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Optical network unit Optical network unit Optical network unit Optical network unit

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


An optical network unit optical network unit optical network unit optical network unit (ONU ONU ONU ONU) is a device that transforms incoming optical signals into electronics
at a customers premises in order to provide telecommunications services over an optical fi!er
network"
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$ %efinition
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' Optical network unit closure
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An ONU is a generic term denoting a device that terminates any one of the endpoints of a fi!er to
the premises network, implements a passive optical network (/ON) protocol, and adapts /ON
/%Us to su!scri!er service interfaces"
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2n some conte.ts, an ONU implies a multiple su!scri!er
device" An optical network terminal (ON3) is a special case of an ONU that serves a single
su!scri!er"
Usage Usage Usage Usage
ONU provides the su!scri!ers with !road!and 2nternet access"
ONU also provides the su!scri!ers with 2/ 3riple play application"
An ONU is used in com!ination with an optical line terminal (O43)"
Optical network unit closure Optical network unit closure Optical network unit closure Optical network unit closure
An ONU closure is a mechanical compartment that houses the ONU e5uipment" 3he outer closure
faces the outside environment and provides physical, mechanical, and environmental protection
for ca!le (fi!er and copper) components or e5uipment housed within it"
An ONU system consists of a closure that is a metallic or non6metallic enclosure that provides
physical and environmental protection for the active electronic, optoelectronics, and passive
optical components it houses" 2t terminates optical fi!ers from the O%N and processes the signals
to and from the #ustomer /remises -5uipment (#/-)" 2t is the N- that provides the tariffed
Optical network unit 6 Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http788en"wikipedia"org8wiki8Optical9network9unit
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telecommunications as well as video service interfaces for multiple residential and small !usiness
customers"
)ervices on the customer side of the ONU are communicated over metallic twisted pairs and
coa.ial ca!le drops (in the future, possi!ly fi!er ca!le or wireless) to a Network 2nterface (N2)
where they are handed off to the customer<s network (usually, inside wiring)" %epending on the
deployment strategy, the ONU closure may provide one or more of the following additional
features7
Access to the fi!er distri!ution ca!le $"
=anagement of slack fi!er and fi!er splices &"
Access to the 3elephone )upport #a!le (3)#) for the purpose of powering the ONU '"
/revention of unauthori>ed entry" ("
/rimary power for ONUs is derived from either an e.ternal %# or an e.ternal A# power source"
?ack6up power for ONUs can either !e derived from an e.ternal power source or !e internal to the
ONU closure and !e provided !y the F234 system supplier" /rimary power and e.ternal !ack6up
power can !e delivered to ONUs over either copper twisted pairs or coa.ial ca!le facilities" 3hese
ca!le facilities are commonly referred to as the 3)#"
%eployment of an ONU system re5uires access to the fi!er distri!ution ca!le, 3)#, and metallic
customer drop wires" When access to these ca!les is provided internal to the ONU closure (i"e", !y
looping each ca!le through the closure), it is necessary that the ONU closure also provide splicing
and storage facilities for each of these ca!les"
3elcordia @+6;*:, @eneric +e5uirements for Optical Network Unit (ONU) #losures and ONU
)ystems (http788telecom6info"telcordia"com8site6cgi8ido8docs"cgiA2%B)-A+#CD%O#U=-N3B@+6
;*:D), contains complete proposed specifications for the ONU closures and systems"
)ee also )ee also )ee also )ee also
Fi!er to the .
Optical fi!er
/assive optical network
+eferences +eferences +eferences +eferences
E EE E @";F("( 7 @iga!it6capa!le passive optical networks (@6/ON)7 ON3 management and control interface
specification (http788www"itu"int8rec836+-#6@";F("(6&::F:&62) page (, section ' definitions, accessed
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ONU ONU ONU ONU on @oogle 2mages (http788images"google"com"pk
8imagesA5BopticalG&:networkG&:unit)
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+etrieved from Hhttp788en"wikipedia"org8w8inde."phpAtitleBOptical9network9unitD
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#ategories7 Network architecture Fi!er6optic communications
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