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A. Embassy of India, Address - 77, Cinnah Caddesi, Çankaya, 06680, Ankara (Turkey) Other Contact numbers in the Mission Telephones (Chancery) Fax (Chancery) Email addresses: Ambassador’s office Head of Chancery Website – www.indembassy.org.tr B. Consulate General of India Cumhuriyet Cad. No. 18(Old) 42(New) Dortler Apt. 7th Floor, Flat No. 11-12 34367, Elmadag, Istanbul 0090-212- 2962131-32 0090-212-2962130 0090-312- 4382195-98 (4 lines) 0090-312-4403429, 4399323
Telephones (Chancery) Fax (Chancery) Email addresses: CG’s office Attache(Admn)
BASIC FACTS ABOUT COUNTRY Name of the country Capital : Republic of Turkey : Ankara
Names of Provinces & Provincial Capitals: Turkey has 81 provinces with the same names as their headquarter cities. These are: Adana, Adiyaman, Afyon, Agri, Aksaray, Amasya, Ankara, Antalaya, Ardahan, Artvin, Aydin, Balikesir, Bartin, Batman, Bayburt, Bilecik, Bingol, Bitlis, Bolu, Burdur, Bursa, Canakkale, Cankiri, Corum, Denizli, Diyarbakir, Duzce, Edrine, Elazig, Erzincan, Erzurum, Eskisehir, Gaziantep, Giresun, Gumushane, Hakkari, Hatay, Igdir, Isparta, Istanbul, Izmir, Kahramanmaras, Karabuk, Karaman, Kars, Kastamonu, Kayseri, Kirikkale, Kirklareli, Kirsehir, Kilis, Kocaeli, Konya, Kutahya, Malatya, Manisa, Mardin, Mersin, Mugla, Mus, Nevsehir, Nigde, Ordu, Osmaniye, Rize, Sakarya, Samsun, Siirt, Sinop, Sivas, Sanliurfa, Sirnak, Tekirdag, Tokat, Trabzon, Tunceli, Usak, Van, Yalova, Yozgat, Zonguldak.
Population Currency/Exchange rate Languages spoken
: : :
67.9 million (2000 census), 71.52 million(Est: Dec 08) US$1 = Turkish Lira 1.47 (first week of August 2009) Turkish 26-45E, 36-42N (-) 3.5 hrs IST from October-March (-) 2.5 hrs IST from April-September Mr. Abdullah Gul, President Mr. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Prime Minister Mr.Cemil Cicek, Mr. Bülent Arınç, Mr. Ali Babacan Mr. Ahmet Davutoğlu Mr. Mehmet Simsek Mr. Vecdi Gonŭl Mr. Mehmet Zafer Caglayan Mr. Nihat Ergin www.cankaya.gov.tr www.basbakanlik.gov.tr
Latitude/Longitude of the capital : Time Zone details of the country : Government: President Prime Minister Deputy Prime Ministers Foreign Minister State Minister for Finance Defence Minister State Minister responsible for Foreign Trade Industry and Trade Minister The Central Bank:
Central Bank of Turkey (TCMB), stiklal Cad. 10 Ulus, 06100 Ankara, Turkiye, Tel : 0090 (312) 310 3646, Fax: 3103647 Basic foreign, international trade polices: Turkey seeks membership of the European Union which is central to its foreign policy. Relationship with neighbouring countries and with the MiddleEast, Balkans and the Central Asian/Caucasus countries is another priority area. Economic liberalization was initiated in 1981. Turkey follows liberalized economic policy and has a number of PTA/FTA including Customs Union arrangement with EU. Membership of major multilateral and regional organizations : UN, NATO, OIC, D-8, BSEC, Turkey-EU Customs Union, OECD, ECO, G-20, CSCP Major industries, global companies : Major industrial houses including Koc, Sabanci, Dogan etc. Numerous multinational companies functioning in Turkey Significant economic activities : Textiles & garments, construction, tourism, leather, food processing, automobile, mining, agriculture etc. Global Trade and Investment : Large adverse balance of trade despite high export growth (nearly 60% trade with OECD countries) . 2
Total imports into Turkey : $ 69.3 bn (2003); $97.1 bn (2004); $ 110 bn (2005); $ 133 bn (2006); $ 170 bn (2007), $ 202 bn (2008) Major exporting countries : Russian Federation, Germany, China, Italy, the USA, Iran, UK, Switzerland and Spain Total exports from Turkey : $ 47.2 bn (2003); $62.7 bn (2004); $ 73.1 bn (2005); $ 92 bn (2006), $ 107 bn (2007), $132 bn (2008). Major destinations of exports : Germany, UK, Italy, France, USA, Spain, Netherlands, Iraq, Russia, Greece, Romania, etc. Investments in Turkey Turkey is an attractive country for foreign investors with a business-friendly regulatory environment. It has a large dynamic market with a relatively high quality labour force and location advantage, with easy access to regional markets. It is a member of EU Customs Union, providing access to the large European market. The net foreign direct investment in Turkey was $ 10.03 billion in 2005, 19.92 billion in 2006 and 21.97 billion in 2007. The main beneficiaries of FDI have been hotels, tourism and leisure, textile and auto component sectors and the main sources of investment are USA, UK and Germany. Major Scientific Institutions/Universities: Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Organisation (TUBITAK) Ataturk Bul. 221, Kavaklidere, Ankara, Tel: 0312 4261381 Fax: 0312-4672988, URL: www.tubitak.gov.tr Istanbul Technical University (ITU) Ayazağa Kampüsü 34469 Maslak- STANBUL Tel: 212 285 29 00 212 285 33 33 Faks:212 285 66 10 Website: www.itu.edu.tr Middle East Technical University (METU) Middle East Technical University 06531 Ankara/TURKEY Phone: (+90) (312) 210 2000 99 (Internal) Fax: (+90) (312) 210 1105 E mail: rektor metu.edu.tr Website: www.metu.edu.tr
Important Think Tanks on Foreign Policy related issues : Turkish Asian Centre for Strategic Studies (TASAM) Balaturka Binası, Akçin Sokak, Nu.3, Fener-Balat, 34087 stanbul Phone: +90 212 635 61 51 – 532 60 66 Fax: +90 212 532 58 82 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: http://www.tasam.org International Strategic Research Organization (USAK) Süslü Sokak, No: 2, Mebusevleri, Tandoğan, Ankara. Tel: 0090 312 212 28 86 (PBX) Fax: 0090 312 212 25 84 Email: email@example.com Website: http://www.usak.org.uk, http://www.usak.org.tr http://www.isro.org.uk, http://www.turkishweekly.net Turkish Foreign Policy Institute, Bilkent University, Eastern Campus, Bilkent, Ankara. Tel:0312-2662869/70, Fax 0312-2662871. Website: www.foreignpolicy.org.tr Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV), Bankalar Cad. No 2, K3, 34420, Karakoy, Istanbul, Tel: 0212-2928903, Fax: 0212-2929046 Website: www.tesev.org.tr The Turkish Economic and Social Studies Foundation (TESEV) Bankalar Caddesi, Minerva Han, No.2, Kat.3, Karaköy, stanbul, 34420, Turkey Phone: +90 (212) 292 89 03 Fax: +90 (212) 292 90 46 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Prof. Dr. Güven SAK , Director Economic Policy Research Foundation of Turkey(TEPAV) Söğütözü Cad. No:43 TOBB-ETÜ Yerleşkesi 2. Kısım, 06560 Söğütözü - Ankara Tel: +90 312 292 5500 Fax: +90 312 292 5555 E mail: email@example.com Website: www.tepav.org.tr Centre for Eurasian Strategic Studies (ASAM), Konrad Adenauer Cad. 61, Yildiz, Ankara. Tel: 0312-4916070, Fax: 0312-4916099, Website: www.avsam.org Centre for Advanced Strategy, Kuleli Sok. No. 44/2, GOP Ankara. Tel: 0312-4375672, Fax:4375673. Website: www.yuksekstrateji.org
Major Tourist attractions: The country is full of Hittite, Hellenistic and Roman period architectural monuments. Istanbul, Antalya, Izmir, Pamukkale, Trabzon and Bodrum are among many major tourist destinations. Major art forms/ cultural traditions and venues/ museums : Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara Ethnographical Museum, Ankara Museum of Natural History, Ankara St. Sophia Museum (Aya Sophia), Istanbul Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul Sultanahmet Mosque (Blue Mosque), Istanbul
Major Newspapers/Magazine/TV Channels with contact details : Anadolu Ajansı (AA) Haber Dairesi, Ic haberler Md. Serdar Dogan, Dis haberler Md.-Ceyhun Erguven, Haber dairesi, Ankara. Tel: (0312)231 70 00(19Lines) Fax:231 21 74, Haber dairesi fax: 2324394 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.anadoluajansi.com.tr Hürriyet Hurriyet Medya Towers 34544 Gunesli- stanbul Tel: (0212)677 00 00; 677 03 44 • Fax: (0212)677 03 40 URL: http://www.hurriyet.com.tr Posta Doğan Medya Center 34554 Bağcılar- stanbul Tel: (0212)505 61 11 • Fax: (0212)505 65 20 E-mail: email@example.com Turkish Daily News ran Cad. Karum s Merkezi No: 443 Kavaklıdere-Ankara Tel: (0312) 468 91 78; 468 99 85 Fax: (0312)468 75 01 URL: http://www.turkishdailynews.com Today’s Zaman, Fevzi Cakmak, MH.A. Taner, Kislal, Caddesi No.6, 34194, Bahcelievler, Istanbul, Turkey. Tel: (0212) 4541444, Fax: (0212) 4541497, Website: www.todayszaman.com Haber Türk Tevfik Bey Mah. 20 Temmuz Cad. No: 24 Kucukcekmece- stanbul Tel: (0212)598 98 80 • Fax: (0212)598 9883 URL: http://www.haberturk.com.tr Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT) TRT Sitesi Turan Gunes Bul. Cankaya-Ankara Tel: (0312)490 43 00 Fax: (0312)490 1109; 490 44 94 URL: http://www.trt.net.com.tr 5 Cumhuriyet Turkocağı Cad. No: 39/41 34334 Cağaloğlu- stanbul Tel: (0212)512 05 05 • Fax: (0212)513 85 95 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.cumhuriyet.com.tr
Milliyet Doğan Medya Center 34554 Bağcılar- stanbul Tel: (0212)505 61 11 • Fax: (0212)505 62 33 URL: http://www.milliyet.com.tr E-mail: email@example.com Radikal Doğan Medya Center 34554 Bağcılar- stanbul Tel: (0212)505 61 11; 505 65 87 Fax:(0212)505 65 80; 505 65 92 URL: http://www.radikal.com.tr Türkiye 29 Ekim Cad. No: 23 34530 Yenibosna –Istanbul 5 Tel: (0212)454 30 00 • Fax: (0212)454 20 30 URL: http://www.turkiyegazetesi.com ETV Rıhtım Cad. No: 26 Kadıkoy- stanbul Tel: (0216)414 84 02 • Fax: (0216)414 7310 URL: http://www.eytv.com.tr NTV Eskibuyukdere Cad. Uso Center No: 59 80660 Maslak- stanbul Tel: (0212)335 00 00 • Fax: (0212)330 0050 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org URL: http://www.ntv.com.tr CNN Türk Hurriyet Medya Towers 34544 Gunesli- stanbul Tel: (0212)478 50 00 Fax: (0212)478 58 05; 478 58 55 URL: http://www.cnn.com.tr
II. INDIA-TURKEY RELATIONS During the Turkish War of Independence, the people of India contributed funds for the Turkish cause – which was partly used to train and assist the Turkish Army and partly for establishing the first Turkish bank (Isbank). Diplomatic relations between India and Turkey were established in 1948. Political Relations: Bilateral relations are characterized by warmth and cordiality. The two countries share common values including commitment to secularism and democratic principles. Indian economic progress and technological advancement have been instrumental in recent upsurge in interest towards India in Turkey. Important Bilateral Treaties and Agreements: Bilateral Trade Agreement (1973), Agreement to set up the Joint Economic Commission at Ministerial Level (1983), Civil Aviation Agreement (1986), Doubel Taxation Avoidance Agreement & Agreement on Tourism Cooperation (1995), Bilateral Investment Protection and Promotion Agreement (1998), Agreement on Prevention of Illicit Trafficking in Narcotics and Psychotropic Substances (1998), MOU between CSIR and Turkish S&T Research Institute (TUBITAK) (1998), MOU between National Centre of Trade Promotion and Export Promotion Centre of Turkey on exchange of Trade Information (1998), MOU on the Establishment of a Political Consultation Mechanism between MEA and Turkish MFA (2000), MOU on Cooperation in Agriculture (2000), MOU on Cooperation in the Railway Sector (2000), Extradition Treaty (2001), Agreement on Tourism Cooperation (2002), MOU on Bilateral Air Services Agreement (2003), Agreement for Cooperation in S&T (2003), Protocol on Cooperation in IT and Computer Software (2003), Protocol for setting up a JWG on Combating Terrorism (2003), MOU for Cooperation in the Field of Oil & Natural Gas (2005), Agreement for mutual exemption of visa requirement for holders of diplomatic passports(2008). Bilateral visits: Maulana Azad, as Minister of Education, was the first Indian dignitary to visit Turkey in 1951. The visit of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in 1960 was the first Prime Ministerial visit. Visits of Prime Minister Turgut Ozal to India in 1986 and Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi to Turkey in 1988 ushered in intensive interaction. This was followed by the visits of Turkish President General Kenan Evren (1989), Indian President Shankar Dayal Sharma (1993), Turkish President Suleyman Demirel (1995), President K.R. Narayanan (1998), Vice-President Krishan Kant (1998), Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee (2003) and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (2008). Commercial and Economic Relations: Institutional arrangement in terms of Joint Economic Commission, Joint Working Group on Trade and Economic Issues and Joint Business Council exists. India-Turkey Bilateral Trade (in US$ million) 2002 564.0 69.5 633.5 2003 718.8 71.4 790.2 2004 1043 136 1179 2005 1,274.4 219.8 1,494.2 2006 1,579.0 222.0 1,801.0 2007 2,300.0 347.0 2,647.0 2008 2457.48 543.0 3000.48
India’s Export Turkey’s export Total
The major items of India’s exports to Turkey include cotton yarn, synthetic yarn, organic dyes, organic chemicals, denim, steel (bars and rods), granite, antibiotics, carpets, unwrought zinc, sesame seed, TV CRTs, mobile handsets, clothing and apparel. Turkey’s exports to India includes poppy seed, auto components, marble, textile machinery, denim, carpets, cumin seeds, minerals (vermiculite, perlite and chlorites) and fittings and steel products. Indian companies in Turkey: More than 60 Indian companies have registered businesses in Turkey in the form of joint ventures, trade and representative offices. IRCON undertook railway projects in nineties. Kalpataru, in association with Barmek, a Turkish company undertook electricity transmission projects in Turkey in 2003. Punj Lloyd, in association with LIMAK, a Turkish construction company, constructed a segment of the Baku-Ceyhan pipeline. An Indian company Polyplex set up a polyplex film manufacturing factory in Chorlu, Turkey in 2005 with a total capital investment of US $ 60 million. The production from the factory is utilized mostly for exporting to West European countries and partly to Turkish market. Indo-Rama Group started a production unit for polyester fibre. TATA Motors have an existing tie-up with Mesin Limited of Isotlar Group for marketing and after sale service for TATA vehicles in Turkey. For past few years, they have been selling TATA Pickup vehicles in Turkey. In February 2005, TATA Motors launched their Passenger Vehicles in Turkey. This included TATA Indica and TATA Indigo models. TATA Motors has started an Assembly Unit in Adana for assembly of TATA buses primarily for export to Middle East. Mahindra & Mahindra has formed a joint venture marketing network with ILCE Otomotiv Servis ve Ticaret A.S. for its utility vehicles and tractors in Turkey. Approval for utility vehicles has been obtained. Limak Constructions, a consortium of GMR Infrastructure Ltd and Malaysia Airport Holding won a BOT contract of Euro 1.932 bn for building a new international passenger terminal at the Sabiha Gokcen Airport in Istanbul. Industrial houses such as Reliance, Ispat, Aditya Birla Group etc have established their trading offices in Turkey to look for opportunities in the market here. Tractors and Farm Equipment Ltd(TAFE), a Chennai-based company of the Amalgamations group, has announced on October 13 2008 that it plans to set up a tractor manufacturing plant in Turkey. This $ 20 million plant to be operational in 2009 and this plant will have an initial capacity of 15,000 units/year.
The Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL), in collaboration with Çalik Enerji of Turkey, was granted license for establishing an oil refinery with a capacity of 15 million tons a year in Ceyhan, envisaging a total investment of approx. US$ 5 billion. The project would primarily focus on exports to the European markets and the USA. S&T Relations, cooperation in other fields such as Railways, Space, IT, Biotechnology, Infrastructure, Mining : MOU between CSIR and TUBITAK, MOU between NCTP and IGEME, MOU for agricultural cooperation, Agreement on cooperation in S&T, Protocol on cooperation in IT, MOU on Cooperation in Oil & Natural Gas. Education cooperation: Ankara University and Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi; and Viswa Bharti University (Santiniketan) and Boazıcı University (Istanbul) have entered into MoU for cooperation in 2000. Under the auspices of ICCR, since 1995 an Indian professor in Hindi language has been attached on deputation with the Department of Indology in Ankara University. Two Turkish language professors have been sent to JNU and Jamia Milia Islamia University to teach Turkish. Yuce College in Ankara has tied up with M/s APTECH for offering IT training courses in different Turkish cities under APTEC brand name. Presently, courses are offered in Ankara, Istanbul and Denizli. NIIT has started a similar venture at smaller scale in Istanbul. NIIT has provided its services in setting up an Information Technology lab at the Bahcesehır University in Istanbul. ITEC Assistance and programmes: 40 ITEC scholarships annually are earmarked for Turkey. Utilization has been very good. Details of Indian credit Lines / Official Assistance: Nil Exchange of Cultural Troupes From India: Rajasthan Folk Dance Group from 25th January to 31st January, 2000 – ICCR. Visit of 10-member “Karagam Dummy Horse Folk Dance Group” led by Mr. Nadirao Raju Rao, from 22-24th October, 2000 – ICCR. Visit of 13-member “Avishkar” (folk dance group from Gujarat) led by Kalpesh Babubhai Dalal from 22-27 January, 2001 – ICCR. Visit of 11-member UP Folk Dance Group led by Ms. Ruchi Anurag Telang from 29th September to 5th October, 2001 – ICCR. Visit of 5-member Bharatnatyam Dance troupe led by Ms. Meenakshi Chitharanjan from 3-5 February, 2003 – ICCR. 8
Visit of 8-member Sufiana Kathak Dance Group led by Ms. Vaishali Trivedi from 20-23 August, 2003. Visit of four-member Bharatnatyam Dance Troupe led by Dr. Ragini Chandrasekhar and threemember music troupe led by Santoor Player Shri O.P. Chaurasia in September, 2003 –ICCR. Visit of 15-member Bhangra/Giddha Dance Troupe led by Mr. Ashwini Kumar from 18-23 April, 2004 –ICCR. Visit of a Kuchipudi Folklore Dance Group in June 2005. Visit of 9-member Bharathanatyam troupe sponsored by ICCR and led by Ms. Prathibha Prahlad and Sitar Maestro Prateek Chowdhury visited Istanbul, Bursa, Izmir in May 2008. From Turkey: A group of whirling Dervishes participated in Jahan-e-Khusro festival in India in February 2003 and 2004. Another troupe visited India in October 2007. Student Exchange Programmes: Four scholarships under ICCR scheme are granted each year to Turkish students for pursuing UG/PG degree courses and research work. Any Sister City relations with India: None Important streets, public places named after Indian leaders: Mahatma Gandhi Street, Rajiv Gandhi Street and Rabindranath Tagore Street, all in Ankara. Types of visas issued (by Turkish Embassy in New Delhi), and visa details for officials, students, business people, tourists, etc. from India. S.N. Type of visa 1. Tourist 2. 3. 4. 5. Transit Business Student visa Employment Visa India from Turkish nationals $40/- (6 months) Multiple entry, $65/-(1 year) Multiple entry $20/- (15 days) Single/Double entry $120/- (1 year Multiple entry) Turkey from Indian nationals $45/- / Rs.2200/- Single entry $ 45/- / Rs. 2200/- Single entry $ 90/- / Rs.4400/- Double entry $150/- / Rs.7200/- Multiple entry Single/Transit or Multiple entry
All other visas
$75/- (upto 5 years or for the Single entry/ Transit/ Multiple duration of the course, which ever is entry less) $ 100/- (for 6 months) Multiple entry Work Permit – Multiple entry $ 140/- (for 1 year) Multiple entry. $ 220/- (for more than 1 year and upto 5 years) $80/- (for 6 months) Multiple entry $120/- (for 1 year) Multiple entry.
Air links with India/Convenient Travel Routes: Direct daily flights operated by Turkish Airlines between Istanbul and New Delhi and between Istanbul and Mumbai. Other connections are through Dubai. Indian Banks: State Bank of India opened its Representative Office in Istanbul in 2006. Addresses of branch offices of other Indian Government and Public Sector organizations, Chambers of Commerce, etc.: Nil. Name, Address and contact details of Indian Culture Centres: None Links to local organizations dealing with India: Websites of TOBB (Union of Chambers & Commodity Exchanges of Turkey) and Foreign Economic Relations Board (DEIK) of TOBB given below: http://www.tobb.org.tr http://www.deik.tr
Estimated NRI/PIO population: Nearly 342 Indian Nationals, mostly in Istanbul working in commercial organizations, banks, computer firms, IT sector and as lecturers in Universities in Turkey . Important NRI/PIO Associations and their contact details: Friends of India Association, Istanbul. Major Indian ethnic papers / TV channels with contact details: None NRI/PIOs holding significant public offices: None. ***************** 14 August 2009
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