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1 Revision 2009 Fire/EMS Training Academy

Self Contained
Breathing Apparatus
Training and Refresher
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• Given the SCBA Training and Refresher Course, the
student will be able to:
– Describe the training requirements for SCBA in
General Order 08-17
– Identify the different parts of the SCBA
• Scott AV-3000 Facepiece
• Scott E-Z FLO Regulator
• Scott Pack
– Describe how to inspect the Scott Pak SCBA and AV-3000
Facepiece
– Describe the operation the Scott Pak SCBA
– Describe the emergency procedures for the SCBA
– Demonstrate don and doffing of the PPE and SCBA
Course Objective
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Overview
General Order on Respiratory Protection Program
AV-3000 Facepiece
E-Z FLO Regulator
Pack Components
Inspection of the SCBA and Facepiece
Operating the SCBA
Emergency Procedures
Donning and Doffing the SCBA
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General Order
Division 08: Health and Safety
Chapter 17: Respiratory Protection
Program
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General Order 08-17
• Training Policy
– The initial qualification process to use a respirator,
including SCBA, requires:
•Medical evaluation that includes the an OSHA Respiratory
Medical Evaluation Questionnaire.
•Fit testing.
•Training.
•Demonstration of proficiency.
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General Order 08-17
• The initial training shall ensure that the member is thoroughly
familiar with the respirator and has experience in using it in a non-
hazardous environment. The initial training shall address:
– Why the respirator is necessary and how improper fit, use, or
maintenance can compromise its protection.
– Capabilities and limitations of the respirator.
– Inspection, donning, doffing, seal checking, and normal use of
the respirator.
– Emergency procedures, including situations that involve
malfunction of the respirator, maintenance, and storage
procedures.
– Recognition of medical signs and symptoms that may limit or
prevent effective use of the respirator.
– The general requirements of 29 CFR 1910.134, Respiratory
Protection.
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General Order 08-17
•Each member shall demonstrate proficiency in the proper
procedures for:
– User inspection of the respirator.
– Donning the respirator, including the seal check.
– Confident use of the respirator.
– Emergency procedures.
– Doffing, cleaning, and maintenance.
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General Order 08-17
• Training Policy
– Members must qualify annually to use respirators.
Qualification requires:
•Annual refresher training within 60 days of scheduled fit
testing.
•Fit testing.
•Demonstration of proficiency.
•Annual medical clearance utilizing an OSHA Respiratory
Medical Evaluation Questionnaire.
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AV-3000 Facepiece
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AV-3000 Facepiece
• Voice Emitter
• Nose Cone
• Regulator Adapter Port
• Head Harness
• Head Straps
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AV-3000 Facepiece
Voice Emitter
Nose Cone
Regulator Adapter Port
Head Harness
Head Straps
Head Straps
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E-Z FLO Regulator
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E-Z FLO Regulator
• Parts
– Air Saver Switch or Don/Doff Switch
– Purge Valve
– Regulator Quick Disconnect
– Face Piece Lock Tab Mechanism
– Heads Up Display (HUD)
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E-Z FLO Regulator
Air Saver Switch
or the
Don/Doff Switch
Heads Up
Display (HUD)
Face Piece Lock
Tab Mechanism
Regulator
Quick
Disconnect
with HUD
Connector
Purge
Valve
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E-Z FLO Regulator
Viberalert Alarm
Alarms at 1125 psi or 25% of
air left in the cylinder
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• Heads Up Display
»Full Bottle
»¾ Bottle
»½ Bottle – Yellow Light Flashing Slowly
»¼ bottle – Red Light Flashing Rapidly
»Low Battery for Heads Up Display
E-Z FLO Regulator
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Pack Components
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Pack Components
• Harness
• Remote Gauge
• PASS Device
• RIC Universal Air Connection
• Quick Disconnect
• Emergency Breathing Support System
• Pressure Reducer
• High and Low Pressure Supply Lines
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Pack Components
Shoulder
Strap
Waist
Strap
PASS Sensor Module
and Batteries
Cylinder Larch
SCBA
Harness
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Pack Components
Pressure
Reducer
High Pressure
Supple Line
Low Pressure
Supple Line
RIC Universal
Air Connection
Remote
Gauge
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Pack Components
• Emergency Breathing Support System
Quick
Disconnect
Dust Cap
EBSS
airline Hold
Down Strap
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Pack Components
• Emergency Breathing Support System
– Emergency breathing support system (EBSS), the Life-Link
permits two users to share a common air supply in
emergencies. Life-Link features a tactile-feel, quick-connect
coupling on the regulator supply line.
– The quick disconnect on the EBSS does not have a Heads Up
Display connector.
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Pack Components
• RIC Universal Air Connection (UAC)
– The RIC/UAC allows air to be supplied to a down or
trapped firefighter by either a Scott RIT-PAK™II or
another compressed air source.
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Pack Components
Pass Manual Reset
Button
Warning
Light
Manual Alarm
Button
Activator
Button
Pressure Gauge
Personal Alert Safety System (PASS)
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Pack Components
Pressure
Gauge
Open &
Close Valve
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Pack Components
• Pressure Gauge
– Should Be less than a 100 PSI difference between the two
gauges
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Inspecting the SCBA and
Facepiece
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
• SCBA must be properly serviced and prepared
for the next use each time it is used.
• Air cylinder must be changed or refilled.
• Face piece and regulator must be sanitized
according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
• Unit must be cleaned, inspected, and checked for
proper operation.
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• It is the user’s responsibility to ensure that the
SCBA is in ready condition before it is returned to
the fire apparatus.
• The daily inspection procedure should be used
when restoring a unit to service after it has been
used.
Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
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• If an SCBA inspection reveals any problems that
cannot be remedied by routine maintenance, the
SCBA must be removed from service for repair.
• Only properly trained and certified personnel are
authorized to repair SCBA.
Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
• Daily Inspection
– Each SCBA unit should be inspected daily or at the
beginning of each shift.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Skill Drill
Daily SCBA Inspection
Step 1: Check backback
and harness straps.
Step 2: Check air-cylinder
pressure. Turn on the air-
cylinder valve and check
gauge pressure.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Step 3: Check condition
of all hoses while
pressurized.
Step 4: Activate
integrated PASS device, if
present.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Step 5: Check the face
piece.
Step 6: Connect the
regulator to the face piece
and take test breaths.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Step 7: Close the cylinder
valve and open the
emergency by-pass valve
to bleed the pressure.
Step 8: Check function
and activation pressure of
low-air alarm. Close by-
pass valve and restore
unit to a ready condition.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Skill Drill
Replacing an SCBA Cylinder
Step 1: Place the SCBA
on the floor or a bench.
Step 2: Turn off the
cylinder valve.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Step 3: Open the by-pass
valve to bleed off
pressure.
Step 4: Disconnect the
high-pressure supply
hose.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Step 5: Release the
cylinder from the
backpack.
Step 6: Slide a full cylinder
into the backpack. Align the
outlet to the supply hose.
Lock the cylinder in place.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Step 7: Check that the
“ O” ring is present and in
good shape.
Step 8: Connect the high-
pressure hose to the air
cylinder.
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Inspecting the SCBA and Facepiece
Step 9: Open the cylinder
valve. Check gauge reading.
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Operating the SCBA
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Operating the SCBA
• Connecting the regulator to the pack
– Parts
•Female quick disconnect with Heads Up Display connector
•Male quick disconnect with Heads Up Display connector
Male Quick
Disconnect
From Regulator
From SCBA Pack
HUD
Connector
HUD
Connector
Female
Quick
Disconnect
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Operating the SCBA
• Connecting the regulator to the pack
– Line up both the female quick disconnect (from the
SCBA pack) to the male adapter (from the regulator)
and the Heads Up Display connector.
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Operating the SCBA
• Disconnecting the regulator from the pack
– Push both quick disconnects and hold
– Push the quick disconnect sleeve back to release the
connectors
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• Turning on the air supply
– Fully open the main cylinder valve.
Operating the SCBA
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Donning and Doffing
the PPE and SCBA
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Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
Skill Drill
Donning Personal Protective Clothing
Step 1: Place your
equipment in a logical
order for donning.
Step 2: Place your
protective hood over your
head and down around
your neck.
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Step 3: Put on boots and
pull up bunker pants. Place
the suspenders over your
shoulders and secure the
front of the pants.
Step 4: Put on your
turnout coat and close
the front of the coat.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 5: Place your helmet
on your head and adjust
the chin strap securely.
Turn up your coat collar
and secure it in front.
Step 6: Put on your
gloves.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 7: If there are two
people present, check
each other’s clothing.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Skill Drill
Donning SCBA from a Seat-Mounted Bracket
Step 1: Don full PPE ensemble
prior to mounting the fire
apparatus. Safely mount the
apparatus and sit in the seat,
placing arms through SCBA
shoulder straps.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 2: Fasten your seat belt.
Partially tighten the shoulder
straps. When the apparatus stops,
release the seat belt and release
the SCBA from its brackets. Exit
the apparatus.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 3: Attach waist belt
and cinch down.
Step 4: Adjust shoulder
straps until they are tight.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 5: Open the main
cylinder valve.
Step 6: Loosen or remove
helmet and pull hood back.
Don face piece and check for
leaks. Replace protective
hood and helmet and secure
chin strap.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 7: If necessary,
connect regulator to face
piece.
Step 8: Activate air flow
and PASS alarm.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Skill Drill
Donning SCBA Using the Over-the-Head Method
Step 1: Open the case and lay
out the SCBA with the cylinder
valve away from you and the
shoulder straps out to the sides.
Step 2: Fully open the
main cylinder valve.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 3: Bend down and grasp
the SCBA backplate with both
hands. Using your legs, lift the
SCBA over your head. Rotate
the SCBA 180 , so the waist
straps are pointed to the
ground.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 4: Slide the SCBA down
your back while your arms slide
into the shoulder straps. Tighten
the shoulder straps and secure
the waist belt.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 5: Remove your helmet and pull the hood back.
Don your face piece and check for an adequate seal.
Pull your protective hood into position, replace your
helmet, and secure the chin strap.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 6: If necessary, connect the
regulator to the face piece. Activate
the airflow and PASS alarm.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Skill Drill
Donning SCBA Using the Coat Method
Step 1: Open the case and lay out the SCBA with the cylinder
valve away from you and the shoulder straps out to the sides.
Fully open the main cylinder valve. Place your dominant hand on
the opposite shoulder strap.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 2: Lift the SCBA and
swing it over your
dominant shoulder.
Step 3: Slide your other hand
between the SCBA cylinder
and the corresponding
shoulder strap.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 4: Tighten the
shoulder straps.
Step 5: Attach the waist
belt and adjust tightness.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 6: Remove your helmet
and pull your hood back. Don
the face piece and check for an
adequate seal.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 7: Pull the hood into position, replace the
helmet, and secure the chin strap. If necessary,
connect the regulator to the face piece.
Activate the airflow and PASS alarm.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Skill Drill
Donning a Face Piece
Step 1: Fully extend the
straps on the face piece.
Step 2: Place your chin in
the chin pocket.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 3: Fit the face piece
to your face, bringing the
straps or webbing over
your head.
Step 4: Tighten the lowest
two straps.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 5: If there are more
straps, tighten the top
straps last.
Step 6: Check for a proper
seal.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 7: Pull your protective
hood up so it covers all
bare skin. Don your helmet
and secure the chin strap.
Step 8: Install the regulator
on your face piece or attach
the low-pressure air supply
hose to the regulator.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
Skill Drill
Doffing SCBA
Step 1: Use caution! Your regulator,
helmet, SCBA Pack and facepiece can
be hot. If your equipment is warm or
hot, do not remove your structural
firefighting gloves to remove your
equipment. If you remove your gloves,
you could get burned. Remove the
regulator from the face piece or
disconnect the low-pressure hose
from the regulator.
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Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
Step 2: Remove your helmet
and pull the protective hood
down around your neck.
Step 3: Loosen the face
piece straps.
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Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
Step 4: Remove your face
piece.
Step 5: Release your
waist belt.
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Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
Step 6: Loosen the
shoulder straps and
remove the SCBA.
Step 7: Shut off the air-
cylinder valve.
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Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
Step 8: Bleed the air
pressure from the
regulator.
Step 9: Place the SCBA in
a safe location.
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Skill Drill
Doffing Personal Protective Clothing
Step 1: Remove your
gloves.
Step 2: Open the collar of
your turnout coat.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 3: Release the
helmet chin strap and
remove your helmet.
Step 4: Remove your
turnout coat.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Step 5: Remove your protective
hood.
Step 6: Remove your bunker pants
and boots.
Donning & Doffing the PPE & SCBA
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Emergency Procedures
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Emergency Procedures
• If at anytime you have a problem with the operation of
your SCBA, call “Mayday” over the radio and follow the
Mayday Procedures.
• Addressing situations
– Regulator Failure
– Facepiece Failure
– Out of Air
– How to Air Conservation
– How to use the EBSS
– How to activate the PASS
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Emergency Procedures
• Regulator Failure
– Occurs when the regulator will not deliver air to the
facepiece during normal operations.
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Emergency Procedures
• Regulator Failure
– Procedure for using the Purge Valve
•Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures.
•Slowly open and close the purge valve to allow air flow to
the facepiece.
Purge
Valve
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Emergency Procedures
• Facepiece Failure
– This can occur when the facepiece cracks or breaks,
where you loose the seal, during operations that allows
continuous airflow out of the mask.
– This will waste the air in your SCBA.
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Emergency Procedures
• Facepiece Failure
– Procedure for Facepiece Failure
•Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures.
•Attempt to cover the possible crack or break in the facepiece.
•Reset the Air Saver Switch or the Don/Doff Switch to stop the air
rushing out of the mask.
• If needed, use the Purge Valve.
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Emergency Procedures
• Out of Air
– Your first indication of low air is your Viberalert Alarm. It
alarms at 1125 psi or 25% of air left in the cylinder. You still
have 2 to 5 minutes of air left.
Do Not Panic!
Never Rip Your Facepiece Off!
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Emergency Procedures
• Out of Air
– Procedure for Out of Air
• Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures.
• If you run out of air, you have two options.
1. Use buddy breath connection (EBSS) with your partner
and get out.
2. J ust Pull the mask slightly off your face to relieve the
collapsing face piece and get out!
» Get as low to the ground as possible so you can
breath and the hood that is surrounding the face
piece will filter the smoke that you breath in.
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Emergency Procedures
• Conserving Air
– During emergency operations, you will be using the air
in your SCBA. When you use about 75% (1/4 tank or
about 1125 psi) of your air supply, your regulator will
start vibrating to notify you your air supply is getting
low.
– When this happens, you will need to start evacuating
yourself/team out of the area.
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Emergency Procedures
• Conserving Air
– Procedures
•Reset the Air Saver Switch or the Don/Doff Switch
•Call “Mayday” and follow the Mayday Procedures.
•Slowly open and close the purge valve to allow air flow to
the facepiece.
•Take a deep breath of air and hold your breath for 5 seconds.
Repeat the process until you are out of the building/IDLH
environment.
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Emergency Procedures
• Emergency Breathing Support System (EBSS)
– SCBA’s are equipped with the EBSS. It is located next to the
remote gauge/PASS device.
– If you are working during an incident and you find a firefighter
down and the SCBA is empty, you can quickly connect their
regulator to your SCBA. It basically allows two people to use
the air off of one pack at the same time for emergency
evacuation purposes only.
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Emergency Procedures
– Procedure for Using
the EBSS
•Both fire fighters shall
be in close proximity.
•Unsnap the EBSS
airline Hold Down
Strap and remove the
dust cap.
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Emergency Procedures
– Procedure for Using
the EBSS
•Disconnect the low-
pressure regulator hose
at the quick-connect of
the empty pack and
quickly re-connect it to
the pack with air. The
HUD will not work on
the 2
nd
fire fighter, it
does not have a HUD
connector on the EBSS
line.
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Emergency Procedures
– Procedure for Using the EBSS
•Coordinate movements, there is only a few feet of hose, as
you evacuate yourselves from the building/IDLH
environment.
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Emergency Procedures
• Personal Alert Safety System (PASS)
– An electronic device that sounds a loud audible signal
if a fire fighter is motionless for a set time period or if
activated manually by the fire fighter.
– Located with the remote gauge
Motionless for 20 sec pre-alarm
Motionless for 30 sec full alarm
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Emergency Procedures
Warning
Light
Green Light Normal
Red Light Warning
Manual
Alarm
Button
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Review
General Order on Respiratory Protection
AV-3000 Facepiece
E-Z FLO Regulator
Pack Components
Inspection of the SCBA and Facepiece
Operating the SCBA
Emergency Procedures
Donning and Doffing the SCBA
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Summary
• Given the SCBA Training and Refresher Course, the
student will be able to:
– Describe the training requirements for SCBA in
General Order 08-17
– Identify the different parts of the SCBA
• Scott AV-3000 Facepiece
• Scott E-Z FLO Regulator
• Scott Pack
– Describe how to inspect the Scott Pak SCBA and AV-3000
Facepiece
– Describe the operation the Scott Pak SCBA
– Describe the emergency procedures for the SCBA
– Demonstrate don and doffing of the PPE and SCBA
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Practical Session
• Equipment needed:
– PPE
– SCBA
– AV-3000 Facepiece with Regualtor
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Practical Session
• Demonstrate
– Inspecting the SCBA
– Donning PPE
– Donning SCBA
•From a Seat-Mounted Bracket
•Using the Over-the-Head Method
•Using the Coat Method
– Donning a Facepiece
– Activating your PASS