynmTIIBy. 1848 rOAIIHe. CenTell6pa 12. KOllllcJlja espma CBOj noeao II aonaeee cOBeTY npeA .I1or npaspeaeaor' saKOHa 0 je,4'Hoj cno cKynmTuHH, y 1t0lie ee H onee HHje CnOIIIlLa.l10, Hero OCTaBJI>eHO ,lI,OI(HlljeJl pemelLY, Ka.,lI,S ite 6BTII casBaHa Ta cKynmTlIHa. Ha HeltO.l1BRO AaHa npe osora "Pester Lloyd," (9. CenTeJl6pa) HamTallna IIsBemTaj, y KOlle ee KaByje, Aa je BeitllHa .I1aHOBa cpnCRora caBeTa HenplljaTMcRII paCn0.l10EeHa npella nUTaILYo cKynmTIIHII. CaBeT ee yS6YHII II nOBOBe KBHIICTpa sapoaae npoesere Aa sa6paHU npllcTyn y Cp611jy cnOlieHYTIIX HOBIIHa, TIIM apemTO je AYCTpBjcKa B.I1a,ll,a npe aesoaaao HeAeJl>a sa6paHB.I1a npe, .I1asltJl, "Cp6. HOB." Y AYCTPlljy. MIIHHOTap He HBBpmu ateJl>Y caBeTa. TaAa ee CaBe~HHI(B ynHY Aa ,lI,OKaay jeARH ,lI,pyroMe B I(e.l1oJle CBeTY, Aa ey OHB CBII sa CltynmTIIHY, na ce n06pUHY, Aa ee y 6eorpa,ll,Oltllll HOBBH&IlR "onpOBprHe" oHaj USBemTaj. OBa je IIsjaBa npOIISBe.l1a y Cp6Bju ,lI,06ap YTllcaK 0 oasery. rpa~aHu 6eOrpa,ll,CKII, 6YAyitll jom HeBemTII y nO.l1BTIIlIKOJl JltUBOTY, HUCY SHaJlU, KaKO Aa.lleKO sose ycTyKHyTII HaTpar pealtI(Hja, HS ROjy cy pallYHaJlII npaspaeaana KlLasa; 'IaK ee y TOKe jaKo Bapa.llB Heltll 'IJISHOBB JlB6epa.l1He napTsje, APzeitll, AS ,lI,BOpCKa napTaja XTeJla HeXTe.lla MOpS Belt Uitll YHsnpeJl,aK OHIIJI nYT01l, RojllK HapO,ll, xoLe.

15. CenTeJl6ps ,lI,O~Y y caBeTclty Ce,ll,HHI(Y CBH nOne'IBTC.1Lll II CTe~aH MaraslIHoBuL, KIh8.JKeBnpe,ll,CTaBBIIR II nonelJlIlJCJI> IIHocTpaHHx ,lI,e.lla B 06jsBII CBH1I3: ,lI,a je jylJe nama 6eOrpa,ll,CKOr rpaAa noxoAHo KlLasa II [aaao 1IY, AS Ilopra Te.llerpnOM sa6paILyje CRBHBalLe cRynmTIIHe: a rapamaHIIH npHMeTu HB TO, ,lI,a no JlllmJl>elLY MUBUC'I'apCTB8., He Tpe6a MyrnaTM TaRBe aanoseera IIopTHHe. IIpuBpJlteBHI\B ItlLaaeBII paAO ee npaxaare re S3nOBeOTH IIopTHHe, Koja 11M je Bet 6H.IIa nOSHaTa H 0 'IellY cy ILIIXHII npOTBBHHnn rOBOpHJlB, ,lI,a je Taj TeJlerpaM IIBMOJlIIO

*

20

0,11. Ilopre ltlL&S npeao AYCTpHje. OMau.ajyhH ee Ba raj T8.IlerpaJ[ ABopcRa napTBja CTapa,/lIL ee All. 06ycTaBH AaJLa Hape~eu.a 0 cRynmTHHH. Taj r,/lac, 6pso pasaemea no HapOAY, jom BBme nospeae HapOAHY napTJljy npoTHBy RlLasa H caBeTHHRa, a C APyre erpaae OCHaJltH nosper YMOBa, ltojBM ee MOr.110 ROPBCTBTH MHHHCTapCTBO y CBOjoj npeJl,CTaBIJ,H Ilopra , All. ee He asaepa npeA IbOM, a y BCTO speae , AIL joj AORaze samTO ee OHO He soae OApehH 0,11. easasaaa eaynmraae. II saueTa 26. Cen. oner AO~y y eaner CBB MHHBCTPH, H I'apamaaaa o6jaBB, ,11.& je Ilopra yse.lla narpar eaoje aaxreseae. CaA je Tpe6a,/l0 HanBcaTH npaBB.Ila sa cRynmTHHY, aa OCHOBY npeaaora R01lHjcBHOra, RojU 61 ee MOr.llB 1t0PBCTBTB, upeaa CBGjHM aaaepaaa, e jeAHe erpaae ssaa H sepaa My BehKHa eaaera, a C APyre, IlHHBCTapCTBO B MalLlMa. ca-BeTCEa. JlH6epa.llBa. napTaja~HeBMajyhH YTIeIiIb npa caBeTOBalLY HK Y EOHaKY,- HB Y COBeTY, BB y IlHHBTTapCTBY, Jlte.llH,/la je caMO jeAHo, Aa 6YAe eaaaaae M8Kap B je,ll,Ha cRynmTBl'Ia, H MIL Ha KaBHlI 6H.1lo OCHOBl'IMa. OHa ce cnpeMH.Ila, AR ee ROPHCTH npaoa cKynmTBBoM, Roja ee aa TaRBl'IM OrpaHBlIeHBIl OCHOBHMa eaaasa. Ho Ribas TeR 28. ORT. uomanre npaBB,/l1L 0 cRynmTl'IBl'I, npeMAa B sa ona] Max lJ.IlaHOM OCMHM B.IlaAB je OCTaBJLeno npaso Aa pema AOIJ,BBje, rAe he ee B ItaA Le ee caCTaT. cRynmTBHa. Ilpeaa TaRBOM oR.IleBalLY cpncae B,/laAe, ayeTpBjcRe HOB!lHe oner cy noseae rOBopBTB 0 HeMOSB B CBa~aMa ,Roje lJ,apyjy y SBaBBTIHBIi RpyroBHlla CpnCRHM. Beorpaaeae BOBl'IBe OrpaBHTIe ee npocToli np~BpROJl ca BacpTajna Ty~lIacRor acaaaaporaa. A.IlH TeR mTO je 6BO 06HapoAoBaB aasoa 0 cRynmTHBH 7. HOBe1l6pa, Beh je 11. 06jaBJLeaO, All. he ee cRynmTBHa caSBaTH y BeorpaAY aIL CB. Ilpnoaaaaor AHAPBjy. TaA8, IlHHHCTapCTBO yHyTpamlblIX Ae.llR BSAa aaaor ORPYJltHBM HaTJ:e,/lHHIJ,HIla ,ll.a ee npeAysllY B360pB. Y BeTIe rore BCTOr/I,RHR npaene y Beorpaa Ra6Y.ll-e4leHABja, sora je Ilopra HaHOBO nOC.lla,/la sao esore soaeeapa. OH npeaa RlLasy nacao 0,11, Be.llHROr sesapa, y ROlle ee Rasyje Rapa~op~eBHhy, Aa je Ra6YJJ.-e4leHABja TIOneR nemT B paSYMaH:)

I) Lettre vizirielle, ecrite au prince de Servie le 3, Rebiul-Akber 12 75 (9.

Nov. 1858).

"Certaines questions s' etant elevees entre l' administration Serbe et Ie gouverneur Ottoman de la forteresse de Belgrade, sur des points reJatifs aux

21

BeOrpa,ll,6ltH BsdoPH, ltOjH oy dBAH 16. Hoseadpa y neltOAHltO ey Beb nOEaSa.l1B ltaRBa he 6BU B caMa CltynmTHHa. AH6epa.l1Ha je napTaja Ze./1H.I1a ,lI,ady,ll,e Bsa6paR je,ll,aR ILeSHR q.l1aR, MH.I10BaR JaRltOBHb, RO RaltO je OR 6BO qHROBRHJt, a no CltynmTHReItOM SaltORY BBje xorao 6BTH Bsa6paR UBOBnRR sa eRynmTIIHapa, ,lI,pyroBH JaRKoBHbeBH esaoae ra ,a,a.n.a,ll,e,OCT8BRY, jaMqebB My ,lI,a be 6HTH Hsa6paR. lISdOPB oy qHILeRH y,ll,BOpHmTy HeJJ.HIte nOAH~Hje, B V ey 6R.I1B rpa~aHB, CBemTeBeTBO B qBROBRH~B. YnpaBHTeJI, aapoma HHltOJJ.a XpReTHb, nposara ese BJJ.a,lI,IRe nap6Ade, Roje ee TBqy CltynmTHRe H O,ll,e es eltyna saje,ll,BO c nOJJ.B~ajeRB]( qBBOBRB~HMa. npe,ll,ee,ll,RBlt 6eOrpall,eRe omataae I'aama JQBanOBHb, OTBOPH eaC'll8naR Bs60pae OItVnmTBUe, B IIOSOBe 6Bpaqe, ,lI,a Bs6epy o,ll,60p, sa npBltynJI,aILe rJJ.aOOBa, a sa TBM ,lI,a npaeryne 6BpaILY qeTHpB nOMaRBRa. BHpaqa je 6H.I10 BeOMa saoro; r.l1aoaJJ.O 'ee same O,ll, OO,ll,a. e8:laTB; rJJ.ae8ILe je Bm.IlO y HajBebe. pe,ll,y H nosaae Mory

forteresses Imperiales de Servie et sur d'autres matieres, Cabouli-effendi, secretaire genegal des affaires etrangercs a e16 designe par un decree Imperial pour se rendre en mission speciale en Servie a I' effet de proceder aux en enquetes nocessaires pour arriver a'ia solution 10. plus favorable et d'informer le gouvernement de ce que Ia situation exige.

"Oette mission coincide avec la reunion de l' assembles national dont

10. convocation a ete reclamee pour discuter certains points relatifs a I' administration interieure de 10. Servie. Or, comme V. E. sait, ainsi que toute 10. nation Serbe, que 10. Porte veut Ie maintien integral des privileges et des immunites accordes a 10. Servie, en meme temps que 10. realisation de tout ce qui peux augmenter Ie bien-etre des populations, et que s, m. le Sultan a toujours fai et conflance entiere dans la loyaute et 10. sincerite du peuple Serbe, il est certain, que l'assemblde s'efforcera dans l'accomplissement de son mandat de repondre a l'attente de 10. S. Porte. Vous pourrez d'ailleurs reconnaitre par Ia presence de son commissatre l'esprit bienveillant du Gouvernement Ottoman et trouver un puissant appui dans son coneours, favorable pour les ameliorations (reformes] Ii operes.

Cabouli-effendi a l'ordre d'agir dans ce sens et comme il est personellement instruit de 10. pensee du Gouvernement ainsi que de l'etat de 10. Servie, et comme il est done d' un e!!prit sage et profond, je ne doute pas que Ie chon qu' on a fait de so. mission ne puisse ~tre considere comme un temoignage public du haut interet que Ie Sultan porte a 10. Servie.

22

6Bpa1l& 1leMY ee D.Bje DaAa.IJ.& ABopoRa napraje. KaA je nopY1lBR Be.IJ.BM&PKOBBh, jom npe, HerO-.lJ.B mTO je 6BO OTBopeD OaOTaD&R, nOBB80 MH.lJ.OB8R8 JaRROBBha AR 06jaRB npeA 6JJpa1lB1Ilt, xoL.e·.lJ.JJ OH - AaTB OOTaBRY Da esoje sB8DBje &RO 6YAe Hsa6paH sa oRynmTHH&pa, OBB -cy 0 p&AomL.y lIY.llH 0,11, JaHRoBBIta, Aa xohe, RaA je ,ieAaH 0,11, npHOTa.llB~a ,lI,BOpa, nojeTa B RILB3teBUBR crape mKO.IJ.e, M8TBja Baa, ,lI,OOeJJ.BBmH ee y Cp6Bjy BS Aa.llMa~Bje B H8UHoaBmB sa spese RpBMORora pare xuuy ey.uauy, noseo OBeTOBaTH rpa~aRe,. aora he. Aa 6Bpajy; ODB ra oTepajy es csyna, Bapaxa je 6JJ.IIO 495 /bYAJJ B SUSTUY BeLBuy r.IJ.8COB8 A06ltjy 1JeTBOpB~a: Mltjalt.IJ.o Bspaoaan , lIUUOBUBR y OOTaBI\B, A06Bje 471 raae ; RaneT8U Mum8 AU80T8cHjeBHh, rprcsan OO.l1JJ - 452; MB.I10BaU JaHRoBHL. cesperap MBUHOTp. 41BBaHoBje 411 raaeosa ; 'iop~e Ah-

J' ai egalement Ie ferme espoire, qu' a sou arrlvee Cabouli·effendi trouvera tant pour lut-msme que pour l'objet de sa missi on toute l'assistance et les faoilites desirables aqpres de V. E. et de I'administration Serbe.

C' est a cette fin que je Vous adresse ceUe lettre" T. j.

Ilomro ce DS Me~y aAMHHucTpa~uj e cpncse R OTOMaBCRor ynpaBuTe.a.a TBPAulLe oeorpaAcRe noseaa aesa DUTalLa 0 ~apCRDM TBPAUlLaMa Cp6aje, a 0 APyroM Koje 'IeMY, oApe~eH je ~apCRallt AeKpeTOM Ita6Y.l1-efIJeHAaja, raasaa ceaperap cnolLamlLUX n0CJ10Ba, Aa DO oco6nTOM nOC.I1aUCTBY (MUCHjU) Ao~e y Cp6Rjy, re Aa HSBaAU IJITO je HYJRBO, Aa 6u ce AOIJI.l10 AO uajnoBolLuRjer pemeaa, na Aa HSBeCTD l(apCRY DJIaAY 0 OHOMe mTO CTaILe CTBapH RIJITe.

nItaJIy6-eflJeHAHja AMasa y Cp6ujy 6am y OHO speae K8.A ce eaersje HapoAHa csymnraaa , sa ROjy ce rpaaaao Aa ce caaoae paAH BehaILa o Be'leMY IIITO ce TH'Ie yHyTpamlLe aAMHHucTpanuje Y Cp6aju. Ho RaO mTO B. C. sua, sao a neo HapOA CPDCRH, Aa Ilopra xohe : Aa ce nOTDYHo oapae nOBAaCTDne (npaaaaemje) u CJ1060AmTaHe (Immunites) DpHSBaTI' [accordes P) Cp6UjH, Aa xot.e u Aa ce OCTBapH CDe mTO MOlite flIHOlltBTH 6.11arOCTaILe aapoaa ; H sao mTO ce SHa, AB je lb. B. CY.l1TaH aasaa UMao nyuy nepy H nonepeae y JIOJaJIHOCT H HCRpeBOCT napoaa cpncaor : aeaa cylllLe ,Aa he ce caynnrrana TPYAUTH Aa HcnyHD CBOj nOSRB OHaRO , aao mTO o'leRyje 6.11, IIopT8. Y OCTa.l10M BH here MOt.H H no DpUCyCTBy aeaor soaecapa CYAHTH 0 Ao6poj BOILH OTOMaHCRe B.laAe, a y OBOKe JIB kere HahH caaaaor nOAfnBpa'ia sa pefIJopMe [amelioratlons-reformes], Roje ce BMajy BSBpmU'I'H.

23

1l0BBL TprOB81\ -'- 397 raaeoaa. OCTa.llH fJlaCOBH 6BJlI cy nO,ll,eJI,eHI HS 28 lt3H,II,B,II,aT3, HO HI je,ll,aH 0,11, IbBX anje BMaO IlHOfO rJlaCOB3. R3A je Bs60p espmea, je,ll,8H rp3~aHB'H, npe,ll,Ce,ll,HBR npHMHpHTeJlHOr cY,ll,a, pesae OBO Bsa6paHHIl nOMSHBI\HMa: "Bapom&a CltynmTBHa Hsa6paJla je BaC sa eaoje npe,ll,CT3BHBKe, jep ee Ha,ll,R, All. DU nOTnYHO SHaTe R3ltH Tpe6a 6paHHTH HapOAHY 1JaCT H name omare aarepeee Ha npeAcTojeLoj cRynmTHHB; lIB eBB UIlallO Y Balla noaepeae H sa TO aae MOJlHllO Aa ee npHMHTe ODe Baar.Re I BeOHa remse ,ll,yar.nOCTH .... RaKO je Bspaosan 6HO HscTynilo BS CJlyar.6e saAPZ8BmH npasa 1JIlHOBHnRa, a JaHltOBHL jom HBje CTBr30 Aa ,11,8. OCT3BKY: 6Hpa1JI cy' BX MOJlHJlB ,ll,a ee O,ll,peRY 0,11, C~OjBX 1JHHOBHH1JRBX npasa. 06a lls6paHilKa BsjaBe, ,ll,a ,ll,par.e sa H3jBeLy 1JaCT I cpeLy, ,11,3 ar.PTByjy JlH1JHe aarepeee Y ltOPICT omare CTBapB

.Ra6Ylly-eclleRAHjH AaT je Ba.40r Aa paAH Y TOMe CMHCAY, a sao mTO je lLeMY IlH'IHO saaaao mTa MHMH B.IIaAa, sao U RaRO eroje craapa Y Cp6Hju, H sao mTO je OR 011. ce6e MYAap H TeMMHT, ja He CYMlLall ,l,a he ce Y TOMe, mTO je 6am ~ HSa6paR H nOMaH, BUAeTH sao jeARO jaBuo CBeAO'laRC'l'BO BHCORor 3aYSHMaILa CY.IITaROBOr ORO Cp6uje.

"Ja HMaM jom H TBPAY HaAY, Aa he Ra6YIl-eclleRAuja, RaA Ao~e (y Cp6Hjy), ROIlHRO sa ce6e, TO.4HKO U sa ORO paAu 'Iera ce nrase Rah ROil. B. C. U ROil. cpncse aAMHHBCTpal(Hje CBYRCMHRY JIOTnoPY B CBaRY O.4aKmHl(Y Roja ce caao JIOEMHTU MOEe.

"PaAH Tera eBO BaM B IIHmeM OBO."

OBO JIHCMO YMeA u3MajcTopujcaRor je3HRa TypCRe AUlIIlOMaI(Hje, npeA caMUM RHpa~op~eBHheM npHRpHIlO je MaBRY RaMepy AO.4asRa Ra6YIl-eclleHAHje. Y nO'leTRY ce nacaa npaspaaa I(M lLerOBor AO.llasRa JIUTalLeM 0 rpaAOBHMa, 0 'IeMY oBaj JIOPTHH 'IHROBRHR Huje HH jeARe pesane nporoBOPHO Y CBOjHM paaroaopaae ca CPJICRHM uHRUCTapCTBOM. Me~y THM je Ra6Y.Il-eclleRAHja AOReo cflepMaH, RojaM ce, Y Myqajy 36a'1eILa Rap~op~eBBha, nOCTaBJLajy aa RajMaRaMe: BY'Iuh, rapamaHuR a Mama. Aor~ajH 8M He ,lI,OSBOllame Aa ce sopacre OBHM cflepMaROM, JIa H 0 TOMe, Aa-Ilu je je 6uo AORemeR OBaRQB cflepMaR, cIla60 je RO saao. A..ilB 1868. rOA. RaA je caAamlLH opeACTQBRUR cpncsa ROil. Ilopre , II>U.IIHO XPHCTHh , JIp&TIlO KlLerHILY JYIlHjy y./.I.ORAOR, OH A06aBH ROJIHjy rora cflepMaRa, ROjH je caonmraaa Ilopra 1858. rOA. BRMeCROM MHRHCTapCTBY CnOJbRBX nOMOBa. lI>allHu nomse 011. Tara cIIepJraRa ROJIHjy RIL. Maxauy. Mu heMo ce cpecra AaJbe ca OBDM aXTOM.

24:

CSCTSBaK ee CBpmB C Tillie, mTO OnmTHB8 B3Aa nYBo.lloLKja eBojna Hsa6pSHH~HIla. ABopeKa napraja , nomro je CaSBa.ll8 KaRo. ee Hs60PB CBpmHAH, JlaAa. BHRy Jl,a ey Is60PH sesaEOBBTB, BaBOAeLH, mTO cy aaa- 6paBB ABB 1I1BOBBHRB H mTO je orepan ca eKyna MaTHja BaB. HeRB cy npBBp:&eBI~H KlLa:&eBH SaXTeBa.IIB AB ee R cn Bs60p YBHmTR. Me~y TDM JaBKoBBh noaaeee oCTaBKY, Ko.jB My je 6H.II& YB8l1teBa TeR OBAB, 1£8,11,8 je cRynmTBB8 6HJJa omopeaa , H C tors je no SRXTeBalLY oJl,6o.pa S8 nper.ll.eASlLe nYBOMot.Hja Bape~eH 6Ho. naRBfl,AHH us6op, rAe je 61.11.0. 627 6Hpalla H eaao TPo.jB~aAa.llH esoje r.ll.aCo.Be sa APyre R8BAHAt\Te, 8 CBB cy o.CTa.ll.B rJJ.aCa.ll.B sa JaSKOBufIa. C TaKHIl HCTRM ycnexoll sa .llH6epa.ll.Hy R Bapo.AHY napTajy CBpmeHB cy Bs6o.PH R y APyru MeCTln Cp- 6Bje. TBKo. Ba np. y JaroAHHB, 6Bo. je RBH,II.RAaT re napTBje CTeB1I8 MRXaB.II.OBHL, Ko.jB je npeA Hs60Po.M A06Ho. nRCMO 0,11, CBOjBX 6eorpaACRHX ApyroBB, y ROMe cy ra noaasaaa, AB ee oapesae 0.,11, eaera, mro 6R My CMeTa.ll.o. Aa .6YAe napOABlI noeaanaa, Ro.jo.M npB.II.RROM CTaBJI>aJlH cy My y BSr.lleA, ,11,8 I.e 6BTB asadpaa sa npeAceABBRa B.IIB no.AnpeJl,CeABBRB lIapo.ABe cRyumTBlIe, B Jl,B he CBB rpa~aHB napoma Beorpaaa 6HTH BS erpana Bapo.ABe napraje, CTeBlIY jeABo.rJlaCBo. Bs6epy sa esora noeaaBKKa lLero.BB cyrpa~aBH, a aeroa APyrap 0.,11. 317 raaeone, Ao.6Bo. je 292 rJlaca.

Y eacras cBeTo.aBApejeBcKe CItynmTBHe y~y npe,ll.CTaBBlII\U Jl,Bo.jaKe spere. JeJl,BlI cy Ao.mJlB y cRynmTBy no. CBo.Me SBaSUlIBo.lI Bo..IIo.lItajy R sBaBRjy, aao npeJl,CeABBK RaC8~Uo.Bo.ra cYAa, npeJl,CeJl,HH~H Jl,Ba o.A6.IIeIb8, ane.ll.a~Bo.Bo.ra CYAB, npeeeaaaa cy1l,a sapona Beorpaaa 11 17 npeAceABBRa ospyaaax cYAo.Ba; To..IIBKo. HCTo. B o.KPYJKHlIX Balle.llBHR8, ynpaBBTeJl> BapomH Beo.rps,lI,a B 21 no.MaHBK 0,11, CBemTeBCTBa. HMa.llH cy npsao Aa npDcYCTByjy BB cKynmTBBD B cpnese B.IIaABRe ao OHB ee o.6BlIBO j8BJI>8.11B can npa o.TBapalbY D sBTBapalLY cKynmTlIBe, B.II.D npB.IIH- 1£0]( RaKBe CBellaHOCTD. HBPo.AHHX nOMaHHKa DS BapomH H ca eMa 6B.40 je 337. Ha SeRO.llHRO J1,aBa npe OJl,pe~eBOr posa sa oKynmTBHy nOlluy AO.llaSDTD no.MaBD~H y npeCTo..IIBHny saeaeaaae, xeero y npaTIbH CBOjBX cyrpB~sBa, Ro.ju ee BBTepeCBpa.ll.B OnmTBM cTBapHlla aoje ee OJl,aBBo. Dey HSBo.CB.II.e npeA Bapo.AHy cRynmTuBy. 0A8BHo. Beo.rpaJl, uuje BUAeo. no. CBo.n y.llB~aMa TaRBe Bapo.AHe &BBo.CTB,o.AaBBo. 6eorpa~aHB DCY

25

uaAB y cBojn Ryitan TOJlBItO rOCTBjy BS YUYTpamJLOClTB OplSaje; AaBBo ee ncy BCKyn./LaJlB npe,llCTaBRBqll epnesora HapOJl,a ca Tal£OIl onmroa xe./LOMJI,a BRAe 6psy npOlteBy Ba 60./Le y CBOMe OTamTBY. To HRPOJl,HO paenozoaeae 06J1,pzaB3./l0 ce jom B THMe, mTO je n\y BHmDM npeaerasBIlD;HMR UBOBBH'IItOr CBeTa, Me\y 6eorpa~aHBIla H Me\y'HapOJl,HHIl noeaaHHD;HMa noseae ee 01lHrJIeJl,BO A3 rpynHpajy nO./lHTDqRe napTaje, Koje (lY osora Il&xa IIMR./le OApe~eBe naaaose.

Bpojea cnojax '1J1aHOB3 HRjJllaILR je J:orJla ISIITH Jl,BOpCKa napraja.

-Ty ,cy dDJlH HajdJlH.lItH PQ~aD;H H eaojre Kapa~op~'eBHheBe, 1I.I1aHOBII coBeTCKe BehlIBe, KOjll cy ee YSBBCRJlII sa BJlRJI,e rora I£ILRsa, H 'lHjH DBTepees 6exy TeCBo enojeaa ea CYJl,6UBOM lDerOBOM; BeROJlDRR '1HHOBHDD;R, KOjll npRnaJl,axy Ber"a napTajH YCTaB06paBIIJla'lKoj If 1£0jll ee jom CBe jeJl,HRKO ,ll,plltaxy aeaaaor crapoe SHallaja, H r01llHJla ,ll,BOPCRHX CI£YTOBoma, soie cy CBar Jl,aOCTaB./LaJle eaora BJlaJl,aOD;a Ka,ll, AO~e onaCHOCT. ETO TO cy Ball CBR ./Ly,ll,H Kojll cy .lIte.l1HJlH Jl,a aaapae A./leRCRHApa KRpa~op~eBHha Ba epneaose npecToJly. A.I1R je OBa napraja 611.11a YCTpe./LeHa y 4)a1l0 epne npe, Hero mTO ee B OTBOpH.I1e esymnraaoae ceAHHD;e. no 06HQajy SOjB OJl, BajKaAa rpaje, npeaero mTO he ee OTBOPBTH eKynmTBHa, 6eme CBCQRH& 6oroMo./La, na nonro ee OBa CBpmB, nOCJlaHBD;H cKynmTBHcKII dexy nOSBaTH y RILR.lIteB Jl,BOp HR cjajaB pY'laK.· Au BC./lHl£a BehKHa HapO,ll,HIIX nOMaHH&a HeXTe npllllllTB &lDa.llteBY nOHY,ll,y II y npssae ABOpaae y~ome eaao SBaBR'IBBD;B. 3dYILeBB ItapR~op\eBBh Hllje aaeeaao sa CTO. AJiB ,llBopcRa napTaja Be &.I10HY jom Jl,YXOM. OHa je BPJlO ,lJ,odpo SKa.l1a mTa jom cnpeJllajy lLeSBBII npOTIIBKIln;R, H 'Ka KeRO.lllIRO Jl,ltBa npe BO mTO he ee OTBOPHTII C&yrrmTBKa, nonrro Beh Hsa~e aa BRJI,KK xapaarep nOMRnQ&HX asdopa, OHa ee yse onpeaara sa 60p6y, R eaaona nporpu pa,ll,a "JI,a RaKO ca,ll, TaRO R y 6YAyhe callYBa Hapo,II,By cpehy B 6.aarocTRlLe." Osa] nporpaa OJl, 43 npaB.H.Ila HC deme BllmTa APyro Jl,0 ynyTHHD;a sa nO.l1Hn;ajHe 11 BOjHIIlIRC B.IlaeTB. OHa aaaaranre Jl,a ee oeorpa,ll,CKa &aCapBa nonYKB OpYZjCM H J,le6aH01ll. Aa Ta1ll0 Be nymTajy HRKora Bit Jl,aIDY BR Bohy 6es ,ll,OSBO.l1e ,ll,e.lltypHorR oWIln;lIpa; AS ee aaadepy Tpl nOJl,-OWIID;Hpa 1£0jH he dKTB HajBCmTBjR sa mURjYB.I1YR, na Aa OHU norajao naae Ba csoje APyroBe; ,ll,a ee no CORan;HMa paerype BajBepHHjIl COJl,ll,aTB. Aa ee 6poj naBAypa yiBOJl£ll. Aa CBB &aBAapH ca

26

ILHXOBHIl ynpaBHTe.MIl JOBBl(OM ~YAY nOT'lBlLeRB rOCnOAHRY HHKO.ll1l~TY, sora Le Bajnpe nOCT8BHTH sa TajBa a noeae H j aBBa ynpaBHTMa nO./lBl(Hje, - 8 XpaHBc8B,MBuL ,11,8 6y),e BPXOBHB BO~ l(e.l1e sojeae ; 0,1\ 28. HOBeM6pa ,ll,a o41Bl(Bpe Be nymujy HS ltaCapHe BoLy,. a peaoae RB AalLy. ORB 041H~UPB 1t0jB Be 6exy npa 4lPOBTY ,ll,s ee Be cMejy BB KaRO nymTaTH y ltacapBy; sa OB8j AaB cnpeUTB 1£0.118 sa 8IlYBBl(Hjy H onpeMy BOjBBlIlty; aRO ySTpe6a ,II,a ee BS MHBHcTapCTBIl. 4lHBaBl(Bje npeoeee y ltacapBy CBa 1t8ca, ,II,a 00 nonaae H Aa ee BRnellaTH. Aa je 1t0ILBna BaBelt enpeaae. A alto cRynmTBB& CTaBe mTO OACYABO PR,II,UT., oBAa je 6B.IIO Bape~eBo, Aa ee sass BURaRO Be paCTaB.4,a 0,11, BojcRe, Aa je S3Bua ltojeRaRBIl sa68BaMa, a H& CB. AH,II,PBjy ,II,a ,11,8 BBBa CO.l1- AaTHMa, ,II,a CBaRora JI,y68SBO ,II,Ollelta; Tpa.zeiaB y HCTO ,11,06& Aa rs nomTyje. ARO 6B cRynmTHBa. nORyma.lla ,ll,a YIIIHS npeapsr , OH,II,a je BaJ.a.110 OBaRO pa,ll,HTB: l'.IIaBHe Bo~e npeapara noy6BjaTH no,ll, ORpBJI,ell C0.l1,11,811Re 6YHe, a oaaao CO.l1,11,aTe Be nOTpSaTH HB sa RaRaB CYA; ,ll,pyre oner BBBOBHBRe OKOBaTB y l'BOatqe, If 1I0""BpLH HX BOjHHlIROIl CYAY, H RamTBrOBRTB 6es BKaRBe MH.I10CTH, "jep Le IHalle uponaera SellJI,8." MBBBcTpe nos6anHBaTH ca. ILHXOBBX CTO,I1B~a; B3,II.aTH npoR.I1aMRnHjy B3 BapO,ll" BnOSBaTB y KparyjeBan CBe ROjH cy BepBH oTau6HBB B RILRSY 6es BapOllBTBX Bape,ll,a6a 0,11, erpaae lIeeTBBX B.I1aCTB; oersae nOMaBBRe nOSBaTH Ba nOMymBocT, a aRO ee ORB Be 6H XTeJUI yseTB y naaer, OB,II,a HX noaneBTH, TajHo noy6Bj8TB H saRon8TB; OBe ROj. ey ys ILHX npHCTaJJ.H BS BeSH8ILa - mT6,lI,HTB 1t0.l1HRO ee Moate. Y Beorpaay lIHBBTH HCTpary IIQ eBna nO,ll,OSpHBU RyLan, 0 ROjU8. Le 6BTB 06jaBJLeBO y cBoje speae, a OTMeBe JLY,ll,e mTe,ll,KTB. rocno,ll,y J OItCBLa H Pa,ll,BeaBa nOSB8TH ,II,a ,II,a,ll,y M0.l16y Aa BX nyeTe RyLan, K ,II,a HX sa speae paspeme 0,11, My.z6e. 3a eae OBO speae ,II,aBaTH eos,lI,aTHMR ,ll,BOeTpYRY n.llaTY B ,lI,OBOJLBO xpane ; ,ll,OnyeTHTB BIl ,11,8 ee Mory BeeMHTJ[, 1lIljaBlIBTB • T. A.; YCTRB BBMeBHTH, ,II,aB roeno,ll,apy aeorpsBneBY B.II.aeT, a lL.eroBoj nOpO,ll,IIl(B HSpa,ll,HTH BaMe,ll,Ro npaao ; MHBBeTpe H caBeTHIIKe CBaKe TpeLe rO,ll,BHe cRynmTHBoJl ~HpaTB; sa caBeTBBRa Iloze 6HTH nOCTaBJI,eB cBaRB, na liaR H OOJI,3R caMO BeRa je noarrea 1I0BeK; BojcSy YJlROZIITB a Y BojRBSe YSURTB JI,YAe TeR 0,11, 20 rOAHRa ROjB Le MyZHTH 4: rOABBe; BojeBY ynpaBy ea CBBII npoMeBHTH,

27

B HSnYHBTB je paaYMHBM JLYAHMa BojeH8 peAa; nJiSTY o~41BpUMa nOBBCBTB, a Y MYlIajy aKO HSS~Y BS Bojclte AS HX enopeae ea nOJlB~ajBHIl lIHHOBHH~lfIiS. ApTlJJlepBjy YIlB03tBTIf, If CBna TpUMa oaeaeIboa AOAaTHno jeABY 6sTeplljy. CHcTellY opyzalb8 cs CBBII HBlleHITH; OpyJ&HB~y B TonoJlBBHD~y nonpasara.')

Apyry napTsjy ROjy soaeao C8 CBBM CTaBBTD BS cynpoT napTsjH Kapa~op~eBHLeBoj H He MO.llteliO ynpano BaSBaTH napTajoM. OBa He caMO mTO ee paSJlHKOBSme 'OA npae TUMe IDTO je xreaa AS s6a~H Kaps~op~eBHlts C npecroza Beh H THlle mTO je HMaJla oTBopeliy Ballepy Aa noBpaTB 06peHoBHhHllla Rlba3teBCKO SBalLe. OBa je napTaja eysanre BeJlHlta sa TO l1Ile, jep ee OMalDame rOTOBO HS. orrmTY zeJLY ~6Jle Cp6Hje. AJlD BapoA RojH je aeaeo noeparea 06peHOBHha Be Morame 6BTB y eaynmTHHH paAehe JlB~e. npeCTSBHH~B OBe napTaje 6exy MaXOM JLYAH, KOjB cy noese npespara OA 1842. ro)!.. nOCTpaA8JlH ss AHBacTDjy 06PtlBOBHha, H JlH~a Koja cy npaersaa ya ILBX DS pasaax pallYBa, DJlH ClJojTBHcRe eaese, HJlH paM RaRBor rOA HeSajl,OBOJLC'CBa na nocTojehY BJlajl,Y. AJiH oner lIe~y THM JLYAHlia He 6eme rpajae eneae Rojy Besyje TBPA H oApe~eH nporpax paaa. Haje 6HJlO HH JLYAH ROj:o: ee OC06HTO OAJlHKOBaxy CBOHII cnoco6BOCTHlla, HJlH nOJlBTH1JKOIi BemTHHOIi. YlIaeBll~1I y aaaepa 1857. rOAHBe JltlfBJLaxy HSB8H Cp6Bje2), a erapa MllBll-

I) Ona] nporpaMHaSa,ll,lLalJKe napTaje 6exy CKJlODU.JJ1I BeRO.JJURO, BaRO CeBn.iJ,U, lLUX, U OR je ca'lYBaH y ReRO.JJHKO CDUCKOBa ROjU ce paS.JJHKyjy Me~yeo60M He caso 6pojeM '1.JJaHaKa, Bet. D HeRHM Doje,ll,UROCTHMa Y ca,ll,pmajy ILHXOBOMe.

2) Me~y IDUMa 6exy RajsRaTHHjn: CTeB an CTeaaHOBHt., (TeRRa) H ITaya JaHItOBHt.. Osa] nOC.JJe,ll,lLB je sacaaje caM DpH'IaO Aa ey aanepeaana 0,11, 1857. rOAHRe, ,ll,onCTa XTe.JJU 060PHTH A.JJeKCaH,II,pa Itapa~op~eaJlLa, HO lLUX HS,II,a,ll,e aycTpHjcKu Cp6UH Itoju je 6110 YllpaaHTe./b aesor RMalLa KlLasa MU.JJorna. OR so. lLuxoay RaMepy jaBH A.JJeRCH CHMHt.y, sora ,ll,pmaxy so. najaepnajer cAyry Itapa~op~eBu"a U Ilopre (PH«jJaT-narna y DUCMY Koje je 1853. ron, 19. Anpu.JJa nacao Itapa~op~eBuhy aaaasame A.JJeRcy CUlluha "HajaepHujuM p060M .cY.JJTaBoBHM." Taaa je CHMHL 6HO nOne'lHTe./b anocrpaaax nOC.JJOBa aa MeCTO I'apamannaa}, a CUMU·" 0 TOlle CBeMY jaaH HHItO.JJajeBul.y, osa] oner ItlLerUlLlI ITepCH,II,H, soja je ce Ta,ll,a 6aBU.JJa aa lII.HHepR.JJRBlI BO,ll,aMa, H oryaa Te.&erpa«jJBca.JJa csoxe Mymy. Baaepeaann cy ce npeso Ta,II,Rrnlber ROHSY.JJa MYXBHa Tymu.JJU

28

CTap &lLasll. MHjajAa, 'iop\e llPOTHL, y.pe 6am npea mTO Le ee eaaBaTH cRynmTBUa, 24. HOBeM6pa, H "CpncRe ROHBRe" acaeeome [eaaa lIA8RaR y soae 6exy Hspe\aae aerose Re&3,11,RlLe saMyre S8 OTaJ;I6HRY, If OBAam 00 cn01lHILaxy OBe naTlLe soje je 0,11, 1842. rO,ll,HBe nperpneo, llpHBpZeBHI\If 06peaoBuL.a, mTO oerame Y ZUBOTY, p&AOBaxy ee OHOIte pa9,ll,0py mTO je 6YRBYO y YCTaB06paRHA8noj napTaju. ROj8 je BeRRAa 6HAa TaRO CHJlOBHT8; RAil ,II,yrulI rOBe1L611, MY1leu.eM, saTBapalLeM, 11 TemROJ( &amT1IrOIl, ORH usry6Hme CBY RJpaz R MoL Aa o,ll,n01lay noeso, re OTIe&HBaxy YAap 0,11, erpaae ApyrBx eaepru1IBBjex JI.Y,ll,B. Hajsa,ll,' CBB OUH ue,ll,axy y nOBpRTRY 06penoBuL.a enaeeae Cp6uje, Be MHCJleLB BII all-R8Re pe~op1le y ynpaBu , BU 0 caJIoj C&ynmTHBII, &&ja BM je 6UR nOTpe6BR TeR y 60p6u ea !tapa\op\eBllL.ell. MaorH 0,11, ILUX B8,11,axy ee Tne ,II,06BTH no CTO nYTa Barpa,ll,y sa' eBojy O,ll,aBOCT asraaao] ,II,HB8eujH. ETO sa mTO OBH eBU 6exy S8. TO Aa y RIL8zeBCROMe ,II,OeToj8B':' CTBY BoenOCT8Re crap ora MUAoma, I£OjH Be 6u BeSHBao ee6u py&y y paAILU npoTBBy Be&8,11,8mILBX BenpRjaTeJI.a; m:e\y TIIM ){.IlR,II,B KlLas MHxaHAO y nos BaT 011 nllcllY 0,11, 1853. ro,ll,. 06jaBJI.yje ,II,a Be L.e 6UTH HU&a&BOr roneaa Ra,ll, ee OB no~pRe y Cp6ujy. Je,lI,aoJl pesa OBa napTaj8 npasp.JteBHK8 -06peuoBHL.eBux paAeLH eaeno , Huje IlOr.lla PYROB8TU apeBpaTOM ROjB ee BeL npBJlBI\ao, Ma AI je 6BAa B J1Hor06pojRa.

Bose L.e ,II,8RJle MOpaTB upansera Y aeo pa,ll,lLa y CBeTOaB,II,pejeBcRoj cRynmTllall , Roja 6u M.orJla AoaeTU sasae nOM8,lI,UI\e· S8 Cp6ujy7 OBaRHX paAeLBx n8pTaja 611AO je ABe.

ITpBO lIeCTO Ile\Y IDBlla saysoa no onmTeJ( 6pojy napTaja Tpetta, 0,11, JI.y,ll,1I ROjll 6exy y nOTOlLe ,II,06a y BeAHRamRoj OnOSHI\HjH npeKR !tapa\op\eBuL.y U lLerOBHM npHCTaUI\an. OBH JI.YAU RojH uerAa 6exy jesrpo YCT8S06p81lHAallRe napTaje, KOjU ey PY&OB8AH UeSOJlURO'

H PYCKOj BJlSAIi HS KYRSRBHO CTSlLe Cp6uje, H IIOJlHJlH AS HII ce AS casera , mTS he II KSRO I.e AS pane ; U Tpaataxy nOHoL.R AS YR.IlOHe Rsps~op~eBHL.a, HO HII MOBns He roaopaxy 0 CBojHII Hoepos. Oaa nocaame Y Bes nJlSTOHS CHKOHOBaL.S Roja je KerAS 6ao Y pycruJ CJlYJJt6H, Aa 0 ILRXOBY rpomay ca nRCIlOII 0 TOil RCTOII oae PYCKOII ,noCJlSKRKY BYA6epry. TeHKs je ce ea CaMHK MHJlOmeH cacrajao y Ilemra, AorOBopHO ce C ILlille 0 npeapary, R A06RO je OA aers KOBSI\S.

29

rO,ll,HHa nOC.llOBHMa Cp6Bje, B ROjH 6exy nOTOILBX rO,ll,Hna HanymTeHH s60r po~aKaRapa~op~eBHLeBHX H li.erOBHMUpHCTaJlBl\an, JlHlJHO CneSaHHJl ea aarepeeaaa ItlLa&eBBM, - ra onosBD;Hja BllaJIa je OO,ll, SRllamBTa SHalJaja RO,ll, Ilopre, aoja je nOBCpJLBBO MymaJla &Be uaxose TyJK6e na saasa, H IbBXOBO npeeraasaas onacnora CTaILa CTBapH y Cp6HjB. Ra6YJle(leB,lI,Bja BR.MO je ,lI,R pa,ll,B m ILBMa saje,ll,HO y je,ll,HY aea. OBOj napTajB TerJlHJlH cy CBB Jf,y,ll,B ROjB cy OTllRJlB O,ll, Rapa~op~eBILa, ROjH CMaTpaxy ,lI,a cy OB3RO HJlB OHaRO YBpe~eBH lLerOBOIl BJlaAOM, DO ROjH oner Be saTypBme eaoje BepaCnOJlOZeILe npeaa 06peHOBB-

. hUR. Bo~e OBe napraje 6exy : TOM a BYlJBh, BJlHja I'apaiaaaaa BMlrna AuacTRcBjeBBh. II alto sa IbHXOBe U.lW.BOBe HHmTa BBCY saaae APyre napTaje, oner ee CaMB OBU CJIaraxy Me~y co6oM y rJlaBHOMe nUT alLY - a TO je ,lI,a ee S6al\H Rapa~op~enHh, y 1.IellY H1l aorome 6HTU Ba PYl\H H.OCTaJle napraje, OCRM ,lI,BOpcRe. Bezasamaa onosBn;Bja esepsme, ,lI,a nomro YKJlOBB Rapa~op~eBlILa, ,ll.olJeua Y cBoje maae ,lI,aJf,H TOK Aora~8ja, YSAajyLu ee Y TOMe norD Ha Ra6yJlB-e(leH,lI,Hjy H aa 41epuB rnTO ra je OB AOBeo. IInB TpH Ro~e OEe napraje 6eme noapaaaBalbe OHUM npenparaaa mTO ee s6Bme 1839. H 1842 r. OBH MHm~axy' ,lI,a 060pe Rapa~op~eBBLa nOMOLy esyamraae , ,lI,a c060M nanpaae BaMeOllllmTBO, H.IlH npaapeaeay BJlaAY, B ,l\a RacBBje. easoay BOBY ~ cRyumTBHy ,II,a 6Bpa saaaa, a nOCJlaBBn;B sa OBY cRynmTHBy 6BpaHH 6B 6BJlH nOA ILBXOBlfM YTBn;ajeM. A.I1B ee ByuL, rapamanBB' B AnacTaoBjeBBL He 1I0rome Me~y C060M CJlOJltBTH 0 RaB.II,B,II,aTa sa RIL8.l1£eCRB npeero. 3a BYlJBha rcaopaxy ,lI,a OB xose .Ita nonae Ba npeero je,l\nor MaILO.lleTDOr CHna Rapa~op~eBHLeBor, na ,l\a OB neorpaaaxeao BJla,ll,a Y Cp- 6BjB a CRe y lIMe aoaors RlLaS8, mTO ee ncrnyao rrO,ll,Y,ll,apame ca B.IlaCTOA.y6HBHM HaBHRan cup ora BojBO,ll,e. BaMBmy AHacTacBjeBBLa, ROjB 6eme Daj60raTBjB 0,11, CBUjy Cp6a, rosopaxy ,II,a OH xoLe ,II,a nODBe Da RlLa.ar.eCRB npeero KlLaaeBor eaaoaua a eaora BeTa '»op~a Ilpaor. I'apamaaaa naje HHmTa rosopao ROjB je aeros RaB,lI,H,II,aT, au Me~y npOTBBHBn;HII3 lLerOBBM 6eme paenpoerpro noaospeae aao ,II,a OB TpaZB call sa ee RlLaJlteBCRH npeero,

Hajsa,ll, lJeTBpTy napTajy MozeMO Has BaTH BapOAHO-JlH6epa.l1HOIl.

OB9 je napTaja TCR sa apeae eaae cKynmTBBe s8,II,06BJIa saMamBTa SBa-

30

lIaja B YTB~aja Ba TOR CTBapB. OeBOBa lbealBa 6exy IlAa~B npeeraaRB~I epnese HHTeABreB~Hje', ROjB ey ee MaXOIl Ba CTpaBH YUAR, H ROjR ey nOrJlaBBTO HmJlH Ra TO,,II,a YTBp,ll,e ,ll,a BapO,ll, lUIa npasa mBA>&TB eBoje 1J0eJlaHBRe ua cRynmTHHY, Roja ee C&SHBJLe aa O,ll,pe~eHe posoee, OBIf1I peAoli ROjl ee je,ll,BO!l sa cBar,ll,a yTBP,ll,B, H ROjB cy jom TeZRAB ,ll,a yaeey Y nOJlITnRB B ,ll,pymTBeBB lItBBOT Cp6Bje BBme BJlB Malbe JlB- . 6epaJlHe YCTRHOBe cs HaCJIeAHOJl MOBapxBjO.l aa qeJly. ARo K8pa~op~eBHIl 6y,ll,e S6aqeR , mTO cy je,ll,Ba qeRaJlB B cTpacRB npBBpzeHR~1 OdpeBOBBlla, B Bo~e BeJlBR8mRe OlJosB~lje - HapO,ll,HO-J1B6epaJlHa napTRja npernoeraasame CBBMa 1t8BABAaTBMa RlLasa 06peBoBBLa. Ys TO OBa 6B pa,ll,lje npernoerasaaa lI.IlaAor Rlbasa MnajJla, eTapoMe MIJlomy, ROjR HBje BBRaRO 610 RaAap /l,a Ae.lll'l ca HapO,ll,ROM cRynmTBRoM ynp8By Ba,ll, seMJLOJI. Ho !taRO je BeLaRa BapoAa 1 napTaja oBejaHBx 06peuoBBlleB8~a, ZMeJIa ,ll,a ornosae TeMeJL OBOj ABBacTBjH ca lbeOBBB]( pOAORalleAHBKOM, TO B Hap0,ll,BO-JlB6epa.llBa napT8j& eaarpame sa 60JLe ,11,& ,11,8 cao] raae y KOPBCT MBJloma. lIs lie~y OBe napraje R oBej&BBX OdpeROBBLeBa~a nOCpe,ll,OBaxy ORI npaspaeaana crape ,ll,HBaeTBje, ROjB cTapa,jyllB ee no HajBBme 0 TOMe ,ll,a. je BoenOCTSBe, CMaTpaxy oaer ,ll,a je ROPBCHO yTBP,ll,BTB B saROHRTS npana aapoaae eRynmTBHe, R

~ YBeeTB aese .IIB6epaJlBe pe4l0ple, C rora cy B npcaaaaa CBeCBB 06peBOBBheBI\B. Ho R8RO cy ORB RacRBje pa,ll,BJlB aaje,ll,HO ca JlJla,ll,BIl .IIB6epa.ll~Hla, B RaRO cy 61.11B saje,ll,BO roaeaa, TO CBa OBa napTaja. 6B nosaara no,ll, neHOB rrapTaje cje,ll,BlbeHIIX u6epaJla B CBeCHBX 06peBOBBheBa~a.

AaRJIe rJlaBHO nBTalLe y l£oje YOBpaxy 01JB eae rrapTaje, II ORO aora ee, Rao ORO RSRor eroaepa , osperame CBa IbBXOBa eBara, 6eme caepeleao y TOMe, Alt je uorpedaa Bella BJIB KalLa nposeaa y BJl8AB. CBeeT 0 TOj rrpOKeHB paSBBJlaje ee yRapO,ll,y ABa,J.eceTO - rO,ll,DmlbOM 6op601l' BS .e~y RlLaZeBCRe BAaeTH B BeJIBRRrua. ITo liaR H ,Il,BOpeRa napTaja Roja je zeJleJla AS eallYBa BpXOBBy BJlaeT sa Kapa~op~eBBlleM, & ORa je BOJLBa 6BJla,ll,a rrouyeT& Iboj RenpRjaTeJLeRBM aaneBBJla BRPOAHBX npeeTaBB&Ra ROjB cy ee Bell eTeRJIB Y BeorpaAY, H He 6& ee SRTeS8J1a Aa npaeraae HS pasae CAo60,ll,Ha ycTRaOBe. Ho Iboj BeL BBme BBey aepoaaaa , jep cy SH8J1B ,ll,a Ile OHa RaC-

31

uBje nopymuTB CBS eBoja o6eLaaa. II BeJlBRamlta OnOSBI\BjoBa napTaja ZeAe.l1a je 'l'aRO~e ueRBX nonpaaasa y ynpaaa, HO je ys TO repaaa esoje Alnue neaa B llIIaAS je y CBOjOj pa,lJ,aB ese Sa,lJ,aTRe oae ynopae 6op6e C RaaSOM, sa ROjy cy cIIoc06uH 611.1111 II npesamaa BeJlIIRamH cpneaor napO,lJ,a. OBejaHII 06peHoBuheBI\H KOjH HeMa~axy HU 1I0,lJ,Y- 3~TOCTII ·HH CMt'JlOCTH, TaRO cy HCTO MaAO nojMH.I1H cymTHBy pe4l0pMa soja 6exJ norpeoae Cp6uju sao ro,lJ, H Rapa~Op~eBI\H, Beh cy easo TpUlltH.IIII eBojy KOPHCT y r.lloJlteay aoje je pasABojH.I1o CTSPY ycraao- 6pa.uBJl811RY napTajy. Ho 60JbH 06peHOllHheBI\U noxarajy aa ee jom npeA cKynmTuuy npu.lLy6e Hap0,il,BO-.I1B6eps.I1Hoj napraja soja je HMua jacaa B O,ll..IlyqaH nporpaa. OBa. je napraja 6uJla Ha,lJ,MamBllja OA OCTa.llUX Tue, mro cHary lbeSHBY cacT3BJbaxy Haj06pasoBsBHjH JbY,lJ,H y Cp6DjH, .!by,lJ,D ROjD He 6exy YMopeHH BBRaRBHM roaeaea U .IlllllBHM S3AeBlIl\aMa. OHa je 6ua C.Il060,lJ,ua O,lJ, CBaRe HeC.I10re asayrpa, jep Huje pa,lJ,U.Ila IIO Dpe,lJ,y6e~eIhY y ROPUCT osor H.IlH oaor .I1l1l\a, U 6H.1la je Ra,lJ,pa ,lJ,a TBP,ll,O H o,lJ,cy,lJ,uo Pa/l,B, mTO 06H11uo 6HBS RaA cy y6e~elha o,lJ,pe~eHa H saje,lJ,BllllRa. CBe TO ,lJ,aBame joj TaRaB noaozaj Aa je y BSSeCHllM nllTalhHMa OBa MOr.lla Kahil na BeR nOMOhU y ROjOj . APyroj napraja , U.I111 je MOr.lla 611TU HR yMyru ,ll,pyroj neso] napTajH y nHTalhHMa. Roja 6u 6H.IlR jek Basa em lLeSllHHM. Ilapraja Rapa~op~eBllha U napraja BeJlUltamRe OIIOSHI\Hje llMa~axy esoje Bo~e H MeCTa sa eacraaaee. IIpBa Y ABOPY H Y caBeTY; ,lJ,pyra y I£YhU Mume AuacTIHlHjeBHha, ByqHha H I'apamsaaaa, llapTaja OllAjaHllx 06peHOBUheBana naje MOr.lla llMaTll HH BO~Y HH C~,II,llmTe, [eaao sa TO, lll'l'O ee aaje Mor.IJO CBe AO O,ll,CY,ll,HOr sopasa 0,lJ, erpaae cRynmTJlHe HSHeTH Ha cpe,il,y OTBopeBO II r.IlaCBO 6apjaI£ 06peHOBllha; a AJ!yro II C rora, mTO Ta napTaja 6eme caCT3B .. MHa MaXOM 0,11, Jby,lJ,H CTapllX SOjll cy ee O,ll,BBI£.IlH 0,11, 1I0ABTllllHe pR,IJ,lLe. Illro ee Tillie nspTaje Hap0,lJ,HO-.Illl6epa.llHe OBa je Ba3,lJ,a 6H.Ila enpeaas AS ee 6pso opraHHsyje, aeraaae nanpea eaoje Bo~e B ,ll,a ee npadepe ORO aHX Rao ORO esors Ope,lJ,UmTa, na )laRap ,ll,a ORa ,lJ,O ea,lJ, H HeBMa~ame HPBABSY sa OTBopeHY pa,ll,ay, a.llB je nR.lJa Y eBojoj Cpe,lJ,BHK )lHOrO ,lJ,apOBllTBX if O,lJ,Cy,lJ,HllX!by ,11,11.

OpraHHSal\Bja Hap0,ll,HO-.lJH6epaJIHe napraje noxeaa ee THIle, m~o ee HSBajnpe HB Cpe,lJ,UHe lLeSIIHe O,lJ,BOjUMa,/lO JW.IlO If>Y,II,B ROjH cy cnpe-

82

MB.IIB KapOA aa OORpe! y ROPHC' Tora Aa ee cRynmTHHa eB&KojaRo eaBOBe. OA Jf,YAB re DapTaje JOBaH HUh ROjB De 6eme ee6B1JD3 B B.IIaeT·O.lby6BBa sapaarepa , 6eme O,lJ, CBHjy Hajcnoc06BHjB ,lJ,a s6.IIBzyje .IIe6epaane 11 CBeCDe 06peHOBBbeB~e. Ro,lJ, aera ee caRynB Taj DpBB Rpyr cje,lJ,BILCHHX JlB6epaJla B 06peDOBBbeBa~a. Inn je 6B.IIO aeer: OTeB'fa MnajJlOBlb &ojl je BSO,lJ,aBRa 6BO y CReSB oa 06peHOBHhBMa, 11 soja je BMaO paSA1I1JDa SBaILa S& B.II&,lJ,e MBJlOma B MBxaj.lla; AB,lJ,pBja CTalteDROBBb ROjB je ,lJ,omao Da cKyomTDDY sao opeJl,ceJl,DHR LynPBjesor ORpYlItHOr cy,lJ,a; call JOBaR HUb SOjB je 6BO Ta,IJ,a npo4leeop 6eorpa,lJ,ese rBIlRasBje; PaDSO !ABIlDlh O~B~BP B Dpo~ecop BojeBe mRO.lle; MBJlOBaD JaDKOBUb CItOpamlhH eesperap y DOneUTeJf,CTBY ~HDil.DC1Ije, B Je~peM rpYBh eesperap Jl,pZaBDOfa easere, OUO cy ILBX Tpoju~a 6R.IIB 1JJlaBOBR BapO,lJ,B6 cRynmTHDe: CTaMellltoB1Ih, no esoae sBaILY, CTeBlIa Mnaj.lloBBh sao nOMaBB& jarO,lJ,IHCRB II JaBROBUh sao nOMaDHS 6eOrpa,IJ,CKB. Ho KaKO je aapoaaa cKynmTHDa MOrJla 6BpaTB S8 cBoje eesperape H ORa .II~a Roja He YAase Y esaon .lLeSHH, TO Jespea rpYBh H JOBaD HABb y npnoj ceABH~B 6YAY

nOCTaBJf,eDB y TOile 3B81LY, npaa orpOIlBOM BehiRO. raaeose, ,lJ,pyrB ea 217. I)

Me~y 1JJlaDOBBJ:a npaor Kpyrs . cje,lJ,BlLeDBX JlB6epaJl& B CBeCDBX Odpeaosaheaana, 6eme npeCTaBHB8 088X nOCJIe,lJ,ILBX CTeB1Ja MBxaj.llOBRb, ROjB je y ~eJloj Cp6BjB 6110 aa r.l1scy sao ea CBBM lIeeTBT B nonrea 1JOBCK. OD je 6BO 6JlBSaR MH.Ilomy jom B OD,lJ,1 Ka,lJ, je 00 oBaj OMO- 60,lJ,DB Cp6Bjy O,IJ. Typcltor roenoaapere«, neaao Il&JlO DO MaAO &11>3- :ateBCKOlle SBaILY, RaA je M1JJlom 6BO jom caaoynpaaaa B BaA je ee .emao 1JaR II y npasaraa :atBBOT CBOjDX DpB6JlBZeHBX. CTeB1Ja MBxajJlOBBb BOjH je TOJlBRO nyTa BpmHO passe CJJyz6eDe nopyse MD- . aoneae, B RojD je Dsj1Jemhe YIIpaBJf,aO ~YMPYI\BIla y AJleeBD~y, C.eJl,epeBy II Iloaapesny, 'feCTO je ee eyxo6Jf,ao C MBAomeM Y cBojn npBBaTDBM nOCJJOBBMa B 0,lJ,DOmajHM8. Y sanBCRRn CTeBqBHRK Roje jom Dlley BB,lJ,aTe BR CBeT, DO Roje caM ja uT40 y 'BJlaCTBTOll6 pYRonacy

I) Ilocae !LUX B8.jBBme je rJ18.COB8. Ao6BO (19 t) H8.1JeJIHB& nOJ1RD;ajH~r OAeJIe!L8., y nOUe'IHTeJLCTBY yHYT}J8.mILBX AeJ1a., JOB8.H PBCTHL.

88

aeroaoae, RaJl. call JIRHe Jl.OJIa.BHO y Beorpsa, HCIEpH1JaHe cy BeOIl8 S3HBJlJLHBe nojeAHHoeTH Roje RapaRTepmuy yByTpaUI1LH ZHBOT H S3- paBH Cp6Hje, upasaraa II BBaBnaB ZHBOT nBmlleB ,11,0 1842 rOJl.BBe. lis OBBX ee BanBeaR8 BBJl.B Be eaMO paAosBaJJoCT n.BXOBR nBcI\3, Beh D Be06BlIB8 T811BOeT Y BpmeJLy esoje AJZHOCTH B oJl.eYAsocT y remRBM TpeBYTI\Ua. Ilpeapsr ROjU ee AeCIIO' 1842 rOJl.HHe aaresao ra je Beh sao oRPyzBa Halle.IJBBRa. Ha TOMe ee npespary H npeRBJl.ajy sanllCRe CT6BlIHBe soje cy aacnaje nonyaeae RpaTROIl sanBCROIl 0 CBeToaHJl.pejeBcRoj cRynmTHB.IJ.1) II caJl. jom npa BajRpaheM nosBaBcTBY ea CTeBlIOM MBXaj.IJoBIILeM MozeMO y ILeroBY xapaRTepy BahB jom Be1ls6pHc8BY H BellcTpBeBY n;pTy paAOSBa.IJOCTB; ]{liMO Tora OB je JI.'()CTa p6J1.aRMe~Y Cp6l1Ma TlIB A06poJl.ymHor 1I6BeRa, ROjH Ila Aa je YCBOjHO CBe BaB.lJR.e [eaponeeors ZHBOTa, oner je ·C811YBao B y JlHlIBBIl Basopua H y cpeAII Rpyra CB ora ZHBJben.a, JLy6aB npesa cpn.CRlIIl 06B- 1J:ajBllla HS npe~amILHx BpeM6Ba. 3a nylly RapaRTepBcTHRY OBe JlBlIBOCTH JlozellQ AOAaTH, Aa ee y aeroao] RyLH 1l0Z611l0 Ba BeR BaLK ea JLYJl.ua CBBjy napTaja, caMO aao IL1IXOB npaaaraa ZBBOT BHje Baropeo.ABJl.pHja CTalleHROBBh, ROjB je YMpl>O, 6HO je saoro ll.IJa~B OJI. CTeBlIe M1IxajJlOBBha, H noseo je CBOjy CJJyz6y jom y noroae Jl.06a npse B.lJ8J1.e Mnaj.IJOBe, au je sa B.lJaJl.e Rapa~op~eBHLa TPnHO MBore BeJl.aLe y CJlYZ6H. 0,11, 1847 rOJl.HBe OB je 6110 Jl.yma APymTBa, mTO ee H3SHBame Jl.pYZHBa Opneae ll.IJaJl.eZH. 1848 roJl.. OH je ee npOT1IBHO Memaay 6eOrpaJl.CROra name M6X1l6J1.a Y yByrapae ep nese nOCJlOBe, sora je sa TO nOSB8.IJa can epnese B.IlILAa, 60jeL1I C6 TaJl.a MB.lJOmaB8 Bp60B3n.a. HsamaB DS Jl.BOpaBe rJl.e je

. MexlleJl. AaBao BaCTaBY cpnCRBI lIHHOBBBn;ua, CT8Il6BROBBh OJl.e roJlBJlHn;H Jllln;ejan;a mTO je Il8JlO nOJl.aJbe cTajaJla, odpae ee ana s6y-

I) Mopallo nOZeJlBTB Aa aanacse Cresxe MBxajJlOBBha y~y mTO cRopuje y mTallny. Y lLBMa je lItHBO HaCJlHKaH APymTBeHH ZHBOT y CplSRjH AO 1842. rOARKe. OC06HTO' cy SalUlll.lI>BBe UpH1Je: 0 6aMeILY CTenHHe 41aMHJlBje y BaaaTY nocae nponacra OA 1818. rOA. 0 lLeroBY nYToBaa.y y Ham , ~YMpy1JHOM CJlya:601lj 0 JlH'IHHM H nOpOAlI'IBHM /I.0AHpHMa C MH,'lOmeM,O Bp60Baa.y BeJllIRamItOM nporasy npaor RILas8 H 0 Yi!,aJI>elLY lLeroBY . BS oT8J;I6BHe. OCHM rora nacan OBUX sanBC8X8 Hila IIHOro AORY.OHaTa H3 rora A06a, ROjH TYMa'iO H AonylLyjy rseroae S8UBcxe.

C ... u. 1J0U8 lUPac ........

8

34

sea B BeBeCeO, pesaa OBaRO: "Aa BellaM BaAe aa MJlaJl,B BapamT3j A3 he OB BerAa nonpaBlITB CBe OBO, jo. 6BX nOJlYAeo OA MYRe." Ha CROPO noeae rora aaease aesor rypcsor HUBua Y AYhaHY jeABor 6eorpaAORor TprOBI\a, nOCTpeRHe CTaMeHROBlfhS 11 jom HeltOJlllRe 1I11HOBHlIRe Aa C HapOAOII OAY jeAHoM qJlaHY BJlaAe ea sSXTeBalLeM, Aa YARJlB TIpcRY CTPS3ty ea sapomsor mo.HI\II.. A BJlaAa YM.eCTO Aa BX saAOBon,B OHa BM oApe/~B Bf.llHTHY ROMBcujy, mTO BsaSOBe CB.IIHY OnOSBI\Hjy ROA 6eorpsAcRor rpa~aHcTBa. ApymTBo epncse CJI0BeCHOCTH no3typll ee re lIs6epe CTo.MeHKoBlIha so. csor lI.11aHa; a !taAo. CTRMeHKOBBh saje,ll,HO eo. APyrBM onTY3tHHMS 6H ocy~eH Aa ee oAnyeTB BS jl.l1Y3t6e, To.AR je 6eorps,II,clta onmTlIHa mHn,a.lla TpU nyra B.IlaAH AenYTaI\Bjy Olt nUOMeHBM nporeeros nporas OBaRe oCYAe. 1849 rOAl'IHe CTaMeHRoBBh 6H HajBpeAHBjB 'I.IlaH KOMHOllje Koja je S6UPaJI8 npasore Y KOPUOT 6RHaTORlIX Cp6o. , ltOjH cY nOcTpa,ll,3.11U 0,11, Mo.J,Iapa. 1851 rOABHe Ka,ll, 6B aaraopeaa ,lI,pyaHHR epnese lIJIa,ll,e3tU DR aaxresaae 6eOrpa,ll,OKOro. name, KOjB je ee TyZBO Ha pesa mTO ee npoeanaxy aa lLeSHHHII sajeABlIqRBM cRynOBBMR, CTaMeHKOBllh 6B npeMemTeH us Beorpaaa y qallaK. Hajaa,ll, OD je 6BO nOSBaT y epneaoae APymTBY RRO 1I0Be& Roja je BasAa nosarao OUpOTBBII ~aI\BMa, ROjB je CBaRe rO,D,lIHe atpTBoBao BSBecHY OyMy y mKOJlCKB ~OH,II, Cp6Kje, B ROjB je noaarso ,11,0. ee pasBBje naPO,ll,HO nosopamre. CTaMeHKOBBh sao ro,ll, B CTeBlIR MBxajJloBBh Buje Bmao y Jespony pa,ll,B aamer mROJlOBalLa, UB ra je oner MJlRAB aspamTaj BUCORO nomrosao, a B OH je ee APYZBO co. JLY,ll,BMa ROju ey TaAa y Cp6BjB 6BJlB nOHsj06pasoBaHBjB. AomaB y cKynmTBBy sao npe,ll,ee,ll,BBK oRpy~Bora cYAa, CTaMeHROBBh B11o.~ame jeABY TBPAY aaMepy -,11,0. UeRaz.e npea RlLaSOM B cRynmTBBoM RaRO OB aBrome CBe BJloynoTpe6e Roje cy ee yByR.I1e y yrrpaBy, Aa sax reaa Aa ee OBe sJloynoTpe6e: YRJloBe B Aa ee npBlle 60n,e B YAeeBBje yeTaDoBe. Ho pasroBRpajyh ee eo. CBOjB)[ APyroBBIla 0 ysajMBoM nOJlozajy napTaja, o ILBXOBBII paSHOJlBRHM TeZlLaMa, B 0 PRBJlBqBOeTH 6YAyhx nOe.l1eABI\a aoje Le MOpaTB oeeTIITH seMn,a rJleAajyh Ha TO Roja napTo.ja oeaoja. CTa-

.lleHROBn je 6BO TBIle jaRo AymeBBo norpenrea, I)

1) BR,lI,D: ZHBOT AH,lI,pnje CTaHeHKOBHha aanacao Jespex fpyjRh, y Beorpa,ll,Y 1869. roaaue.

35

PaHRO A.dlllllIllh amao je paAII BHmux Bojemx BaYEa y BepUH, II npeA mTO he cEynmTuHa 6BTU MSBaHa lLera AP&axy so. j6AHor OA nOHaj60.ILllx npo41eoopa 6eorp8Acl££l sojeae mEO.de. JOBaJI lI.IllIL POAOIl lIB PecHIIEa, yquo je 4lU.dOC041Bjy y BellY, II A01£ je ee 6aBBo y AycTpHjU, OH je ee ynosaao ca lJemEHIl jesH1£oII H KILBzeBHomLy.· R8A je ~ nOBpHYo y SaBIIlJaj OH je jom 6110 y APyroBHoj CBeSII co. IIHorn 'lemRD II MOBaUIIII no.TpIIOTallo.. Y Cp611jll je 6110 nosHaTlljll ,Rao OMII.ILeH llJ.o.AOIl HapamT8jy neeaas, 1£Ojll je Ylleo Ao. oaoju Y CBOjOj TBopeBBD 0 aenoTOM enoaaer 06.dBlJja Ay601£O cXBaLeHu HapOAHU AYX B [eaas, I} OCUli rors HuL je 1858. r. Mao Aonuoe y HOBocaACKe HOBUHe "Cp6cRlI AHeBDE" (no A SHaKOM §.) y KojBlla je TBPABO EaRO je npeso nOTpe6Ha HapoAHo. cRynmTBHa. MU.dOB8H JaHRoBHL U Jespes rpYllh 6exy Ho.jBpeAHujll II HajoAcYAHBju lJ.IlaHOBII Te~lHora EO.lla cjeAlIlbeHKx AB6epa.lla B CBecHBX 06peHoBUheB8l\a. OHU cy ee rOTOBO y jOAHO A06a YlIUJlII y 6eorpaAcRoll .IlHI\ejy H po.AB.IlH Y APYZHHU cpnc1£e M.Il8,11,eZU, Roja 6eme y npaeao] CBeSB ca MOBeHCItUM ,1I,PYZ1IHUa 1£oje oY I\BeTaJl.e TaAa y IlemTII 11 y llOZYHY (llpec6ypry.) rpYBL 6eme HaUSlleHI\e eeaperap, nOAnpe,1l,OeAHBE II npeoeAHuR OBe APY&UHe lJBjll oY lJ.IlaHOBB BMa.llB 061111aj Aa .IleTU -() paonyoTY nponYTyjy no YUYTaplLUII OEpYSHlla Op6uje, s6.1lH~ 3tyjYhB ee TaRO co. HapOAOIl. Y .IleTO 1848. ro,1l,. rpyuL je 6110 y Rap.IlOBI\UMa aa BeJJ.BEOj oEynmTBHII aycTpujcRux Cp6a EOjU YCTame Aa 6paHe cBoja HapO,1l,ILa npaaa npOTIIB llo.J;lapCEOr HaCII.lLa; a 0 Ilerpoay ,1I,aHY re aere rO,1l,UHe rpyjHh je 6uo y aapoaao] ORYnDITUHII y RparyjeBI\Y r,1l,e cy HeRU lJ.IlaHOBH re Apy3tUHe, 611J1.11 C6RpeTapH RO,1l, HOC.llaHHE8 noeeoaax ospyre. Be.llHRlI Aeo nO(lJl.aHBRa TecEynmTHHe S8XTeB8me ,11,8 ee OJl, oo.A HapoAH8 cEynmTHHa 080Taje peaoaao. Y HIIe nerpoaese esynmTUHe 611 HanBcaHa nOSUBHHl\a Ao. RILas Ao~e y ILy, 11 OBY nOSBBH1II\Y HaD1ICame IlJl.a,1l,B lJJl.aHOBB APYJltBHe. Rapa~op~eBHL OArOBopB ,11,0. OBaRB oRpyr B8.!>a Aa noaaeee Doce6HY npos6y, Y ROjOj Le IICTaBUTB. HapoAlbe Ter06e. rpYBh B ILerOBII II.pyroBII YlJBHBme II TO. rpYUh je naeao npeoTaBRY OA 6eorp8ACEor oRpyra; Ty je ee HS Me~y 00T8J1.0ra rOBOpB.IlO Ao. Ilopra Bella npaaa ,lI,a cTaje Ha nyT co.SUBaILY Ho.pO,ll,HHX

I} CPaB. Cpncse ROBHHe sa 1858 rOAHH}'. JI 77, rAe Hila oneaa lUHL.eBIIX necaae,

86

eRynmTBHa y Cp6BjB, a B.lJaAB ee npedaI\BBame mTO je TaRO nonYCTJLHBa npeA ITOPTOM. Rapa~op~eBBh OAfOilOPH Aa Ilopra BBrAa Be he npBcTaTB aa CRY IimTHBY, jep je lLeMY je,ll.BBOMe nosepaaa Aa 1IyBa nopeAaR. 0,11, 1849 fOABBe rpYBh BSYlJaBa y Xaj,ll,eJl6epry npaaae HaYRe B Myma np04ler.ope: II;en4leJLa, MBTepMajepa, P06epTa MO.lla H Paya; JaHRoBHh TaAa O,ll,e Aa BSY1IaBa 41H.11oc04leRe B RaMepaJlBe Hayse y XajAeJl6epry B nOXOAB Bep.IIBH. Ba TIM 0680 lItBRe Y Ilapasy y I\CJLB aayKe. 1858 rOA. OBB· BBI\RAY TaMO saje,ll.BBlIKB MUB enae ea BaTnueOM:

"Les Slaves dn Sud". OBaj je en Be AOCTa Ma6 mTO ee TBlIe BCTOpBjcsor BS.lJaralLa Aora~aja, aJlB je BPJlO OAeY,II,aB no npaBIlY B BanBcea je. ea eSHM y AYXy OHAamILe 41paHIlYCKe ny6JlBI\BCTBRe. HOBBDe "Moniteur" B "Journal des Debats" AOlJeKame OBY RILB&Bl\Y ca 0,11.0- 6paBalLeM; IUB je OHa YlIBDBJla p~aB YTBeaR Y Ilerporpaay, 6H sa- 6paILeBa y AYCTPHjH H ysanheBa y Beorpaay. ITa RaRO cy ee nHCI\H OBe RILBre BB~aJlB ca 06peDOBBhIMa RaA cy ODB &HBeJlB Y ITapBSY, B RaRO y JleTO 1858 rOABBe Bsa~e nOSHaTO nBCMO MBxajJla 06peHOBBha cpneuM BeJlBRamBl:a. - TO Y BeorpaAY AOBeAome CBe TO Y cBesy es" noj8BoJ( OBe RILBatH~e. nHCI\B Bsry6e ApaaBHo 6JlaroAejan.e, B A06Bjy aanoseer Aa ee npare y oTaJ,I6BBY; HO TY BM BeAaBaxy BBrAe Mya6e. TaAa rpYHh BSDOBa Ha. eBoj palJyB oAe Y Ilspaa B A06Hje cTynaB JlBI\eBI\BjaTa. HeToJ( Ba Rpajy 1854 rOABHe l'PYBh B JaBsoBBh 6exy npBMJLeHII y CJly:at6y; npsa Y SBe&eBY KaBI\eJlapBjy, a APyrB y SaHI\eJlapBjy MBDBeTapOTBa BapoABe npoeaere. 380 TIM je rpYBh YAeJlOBaO y paAY paSBHX APzaBBBX YCTaHoBa. 1856 rOA~Be OB je sanaeao HSBemTaj ROMBcHje, Roja je ca CTaBJLaJla TproBaue sa ROBe ; 1857 rO,ll,BHe OB je sa ApymTBo CpneRe CJlOBeeBOeTH nanacao paenpaay 0 eY,II,eRoj opraBHSaI\BjB y Cp6BjB 0,11. 1839 rOABBe, HO MHBBCTapCTBO He AaJl,e Aa ee OHa HamTana. 380 TIM je OB 6BO eesperap OBe ROMBcBje, Roja je CaeTaBJLaJIa saROB 0 RaC8I\ujoBOM eYAY, B Ba oeBOBY npe,ll,CTaBSe OBe SOMBCBje 25. Jasyapa 1858 rOABBe aaeansjoaa CYA ee no BOBO ypeAB,' B caA je Taj CYA 6BO CJl060AaB OA HapeAa6a saHBeTapeux, Roje ey npOTB'BHe saKOBY. Te BCTe rOABHe OH je YAeJlOsao y paAY OBe KOKHcuje, mTO je CaeTaBJLaJla saROH 0 APzaBDoj KOBTPOJlB, B' HajsaA je YAeJlOBaO y nB'calLY saSOBa 0 caSHBalLY caMe CBe-

37

ToaHApejeBcRe cRynmTHHe. ') MH.IIOBaH JaHROBRh 011. 1855 rO,ll,BHe ,11,0 caaaaaa cRynmTBHe, HamTMmao je Y 6eOrpa,ll,CRHM HOBHHna neaoaaao nO.llBTlIItO-eROHOMHlIX paenpaaa, ua soje je M.IIa,ll,e:at 06paTB.IIR Bp.110 Be.llBRY na:atlLy. HRjBeha aerosa aaeayra , ROjy My npaaaaaaxy B JLYAB npOTBBBU:X napraje , 6eme Ta, mTO je .IIB.lIUO YAe.IlOBaO y CRCTRBJLalLY npojesra, ROjB je Ha.llO:atBO easer OC06BToj ROMUCBjU. Ha OCHOBY rors npojesra 6H YBe,ll,eHS onnrra ynpaBa paSHHX HapO,ll,BHX ~OH,II,OBa, rAe je 6u:0 OTBOpeH sajaM CR nocTynHoM O,ll,n.llaTOM, mTO je 6H.1lo BeOMa aaaao , jep ce y TO ,II,06a HapO,ll, Y Cp6oju: YBa.llBO Y AyrOBe. 1856 rO,ll,BHe OH ,II,06uje sa npo~ecopa Y 6eorpaAcKoMe .IIun;ejy, ,II,R npeAaje

. nO.llHTBlIRY eRoHoMBjy B CTaTBCTBRY, a Ha CKoOpO npeA mTO he ee eaSBaTH CItynmTBua, OR 6H nOCTaBJLeU sa cesperapa MliHUCTapCTBa ~UHaHcHje. Te roaaae OH BS,II,a neCMY HanBcaHY psasepoa HapO,ll,RHX neeaaa, H OBa My ce neeaa aoae: "D;ap CTeBaR B.IIH CMPT AymauoBR.« 2)

ETO TaltH cy 6U.IIH JLYAB xaaeaora ROJ1a Hap0,ll,HO-J1B6epaJ1He napTaje. Ho UCTOM je ee OHO npu6pa.llo RR,II, My ee y,ll,py1tO jom HeRO.llBRO .I1Bn;a jeAuaRBX y6e~elLa. ea lI.IIaHOBHMa :Tora soaa, Me~y ILBMa uajsHaTHuja 6exy: JOBaH Be.llllMapROBuh npo~. sojene nrsoae.Joaaa AMBTpBheBlIh oesperap MURBCT. yHyTp. nOMOBa, CTeBa 'RBPUh, CTeBaH ...iYRUh, BacaMal]apeBHh, Ilerap rO.lly60BHh, MHJl.aH JaBItOBBh - CBe mRO.llCRB ,II,pyrapu Jeapexa rpYBha, ApeeuHje Tyn;aRoBuL, 'Rop~e HHROJlBL, MBJl.OBY!', Au. MapHUItOBBh, BJl.a,ll,lIMHp JOBauoBBL, ROjH 6exy M3~OM enojeaa Me~y C060M npC,II,alLUMR Roja O,ll,ymeBJLaBRXY ueRa,ll,a ApY1tlluy M.IIRAe3tB Opnese. Ma.llo no Ma.110 TOMe mBpOROMe RO.llY y,ll,Pyze ee jom 1I APyrn 1JJ1aUOBB Uap0,ll,HO-.IIB6epa.llue napTaje RaRO OUB, ROjB 6exy lJ.IIaHOBlI esynmTBHe, TaRO B OHB RojR He 6exy. TaRlIM CRJl.OnOM HapoAHO-.IlB6epa.llHa napTaja ABa B.IIH TpB ARBa y OllB cKynmTuBe 6eme Bel. npanpeaseaa ,II,a BOAR 60p6y Y CBOjOj nasa. Ho aaaepe OHe napraje , soja je repaaa ,II,OT.Ile Be.llHI£amsy onosRn;Bjy Rapa~op~eBHLy, jom jalle 3,11,py1tR Me~y C060M MJIRAe JlH6epaJl.n;e H CBeCHe Odpeaosaheane. II jeABH H APyrn jom 6exy y ,II,OABPY ea rapamauBBoM B ByuLeM, B OBH AOAHpH paCBeTJl.Hme BM saao je MaJl.O 6BJ10 omarer 1I3 Me~y 1L1IXOBe onoslIn;Hje

I) BRAH: Histoire generale des hommes vivants et des hommes morts dans le XIX-e steele, (Geneve) sub. v. Grouitch.

2) IIpe !.'OAHUY,lI,aua OBa je necaa H3,l1,aTa Y Bep.'lHUY Y UeHa'lKOM: npeBO,ll,Y.

38

BJla,ll,B Kapa~op~eBBLeBoj, B OnosB~Hje TpOeTpYKOra caBesa ByuLa, rapamaBBBa B MBme ABaeTaeBjeBHLa.

HsueuaABB AOJlaSaK ayeTpBjeKor Cp6Bua, ~eBepaJla CTpaTDBpO· BBLa y Beorpaa, 6eme npsa nOBOA Aa ee JlB6epaJl~B B qJlaBOBU TpOCTpYKora caBesa us Me~y ee6e eYK06e. CTpaTBBUlpOBBL eTynB y nperosope B ea npoeTBIl 06peBOBBLeB~BMa B ca BapOAUO-JlB6epaJiBOM napTajoM, HYAeh n y BIle ayeTpHjeKe BJl8Ae 'sa KaBABAaTa RlLasa MBxajJla 06peBOBBLa, jep MHJloma, saao OB BeJIB, Be Mory npHsuaTH BeJlBKe APzaBe. .llB6epaJl~H oaroaepe CTpaTBMHpoBHLy, Aa OUH BHmTa ae sBajy xoLe JIB BapOA MelLaTH ABuacTBjy BJiB Be Le, na dam aKO TO B yqBBII, OB Le CaM ce6II Bah I£lLaSa, H Aa je Y TOMe uapoA BajMalLe BOJLaB Aa Myrna eaaere AyeTplIje. 3a CTpaTBlIBpoBllLa ee nooAaBua IlBeJJ.IIJlO y BapoAY Aa on MyZB aycTpBjcRBM n;eJLBMa, C rora II aeroa AOJl8Sa1£ YUBB BenplIjaTau YTHcaR ua uapOA. TaAa MBJlOBaU JaBRoBHL, ROjII 6eme BeCTpnJLDBHjB OA CBBjy CBOjRX APyroBa, CRJlOnB 0AMaX AenYTa~Hjy 0,/\ nOMaUBKa psaaex oRpyra, nil. oAe C 1L0Me rapamaUBBY sao MBBBCTPY YBYTpamlL~X nOMOBa. Oa My BsjaBB Aa cy CTpaTBMBpoBRi.eBe arBTa~Bje y DMe AYCTpBje BenplIjaTue BapO,ll,y, ROjB ae seJl. Aa ee CTpaB~B Memajy y nOJlIITDlJRe nOMOBe rseroae , a OC06DTO y cRynmTBHCRY pa,lI,lLy, II SaMOJlR MHBBCTpa,ll,a YKJlOBII CTpaTBMBpOBHi.a BS Beorpena: ys TO ou ,lI,O,ll,a,ll,e jom, Aa aesa ORpyZHB UaqeJlUII~B, Oc06BTO qaqaUCRII, ITepyuBui., Ry,ll,B OTBopeBO npeA BapO,ll,OM CBeTOBalLa JaUKoBRi.a H I'pyHLa ea qJlaUOBBMa cRynmTIIBcRHM, H Aa ee no aapoma npoaoee rJlaCD, Rao Aa je MBTa .tl)oTBL B3 CMe,ll,epeBa easynao Tajuy xajKY, Roja xoLe A3 noy6Bja qJlaBOBe cRynmTBBcKe, II sao Aa je Ta xajRa Bana,ll,aJla BoLy Ba KyLe BeRHX narpaoea ; C Tora A8nYTa~Hja CMaTpa sa uy3tUO All 0 eBeMY TOile jaBII BlBHBCTPY, H Aa ra SaMOJlB Aa ee JlaTB noTpe6uBx Mepa, RaRO ee Be 6D RacuBje rOBOpHJlO, ,lI,1I. je cl£ynmTBBa psABIla no,ll, YTB~ajeM erpaxa, rapamaBBU O,ll,rOBOpB Aa OH SHa sa CBe TO, BHeKa eeuapO,ll,ynpH, jep je oanpeayaeo Beh aeonxoaae aepe npOTHBy rora, rapamaBHHY ee ullje BIIKaRO AonaAaJlO TO, mTO ee JaUROBlliI jaBJLa seero y BapO,ll,y C AenYTa~Bjall&, B RaRO je OA erpaae CODeTa nOJlaRO BmJlO YTBp~elLe JaBROBHha sa nOCJ1aHBRa II nq ,lI,pyroll Hs60py, II KaRO CBe aanaasme 0 RojeRaKe jopMaJlBOCTII" TO Uap0,ll,BO-JlH6epaJIBa nap-

39

Taja BSBeAe A8 je I'apauaaaa eBeMY TOMe OSJleBalLY SPllB, Jeapes rpYBh easynB OA GeorpaAesl'IX rpsl)ana BeJlny AenYTaI\1Ijy, soja je ee ZaJlHJlS npeA MUHUCTPOM mTO jeARH noeaaaas 6eorpaACSB He 1I0ze AS YAeJlyje y npsoj ceAHuI\B csynmTHHcsoj, RaA ee 6YAY 0AnpaBBUn1l 6Bpa.llu. I'apsnraaaa je rosopao All. OB HeMa re BJlSCTB AS CSSOBe COBeT y eeAHuny. rpYBh HIL TO pese, AS he OHAa AenYTaI\Bja BhB BYllBhY sao npeAceADHsy COBeTS. rapamSBHDY je TO no BHAHllo.e, 6HJlO aenpsjarao , H OH nomJLe npeAOOABHSY cRynm'i'HBcsoMe IJ,6AYJLY Aa nyeTH JaBROBHha y ceABlIny, 06ehaBsjyb AS he sacBBje nOeJlaTH H CaMO psapeaese 6OBeTCSO.

Ho H lIaRap AS je rapamaHHH 6uo nonycTJLHB saA ee cTBap TUname oaor ILIlH ODor JlBna us nspTaje DapOAHO-Jlu6epaJlue, oner sa TO OD je 6uo TBPA H CTaJtll.D Y nperoBopHlla 0 BazBBju nHTaILUJ:a. 1IeTUpH AaBa npeA APyry CeAHUI\Y cRynmTBHcRY Taj BCT1I JaHsoBBh nUTRO je oaaso rapamaBHBa RaA, je 6110 ROA aers: Illra OB uMH, xoke JlU ee Rapal)opl)eBuh S3ApzaTU na eBOII6 MeeTY, H aso He: TO mTS -OB MHMB Rora 6u APyror uSa6pa.llH sa R!LSSa ~ Ha OBO rlJ,pauraaaa OAl'OBOPH: "OB8j tl8AIl.ILU HlIRaRO He 1I0ze oeTaTH, a sa lLerOBO MeCTO BeRa Ao1)e onaj sore BapoA us6epe, na Ma TO 6110 H I\PBU nur8BHB." A RaA My JaHSOBBh Ba OBO npn~TH: "A aRO 6YAe US8- 6paB saaa Muxaj.llo 06peHoBHh ROjU je !tOA HapOAa, a oc06BTO SOA MJlRAeEH BeOMa nonYJlapaB ~" rapamaBuB pese: "He MHMUM Aa 6u OD 6110 RaAap AS yepehu OBY SeMJLY;" aJlB Be XTe peaa APyror saBAuAara. RaA JaB!toBBh saUBTa: mra Aa ee paAH aKO Rapa~opl)eBBh. naAne, rapamaHBH OArOBop1l, Aa Tpe6a paenYCT1ITR csynmTBBy Masap Ba no rOAR Be, a 1161)y THM he eaaer Bss6paTU BaMeCHHmTBO· Koje he BJlaAaTB SeMJLOII: Ha TO lIy JaHSOBBh 0ArOBopB: "Ja 6l'1X TO pasy.eo sao neRY npeAoCTopOZUY lIepy, KaRO 611 611.110 apeseaa Aa ee sa KlLasa asoepe mTO AocTojBuje J1VI\e, aJlII osa] sopsa 6110 611 Be ca.o aenonyJlapalf, Beh 11 onaeaa. Henonyaapaa C rora, mTO BapoA Be EMil Aa BpXOBB8 B-!laCT nOTBlIe us sora APyror Beh callo OA lLera; onaeaB sa TO, mTo aKO 6YAe eaaer 6upao aaaecaase, TO he re 6HTH: CaMO BB, ByUh B saneraa MHma - .TPB 1I0BeK8 KOjH ey ee ca)J. OA BeBOJLe caKynBJlB Aa YSAOBeRapa1)0p1)eBBha, - DO BB Be heTe 6BTB MOZBR

4:0

Y BameM Aa,MM Ae.llOBaIDY; a osaxo OTe aae rpojana OBlI noAjeAHalto ClI.IlHB: BlI OBOjll1l APZaBHH1H£BM onoo06HOOTBM8, - ByuL OBOjO](

6Jl11oKomLy ea HapOAOM, a MBma - rpAHlIM 60raTCTBOII; H a&o ee BII nOK8BJ;UlTe 1l6~y 0060]( OHAa Le ee B BapOA no~enaTB na TpH napTaje noAjeAHaKo OBa3tBe, a 60p6a OBaItO nonenaaax napTaja AOHe.lla 6H Baj&aJlOOBBje uOMeAB~e." H RRA ra rSpamaHBB Y8e YBepaB8TB AS AO Tora HHr All. He Le AoLB, JaHRoBBL pese, AS Le OH eBaRojaltO r.lleAaTH Aa ee oAynHpe nceeaa . .t.aH.Y HaMeeHHmTBa.

H AOR ese jaeHKje B8.11azaxy Ha BHABR n.llSHOBH OHBX .IlH~a mTO cTajaxy H a 1Ie.llY Be.llllRSmRe ouoaaaaje, Roja je OA 006e HanpaBlI.IIa TpoeTpyRH eases, - AOT.I1e ee 11 HapoAHo-.I1116epa.llHa napTaja OBe same 11 BJlme 86.1111 z.aBame oa lI.I1aBOBBMa oRynmTBHORIIJl. Jb YAlIll8 mTO caaoname TemlLB B mHpH Rpyr MJlaAHX .IIH6ep8.l1a B CBeOHHX 06peBoBHLeBa~a, npBAPyze ee no Haj.l1aR H aesoaaso HapoAHBx nOC.l1aHlIlta O,lJ, CBaRora ospym, HeRK nOMsHH~H AyxoBBora 1JlIHa, HeRB ORpyZHH Ha1J6JlHK~K H np6AceAHHnH OKPYZBHX CYAOBa. Bpoj jeAHOMBCJleHHlta H8- POAHO-.I1B6epaJlHe uapTaje paerajame TaRO HCTO 6pao lIe~y rpa~aHlI1l8 B OeJLS~lUla ROjB ee y TO A06a 6exy OTeIt.l1K y Beorpas I). eBIt oy OBB

1) Op, HapO,II,BHX nOMSHHKa p,oJl.azaxy OBB as npBBSTHS p,orOBspSlLS ca 'I.I.laBOBUM8 BSP0,tl,HO-AH6ep8JI.He napTaje: H3 8Jl.eKCBHa'lROr osprra ~ M}lIlOCaB TpBIflYHS~ H MUJl.oje Bpa'lHHSn;; BS 6eOrp8,t1,CKOr - JaHBhHje ,lI,po6a.aR H Toaop JaH~OBuh; U3 B8JbeSCKOr - ROCTa CTojmuh; U3 ryprYCOBS'IKor MHJl.om CTsHojeBuh; US· KpsryjeBs'IBor - 'I'oaop Tyn;SKoBHh; U3 KpajuHcKOr - II;eH8 .l.J.BJl.OBUh U CTeBSH HCSKOBHl.; B3 spymenaasor - MHJl.8,t1,BH Bomsoaab ; U3 nop,pUHCKor -- Caaa Bojnh U .iKuBaH Pap,omeBuh; U3 noZSpeBS'IKOr Ilerap Ilporah ; us PY,tl,HH'lKOr Byja Bacak, B JOBSH ,lI,aMjSBOBub; H3 caeaepeacsors - MSTBja Ilonoaak; H3 y3tU'IlI:or - Coa Mapul. U HUKO.J1S MapUHKOBub, 113 npaopexsor JOTa lleltoBHl.; B3 '1a'laHCItOr Byjs llaBTe.J1ujl.; B:i ma6anor Ilerap 'lleTpOBub B MB.J1UHItO A.luurnnh; H3 Jarop,HHCKor - MUj8.J1KO Pap,eHltoBul.; lIS hynpujcsor - Craaoje lle.J1HBSHoBub. Op, nOC.J1SHUKa ,lI.YXOBHor pena , npore:

Hra.8T Bacal, B3 .l.J.osHHlle, I'aspaao Ilonosak 113 YZun;e, ,lI,IIMIITpuje MII.Il0jSOBub 113 HerOTBHe, apXIIMSH,tl,PUT aaaacrapa Borosase, Jparopaje. Op, oKpyamn BS'Ie.IlHHltS U npe,tl,Ce,ll.HHKS OItPYZHHX cyp,OBS: AItCeHTBje CpehJtOBuh H3 Illanna, CHllla Ilporal, HS Caeaepesa, MU.J1HBoj JOBaHOBub U3 Y3tIIn;e, AKceuTlIje MapKOBlIh H3 RpymeJln;S, MaplIHlto P8,t1,OBSHOBHh, npe,ll.cep,HHIt alIe.IlaD;ujoHor cY,ll.s.

4:1

Ze.ll.HJlH He Calto,'l.a ee s6aD;H Kapa~OpqeBHL, Bel. Aa yRecy B JlH6epaJlHe pe- 4l0pMe y yrrpaBy. ITa KaKO npOCTB 06peHOBlIbeBIVI, KOjH cy CTpaAa.ll.lI y npe~amlLa npeaeaa, HeMa~axy HB cpeABmTa, HB Bo~e, TO ee MaXOM rrpllRynA.axy OKO JI,YAB ROjH cy nOmHpBJUI C060M MJlHRB RPyr RojBjeBJlaAao HapOAHO.II.H6epa.IJHOM napTajoM. OBB npOCTH A.YAB npaaaasaxy Bo~e .I1H6epa.llHe napTaje so. cBoje Bo~e, HaAajyL:o: ee Aa he y saje,ll,HHnB C ILHMa yenera y 60p6H npOTHBy 060. Ae.IJa, na Koja ee paerypa crape YCTaJl06paHH.lJaq napraja. O,tl, caAa OHlI Me~y YCTaB06paHBoD;na ROjll OCTame BepHII Kapa~op~eBBby, A06Bjy HMe "YAJlOpB.D;e" Kapa~op~eBHlteBe, a npHCTa.IJHD;e BeJlHKamKe OnOSB.D;Bje H.lJB TPOCTpYRor caseaa, KOjH cy Jlte.l1H.II.H Aa saBeAY HaMeCHBmTBO (KajMaKaMBjy) 6YAY np03BaHH "KajMaltaMD;na." TaRO AaKJI.e napraja cjeABlLeHHx JlB:6epaJla H CBeCHHX 06peHOJlRheBaD;a A0611 jom y nOlJeTsy cKyrrmTRHe S8 qYAO rO.ll.eMY CHary, HnjyL:o: YTHD;aja H HS rrOeJJ.aHBRe· BS YHYTpamILOC'i'H II aa Beorpasaae, a CBe npeso JI, YAH KOjll ee YXBaTHme y lLeSIIHO mHpORO RO.ll.O. CTeBqa MHxaj.ll.OBHh, KOj:o: 6eme HapoAY A06po II OAaBHO nosaar, deme .II.HlJKOCT Roja je npasynJI,ua 01£0.11.0 ce6e CBe 60je OBe napraje. HapOAHO-.II.B6epUHa naprsja KaAame ee Aa Hs6epe aera sa npeAceAHHKa cRynmTHHe; HO OH caMO A06H so. nOArrpeAceAHHRa, a so. npe,ll,CeAHBlta 6B Hsa6paK MBma AHacTacBjeBBh RajMaRaMcKB RaKABAaT, po~aR suaaes B Be.ll.UI£B 60raTam. Y CTaHY CTeBqUHOM CBeToBaxy ee M; AoroBopaxy MaXOM OHa .I1UD;a, Roja npuuaAaxy mapes Rpyry oae napTaje mTO ce ORO.ll.O aera npaaynaaa. ByqHb, I'apamanaa , H Muma AHacTacBjeBeL apao A06po pasYMeBaxy oHaj SHaqaj mTO ra je CTeBqa BMao Me~y MHor06pojHHM 06peHoBRheBD;HMa; npeso ILHX je sa OBO SHO.O H ynpaBHBIt 6eorpaACRora rpaAaOCMaH nama, B ITOPTlIH KOMeCap Ka6Y.ll.H-e41eHABja.

Bose KajMaKaMCKe napTaje, uja eaara Ha.llaltame nOrJl8BHTO OCJlOH3D; Y TYPCKHM qBHOBHHD;n3, O,ll.Jlaar.axy CBaRH AaH y rpaA H AoroBopaxy ee C ILHBa 0 npeBpaTy mTO Le HaCTaT! H 0 TOMe, R8RO be ee OH ospmata. ITOPTHHH npeCTaBHHD;H Beh ee HBCY BHme HaAa.llH 4a o,tl,p:ate y pYRaMa A.II.eItCaHApa Rapa~op~eBHba KlLaar.eBCLty B.II.aCT, HO Jlte.ll.eme Aa nOABprHy CBOMe YTHD;ajy Hs60p aosora !tlLaaa. I'apanaaaa je HeKOJlHKO nyTa saao CTeBlJY MBxaj.lloBuha,ll,a BAe saje,ll,HO C ILBJ: y. rpaA Aa ee 'SHAH co. namOM II KoncapOM, aAD [e CTeBlIa BaS,II,8 oA6Hjao

4:2

AIL OB H61la TallO BHKaKa noeaa. AJlH AorOBopBB C6 ca OCTaJlHII BO~a.a cBoje napTaje OB ee npaaoae H oAe y rpaA. EBO R8KO ca.. CTeB1I3 onHeyje Taj caCTaHaR Y CBOjBM SanHCltaMa. "Ra,\a BamB CYJlTaBOBI\H noeeasme C aralia; BaUBHmeB lIeHII lIeCTO. Ra6YJlIl-e41eaABja. sanBTa: mTa cRynmTBHa. eaepa Aa paAB ~ Ha OBO je,ll.aH oaro- - aapame jeAHo, a APyrB Apyro, AOR Ra6yJlB He sanBTa B seae sa OBO. Ho Ty ynaAe y pes By1JBla B pese: "HHje BaM nOTpe6BO xeCTHTH E41eHABjo (TY OB npaaeee PYRY C nomTOBalLell raaaa) HHRor nHTaTH, - CBe KaRO CaM BaM ja rOBopBO, H mTo call Ball sasao, OHaRO Le H 6HTH. MB Lelo ypaAHTB KaltO Hall je naeao BeJlBRH CYJlTaB (oner PYROM). HHmTa APyro He Lello, HO KaKO je nap (oner xsme PYROM) SanOBe,ll.BO, TaRO Le ypaABTH B cRynmTBHII.. RaA TH ja RaZell, OB,lI.a Le raao H 6BTH. (I Ja caM LYTao; aJlB he Ra-

, Ciyu pesa: "r. ByllHhY BBje aropera Aa HaM mTO H Mycje CTeBlJa Raze. (I - "ITa aesa ra! (I AOAa,ll.e BY1JHh, a Ra6yJlB aanara.: "illTa BB Mycje OTeBlJa UMHTe 0 esymnraaa, mTa lie OHa paABTB ~ (I Ja IlY oaroBOPHX, Aa CaM ja TeR CaMoje,ll.aH lIJlaH eaynnrraae Y KOjOj HIla ORO neT CTOTBHa If>YAB, KYA L.y ja sHaTH mra IlBMB TOJlBKa rOIlBJla ~ - "Ex eJl6eT, pese aa TO Ra6yJlB, y ase HapO,ll. Hila IlBOrO aepe B BB oner YTBI\aja HR IL - na ,ll,a&Jle 1I0zeTe. 0 TOile SHaTH. (I - Ra,ll, cxynmTBHa CTaHe paABTlI, O,ll.rOBOpHll ja, Ta,ll,a tty sap B A03BaTB mTO, a C8A jom Be SHaM HBmTa. .- Ha TO he BYllBh peha: "xaKO BaM ja Ka.&elf, OHO je OHaRO B OBaKO he B 6BTB. (I 3a TBII CYJlTaBOBI\H ce nOKJlOHe ROMecapy , H OH ILBMa, B CBB B3a~e.0. 'Ho [aeao je 6BJlO Aa cy CBB roBOPHJlH APyralle HO mTO cy IlBMBJlB. To ee BH,lI.B H OTYAa, mTO lie je BylJHL. asao noeae ABa nyTa npeso esora CBHa CTelJlaHa, B eBar,ll,a call IlY ja O,ll.rOBapao "HellaM KaA (I. Au R8A Me H no rpeha nyT nOSBa, OBAa ja. ,ll,OrOBOpBM ee Hajnpe ea CBOjBM ,ll,pyroBBIla, na oAeM. "Ja eaM sae saao BS npBjaTelf>CTBa, pese MB BYlJBh, ,ll,a BaM RazeM &aKO caAa cToje CTBaplI, jep Iloze 6HTB BB TO B He SHaTe, a KaA lJOBeR He SHIL oHAa xoae JlaCHO Aa SaJlYTa. EBO L.y Ball nORILSaTB ca,ll,a - B yse mBpBTII no eTOJlY CYJlTaBOB 4lepllaH. - rJl6,ll,aj, pese, oBaj I\apCRH lJIepMaH ROrll. AoCiBX ja B IIJlBja rapamaHBB. Ilsp HaM /J,aje y aMaHaT Cp6e B Cp6Bjy, AIL MB eaaoseao cRynmTBHy H Aa pYRyjello lL01l6, II CaMO OBO

43

mTO liB yqBDUO B yrJlaBBIIO, B nap Le BepMaTB B nOTBpJI.BTB. A y Te6e lIBDB lIlB ee uajy caAa Jl:,YAB saoro 'aepe, C Tora TB TO B Rasyjell, Aa SDam B Aa He JlYTam cTpaDnyTB~OM., Aa De 611 II DapoA aaaeo, na ODAa CTSO S60PIITII Aa DBmTa HIICII SBSO. ETO caA sDaj! ARO xoLem ja Ly Til OBSj ~epllaH AII.TH npeBe,ll,tlH as cpnCRII, Aa ra B CaM: npOllllTam. Til YMem lIBTaTII~" - YMeH, ~JlB B 6es rora BepyjeH Aa Ball je Taj ~epMaH aao mTO sasere CYJITaH noesao. MeBII He Tpe6a Aa ra Da epneaa npeBOABTe .. Ja CaM llyO CBe mTO U peROCTe, B XBa.la BaM Ba TOj npajaresoso] pe1JH. A.lB BB CaMB SHaTe Aa ja He Mory DumTa caM ypaABTH. - ,,1:1 TO je BCTBHa, pese BYllHh, aJlIl tTaplljll Ilory RaBeCTB Da mTO Jl:,YAe, a 1l0rYBX B YBApzaTII 0,11. 1Jera." - AJlII ja. caA DllcaM BpBB erapentaaa, pesox ja cHemeh ee (TY je CTeBlIa IlIlIlJlIIO Da us60p MBme ADacTaclljeBuha sa Bp6AceAHBRa cRynmTBBcRor). "A OBO TB 6ap paAII OHOJlI:lRO ROJIBRO 0,11. Te6e saBHCII, BO ~apCROH ~epMaDY, a BBme HllmTS." -,- If DS OBe pe1JH lIB ee PaoTaAOCM.O. To Belle ja caM npll1Jao CBOjBHa RaRO Hac je CY.lT8.B Aao BOA TYTOPCTBO BYUha II I'apamaaaaa, B HII ee jom 60Jl:,e YTBPABIIO y Hamoj BuepB."

lloJlozaj napraje Beh je 6110 06e.te:ar.en. Haaepe ILUXOBe 6B.te cy [aeae. Basaso je OTn01JeTB noeao,

Y Be1Je 3. ,lI,eKeH6pa y 01lB APyre ceAHB~e cKynmTBBcKe, RaA je BaJl:,aJlO Aa je IlBe1JaHO CaM RlLa3 OTBOPB, TeCBO R0J10 HapOAHO-.Illf6epaaae napTaje CBeTOBame ce 0 TOMe mra Aa ee paAII. AHAPBja CTa.MeBKOBBh npeaaarame Aa He Tpe6a s6a~BBaTB saasa, .Beh Aa je AOBOJl:,BO 0AyseTu My caao MOh Aa BallTaBH BJlaAY y AOTaA31f>ell AYXy; Aa ra npasoay Aa YTBPAB saROH CTaJ1HOr eaaaaaaa esyanrraae, B ORpyZlIB ra Mo60ABBjUM YCTaBOB3IIa OCTaBBTB DajnomToBaHBje Jf>YAe BS ua\era HapamTsja Aa ynpaBJf>ajy paAIbOM. Ho OCTa.ll1l 1JJlaHOBB JlB6epaJlHor Rpyra aoaasame CTaHeHROBllhY, Aa cy rJ1aBHB llJlaHOBII npe\amlLe YCTaB06paHB.II.allKe napraje Beh cnpeU.II.II naA KlLazeB, B Aa De Le yc_ TYRBYTB 0,11. CBOj:o:x aaaepa: TaAa CTaHeHROBBL nOBYlle HaTpar npeasor Aa JlII6epa.tH8. napTaja 6YAe nocpeABH~a Y MBpelL y B3 .e~y RlbaSR, B.II3Ae II HapoAR. flo IICTOM TeR mTO npeersae npenapaa ROjy HS3SBR YMepeBB npenaor OTaHeHKoBBheB, RaAa Jl:,YAB ea CBHM cynporae RpajlLocTB Bsa~ome Ha epeAY ea CBOjBM HHelbeM. BeorpRAIlKII nOMaHIIK, MIIJ10BaH JaBRoBBh,

44

npeaaaranre 0,11. cBoje erpaae ,lI,a ee ossso ypaAH: 1JlUl RlLa3 ca C3BeTBH~BMa II nOnellHTeJLHMa y~e Y ABopaHY cRynmTBHcRY, Aa 0py3taHB Beorpahaaa 0AMaX onsoae Ryfiy rAe ee APze ceAHB~e, Aa nOY3,11.aHH A>YAH noceAHY CBe IIS.IlaCKe B ,ll.a HIIKor He nymTajy KS .iaopaae. 3a TBM Aa ee np01JIITa 6eceAa, KOjOM ee ItlLasy, COBeTHII~BMa H nOne1JIITe.ILHMa HYAH OCTaBIta; II aKO OHK He 6H HR OBO npaetaaa, oHAa ,lI,a ee np01JHT3 APyra 6eceAa, soja 611 !I06YAH.Ila CItynrnTuHY AS caMa oraaca Aa s6a~yje ItILa3a II 1JJlaHOBe B.IlSAt1, Aa IIX ouarnyje sa aneeaase, II Aa noeae rora cKynmTHHa Y3e8 na ee BpXOBHy BJlaCT, u36epe oA60p KOjH 6H HMaO 113- spuray B.IlaCT, a y Taj oA60p Aa y~y lJJlaHOBU .Ile6ep3JllIe napraje, II Aa neao Ae.110 ,lI,oBpmU nporasmesea MU.Iloma Odpeaoaaha aa saaaa cpnesor, AJlU My onronopanre Aa cjeAlIlLeHa napTaja .IlH6epa.lla H CBeCBHX 06- peaoaaseaana He Tpe6a AS ee lIema y nHTalDe 0 36a1l..e1LY RRpR~op~eBulta, Belt Aa TO OCTaHe l£ajMaItalll~Ua Aa ra OHH perne, ltoje he y TO lie nOAnonraTII He callo nopTHHB npeCTaBHB~H, BeL. II oBejaHH npaapaeHB~B Onpeaoaata. RaAa aa OBO npBCTaHY CBB mTO cy Tyua 6H.IlH, oHAa JeBpell rpYHh npeA.llOJltH Aa HapOAUO-JlH6epaJlHa napraja asaeee OBe npeA.llore npea cKynmTBHY, npe Hero mTO ee BmTa CTaHe paAHTH Y ~eA>H Aa ee Rapa~op~eBBIt YR.IlOHB B HOBB RIl>33 B36epe: 1) Aa ee y HMe aapoaa 6.1laroAapH CBua samTHTHHIl CH.Ilna mTO cy sa -apeae l£pullcRe BojHe npaaaaae HeYTpaJlHOCT Cp6Hje, Aa 6u TaRO nOAUrJlH cRynmTBHY y jaBHoM .HeILY B y [eaao orpaaaaa cpncRB HapOA 0,11. MemaBIIHe AycTPJlje Y seroae no Mona , Roja je 1854 rOAIIHe nperaaa Aa BOjCItOIl saY3Me Cp6Bjy, II cKojOM cY ee caAa cnopa3YMeBa.aH JI ItlDas H TYP~B B Itoja je, sao mTO cy TaAa AP3taJ1H epnesa naTpujOTH, mTO je ee sacHBje U 06BCTHHII.aO, XTe.aa YBeCTH CBOjy BOjCl£y Y rpM 6eorpaAcu, lJeMY je CTSJ1a Ha nyT PycBja B c))paH~ycRa; 2). Aa epnesa Hapo,ll, usjallA>yje Ilopra RaRO My je Hen.ao mTO ee y yHyTaplLe nOMOBe saeaeBBHe .emajy lLeSHHH 1IHHOBHB~B; 3) lloAHeTH npojeRT 3aROHa Aa ee npaaaaao B peaoaao CaSUB.lLe cKynmTBHa y TOj ~e.lbH, Aa HS eser Aa yjaMu II YTBPAII Ty BazHY YCTaHoBY y UCTOPHjH cpnCROr HapoAs. rpYHIt ,ll.OKaSHBam~ ,ll.a He ,lI,onymTajyltu HajcTapuje lJ.aaHOBe HeRaAalLe YCTaBo6paBH..1S1JRe napraje ,ll.a OHlI BanpelJa~ cypBajy KlLasa Rapa~op~eBHL.a, Hap0,ll,O-.IlH6epa.aHa napTaja xoae ee ROpHCTOBaTH U lLHIla

45

anpa CTaJlBI\aMa SlbalteBBM: jep OBa TaAa xose JlaCHO YTBPABTB Y OT8I,I6BHB .nOJlBTBlIRY B .IlnHY CJl060AY saROHOM 0 csynm'rlJ:HB, 0 CJl060AHOj mTaIlna, jaBHoM B YCMeBOM cy~eILY B APyrBM TaSBM YCTaHOB8Ma, na mTO he npaeTaTB B saaa AJleRC8HAep ca eBojBM caBeTHB~Bla y B8AB, Aa Le ee TBM nonymT3ILeM OApaaTB; 8 napTaja BYlIBha, rapamaBBaa B MBme AH8cTacBjeBHLa aopal,e npBCT8TB ys ILBX, Aa Be 6H AOmJla ca eBn y eyR06 ea JlB6epaJlBOM napT8joM B Aa ee He 6B 06pYRaJla npeA HapoAoM. HaPOAHO-JlB6epa.llHa napTaja HeTOH oBAa nomro A06Bje npaasaae OBHX pe«IJopaM8, no MHeILY fpYHheBY, aose OTBOPBTB nOJLe Aa paAe Bo~e BeJlBltamRe onOSHI\Bje, ,11,8 cypBajy Rapa~op~eBBLa; UB BB reesa HB mapa &pyr ejeABILeHHX JlB6epa.lla B CBeCBBX 06peHOBBheBaI\8 HBTB BltOjB 0,11, npaspaeaasa OBe napraje, He Tpe6a HB nomTO Aa ee BCTBlIe HanpeA, RaA ee oanosne paA 0 s6atzeILY Rapa~op~eBBLa' - TO BaJLa es CBn oeTaBBTB RajM8R8MI\BMa, B tzJl8HOBB HapoAHO-JlB6epaJlHe napTaje JlOry 6aMO npBMBTB OHe xepe mTO lIM npeJl,.lloaB TpOCTpyRB eases. H nomro BeL Be 6YAe cyMILe Aa .Le Rapa~op~eBBL naCTH, OHAa HapOABOJlB6epaJlBa napTaja BaJl)a oner Aa 6TaBe aa epeAY, B Aa YAe.llyje y nOC.lleAlLeM aRTY, RojUM ee RILas s68~yje; RaRI) 6u ee oBaj CTBR orJ1aCUJlO Aa ee BPXOBB& MaeT npeHOCB aa cuY BapOABY cRynmTBBY, soja 6B

. Ty jom OApeABJla ynpaBBHRa peryJ1apBe BojcRe B CTOJ1BI\e RILaaeBe, ROjB 6B cTajao nOA lLes~HBII BenocpeABBM HaAsopOM sao ro,ll, B MBHHeTpB ROjB CBII- BaJLa ,11,8 06TaHY aa 6BOjBH MeCTBMa. 3a' ynpaBHBR8' eMep8XY Bsa6paTB CTeBtzy MBxajJ1oBBLa, a sa aerose nOMohHBRe Jo-

BaHa BeJ1B- MapRoBBLa sa nO.llBI\Bjy, B PaHRa AJ1BMnBLa sa BOjCRY. Ha can AaH Tora upespara nm.llaxy Aa He Tpe6a HllmTa cnOHBILaTB o COBeTY B ILerOBBM lI.1l8HOBHMa ROjB cy 0,11, 1839 rOABHe UMa.llB ynpaBHy BJ1aCT. TOM ROM6BH8I\HjOM YSAame ee TeCHO RO.110 Jl.B6epU8 B CBecaBX 06peHOBBheB8I\8 Aa eaepeae y cRynmTBBB CBY CBOjy B.IlaCT B eBY ca8ry, ,11,8 CTaHY aa nyT Aa ee aeCTBOpB HaMecHBmTBo, na tzaR B AS Hs6eray ornopeaa cYR06a ea OCTaJlBM n8pTHjua. Ha aaspmersy B8J1)a.110 je lIeR8TB sroABY npHJ1BRY Aa nporaaee RILaS8 MBJloma, r.lleA8jyLu Aa npeAynp6Ae aeBs6eatHY Y TOM CJl.Y1l8jy cBesy BS Me~y npIICT8JlHI\a R8- p8~op~eBBheBHX B RajMalt8M8. QJ18HOBB M8J10r8 Itpyra YCBoje eBB je,ll,aoraaoao npaa TpU npeAJlora I'pyaheaa. A.IlH. aa ILerOB AaJLB npo-

! .

46

rpRM paA& Y,II,apBme MBora, ocodno JOBaH IIJlBL ROjB je ,ll,OK&SBBaO ,11,& Le 6BTK 6ecYMILe BeJlBEe xaeae &1£0 ee 06peHOBBL OrJI&CB sa KlLasa oBaj Max nomTO Rapa~op~eBRLa s6a~e. Hajsa,ll, eBB npBCTame Aa cKynmTHHa 0AMaX 1I0mTO 060PH Rapa~op~eBHLa YSMe ce6B BpXOBHy BJlaCT, R 0AM&X oraaea MRJlOmR sa RlLasa ell. HaMe,ll,HHIl npaBHlla. Illro ee Tne nOJl,BomelLa npsax npe,ll,Jlora npeA eRynmTHHY, YCBojBme oBaj peA: Hajnpe je BaJLaJlO BsaLa ell. npojeRToM aasoas 0 cRynmTIiIHB, sa TUM All. ee BsjaBIiI 6Jl3rOAapHocT samTBTHHII ,lI,pZaBall& B zaJI6a IToPTB; yrosope All. ona] naaa eaomsre HajnosHaTHliljBII B HajBepRBju 'I.IlaHOBIiIII& BapoAHO-JlH6epaJIHe napTaje, HAil. ra caRpBjy 0,11, npoersx 06- peHoBHheBa~a, 0,11, 1t0jHX 6R MOrJlB npOROlIaTIiI RojemTo IIPBCT&JlB~e Rapa~op~eBBLeBe B RajMaRaIIOB~lI. I)

Ila B oner ~eJla cyTpamlLa eeaaana cRynmTBHcRa npo~e y sejeKaRBU. "ReODXO,ll,HBM fj)0PII&JlHOCTBM8". Ilocae Myz6e Bozuje y ABOpaay cRynmTHHCRY y~e Ribas, B nOneUTe.IL BHOCTpaHHX ,lI,eJIa npOUTa npeA IbBM TaRO HasBaay npeCTOJlHY 6eceAY. Y 1L0j ee roaopame saRO je ·6ajarB O,ll,aBHa ZeJIBO saaa ,II,a. caRynB ORO ce6e H3pO,ll,ae npeersaBlIKe, All. ee a aje,ll,HHUH noeaseryje C ILIII& 0 SeMa.ILCRIiIM nOMOBBlI8 H HCKasBBRxy ee y T~j 6ece,II,R paaoeas oceiIalL3, mTO je ee TaRa cKynmTBBa je,ll,HOM Beh CaeTRJl3. CnOMeaYB onaeBOCTR, ROjHll& je RCTOllHa BOjH8 nperaas Cp6BjB, npeeroma 6ecc,II,a nOKaSBBame na OHe epehae nOCJle,ll,H~e, mTO ey IiIS Ilapaesor TpaRTaTa BSamJle sa MJlRAY epnelty RHezeBRHY. ITpeeTOJlHa 6ece,ll,a npeJlasehlil Ha YHYTaplLe nOMODe, npaSURBame ,II,a OHR He RAY eBB 6am RaRO Ba.ILa, B e rors ee nOSIiIB.lLY lJJl3HOBB eKynmTIiIHCRB,II,a c8Mymajy BJla,ll,BHe npeaaore 0 HeKoju nara!LBMa, iii Aa can nORaaty CJla6e erpane ynpase. Ha saBpmeTKY HsjaB.ILBBame ee Ha,ll,a, Aa Le cltynmTBH:t DOhB saROHIiITJIM nYTe., ROjH 06eLaBa up iii epeL.y oTaI,I6BBH. ITo mTO 06jaBIiI ,11,11. je cRynmTJlHa OTBOpena, aaaa OAe. MBm.ILaxy All. Le npeACeAHBIt cKynmTBHeRH, MBDIa AuacTaelljeBIiIL rOBopHTH 6eee,ll,y, au rora Be 6B. Ta,ll,3 jeAaH ee-

I) Foaopesa 0 caeroaaspejeaceo] cKynInTHHH ja caM ce aopacrosao OCHJI npOTOKOJla !LeSHHHX H aonuaa JOIn H aanucsaaa HeKO.llHltHX 'I.IlaHOB& lLeSHBRX.

47

sperap, Jespea rpYBL, BSHeCe npe,ll, cltynmTHBy BeKOJl.BItO OllalLBX naraaa, ROj a ee THqy 6eJl.eEeILa y npOTOKOJl. OHora, mTO ee 6YAe roBOPHJl.O y cKynmTHHR, 1I0,ll,nBCBBalLa npOTOKOJl.a, paqYHalLe rAMOBa, npa rJJ.acalLY B T. A. Ho jeAaH Itapa~op~eBBL.eBaQ, npe,ll,Ce,ll,HBK HeroTBHCKor OKpYEBor cYAa, CRMa AHacTacRjeBBL, RojB je nojaao 1t0Jl.RKH je SHaqaj YAeJl.OBalLR eesperapa Y cKynmTBHCRBM nOCJl.OBBMa, nil. 60jeLB ee YTRQaja lLBXOBa OHAa, aKO HM ce ,lI,OnycTB All. Mory BMaTB npaac raaea, BsjaBB, All. eesperapa He MOry y,ll.eJ10BaTB y ,lI,e6aTH esymnraaCKOj, jep OHB HBCY nOCJlaHBI\H. rpYHL nOXBTa All. My aa OBO oaroaopa 'UITaBOM 6eCe,ll,OM. "Ja caM oaaaao eesperap Y cOBeTY, pese OH, - TaMO aory CBar,ll,a rOBopHTB R HIlKO MRHe CMeTa CBOjHM npHMeA6ua. Ja caM naeao Taj saKOD aa OCHOBY sora ca,ll, pa,ll,B cRynmTBHa, B SHall ,lI,a My HB HajMa'lLe He npOTRBYMOBH, aKO 6B eespeeapa Sal\aJl.B KaKBO aarase cRynmTBHH, HAB joj mTO rOA pacTYMalHlJ1B. PaSMBMUTe caMB. §. 4-TB B'eJ1B: "HapO,ll,Ha CltynmTBHa 1IMa ,lI,Ba ceapetaps" , nil. OH,lI,a ,lI,aJ.Le: "HO cKynmTBHa MOEe Bsa6paTK sa cesperape H qBHOBBHRe, ROjB He Mory 6UTB nOMaHDQB, B BAaAa BaJ.La Aa nOTBp,ll,B OHa ABQa, Roja 6YAY TaRO Bsa6paHa,. Ho eesperapa aaaripaaa RSBaH cltynmTHHe He rJ1acajy RaA ee UHTa sa IIHelLe." AaKJl.e, saROH paSJ1lf1tyje raae penraBajyLH, ROjH ee npa rJlacalLY YSBMJ.Le Y pasya, ,lI,a ee SHa sa mTa je BebHa rJ1aCOBa, B raae cBeTyjyLo, T. j. 1t0jB,lI,aje caMO OBO B.I1H OHO TyilaqelLe. 3aItoH OHO npao npaane sa6palLyje, B ja, pasyMe ee, He l,.y 6BTB ra], RojB 6B xreo saROH ,lI,1 060pR. Ho CaMBM HaqBHOM, 1t0jBM 00 TO sa6palLyje, 1I0Ee ,lI,a ee saKJ.LYu, ,lI,a ee ,lI,pyro npaao oCJlo6a~a. OCBM Tora, lLera nOTBp~yjy jom B caxe eeaperapese ,lI,YJltBOCTB. Ja BX nosHajell, B 1IHCJlJlM ,lI,a ee npOTOKOJ1 He All. BO,ll,JlTJI, aKO eesperep He CIe nBCHYTB y cRynmTBHB, Aa aanara, B.I1B mTO o6jacHB. Hajsa,ll" ja BaM ee HBcaM CB.I1011 BUeTaYO, Hero ere Me BB caMB yse.l1B, C rora BJ1B Ly pa,ll,BTB sso mTO Tpe6a, B sao DfTO CBB xoL.e, BJ1H He Ly HB All. 6Y,ll,eM OBAe; H nese ce HHRO He HaAa, Aa L.y ja pa,ll,HTB OBOMe H.I1H OHOMe sa xarsp , All. Ly nRcaTH BAH rOBopBTH OBaRO RaKO _ ee OBOM HJ1B OHOM CBB,lI,R, Hero L.y paABTB eBoj noeao y OHOMe CMJICJly, ROjB 0,11,pH,lI,H CBa C)\ynmTHHa B ROjR xoL.e neo HapO,ll,. C rora MOBil csynmTHBy ,lI,a pemB OBO naraae , jep .lIteJl.RM SHaTB cnoja npaBa B ,lI,y.lltHOCTH.

48

PemsnsjYhB OBO narase BB heTe lUlaTB npe,ll. 01JB1l&, Aa ee Mojn raaeos , sora ja He hY AaBaTH npa HCKynJbalLY raaeosa, He P'ymH sasoa, H Aa He he 6HTB mrere H8POAY. Tue, mTO hY H ja YAeJ10- BaTH y nperpeeaay SeMaJbeRHX nHT81La, II mTO Ly AaBaTH TYllalJelLa, mTO IlHMBIl AS HB je Ay:ar.HoeT." 'CRynmTHHa pemH Aa ee SaXTeB8lLe Cne AHaeTacHjeBHha He H01£e yB81£HTH; Aa eeaperepa HHajy npaao eaeresaaa, H AS je TO mTa BBme H !bHlla AY1£HOeT. OBO npaso II AYZHOCT TYMaIJ:eIL8 orsopame rpYBhY H RUhY, ROjH 6exy lJJlanOBII reeaor Rpyra HapOAHO-JlB6epaJlHe napraje, BeOMa BazaH nOJlozaj ea BeJlRRBIl YTB~ajeM, jep ey 0,11, eaA MOrJlH y,lleJlOB8TB y nperpeeaay eBHjy B8ZHUjBX nHTalLa aa call oj cRynmTHHH BOA BBAOM TYllatIelLa, BJlH BS enoje BJlaCTBTe zeJbe BJlB na aexreaaae ssseor nOC.llaUHlta, RojH je 6HO jeAHe napTaje C ILHHa, npeaa AorOBOPY ROjH je Beh 6HO Y(lJlOBJbeH Ha caeTaH~ua reeaora spyra. Y TOM Rpyry Beh je 6HJlO pemeao, Aa eaeTOBalLe eesperapeso He Tpe6a YUOCHTH Y npOTOKOJl R80 noeedae H eaaoeraaae npeaaore, Beb ueK8 ee yBpCTB y omnre HSJlar8lLe MHeILa soja Aajy nOMaHH~H re acre napTaje. Ilpese TOMe npanpeaaoa AorOBOpy ejeAHlLeHHX JlB6epaJ1a H eBeeHRX 06peHOBHheBa~a, 6B npeAJlOZeHO eKynmTHHB Aa noeraaa AHAPBjy CTalleHROBuba U MBJlOBaHa JaasoBuLa sa nOMOhHuKe ee&peTapCKe npu s6BpaILY H palJYHalLY rJlaeOBa. HajsaA, Ha TOj HCTOj eeAHu~H 6YAY ea eBU OApe~eHH nOCJlaHB~B, aa oaaacra oKpyra. no jeAaH, Aa nOAnHeyjy npOTOKoOJle B pasae aare y BM6 esynmTBHe. 0,11. OBHX nOM8HURa MHorB 6ejaxy UB maposora KOJla HapOAHO-JlB6epaJlHe napTaje. TaRo AaRJle OBa je ce napTaja opraaaeaaa He oallo y ce6B, HO je A06BJla B BHAJbBBY npeBary y eaxo] csynmTHHB, lIe.y HHje ClleT8Jla napTaja BeJlHSSmRe onosanaje, noja je lJeRaJJ.S, Aa Le .I1H6epSJlB H 06peHOBHheB~H, YTBPAHB CBOj nOJlozaj y cKynmTBHH, 0AMaX npHcTynHT~ Aa 060pe Ra pa~op~eBHha • .1.LH~a HS TpocTpy~ora eaaeea cMepaxy Aa y B,lI.yLoj eeAHH~B TO SanOtIHY; HO HapOAHO-.I1H6ep8JlH8 napTaja OApe,ll,H Taj A8H Aa npeA cRynmTHHy HSaeee cBoje npenaore.

. liPBH npeaaor 6B npojesr aasoaa 0 HapO,ll.Hoj cRynmTBHH. OBaj

llpe,ll.JlOr 6HO je Bspa~eH Ha eaeTaH~HH8 reeaora spyra, ROjH je npeAao AH,lI.PBjH CT8MeHRoBBLy ,lI.a ra OR aaaeee np'e,ll. cRynmTHUY. A ~B-

49

AOBaB JaBSOBIIL B8Jf>ao je J1,a noaaeee njaBY samTRTBHIl J1,pUBalla II Ilopra. Bam y nOlleTsy OeJl,BH~e soja je J1,paaTa 5. Aesell6pa sanHmy ee ILBX J1,BojH~a y 6poj rOBopBHSa. Tora MBa.

CT8IleHROBBL je rOBopBO oJl,ymeBJLeBY 6eoeJl,y y sojoj je nos,lI,paBHO BapOJl,By osynmTHBy, soja 00 casynua noeae TOJlHKOra HOlleKBBalLa; uossaeo je SOJlHSH je 3Ba'laj nOMOBa.mTO BX Ba.ILa J1,a HBBpma, IIsjaBHo je ze.ILY J1,S nOCJIaBH~H paJl,e OJlO&BO H y .lLy6aBB, B sa no'; Meuyo je J1,a Le OJl,Jlyse BapOJl,Be cKynmTHBe 6HTH sa6eJlezeue y HOTOPlljll, H J1,a Le HX nOTOIlCTBO o~elLlIlBaTB. BeceJl,y CT8IleBSOBHLeBY ,lI,OlJesa csynmTHBa Clio BeJlHSBM OJl,ymeBJlelLell. CBB nOMaBB~B noseJleme J1,S je .OB BamT8Ilna, mTO CT8IleBKOBHL saoBBje H YUBB. Ilonrro je e&Mymao oJl,06peILe csynmTHHe, OB ynpaBB CBOjy 6eceJl,y Ba DHTaILe o npaBIIIlS BapOJl,Be csynmTBHe B 0 lLeSHHOIl peJl,OBBOIl caSBBaILY. Aa Be 611 BapoJl, H 0,11, e&JI,a 610 .IIBmeB re BJlaCTII J1,a y oJl,pe~eBO spese mase eaoje nOMaBlIse J1,a ee ca BJlaJl,OIl J1,OrOBapajy OBapOJl,BBlinoTpe6all8, CT8.IeBROBBL npeJl,.II0&B, J1,a ee asjnpe B Bajupe npHllIl saSOB 0 osynmTBBB B asaeee npeJl,Jlor BsjaBIIB J1,a ra je OB caCTaBIIO e& BeSO.llHItIIIl lLerOBBIi J1,pyroBBIl8.. llpeAe8J1,BBR y HIIe csynmTHHe SaXBaJlH CTalleBsOBBLy, H ala Jl,a je upeJl,Cep,HHS roaopao Jl,S ee 'IBTalLe npeJl,.IIora 0,11, .II0&H, oneT npeJl,Jlor 61 Taj lIac npO'lIlTaB. qBTao ra je JeBpell rpYHL

""YMalleLB peJl,OM q.llaB no lIJlaB. Y npHcTyny npeJl,Jlora 6l1.1lo je sasaTO OBaRO: BapOJl, epuesa CBOjOIl CBeTOaBJI,pejeBoRoll csynmTBBoll IlBJI,aje saROB. "qyjTe 6paLo, pese rpYIIL - npeJl,.II0r rAaCR .JI,a BI Be npeJl,Jl&zeTe BeL IISJI,ajeTe saROB. KaJl, BapOJl, Iloze J1,a nOCTaBR SlLasa, OBJI,a J1,a 60rlle J1,a 1l0ate IS,lI.aTH H sasOB. Ys TO CTapIBCRO je npsao Barner BapO,ll.a - Jl,a YTBp~yje aa csynmTIIBH aasose no SOjRIl Ba.ILa yupaBJLaTB I CYABTB, B nOCTaB.lLaTI BJlaCT soja Ba.ILa ,11,110 ynpaB.lLa I CYAB. Aso ce ROlle sa speae nonepa Aa y seero BapO,ll.a Ilia npaao HSJI,aBaTB assoae , TO BBmTa Be CMeTa J1,a I O,ll..IlYRe, Roje call BapOJl, ,lI,OBeOO, J1,06Bjy cuy saaoaa. CaJl, BR aoaere IS,lI.aTB saROB 0 osynmTHHH, a ,11,110 JIB ra xoLe aapoa TO BB 60.1Le SBaTe aero MB." TpeLeM §-y eeaperap je OBO Jl,op,ao: "I Ribas je BapOJl,BB I cRynmTBBa je BapOJl,Ba. AaR.lle uBje easo oBaj HSJI,ajBBR RO ee SII>3SY npoTHBH BeL B oBaj SO ee npoTIBB cRyumTHHH." Ilomro je cesperap nposerso

CPU ... aoOoD au.o. "'4.

4

50

4: lIJlaH, on ra je OBaKO TYMallHO: "Aa nDje oaora 'IIJlaBa, BaI! ~B MOr.llH peLH: TO naje Bam noeao, TO ee aae Be Tne; C rora SaJl,pZBTe oaaj 'llJIaH; aKO je CltynmTHHa BapOJl,BR, OBJI,a OBa aesa HIIR B.iIacT HaJl, cnHM. mTO ee Tne aapoaa." 06jacILaBajyh c.IIeJl,eLH lI.11aB OB je ronopao: "AKO osa] lI.11aH Be saJl,pZHTe, onJl,R MD mra pemaaa, ueLe HM.aTH nasaae eaare. Jep TeR mTO ee BH paaahere CBe Moze 6HTD nopymeao, na H caM Bam saROH, H OHJI,a Le ener npoha AeceT rOJl,HHa I BapOA neLe BHJI,eTH cRynmTIBY." Ro'\ lIJIaHa 0 nopeay , rpYHt:. Jl,OAaJl,e. "Bu 60JI.e OJl, seae saare, Jl,S Me~y OBIMa mTO OCTame Ba AOMY, BeMa nil jeJl,BOra 1£0 61 npaerao Jl,a aa HapOJl, naJl,a nopesa II Jl,pyrll BalleTH 6es aerone OJl,JIYKe.o; Y ROPHCT lI.l1aBa 0 npany cRynmTIIHcROMe Jl,a YTBp~yje J1,pZaBHe npRXOAe H paeXOJl,O, rpyaL e OBaRO rOBopHO: "BH Jl,06po SHaTe Jl,a oBa.j KOjll paenoaaae BOBD;lUIa, pacnoaaae B J1,e;1HMa; 1£0 HIla BJIaCT Jl,R pemasa KO.llIIKO II BamTO Tpe6a TpomHTH, Taj lie CaM. a OJl,pe~IIBaTII mTa BaJI.a pa,/J.UTII a mTa ae paJl,UTB. AaR.Ile CBaRH OJl, nae KOjll xose Aa callYBa BapOJl, OJl, TemKBX BaM era , a napoJl,uy xasay OJl, CYBumuor paeanaaa, BaJI.a. Jl,a r.lleJl,3 Jl,a. ee oaaj lIJIaH cnaKojaRo OJl,PZH." AeceTH 'II.IIaB Koja Jl,aje cRynmTHHH npaao Jl,a YHHmTH CBaRH saROH H uapeJl,6e B.lIaJl,HBe Roje cy ysere 6e3 aeaa naraaa , rpyuli je oaaso 6pauao: "AKO je B.lIaAB nyzHo Jl,a no CBOjOj nasera paJl,H onAa KaJl, BeMa cRynmTHBe, TO H DapOJl, BaJI.& Jl,R SaJl,pZB ce611 npano Jl,a Moze RaJl, ee caRynH, OJl,6aD;RTH Ha CTpaDY CBe OHO mTO je no aera mTeTHO. AKO BB nponyerare eaJl, OBY SrOJl,DY npH.lIDRY H OCT3BRTe Jl,a 6yJl,e H OA caJl, sao H Jl,OCRJI" Jl,a B.lIaJl,a ysaKolLyje eae mTO xoke , a Jl,a napoJl, aeaa BJIaCTH Jl,a esaae ea eede reper KOjH 6H ra Jl,anHO, TO OHAa Babe 6HTH DHRaRe xaene HH OJl, ODHX cRynmTHD& mTO Le sa OBOM Jl,oh. ARO B.lIaJl,R R COBeT Mory HSJl,aBaTD aasoae, TO H aapoa BaJI.a Jl,a ua BJIaCTH Jl,a odopa pi,aB saROH. Ho aRO ce BpO.enOM YCTanOBU, Jl,u. ce 3aROBH DSJl,ajy HCTO. no earJlaclljy caMO RlLa·33 a csynmrane, TO OHJI,a. Belie Tpe6aTB DR OB3j lIJlaD. Herpeda ee 60jaTH Jl,a Le nOCTaTH s6pKa H DepeA y S3ROHBM3 aKO cRynmTlua Jl,06uje npano Jl,a. OJl,6aD;H oao mTO je BJIaJl,a YTBpJl,H.lIa: jep BJIaJl,R Roja Ze.llH Jl,a OCTane y MOSH H Jl,06PUM OJl,ROmajua ea HapOJl,OM, neerapaje ee, pasYMe ee, Jl,a ee e ILRM Jl,orOBOpH 0 DyznHM saROHBIla KOjH R&CHHje

51

BeLe )loLa 6HTH 060peBH 6es car.l1acRja aa TO RIMsa H HapoAa. Ho aso 6H ltoja BJl8Aa eTa.l1a paARTH Ba S.l10 HapoAY 11 Y npROC l:LelllY, TO OHAa Tpe6a AaTR HapoAY 0 B.I1aAOH jeAHalta npana Aa TO l:LeSIlBO HaCII.lLe saYCTaBH. H TaRO aRO xokere, a caA 6am soaere, a BH npaIIBTe oBaj 1I.I1aB.« llOBOAOH rora, Aa BapoAHa cRynmTHHa CYAH 1111- BOBBH~lUIa, rpYIIL je 06jacHHjo mra je TO OAfOBOPHOCT aaaaerapesa, KaA je np01l1ITaO ceAallHajcTH 1I.I1aH, I'paak je nOTceTHO noeaaaaee mTa je 6B.I10 aa Ilerpoaeso] cRynmTHHH 1848 rO,tl,HHe: "OHH ROjy cY O,ll, sae 6H.I1H TaAa y RparyjeB~ sHajy, a OHR ltOjH HHCY 6H.I1R 1IY.I1H cY, aaso je eas HapoA rpasao ,ll.a ee 0,11, oaA cRynmTRHa peaonao CaSHB.lLe. Ja CaM 6110 TallO H sajeAHo cao CBOjHl: mltO.l1CRHIl APyroBHMa 6BO CaB Ha yMyrH MHOrH3l oltpysHMa, sao AparOBO.ILHH naeap OHAa, ltaA je B.I1aAa RaSa.l1a CBaltOlte oRpyry,tl,ao noaaeee npoce 0 HapOABBB Ter06ua, B Hory CaMO IIOXB3.11HTH OHY rrpaBeAHY ltypa.llt H Cne.l10CT KOjOlt cy Ta,tl,aml:LB uapOAHH IIOMaHH~H aaerajaaa, An ee BSAa saKOH 0 peAOBHOM caSBBal:LY cRynmTIIHe. ffiHlIIlIr cy TO 11 06eLa.llH, a IIOMe je 1I3am.l1a B saRoHoAaBH8 IIOTBp,tl,a 0,11, 26 CenTeu6pa re IICTe rOAHHe, ROjy aoaere HaL.B Ha 175 CTpaHR IV CBeCRe S60pHlIRa aaaoaa 11 ypeAa6a, rAe ee Y APyroj TalJ~H Be.l1R: Aa L.e ce 0,11, caA Call1lBaTlI oRynmTIIHa. Ho npo~e 10 rO,ll,BHa a 0,11, esymnraae, HR rpara, jep Tn,ll,a HRCY yTBP,tl,II.I1R oaMa IIpaBIIJla 0 cRynmT1IHII aoja, He6B cue.l1a B.IIaAa 060PIlTII, a Aa calla .IIRlJHO HeJl.O~e y onaCHOCT. Alto xosere t,a 06eLaBalLa 11 SaROHO,ll,aBH6 OAJIYKe oCRynmTIIHB Roje L.elllo B caA A0611TH He IIpO~y aa .I1l1jO, sao mTO je TO 611.'10 npe 10 rO,ll,Hua: onAa yaaEOHIITe OBe 1I.IlRHOBe Roje calli ja caA npOlJBTaO (0,11, 13-17). MHOfO je ee aae YAPY.lltB.IlO y TOj ~e.ILB Aa nOMYlKB HapO,ll,Y, 11 RopBcTeLH ee BCRYCTBOM 0,11, 1848 roaane IlB CMO ee noerapaaa Aa caCTRBIIIlO ODe uaBOBe OHaRO, ,lI,a RaA ee OHB IIpBlIIe sao aasoa, An IIX BBRaRaD naaeBilE nexoae 060P1lTII nR npespojara, ARO IIX npHMBTe BR he re sa na BeR YTBPABTII napoADy cRynmTBHy II nOC.IleABD;e Roje cy 0 THMe CBeBane." TYllla1leL.u 36 1UaH npeaaora rpynL. je rosopao : BB snare Aa je HapoA 611pajYhB aae 11 mB.lLyh aae na cRynmTBBy rpaaao, Aa BR IIcnoBeAIITe CBe mTa napoA 11 o,D. Rom nara, na 6B.I10 TO M.lI.I10 11.1111 Be M.B.I10 B.I1aCnBD;BIa. Pa3Ylle ee, Aa je ILIUla nplljaTHuje RaA lIB

".

52

rosopare y lLUXOBY KOPBCT, Hero JIB Ea.A ABzeTe rJlRC npoTBBy asx; a C rors, aKO xokere, Aa OA roaeaa B.IIaCHBllRor Bs6aBBTe HapO,ll.H.era npeeraRHHRa, ROjB xohe ,Il.a Raze CBe mTO My je sa CPI\Y, TO OHAa YTBpABTa TO, All. HHRO neaoae nOBJlaUTB nOC.llaHBRa Ha oaroaop sa pes HJlH rJI3CaH.e Y cRynmTHHB. K3A nOCJlaHHR oaroaa pa sa CBOjy pes II raac y cRynmTHHB, oHAa aesa nyae C.II060fl.He pesa H nOC)laHHllltOr urn-_ JIelLa; a rAe re CJl060Ae aesa , TY HeMII. HB npaaor napoAlber npeeTaBRHmTBa. Cuo aso yTBp,ll.HTe oBaj 'l.llaH, callo TaltO Bs6aRHlie re celSe OA MaRap qHje oesere , Roja 6H aae rOHB.Ila H y RyLII H Ha nYTY sa OHY pes, sojy CTe y cRynmTHHII HSYCTB.IIH Y ROPIICT Hap0,ll.a." ITomTO je rpYIIL OBaRUM paSJIOSBMa OCHaJRBO oaa] ll.llaH All. HIIRO He 1I0ze yancBTu cRynmTBHapa sa aeros paA y cRynmTHBu, ,II,OR eaMa cRyrrmTHHa Ha TO Hajnpe He npseraae, OH aaapma CBOj ISBemTaj OBIII peuMa:

"Hac HeROJlIRO JJ,YAB mTO ,II,pyryjello 1Ie~y C0601l, HanpSBB.IIB CliO Ra1£O CMO SHUll I MOUI npenaor aaaoaa, ROjB je npeso norpedan II noaeasa sa I HapO,ll, ,Il.a ee YCTaHOBI. CT3IleHROBBL ra je sao nOCJlaHBR npe,ll,.II0JltHO, ja CaM rs &11.0 eesperap npoaarao B no ,II,yzHoeTB esojoj , ROjy CTe MH BB CUll O,ll,peAB.IIII, pacTYMauo yRpaTRO. CaA je sam noeao 11.1£0 Ball ee AonaA8 8 BII ra DpRIlHTe II YTBPABTe, a Tue yj81111RTe II call onCT8HaR esymaraae , Roja je caAa Hajnpen nOTpe6a Hamell HapO,ll,y. {/

Aolt je rpyHL UT80 Taj np6A.Ilor, MHma AHaeTacHjeBHIi H MII- _ xsjJlO BapJIOBaI\ ynaAaxy lIy Y pes rOTOBO npa-eaasoae TYMallelLY,npeRIIAajyliu llHTalLe, toaopeha ,II,a aajnpe BaJJ,a np01JHTaTII neo npeaaor ,11,0 ltpaja nil. RCTOIll oH,II,a TYMS1JBTII H nperpeeara aerose noeenae ll.llaHOBe. AJlH IIIl tlJlaHOBH cRyn~TIIHeltB oarosopaxj ; "HeRa ra aesa UTa' Hesa TY1lallll ,Il.a SHaMO mTa je H Ra1£O [e !" a 1£11.,11, je rpYIIL TYllallHO OHB nOABIIRHBaxy: "To HCTO H HapO,ll, xohe! TaRO U,IIX I Tpe6a yTeruYTR, a napo,ll. oCllrypaTII All. ra He .IIaJRY II ByRy sa HOC aao mTO cy AO caA'" Ilomro je ee Taj npeaaor np01JIITaO, Mllma AHaeTacHjeBllIi 06- [saa, All. je ersap 0,11, saMamllTa BHallaja, II Aa HBje MoryLe npeba - Ha npeqaI\ nperpeeaaj' II nperJleAalLY oaora npe,ll,Jlora, HO OH II call HaJlaSII All. Hajnpe BaJJ,a Y1JBpeTHTII HapO,ll,Hy cKynmTIIHY, II C rors All. lSu ee Til. I\eJJ, ,Il.OCTHf.lla npeaaaae , All. 00 caA lipHMII II eaonmra BJla,ll,H O,ll,JlyRa cKynmTIIHCR& paAH peaonaor caSIIB3lL3 BapoAHe cRynmTBHa

53

0,11, MA8, 8 Ha OOHOBY S8ROH8 ROjB he OB8 oRynmTBH8 npeTOTSBHTB BJISAU. UpOTOY npeAOeAHBlt8 roaopao je MUAoBaH JSBItOBUh, ROjl je AOR8- SlIB80, AS Huje norpeee HB npeeT8BJL8TU, HD ItsAaB8TII 8ltT ROjHM 6u ce 0,11, 08,11, YTBP~BB8J18 cl£ynmTHHa, jep je OB8 npHSHSTS sao SeltSJLCItR yeT8HoBS TDII 0811HM, mTO je ee U npe YCTSBS B noese lLers TOJIBRO nYTa cSRynJLS.II8, a rOAUHe 184:8 USABH8 je B SSROHOAaBHa OAJIYR8 AS ee cltynmTBHa y nanpeA8R eSSKBJLe; S mTO ee eRynmTBua SS TO./lURO spexe Baje CSSBBaJla, TO Buje 610 yspos Taj~ mTO ee OHS He 6H nOAYAspS.II8 ea npSItTBKOIi If aSKoHoM, Beh Tsj, mTO Huje 6HJlo HBlt8RO nUCltP,Be oAJlYRe Roje 6u oApe~HBa.lle apese B HIPIKH CSSUB81La U ,II.psaILs C6,II.BI~a CltynllTuBcRIX, mTO je HeolIXO,ll.HO eae ypsAlITU caA, ,11,8 6B ee TO nOTnYHO YTBPABJlO. 1I0Me ,II.YJRe npeaapse y ROjoj peasnaje APasme C!l'pSHy npeACe,ll.BBRY, cRynmTBHs ,II.0HeCe OAJIYRY ,11,8. ee C8CT8BU TSMB saROH. MUll8 AH8cTscBjeBBh H8cTajame AS ee TO ,11,0 ,ll,pyre ce,ll.BB~e OAJlOJRB, jep je nBTR!Le BeOIl8 SalI8mHO B Tpe6a ,II.YJRer pasaam.IIe1L8. A.IlIi IlY OJl,rOBOpsxy BS TO Aa 6am S8 TO mTO je TO nBT8ILe 'fOJlHRO B8JRBO D BaJLa ,II.0BeTB OMYRY 0 !LeM"} npe aero mTO ee H npe~e Ba APyre nOMOBe. MBorK nOCJlaHU~1I S8XTeB8XY ,11.8 ce BSROBa npoUTS CTueHROBBheB npe,ll.Jlor; APyrH oner Aa ee nperpeey caliO rJl8BBlljH lJJlaHOBH lLerOBU. 1I0Me ,II.yre npenapse 611 O,ll.JlYlleBO, ,11.8 ee HS86epe ROllHcDja 0,11. 4:0 JLYAH, ROj8 he BS OCBOBY npoxareaa npea.IIors ORJlOnBTU nOTSHRO S8ROH 0 eRynmTBHB II TO S8 ABa ,II.IHa npSSHHRa.

1I0mTo ee CTHma npenapss nOBOAOIl CT8IleH&OBBheBS npe,ll.Jlors, MBJlOB8H JSHKOBBh asaeee BaXBaJlBB~y S8mTHTBBIt ,II.PJRSB81l8, B oaeJlBTB npe,ll.Jlor mTO ee Tillie Ilopre, 1I0BOAOll S8XBSJlHB~e cRynmTHBs Jl,OBeCe jeAHor .I18CHO OBY O,ll,JlyKY: "CpnclUI BSPOA A06BB srOADY npaJlIRy ,11,8 ee npsa nyT cSRynu OBAe noeae _OBora A06a R8A ee OROJlO Cp611je CBpm8BSXY B8.JRBB IICT01JBB nOMOBK, 0,11, ROjax Cp6Bj8 6H nomTe~eBa nomroaaaea !LeSHHe HeYTp8J1HOCTB, H noeae OHor8 A06a Ra,lJ, ee Sa,lJ,06BBeHa epnC&8 np8B8 nOHOBO YTBPABme B yj81l1lBme 1I8PHCSHIt yrosopoa XITa· Aa BSjSBB npeso cBoje nspoaae eRynmTlIBe Bajycpe,lJ,Huje npBSB8ILe &8RO BJl8Aajyhell ABOpy TaRO II eBn8 OCT8J1BJ1S ROj. oy joj jaJllluJllI S8 lLeB8 npaas." OBa oA.I11&a 611 e80nmT6B8. 00-

64

BeTY Jl,S je on npe,ll,a HnOCTpanH!ol ,II,BOpOBaBa. A eBO KaRa nOCJJanH~a 611 O,ll,ltCJJltT3 Ilopra. "Aane je ,II,Ollyo napo,lJ, ,lJ,S je 6JlHCT3Te.llDa Ilopra nuca.lls y Beorpaa ,II,S ee H6AonycTlI HapO,ll,Y ,lJ,a ee y CltynmTHDy C3ltynJL3. Taj raae HapO,ll, je BeOMa orepxao , jep Baje xorao nojllITII H.aRO je (L'llICTaTe.llBa Ilopra, ROA aeaor noaasror npaB,IJ,OJLy6Hja, noJlteJIe.lla ,11,3 ee YMem3 y ynyTapBe nOMORe cpnose II Aa uapymH napO,ll,HS npana, H saso je OHa IIB110 cBoje npOMaBJLeHe IIYAPOCTII, MOrJl3 AHpnyTB aaaan UapOAlber ZIIBOTa, 06naJ Rora napo,ll, mTyje H xpana sao B sepy. II AOIICTa sapOA je Ayro 0 TOile IlHC.IIBO II pa3MHmJLaO, II aajnoeae je Aomao ,11,0 rora YBepeu.a, Aa je HeRO onaaaao CpnCRII napOA npeA BHCOROB IIopTOB, ae 611 .1111 xaaAsohoM 1I3Me~y sapOA3 B aerose B.IlaAaTeJL3 OABpaTIIO 6.11l1.rOBO.llelbe npeCneT.IlOra cY.IlTana 0,11, cpncRor3 HapOA3, YMa.llBO napO,ll,Hy OAaSOCT BJlaAaTeJLY, U TaRO noerpesao pacnpy ROj3 6H nORo.lle6a.lla Bam MHpOJLy6HBII HapO,ll, H Y3HeMHpU.tla npexaaoeraao» CYJlTaHa. Ho TeR mTO ee napOA YBepHO Aa je TO 06Ma~a, RaA B3HOBa nylle r.llac ,lJ,3 y Cp6ujy lIJJ.e napeaa lIHHOnHHR ROjB he ee He eaao 6aBHTB y BeorpaAY, neL he AO.llaSBTH H y CIi.ynmTBHy lIeqy HapO,ll" sao ,11,3 cynaH neH sepe y naMeT cpnesora aapoaa, II sao ,11,3 6H 6.11HCTaTe.Iln3 Ilopra RaRO rOA xreaa ,II,a ee YMema y ynyTapJI.e nOMOBe name oTaJ,16Hne. ITa B oner !J,II,paBa eneer namera HapO,ll,a He ,lI,a,ll,~ My An ee nORo.lle6a, B napoA ee oner ns CROPO YUHPH HecMejyh Aa Bepyje OHBM r.llaCHlla, RojH caA npne npeA If>BM BHCORY llOPTY, IICTO OHaRO sao mTO cy aaae ~PHH.II1I epnesa HapO,ll, npe,ll, BIICOROM ITOPTOM; a CBaRB ana, RO ZeJIlJ BCTHny ,lI,a SHa, ,11,3 je sapo,ll, y OBOj RHezeBBHH HCTO OHaRO MHPOJLy6HB, sao mTO je BBCORa Ilopra TBp,ll,a y CBOjOj nO.llBTH~U: oaa HaLe ypa,ll,HTB HHmTa mTO 611 .IlBlIHAO na pa,ll,lby ROjOIl 6R ee noBpe,ll,H.Ila oceLaJDa sepaor HapO,ll,a epnesor, 0 ROMe ee SH3 Aa B ca. zeAR B C.II060Ano Aa III1MH R ,11,3 ce 6pBHe y CBOjOj Ryb 0 CBOjUIi nOTpe6u3 B 0 SellRJLCROMe 6Aary. HapOAHa cRynmTBBs, Roja je CBRRojaRo sepaa aspaa HapO,ll,JDera oeekaaa S3 cnpall sen.MRe B.Ila,lJ,8, eaarpa sa CBOjy ,lI,YJKBOCT ,11,3 janao orzaca ropenoaeayra lIYBCTBa epnesor SRpOAa, R ,lI,a ax nomeee CBeT.IlOM Ru.asy B BaCOROMaBBOIi COBeTY Aa oaa sBajy B AS AocTaBe 6.1laCTaTe.llsoj Ilopra, re HeRa B

55

CY.l1TaH Ca3H3 RRRO MBCJlH H oeeka HepHH BapO,ll, epnesa, (J BlI OAJ1Yseao ,lI,a ee OB~ nOMaBH~a npara cOBeTY e M0.l1601l, ,lI,S je OB npeaa ItaRsy, ,lI,a je ,lI,OCTaBH IIopTB. 'I'aao AaRAe neaa CeAHJJna npoqe ORO npeA.llora Roje y TCCBOMe &O.l1y aapaaane ejeAHacHH .I1II6epa.l1~H H enCCHH 06peHOBBLeBnlf.

Peasnajn, ROjOj cy y unaay 0 aapoaao] cRyumTHHII npBrra/l.a.llB

• He caMO Rapaqopqe.BnlI. Beh HcaM npe,ll,CeAHIIR eaymnraae ea ne.l1BM MHHHCTapCTBOM If COBeTOM ocn BYllllLa, KOjB je O,ll,06PBO npeaaore npaaseae y ceAHHnB TorR ARHa - ra peaauaja nosaaa ce Ha npBII 'Max ca CBBM aenpanpasaa sa 60p~,,'ca BapOABO-.IIB6cpaAaOM naprajos, If C rora r.lleAame caMO An CYSH B.IIReT If npana cI£ynmTJIuCRa. Y Anopy If y coneTY ABJite ee o6Hllrra npesa nporaa HeItO.llHI£IIX ll.llaHOBa UPMaora , RojH ee UII>SXY peasnaja AS cy npoTHBHII YCTany; 0 aRMa ronopaxy All, cy aeepehaa no sen,y, R mTa. name TBpqaxy, Aa RX ne Le BlI cY.llTan HB samrarae Apltane~ oA06pUTlI. MBma AHaCTaCJIjenuh upenome Taj npojesr OAMU UM ee aaapma ceAHBD;a csynmraaeaa , B npeA3)l.e ra I'apamaaaay, Ospyaaa Ha1l3.11BHnB H nonosa ROjII 6exy B33- 6pSTil y ROMHCH,iy AS nperaeae Taj npeaaor , u jom HeltO.llHRII noCJ1aHHnH, A06ume 0,11, I'apamaaaaa "BMTaBJ1eBBje" nrra Aa rpaae ,lI,a ee y rrpojCItTy H3MCBB RRA ee 0 lI>eML6YAe y ltOMHCHjH BeLRAo.

6. AeI£eM6pa, y Cy60TY, 6eme npna CC)I,HBnS KOMDcDjClta oAPci,cHa y ABopaHB csymnraaeao]. Ho TIlMO je 61.110 X.II3AHO, H ~hma AaacTaclIjenHL SOpHCTOBa ee THM AR nOHYAII I£OMHCJIjll cnojy paesomao BaHemTeHY c06y, rAe 6n lJ.IIaaOBH aeSHHII HMajyLa CBY 3roAY B r~-

. CTOJLy6HOCT AonLuHa, MorAD BeLaTH 0 HapOAHIIM rr0CJ10nIIMR. 3BaBUllHS Jluna y R01lBCJIjB BOJLHa 6exy All. npacraay Ba nOHYAY aUXOBa JLy6a3HIJ. npeAceAHHsa, UII csynmTBBa je 611.11R npanne o)l,peABJla Aa ee eeanane KOMHCJIHe Apze y ae3HBOMe erany. Apzchu ce OBe Ok JIyse AHAPHja CTaMeHKoBHh 6H npOTIIBaH Aa ce HAe Y syLy MumHHY. " Ty, Ty oeranre , rosopao je OB cnojuM ,ll,pyronBMR: eauo y OnQMe 3Aaay, y OBHM CBeTUM ,ll,BOpaaaMa !lory HapoABH n0CJ13HHn;U BeLaTD 0 oaoae mTO ee THlle aapoaa. CBe mTO YCBOjHMO H3BaH onor saaaa., Ita y lllIjOj KyLH, He be DMaTH HURaRBa SHaqaja, II ne Tpe6a Aa ee nOMalJBMO no RojeKaRHM 6YI;Ian;H1I:a. Mil He MOJiteMO pa·AHTH 1

56

uaTO", OAJlYRe cRyumTBBeRe, I£oja je O,ll,peABJl8. ,11,8. RO.HCBHH eaCTaHIlB' 6Y11Y TY, e Tora ja oCTlijell oBAe H HeLy Aa upB8HaM HHmTa mTO HDje nOTBp~eHO eBO y OBBIl" SHABHll.Ma. tI Ilpaeraaane MBmHHe IlopaAome ee npHBO.lleTB CTueuRoBBLy. Ce,ll,HBIlR ee OTBOpB. Ho Ile~y ll.J1aHOBBMa l£ollBeHje He 6B HHRaRe More. OUB ROjH e.y ,ll,06B.IlH HacTaBY oA rapamaHBHa saxTeBaxy ,ll,a ee pesa "HS,II,ajHHR oTaJ;I6Bue" , soje ce y npeA.Ilory H8AeB8.xy CBRROll6 1£0 6B ee ycnPOTHBBO c8sHBaffiy H M060,ll,HOj paAffiB cRyumTHHcRoj, asaeae pexasa "HapymHTe.IL saRoHa" • a pes "M060AaH" Aa ee salleHB pe1Jjy "saRoHHT". Y npojeRTY ee Ra3£e ,lI,a ee HB jeAaH saROH 0 Rffiasy, eOBeTY, nOUe1JBTe.ILHIla II ea.oj esynmTBHB, He Iloze HBltaRO BS,ll,aTB 6es aeaanoe npeAXOAHor O,ll,06peffia, a peasnaosepa xrenome ,lI,a ee TO "O,ll,06peffie" salleHD ea "caM.ymaffieM". TaRO HCTO OHB saxTeBaxy "Aa ee BSlleHB oHaj lIJJaH rAe ee roBOpB 0 YTBp~elby ,lI,pZaBHBX npBxoAa B paexo,ll,a; npeA.Ilor ,lI,a csynmTBHa na npaao ,lI,a YHumTHcBaRB lIaROH B Hape,ll,6y, Roja je UIiO ae HS,lI,aHa, eysHnaxY,,lI,a eRynmTHHa HIla callo npaBo)a npeAJlOZB ,lI,a ee Taj saROH o,ll,6aIlB; mTO ee Tne Aa cRynmTBHa na npsso ,lI,a Aa no,ll, ey,ll, 1JBHOBHlfRe, Ty ey OHH rOBOpB.IlB Aa eRyumTBHa Hila npaao TpaatHTB callO 0,11, SItROHOAaBHe B.IlaeTB Aa ee UOA eYA AaAY nonesaTe.ILD, B,II,a OBa He Iloze TO SaneB8.TII II sa OCTaJJe lJBHOBHBRe. Ilpeaaor je r.llaeDO ,lI,a nOne1JIITe.ILH, RojB He 6H y oApe~eHII POR eaasaaa cxyumTHHY, 6YAY ocy~eHH sao "HS,II,ajHIIIlH oTaJ;l6Bue", 8. peasnaoaepa npeAJJaraxy Aa ee Ty Raze sao "HajnohH npeerynaana", Y upojel£TY ee Raze Aa ee eKyumTHHa eaSBBa CBaRe rOAIIHe, a OHB npeA.Ilaraxy Aa ce TO aaaeaa ca - CBaRe APyre roaaae. C 06e crpaae 6eme xaoro npenapaaa, lI.1laHOBB Hap0,ll,HO-JJII6epaJJHe napraje, ROjB cy 6H.IlB y BeL HUH , He npHeTajaxy UB na Ral£Ba uonyllITaffi3. Ce,lI,HBIla ee aaapma He AOHeB HHRaRBY O,ll,.IlyRy. OBy eTa.llHOCT HapOAuO-.IlB6epaJJue napTaje RajBaRallIlII TYllaqaxy no eBOMe: OHB yseme S60PBTB ,lI,a je sasa nOA· l£ynBo Bo~e lLeSBHe B ,lI,a My OHB eaao saro aaaoce Rojel£3RBe npeaaore ,lI,a 6B sa6amYPBJJB raaaao nBTaILe 0 s6aIlBBaffiY Kapa~op~eBBLa. II ,lI,oBClTa o,ll,.I1aralLe oaors nBTaILa Ha HeO,ll,pe~eHO Bpelle YSHeupB' same eae napTaje, npOTBBHe slLasy, na sa6pBIL3name B npoere OdpeBOBBLeBI~e ROjH cy HMa.llB sua1Jaja, .jep H~ je 6H.I10 Bp.110 aaoro Ba

57

«spojy. OBe je TO 6u.d0 AOBOJLaU yspos laso sa rapam8HBu8, T8&0 H S8 reesa Rpyr .dU6ep8.1la, Aa ee MOlte y nUTalLY 0 csynmTUHU.

Taj ARU npeso ;P8usa A.dBMnUha, I'apamaaaa UOSOBe s ce«Su rpyuha, aa mTO npaeraae APyzlIHa reeaor RO.llS .du6epua.. Y I'apemaaaaoao] syLK rpYDh aarese CBe oRpy.lltHe U8'1e.llUBli.e, saore npeAo6AHllli.e ORPYZUBX 0YAOBa, nOMaUHRe DS esemreaasscr peAa II 6eorpaAcsBX lIIIUOBUHKa. AOR je ee I'apaasaaa y APyroj C068 pSSroaapao ca HeKBIl rOOTHIla CBOjHM, AOT.Ile cy rpYBha .lIteOTORO aauaAUB UpOTDBHB~II, 000611TO OltpylltHH USqaJJHII~H. JOBau IIepYHBUh, BSqS.IlHBS 'l&qSUOROr ospyrs rOBopBO je: »OBS 1I.daA3 roonoAs lISTa.ll8 ey no KILDraMS KaRO je HeKRA 6HJJ.0 y (J)p8U~yOROj, ua IHl ee saspTS.Il8 rzaaa ; e8A OUS xoae H Hac AS spoje no KojeRaKBHII TeopsjltMs, B AS ee e USMa onpAajy!; !LHX ce II ae Tne mTO cy TOJJHU ua'ls.IlUII~H C USPOAOM -- OUB 6B XTe.llB Aa lLHX uapoA O.dyma; ue he OUII Aa ee AorOBope ea rOCUOABHOM I'aparaaeaaoa: MBMe OHB Aa USIlUSMeTHy sojesaee peny6.11DRauclte oa!Lapsje." IIepYBB'lBh je jom aenpeeraao raso rOBopBO, a APyrB HaqS.IIHD~H oA06psBaxy My II nOAoMec.eBaxy ee rpYllhy. rpyah je hYTao. RaA ra noaaaare Y APYry e06y, I'spamaaaa ra npeayepere OBSRO: "IIfTa TV: xohem ca ouaKBIl npes.dorod Sap Aa ee nojsna TY~3 KOMHCBja ~ Taj S81WU 0 oKynmTIIBB pymH yeran , sa soja je Jespona jaM'IlI.ll3." rpYBh je oaroaapao Ok CYAUO AS !LerOBD APyroBu He lte.lle upOMeHY KlLasa OBe AOK ee asjnpe ae YTBPAB oaa] S3KOH 0 osynmTDuu. rapamaHUu' ee us OBO .&.d0 salIYAB' Ho oner rpyUh je 6uo oaaamhea 0,11. cnojHX APyroBa Aa upseraae HB OBe, mTO 6amea CBBM ae 6u IImJJ.o·y 0YRO(l lLHXOBUM aaaepan. 0 APyre erpaae rapamauHH je Morao UPHBOJleTD TDM YCTynI\1UlS Mumy, BYlluha B snore eaBeTUHRe. Y TBKBII YMOBIIIl8 sauolluy ee upercaopa BS M6~y rapamauBus B I'pyaha, OUB oTauy nper.aeAaTB CBe one lIJJ.aUOBe y upeAJJ.ory, ROjB y SODBjH I'apamaaaaoaoj 6exy nOABYllaUI B 06eJJ.ezeUB UpHMeA6aMS. Ilpenapsa ee aanose 0,11. CaMor UPBcTyns y npeaaor. I'apamaaaa je ronopao Aa OBeToaHApejeBOIta CRyUmTIIHa no §§. 7. B 23. S8Koua 0 lLOj, 1I0&e oaMO nOJl,HOCBTB npeasore KOjB ae sualle HumTa AOK HX BJJ.SA8 ae OA06pD; U e rors ae .oae ee KaaaTB y DpBcTyny It saKOUY, A8 eKynmTBu8 uSAaje (SSROD) Beh

'\'0 Tpe6a SS~eRHTH ca HBpa301: UPeAAa&e. rapamaHHH je RIIlO npano; aAH Hap0,ll,RO-JlH6epaAHa napTaja RHje 6H.Il8 HUUM oearypaaa, ,Il,S he H ItlLaB H eoser O,ll,MaX BOTBPJJ.HTH 3a&OR, C rora cy neAH Aa ra orAace y HIe HapO,ll,a sao aasopa cnslte B.IIaCTH, Helle&ajyLu nOTnpAY ItILaS8 B eosera, Itoju cy nOra3HJlH Bpe~amlLe 06eliaILe ,Il,a he caSBaTH cKynmTHRy. MUHUCTPY ItOjH je noaaonaaao sell.!.BmTe BO,ll, cBOjHII RILa3eM H Itoju je 6BO'y aana,ll,u ea .Born cOBeTHH~HIl&, TemKO je 6UAO ynepuTH Boqa .IlB6epII.llHe napraje, ROjB ee OC.llalLame na npana napoaa, ae CllBO ,Il,S 6Hpa eaors ItlLasa Beh B ,Il,a ee caRynH Ha cRynmTuBy. OnB 060jB~a HBCY MOr.ll1 npBllBTB 1fa ROjB O,ll, ,Il,Ba npeaaoaeas aapaaa, RBTB ouer Bsa6paTH Talty pes ltoja 6H SBa1JB.Ila BemTO cpeAlbe. IIoBO,1l,O. pesa: ., cltynmTHBa je S8ROBUT3 Bo.n.a esera epnesor Hap0,ll,a" I'apamanaa pese , KaltO ee 60jIJ An ee nil TOI ocaoay BO YSMe CBalta O,ll,Jly1t8 cltynmTHUClta sao salton, H Jl,S enaaa cRynmTBHa Moze raso BpucnojIJTII ce6u npaso Aa npor.llllmyje onase YCT8Hone. A.~B rpYBL je APyraqe pacTYM8UO aspaa 0,11, nora je MBHHCTap TO.llBItO npeaao: OB je rOBopHO, ,Il,a Le ee CaitO OBO eaarpara S3 no.l(,y B rAM neaora napO,ll,a, mTO pema SaltOHBTO eaaaaaa cRynmTBB8, a CaM:OBo.n.Be OJl,AYKe Koje nO,ll,Hecy noce6Be rOIlHAe aapoaa, B.IIH CTaHOBBBmTBO je;lBor .eCTa, BJlH BajsaA npe,ll,CTanBUnH UTRBora oRpyra - Be 1I0ry ee BBltnRB. HaUBO. nO,ll,BeCTB no,ll, TO npSBBJJO. I'apauaaaa Roja HIJje O,ll,6Hjao aeonxomoer Sa&OBKTBX pemeua cRynmTHue, npHcTa H3 OBO. Aa.n.e lLe.y co 1JBHHJJO, AS je e je,ll,Be erpaae neoxa npoerpaa, a. C ,Il,pyre oneT~BeOl1a CHAaH KSpas: "ItO eo nporssa CAo60Jl,HOj pS,Il,lLB cRynmTBRCltoj, Taj je a3,1l,3juBR oTaT,I6BRe." no lLerony IIHeILY, M060,ll,R3 pa,ll,lLs ,Il,OnymT3 CB3mT3, H aKO ee ona Be CY311 rpaHB~ua, aoje je nOCT3BHO saKOB: ORAa esjnmTBR8 1I0&e. nOCTaTB S8 ~BOjy seM.n.y, y HCTO npeae, B RIL3S B MBRaCTapCTBO B COBeT, a TO CBe Aouehe nepeae. rpYHh je oaroaapao ,Il,a ee no,ll, CJJ060,ll,HOJl pa,ll,lLOI1 cRynmTHRcROIl, pasy.eB3 CUO pa,ll,lL3 saItORHT3, Itoja je S3 lLy OROABltO HCTO 06aBE.'3B3 Itao B sa ItlLaS3, CO BeT B IlHBHCTapCTBO. Iloeae ,Il,yror pasroaopa OHH npHCT8HY ,Il,a ee TO OB8RO nonpana: "ItO ee npOTHBH CA060,ll,HOj S3RORBTOj pa,ll,lLH." I'apam8RBB je aeseo ,Il,a ee pes "H3,1l,ajuHR oTaJ;I6aBe," selieRH ca pelljy: "npecTynHBK Sa&ORa." rpYHL MHCJJH ,Il,3 cy 06a HspaS3 noAje,ll,RaltO

69

CBJlDa: DO &.HXOBa je napraja DapOllBTO YSMa p.eq H3AajHBR, DITO oaa 6y,1I.H y uapoAY npeaapaae, H 6am oAroBspa RPHBJI1IHBM SSKOUHMa epnesas, rAe ee D3,11.lljHHR Ra3HH cMpLy, a OBO je Ra3ua je,ll.HTO epeaCTBO ,1I.a YSAPZH B.IlacTo-"yDI~e ,ll,S DecMejy pa,1l.HTB npoTIIBy cRynmTBue. Ty ee aeaorome C.IlOZHTB. AaJLe je I'apsmaaaa aeaeo ,1I.a H36a~H aspaa, KOjB je y npe,ll,.Ilory Y3eT, S TO je: ",no CBOM CTapBUCROll 06J111ajy." Ms Aa je OBHM ,1I.0,1l.aTROM XTe.llS u3POAHO-.IlH6epaJlus napTajs Aa Ji,a]Jte, ,1I.a npasa cRynmTBHcRa BHCY ae mTO UOBO, Beh ,ll,a oua O,lJ, BajRa,1l.e nOTHlIY; RaKO je I'epamaaaa ronopao, All TO n03HBa&.e U3 CTapBUY Hoze 6BTB nOCTpeRSlI aenpeeraae 33AeBH~e B3Mef)y B.Il3,11.e H ~RynmTHHe, H TaRO Le nOBYhH sa C060M zeJLY AS 06e erpaae npaeaoje ce6B DCRJLYlIBBY B.IlaCT, TO rpYBh npBCTS,1I.3 ee TO lIS- 6a~B, ,lJ,3 ee ne fiB nosaaao B cyBBme ynopsn. Ho lteCTORY npenBPKY HsaSBa naraae: ,1I.a .IlB Tpe6a OCTaBBTB npaso cRynmTBHB AS ona noTBPAB CRe S3ROHe, H.IlD ,1I.a IX eaao c&CJ1yma 7 rpYUh je ronopao ,1I.a &.erOBB ,1I.pyroBB xOhe Tue je,1l.HOM sa CBar,1l.S AS npeuuy C jeAue erpaae npeTeHsBjy R&.ass B COBeTa HS BCRJLYIJHBY B.IlaCT, a C APyre erpane B ~op6y Me~y ILBMa, Koja pymB aasoae ua mTeTY H.IlB KOPHCT oaor B.IlB onor B.Ila,1l.HHOr opraaa , rJleAehB us TO KOjB je CB.IlBBjH. A oc06BTO xoLe AS ue AaAY IIopTB B cTpaucRBII KousY.IlHMa AS CBOjHM YTH~ajBla no Mazy OBY H.IlH ouy cTpaHKY, no mTO je _ paAHo ETeHnama •. OCBM rota, B3JLa YTBP,1l.HTB OCUOBue aaaoae B OApeABTB KO.llHKB je 06u B RaSBa je B.IlaCT K&.ssa, COBeT8 B MBUBCT8PCTB8, a TO ee ae 6B MOr.110 UBRaA ,lJ,OCTBhH Ka,1l. ee ue 6H OCTaBlI.IlO uapoAHoj cRynmTIIHH npaso, ,1I.a ee 6e3 ILe Be 1I0ry lIeILaTH r.llaBUB saKOUB. TapamaHBn ee oner nOSBBame ua YCTaB, no KOMe saKOnO,lJ,aBUS B.IlaCT npana,lJ,a M110 KILasy B COBeTY; a RS,IJ, 6H caA yepe,1l.B.IlB ,lJ,a ee BeRB lIa 11 uajBa3tUHjB saROUB ue Mory BS,1I.STB B.IlB Bs68~BTH 6es oA06peILa cRynmraaeaora, OH,IJ,a 6B ee TBMe nO,lJ,CeR.llR B.IlaCT Klbssa U eenera , B noraSBO 6B 6B ee YCTaB, mTO He he ,lJ,OnycTBTB HB Ilopra, HB SamTHTUe ,1I.pZaBe. rpYUh je rosopao Aa HajSafl, 1I0&e1l0 oBaj BOBB SSROH onpaaAaTB npea IIOPTOM B samTBTHBM ,1I.pZ3BRn lLerOBOM ~eJLy, jep OH He Le Aa orpaaaxa, seh XOhe Aa YTBPAB B.IlaCT, KOjy Beh lUla KlLaa B COBeT 1 -II ua OCHOBY Koje OHB .ory BS,lJ,3B3TB CBe oeraae saaoae, "Y

60

OeT&.IIOM, pese rpyjHL, BR ere eau TOJ1B&O nyn rOSOpBJ1H, R ja MM nyao y TO y6eqeB, ,lI,a ee R ean Ilopra Be I.e O,ll,ynpeTH OHOKe, mTO MH eBB saje,ll,HHlI&B B mTO O,ll,cy,ll,HHje saTpaZHM.O. Oeaa rora, SHa ee, ,lI,a OCHOBBB Sa&OHB HamR HBCY TBP,ll,R' H He Mory 6BTH, ,lI,oro,ll. BXKlLaB B COBeT no Aoea,ll,alLeM o6BlIajy Mory no eaojo] LYAB MelLaTB B KPOjBTB. C Tora H Tpe6a ,lI,a TyHa YAeJIyje jom &Oj8 Tpetau, a. Taj Tpeb Moar.e 68TB MMO HJ18 Ilopra BJ1H HapOA; aapasao Aa Hen HK je,ll,HOra Cp6BHa KOjB 6B aeaeo Aa Ilopra 6YAe Taj TpeLB." I'apamaHHH oaroaopa AS OH He zeu ,lI,a ce Ilopra Mema, Bel. xoLe AR CJlyma HapOA, aJlH caMO oaer He Moze npnCTaTB Ha aapaa: ,,6es 0,11.0- 6peu.a" • rpYHh je rOBopBO: "A&o liB HC&peBO xoLeMO e&ynmTBHY, TO Tpe6a AS B ZeJlHMO OHO mTO I.e yjU1JBTH lbesuHY paAIbY, HHalle 68 SHa1lHJlO BapaTB enet ; jep, eYAel.u no npeqamlhell, HB&O He 1I0ze BepOBaTB Aa be BJlaAa XTeTB nOTnYBo 'IYBaTH csynmTBBeltH saRoa aao ra euo 1I0ae spnara, Meu.aTB B CiPBIlaTB. Tue KRA 6H 00 pesao, All. C&ynmTBHa eaao CaCJlymaBR BOB Sa&OH, He 6u 00 6am BHmTa noCTHr.IlO. Jep Ca,lI,a BJlaAa Iloze CaJ.O, BSHeTH npeA e&ynmTBHy Taj sa&OB, lIyTU mTa he OKa peha B nocae oneT paAKTB &110&0 joj ee eBBAB.". TaAa rapamaHBK npeAJlOZB TpelIK aspaa: ,,6es enopaayMJ1eu.a ea cSYHmTBBoM", Ha mTO rpyBlt npneTB, Aa OBa HOBa pes AOBoeB OHe BCTe nOCJ1eAB~e &1100 H OHa mTO je Y npeAJ10ry !tasaKa, jep R&A ee Raze "cnopasyueu.e," OHAa ee Ty Bel. npC,ll,nOCTaB.lLa u MrJlamelLe e&ynmTBHe. rapamaHBH I.e Ha TO peb: "ca1ll0 HelojTe pes oAo6peu.e, a APyry YSIlHTe &al£Y BaM je BO.IL&.« rpyult nonyeTH, M.& Aa je R BRAeo Aa HOBa pe'l HBje raao CH.llHa sao ORa y npojeery, au oner je srO,ll,Ra sa CJlyllaj Aa. ee aoae npoerpaao TYM.allBTR. Ha APyrBJI M.eCTUa y npojes1'Y rAe cToje YCJ10BB oA06peu.a 0,11. erpaae e&ynmTHHCSe, Ha np, y nBTau.ua 0 KOBOj nopeaa, 0 npnoABIla B paCXO,ll,BMa, I'apamaaaa npeAJ101tH Aa ee pell "oA06peu.e" SalleHB ca peqjy: "AOK ce Be AO&a&e nOTpe6a rors". H rpYBL npBcTa Ha aerOBO )lRelbe. Au OR He XTe yseTH Taj Bel. npR)I.lLeHH aspaa y ropu.BM. 'IJlaHOBlUIa oaae, rAe ee rOBOpUJlO Aa ee Cp6uja ae Moze HH saAyzHTB BB 06BesaTB 6es oA06peu.a csynmTBReltOr. Ho &aRO je rapamaHIfH JIOTUYBO ,lI,eJ1BO KBcao 0 saAyzHBau.y, TO H npeA.IlOZB, Aa ee

i

j

61

y.ec,o peu "oAodpelLe"', laae: _,,II,OR Ba TO He npBCTaBe H cRynmTBRS, '" llellY rpyuh Buje 6uo npOTBB3B.

IIperJle,llajyLH llJl31{alt RojH r~aCB "Aa je aSpO,ll,HS cRynmTHBa BajBeLa ROHTpOJIa y SeIlJLH, I ,lI.a 1II0ae nperJle,ll,aTB CBe ,llpZaBHe noC.IlOBe B HSPHnaTB CBOj CY,ll, 0 !hoa, « I'apamsaaa BsjaBH Aa aeJlB, Aa ee npaa nOJlOBBHa lJ.IlaHRa ea CBHIl Bs6anH, a y lIeCTO OBe ,lI,pyre ,lI,a ee saae: "HapO,ll.B8 cRynmTBHa 1I0&e nper.lleAaTH RaRO CTOjH 6& aaPOABOM RaCOM, npeso oc06BTe ROMBclIje." Ho Ra,ll, rpYHL npaa npe,ll..IIor npasa , a He npaeraae Ha ,llpyrB, GRAa I'apamaaaa BaylB ,11.0. nocraBB pes "IlHelLe '" aeero "CYA ", dojeLo: ee ,t\8. RO He nOIlBCJlB Aa cRynmTBBa MOJlte CYABTB S3 OBO BJ1H OHO. rpYBh ee BBje nporaBHO TOj np0MeHB. IIo npe,ll,J1ory ,lI,aBMO ee cRynmTBBB npano, ,11.3 nperJleAa sa ROBe H BapeA6e Roje cy BMBTe sa apese HS Be~y ABe esynmTHHCRe ceeaje , H ,11.0. Hila npSBO O,ll,6anHTB' OHe soje Ba~e Aa cy BeynyTBe H mrerne. rpYBL ee erapao Aa. ,lI,osa&e rapamaHBHY, 1£3RO Ben BKRaRBe OnReHOCTH mTO he ee Aa.TH cRynDlTHDH TO UPSBO, DB sa BJlaAY, BR so. peA y SeIlJLH, jep y np6,ll..Ilory DIH,II.e ee He ,ll.aje BSPOAY UPSBO Aa HSAa osa] B.IlB oHaj saROH BJIH Hape/,6y, DO eaMO AS O,ll,6SnB OBO mTO ee Be eaaae e BapoABBM BBTepecna, S BJl8AH oCTsje BJIB ,lI,a ee AoroBopH ea c1£ynmTBBoll, B.IlB ,ll.a. ee can nopaaUC.IlB na Aa H9,Il,8. APyrH saROB ROPBCDBjB 30. sellJLy. Ma ,Ila je I'apamaBBH npHSBaBao, Aa je OBO npncTaja!he HJlB He npBcTajalLe cKyncRynmTBRCItO, B8. B9II,alIH «Sell ",e saROH, B ROPBCTBO sa sellJLY B KapO,ll" oner BBRaRO BBje aorao ,lI,OnYCTHTH Aa OCTSBe pe'l "OA«SSnITB"'; OR j(l IlBMBO Aa dB ettynmTBRa MOr.lla. callo npeAJ1araTB ,lI,3 ee TaKaB saROH oA6anB, jep BBalle Ra,ll. 6B cKynmTBBa MOr.lla 060PBTB ype,ll.6e RlLaS8, COBeTa. I y omare B.I1aAe, OH,lI.a 6B ee TBlle noraaao YCT8B. rpYBh B lLerOBB ,lI.pyroBB, BeOI& cy :ar.eJ1BJlB ,ll.a ee mTO BBme ROpBCTyjy pa8,ll.0pOIt, ROjB je Tpajao Ite~y BeJ1BRamRBIt napTajan, B Aa OTYA BSBYRY CBaRY ~OpBCT sa BapoA. Ho y HCTO ,11.06& OR je BI.d,eO, AS je ee npoTHBBa n3pTaja nOlleJla 60jaTB ee OBBX nOCJ16,l1.Bna Roje 6B MOr.110 AOReTB ceasaeae CltynmTBHe, H C Tora ee npasoae IBelLY rapamaHBBOBY, BspaABB Aa eRynmTBH3 n8. npSBO Be AS "npe,ll..I1s:ar.e" ,lI.a ee OBSj BJ1B OBsj 33ROB 0,ll.6anH, Beh ,lI.3 "s3xTeBs." rSpamaBBB ee BIR3RO aeaorame CJlO&llTB e3 OBBIt

62

lI.1l8UO., ROjll [e ,IJ,&B30 eRyumTBBU npaao ,11,3 aoae ey,ll,IITH He caito IIIBBeTpBII& BeL B OeT3.1lBII 'lHBOBUH~lIlI&h OB je npaaaaaao eRynmTBBB npsso, ,11,3 npeA.IlOall S3ROuoA8BBOj B.IlaCTB,,lI,a oaa ,11,& IlHUIGTpe no,ll, ey,ll" 3.11B joj BeXTe A8TB TO np8BO I npesa OeTa.llBI lIHBOBUJmua, jep ee 60jao ,ll,a ee TaRO aenpospsa nYT YDYTapILoj napTajcRoj 60p6B II .IllllBOMe rODeILY. Ilomro je rpYBL .uoro Da OBO oaroaapec, npaaoaeo ee rapamaRBR HajnoC.lle B Tyua nonYCTBTB: Aa ee oeTaBB np8BO cKynmTBBB Aa ee OBa 1J0ae BS ey,II,y TyZHTB npoTHBy IBBBeTap3, ronopeaa, ,11,3 ee Tne ,ll,OCTBZe noanyao r.ll8BB8 ~eJL, B JR.Ila~ R>8jy ee onacae noeaeaane, soje 6B nOBIIR.Ile RaA 611 cKynmTHHa ey~ AB.IIa CUM.3 1lHUOBHJmU8. Ma A3 je rpYHL B nojllBo KaKO ey PapamaBBBOBe npueft,6e y.ecue, oner B3jaBB,II,3 aesose Y3eu Ba ee A3 ee TO y npojQRTY np0M.eBB. Haj33,11, Ao~ome aa POR CaSHB3ILa cRynmTBUCKor. Y npojeRTY je cTaja.llo ,ll,a ee cKynmTBua eaSBBJLe ABryeTa lIeee~a CB8Re roaaae; BO I'a pam8uHB npeA.llarame A3 ee eRynmTBBa C8SBBJLe GBaRe ,ll,pyre rO,ll,Bue. rpYBL je CBeTOBao Aa ee lOBO nlTalLe oeTaBB ca.oj cRynmTBBB HeRa OBa peaa, e TOil npBMC,lI,60:u:' A3 8RO 6y,ll,e upBMJLeB pOR Ba ABe rOABBe, OB,lI,B ,11,3 ee y TOj ypeA6B Raze, A3 BAyLa cRynmuu3 6YAe caSBaBe CB8ROj3RO 1859 rOABRe. Ilomro je rapamaBBB ,ll,OBpmBO esoje nperosope C rpYBLeM. OB B3a~e y ,ll,pyry e06y OltpyZBBM. BalleJlHH~BMa I lI.1laBOBI.a aeaasamse onoaanaje, Itojl y,ll,e.llOBaxy y paAY ROllBeBje, na III pese y lIellY ee OB AOl'OBOPIO e rpYBLeM, B pese BM., ,11,8 nO,ll,nOM.axy y cltynmTIHB re npaaseae B31leae.

Y BC,lI,eJLy 6em~ APyra CeJl,HJm3 ItOMBGuje, HO MHma AHacTacBjeBBL. BHje Aom30 BsroBapajyb ee ,ll,a je 60JleCTaH. BSBoBa npeue,4,e ueo npojeRT, uaBaR no lI.1l8BaR. q.llaBoBB reeaors Kpyra aapoaao.llB6epa.llHe napTaje, KOjB cy BeL 6B.IlB BemTO nonyeTB.IlI rapamaBBlIY 6exy y "BeOMa Be3rOJJ,HOMe nO.lloaajy npe.a nOC.llaaB~B1la ILBXOB'a. npsana, Koja SaCC,4,aB8xy y 1t01lBCBjB, RO Be YAe.1JOBaxy y nperoaoBopBMa ea 1lBBBCTpOM. OBB cy nOC.ll8,ll,ILB nalTB.IlB npe,1l,.llor KaltaB je npe~e 6uo Ita,ll, ey ra lIBTa.llB y cKynmTBBB B aexreaoae Aa sBaAY BB sa assenposeae. TeR mro Oltpy:atBB Halle.llBBD;B yseme lIHRHTH sese npHMe,IJ,6e Ba ea. apaeryn y npe,ll,.Ilory, 3 TO no.eDYTB noeaaBHD;U CTBAome ee BeL CPABTH H BHKaTH Ba ILBX. M.ila,4,B .Il16ep3.1lItB

BsJi>a.l1R ey Aa 6YAY nocpeAHu~1I U3M.e~y ILBX. On . ee H3 jYTPS ,lJ,Orosopame ca cBojn RpyroM AS je aeomomo 1I3MeBUTJI HSAaBalLe saK.OHa CallO)l cKynmTBBoM HR npocTonpeMaralLe. Pa3J103U I'apamaaaaoaa, ltojH ee y uperoaopaaa CBOjRM ea rpyjuhell OMRILame Ha 3aKOH 0 cBeToaBApejcRoj CltynmTBHu, KRHAa uM.RAome YTB~aja. ROJllICBjR «PBIU OBY. nonpaBRy. TaRo HCTO apoxarame B CBe OBe H3MeDe HR soje npBcTaAome rpyuh H I'apamaaaa, OCUli rora HeRU lIJlaHOBH 6exy pas6ujeBH Da ABa, APyrH oner enojeaa y jeA3H, TRltO AR 6poj CBujy lI.I1RDaRR ,ll,onpe ,11,0 40. Hajsa,lJ, qBBOBHB~R Rojll 6exy lI.IlaHoBB y TOj KO)UICBjH, Bc~elLKajy re HI: JlB6epR.IIB YCTyne jom ABe CTBapH. Y npojeRTY ee CnOMHlLame 0 epncao] ApaaBB. JOBaH Ilepyaasah HRAa YZRCHY ApeKY npOTUBY Tora aapass, AORasyjyhB, Aa. Cp6uja Buje BHRaltO APzaBa, H All. cKynmTHBa Be CHe HaSRBaTD CBOjy sellJLY OHOII THTyJlOll, soja 6B aamrame APzaBe yBpeABJla. Ba OAJlYlIeHoAa ee cBYAa ynQTpe6H aapaa "CpncKa RHeaeBHBa." Y npojesry ()H saaaao, AS lIHBOBHH~B HeMory HH Hs6HpaTH, BB 6HTH Hsa6paHlI sa nOMaBHRe cKynmTHHCKe y OHn oRpysBllla, rAC OBB Hllajy naaer." ORpyatHH HallCJlHH~H CKOlJe nporaa oaor BsyseTKa; BO HapoAHB nOMaBB~H callH Ty nonyere pesaa: "E HeRB HX aesa OBR YAeJlyjy y Hs60pna, HeRR BX aess 6YAY lIaR H Hs6paHH; Hac je oner BIIme OA ILHX, B IIU HehellO Bsil.6paTH sa cKynmTBBapa 1I01leRR, ROjH je p~an y OllH.a HapoAa." qJl8H Aa ee 1IHHOBHH~BMa He,ll,R· Hs60PHO npaao, 6H Hs6pucaH. Ilomro ee neo npeAJlor nperJleft,a, 6B BanHcaH BSBamTRj cKynmTHHB, sora nOAnHmy CBi! ltOjH cy Ty 6HJlB.

CYTpa AaD 8. Aeltell6pR 6HU je lIeT1IpTR ceAHB~a caeroanapejCRe esynmraae, Muma AnacTacujeBHL DMo~e DB rora AaBS, nOA HSrOBOpO)l 60.lleCTH. Ho npODOCBO ee raae Aa ee OH nparaapa, a YSPOR 60JlecTB oner TYllallHJ1U cy OBaItO: KaO ,lI,a je OD noaaec &6Y.IIHecJleH,lI.H npe,ll.Jlor saRODa 0 cRynmTHDH npeaegea Da cJlpaD~ycRB, B Ail. ra je TypCKB soxeeap npeayepeo zeeTOKBIl npesopaaa sa TaRni! npe,ll.yseLa. RRjMaKRII~H cy y6eAH.lJB He cRn Ra6YJIH-e4fleD,lI.Hjy Bel. B cJl·paD~YCKora. ROBsY.lJa Ae3ecRpa, ,lI.a cKynmTBHR DeLe D3a1.H DS 1I0)f;e rapamaHHBaB MBme AnacTacHjeBBLa; C rora iIpe,ll. OllBMR TypcROra ltollecapa MDma BSrJ1eAame sao 1IBH01lHDlt mro ce nOr8111J.IIiI. if8·Aatla pe'q.

64

HOAomSB y seAo~y MBDIS je XTeO nORRS&TB RBO d&jarB AS Be npBeTsje AS ee easoa 0 eRynmTHBB BRAS, a OBSBO je y BeTB MaX RpRO 0,11. ROBeeaps Aa 00 HeBO&e AS OABP&TH eRynmTBoy 0,11. BUepeB& nOMB. Y BeeTO lLers npeAeOABBso je y eRynmTRBR OTeBlJa MaxSjJlOBBL, B npeAJlor SaROBS 6B npassea jeAOOrJlSeBO, oen jeAHor uaBB, ROjB je ,11.0- 6BO SB ee C8MO BeLny rJlBeOBB. Tsj U8B OApe~BBBO je ROJlBRB Le 0,11. eSA 6nB 6poj nOMaOB'RS BB eRynmTBHB. -qBOOBBB~H H3 eBojHx pallyoa, S BeRH BapOABB nOMBBB~H oner HS eRoBolIHje, AonymTSXY, Aa ee HB XH.lL3AY aopeesax rJlaBB Hs6epe no jO,ll,SB nOMBBBR; a no npeaJlory je 6uo no ABB, mTO je H yeBojeBo BehHBOB rJlBeOBS. EBO KaRaB je 610)aROO nomro je 6BO ea ea .. nperJle,ll.aB B nperpemea,

"HapOAL ep6CRiA npeso eB06 eBOTo-aHApe6BeKe eKynmTBBe, ea- 6paoe y Beorp3AY 1858 roaaae, npeAJla&e,

,,3 a It 0 B 'L 3 a B a p o A Bye It y n m T B BY."

HapOABa 6 eRynmTBoa GAoa OA'L oaA:eTapBitt B oaA:eBeTiA yOTaBOB a y KBJI&eBCTBY ep6eROM'L. ODB 6 aBKOBBTB BOJli OBers oapO,ll.a ep6eROr'L. Ro ee APZBBH) B M06oABOll saROBBTott paABLB B3pOAoe csyn-

. \

mune npOTBBH, BBAsAuBR'I» 6 aapoaa, OKynmTBOY HapOAHY OBTB ]£0

MOlte YHBmTBTB, BBTB 6 Y npaay BtOOM OrpSBB1JBTB. HSPOABS esynmTBBa cT3paLe ee aa CBe, mTO RopBeTL aeBSJlLCRB ISBCRY6. HBRSKBR SBKOBB 0 KBLasy, COBeTY, nonellBTeJlLHMa B HapOABoA eRynmTBBI Be "lory ee BSAaTI BB npOMeBBTB 6ea'L npe,ll,XOABOr'I» enopsaYBJltlif>s ca BapOAOOM'L cKynmTBHOM'L. Hapoaaa cltynmTBBa BM3 BJlaeTI> Y Bile napO,ll.B SSXTeBaTB, AB ee cBaRill, ~t.llB Be eXOAaB'L a SltOH'I» , B eBSRa aAMHBHeTpSTBBOB:, BBTepeCBMa BSPO,ll.OBM'I» npOTBBHa Rape,ll,6s, YBBmTB. Op6iJl .ee He MOlte BBTB S3,11,yZHTB BBTB BS mTO 06BeSaTB, AOR'I» sa TO. Be npBCTRBe BapO,ll,BB cRynmTaBa. HBRILR3B'I» npno,ll.'I» SB APZ3BBY RBCY, ROB 6Ll BBPOAY BS TepeT'I» noepeaao B.IlB aenoepeaao II30, Be MOllta ee yeTaHOBBTB, ,ll,0R'b ee oaAnpe IIOTpe6a TorB, 6LlJlO oeodeao HJlB y rJlaBBOM'L rOABmo'kn 6YI}eTY ,ll,p&aBHOM'L, npeA'I» OSPOABOB" cKynmTRBOM'L He AOR83£e. HapOA08 cRynmTBBs MOlte nperJl6,ll,BTB eae nOC.IIOBe ApZSBRe B 0 BI>BMa. MBtBie CB08 aspeha, HapO,ll,BB cKynmTBHa MOatO Y BIle BBPOAS, JioneUT6Jl'k, lJBHOBHHlt6 H aBBBBlJBHRe 6es'I» paa-

66

.IlH1te peJl,a H eTpy~e sa HLHOBa nporaaysaaoae Jl,ORaSaHa Jl,e.lla 06TY:atHTH eYAY, H eYA'L 6 Jl,YZRH'L TYZcSy npHIlHTH H HSMtAoBaBtH ey~eHik IIpeJl,yseTB. HapO,ll.Ha 6 eRynmTBHa eaeTRB.IIikHR OJl,'L AB~a ROB HapOA'L Bs6epe. HapOJl,Ba eRYllmTHB3 AP&a.Le ee eaase rOAHBe y npeeTOHOIl'L .teTY CpeSie 0 Ka.lloA roenO~H. TIpaBBTe.lleTBO Le Hape,ll.BTH, Jl,a ee ,11,0 BMBRe roeno~e BScSOp'L nOMaHHRa eBpIDB. ARO ee HOBH nOC.llaHH~H ,11,0 Be.IIBRe roeno~e He HseSepy, OHJI,a Le ee nOe.llaHB~B nOC.lleJl,Bt eRynmTBHe eMaTpaTH 1£80 Jl,a ey HS BOBO BsaeSpaHB, H Jl,yZHH ey, Be seKanLB nOSHB'LB.IIaeTB, can Ha OJl,pe~eBO lleeTO Jl,OLH H e1£ynmrHHy 0 1130.1101 roenO~H OTBOpHTH. Iloneasraasa, noJl,'L KOBBa ee HapOJl,Ha osynmTHBa nponyeTH eaSBaTH H APzaTH Jl,0 ypelleHor']) Jl,8Ha, cliaTpaLe ee B RaSHHTIL sao HalseLH npeeTynHH~H Sa1£OBa. CBaRiit nYHo.lltTaH,]) rpal)aHBB,]) epeSeRiA, 6LIO ODD sora .. y Jl,paro CTaBB, peJl,3 H.IID SBaBiB B SaB1DlaBB, ROB sis sa 3.1101lHBeTBO, DS,]) .IIaRo.eTBa H.IlB ROpHeTO.lll>6iB . YllBHikBO, oei~eB'.L, aoae eSBpaTH nOC.llaBBRe y lleeTY rJl,e eTaHY6, BJIB rJl,e BIlaHeUORpeTHLI Jl,oeSapa H.IIH BaUB']) &HB.IItBB. Ito aose eSupaTB 1I0C.llaHHRe, .. oze eBYA3 H HS86pau']) 6LITH sa n06.IJ.8HBRa, 1101£0 Hila 30 rOJl,BHa, eSes']) eBaTpaHB 6.11D on Ty rJl,e ee eSBpa ll.llil HH6. IIs60p']) IIOC.llaBDRa sa B3pOJl,By oRynmTHBy eSLILe caspmeao C.IIoeSOJl,aH'L eSoo']) BR3RBOr'.L .. emaaa B.IIaeTI. ROH 6LI npeTHLo.']), nORJIOBOIl,]) H.IIH Ila ROB .. ']) HeAoSBoJitBHM.,]) HallIlBOM,]) panio sa oeeSe H.IIB Jl,pyrora Rora Jl,a cSy Ae DS86paH'b sa BapOJl,BOr'b noeaaaasa , TorR Le eYJl,OBH RaSHBTH S&TBOpO .. 'L O,ll,']) 6J1,BOr'b xecena Jl,0 rOJl,BBy Jl,aHa. CBaRiit epess H eBaRa OKpYZHa Bapo:ftI'L 6Bpa sa eeeSe nOC.ll3BDRe. TaRO H CBaRa BapOm'b y epeay , ROJI HMa 100 nopeasa rJlaBa, eSHpa sa ee6e noeaaaasa. ITo cpeeoaasa eSHpa HseSopHa esymaraaa, ROIO eaeTaB.IIJlIO BseSHpau HS,]) 'tlBaItOra eeaa H.IIH aapoma y epeay. CBaRo eeao HJlB sapoms , ROJI He cSHpa sa reeSe, aRO lIMa MaRt O,~'L 50 nopeasa rJlaBa, HsaeSpaLe Ha ceOeROIl'L oaeTaBRY Jl,Ba 1I0Be1£8, a OMa npeso 50 nopessa rJlaBa asacSpaLe Ba eBaRD 60 rJlaBa nopeasa no Jl,Ba lIOBeR8. On HS8- cSpaHH .llIOAH oaeTaLe ce OJl,pe~eBOr'b Jl,aBa aa OSBalleHO .. 'b lleoTY Ba cpesRy eItynmTBBY, RO.a: he Hsa6paTll n06JlaBH1te sa BapoAHY eItynmTHBy. - Y O1£PYZRHM']) Bapomlllla, y napoma Beorpaay; 1£1100 H Y aapoIIUllla, 1£06 BHey OItpYZHe, a no §-41Y 21. )lory sa eece 113a6paTH noI)

,

66

Cl.llaHHRe, 6J1pa HS60pHa cRynmTBHa, ROIO CaCTaBJUIIO CBH, 1t0H HKaIO npaao 6J1paTll. Ha Hs60pHoA cltynmTBHH npeACeAaBa npeAC6AaTe.llL npanpHTe.llHOr'b cYAa, rAe ee cRynmTHHa APZH. Ro Hila HailBume rJla~ COBa, TaA he ee npOr.llaCHTH sa nOeJJaaBRa. CBasiA epees H CBaRa ospyZHa aapoms , RaO JI BapOm'l> y cpesy, KO.a: no §-cJ.Iy 21. sa ce6e 6Hpa, Hsa6p8Le Ha CBaKH 500 nopeesa r.ll8Ba !lAHOr'b noeaaaase, H OHe o~pyzHe aapoma , Roe BIlRIO maRt OA'L 50C nopeesa raana , 6BpaIO 8AHOr'b nOMaHBRa. ARO 611 OBO, mTO y ROllO epeay H.IlB sapoma npeJ1asH npeao 500 nopeesa rJ1aB8, BSHOCH.IlO BBme OA'I> 250 nopeesa rJIaBa, TO he ee TaMO Hsa6paTB iom'b 8AaH'b nOC.llaHHR'b; aRO.llB Tal BUmaK'b Be npeaaaa 250 nopeesa rJlaBa, oUAa ee TO He he paqYBaTB. ITon8l1HTe.lll>CTBO BHyTpeBLH AtJla 06uapoAoBaLe Ta6.1lH~y, y RoioA he CTaHTH RO.llBRO soa ORPYZH8 BapOml>, cpes'b BJ1U sapoms , KO.a: ais oRpY&Ua, a .o&e Hsa6paTH nOC.llaBHRa, Da nopeesa rJIna, H KOJ1HRO Le Hsa6paTH nOC.llaHHRa. CRynmTHHa Le nOA'b ynpaBO.'b HaitcTapier'b nOCJ1aUHRa no rOAHua.a US'll CB08 cpeAHBe Hsa6paTH ce6H npe,ll,c6Aareaa, nO,ll,npeAceAaTe.ll.a: H ,ll,Ba eeeperapa. Ho eesperape C&ynmTHBa .oae Bsa6paTH H HSBaH'I> cRynmTHBe. ITyuOMoLi.a: nOC.llaBBRa, KO.a: Le 6HTH cHa6,11,tBeHa nellaTOIl'b 06mTIIBe H nOAnHC8ua npeACeAaTe.llnM'bH AeJIOBOAHTeJ1t.'b Bs60pBe cRynmTHBe, y BapomHlla H OA'b otSWTBHapa, y cpesy lIaR'll H OA'b no 8ABOr'b Hs6upaqa HS'b esssors eeaa , npua

. H nperJ1eAa sO.Hci.a: cRynmTBBcsa, CaCTaBJ1tBa OA'I> 18 noeaaaase , a cRynmTHBa ca.a penrasa 8Cy .11K nYBolloLi.a: H Ks60PH saROBHTH. Ilomro ce SBaBH'IHB~H cRynmTHBcRH Bs6epy, H nomro cKynmTHBa nyHo.oLis nperJ1e,ll,a, HSBecTBhe COBeT'I>, a OBaI saaas , ROH Le ca.'I> c0601l'l> B.IlH npeso CBon npeACTaBBHRa cltynmTHHy OTBOpBTB. CKynmTHHa Tpa8 HaiBBme SAaH'I> llece~'I> AaHa. Ho y MyUIO HSBaBpeAHe norpede Boae ee cRynmTHHa H ua Aa.llt npoAy.lltHTK. 3actA8HiJl CRynmTHBe 1I0ry ee nOllaTH RaA'I> n8 ABe rpesaae nOC.llaHHRa. CBRKO saKJ1DlleHt cRynmTHHe 6Bhe saROBHTO RaA'I> sa Btra ,lI,a r.llac'I> n0J10BIIHa nOMaHHsa, ROB ee y cRynmTBHH aaaase, B eAan BUme. 3aRJ1DlleBJI aapoaae cRynmTlUIe nOADBCY8 npeACeAaTeJ11" nOAnpeAceARTe.lll>, no 6ARn nOC.llaHBR'I> HS'I> CBaltOf'b oRpyziJl, B eesperspa. Ilpeaaore CB08 aa HBAaBaHt RaKBOf'I> BaRODa, nojJ,HocBhe C&ynmTHBa cOBeTY. Ha, nOA-

67

aeeeaa SaRJIH)1I6UJI csynmTBHe naL.e ioit ce 6JlSrOBpeMeHO O,ll,l'OBOPBTIt. TIPOTOROJl':L ssct,ll,smJl aapoaae C&ynmTHue mTaMnahe ee y SBSHB'IUHM':L

,

It ,ll,pyrHM':L HOBBHaKS BeMaJlMKBM':L. Y MY'ISro BeJlHRe RSRBe norpede

MOJRe RHHS':L y carJlsciro cs COBeTOM':L CSBB8TB H BaHpe,ll,Hy cRynmTHHy aa 6poro sOJliuta fI B peaoeaa, HO OBO' c8SHBaHt B8Hpe,ll,He cRynmTBHe ae he CMeTB HII y se My Ha nyT)) CTaJlTlI caSBBY II ,ll,pZaHJO peaoaae HspOAHe csynmTBHe. HapoABuit nOM3HBK':L He MOJRe sa spese cltynmTBHe HII sa mTO 6UTB SSTBOpeH':L ,ll,01t'b cRynmTHu3 Haitnpe He OA06plI. Ho KaA'b 6u 1'3 BJlSCT'li YXBaTBJl3 H3 CaMOM':L ,ll,iuy S.lJO'lBHCTBa, Moze ra saTBOPBTII, aAH 6 ,ll,y3tHa O,ll,MS O,ll,':L csynmTBHe IICR3TlI oA06peHi~, Aa ra y saraopy SRAP3tIl~ Ha ne'lSTY HapOAHe cRynmTBHe CTOJlL.e Cp6cRiA l'p6':L C':L H8AnBCOM':L YB80ROJlO: "Cp6CRS HSPOAUS cRynmTBH8"." TIo,ll,':L cTapsHilM':L npe,ll,Ce,ll,aTeJIH 11 eespersps csynillTBHe BOABL.e ee AOCTaTO'lSn IIBBOA':L cBiro At.IJs CltynmTBHe, ROB L.e Ctl ROH~eM':L nOMeABtl'':L ssci;Aams, 06BlIHHM'b nOAnllOOM':L cRynmTBBe (§. 31.) cHa6,11,tBeH':L, A3TlI nellaT3TlI T3S0, ,11,3 ee CB3KOM':L nOMSHBRY AaAe no 6ASH':L eKseMnAap':L OA'b HCTOl'a, a B CBUM3 SeMaJlMKlIM':L BJlaCTHMa H 06mTBHaJ:a,ll,OCTaBB. Opesse oRpy3tUe BJlallTB c3sBaL.e epease B sapomse cKynmrane, H Ty he HM':L oBaft BSBOA'b AtJlRHJI aapoaae cRynmTBue npo- 1JBTaTB, Aa T3RO can HSpO,ll,':L ,ll,06H6 sepao II TOllBO IISBtCTi6 0 CBeMY, mTO 6 y cKynmTBHII paheno. TIo C3CJlymaBro npeaaoaeaa, "Kona ee BapO,ll,Ha csjmnraaa S3U1IM3, RH.lIS'b he y earaaein ea COBtTO.':L, caMymaBmB npexosao 0 TOMe .utHia cRynmTIIHe, HB,II,aTlI YK3S':L AS ,ll,tJl3U.lI cRynmTBHe npecT3uy. YRII.S':L L.e oBait COBeT'r. ,ll,OCT3BBTII esynmTBuB, 11 nOTO.'b Le ItHaS':L lIJIB CaM':L IIJlH cpeACTBOM'b npe,ll,CTRBHBK3 CBOl'':L 6eceAO.':L 6,1J,UO.':L cRynmTBHy S8RJlro'lIlTII. TaRo YTBp~euo aa U3POABOii cRynmTIIHII 8. AeReM6p3 1858 y Beorpany. (I OBaj je saROH BaJl,3JlO jom OCTRBBTH COBeTY II BJl3,1J,II,11,S 1'3 nOTBPAII.

Tora HCTor A3Ha BY'IBL. UeS3,1J,OBOJL3B B ItlLa3teCRo.napT~jo. ~ CBOjDM RajMaRaM~lIMa, S llyB OA CBY,lJ,S RRRO ee mHpB YTB~aj JlB6epaJlHa napTaje HS cKynmTllHY, BpsL.ajyLH ee ea COBeTCRe eep,HH~a, CBpaTII rpYHL.eBoj RyLH, mTO ,lJ,OTJle HBRS,IJ, HBje paABO H nOBOBe ra R ce6B no .pyllRy. Ra,lJ, rpYIIL. OAe It lLeMY, ByuL. CTaBe oA06paBaTH ese mTO je ypaAHJl& JlB6ep8JlHS napTaja, B nOSOBe ra AS npaeraae ysa-IL H ,lJ,s

68

noaorae nOM3HHI\HMa, C KOjUa. ee OH BeL ,l\OrOBOpHo, Aa ra cyTpa 110- SOBY Y cKynmTHHY Aa ee sa.jeAHo ca HapoAolI Jl3TH sajMHHlIROr noeaa. OBaj npeAJIor 6H npHll311.1f>HB, aJlH rpYHL He OAJIYU Aa ra IIpHllB jep je saao Aa ee ByuLe •• oae KOPHCTHTH nps paCnpaBJLaILY uapoAHHx nOCJlOBa, aAH 6H TemKO 6HJlo paAHTH C ILBII sajeAHo' y jeAHoM IIpaBI\Y; C Tora B O,l\rOBOpB, Aa lIy He .ose HBmTa OjJ,0YAHO KasaTH, AOK ee Be paarosopa ca CBOjBM APyroBHMa. M('~y THII 113 Aa cy Kajlla&aMOBI\H H nojMHJlH Aa je BeL KYI\HyO lJac A3 ee Rapa~op~eBBL 060PH, oner MBma AHacTa.cHjeBHh KOjH 6eme cBojTa KILa.SY, aeseo je Aa. TO HSBpmH esynmTHB3 nOA YTHI\a.jell sora APyrora eaao ae 01JHTO aera,

Paao cyTpa AaH nouy ee cKynJI>aTB BapoAHB nOMaHHI\H ua eaeTaBaK. llOM3HHI\H BS I'pyae, ROjH 6exy npHCTaOI\H BY1JHLeBH, TyMapaAH cy TaMo, allO, re Bp60BaJlB 1I0MaBBRe BaH cRynmTBue Aa Tpe6a nOSBaTH ByuLa y cRynmTHHy. OUH cy rOBOpHAH: HapOA je AO caAa paAHO sajeAHO ca BYlIBLell, Da. He Tpe6a ee HB caAa AeAHTB oA u.era; OB xoLe ca uapoAo., B sa. &eJlo Le AoLB y cRynmTBHy ca.o aRO ee nOSOBe. Ho lJJlaUOBH y3ter Rpyra JlB6epaJlue naprsje, nocTspajy ee, re oABpaTe nOMeuYTe nOMaBHKe oA re aaaepe; paSJlO3tBBmH HIl, Aa ByuL 110 saROHY He 1I00Ite npBcycTBOBaTB Ha cKynmTBUH: "Aso KO npeAJlOJltB A3 ee BYlIHL nOSOBe y cKynmTBUY, rOBOpBAH cy OHB, Taj Le nocTynaTH npoTHBy aasoaa; H OCHM rore ByuL HIRaRO uHje C Halla HHTH C.O n: C U.lnl, 3 saROH je Ha Hamoj CTpaUB; CBB OCTaJlB noeaaHH&R B sap. Beorpaa; JI.H CBB HHTB JlteJlBMO, BBTH xoLello. Aa ee BYlIHL SOBe y CltynmTHHY." OBaROBa OACYABa BsjaBa oAyseJ1a je 1I0ryLuoc npHjaTeAlBlla erapor sojaone, Aa Bsa~y ca cBojn npeaaorOil y csynmTBBH; a MHrna AHacTllcujeBHL osora nyTa ae Ao~e y esynmTBny. TaRBBIl BaUHOIl CTpaHRa, soja je 3teJlB.Ila YCROPHTB naA Rapa~opqeBBLa 6YAe 0CJ1a6AleHa. Ho npa CBe. TOM BS npeA.Ilora B pen Roje cy Taj AaH y cRynmTBHB aarosopeae, 1I0r.IJO ee BHABTB Aa ee 6ypa npaaaxe. llpHCTa.llBI\a B.lJaAHHe OnOBHI\Bje ,- 6eOrpaACRB 110- MaHHR, MnajB.lJo Bap.llOBaI\,BSa~e ca ner npeA.lJ.ora. OH rpasame, Aa cRynmTBHa paC.OTpH noeryase B.IlaABBe, a PMH rors Aa je COBeT Ay3t8H nOAHeTH cKynmTlIHB nOAaTRe HS IlHHBcTapcRHX palJyH3 OA 1842 rOABHe. HeRB OA cRynmTHHap~ (iR.IlB cy IIBWeu.a Aa ee OAnOlJBe nper-

69

.ileA B.Ila,ll,BHHX noerynase 0,11, 1848 rO,ll,BHe, au cRynmTHHa YCBOjH npeaaoe Bapaoana. Aa.ILe Bapaosau rpssaare ,II,a eOBeT nomeee cRynmTHBB us nper.lle,ll, npojeRT rpa~aBCRor B RpHBBlJHOr nooTynER, Roje oy aaposare ItOMHcBje BeL. enpesaae 611.1le; AS ee pema enopao narase 0 BEUtHM ~YMpY~HMa H ,lI,a ee YBaJitH MO.ll6a rypryooBRlJIte onmTBHe, re ,II,a ee nopyma Ity.lla Roja je nOSHaTa s60r BajsoBHX y 1L0j MYlJelLa. Ilonro oy eBB OBB npe,ll,.Il0SH YCBojeHH ()B.IlH, JO~R HaYMOBUL., Baqe.llBHIt OItpyN ItpymeBalJltOr, "je,ll,HBOTBeBH" Rapa~op~eBa~ y oRynmTBBH~, npeA.llo:atB ,II,a ee noaaeee SaXBR.IlHa a,ll,peea Ba. RlLaJlteBY npeOTO.IlHY 6eoeAY; a.llH je,ll,DOr.llaCHo 6B oA.llyqeBO AS ee Ba 6eoe,ll,y BHmTa Be oaroaapa. 3a THI: HeRB nOO.llaHB~1I BSHecy paaae S.IlOynoTpe6e, B'oje oy B.IlRCTB y ILHXOBHM RpajeBBM8 nOlJBBB.Ile, a Boaa BOJltOB&:L., npe,ll,06,IJ.HBIt cy,ll,a oltpyra PYAHBqItOr npeA.llOJitH ,ll,a ee saBe,ll,e y Cp6Hj&: YOMeHo &: jSBHO o~elLe; ,ll,a loe HS,ll,a saROH npOT&:B nperepaaax aarepees &: ,ll,a ee Cle.ILaity Be Mory npO,ll,aTB sa ,II,yr RO.lla &:

BO.llOBH sao oABeL. ByZH&: sa Sell.ILO,ll,e.llCRH ltHBOT. HrILaT HaoHL., npora, UOCJIaDHR .Il0SBlIlJItlI B To,ll,0p Ty~aRoBHIi, nOMaBHR RparyjeBalJR&:, np6,ll,JloJite ,ll,a ee &:s,ll,a saROD 0 M060,ll,HOj mT8IlnH, ROj&: L.e no ILHXOBY 1lHmJlelLY 6BT&: BajBeL.e jellcTBo sa HapO,ll,Dy M060,ll,Y. OCHIl Tora no,ll,aece BeROJlHRO Bp.110 Ba.ILaDBX npe,ll,Jlora no CTpy~&: WBBRHCBCEOj H noseso-npaspeaao], Ma:Jloje Ilerpoaak , nOMaBBIt epeaa EalJepeROr, y ROjua nOTaDEO pasaarame eaoje IIBCJlH. Ilonro oy n06pojRBe jom sese SJloynoTpe6e cpeesax cTapemBB8, ROjB ey YSHllaJlB eallOBJlaOBO BOB~e BB OIIillTBDCKHX Raea, re ,ll,aBSJl&: no,ll, sarepee, oaOTaDaR 6y,11,6 saK.ILyqeB.

TaRo BeL. 6eme nponrao meeT ,lI,RBa, O,ll, EaRO ee CaCTaJl8 cRynmT&:B8, 8 llHTalLe 0 Oy,ll,6HBB EILRsa, HBje DB Ba ,ll,JlaRY nomao Danpe,ll,. ItRjM.RRaM~, cRyne ce y sese y RyLH Ma:me ABRcTaoHjeBHL.a, Ey,ll,a no SOBY: CTeBlJY, JeBpeMR rpyjBL.a H PaBRa AJlHMllHL.a. Ha OBOII ORYny eS&:u oy CBB nOMaDH~H, EojH oy no saEOBY Rao lJBBOBDB~B y ClEynmTBBy ,ll,omJlH, sao : ORpyltBH BalJeJlBB~H, npe,ll,Ce,ll,H1I~H 0Y,ll,OBR, npore, &: apXURB,II,pBTB. Hll8jyLH yssee BehHBY 0,11, OBBX oRynmTBHRpa, PapamaHBH &: MUma, 6HJlB oy nOTnYDO YBepeBB,II,a he yoneTH y CBOII npe,ll,ysehy; DO ByllHh Be 6eme ,ll,omao HS OB8j aeSop. AOMahHB RyL.e &: rapam8BBH ,ll,OrOBapaJlH ee, HaeaIO y je,ll,Boj 006&:, 68 BO~all8 JllI-

70

6epa.llue napT8je. OBSj psarosop, CTeBlIS OB3RO onBcyje, y eBojHK ssnHeUlI3: "OHB ynHTame seae: - " [eere aa ee BB pemBJlB, ,11.3 sajeARBlI&B s~an;inIo A.IleRe3lI,l1,ps. ",li,a 60rMe; liB eso rOTOBB," naroBOpB CTeBlIS, ORB liB npyze pyRy B TaRO ee liB jeAsH APyroM saBepHM.O; SJlB eallo 6eme paaroaopa: RaRO AS S~aD;HM.O AJleReaHApa! a BRme UB oses, HB pesa, HB ja. UB ORB, He rosopaeao; HBRO He narsme, mTS hello paAHTB Aa,n,e. Cuo MBms pese M.H, "APZH ee TB Hse, na hem 6BTB epebaa 1I0BeR!"

,li,BopeRa napraja, npeABB~ajyhB onaeaoe, noeTynB no eBOIl naaay, HanpeA YAemenOIl, na BSBeAe 10. ,li,eD;eM6pa, paao y jyTPY ua Bpasap CBY BOjCRY, nemaee, ROILSHHKe B ronnaje 60jsrB aaaeape PSAB, S Y npese RRA cy ee USpOABB nOMSHBD;B eSRyn,n,sJlB y cRynmTHHY, BojcRa ee BpaLaJla TonlIHAepCRHM. nYTell, Y RacapHY, npeA RojOM je ~anAa CBHPS.IlS ne~eAHB xapm. Coo cTapemBHe BojcRe B 04lBD;HPB oCTany y saeapaa, Roja 6eme 6.1lBSY cRynmTHHe CROPO Ha CTO sopaaa, COBeT ca CBBU lI.1laUOBHMS 6eme H8.0Ryny. MlIBBCTPH ee 6exy cRynBJlB y RaHD;eJlapBjH, nopea ABOpn;a. Y CaM oj sapoma He ~eme npaaerao BHRaRBe .lItBBOCtB HB nospera. Ha caCTaHaR cRynmTBHcRB Ao~e B MJlma AHaeTacBjeBBL.. Ilpe Hero mTO je eaCTanaR OTBopeR nOCJl3BBD;B ce paarosopaxy Haj.llaR y rOIlB.Il~3Ka BS Me~y ce6e. Ileo s60p HM.a~awe CBellaH BSrJIeA, SJlB no HeR3A 1I0rJlO ee npBlleTBTB na nOCJI3HBD;BM.8, Aa 6y HellHM. sa6pBRYTB. Y AeBeT B no lIaCOBS saSBOHB SBORD;e npeAeeARBRa, B HaCTa MBByTS IIpTBe TBmBHe. Ho eBO YCTa npeAceAHBR, B na lLera CBB ynpeme OU. MHrna SaMOJlB cRynmTHHY,' ,11.3 6aMyma lLerOBY pes, ROjy je xreo BsrOBopBTB jom npaor Aaus, RaA je eRynmTHua orsopeaa, HO TO Beu, sao Aa HBje sorao ylIHBHTH, je,ll;RO AOR He BaCT3He peAo-· BBB TOR Y cRynwTBHB, a noeae s60r 60JleCTH. Ho npa eBeli TOM MHma He aaronopa call OBY pes, B aRO ee pallYHao pelIBTBII 1I0BeROII, BeL. npeAaAe je HanBcaRY rpYBhy Aa je npoxara. Y pexa OBOj MBwa ~JlarOAapeL.B cRynwTBHapBM.a, mTO ey ra Haa~paJlB SS npeAceABHKa, OH je nOrJIaBBTO YAapao Ha TO: Aa je 0,11. caAa .1I3CT aeroaa neaaaa ca P3AIL01l CRynmTBBe; Aa OH nomro ra je CYA~a y CBeMY 60raTo 0- 6AapB.Il3, lIte.llB CaMO jeAHo, a TO je AR ca1IYBa noareao B A06po ne1 B ,11.8 he OH y npBJlBRaM.a, R30 mTO je OBa 6aAa 6BTB 0,11. no-

71

MObH CBOMe BapO,ll,Y: n CpebaH je lJOBeS, ROra npaTH 6.1larOMOB BRPO,ll,HH, BeJLame MHma; au ,je TemRO TOMe Ba aora ee BaAa neo BapO,ll,." 311. THM MHma. npeeraaseme ce6e sao 1JOBeRa, ROjH ee Be nO,ll,aje lIamTaMa BeHCRYCHe MJla,ll,OCTH, Beb sao lJOBeRa ROjH je npoBHRHyT HCRpeBHM 1JYBCTBOM JLy6au npesa HapO,ll,Y, H oTalJ6HHH, H ROjH ee crapa, ,11,3 CBe H,II,e CBOjHM pe,ll,OM H saROBHTHM nYTeM. ~Ha ese be ,ll,Ob:o: pe,ll" npO,ll,yzaB3 OB; - CUO aesa CBaRH 0,11, nse 6Y,ll,e TPneJLIfB, H He BopymaBa peaa, liMa HHTalDa, 0 1t0jHMa Tpe6a norD MHMHTH, H alto OBa 6y,ll,y asaemeaa B~ pemese, He beM? TpaZHTH ,ll,a ce peme HCTora ,lI,aBa, jep MozeMO ee nO&ajaTH mTO CMO UX pemHJlH oasso, a He ,ll,pyroja;IJHje. Tpe6a ,ll,aTH JLy,ll,HMa speaeae ,ll,a 0 CBeMY ,lI,06po paSMHMe; y TaRBIfM nOMOBHMa, XHTalDe je YBeR mItO,ll,JLHBO, a O,ll,.llaralDe II 0603PHBOC BHItR,II,a. Mil )eMo ee caBeToBaTII, norosapera noaaso, naMeTHO, H npaerojac, sao mTO ,ll,O.llBRyje rrOCJJ.aB~HMa epneaor HapO,ll,a. RHRO aesa npaaa, ,11,11. rrHTa cRynmTHBY, ,11,3 JIB ee OBa car.llamaM ea lDefOBHM MHCJJ.Hllta; TO npaao rrpHrra,ll,a eaao je,ll,DOM npeaCe,ll,Hlilty cRyrrmTHBe, a aopea rota IlHmJlelDe esynmraae, BH,II,H be ee npa rJJ.acalLy. OA caA MH beMo TaRO H pa,ll,HTH." llp01JHTaBa pes npeseemasa, Y1JHBH paaaa YTHcaR Ba nOC.IIItBHRe. -qHHOBBH~HM.a H lIJlaHOBOMa RajMaRaMClte napraje, YllHBB.IIa ee 6e3rrpHMepBO A06pa. IlpaBpJltHBnB 06peBoBHLa, BH,II,H.IlH cy no pen rrpe,ll,ce,ll,HHR3, ,11,11. OB JltMB ynp3BJLaTH rrO&peTOM H3POAHHM, H All. rrplIXBaTH yrrp3By y CBOJe PYRe R3,11, ee saaa S6aI\H. HapOAHO-.IlH6epaJJ.Ba rrapTaja, BH,II,H.IIa je All. npeaCeIlBH& rroltymaBa ea OBOII pellB Y3BDCHTB CBOj nOJlozaj, ROjB cy OBB - .IlHOepa.llH, CBOjHM pa,ll,OM aa rrpe,ll,XO,ll,~HM caCTaH~HMa y Be&O.llB&O

. OC.IIR6HJlH; YS,II,HLH CBOj nBPXOBHII" BBallajy OIlOM llarBOBelDY, &3,11, ee neaa SeMJLa cnpell3.11a,ll,3 nposeaa enor noraanapa, a y HCTO npeae ,11,11. enpesa MemalLeu6epaJJ.3ynoC.lloBeB3pO.ll.He cltynmTBHe. HeRB oner, BHAeLH ,11,3 Muma Buje xreo CaM. lJSrOBOpHTH pes, BeL ,11,30 je Ba nposarase eesperapy, HSBOABJlB cY,,II,a je MHm3 xreo ca TlIM,II,R nO,ll,paJltaBa !tlDasy, ROjll je ,ll,ao 6ece,ll,y npe,ll,CTaBBlIRY ,ll,a je npolIrrTa. I) CBOjOM pella MHma je xreo rrOltasaTH, ,ll,a ee TeR ca,ll, oano-

1) OB,II,e je norpemno Ka3IlTO npe,ll,CT3BHKKY, H3 MeCTO H3'leJ1HBKY MRHKOT3PCTB3.

72

BILe npaBB UOMO, pa,I,B &ora je I13POA UOGAaO cBoje UOMaURe aa CRYWUTBBY. Y TO. CIIBMY, pe'l je UpOBSBaAa oA06pasajyb YTHC&R. IIITa BBme B RpajlLB J1B6ep&llJl, IWjna C6 uje Aou&A&.Ila ouo.eBa Ba Bap.4.ue .amTe BeBcRycBe uaAocTB, BalllAJl cY Aa je 60.4.e npBAPYUTB R CBOj rJlac OWUTOj BajaBB upBsBaTeJJ.BoCTR, Roja je rpUJI& C& CBRjy cTpaBa cRyumTBBe B upeysBam&.lla .YAPoC DpeAeeABBRa. RaA ee CTBm&.lle uoxB&.Ile, MBma pese, Aa na pes 6eorpaAcu UOM&HBR MRjajJlo Bapaeaan.

BapJlOB:u~ Rsa~e Ba rOBoplUII\Y B CTaBe rOBOpBTB Ayry 6eC6AY BemTO Ba UaKeT, a BemTO RS apTBje. Y OBOj 6eC6,I,B ua6pajame BapJ10Ba~ Tero6e BapoABe, R ORpBB.4.&B&me sa lLBX B.I1aAY. Y CBO. roBOPY, OB uOllemL.e BBume: "sap uje TaRO 6paLo." BapJlOB~ CBR OAroBopaxy: "TaRO je CBe! TaR<J." llpeAeeABBK sajeABo sa BapJlOB~e. saUBTRBBao je CRYWUTBBY, sap uje TaRO, a sa60paBBO je Aa je OB MaJlO upe 06jaBRo, Aa ca.o OB HIla BCRJLY'lHBO npaso, nBTaTH cRynmTBBy sa lLeBO UmJlelLtl. Iloeae Bapaoaaa yse pes CBMa IlpoTHL., npeAeeABBR cYAa, oRpyra clleAepeBcRor. OB AocTa aeno AORasHBawe, Aa BapoA epuesa, ROjB je RPMY cBoja upaBa saA06Hjo, M03£e BIIaTB eBojy eOnCTBeBY BJlaAY, y J1B~Y RlLasa B COBeTa. A RaA je TaRO, oRAa RlLas R COBeT A06Bja npaao OA HapOJl,a, a Be BapoA 0,11, RlLasa B COBeTa. "ARO je TaRO, Be.4.ame llpOTBL., OBAa BapoA na npaao Aa YSMe RlLasa B COBeT na OJl,rOBOp, sa AeJIa, Roja ey yuseas npOTBBy yeTaBa, B BBTepeca BapOABBX." 3aTH llpOTBL UO- 6poja CBe peAOM S.Il0yuoTpe6e B.Il8.,lI,BBe B npeAaAe CRyumTBBB TY3£6y UpOTHBy B.IlaAe. llpeAC6ABBR ynBTa UOCJIaBHRe: "Je.l1B TaRO 6paL.0."' A CBa cRyumTHBa UOBBlta YrJI&C: "TaRO je ese! TaRO." A HeRB AO AaAome jom B TO: "HapOA M03£e CBaRon CYABTB! TO ee BRme He 1I03£e TpnBTB!" 0680 6eeeABBRa, Bapaosan npBCTaJlR~& RajMaRauje, B llPOTBL upBBpzeHBR 06peHoBBLa, BsjacBBme ee npOTBBy BJlIL,lI,e, a 060JB~a 6exy Jl>YAH pe'lBTH, Aa je rJIac lLBXOB norpecao ~eJly eRYUmT:UY. Iloeae ILHXOBa roaopa BaCTa y cRyumTBHH BeRa 3£RBOOT B CaMOUOY8AalLe, aa MeCTO npe~amlLer L.YTalLa B 6pure. TaAa oner YSMe pe'l Bapaosea, na TRXBII r.l1aeo. 06jaBB, Aa Le AS, npollBTa Ty3£6y npoTBBy KlLasa, B aosae lIBTaTB aRT, KOjH je caCTaBBO rapamaHBH, 880 oay CRyU-

78

mUHY, EOjy je MaMI.Ila CSSBSTB B.IlSABHS onO.SID;Bje, y spese AOJlaCR3 y Beorpaa ETell-llame.Y TyztSl ee HatSpoja meer paSHHX BpCTa npecryua:

R!haS je noraaao yeTaBHa I saSOHCKa Rspe~elLa 0AHOCUO aasoaoaaaae H.IlSeTH y Cp61jH; oil je norasao CTapO cKynmTHBCKO npaao aapo.ia ; OH je paAlo Ha cynpoT YCTaBHRX B SSROHCI£BX Hape~elLa y 8AM.lfHHcTaD;Rju; HCTO je TaKO Bpe~ao a8ROHCRe HapeA6e, OAHOCHO cYAcRe Bolt ':'fB; Hllje aomronao aasoae, ROjB yjaM1JaBsjy .IlB1JHY CIII'YPBOCT, u C.I106UAY rpal)aHS. HajsaA, OH je raSHO sasoae, soja oeBrypSBsjy eoneraeaoer •

AOKasH sa CBaRY KPIBBD;Y 6exy aRTa, IS paSHBX spxasa BAI ClBe.n,01JtSe, Doje.n,BBHX .Il1D;a, a enoaeay ee B BaROHH, npOTBBY Rojn ey OBe RpBB~e Y'IB!heHe. ') Illro ee Bame 'lBTame OBa Ty&6a, . TO ese BBme pacrajame ponor II oropseae HapOAHHX nOM8HHsa. Ha noqeeTa sanlTSHBalLa 6eeeAHBlta: je.llB TaRO 6pahO ~ « cKynmTBHa Henpeeraao OArOBopame: "Taso je ese! TaRO.« HanOClJleTRY HeKB 0.0. nOClJlSHIK8 DOBBKame. "lls soje CBellY TOMe RpBB ~. H KaA Bapao-. naD; CSM nOBBsa: "KO je KpHB sa TO.« Ii OAMax caM OArOBopHO: "ja IIHC.IlHII 6pahO, Aa je ooellY TOMe RpBB SILSS mTO HapoA naTH,« - TaAa I D;e.l1a csynmTHHs nOSBlIe Y raae; "OH je RpBB, OH.« IlpeaeeAHBR TpHnYTs DITsme csynmTlfHY: "BMBTe.llB eBB ,lJ,a je OH RPBB,« H eaa TpB nYTa D;e.l1s cRynmTHHa C HsjBeholl BOOM oarosops. "MH eBB Be.llBIiO ,lJ,S je OH SpHB.« TaAa MBms AHseTacBjeBBh TpBDyTa aanars: "XOheIlO.l1B TO AS Tpnu.o H ,lJ,aJLe~" HR mTS ena TpB nYTS .0.061 O,lJ,rOBOp: "He hellO!" TaA rOBopHIK BaDHTa: "ill TS HaM. Tpe6s ea,lJ, pS,IJ,lTB ~ mTa hellO ,lJ,S TpSJltlUlO O,ll, -!hera." "OCTaBRY, OCTaBKY!" 6eme OumTS BIsa... llpeAOOAHBK YCTsBml saSBOHI B rpa DYTS sanara: "jecllo JIB CBB sa OCTSBKY." llOClJlSHBD;B YCTSB HS aore noBB1JY: "OCTSBSY, oeTaBRY, OCT8BRY! He hellO ra Blme." Mlma AuaeTscljeBHh OtSpSTII ee ceRpeTspBlls C peua: "rOcno,ll,o cesperapa! SSBe,ll,HTe y npOTOKO.l1 0A.llYRY C&ynmTIHe, ,lI,a ee 0.0. RILaS8 BmTe 0- CTaSKS; aaaamere B CallY OCT8BRY, ROjy heMO My nOC.I18TB Aa je nOAname, a HsnBmlITe II SRT ROjHll he ee OCTaBRa enposeera RILSSY."

ART csynmTlIHe, SOjB je jom paoje enpeasea, B HS R!hasa ynyheH r.llaCHO je:

') BSAn Pycsjy H Cp6ujy KlLHry II. CTp. 647-658.

74

"HapOJl.Ha oRynmTBHa y BIle napOJl.a epnesor y Jl.aHamlLeM sa-· CeJl.aHBjy OBOMe BsjaBB.Ila je jeJl.HOrJlaCHO :ate.ILY eaera HapOJl.a epdesor, ,11;11. BB Jl.aTe OOTaBRY Ba Jl.OCTojaHcTBo RIMsa epdcaor, B Jl.a BJiaCT CBOjy npe,ll,aTe BapOJl.Hoj cRynmTHBB. HapOJl.Ha cRynmTBH& mase BaM Jl.enYTau.Rjy jeJl.HY BS Cpe,ll,BHe esoje, B npeJl.aje joj aRT, Jl.a ra samo] CBeTJlOCTIJ npeJl.a sajeJl.HO 00. OOTaBROll, ROjy aessaama CBeTJlOCT BSBOAB nOTnBCaTB. Haponaa . ee cRynmTBHa BaJl.a, ,lI,a Le Bama CBeTJlOCT YBazBTB OBa.j raac BapoAa caor B sa .lLy6aB cpehe, MBpa B euosojema OTeqeCTBa Hamer, D Bamer, eaojeaozao ce oJl.peLH BJlaAe, no. sao mTO BaM je 1842. rO,ll,RHe, cRynmTBBa BapOAHa BJlaAY npeAaJIa, TaRO ,11,11. je B BB caJl.a

CBeTJlII RIL3Ze cRynmTBBH, II xpes lLy HapoJl.Y nOBpaTIITe." _

OOTaBRs RlLs:ateBa 611J1a je OBaRO aanaeana: ,,:&0.0 mTO lIB je HapO,ll, epnesa Bs6paBmB Me so. esora RlLasa 1842. rO,ll,ne, BJiMT II ,ll,OCTojaHcTBo RlLaJReBCRO nosepao: TaltO ja ca,ll,a Ba eaeoumre saxreasae lLerOBO npe,ll,ajeM ,lI,aHaC aspoaao] CBeTo-AH,II,pejeBcRoj cRynmTHHB CBY BJiaCT, II RlLa:ateBCRO AocTojaHcTBo, npocehll- :sapo,ll,y MOM cpeb.y 11 6J1ar0CJ10B 60JltHjB. A CBe Iloje 1JUHOBHIlIte paapemaaaa OJI. aaltJleTB6 noaoaeae MB."

Ca,ll, je Tpe6uo npBcTynBTB Hs60py AenYTau.Hje, Roja he 0,11,BeTH RlLasy 0611. aRTa cKynmTBHoRa II SaXTeBaTH 0,11, lLera OCTaBRY. "HajnpBJlH1JHHje 6u 6uo, BeJiK CTeBlIa MHXajJloBIlb. y CBOjBM 3anHCRUllo, Aa OBY AenYTau.Bjy npe,ll,BOJl,B caM npe,ll,Ce,ll,BBR cRynmTBHe; HO OH ee aarosapsme, All. s60r CPOTCTB3 no shepa co. :&a.pa~op~eBHLeM Be MOJRe JlHu.enpBTB npe,ll, ILBM, HBTB My nOAB~TB aRT a cRynmTBncRa II TpaZBTB OA lLera oCTaBsy; BeL By~ame aeae Jl.a HJl.eM y ROBaR, rosopesa: ,,:&11.,11, ce BpsTum ,ll,aLy TB sa TO ,ll,BCOTa AYKaTa y Hlle 6J1aro,ll,apBOOTB. ,,1) Ha OBO ja npueTHIl, ,11,0. Tpe6a caMoj oRynmTIIBB ,11,11. aaa- 6epe II AenYTau.Bjy B oaora, ROjH Le je np6,ll,BOAHTH. Y OBY ,ll;enYTau.Bjy Bsa6epy ee Jluu.a OA CBlljy napTaja, no j6,ll,aa nOeJIaBHR BS esaser oRpyra Cp6Hje. CTeB1JB MBxajJloBBLy 6H uopyseao Jl.a ,ll,eny-

1) Muma BMaO je 06B'Iaj 'lBHBTU DOR.I10He .J>YAB.a, KaA lIX je samra .0.l1BO.

TaRO OD je aao ETell-DamB npa OMa3RY H3 BeorpaAa sDamy cy.y BOBa~a DOA BRAO. aajlla, re je sa OBe DOB~e lIa'IHIIBO ETeM-uama anopan Ha Boc- 41opy, UR saja. Huje sparao.

75

Ta~Bjy npeABO,ll.B. RaA cRynmTlIua noeaa neeaase Rapa~op~eBBLy ea ZaJIOCUBM sa lLera rJlaCOIll, OHa IISBeCTB 0 eaoae sau,YlJelLY Be callO COBeT, aero B UalJMBBKa sojeaor mTa6a B MeCHor rapHBSOUS. Au tOBeTY OAHMS je AenYTa~Bja: OttynmTHH8 nOCJl8B AenYTa~Hjy KILSSY B COBeTY, Haje ee peaaaaaaaa, BeL je lJeRaJla nOBpaT8R AenyTa~Bje 0,11. KlLaa8. RaA Bsa~e AenyTa~Bjs RpM Rsps~op~eBBLa, caonmra My O,IJ.JlyRy BapO,ll.He cRynmTHHe II npeA3 aRT ea OCTaBROM Aa ra norname. "OH ySMe oBaj SRT, Rao mTO BMB OTeBlJa y CBOjU 3aMCRua, OTBOPB ra a oner 3STBOPB, ns sanllTa: ill Ta xosere DB C8,11. . 0,11.. lIeHe~" "Mu xoLeMo Aa BB nomanere Ty oCTaBRY, jep aaPOA He Le aame AS IIY BII 6Y,ll.eTe seros RILSS, na sa TO Tpe6a Aa nOCJlymare cRynmTIIHY," OAfOBOPHll ja. - "A sora xobere sa RlLass~" ynllTa OH. "06peHoBHLa", OAfoBopn ja" "A.1lH sora 06peHoBIILa," sanBTa oner. "KIhSS3 MBJlOma." "SaBCTa, pexe OH, HeMa npaBII1JHBjer H360pa, OH je 1JOBeR SaCJlyz.aH." !tao Aa IlK HIICMO n03HaBaJlB saeayre RlDasa MHJlOma, H aso AS OR' call He saa, Aa IlH He TplUtBIIO ,11.& ee MBJlom Bs6epe, BeL AS ee BocnOCTaBB HaCJleACTBeBo npaao 06peHOBBLa. "AJl!l BH TO He 1I0z.eTe nOCTBLH," AOAaAe OU. "HellojTe ceo BB 0 TOile 6PBHJTII, roenoaapy, nocTIILII Lello, aRO Bor Aa," oaroBOpllll js, "Ja SHaM. pese OH, Aa BB TO xokere ; aJlB BB He SBaTe AS je BeL CBe peneao II HuemTeHO: R&jM&RaMll cy BeL nOCTaBJLeHB, B BepyjTe liB, Aa BB HllmTa He MOz.eTe yllBHBTB aa ROPHCT OtSpeHO-. BBLa; APyrll Le AoLH HS MeCTO ILHX." Ha OBe pesa ja oAroBopHll :

"BYAyLB ee caAa. aeo HapoA C3fJlaCBO B O,ll.BaZIIO,ll.a AosoBe OdpeaoBHLe, TO HeMa re clue ~ OCBM Bora, ROjS Le Tome aa nyT CT&TH. A B BB BBABTe H lJyjeTe, AS je neo HapoA YCTao Ha opyaje , AS ,11.0- CTBrHe CBOjy zeJLY." "Aa BB aasre , oarcaopa OH, sao mTO ja SHaM, mT& je npoTHBy sae CnpeMJLeHO! - Sa nOAnBC OCTaBRe, 1I0JlHM ase Aa npne&aTe ,11.0 y jYTPY; HeRa y ocaM lIaCOBa Aoqe r. OTeBlJa, OHa Le 6ITB rOTOBa.." AJlH ~eJls AenYT~Bjs nOBBlJe: ".OaA! OaA!" Ha OBO OR paesousa 8JLIIHe Da npCBMa B nOBBlIe: "ERO y6BTe Me, aRO Be LeTe npB1JeRaTH ,11.0 y jYTPY." Ja oaronopaa: "ARO crsap AOqe ,11.0 y6BjalLa, OHAa Le ee paAHTB APy&qHje, HO liB z.eJlHMO Aa ee CBe eBpmB IIpSU nYTell; B MB ee saAallo, Aa ee B BH ae LeTe CUO.II HaIleTaTH 1

76

KaJl, aae HapoJl, He L.e BBme. (l OH oner pese: "Ja try rrOJl,rrlleaTB OCTaBKY, II oyrpa L.y Ball je rrpeJl,aTB y ocall qaCOBa.« ..... Y Bpelle oaor pascoBopa Y.4eTII Ha BpaTa RHerlllLa Ilepeaaa II nose BBRaTII. Ho A.iIe&OaHJI,ap je npeJl,ycpeTHe Ha BpaTBMa, B eTaHe je rypau HaTpar; HO OHa 00 OJl,yrrBpame; OH je C IIYROII Bsrypa B aaraopae spara 06pBe ee

R Halla peua: "CYTpa y OcaM qaCOBa OCTaBRa L.e 6BTH rOTOBa; Jl,OT.4e I ja Bac 1I0JlBM Jl,a npaxeesre. (l "Mozello .411 ee OMOHIITB as Bamy pes, " yrrBTall [a, "BepyjTe MB r, CTeBlIa," OArOBopH OB, B J:H ee TBIle S3- Jl,OBOJl,DO." - AerrYTan;Bja ee Ham.4a rrpBHy~eBa npBCTaTB Ha HeOJl,eTYlIHe 1I0.46e RlLasa; a.4B KaA ey tIOlle.411 IIS.II.aSHTlI aa eaae , CTaIeBROBBL.y ~eme Bp.ll.OTemKO Ha cpn;y, mTO nopyRy eRynmTIlHe He BCrrYHome, Hero ee BpaL.ajy y cRynmTIIRy C npa3RHII pyRua. OH CTaBe 1l0.ll.BTII APyroBe Aa ee spsre BaT par , aAB IlHOrB cy BeL. 6B.411 Ha y ABn;B,

re 1l0paAe B OR BL.B sa ILHMa. I) Ho 6B.II.O TO KaRO Ily Aparo, &aA ee Jl,etIYTan;lIja BpaTH y cKynmTBBY, CTeBlIa MBxaj.40BBL. jaBII, Aa KlLas Be 1I0ze AaTB OCTaBRe AO y jyrpy, a aa TO Aa je npBCTa.4a B ,lI,erry- I Tan;Bja. Sa TBII Ao~e AenYTan;Hja, Roja : je Bm.4a y COBeT, C B3BemTa[ea, Aa cy eOBeTHIln;1I npBMH.IlII a&T, ROjll je ILBMa eRynmTHBa nOM&.I1a,

B Aa ee OBII He npOTBBe ZeJl,B HapoAHoj. OAMax sa OBOIl AerrYTan;Bjoll

B CaM eOBeT nomse BapoAHoj eRyrrmTBHB, CBOjy AenYTan;Bjy, Y KOjOj

cy 6B.IIII: ByuL., raja JepeuL., B PaRRO MaTeBL., ea nBTIlLell as RaRBBX je yspORa cRynmuRa TpaZB.IIa OCTaBKY OA RlLasa. ffina je OArOBopeHO, Aa je CBBMa nOSHaTO samTO ee OCTaBKa rpaaa, a aRO

je HY,ilmo, cRynmTIIRa aose nOC.llaTIl eOBeTY neo enHcaR s.IloynoTpe6a RajBHme B.IlaCTB. COBeTRBn;B OAY, II cRyrrmTIIRa ee paslI~e y ABa. B no saea, no nOARe.

Me~y TBM RlLas 1I0SOBe & ce6B CBe &OH3Y.lle, II 06paTB 00 sa easer TypCKOM soaeeapy, Ka6Y.ll-E41eHABjB B 6eorpaACROM. namll 00- MaRy. OH rrpHnOBeAII ROHSY.llIIIl& mTa 00 s611.40 Tora AaBa,' II noanre caners OA ILBX, mTa L.e Aa PRAH, jep OH pallYHa, Aaje cRynmTBB& rrpeKOpaqll.lla rpaHHD;e saROHa. KOHSY.4B OAl'OBOpe, Aa L.e OHB BSBeCl'HTII 0 TOMe eaoje B.4aAe, aJIB cy y TOj CTBapB 6B.4e HaA.lleZHe cy~:Ije, COBeTHHD;H B MIIHBCTPII KlLaJlteBII. nOpTBH KOIleCap B nallIa

I) BaAa: 'IIJRUBOT ABAPuje CT8.lleBJr,OBna" oTP. 35.

77

T3&0\e Be ,II.aAome Kaasy BHKaRBa COBeTa, aero odeL.ame,ll.a L.e noTpaJK..BTB ynyTcTBo, Te.llerpa4lcRuM nYTeM, as II;apllrpaAa. Iloeae Tora O,ll.llax ee paaaece raae, I\a Raas B3MepaBa odpaTBTII ee BapoAY II ,lI,a xoke C BOjCltoM Aa 6era y RparyjeBa~. OBOMe ee 1l0r.110 BepOBaTB; so 6eSRapaRTepBOCT Rapa\op\eBuha, soja ee ca CBIIII S6YBII0 0,11. nO,ll.CTpeKaBalLa pOA6uBe B ROUaqapa, 0,11. ORO.llHmeL.Bx O,ll.rOBOpa TypCltHX qBHOBBBRa B erpanax KOBSYJl3, - uBje ,lI,aJl3 HB IlBC.IIHTB Aa Ite ee OAna.lRBTB Da RaRaB rOA OACy Jl.UB sopaa. Ho npa eMil TOil, ~eJla ee sapom 6ejame yspyja.lla, II neaase roaaae H30pYJltaBHX 6eorpa\aBa, o6Ro.llume ROBaK H sa yseme nYT, KOjB BO,ll.H RparyjeB~y. TaAa ee Bo\e RajuRalHlRe naprsje peme, Aa srpa6e y eaoje PYRe TOR eraapa , a Aa dll ycnemBBje _Mor.llB paAIITII HaYMe, npE\lIeeTIITB cRynmTBHY, DS rseaor 06nHor craaa, ROjH je y TaRO onaCHOII ROllmlI.IlyRY duo, ca aacspaoa nyHo~ sojeee, Yo Haj.llenmy TaAa ca.llY 6eorpaAcxe roCTBOHB~e "KOA Opucse KPYBe," Koja je 61Ma DS He\Y KyLe ByqllL.ene, D Mume ABacTacBjeBn:ha, upesa Kyhn: I'apamaaaaa H3 AOMaKY rpaACKBX 6eAella, aanepeaax TypCItDM TonOBDMa. Muma D I'apamasaa, AO\Y Y rOC'fBOHB~y, 11 npRII sao npeACe,ll.HII!t cRynmTIIHe, paaamse 1I0ne BapO,ll.HIJII nOeJlaHDlI,B e noaaaos, Aa ee CBn: cRyne Y HOBOCnpeMJLeHY S3 ILUX srpa,ll,y, Kojy je MDma sa eRaRD HenpeABD\eBB ClJIyqaj Hajno HR TpH seeens, sa 600 AYKaTa jom y HOBeM6py Mecell,Y. nOClJlaHB~II, ROjBX ee BebHa HaJlaSB.II3 y rOMlI.IIaIla aapoaa , cayne ee B rOTOBII cy dUAB ),a no\y Hn nOSRB. Ca ysnameaor pacRpmLa TepasHjcRe y.lJH~e, Roja ee npy&a 0,11. ROHaRa AO rpaAaoH ,11.0 npe\amaer CTaHR cRynmTRHesor , BR,II.e c~ 06a nyTa: Ha aeeao ZHBa Y .IlB~3, Roja BOAH "CpncRoj KPYHU", 611Bmoj y pYRaMa npHCTa.llHD;3 Kajll8Ranje II no,ll, samTIITOIl TYPCXUX roaoaa, a as AeBO y.llH~a, no ROjoj ee cnymTaJlo esynmranCEOII CTaHY, . Ha EOjH cy 611.1111 aanepeaa TonOBH aa saeapae , no,ll, ynpa.BOII po\aEa Rlba.lReBUX. Ha AeeHoj CTpaHU deme MHoro CBeTa, a aa AeBoj He 6eme HIIEora; TaMO 6eme . nOTnYHa CHrypBOCT, a OBaMO OqeBH,lI,B3 onaeaoer. rOMIIAa cRynmTHHcKHX nOClJlaHBRa BeL. rOTOBa 6eme Aa ee speae TepasBjcRoM yAH~OM aa aeeao , Ra,ll, AHAPDja CTaMeBRoBHL., jom jeABaKo YSBeupeB HeycnemHIIM nperoaopass e Kaasoll, OABOjH ee H oapere HR .IleBO. ffiellY nOBllqy: "RyL.em 'raBIO~" a OB onronopa:

78

"Ha oRyumTBuy, rAe je ORa B ,11.0 oaA 6HJla. (( "OB&IIO je oaA esynmUBa, «rOBOp~xy My nORasyjyh PYROM Ba AeOBO; OB OArOBopB 08MO:

"Ja. BOJlBM 61TB I nOA CTpaXOIl 0,11. opnORBX, BO nOA samTBTOM 0,11. TYPCRBX TOUOBa. II ja xoLy OBAe, OA8RJle Le BapOA Aa pemsaa," na Baze Aa.ILe. I) T8Aa ee OBa OBa. rOMBJla yuyu sa ILBM, a OCT3JlHIl noOJlaBBn;BMa 6Bme nOOJlaBB If>YAII, Aa [sae Aa Le ee oaeTaBn;B eRynmTBHORB APzaTB Ba oTapoll lleeTy. 3a UOOJlaRBn;HKa yuyu ee B uapoA. BeL ee 6eme noseo BaTaTB BeqeplLB cyllpaR, RaA ee nOMa.HHI\B BapoAILB H6Rynme y ABopaBB, a aa ABopBmTY B 06JlB&ILHM. yJlBn;ua BORynUJlB ee 6exy H&OpyzaHB Beorpehaaa. 3a6p:OHYTO nOrJleAaxy Bo~e JlB6epaaae napTajtl Ha eJ18,60 OeBeTlf>eBY ABopauy osynmTBHcRor oaeT8HRa, Ha paSHOJlBRY rOIlHJlY nOCJlaHBlta C n;pneHHM wecoBBMa, ea ejaju. epe6pBBM nBmTO.ILBMa sa nojaeoM B ea eTerRYTBM nOA nasyxoll ca6lf>ua y nOSJlaileRBIi RaHHjan; sa6pBBYTO 1l0rJleAaxy B Ba 06JlB3£lLe YJlIln;e, Roje nORpBBame BelIeplLB eyMpaR, B soje 6exy npenyae BapOA8, OS.LeBor paSBOBpCBBIl opyzje.. Ty je aopao AoLB B Mmna ABacTaoBjeBBL., sor je Ha TO OSJlOBIIO rapamaBHH. OB OTBOPH oBaj BaBpeABB caCTRBaR. Omosae ee npenapaa 0 TOile, mTa Tpe6a Aa paAII cRynmTBBa upesa pasaeeeaoa rAaey 0 aaaepa Rapa~op~eBzL.a Aa 6era y Rparyjesan, II peme, Aa jom jeAHoM nORymajy nYTe. nperosopa. OApeAB ee AenYTan;:oja., B oAe Y oOBeT, ROjH ce 6uo csynao y RlLa3£eBoKoj RaHn;6.IlapBjl, e nUTalLeM, AR ee oOBeTuRD;H OACYABO IIsjacBe, npHoTajy .IlB OHH y9 BapoA, B aRO nplcTajy, oBAa aesa BacTauy ROA RlLas8, Aa OB AO oyTpa aornanre OOTRBRY II npM8 BJlaOT BapoABoj cRynmTBuH. fJ.enYTan;Bja llop.aJla je lIeRaTR OAfoBopa lIBTaBa ABa lIMa .• CaBeT, ,11.0- 6HBmR nHTalLe 0,11. oRynmTlIBe, Ayro ee eaaerosso 0 TOj CTBapB sajeAHo oa nOnijlJBTe.ILU&, ROjR cy nOSBaBU y oe,II.BHn;y. HeItB 0,11. COBeTUHRa, ROjU ey 6BJlI pOA6Rua B y cSJlB&HM oABomajua ca nopOAHn;OM RapaqOp~eBBLa ,2) ea.o cy XOAaJlH DB RaBn;eJl8pBje y ABopaHY D 06paTHO. ABopeRS napTaja, Roja je TaRO fOPAIJ. 6na, saA j~ HIlaJlIJ. aeorpaaalIeny BJlaCT, C8Aa ee paenpmra, H OBaRR je MHMRO ca.m:o 0 oe61. HeRR

I) BHAH: "JKHBoT AU,lI,pHje CTaMeal£oBuh", CTp. 36.

2) Y RIf>HSH cToja • 06peaoBHha" , 80 TO je CHrypuo mTaJflIapCKa .norpemsa, Il p ea o a,

79

cy 6B.I1B sa OACYAue sepe, Aa ee npB6erHe BojeHoj CH.I1B; HO sa TO HBje UMa.l1O enoeooaax If>YAB, soja 6B PyltOBOAB.I1U 60p6y ca HapOAolll. Hajaame 0,11, CBUjy 6uJla je sa oAcYAHe lIepe, Ru.arUlba Ilepeaaa: OHa je aaroaapaaa lIy.llta Aa UAe y RparyjeBan;, npeMAa je OBO 6erCTBO 6B.I10 rOTOBO HeMorYhe 0,11. aapona, ROju: ce 0AMaX 6eme JJaTBO opy.lltja.

Rapa~op~eBUh R0.l1e6ao ee B HajsaA pema ee, Aa noaoae COBeT~ BKRe B nonesarese, re ,11.8. 1Jyje 0,11. U.UX mra Tpe6a npeAyseTH. COBeT ROjB je Ay.lltaH 6BO, B csynmTuBB AaTB TaRaB oaronop, jaBB ee Ru.a8y. Rapa~op~eBBh je rpaaao nOlIloLB: y CBOju:X COBeTBHlta; HO HeRB 0,11. . U.BX, He easo Aa lIy je HUCY Aa.l1B, Beh cy n.l1amB.I1B Ru.asa ca onacHOeTHlIla, Roje OH aoae HaByLB Ha ce6e, nporaseha ce HapoAHoj BOIf>B. Rapa~op~eBHh He A06B HB OA COBeTHHKa HB nonesaresa HB jeAHe pe1JB, Roja 6B ra YTjemB.I1a. OHB OAY 0,11, Ru.asa y HaliepB, Aa oaronope cRynmTBHcRoj AenYTan;BjB, Aa OBB nOTDYHO npBcTajy aa peneae aapoaae cRynmTBBe, B y BCTO spese Aa eaomare, Aa saaa Be npHllla BBKaRBe COBeTe, B Aa jom uuje nOTIIBcao OCTaBRY.

,lI,OR je eRynmTBUa 01JeRBBa . .I1a oaronop» OA COBeTUBRa B none- 1JBTeIf>3, Rapa~op~eBn;B B npBCTa.l1Bn;e RajMaRaMBje, CTapaJJB cy ee naBeeTU tlRynmTBuy, Aa 06jaBH, Aa je Ru.as S6a1JeH B .I1BmeB BpXOB&e B.I1aeTB. Rapa~op~eBn;B ey OBO paAB.I1B C BaMePOIll, Aa BsasOBY csynmTBBy na OBaRO Rpaju.y .epy, a sa THIll Aa je ORpBBe sa UaeBlf>e B npOTBB aasoae noerynse. RajlllaRun;B oner nan ey APyry Bamepy:

OUB ey MBC.I1B.I1U RaA eRynmTBUa s6an;B Rlbasa, B AOR je jom S6a1JeBB Klbas y ABOPY, Aa YSIlY y eBoje PYRe BPXOBHy BJJaCT npe, Hero mTO ee APyrB Ribas aaadepe, YeTaB06paBBTelf>tlRa napTaja, y ROjOj 6u ee no naAY Rapa~op~eBBha, MOr.l1a eBaKor IIHByT3 nOCTBLB: npe~amu.a Mora, nOAnYCTU y eRynmTHuy Uap01JBTe ·If>YAe, 0,11. eBojn npaera.11 ana. TB If>YAB ycnea BsaSBaTB - BS tlKynmTBBe BeRO.l1BRe nOC.l1aBBKe n.llamB.I1B ey BX, A3 ee Ru.as npOTBBB tlltynmTBBB, B AS 6ajarB B&)lepaBa ynoTpe6B'fB BojeRY, na cy BX BarOBapaJJB, Aa BSBB1JY y CRynmTUBB Aa je oa S6a1JeB. OnaRY ey MBeao paenpoerapaaa Me~y ro)lBAUa Baopy.lltaHor HapoAa, ROjB je 1JYBao eRynmTBHY, y C.I1y1Jajy Ra,lI. 6B OBa nOA6aAau.a Bll3.11a yenex, Mor.l1S ey npoBsaLB ABojaRa MeAeTBa: eRynmTBBs B.I1lI De 6B yelIe.I1a AS AODetle BBRaEBe oA.I1yse DB 0

80

BOBOM li.H.asy BH npanpeseaoj B.Ila,ll,lI, B Ta.,lI,a 6H COBeT jom BOTe Besepa, caCTaBBO B.I1a,ll,y, RaRBY 6B xreo ByqBL; I'apamaaaa, B MHma. ABacTaeHjeBBL, C ROjOM 6B ee cyTpa ,lI,aB cKynmTBBa MOpa.l1a BSMBPHTR, aao 611 Ze.l1H.I1& ,lI,& Bs6erBe BOBe cBa~e H BOBe onaClBOCTB; B.I1B aRO 6B cKynmTHHa, 06jaBB.IIa AR jeRap&~Op~eBHL S6aqeH, nIL npOrJIILCHJIa BOBor saaa ana CBOj npHJlH~B 06peBOBHL&, B OJl,Ma caCTaBHJI:t nl)BBpeMeBY BJI&AY, oBAa 6B TO BPHUY,II,B'JlO 06a ,ll,eJla, YCTILBo-6paBB.II.allite CTpaBRe, Roja cy ,ll,OT.I1e y BeMOSB 6B.II.a Aa ee npeaa cKynmTHBB cje,ll,HBe H eaoae; a KaRO ce CBe BaJIaSHJIO y pys.aMa OBHX naprsja, a na.ll.H cy npe,ll, CO- 60M ~eJIy BoL ,ll,a y,ll,ece aasaa CBora pa,ll,R, TO 6H OBe MOr.ll.H cyTpa ,ll,aB pacnYCTHTH cRynmTHHY, paCTepaTH Bo~e Bap0,ll,BO-JlB6cpaJIBe napraje, H TaRO ocyjeTHTH ycnex 06peBOBBha. EBO sa mTO ey Bo~e cje,ll,Baeaax .ll.H6epaJIa, H npBBpzeUHD;H 06peBOBHha, nOXBTa.l1H ,ll,a 06YCTILBe TaRaB ROpILR y cRynmTHHH; a KaRo ey HMa.ll.H y 1L0j saoro CBOjHX jeABOMHMeBHKa, TO cy H yeneaa. Ra,ll, ee BpaTH ,lI,enYTaD;Hja, ea O,ll,rOBOpOM KS COBeTa, asaeacee Y npOTOROJI lLeB BSBemTaj, HSaRJ.LYllB ee eaeraaaa C TUM, ,ll,a ee ,11,0 cyrpa lIeKa KILaZeBa OCTaBKa, a y CJ1Yllajy Ka,II, OB Be 6H ,lI,ILO OCTaBRY, ,lI,a npe,ll,YSMe APyre sepe,

Baao je 01£0 ocaM lIaCOBa, Ka,ll, cy ee cRynmTBBapB nOlle.ll.B paSHJlaSHTB. Ho TeR mTO je npe,ll,ce,II,BBR ea nOCJlaBBD;BM.a nORaSILO ee npea cRynmTKHoII, BapoA nOBBlIe HS rOMHJIe: "BeMOjTe BSB.I1aSBTB aanose! Be hellO sae nYCTBTB, AOR Be CBpmBTe BapO,ll,By eTBILp." HeRB' noCJ1aHHD;H uosenre ee HBaTHTB C BO~aMa eBeTIBe, BO ILHX BHltO HlJje xreo ,ll,a lJyje, H eaao ee lJY.ll.a BHRa: "He nymTajMO." ll.ll.aHoBB cRynmTHHe spare ee y ABopaHy. MHma ABacTacBjeBHh [ana, ,ll,a je BaopyzaH BapO,ll, OltPYZHO CltynmTBBY, ca CBBX erpsaa; ae aa BHROlle KsalIK. H BBlIe: BeAaMO oKynm'fBHH paSHhB: ce : ",11,01£ Be cnpma OTBap." eBB aspoaaa nOC.II.aBHD;B, BeSB&jyh mTa ,ll,a paae , csyne co ORO OTOJIa npeaceaaaaoaa. BO~H HapO,ll,BO-JIH6epaJIBe. napTaje cere ee, ,11,11 H.JlXOBK_ ,ll,pyroBB, 1£OjB oy 6H.IlB Ma~y BapO,ll,OM B PYROBO,ll,HJIB ra, BHCY YBII~aJlH saMKY, Roja HM je 6alJeBa., jep OHH Be easo ,ll,a' BHCY O,ll,BpahaJIB BapO,ll" Beh cy ra jom nO,ll,6a,ll,aJIB, ,ll,a Be ,ll,1L cRynmTBHH PILSBhB ee, ,ll,0K. He o6jaBB, Aa je Kapa~op~eBBh S6alJeB, jep TaRaB cy SBalJaj HM.a.ll.6 pesa: ",II,OR He CBpmH Bapo,ll,BY OTBap. ft. TaAa noeae IlBHYTBor soae-

81

()alLa HSa~e aa AORCST cRynmTHBcRor AOMa Jespea rpYHL. OB usjnpe HsaSOBe OBe npHjaTe.4>e H APyroBe esoje, ROjH cy ~HJlH ca uapoAoll sao: PSRKa AJlHllnHhS, JOBSRS BeJIH-MspROBHhS, JOBaBa AUHTpHjeBBha, CTeBSus 'RHPBhS, Bscy MaqspeBHha, CTeBsua' Ayuhs, H APyre soju cy ~HJIH 06.11I1&e. OR HII Y RpaTSO 06jscUH npaao CTaILe uspoAse CTBSPB, B AS je npeso uy&UO OCTSBBTB ese ,11,0 eyTps, s60r Tora SSIlOJIB ' ,ll,a ee aponyere 1JJIaROBB cRynmTBue. RSA cy caCJlymaJlH rpYBha, OUII YCBoje rseroao . 1IBmJIeILe B pasB~Y ee no rOMB.IIH HapOAa, AS ra CTHmajy; a CaM. rpYBh O~pSTB ee RapoAY e pe1Jn: OB sanBTa uajnpe:

"Bpaho! BBSTe.llB BB RO CaM ja, B'1IITa hY Aa BU RszeMi" B ae 1JeRajyLH Ra OArOBOp npoAyaB: "Ja CaM BMeUOM JeBpeM rpYBh, no &e.4>. Taj BeTB, ROjB je es BaMa ssjeAuo ~Hpao ~eorpsACRe nOMSUHRe, no SBalDY eesperap. cRynmTBRe." nBUaMOTe CBB, rosopa!" nOBH1Je aapoa. rpYBh ynRTa: nHMaTe JIB noeepesa y Meuei Bepyjere JIB, AS XOhY TO HeTO mTO B BB." n Bepyjello, BepyjeMO!" nOBH1JY ca CBBX erpsae. n I'oBOpB CJ10~OAUO." CSA rpYBh OAn01JUe CBOjy pe1J:',}HapoAuoj cRynmTBuB uBje npOTBBUO, mTO CTe ee BB cRynB.IIH ORO IDe raso BaopyaaHB. Ha npoTI[B lLoj je Bp.110 MB.IIO BBAHTB BSC ORO ce6e y TSROM 6pojy, B TaRoj MOSB, r,ll,e 1JeRaTe AS ce cBpmB uapoAus emap. AJiH 1l0.llHll ase nOMHMBTe, EO saceAsBa Y OBOj Ryltd - BS~pSBH~B ~eJIor aapOAa, nOMauH~B, Roje je ~eJIa Cp6BjS nOMSJlS y Beorpaa. IIa ssp THII .4>YAMS HeAaTe npoLHi ssp BB xohere, AS uenpujaTeJLB jom BOhac o6epy ABa nJloAa; Aa paaraaee no uapOAY, Aa cy Beorps~auB O~Ce.llH uapOAUY cRynmTBuy; a. naa Cp~Bje Aa pasraaee , Aa epnCRa. cRynmTBua uuje CJl060AUa, B TaRO Aa BSC ua je,D,sunYT ORJIeBeTsjy npeA uapOAOM B OCTpaMOTe npeA OCTa.llHll npOCBeheUHM CBeTOM f sap BB YMeCTO Aa CJlymaTe uapoAuy cRynmTHuy B nosaaere joj, BB xoaere Aa je yrlDeTaBaTei Beorps~ami 1JyjTe AO~PO! Cve mTO OTe BB ,l\ooaAs PS,II,BJIB, 'ene je ~H.IIO My,ll,pO B POAO""Y~BBO; UBOTe Y1JBHB.IIB BBmTS TaRBo, 0,11, 1Jera 6B ee OTBAHTB M.orJlH. Heaojre UB caAB PSABTB TO, mTO ~B MOr.110 uaBYhH &JIeBeTY ua npeCTO.lluB~y. OCJlOHHTO ee BS M.YAPOC csynmTBue, Roja PSAH no nOSUSTOM. B nOYSAaBoM nJIauy. He oCTsMlajTe csynmTBHy, aJlH UeM.ojTe joj BB ClleTSTB; OCTaUBTe, na 6YABTe CB8S8A8 rOTOBH Aa joj 1l0ZeTe, SBaUB B ueSBaUB, nOMohB Ra,ll,

C ... lA .oeD ...... e ... u.

6

82

6YAe lloTpe6a B CllY'laj. HellOjTe lIlHMBTH, AI he BapoABB npeAcTaBHB~H nOl£aSaT.1I KalLe OABaatBOCTB naTpBOTDSI&, aero BII, l£aA aeersae apeae Aa ee pema Be.l1BRa BapOABa CTBSp. A caA oraopre nyT noCllaBH~n:a Aa npo~y Cll060ABO." - OTBOpTe npoasa cRynmTBBapBMa," nOBB'IY .ILYAH, 1£0jB cy YlIpaB..I.a.l1H BapOAOM, a sa ILHMa ess rO!lH.I1a. Hspoa ee pasl£.I1oBH, II B8POABII nOMaBBD;1I npo~y 1 a. sa ILlIla CBa rO.HJ1a HlopyaaHa BapOJl,a, ynyT! ee lIa ,ll,Bopel£Y Y.l1I1I\Y, 1',11.11 je ee HIPOA AaBBo BeL. cl£ynHo II OIIRO.l1BO ROHal£.

Taj nosper HapOAHa Baje 6HO Bel. TajHa y ABOpy. 3a6YHa I£IL&3a, 6eme y BajBehoj sepa, H OH nonsamea OlIaCBOCTlllla, I£oje lIy npeaCTaB..I.ame I'spsmaaaa, 81£0 ee YSIIPOTHBH, Hel£asyjyL.o: HHmTa CBOjoj aeBD, ceABe y 1£0.11& I'aparaaaaaoss B saje,ll,HO C ILH. IIpoRpaAe ee y rpa,ll., rAe ra npHMe llama B 1£0J:eeap Ilopraa. KaA ee l£ypTa.l1l1cao Ha oBaj HaUB Rapa~Op~eBBha, I'apemeaaa oAe Aa ee ,AOrOBapa C MIImOl: ABacTaclIjeBHheM, II lJ.I1aBOBIIMa eonera, 1£0jB cy npllna,lla.l111 1L1IXOBOj napTajH. Ty ee AoroBope, Aa MHma cyTpa npeA.I103t1l cI£YlImTIIBII·, Aa OBa nporaaca, Rapa~op~eBllh S6a'leBHJl C upeeroaa, nO'le. je OOTaBIIO CBOj BapoA; a I£&A ee TO BSBpmll, Aa COBeT nomse ol£ynmTHBH AenYTaD;Hjy, I£oja he ee C 1L01: AorOBopHTII 0 nocTaB.lLelLY npaspeaeae B.I18,l1.6, soja 611 ee caCTaBH.I1a 0,11. .I111D;a, mTO cy Beh oApe~eBa CY.l1TaBCRlf)[ 41epMaHolI, a OBa .I111~a clIopaaYMeJla 6H ee noeae ca COBeTO. 0 A8- )Lell paAY. YaH Rpyr BapOAHO-.II116epa..l1He napTaje, Tal£o~e OAJla AOSBa 0 6erCTBY Rapa~opheBHha. Ihllx IISBeCTe Beorpaseaa, I£Ojll cy CTpa&8pll.llH, no paaBill: I£pajeBHIla saponra. JlB6epa.llD;1I OAI& ee AOroaope mTa eyrpa Aa paae, OBB cy Beh SHa.llB Aa he MHIDa npeaaoZHTH Aa ee saaa, ROjll je noderao .IIBmH I£lLaaeBCl£or AooTojaHcTBa.; 3HajYhH TO, ORB cy ee Cnpel:H.IIII, Aa aaspae naaa, 1£0jll cy caCTaBB.IIH jom aa npBOI: cRyny CBOM, T. j. Aa cRynmTBBa npB.IlB BpXOBHy B.IIaCTB, Aa ee MD:.IIom npor.llaclI sa saaaa, Aa ee OCTaBe Ha cBojn nCTlI1I3 eBII MBHBCTPH, 0 COBeTY ,11.& ee npehYTH, CTeBlJ3 MDxaj.lloBDh Aa ee nOCT8BB 38 BpXOBHor sanOBeABlIH8 cTajahe BojcRe B ynpaae B. Beorpa,ll.3, & nOllOhHlID;1I Aa 6YAY PaBRO A.IIIIIlIIJJh, B JOBaH Be.llll-Mapl£oBlIh. Hel£O.llBI£O ..I.YAB BS maper spyra, I)npue BD. ce6e raj noeso A8 II0Te

I) PaHRO AAlumm., JOBaa BeJlH-Mapl£oBuL., -PU.I1lIU CTaHKOBuL., CTeBa 11yuL, JOBaH ,iJ,1DIH'rpHjeBxL, Baca Mal,JapeBm., CTeBaa 'RxpuL., MHpso

88

BOhlt ynosua,ll,y, sora Tpe6a o,ll, oRynmTJluapa 0& npe,ll,yseTBII.n.l1aBOII, a.llI y BeTO speae, ,lI,a ee CT&P&jy caRplTH oTBap O,ll, R8.jUR&1I0RO napTaje. rpYHh~cnpOIlB npORJIallal\Bjy 0 s6alJeILY Rapa~op~eBBLa, B BoonooTaBJlOll>Y 06peBoBBha, H ysaa, ROjH.Il ee nOOTaBJLajy BOBH BalJMBHl\B, MB.I1&B JaBKOBUh, npenume npORJIaMal\ujy y OO,ll,U ROMa,ll,a, sa lJeUpB 1lBBHOTpa, COBOT, ynpaBBTeJLa BojoRe, H ynplBHTeJLa BapomH, ~ yns y TpH RonAa - ,lI,Ba sa 11&.11.0 lJao cnOlleBYTa BaAJJ.eJUTeJLOTBa, a je,ll,aB 3a IIHBIOTapCTBO YUYTpamll>BX ,lI,M8. TaRO BOTO ,lI,orOBope co, Aa OBBa IIp OTB h, 0,ll,1I& UII 6YA6 06jaBJLeBO ,lI,& je RlLas S6alJeB, npe,ll,AO.lU cRynmTHuB CBe OBO, inTO jo y npORJI&llal\BjB H YRas, & RaA lI>erOBH npeA.I1.0SH 6YAY npHIIJLOBH, 0,11,11& Aa 00 OBa lETa pasmaJLY EYA& 'l'pe6a, npe, Hero 6B YCT8.11.& npOTBBBa napTsja, lIa mT& AI YUUK • .lbYAI, ROjB cY IlHC.I1I1.11H Aa 00 Rapa~opl,eBI\II B R8.j1lI8R81l1\11 .ory ~jOAHBHTB H npHcTynllTB RIRBHII OAOYABHII .opua , BKOY CnaBI.IlI ~eJly BOh, 60jeLu eo Aa OBe napTaje BecaOTaBe jom AO sope npaape.euy B.Ila,ll,Y. Ho Raj.ui.Ra.~H ey ee oTpOrOnpK,lI,pZaB3.IlB 06H1JHBX S& IbBX 41opMa.IlBToTa u npeaapeaa npo~amlLulI ORJJ.OBaILOII BlP0,ll,BO-.Il16epasse napTaje, y nBTalLY 0 s6slJeILY Rlbssa, UHOY ee B8.AIJJ.B ,lI,& he Ta uapTaja TaltO 6pso H TaRO o,ll,oy,ll,uo nploTynBTB ,lI,a pemB Ty OTBap.

Y lJOTBpTaR, 11. AORe1l6pa, OBeT.I10 SllllLe jYTPO SaTeR.I1.() je ABO paa 6es RR>aSa, ltaeapue nyae BojoRe 110,11, opyzjeJ:, yJJ.H~e 10TO TaRO nyse opyzaBor BapoAa. Y OOBeTY 6ejaxy ee oaRynHJlH OBH lJ.I1aBOBI !LerOBD H 1I0IIe1JBTeJLD, lJeRajyh Ty BSBemTaja 0,11, oRynmTBBe, AI.I1.B je OBa YOBojH.I1.a npeaaor, ROjD joj je 1I0pao 1I0ABeTil Mama AUloTaoBjeBKh, na nomro ,lI,06Kjy TaRaB BSBemTaj, OnpeMa.l1.H oy ee ,lI,& OAIl&X "npe,ll,ysMy ,lI,pZaBuy ynpaBy. CRynmTBua ee OTBOPB y 9 lJaoola. Ilonro

. ee npoxara npOTORO.l1. npomaor oaOTaBKa, MHxaj.l1o Bap.l1oB&l\ D Cna llPOTHh, npHlleTe,ll,a je nponymTeuo y DSBemTajy APyre ,lI,6nYTIl\lje, Roja je RO,ll, slusa HmJJ.a, OTaBHTK, ,1I,a oy OOBeTU~B 6H.I1H ROA RlLasa H OK.llalLaJJ.B ra ,lI,a nO,ll,nHme OCTaBRY, a RlLas je OArOBopDO, Aa he npe y.peTD, aero nO,ll,nHOaTD OOTaBRY. Ca,ll, YOTaue npeAooAuIR H jaBH, Aa

BaEILIlUU" Ilerap r0.l1y6oBHL., 'Bop~e HUEO.l1Ut.., IIru.aT BacDL., DpOTa .I103UH'I&U, IIaB.l1e BamB.a.l141uL. U lIuoru APyrU.

84

KlLas Blje oApaao odeiaalLe, AaTO cKynmTBBB, Aa be joj ,11,0 cyTpa 0,11,rOBoplTB Ba sea 3aneD, B CUByTB ca cede B.IlaOT, Hero je jom HObae noderao y rpaA, B '!lasu Ha1llHO. BSA80 OBOjy OT8J,IdBHY B BapOA. Ha TO oKynmTBHa OAAyllB nOMaT. HOBYAenYTan1jy y COBeT Aa 00 B3ReCTB rAe je CMa KlLa3, B Aa.llB jc OH AOBOTa B3Aao oTaJ,IdRHY B HapoA. AenYTaD;Rja. AOBeoo BSBemTaj, Aa cy npeA6eAHBK COBeTa B IIBHHCTap yByTpamlLBX Ae.lla nOTBPAB.IlB OHO, mTO je npMceABBK cltynmTBRB jaBBo. O,ll,MaX aa THK CTBrRe altT 0,11, CODaTa, y ROil jaB.La cRynmTBBH, Aa je OH jyqe no ZeJLB lLeHoj Bmao RlLasy, HO OB HBje npaaao aeroaax pnaaora, I AI COBeT Ae.llB zeJLY cRynmTBBe 0 Itapa~op~eBBhy. Ilomro osa] aRT dB npollBTaH, Mlma AHaoTacBjeBBh Odp&TB ee CltynmTBHH ca CBellaHRM U3- r.lleAolI: »Bpabo! mTa Tpeda ,11,& paABIIO ea OBIKBII H3AajHBRO)[ 7 Ja IIBM .. AI ra 3daD;Bllo! « a eBa cRynmTBBa noasxe : "Aa ee 3daD;K! Aa ee Sd&D;B!" Mo& npoAyzB: - »A Ilia .11K H&PO,ll, npaBO.,lI,S SdaD;.B B8,lI,0- erojaor RlLass 7 Ko lIy je ,lI,ao ,lI,OOTojancTBo B B.IlaCT ItlLaZeBcKY, aRO Be B&PO,ll, 7 ARo ra HapO,ll, 1I03oe nOCTaBITI, OHO ra 1I0Jlte B s6aD;uT.B; Be.llRTe .Ill dpsbo B BI CBB TaRO 7" Ha TO CBB oarosope: »BeJ1H1lo: HSpO,ll, ra sose SdaD;HTH; HapO,ll, ,lI,aje, a BapO,ll, H O,ll,YSIIII& BJ1aCT.« Mama no odHlIajy Tpll nyT nOBOBH :nlTalLe 0 sda'lelLY Ita.pa~op~eBILa, B CBa TpB nyTa p&SJ1erSJ1B cy ce no cRynmTRBcKoj ,lI,BopaHB 0,ll,06paBaYhH ySBID;B; B.a Till OB YCTase H BaSHOHBB SBOBneTO)[, o6jaB.B pemeae oRynmTBBcRO OBIII peua: "rOcno,ll,O eesperapa! CTaBUTe y

npOTOKOJ1, ,lI,a je ,lI,aBaC BapOABa CBeTo-aBApejcRa cl£ynmTHBa Y H1I e D;6J10r B&POA& epUCKor SdaD;lIJl& KlLasa' AJ1eKCaB,lI,pa C RlLazeCKor ,lI,0- cTojaHcTBa." CeKpeTspB npaeryne Rao Aa numy. Ba THII HacTynl TBmlHa. Ho OBY npesaae npe,ll,Ce,ll,BBR HODU npeaaoroa: ,lI,1 ee 0 OBOj , O,ll,J1yRB eRynmTBBcRoj BSBeeTB, HJ1B npeso ,lI,enYT8D;Bje H.IlB aanseaeac OCJI&H-n&ma B KadY.llB-e4leH,lI,Bja, a npeso BBHicTP& CnOJ.LamILHX noMOBa, ,lI,a ee jSBB B KOSSY.llBJ:a rapaHTHBX cna. HeRH 0,11, SBaBHlIBBX nOM8HBRa upDeTe, ,lI,a dH 0 TOile Tpe6aJ1o B3BeeTHTB H COBeT, 3 apeeTSBBHRe nOpTBBe Aa Be Tpe6a B3BemTaBaTH aenoepeaao, Beb C8110 npeso IIHHHCTapCTBa. llpe,ll,Ce,ll,H1IR npe,ll,a eeaperapasa 11 OBe O,ll,.IlyRe cRynmTBBe. 3a T1I1l HacTynB oner hYTalLe. TaRa je T1ImBBa B.Ila,ll,a.ll3 • ORO cKynmTBHe. Mor.llo dB ee IIBMHTH, Aa Ha nOJLY aeaa ZHBe ,lI,yme,

8~

A& ee DHje spoa nposope CBeTH.IIO opyaje, C ltojl.M ee 6eme OEHTKO C&ltyn.IL8DH D~pO,ll,. CUO lta,1l,mTO npK6.1lHzaBa.llR'CY ee npoaopsaa .lLYAR, EojR cy ,1I,eJlH.IIH IlHm.llelLe Dap0,B,HO-.IlH6epa.llHe napraje, R mRnYTaJlB Da YBO n03H&THM nOCJl&BB~lla: 11 Xoile .liB OROPO ~« Ma.lio 3a THIl eesperapa AaAY SDaR OUMIJ. CHilli llpOTBhY, B OD RS&~e HI rOBopBH~Y • Iloeae RpaTKor ilYTalLa, Roja y,1l,BOjB onmTY nazlLY R BSBeBR,II,R npe,ll,ceAHBRa, Ilporal, 00 06paTB CltynmTBBB C pellll3, Roje nOTpeoy eae cRynmTBBape. ,,36~IIBmB ElLasa A.IleltCaB,II,pa, II. C.O OCTaBH.Il. se.",y ()es rAaBe. Ja IIBMHIl, 6pailo" ,1I,a Be Tpe6a oueB&TH; Be Iloze 00 OCTaBHTB BapO,1l, 6es raaae, CRynmTBD8., Roja je y Rile DapO,1l,a s6&D;B.II& Itapal,op~BHba, ,ll,YSBa je y .. e BapO,1l,a o,1l,.ax npOrJlaCHTR sa slusa oaors, sora neo Bapo,ll, xoLe. ,lI,al.lle RaZITe C&,1I" dpabO, CBB sora xoLeTe sa RlLasa ~« CBR nOMaB~H CKOlle Da Bore B nOBny:

"MBJlOma 06peDoBHbs! A TO ee 6am B ae.llBJlO! (l HeEl nox.Tajy Te oraope nposope, AOlt ce jom OpBJlO no cRynmT~sH: "XOhe][O MH.Iloma, ZRBBO RILa3 MB.IIom!« a DapoA C y .IlB~e np.xBsT. B Da, CBe CTpaDe saope ee ySBB~II: "MIIJloma! 3tBBRO M.JJ.om!«, ROjB 00 ysBB~lI nODaB.lLaJlB BRme nyTs XB.lLS,1I,SM& rJJ.&COBa. llpe,1l,ce,1l,BBRcRynmTRDe ce~ame y nOlleTRY Rao essaesen. CBllS llpoTBL, np.lIelt&B ,1I,OR ee yuma BBRa, oner CTaBe rOBopITB, Aa R~aZeBClty B.IIaCT Tpeda cRynmTRBa Aa ySIle Ba 006e; I ,11,& je lIyBa ,11,0 ,1I,OJlaCRa RlLasa.MBJJ.oma, a Ra,ll, oBaj ,ll,o~e, Aa je npeAa lLellY, a DKRO. ,1I,pyrOll. CRynmTHBapB '1'0 0,ll,06pe. llVOTBL np0,1l,ya., ,11,& je OltynmTBB. nOTpe6Bo naTH 110- BeRa, Eoj. Le BpmRTH seae asaore, • ROjl dR je lIpao saje,1l,Do C SapO,1l,OIl, na npe,1l,JlOZR, ,1I,a ee nOCTaBB sa Da1Je.llBllt~ BojoRe • ynpaBJlTe.ILa,BapOmll, CTeBlIa, a sa lLerOB6 nOllohHne AJlRllnlLa K BMBMapltoHRila. CsynmToa 0,1l,06PR B Taj npeaaor. TaAR rpy.L ,1I,a llpo .. UhY npolt.llaJ:&~lIjy II YKas ,1I,R npOll.Ta, mTO 6YAe T&Ro\e npHUeso. Me\y TBM rpYBL CT&BB cKynmTRscRB nellaT DR CBe e~eJ:nJlape, ROj. ey sa paBBje 6R.IIB cnpeJ:,1I,eBH, R noaaeee IX sa nO,1l,nRO npe,1l,oe,1l,BRlty B onysolioLeBBM nOAnIOBB~BM& 0,11, CBaKor oRpyr&. Ho M8ma ABaiTacBjeBHL Beil je dHO Aomao R ce6R, B ae zMeh nOAnBC&TB nOARemeBa lIy aKTR, CTaBe rOBopBTR: "BpaLo! mTO ro,1l, pa,ll,llIlO, Tpe6a AS paABMO peAOII; Bajupe Tpe6a Aa caCTaBBIIO aRT 0 36&lIelLY RILlS&,

86

I A3 ra eBI oOAolme!lO; sa T .. Aa eaeTaBno aST, 0 BoeOOCTaBAelbY ElLasa, • lLera Taso\e eBB Aa oOAoRmeIlO; TO I.e 6BTH Haj60.!.e, D& TeR OBAa .ozello BSAaT. DposAan~ajy." TuaB opeAAor, pesac (hI Aa je Bame je.uo sa pemelLa BapOAHe eTB8p., UB je OAY3 .. ao oner Doro BpelleBa, KaA 6. essx 437 csyomuBapa )[opaAH OOAOICIB&TI eBaD aET sa ee6e, • Tne 61 AaBU •• oryLBocT oplBpZeHI~I1l& Kapa\op\eBlLa • OpleTaAa~&Ma EajuRu.je, EOj. ey .llaAR y CBOjO pyKaKa eOBeT, BolcKY, TOA.Ee 1IJIBOBHRRe y C&1loj cRyomTIBI, B y oomTe CBe ROpICT., soje Aaje APzaBBa BAaCT 1 Mora open oomToj ooaeuocu, Aa Ba\y CBa epeCTBa re Aa sa speae CaCTaBRa cEyomTIHesor CopelJe DOTOBC aETa 0 BOCOOCTaBJlelLY 06pCBoBBLa • 06BapoAOBaILY opORJ1all&~uje, oa 61 Tn BalJ.BOII • CaM TpCUYTaR oAymcBAelL& YCOOlleBe 0 MBAomy 1I0rao oCTaTB C&140 sao jeABa ycoo.eBa. Ho npoTIBMOBUT. TOile opeAAory DpeAOOABBKa, Itojl je ISr.l1eAaO ea CBO saROBlT, uje ee BBKO oABazBo, • cEyomTBB& ra opB ••• 'OespeTap., Be ry6elal Bpe.eH8, BaDBmy 06& aRTa, a 8a TBII rpYBL 06jaBB: .Bpalao~ pemelLa Roja ere B. AOBe.llB, roeosa cy," ns oomTO Op01JBTa 06& aETa j6AaB sa APyrBJI, Be lJeRajyLI Aa call opeAeeAHBK saulTa CRyOmuuy, 06paT. ee 1L0j C DBTalLe.: "AltO IX oA06paBaTe, oHAa A& Be 6B YCTaj3JlI ABa oyTa ,paA. OOTDBea, 60.!.e jc AI BX CTaB .. O jeAaB oopeA APyror, oa sajeADo 06a Aa ee OOTOBCyjy." ORyomTBB& oAroBopB: "OA06paBallo!" rpYBL AOAa: "ARO TO oA06plBaTe, OBA& lae re BapaBBO OAo(5PKTI 1 TO. Aa OOyBOlloLCBB oOTOBCB~H Y HCTO Bpelle OOTOIcyjy B opOKJlaMa~Bjy 1 yEas, TeTaso Ltl CBC 6pze 6.TH CBpmeDO. « OEyomTlBapa oarcsope: "Hen OOTo.Cyjy, TaRO je 60 ... e." rpYBla OOABeee eBa aETa MIU ABacTacljeBBLy Aa BX OH OpBI OOTOlme, DO OB Be XTe, rOBopeLB: ",IToAajTe APyrBlla BeEa ee oOTOR~yjy, a ja Ly DOMe. « TaAa CCRpeTapB CTaBe 06& aRTa sajeABo H& CTO, • OOSOBY OOCAaBBEe Aa BX oOTolmy. BojelaB ee AaJber OA.I1aralL& B Be lJeujyb AOS ee CBB OOCJlaBB~. OOTo.my, rpYBL 06paTlI ee CEyomUB. C ODD opeAAorOIl: "Bpalao! Buje oa.erBO OCTaB.!.aTB TOABU BapoA y BeCrpUJlelLY B y Be.8BeCBOCTB; Tpe6a OA1l&X OrJ1aC.TB jaBHo OpeA lL .. a B o6BapoAoBaTB mTa je oA.llyu.Ila CRyumTBB8, re Aa OBB OB sHaAY Ba lJellY CliO. A TO ee 1I0&e JlaRO YUB.TIl, aso oA06p.Te

87

Jl,a. ee ea Jl,OReaTa Dp01lBTa npORJlall&l\Bja H YKas, Jl,OK eltymnTBaa nOTDHeyje OBa aRTa." CKYDmTHaa OJl,rOBopH: "OJl,06paB3110!" npeAJ10ae MRmH Jl,a HS&~e npez, aapoJl, C aCROJlHKO cRynmTHHapa II CCSpCTapH1l.a., BO oa Be XTeAHe. TaJl,a oeTaBHB aese OJl, CBOjBX Jl,pyrOB& Aa aaae sa DOTnHCOII aRTa, CTCB'Ia MBxaj.lloBHh ea BeRHM DOCJlaHHI\Ua napoaaoJlH()CpaJlBC DapTajc B 06pea9BBheBal\a sajeJl,HO C rpyjRbeM, Bsa~e aa Jl,OReaT, II RIA aapoJl, npeeraae BRRaTH: ,,3£1IBRO MHJlom O()peaOBlIb!" rpY1Ih nosaae npOK.Ilaltal\Hjy, 06phyhH je aa CBe erpaae B D01£RSyjyhH Ba cKynmTHBcSH nellaT, sao sHas saSOHHTOCTH, a sa THM ynHTa:

"BHAIITe .IlH H nosHajeTe-.IlH oBaj sBaunaH aRT H SltROHUY npos.Ila- , J:&l\Hjy aapoaae csynmTBHe 1" Hapoa DOBne: ,,3Ballo, 1JHTaj!" rpYlih npoAyzII: .. HapOAHa cRyumTBBa, soja pemaaa y BI:e neaor aapcaa, Ze.llH, Jl,a ()H SHaJ111 Cl3J1, B BH H neo ilapoJl, aa lIe.y cTojHTe, na sa TO je nOMa.lla Hac, Aa 06aapoAyjello H npM Balla OBY npORJl8llal\B'jy JLeBY, soja he ee esopo pasaMaTH no CBoj SeIllJLH." llpOR.IlaBaI\Hja, sojy je eesperap apoxaeso, r.llaCII.Il8. je: "HapoABa eRynmTBBa y HMe cpncsor BapoAa 06jaBJLyjc CJLeAyjyhc: Iloses cy 6esasoBHja RJLaS& A.I1eSCaHJI,pa Rapal,op~eBHha y csynmTHHB nperpeeeaa, II nOlle. ee OBa YBepHJJa, Jl,a ee JLellY Be 1I0ze H Jl,aJLe nosepeaa My BJJaC SJLR&eCSa OCT8BHTH, TO je uapOAHa csynmTHHa, &cJleh H '! CBaROIl lIacy lIYBaTH Jl,OCTojaacTBo Ru.asa eaora B mTeJl,IITH 'IeCT BlIleRa aeroaor, pemna-

H jYlle je,ll,1l0M Jl,enYTal\Hjoli SaJlOJJHJJ& RJLRSa, ,ll,a ()H sa JLy6aB epeke

H cnoRojCTBa H Hamer II JLerOBOr ereseeraa, cBojeBOJLaO ee AocTojaHCTDa SJLaaeBCSor OJl,peRao.

RlLas je HSj3BHO zeJLY, lI.a ee AO jyTpOC npBlIesa, H AeuyTaI\Bja cRynmTHHe CHHCXOJl,H.Il3 je OBOj &eD RJL3S& Hamer, ua je 06ehaJJ3 Jl,a hc ce AO jYTPOC lIesaTB.

, Ha rpJl,By Jlta.llOCT H cpa.OTY, RIbRS Be OJl,paa pes, so mTa BBme

HSBeBepB sellJLY B BapOA, jep BOLac npe nosoha TajHo y rpRA YTelle.

360r Tora je H3pOJl,Ha cRyumTHBa y ,ll,aBamu.eM sac6A3HBjy esoae jeAHor.l13CBO S3K'&YUJla B nporJJamyje: A3 je Ribas A.I1eKC3BAep Rap31,op~eBBh S691JeH ea SlL3aeeRor AocTojaBcTBa, H Aa je B.IlaCT RIbRlIteCRY HsrY()HO; Roje cRynmTHBaCBH.Il& BJlaCTHMa H CBCMY HapOAY 06saalLyje.

88

Ila 1I01Jell je TaKO sellJlJa 6ea 1I0rAaDap& OCTU&, TO je BapOAB& JlK'ylImTBRa, najyLB H& ylly zeJlJe B&pOAa B clIaTpajyhB: Jia lIoTpe6y .APzaBHY, j6Asy ,lJ,BHaeTBjy ca IIpaBaMa HaMe,lJ,OTB8. BUTB B H&.II&sehB .,IJ,a ee B sese sapo,lJ,a B 00Tpe6a APzaBHa ea 4)UB.IIlIOIl O~peBoBlha :3aAOBOJlJaDa - y Bl.e sapo,lJ,a y ,lJ,asamlLe. Saee,lJ,8HBjy IIpOrAamaBa:

Aa ee ope~amlLB KILas Muom 06peHoBBh BOOOOCTaBB B& ,lJ,OoTojaHoTBo RIL&Sa epnesor , ea npaB&Jl& HaMe,lJ,eTBa, Koja ey 4jlaIlBABjB ILeroBoj y Ilymsoj ABsBju: YCT&BO. ,lJ,apoBasa.

Ho KaKO he npohH BeRO spese, ,lJ,OK HII.Il KILas MB.Ilom 06peuoBBh y Cp6Bjy ourBe B B.IlICT IIp.'', a lIoTpe6Ho je ,lJ,1 ee AMa 3eIlUOR8 B ,lJ,OT.Ile O,lJ,0P8BJlJ8jy: TO je SlpO,lJ,Ba oKyomTBBa sauyu.II.a yseTB B yse.lla je ORY BJlIOT H8 ce6e, KOjy he O,lJ,IIPlM8TB ,lJ,oue eBOjill IIYTell, ,lJ,OK KILas MBJlom y Cp6Bjy Be npaene, B OB,IJ,I Le .y oAIa RILazeCRY B.II.IOT npe,lJ,ITB.

llOlIeIlBTeJlJOTB& oCTajy open ol£yomTBBB oaaso BOTO, sao ·mTO oy ope.a KILasy 6 • .11.8.

Hapo,lJ,sa esyomTBsl 06jaBJlJyje OBO CBna B.IlICTBIlI B eBaKOM.e Cp6BSY, B npelIopy1Jyje: A& ee up y ~8Jloj S611J1JII S8.j6pH&JlJBBJje 'IyBa, Aa sapo,lJ, y B3jBehoj MOSB B 6PITOKOj JlJy6IB. a.BB, B AI ee CBaRBIl Bape,lJ,6aK& eKynmTlse nOBeplBI B ILeHe sanOBeCTB TO'IHO asBpmyjy.

TaRo YTBp\eBo • nporaaaeao y sacje,lJ,aHBjy epaese sspoaae cRynmTHHe y lIeTBpTIR, 11. Ae~e.6p8, 1868 ro,lJ,. y Beorpsaj. ~ 57.« Iloeze npOJtJ1I!1&~Bje rpyJlLy je Tpe6a.1lo npouTaTB ysas, Rojn ee 1I00T8Majy SOBB Ba1JeJlB.~B BaA BOjCROIl B Beorpa,lJ,o ••

Me~y TU OOBeTB~H ROjB ee 6exy caKYOB.IlB y S,lJ,lILe COBeTCRO, B nOne1JBTeJlJII 'IeKaxy Ka,lJ, Le ,lJ,OAeTIlT. r.ll.ac ,lJ,a je cKYIImTRSa 060- pII.ll.a Klpa\op~eBBLa. lIeR&xy A& OHa 1I0m.Le ca.a ,lJ,enYTa~Bjy, Roja he jaBBTB Taj raae, Ha OS,ll,8. ,lJ,a ee npBoTYIIII IIs60py nplIBpeKeBe B.Ila,lJ,e. 11 rae, Haje,lJ,8.SnYT je,lJ,as O,lJ, OOJ1B~aja~l, mTO 6exy paoTypeuB IIYTe., liB Ile\y COBeTa R eKyomuBe, ,lJ,ojYPIl • OTBopn Bp&Ta, fAe oy Ce,lJ,B./lB ,lJ,ojaKOmlLB oypa,lJ,BH~1 o60pesa RILlaa, ROjl oy Iy BeUUOI, callI jallY ROOa.llB, U OOBI1JY "KILas je 96a1les 7« AB~a' Il.ll.or.x COBeT.Dna paSBe,lJ,pume ee OA S&,IJ,OBOJlJCTBa. Ho jom ee Blje IIpBII r.IlaCOBOm&

89

HB oABRao 0,11. COBeTCRHX apara, a TO ~ojYPB HOB aeeaas Da DOBne: "nporAaCBme RILaSa MBJlOma! {I Rao rpoll nopasa OBa Be01leKHBaHa BeCT cypaAeBe 6BBmera RILBsa, ROjB ee 118.110 qae PRAoBaxy lLeroBoj nponaoTIJ. CBa ee ceAHBqa ys6YHR, jeAllu mTO je TyHa 6110 pehll Le onopy pes: "BellozeIlO .. D!.yBaTH na OUAa JIBSaTB." ByuL If I'apamaHBU na·OHAa H ApyrB OAeYAHo 06jaBe AI HBRaSO He Le 06peHO:

BlLa. COBeTBHqB B oooeUTMII ROjll ee Baj&axy Aa Bs60p Muoma cRYDmTBBOII ueMa sa ILBX BIIU1£Ora sua1l8ja, IIHm!.axy Aa Tpe6a noMaTH eKyomuBB AeoYTaqBjy Roja I.e JlSa6paTH opBBpelleBY BAaAY npe, Hero mTO H eRynmTIBa 06jaBH CBoje oAJlY1£e. J om Y 01lH Tora AaHa K8juRa.oBllB ee HaAaxy Aa can B86enY npaspeaeae yopaBBBRe. CRA ODB BB,II,eme Aa ee JUIMO eRyomTBHe TO He 1I0ze OTnOlleTH, B TY ee oC.llalLaxy HI CBOj nojaB y epeABHB 1Le8IJHOj RaRo 6B ee yuno YTBcaR Ba oOMaHIRe I HapOA.· A1£T 0 npBBpelleBoj BJIaAH, 6eme Bel. enpeasea, BO .HeMora TO S.l10, Roje. je BeUTO B.I1aAaJIO y CBeTOBalLY COBeTBBRa B nOOe1JBTe!.a - B CIA HIl OTe 0PB.I1B1£Y All ee Ha spese nojaBe y cRynmTBHB. Ilpenapsxy ee 0 TOile, 1£0 AR y~e y AeDYTa~Bjy. He AooaAame ee 6am CBaROlle Ta nonOT. ByuL Ha sore, CBB aaaa&BB&XY . C lIo.l1601l AI OH npe,ll,BOAH AenYTa~Bjy, ,ll,BoYII!.ame B QR.Ile' Bame Rao B cBarAa 1t8A oy ee ,ll,emaBa.l1B B&ZUB Aora~ajB, B 1t8A ee oeeLaJla norpede Y lLellY. OH eTa,ll,e rOBopBTH Aa ee CIA Be.a RYA B A& ee Be Le OB euo sa 6a,ll.&BI 6PYUTB. fs TO OH ope6a~HBame t,a je BaA.UO BLB HR cRynmTBBY RaA je 6B.I10 TO][e spese, aJlII ra OUB Ta,ll,a Be XTeAome oyeTBTH. Ropeo je eae ,ll,S ra C&,II, 1l0.l1e CBB, jep B. je HOTpe6Rn, a noeae I.e eBR ORpeBYTII Aeha, B T. A. ese HR jeAaB RIAyn. ByqBL He ITe ynpaB RasaTB mTa OH xose, A.I1B • ..torB DOIlBm!.&xy AR CTap! B.Il8CTy&y6IJBB BojBoAa um!.ame TaAa 0 OHOj rJlRBHOj Y.l1orB KOjy je arpao 1839. rOAne, npe mTO Le MBJlOm 61TB S6aqeB, B 1842. rOA. npe,ll, mTO Le Rapa\op\eBILa B3a6pau, H 1845 rO,ll,BHe, UA ee eTHmaBUa CTojaHoBa 6YBa. OH je HBHOBa xreo AS. ra COBeT 06yqe TITYAOIl "HapoABora Bo\e, A' • TaAa 6B on ynp&8J10 npeBpaT no eBojoj aMI. AJII je &8..I10CBO BCRYCTBO Bel. OA&BHO noU8&.1l0 mTa SBau, AaTH BYlllLy y PYRe BeorpaHH1IeBY BAaCT. TOile 6. ee rS.pamaBBB UpBI aajoAcYABBje ycnpoTBBBO. Oscra oyn Ae-

90

MaromltO apeaaaaaae Byuba uBje BBmTa YUBB.IlO. Hajsa,lJ, saA CBB BaB8.IlBme ua TO, Aa B oa BAe ea AenYTa~BjoM, B K8A ee A.Ilesca JaUKOBBb nOAnpeACeABBK eosers CaM UaMeTY, AS. • OB BAe 0 ILBM - OBAa B Byub npaere, B oAe Y cKynmTBuoKY syhy, npahea JssaoBBhe., JlasapoM ApoeuBjeBBheM, COBeTBIROM H jom Tpua nonesaTeJl>BIl&, rAe je 6BO H I'apamasaa. OBI ee opnaRome BpaTBMa ORynmTRBCKBK y oHllj MaX EaAa rpYBh BRje 6BO jom 0pouTao saPOAY BB nO.lloBBuy npOR.II&Il8.~Bje. HajeAaBoYT 1IBTaILe 6. npeRBByTo 6ypBUI yCRJlB~lIKa: ,,3£BBKO KlLas MB.Ilom!, {/ ROjB ee pa3.llera.xy y 01£0.110 csynmTBHoRe syhe, y oBaj MaX Ra.A ee H eOBeTBBI\M B nOOeUTeJl>H nojaBBme. Hapoa ee CK.IlalLame ope,lJ, ILBMa, au je oAymeBJI>eBO BBsao:

"JKBBRo 06peuoBJIh It B '1'a BBsa uenpecTajame, Beh CBe jaqa 6BBame, CBe AOK eoaercss AenYTa~uja He y~e Y ABopauy cRyomTIIBORY. CTeBqa MBxaj.lloBBh II AenYTaTB, ROjll cy cTaja.llB us. AoseaTY, AOS je ee "PORJlaMa~Bja 1IHTUa B yEas, y~ome CaAs. Y HyTpa. rpyuh OeTs. B oPOUTa 06a aRTa AO Epaja. Ilomro OH AOBpmB 06BapoAoB8ILe cRyomTBCRn OAJlYRa, pese: "OA osora q8Ca no opaBy B S&ROUY 06pesoBHhH oy saROUB B BaMeABB BJlaAaO~B Op6Bje; cRynmTBuB npBnaAa RlLazaCRa B.Ilac'1' eae, AOE OUB He AO~y; a. Bam Bojen B rpa~s.BCKI BalJeJIUBR B yopaBBBR, [eere CTeBlJa - es. lLerOBHM nO)(OLBBIlBJl&. Beorpa~aHB! 0,11, aac saBBCI ,ll,a ese OBO OBaRO B y ICTBBB oeraae!" HapOA je oaroaspao: "xoheMO! xoLello! {/ BO BBAJlOee. Aa ra aaaeas~yje nojaa nOlleUY'1'Bx JlH~a y cKyomTlulI, 60jeb ee, Aa OUB aenonape esa nocao; B ueRB 1JJlaBOBB .IIB6epa.llBe napTaje, ROjB oy 6HU c BapO,lJ,OM, manTs.xy rpYBhy: "B,II,B TB Y Jl,BOpauy! Ta.o CB TI UyatBBjB, a 0 uall Blme Be 6ep.lf 6puy! It rpYBh ee BpaTB y cRyomTRBy. Ta.o je Beh 610 npoxaraa au COBeTCRB, ROjB 6eme ynpaB.lLeu aa cRyomTBBY rAe je OOSBBame ,lJ,s. ua~e aepe RaRO A~ ee ynpaBJI>& SeIlJl>OIl, EOjy je &lLas oC'1'aB,o. Iloaro ee npoqBTa aRT, Byuh Bsa~e aa npeAce,lJ,BBuo lleCTO, a rapamaHHB ua AeCBO OA sera, B raxo maOT8.me AenyTaTBMa, EOjB cy eeABJlB 0 re erpaae, RaEO ce oa lJYAI P8AlbB cRyom'!'HuOKOj. By1JBh cTojeLB, o6puy ee cRyom'1'BBB es. nOSAPs.BOM: "nOIlOSB Bor! na OUAS. nose S60PBTB: "IllTa je TO Jl>YAB7 mTa ete BH ypa"-1.11117 3a mTO 6pato xohere, II eeee B ,ll,e~y Bamy, ZIBe AS. noaonare

91

y sen)y~ Illro paAITe taRO 6es Jl,OrOBOpa ~ Sa mTO nosauere OH() mTO He MO&e 61TII~ S8 mTO Hs61p8Te S8 RlbaS3 OHe Roje DBrAa He llOry 6ITI, Roje Helle A03BO.lleTK DK oY.llTaD, HlTI I jeAH3 Be.llBEa APzaBa ~ Ja ee He 60jBJ: DBROra, HB IKaKBor Klbasa, DI MB.IlOm3 DI

I MBx8j.lla, DI A.IleKc8DAPS; MeDB cy OBO Aa.llB I\ap '(TojecT CY.llTSD), B Be.lllKI BeSBp. Ha OBe pesa seroae, CTaAome nOAno.araTH DeRB nOOllSHBl\1 .3 sayne, rAe cy OeAI.IlI AenYT8TB KparyjeBatJKOr oKpyra. OBI YOTaB B 06pHYB ee OCT8·.IlU cRynmTBHapBIl&, rosepaae npe6al\yjyhB 1M: "BuAITe mTa CTe yp8AB.I1B ~ XoLeTe MI.IlOm8! III CliO rOBOpI.IlI Jl,8 Tpe6a Dajnpe nOSB8TI If>BX (noKKsyjyllK Da AenYTal\Bjy) eaA Ile re SHaTI." BYllBIl HaCTaBI: "J& CaB rOBopBO ea eaApaS81l011 y IJ;aplrp8AY, BeJlBKHI. BeSlpOM A.IlH-namoll-na mTO rOA OH pese 1\8p ra Myma. Pasroaapao call Y BellY, C KlLaSOll rOpllaKOBHM, mTO je oaA npsa llaHleTap KOA pyoRora I\apa, rosopao call B ea BYO.llOIl, npBBM llBDIOTPOIl y Besj, I ea Bexoa mTO B6API I 06.11a1ll 1), B CBB cy u rOBOpBJlI Aa TO De.O&e dBTI. CaBO ee ep81l0THTe! "AKO OBAe AO~y 06peHoBHhB," Tyee OH YXB8TI 33 dplt "TO ra 6SI\ITe y npOltOA, a 3aTpnajTe Me Kallelf>eM.." Y TO I'spaaaaaa ynaAe Y pes cTap~y Koja 00 Bell 6eme noxeo aUTI, a 06pHYB ee ,4.enYTaTHll8 OB3KO pese: "MH BBOMO npOTIBHB DI JlteJLI DI BOJLI H8poAa; Sap III HICll() ea3B3JlB TY eKynmTHHY~" "XB&.Il8 B811" 0ASOBY ee JlHOrH. "MI e.o XTe.llB 0 Ban Aloe AoroBopno, HaeTaBI rapamaHBH; - HO HellojTe llBMBTI Aa III xollello BemTO APyrO. Ho S8 Bora! He BAe ee TBIl nYTeli. AKO mTO xobeao, OBAa BRJLa. TaRO paJl,BTa Aa dYAe ycnex8, a ne aa oYlll\e, des AorOBopa. Ma HIlaMO yeTsB B aasoae." HeKO.llBKO r.llaCOB8 aoaasame: "H l\B xoheao no yeTaBY!" By1JBh Le peLu Da TO, ,11,8 je OR B8jBBme 33 yeT8B noerpaaao." Ho lLellY npeKIHy BeJllltOIl BBROM pes, nOMaBBI\B YZHlIRor ospyrs, rAe je RajBeLn Hero BrAe JltBBe.Ila Y HapoAY yonoMeR8 0 JlteOTORHM ByuLeBIIM noeTYlll\Ua, oa Dpe~amlLBX npespara, JeARH 0,11, lUX DO HIleRY HRROA& M8PBBROBBh DOBBKRY: "TR OB DpBB I DoraSBO YOT3B!" B H8 OBO l\eJ1& cRynmTBR8 YCTa. ByuL je HemTR rOBopBO, UB ee Haje qyJlO, OA BIRe JOB883 ItomTYRBI\&, 13 PYA8BlIR01' oepyrs, ROjU nOA-

') OBaj aspaa, caeaose lIaOfH O'leBHA~H OBe oneae.

92

BIIRBy Ba AenyTa~Bjy: "IIITO ere AomJIB aK01 Aa ee e BapOAO. RaBEliTe, BAH Aa. RBapBTe OBO, mTO je BapOA HS1JBBHO. rapsmaHHB X'l'eAe' Ha OBO Aa OArOBopB, au ra HBey CJlymuB, MBDIa AHaeTseHjeBRL 6AM jom OA caors uca OA . RaRO eKynmTHB& YAapH nYTe., RO Me ee OK BBje HaARO, sa60pIBB Ba noepeAHBUY yAory npeAeeABBR8. Ha .eeTO lI>era eTYUB CTeBlla MHXajAoBBL, B 06pHYB ee ByuLy B I'apsmaHBRY, sanBTa BX: "XoLeTe AB BB 61TH e HlPOAOIl BAH He7" By- 1JBt epA-UTO OArOBopB: "I aamro ee BB ae AorOBapaTe7 saaro paABTe IIBIIO yroaopa 7 By1JBL BHje aaao, Aa Ha eBeToBIILY lLerOBBX je,ll,HOUMeHDS, ca Bo\an BapOABO-J1B6epaAHe napraje, Blje 6BJls np0CJ10- B~eua BB je,ll,Ba pe1J 0 TO., mTa AS ee paAH, nonrro C6 Ka.ps\op\eBBL s6a~l, BO je ee callO eehao eHora pearoaopa, ea CTeB1JO. 0 tePUHY. Ra,a,a CTeBlIa oArOBopH Ba 'lLerOBO nlTalLe: "naSI! He YSBKaj rpex HS Aymy! He UBI HSABmHBX enJIeT&R3! ,ll,oeTa IX je 6uo!," OBAa ByuL 6YKHY, rlLeBO. B sarp1lll: "SBa. ja mTa TB xoLem CTena! 3HaM! Au aeaem RYA ea HaYMJIo. HeLem A061TB TO, sHaj 7" Y pe'1H11S ByuLeBBII SBOlLame YBpe\eBo uoaospeae, ,ll,a ee CTena HaAao Aa nOA OGpeHoBBLHllla Brpa npBY yJIory. CTeB1I& n.llaBe B YAapIB pyROJ( no nBmTO,l,y, ROjB jP BaSAa BOCBO sa eBJIaBo., a Apyroll nORasaB Ha By1JBLa sarpu: "AoeTa je B OA Te6e 6B.IIO! He Le OA caA 6HTI RaKO TI xoLem; HO H.IIB Le OBaRO 6HTI sao mTO je HapO,ll, YCTaHOBIlO BAH Be I.e 6HTB I aae, H Te6e!" HeRB nOMaHH~B n{)XBTajy Aa OOAoOlloruy CTeB1JY, a sa ILHIla ee nOABrue OnIDTa BHRa Ha AenYTanIjy. TSAa CTena yse By1JBLa sa pase, B BOKaSaB .y nyT BpaTBIl&, ,11,0- BeJJ,e ra AO ILBX. ByuL Isa~e Ha nose rOBopeLH: "Helta J:B BcnaAHe B ,ll,pyro OKO, (jeABo je nry6Bo 1!a UeKeJIBRO rOAIHa npe rors), aEO Ball AO\y 06peHOBBhB I" Sa. BY1JBite. no~e B rapamaHBH B OCTUB 1JJIaHOBB AenYTa~Bje. TeR mTO OUB Isa\ome aa ABOP, a KapOA AOlleK& ea 6YPBBIl yCR.IIB~B)(3: ".iKHBIO OtSpeROBBL!" Y ABopaHI cRynmTBueRoj SaBJIaJl,a TBmBHa. Ha .IIBnUI J:HorBX orAeJl,ame ee ABKOBalLe BaJl, no'e~eBo. npOTBBBO. napTajo.. As Be 61 COBeTHIl~B B nOBel{BTe.LB BOJIe MorAB yTB~aTB Ha OAJ1YKe cKynmuucRe, rpYIlL ncaaeee Jl,eoyfaTBn K&O HeRY BsjaBY OA eesperape, Y ROjOj ee roaepaae: "Cit yomTBBCKI C6Kpe'lapBjsT 06HapoAoBao je .lTe~ .. a BeorpaJl,a, ROjB cy

93

ee ca .n.YAua us APyrux oKpyra. eaRynH.I1R ORO esynmraae, nposaaJaI\Bjy, All. ee aoenoeraasa HapO,1l.Ha ,1I.RHacTllja 06peHoBRLa, ea Hac.IIeAHRlII npaBRMa, ,11.11. eRynmTRHa Sa,1l.pJltaBa ce6R RlLaxecRY B.I1aCT, ,1I.OR He ,1I.o~e RlLas MB.I10m; R YRas 0 HalJe.llHHI\BlII3, ROjB Le eTajaTB nOA ynpaBolll eKynmTHHe. JRBTe.n.R 6eorpa,1l.a yepAHo yseme Ha ee Ty 6pBry All. o,1l..I1yl£e eKynmTBHcRe oCTaHY Y CHaSH; jep no seMa.n.eRBM· saROHna re cy O,ll,.IlyRe 06aBeSHe sa eBaRY B.I1aeT y Cp6RjH,B sa. eaasor epaeRor rpa~aHBRa. It RaRO ey 06HapO,ll,OBaae, cKynmTHHa ,lI,OlJeRa OBY HSjSBy ell. 6YPHHJI YCK.IlRI\BMa "aBBKO 06peHoBRL ! It OBe YCR.I1BRe npaXBSTB aapoz, nponpaLajyLB ILHMa COBeTHBRe B uonesarcse, mTO eaome as cKynmTIRe. Ho y Taj MaX, BpaTa ee eKynmTIReRa ornopame, I y1,e BylJuL lta.l1eLu ee ,11.11. HX RapoA ae Le ,lI,a nyeTH, MBma AHa-. eTacHjeBHh, SaM0.l111 CTeBlJY ,11.11. Isa~e npe,1l. aapo,ll, H.n.& Raze Aa HX nponyeTH. Ho CTeBlJa O,1l.rOBopR, ,lI,a TO H caM MBma aoae ,11.11. YlJBRB, sao npe,1l.Ce,1l.HRK.

"OH yeTa R Isa~e - TaRO name y sauaesaaa CTeBtIIHBM. Illra je rOBopRO C HapO,ll,OM He SHaM, a.l1B ee OH na esopo BpaTH. MB aaeTaBHeMO Ham noeao, ,1I.OR ByqlL oner OTBOPR spara R uoaase: "AMa J:O.I1BJ10 sao, panare OA aae mTa xokere, eaxo Hac He ,1I.pZHTe OB,1I.R. It TaAa MH eRynmTBHa pese : "l:Isa~BTe I aapeaare. It Ja Bsa~ox II BB,ll,ex All. ee HapO,1l. srpuao ell. eBHjy erpaaa, noeeo CBe B3.1laeRe, B He ,11,11. 1M HHRY/~ MahH. l:I Ra,1l.a ee ja 06pHYX napoay pesan: "BpahO! 3a mTO RX BB OB,lI,e .llpZBTe ~(/ xeae ell. CBRjy erpane aarpay nRTaTB: ,,3a mTO ey OHBaMO .n.om.l1u ~ mTa ey Ty pa,1l.R.IlH ~ Ry,ll, Le O,1l.aB,1I.e~ Je cy.l11 OHB e HaMa H.I1R nporaay Hac~1t - Ja O,1l.rOBopBM: "OHB ey 6pahO ornymreaa RYhaMa, I BS ILRX He he HRRy,1l. H3J1aBHTH. llHTaTR HX: xoLe JIB e HaMa HJlR He Le - He Bpe,ll,R; OHR Mopajy pa,ll,RTR eae OHO, mTO HapO,1l. xohe. ITyeTHTe HX HeRa HAY RyLan.« Taj lJaIl HapO,1l. ee paeRJlOHB, nponyera IIX aenpeeraao roaopeaa: "BlllJBTe aaseo RlLas MBJlom! (/ - OaB 'BBKHyme. 3aTRIl Hlt peaonre, Ra,1l. OHR TO BHlJY, OR,II,a HeRa II sane CRBHy. OHB eRH,1I.Ome Kane B nOBBRame:

"JRHBeo Ribas MH.Ilom!" Ta,1l.a ja o,ll,pe,1l.HM HCKO.ll1:lR0 .n.Y,1I.B, ,II,a BX npare 1£yLaMa, ,1I.a ee mTO ro,1l. He 6B e Ib~Ma ,ll,eeH.IlO, B BpaTBM ce y

I e&ynmTBHy. Y pa,1l.lbB cKynmTBHeRoj 1l0r.lla je ee OBaSBTB HeRa X.Ila,1l.-

94:

BoLa, 6Plllt.ll>IBOCT, nalitlLa. BIIAIJlO je ee Aa cy lIe~y cRynmTlluapUIl& KHOI'B, a OC061TO 1I11H0BHHI\R ROjH eseao BepoBaxy Aa he Ta ABa. JlR~a, Roja MB MaJJ.O sac BcnpaTIICIIO Ha BpaTa, lMaTB YTII~8j8. Ba HapO,ll. B ,lI.a Le ee ueaa CTBap 06pHYTil aa IbBXOBY pyRy. Ho re HaAe 6exy YSIWlYAHe. Ii ,lI.OHCTa y npOTOROJlHM3 cRynmTHBCRHM, sanHcaHe cy ODe pesa, 0 noeera re AenYTa~Hje. "Ha saXTeBalbe AenYTa~Hje, cRynmTHKa je oaroaopasa ,11.80 je noeao BeL eapmea, .II Aa cRynmTBHa oeraje npa CBOjOj OAJly~H.« TaAa 611 saK.II>YlleHO Aa ee CBRMa. BJlaeTBIla jRBH sa re O/l,.ll.YRe eKynmTHHjll£e. Ho RaAa HeRB lIJlaHOBH cRynlfiTHKe no- 3IteJlBme SHaTH: je cy JllI ee eBH nOAnHcaJlH as aRTna, mTO RX je cKynmTHua BS,lI,aJla, - TO MHma .AHacTaeBjeBRh OAfOBOPR: "Ja CaM nporaaaora 1IHe&.a, B Apan Aa BR paAHTe aenpaaeaao." TaAa JaHHLHje Apo6lbaR HS PHn&.a, 6corpaACRora ospyra, npahe R lLellY 0,11. oerpar 1I OBRRO lIy pese: " CoLam JlR ee roeaoaaae KaRO CR ee TH sasaeo y cBOjOj Kyh, Aa Lem ee ApaaTII uapOJl,a, Jl,a Lem lIJlaTU Ba cpny CaHO aapoaae aese; eaA cy oae nOSDaTe, a TU ee oABajam OJ!, HapoAa - rpex TH Ha Aymy!" OBe pellB ,ll,HpByme MRmy, U OH ee Taj :MaX onpay cKYDmTHHH nHTajyh je: ".iRtlJlHTe JlU 6paLo, Aa B ja nOAnHmeM, :ar.eJlHTe JlH eBU ~ RaA cRynIqTHHa oaroaopa: "Aa, ,11.80, aeJlHMO! a Muma pese: "rpex Ha Bamy Aymy!« Yse nepo y PYKe B nOADBca aKT, Aa ee s6a.u;yje Rapa~op~eBBh, aRT Aa ee nOCTaB.IL& 06peHoBBL, npORJlaMa~Bja B YRas y OHOJlORO npHMepaRa ROJlHRO je 6uo norpedao Aa ee psaaase CBRMa BJlaCTBIla. Aajyb ceRpeTapua nomaeaaa asrs , Mllma je rOBopHO: "BRAaBa! Ba aeaaare R&.asa MlIJlOma, a ja ra A06po SHaM: RaA CTe BR 6am XTeAlI TaKO Aa psaare, 60.ll>e 6R YllHDHJlR Aa ere yseJllI RlLasa MBxajAa: OR je 1JOBeK enoeo- 6aD sa BJlaAY." Ho n:6epaAHa napTaja ccLa.lla je ee RaKO cy 6am npOTBBuO TOile rOBOpR.IIR ApyroBR MHmUHH. Y oeTaJJ.OM I'apamaaaa, BaSAa 06aspIIB, C3Il0 je npe6a~RBO .II116epa.ll~RJla sa TO, mTO je cRyn· mTBHa ypaAB.IIa y H8T01J P6Aa KOjll B.IIaAa. OH je rasopao: Aaje CBeTo-aHApejcRa cRynmTlIHa Morn CaBO s6a~BTR Rapa~op~eBHha, B Aa BlIje 1I11a.lla nYHollohja Aa lIs6epe aosors RlLasa; sa Ty je ~e.ll>, no lLerOBY IIHelLY, Ba.N.JlO C&SBaTlI HOBY cRynmTIIHY, a Aa ee H36epe DpHBpeUHa B.IIaAa Roja he sa TO speae seM.MIl ynpaB.I>aTB. AJlH OBa