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Primary Sources

Celli, Carlo. Economic Fascism: Primary Sources on Mussolini's Crony Capitalism. Print.
Used this source to understand how Mussolini influenced Italy's economy.

Crane, Frank, Dr. "The Fascisti." Current Opinion Oct. 1921: 431. Print.
Used this primary source to understand the publics opinion on Mussolini and the Fascist party.

"Document: Mussolini Primary Sources | Tools | Activate Instruction." Document: Mussolini
Primary Sources | Tools | Activate Instruction. Web. 22 Aug. 2014.
Used this source to read about the Ten Commandments that Mussolini made his soldiers follow.

Fischer, Arthur. Benito Mussolini. 1934. IWM (Imperial War Museums), London, UK.
This portrait of Mussolini was used to observe how outsiders perceived Benito Mussolini. It
appears that people saw him as an intimidating figure of authority.

"Internet History Sourcebooks." Internet History Sourcebooks. Web. 22 Aug. 2014.
Used this primary source to understand Mussolini's description of what fascism means to him.

Ludwig, Emil. "Chapter 13." Talks with Mussolini. N.p.: Little, Brown, 1933. N. pag. Print.
This chapter of Talks with Mussolini includes an interview with Benito Mussolini. It provides
insight to his plans as the Fascist leader of Italy.

"Mussolini Comes to Power." 1922 ITALIAN FASCISM ARTICLE,1920S ITALIAN
FASCISM INFO,RISE OF MUSSOLINI 1922,KING VICTOR EMANUEL APPOINTS
MUSSOLINI 1922,ITALIAN FASCISM COMES INTO POWER 1922,KING VICTOR
EMANUEL APPOINTS MUSSOLINI 1922,KING VICTOR EMANUEL APPOINTED
MUSSOLINI 1922,RISE OF MUSSOLINI,KING VICTOR EMANUEL APPOINTS
MUSSOLINI 1922,RISE OF MUSSOLINI ARTICLE 1922,FACTA MINISTRY LOSES
POWER IN ITALY 1922,FACTA GOVERNMENT REPLACED BY MUSSOLINI'S
FASCISTS 1922. Web. 5 Sept. 2014.
This newspaper article was used to find information about how people all over the world knew
about Mussolini and his dictatorship in Italy.

"Mussolini - THE DOCTRINE OF FASCISM." Mussolini - THE DOCTRINE OF FASCISM.
Web. 22 Aug. 2014.
Used this as a primary source to read exactly what Benito Mussolini stated in the official Fascist
government publication of 1935, Fascism Doctrine and Institutions.

Mussolini, Benito. "Declaration of War on France and England." Declaration of War on France
and England. Palazzo Venecia, Rome. 10 June 1940. Speech.
Used to illustrate Mussolinis passion for war and destruction of other countries.

Mussolini, Benito. My Autobiography. New York: C. Scribner's Sons, 1928. Print.
This book was used to read accounts of Mussolinis life from his point of view. There are many
ways to describe his rise to political success, but who can do it better than him?

"Spartacus Educational." Spartacus Educational. Web. 1 Sept. 2014.
Used this source to show part of Mussolinis speech in which he declared war against the Allies.

"Who Were the Fascisti?" ITALIAN FASCISM MAGAZINE ARTICLE 1922,1920S ITALIAN
FASCISM,RISE OF MUSSOLINI,RISE OF ITALIAN FASCISM 1921,ARTICLE
CONCERNING ITALIAN FASCISM 1921,PRIMARY SOURCE MAGAZINE
ARTICLE CONCERNING BENITO MUSSOLINI 1921,BENITO MUSSOLINI
MAGAZINE ARTICLE 1921. Web. 2 Sept. 2014.
This magazine article was used learn about the people who believed in fascism. These people are
better known as the Fascisti.




Secondary Sources
"Adventures of the Blackgang." : Benito Albino Mussolini Il Figlio Segreto Di... N.p., n.d. Web.
25 Sept. 2014.
This source was used to show Mussolini as a young boy in war.

"Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 24 Aug.
2014.
Used this source to get an overview of the life of Benito Mussolini.

"Benito Mussolini Quotes." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2014.
This source was used to gather multiple quotes said by Mussolini himself.

"Benito Mussolini & the Italian Fascism State." Italian Fascism. Web. 1 Sept. 2014.
Used this source to show a picture of how Benito Mussolini looked like when he was the dictator
of Italy.

"Benito Mussolini & the Italian Fascism State." Italian Fascism. Web. 1 Sept. 2014.
Used this source to show a picture of how Benito Mussolini looked like when he was the dictator
of Italy.

"Benito Mussolini- For We Were Young and We Had Wings." Benito Mussolini- For We Were
Young and We Had Wings. Web. 1 Sept. 2014.
Used this source to show how the people of Italy hated Mussolini so much that they hung his
body in the Milan town square.

"Fascism." Merriam-Webster. Merriam-Webster. Web. 24 Aug. 2014.
Used this source to better understand the definition of the word fascism.

"Fascist Personality Cults: Benito Mussolini." Fascist Personality Cults: Benito Mussolini. Web.
1 Sept. 2014.
Used this source to show an example of what propaganda was like when Mussolini ruled. The
poster reads, One for all, all for the Duce.
"Hitler and Mussolini - Cautious Allies." Alpha History: Nazi Germany. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept.
2014.
This website was used to describe the alliance between not only Germany and Italy, but
Mussolini and Adolf Hitler.

"Mussolini's Dictatorship". HistoryLearningSite.co.uk. 2008. Web.
Used this source to compare Mussolinis dictatorship to his well-known ally, Adolf Hitler.

"Mussolini Gifted 75 Marble Pillars to the Dome of the Rock." News That Matters. Web. 1 Sept.
2014.
Used this source to show that Mussolini and Adolf Hitler were good friends and even worked
together.

"The Gruesome Death of Benito Mussolini." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2014.
This video was used to show how Mussolini was killed and hung in Milan for public display.

The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2014.
The source was used to get a picture of Mussolini in his military uniform. This picture shows that
Mussolini was just a man at war before he became dictator of Italy.

"Mugshot of Benito Mussolini, 1903." Rare Historical Photos. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Sept. 2014
This source was used to get a picture of Mussolini's mugshot from his 1903 arrest in Switzerland.


"World Biography." Benito Mussolini Biography. Web. 24 Aug. 2014.
Used this source to learn about Mussolinis life and better understand why he changed from a
socialist to a fascist.