254 views

Uploaded by kenjosroy1

Lab report on flow measurement

- Experiment No 4 Flow Measurements
- Flow Measurement
- Flow Measurement Lab5
- Chap 6 Flow Measurement
- VOLUMETRIC FLOW RATE MEASUREMENT
- Flow Measurement Experiment
- Flow Measuring Apparatus
- Flowmeter Measurement Apparatus
- Venturi Orifice Rota Meter
- PROPERTIES MEASUREMENT/PVT
- Experiment 4 - Flow Measurement (2)
- Flowmeter
- Fundamentals of Liquid Flow Measurement[1]
- Determination of benzoic acid/caffeine in soft drink
- Flow Measurement
- Flow Measurement
- FLOW MEASUREMENT
- Flow Measurement Lab Report.docx
- Experiment 1 ( Flowmeter measurement)
- Flowmeter Demonstration

You are on page 1of 9

AIM:

To find the coefficient of discharge of venturimeter and the orifice plate meter.

To study the characteristics of flow across various devices, like a Venturimeter, a Rotameter

and an Orifice plate meter.

To calculate the volume flow rate of water using the pressure difference across a Venturimeter,

a Rotameter and an Orifice plate meter.

Theory:-

The head loss H12 is assumed to arise as a consequence of the vertices of the stream. Because the

flow is viscous shear stress exists at the wall and hence some of the pressure force and energy must

be spent to overcome it. The consequent rise in flow work appears as an increase in internal energy,

and also because the flow is viscous, the velocity distribution at any cross section is non uniform.

The kinetic energy per unit mass at any section is hence greater than V2/2g and Bernoullis equation

incorrectly assesses this term. Since a contraction of the stream boundaries in incompressible fluids

increases the flow uniformity and divergence correspondingly decreases it, H is typically negligible

between the ends of converging duct but is large when the flow diverges.

VENTURI METER:

ORIFICE METER:

H12 is by no means negligible between the ends of orifice meter. Hence normal measurement

through orifice meter should give an error.

By the same method followed above the discharge through an orifice meter can be calculated via

the following equation:

ROTAMETER:

Observation of the recording for the pressure drop across the Rotameter ends H I show that this

difference is large and independent of discharge. There is a term, which arises because of wall shear

stress, and is therefore velocity dependent, but since the Rotameter is of large bore this term is small.

Most of the observed pressure difference is required to maintain the float in equilibrium and since its

weight is constant this pressure difference is independent of discharge.

The cause of this pressure difference is the head loss associated with the high velocity of water

around the float periphery. Since this head loss is constant then the peripheral velocity is constant. To

maintain a constant velocity with varying discharge rate, the cross sectional area through which this

high velocity occurs must vary. This variation of cross sectional area will arises as the float moves up

and down the tapered Rotameter tube.

From above figure, if the float radius is and the local bore of the Rotameter tube is 2Rt then:

ORIFICE METER:

For the Orifice meter the measured head difference is about 0.83 times the measured head

difference. This is because of the obstruction such as an orifice pipe, there is a small increase in

pressure on the pipe wall due to part of the impact on the plate being conveyed to the pipe wall.

Sample Calculation

VENTURIMETER CALCULATIONS:

hA = 210mm , hB = 208mm , hC =209mm, Time = 127.32 sec

Substituting in equation (2) and equation (3),

The theoretical values of:

Volumetric Flow rate, Substituting in equation (2) and equation (3),

The theoretical values of:

Volumetric Flow rate:

QTheoretical = 4.302 * 10^-5 m^3/s

Mass Flow rate,

mtheoretical = 4.302 * 10 ^ -2kg/s

Actual Values are,

QActual = 3.92 * 10^ -5 m^3/s

mActual = 3.92 * 10^-2 kg/s

Coefficient of discharge, Cd = QActual/ QTheoretical = 3.92/4.302 = 0.91

Head Loss Calculations

Substituting in equation (6),

The Head loss is,

(delta)H = (210 209)/(0.167*(210-208)) = 2.99 inlet kinetic heads

ORIFICE METER CALCULATIONS:

hE= 208mm , hF=206mm , time = 127.32

Substituting in equation (4) and (5),

The theoretical values are,

QTheoretical = 6.29 * 10^-5 m^3/s

Mass Flow rate,

mtheoretical = 6.29 * 10 ^ -2kg/s

Actual Values are,

QActual = 3.92 * 10^ -5 m^3/s

mActual = 3.92 * 10^-2 kg/s

Coefficient of discharge, Cd = QActual/ QTheoretical = 3.92/6.29 = 0.62

Head Loss Calculations

Substituting in equation (7),

The Head loss is,

(delta)H = .83 * 16 * (208-206) / (.167 * (210-208)) = 79.52 inlet kinetic heads

ROTAMETER CALCULATIONS:

hH = 206mm , hI = 95

(delta)H = 206 95 = 111mm

RESULT:

Venturimeter :-

average from experiment= 0.878

average from graph=0.86

Average Head loss =1.858 inlet kinetic head

Orifice meter :-

average from experiment= 0.575

average from graph=0.58

Average Head loss =86.96 inlet kinetic head

Rotameter :-

Average Head loss = 103mm

INFERENCE:

The standard Cd value for Venturimeter is in the range 0.85 to 0.95 which is

matching with both the Cd values from experiment and graph.

The standard Cd value for Orifice meter is in the range 0.55 to 0.65 which is

matching with both the Cd values from experiment and graph.

From the results we can see that, value of Venturimeter is greater. Also

Venturimeter has very low head loss value compared to that of

Orificemeter. So this shows that Venturimeter is much better instrument

than Orificemeter.

Pressure difference across the rotameter was observed to be constant.

Graph between float rise (mm) and actual volumetric flow rate (lit. /min) is

almost linear. It shows that float rise adjusts itself according to the flow

rate to maintain constant pressure difference across Rotameter. This is the

principle on which Rotameter works.

- Experiment No 4 Flow MeasurementsUploaded byNathanian
- Flow MeasurementUploaded byiroshauk
- Flow Measurement Lab5Uploaded byJérôme J. Jeitany
- Chap 6 Flow MeasurementUploaded byee0785
- VOLUMETRIC FLOW RATE MEASUREMENTUploaded bywhoelse_i
- Flow Measurement ExperimentUploaded byChong Jie Mee
- Flow Measuring ApparatusUploaded bygeorgekenjiputra
- Flowmeter Measurement ApparatusUploaded bySyafiq Izzuddin
- Venturi Orifice Rota MeterUploaded byRajuKumar
- PROPERTIES MEASUREMENT/PVTUploaded byNurwani Hussin
- Experiment 4 - Flow Measurement (2)Uploaded byKhairil Ikram
- FlowmeterUploaded bynursyakirahrahim
- Fundamentals of Liquid Flow Measurement[1]Uploaded bySoothingSoul72
- Determination of benzoic acid/caffeine in soft drinkUploaded byMsfaeza Hanafi
- Flow MeasurementUploaded bySchreiber_Dieses
- Flow MeasurementUploaded byHarryadi Novry
- FLOW MEASUREMENTUploaded byميسرة
- Flow Measurement Lab Report.docxUploaded byinterestingese
- Experiment 1 ( Flowmeter measurement)Uploaded bySiti Sara Rahim II
- Flowmeter DemonstrationUploaded byNajwa Ghazali
- SOLTEQ Flowmeter Measurement ApparatusUploaded byHafizul Fa'iz Maksom
- bernoulli and flow meters.pdfUploaded byAmy Rice
- Lab 1- Fluid flowmeters (me) finalUploaded byizzahyahaya
- Bernoulli's Theorem Demonstration Lab ReportUploaded byCendolz IssZul
- VLE-UNITUploaded byAhmad Ifwat
- Dynamics Lab Report (Forced Vibration)Uploaded byWahiduzzaman Zaki
- Series and Parallel combinationUploaded byalzidi
- Catálogo de Flujometros industriales Spirax SarcoUploaded bysaconaconaca
- Final Presentation TOTALUploaded byTahrizi Andana
- k-302Uploaded byFelix Zabala

- MOS QPUploaded byMushini Nagabhushan
- Mechanical Properties of MatterUploaded bywscience
- ASAE S296.pdfUploaded byJavier Gaete Obreque
- A Blueprint for Building a Quantum Computer.pdfUploaded byedward.rhodes4760
- L9 Compressible Flow NewUploaded byDangol Rupesh
- Full Design of Flange CouplingUploaded bySamara Ayub
- Acoustic Waves - From Microdevices to HelioseismologyUploaded byaminardakani
- String Induced Supersymmetry Breaking - PresUploaded byLewis Proctor
- interferenceandyoungs2slitinternet-100224164521-phpapp02Uploaded byRosmini Abdul Rahman
- TBR GChem2 OptUploaded byRamski
- Quantum Computation -Theory and ImplementationUploaded bypcxdmb
- Seismic Course-day1 HAGI 2014.pdfUploaded byTriswan Mardani
- Problems and Solutions in Fracture MechanicsUploaded byKumar Saheb
- 22 energyUploaded byapi-235269401
- Chapter 16 MazurUploaded byIsabella Moreira
- Stiffness and Strength Suspension SummaryUploaded byMahesh Challa
- STPM Chemistry Form 6 Definition ListUploaded byCherry T CY
- Flow Over an AIRFOILUploaded byMuhammad Ali
- Journal FEAUploaded bycepeng
- siunits (1)Uploaded bysatishaparna
- UntitledUploaded bySaurabh Sharma
- UT cw 9.docUploaded byБарнс Бранн
- Tire_a_partUploaded byJosin Jose
- 16-1-Translation-and-Rotation-of-Rigid-Body.pdfUploaded bySindhu Babu
- Thermodynamics of Materials 2011 sup.pdfUploaded byAmit singh
- Pure Substance LectureUploaded byZesi Villamor Delos Santos
- Experiment No.1 HtUploaded byHardik Kumar Mendpara
- 2015 - 01 BasicsUploaded byFahmy Muhd
- Rheology BookUploaded byGemma Garcia
- 1991.AFSC HANSCOM. Bhavnani. Coordinate Systems for Space and GEOPHYSICAL Applications. [NEV][Coordinate][System][NEU][NED]Uploaded bySarah Koblick