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1

LT1097
Low Cost, Low Power
Precision Op Amp
FEATURES DESCRIPTION
U
I
Offset Voltage 50V Max
I
Offset Voltage Drift 1V/C Max
I
Bias Current 250pA Max
I
Offset Current 250pA Max
I
Bias and Offset Current Drift 4pA/C Max
I
Supply Current 560A Max
I
0.1Hz to 10Hz Noise 0.5Vp-p, 2.2pAp-p
I
CMRR 115dB Min
I
Voltage Gain 117dB Min
I
PSRR 114dB Min
I
Guaranteed Operation on Two NiCad Batteries
APPLICATIONS
U
I
Replaces OP-07/OP-77/OP-97/OP-177/AD707/
LT1001 with Improved Price/Performance
I
High Impedance Difference Amplifiers
I
Logarithmic Amplifiers (Wide Dynamic Range)
I
Thermocouple Amplifiers
I
Precision Instrumentation
I
Active Filters (with Small Capacitors)
TYPICAL APPLICATION
U
, LTC and LT are registered trademarks of Linear Technology Corporation.
LT

1097 achieves a new standard in combining low price


and outstanding precision performance.
On all operational amplifier data sheets, the specifications
listed on the front page are for highly selected, expensive
grades, while the specs for the low cost grades are buried
deep in the data sheet.
The LT1097 does not have any selected grades, the
outstanding specifications shown in the Features section
are for its only grade.
The design effort of the LT1097 concentrated on optimiz-
ing the performance of all precision specsat only 350A
of supply current. Typical values are 10V offset voltage,
40pA bias and offset currents, 0.2V/C and 0.4pA/C
drift. Common mode and power supply rejections, voltage
gain are typically in excess of 128dB.
All parameters that are important for precision, low power
op amps have been optimized. Consequently, using the
LT1097 error budget calculations in most applications is
unnecessary.
+
9V
OUT = 1.1V TO 8.0V
AS 1.8k R2 135k
LT1097TA01
4
2
3
7
6
R1
20k
R2
1.018235V
2N3609
SATURATED
STANDARD
CELL #101
EPPLEY LABS
NEWPORT, R. I.
THE TYPICAL 40pA BIAS CURRENT OF THE LT1097
WILL DEGRADE THE STANDARD CELL BY ONLY
1ppm/YEAR. NOISE IS A FRACTION OF A ppm.
UNPROTECTED GATE MOSFET ISOLATES
STANDARD CELL ON POWER DOWN.

+
LT1097
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (V)
50 40 30 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50
P
E
R
C
E
N
T

O
F

U
N
I
T
S
LT1097 G01
50
40
30
20
10
0
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
6,500 UNITS IN SO PACKAGE
6,680 UNITS IN
PLASTIC
DIP
13,180 UNITS
TESTED
Input Offset Voltage Distribution Saturated Standard Cell Amplifier
2
LT1097
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
WW WU
PACKAGE/ORDER INFORMATION
WU U
ORDER
PART NUMBER
LT1097CN8
Supply Voltage ...................................................... 20V
Differential Input Current (Note 1) ...................... 10mA
Input Voltage ......................................................... 20V
Output Short Circuit Duration .......................... Indefinite
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
TOP VIEW
V
OS
TRIM
IN
+IN
V

V
OS
TRIM
V
+
OUT
OVER COMP
N8 PACKAGE
8-LEAD PLASTIC DIP
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
TOP VIEW
S8 PACKAGE
8-LEAD PLASTIC SO
V
OS
TRIM
IN
+IN
V

V
OS
TRIM
V
+
OUT
OVER COMP
ORDER
PART NUMBER
LT1097S8
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
V
S
= 15V, V
CM
= 0V, T
A
= 25C, unless otherwise noted.
LT1097CN8 LT1097S8
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX UNITS
V
OS
Input Offset Voltage 10 50 10 60 V
V
OS
Long Term Input Offset 0.3 0.3 V/Mo
TIME Voltage Stability
I
OS
Input Offset Current 40 250 60 350 pA
I
B
Input Bias Current 40 250 50 350 pA
e
n
Input Noise Voltage 0.1Hz to 10Hz 0.5 0.5 Vp-p
Input Noise Voltage Density f
O
= 10Hz 16 16 nV/Hz
f
O
= 1000Hz 14 14 nV/Hz
i
n
Input Noise Current 0.1Hz to 10Hz 2.2 2.4 pAp-p
Input Noise Current Density f
O
= 10Hz 0.03 0.035 pA/Hz
f
O
= 1000Hz 0.008 0.008 pA/Hz
Input Resistance (Note 2)
Differential Mode 30 80 25 70 M
Common Mode 10
12
810
11

Input Voltage Range 13.5 14.3 13.5 14.3 V


CMRR Common Mode Rejection Ratio V
CM
= 13.5V 115 130 115 130 dB
PSRR Power Supply Rejection Ratio V
S
= 1.2V to 20V 114 130 114 130 dB
A
VOL
Large Signal Voltage Gain V
O
= 12V, R
L
= 10k 700 2500 700 2500 V/mV
V
O
= 10V, R
L
= 2k 250 1000 250 1000 V/mV
V
OUT
Output Voltage Swing R
L
= 10k 13 13.8 13 13.8 V
R
L
= 2k 11.5 13 11.5 13 V
SR Slew Rate 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 V/s
GBW Gain Bandwidth Product 700 700 kHz
I
S
Supply Current 350 560 350 560 A
Offset Adjustment Range R
POT
= 10k, Wiper to V
+
600 600 V
Minimum Supply Voltage (Note 3) 1.2 1.2 V
Operating Temperature Range ................. 40C to 85C
Storage Temperature Range .................. 65C to 150C
Lead Temperature (Soldering, 10 sec).................. 300C
3
LT1097
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
V
S
= 15V, V
CM
= 0V, 0C T
A
70C, unless otherwise noted.
LT1097CN8 LT1097S8
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX UNITS
V
OS
Input Offset Voltage G 20 100 20 130 V
Average Temperature Coefficient of (Note 4) G 0.2 1 0.2 1.4 V/C
Input Offset Voltage
I
OS
Input Offset Current G 60 430 75 570 pA
Average Temperature Coefficient of (Note 4) G 0.4 4 0.5 5 pA/C
Input Offset Current
I
B
Input Bias Current G 60 430 75 570 pA
Average Temperature Coefficient of (Note 4) G 0.4 4 0.5 5 pA/C
Input Bias Current
A
VOL
Large Signal Voltage Gain V
OUT
= 12V, R
L
10k G 450 2000 450 2000 V/mV
V
OUT
= 10V, R
L
2k G 180 800 180 800 V/mV
CMRR Common Mode Rejection Ratio V
CM
= 13.5V G 112 128 112 128 dB
PSRR Power Supply Rejection Ratio V
S
= 1.3V to 20V G 111 128 111 128 dB
Input Voltage Range G 13.5 14.2 13.5 14.2 V
V
OUT
Output Voltage Swing R
L
= 10k G 13 13.7 13 13.7 V
I
S
Supply Current G 380 700 380 700 A
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
V
S
= 15V, V
CM
= 0V, 40C T
A
85C, unless otherwise noted. (Note 5)
LT1097CN8 LT1097S8
SYMBOL PARAMETER CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX MIN TYP MAX UNITS
V
OS
Input Offset Voltage G 25 130 30 170 V
Average Temperature Coefficient of G 0.3 1.2 0.3 1.6 V/C
Input Offset Voltage
I
OS
Input Offset Current G 70 600 85 750 pA
Average Temperature Coefficient of G 0.5 5 0.6 6 pA/C
Input Offset Current
I
B
Input Bias Current G 70 600 85 750 pA
Average Temperature Coefficient of G 0.5 5 0.6 6 pA/C
Input Bias Current
A
VOL
Large Signal Voltage Gain V
OUT
= 12V, R
L
10k G 300 1700 300 1700 V/mV
V
OUT
= 10V, R
L
2k G 700 700 V/mV
CMRR Common Mode Rejection Ratio V
CM
= 13.5V G 108 127 108 127 dB
PSRR Power Supply Rejection Ratio V
S
= 1.5V to 20V G 108 127 108 127 dB
Input Voltage Range G 13.5 14 13.5 14 V
V
OUT
Output Voltage Swing R
L
= 10k G 13 13.6 13 13.6 V
I
S
Supply Current G 400 800 400 800 A
The G denotes specifications which apply over the full operating
temperature range.
Note 1: Differential input voltages greater than 1V will cause excessive
current to flow through the input protection diodes unless limiting
resistance is used.
Note 2: This parameter is guaranteed by design and is not tested.
Note 3: Power supply rejection ratio is measured at the minimum supply
voltage.
Note 4: This parameter is not 100% tested.
Note 5: The LT1097 is designed, characterized and expected to meet these
extended temperature limits, but is not tested at 40C and 85C.
Guaranteed I grade parts are available; consult factory.
4
LT1097
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
U W
Distribution to Offset Voltage Drift
with Temperature
Input Bias Current vs Temperature
Minimum Supply Voltage,
Common Mode Range and
Voltage Swing at V
MIN
Warm-Up Drift
Input Bias Current Over Common
Mode Range
OFFSET VOLTAGE DRIFT WITH TEMPERATURE (V/C)
1.51.20.90.60.3 0 0.3 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.5
P
E
R
C
E
N
T

O
F

U
N
I
T
S
LT1097 G02
50
40
30
20
10
0
V
S
= 15V
240 UNITS TESTED
IN N8 PACKAGES
FROM SIX RUNS
TIME AFTER POWER ON (MINUTES)
0 1 2 3 4 5
C
H
A
N
G
E

I
N

O
F
F
S
E
T

V
O
L
T
A
G
E

(

V
)
1097 G05
5
4
3
2
1
0
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
PLASTIC-IN-LINE PACKAGE
PLASTIC (N) OR SO (S)
TEMPERATURE (C)
50 0 50 25 25 75 100
I
N
P
U
T

B
I
A
S

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(
p
A
)
1097 G03
200
100
0
100
200
300
UNDERCANCELLED UNIT
OVERCANCELLED UNIT
TEMPERATURE (C)
40 10 20 50 80 110
C
O
M
M
O
N

M
O
D
E

R
A
N
G
E

O
R

O
U
T
P
U
T

S
W
I
N
G

(
V
)
1097 G04
M
I
N
I
M
U
M

S
U
P
P
L
Y

V
O
L
T
A
G
E
,

V
M
I
N

(
V
)
V
+
V
+
0.2
V
+
0.4
V
+
0.6
V
+
0.8
V

+0.8
V

+0.6
V

+0.4
V

+0.2
V

1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
CM RANGE
CM RANGE
SWING
R
L
= 10k
SWING
COMMON MODE INPUT VOLTAGE
15 5 5 10 0 10 15
I
N
P
U
T

B
I
A
S

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(
p
A
)
1097 G06
120
80
40
0
40
80
120
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
R
IN CM
= 10
12

DEVICE WITH POSITIVE INPUT CURRENT


DEVICE WITH NEGATIVE INPUT CURRENT
V
CM
I
B
+

5
LT1097
Output Short Circuit Current vs Time
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
U W
0.1Hz to 10Hz Noise 0.01Hz to 10Hz Noise
Noise Spectrum
TIME (SECONDS)
0 2 4 6 8 10
N
O
I
S
E

V
O
L
T
A
G
E

(
0
.
4

V
/
D
I
V
)
1097 G08
V
S
= 1.2V TO 20V
T
A
= 25C
TIME FROM OUTPUT SHORT (MINUTES)
0 1 2 3
S
H
O
R
T

C
I
R
C
U
I
T

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(
m
A
)
S
I
N
K
I
N
G
S
O
U
R
C
I
N
G
1097 G07
20
15
10
5
0
5
10
15
20
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
TIME (SECONDS)
0 20 40 60 80 100
N
O
I
S
E

V
O
L
T
A
G
E

(
0
.
4

V
/
D
I
V
)
0
.
4

V
1097 G09
V
S
= 1.2V TO 20V
T
A
= 25C
FREQUENCY (Hz)
1
1
10
100
1000
10 100 1000
1097 G10
V
O
L
T
A
G
E

N
O
I
S
E

D
E
N
S
I
T
Y

(
n
V

H
z
)
C
U
R
R
E
N
T

N
O
I
S
E

D
E
N
S
I
T
Y

(
f
A

H
z
)
T
A
= 25C
V
S
= 1.2V TO 20V
VOLTAGE NOISE
1/f CORNER
2.5Hz
1/f CORNER
140Hz
CURRENT NOISE
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)
15 5 5 10 0 10 15
C
H
A
N
G
E

I
N

O
F
F
S
E
T

V
O
L
T
A
G
E

(

V
)
1097 G11
30
20
10
0
10
20
30
V
s
= 15 V
T
A
= 25C
R
L
= 10k
R
L
= 10k
R
L
= 2k
R
L
= 2k
Voltage Gain
6
LT1097
FREQUENCY (Hz)
0.01 0.1 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
V
O
L
T
A
G
E

G
A
I
N

(
d
B
)
1097 G12
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
20
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
FREQUENCY (MHz)
0.01
G
A
I
N

(
d
B
)
40
30
20
10
0
10
P
H
A
S
E

S
H
I
F
T

(
D
E
G
R
E
E
S
)
100
120
140
160
180
200
0.1 1 10
1097 G13
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
PHASE
GAIN
PHASE MARGIN = 70C
FREQUENCY (Hz)
1 10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M
C
O
M
M
O
N

M
O
D
E

R
E
J
C
T
I
O
N

R
A
T
I
O

(
d
B
)
1097 G14
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
0
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
FREQUENCY (Hz)
0.1 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M
P
O
W
E
R

S
U
P
P
L
Y

R
E
J
E
C
T
I
O
N

R
A
T
I
O

(
d
B
)
1097 G15
140
120
100
80
60
40
20
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
POSITIVE SUPPLY
NEGATIVE SUPPLY
OVERCOMPENSATION CAPACITOR (pF)
S
L
E
W

R
A
T
E

(
V
/

s
)
1 100 1000 10000
1097 G16
10
1
0.1
0.01
0.001
G
A
I
N

B
A
N
D
W
I
D
T
H

P
R
O
D
U
C
T

(
k
H
z
)
1000
100
10
1
V
S
= 15V
T
A
= 25C
SLEW GBW
Voltage Gain vs Frequency
Gain, Phase Shift vs Frequency
Common Mode Rejection vs
Frequency
Power Supply Rejection vs
Frequency
Slew Rate, Gain Bandwidth
Product vs Overcompensation
Capacitor
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
U W
7
LT1097
CAPACITIVE LOAD (pF)
10
O
V
E
R
S
H
O
O
T

(
%
)
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
100 1000 10,000
1097 G19
T
A
= 25C
V
S
= 15V
C
S
: PIN 5 TO GROUND
A
V
= 1
C
S
= 0
A
V
= 1
C
S
= 200pF
A
V
= 10
C
S
= 0
A
V
= 1, C
LOAD
= 100pF, 5s/DIV
2
0
m
V
/
D
I
V
1097 G17
A
V
= 1, 20s/DIV
2
V
/
D
I
V
1097 G18
Small Signal Transient Response Large Signal Transient Response
Capacitive Load Handling
TYPICAL PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS
U W
8
LT1097
Q27
1.5k 2.5k
30pF
1 TRIM
800
30k
8 TRIM 5 OVER COMP
6
OUT
800
30k 1.3k
35A
20A
80A
2

IN
3
+
IN
15A
S S S
Q3 Q1
Q9
Q10
Q2
Q5
Q6
S
80A
5A
5A
Q11
Q24
Q12
Q21
Q22
Q20
Q23
Q4
Q7
Q8
Q13
1.5k 50k
3k
J1
Q16
Q17
Q18
Q15
3.7k
3.7k 3.7k 16k
Q14
Q19
1.5k
40
40 1.5k
Q29
Q33
Q28
Q31
Q30
Q26
40 330
Q1Q4 ARE SUPERGAIN TRANSISTORS 1097 BD
Q32
100
7
V
+
Q25
4 V

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM
W W
9
LT1097
15V
15V
OUT
LT1097F01
4
3
2
7
6
50k
50k
50k
50k
+IN
IN
+

LT1097
V
OUT
V+
LT1097F02
4
5
C
S
1
3
2
10k
POT
8
7
6
+

LT1097
Frequency Compensation and Optional Offset Nulling 27V Common Mode Range Difference Amplifier
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
W UU U
Guaranteed Perfomance, V
S
= 15V, T
A
= 25C
PARAMETER LT1097CN8 OP-77GP AD707JN OP-177GP OP-97FP UNITS
Error Terms
V
OS
Max 50 100 90 60 75 V
I
OS
Max25k 6 70 50 70 4 V
Gain Min, 10V Out 14 5 3 5 50 V
CMRR, Min, 25V In 22 20 13 22 39 V
PSRR, Min, V
S
= 15V 10% 6 9 9 9 9 V
Sum of All Error Terms 98 204 165 166 177 V
0.1Hz to 10Hz Noise
Voltage Noise 0.5 0.38 0.23 0.38 0.5 Vp-p Typ
Current Noise50k 0.11 0.75 0.7 0.75 0.1 Vp-p Typ
Resistor Noise 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 0.55 Vp-p Typ
RMS sum 0.75 1 0.92 1 0.75 Vp-p
Drift with Temp
TCV
OS
Max 1 1.2 1 1.2 2 V/C
TCI
OS
Max25k 0.1 2.1 1 2.1 0.2 V/C
Sum of Drift Terms 1.1 3.3 2 3.3 2.2 V/C
Supply Current Max 0.56 2 3 2 0.6 mA
The LT1097 is pin compatible to and directly replaces such
precision op amps as the OP-07, OP-77, AD707, OP-97, OP-
177, LM607 and LT1001 with improved price/performance.
Compatibility includes externally nulling the offset voltage, as
all of the above devices are trimmed with a potentiometer
between Pin 1 and Pin 8 and the wiper tied to V
+
.
The simple difference amplifier can be used to illustrate
the all-around excellence of the LT1097. The 50k input
resistance is selected to be large enough compared to
input signal source resistance. Simultaneously, the 50k
resistors should not dominate the precision and noise
error budget. Assuming perfect matching between the
four resistors, the following table summarizes the input
referred performance obtained using the LT1097 and
other popular, low cost precision op amps.
Input offset voltage can be adjusted over a 600V range
with a 10k potentiometer.
The LT1097 is internally compensated for unity gain
stability. As shown on the Capacitive Load Handling plot,
the LT1097 is stable with any capacitive load. However,
the overcompensation capacitor, C
S
, can be used to re-
duce overshoot with heavy capacitive loads, to narrow
noise bandwidth or to stabilize circuits with gain in the
feedback loop.
10
LT1097
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
W UU U
OUT
LT1097F03
5
0.01F
3
IN
2
6
50pF
10k
5k
+

LT1097
15V
15V
V
O
V
O
= 1000V
OS
*RESISTORS MUST HAVE LOW
THERMOELECTRIC POTENTIAL LT1097F04
4
3
2
7
6
50k*
100*
50k*
+

LT1097
Pulse Response of Feedforward
Compensation
Test Circuit for Offset Voltage and
its Drift with Temperature
Follower Feedforward
Compensation
5s/DIV
5
V
/
D
I
V
1097 G20
The availability of the compensation terminal permits the use
of feedforward frequency compensation to enhance slew
rate. The voltage follower feedforward scheme bypasses the
amplifiers gain stages and slews at nearly 10V/s.
The inputs of the LT1097 are protected with back-to-back
diodes. In the voltage follower configuration, when the
input is driven by a fast, large signal pulse (>1V), the input
protection diodes effectively short the output to the input
during slewing, and a current, limited only by the output
short circuit protection will flow through the diodes.
The use of a feedback resistor, as shown in the voltage
follower feedforward diagram, is recommended because
this resistor keeps the current below the short circuit limit,
resulting in faster recovery and settling of the output.
5V
OUT
2N3904
620k
LT1097TA02
4
3
2
1
7
5V
6
1k
330k
100k
10k
10k
IN
+IN
+

LT1097
100k
Low Power Comparator with <10V Hysteresis
U
TYPICAL APPLICATIO
11
LT1097
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no represen-
tation that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.
PACKAGE DESCRIPTION
U
Dimensions in inches (millimeters) unless otherwise noted.
N8 1197
0.100 0.010
(2.540 0.254)
0.065
(1.651)
TYP
0.045 0.065
(1.143 1.651)
0.130 0.005
(3.302 0.127)
0.020
(0.508)
MIN
0.018 0.003
(0.457 0.076)
0.125
(3.175)
MIN
1 2 3 4
8 7 6 5
0.255 0.015*
(6.477 0.381)
0.400*
(10.160)
MAX
0.009 0.015
(0.229 0.381)
0.300 0.325
(7.620 8.255)
0.325
+0.035
0.015
+0.889
0.381
8.255
( )
*THESE DIMENSIONS DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS.
MOLD FLASH OR PROTRUSIONS SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.010 INCH (0.254mm)
1 2 3 4
0.150 0.157**
(3.810 3.988)
8 7 6 5
0.189 0.197*
(4.801 5.004)
0.228 0.244
(5.791 6.197)
0.016 0.050
0.406 1.270
0.010 0.020
(0.254 0.508)
45
0 8 TYP
0.008 0.010
(0.203 0.254)
SO8 0996
0.053 0.069
(1.346 1.752)
0.014 0.019
(0.355 0.483)
0.004 0.010
(0.101 0.254)
0.050
(1.270)
TYP
DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE MOLD FLASH. MOLD FLASH
SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.006" (0.152mm) PER SIDE
DIMENSION DOES NOT INCLUDE INTERLEAD FLASH. INTERLEAD
FLASH SHALL NOT EXCEED 0.010" (0.254mm) PER SIDE
*
**
N8 Package
8-Lead PDIP (Narrow 0.300)
(LTC DWG # 05-08-1510)
S8 Package
8-Lead Plastic Small Outline (Narrow 0.150)
(LTC DWG # 05-08-1610)
12
LT1097
1097fas sn1097 LT/TP 0398 2K REV A PRINTED IN USA
LINEAR TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION 1989
Linear Technology Corporation
1630 McCarthy Blvd., Milpitas, CA 95035-7417
G
(408) 432-1900
FAX: (408) 434-0507
G
TELEX: 499-3977
G
www.linear-tech.com
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0.1V IN
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ALLEN BRADLEY
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CURRENT AND OFFSET VOLTAGE, LOW NOISE,
AND LOW DRIFT WITH TIME AND TEMPERATURE.
+

LT1097
Input Amplifier for 4 1/2 Digit Voltmeter
U
TYPICAL APPLICATIO
Over-The-Top is a trademark of Linear Technology Corporation.