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# ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION

## 24032-ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION

UNIT I -- D.C. CIRCUITS AND THEOREMS
Definition and unit for voltage, current, power, resistance, conductance, resistivity ohms law only simple
problems in ohms law- Kirchoffs current law and voltage law. Series circuits parallel circuits series parallel
circuits Thevenins, Nortons, super position and maximum power transfer theorem Statement and explanation (
simple problems two sources with four resistors).
UNIT II -- A.C. CIRCUITS AND RESONANCE
A.C. CIRCUITS : AC through single pure resistance, pure inductance, pure capacitance - voltage and current
relationship - and (to mention only) the equation for power and power factor in each case ( only simple
problems).Definition for impedance, reactance, admittance, conductance, phase angle, power factor and power. AC
circuits Derivation only for impedance, power and power factor in Series R-L, R-C, R-L-C circuits. Analysis of
Parallel R-L circuit, R-C circuit, R-L-C circuit (qualitative treatment only )
RESONANCE: Resonance - series resonance parallel resonance - condition for resonance resonant frequency- Q
factor - resonance curve - bandwidth (only simple problems).
UNIT III -- TRANSFORMERS AND MACHINES
TRANSFORMERS : Transformer Ideal transformer construction - working principle EMF equation -Losses in
transformer- core loss, copper loss- Efficiency- Regulation- OC, SC test on transformer List of applications
(qualitative treatment only )
MACHINES : D.C Machines - DCGenerator Working principle - Types- Applications - DC motor- working
principle -types- applications (qualitative treatment only). Single phase Induction motor-Types- construction &
principle of operation of capacitor start induction motor- Applications- stepper motor-working principle-uses
(qualitative treatment only).
UNIT IV -- MEASURING INSTRUMENTS AND CRO
MEASURING INSTRUMENTS: Indicating instruments Basic forces for indicating instruments- construction and
operation of permanent magnet moving coil Instrument-Advantages Disadvantages of PMMC -Shunts and
Multipliers- DC ammeter-DC volt meter-volt meter sensitivity. Bridges- Types - Wheat stone bridge - applications
Universal impedance bridge arrangements to measure R,L,C.
CRO : CRO - Block diagram and principle of operation of CRO- operation of CRT -Electrostatic focusing-
Electrostatic deflection (no derivation) - Block diagram of vertical deflection system- Applications of CRO- Types of
CRO- Block diagram and operation of dual trace CRO- dual beam CRO comparison between dual trace and dual
beam CRO Digital storage oscilloscope Block diagram- advantages.
UNIT V: RECORDERS, TRANSDUCERS & TEST INSTRUMENTS
RECORDERS: Recorders Types- X-Y recorder Strip chart recorder list of applications - comparison between
X-Y recorder and strip chart recorder.
TRANSDUCERS: Transducers classification of transducer-Strain gauge - Types-uses. Construction, operation and
applications of photo electric transducer, LVDT and Load cell. Principle of working of thermocouple-Temperature
measurement using thermocouple list of applications- Principle of working of Thermistor Temperature
measurement using thermistors Types (NTC, PTC) List of applications .
TEST INSTRUMENTS: Digital voltmeter Types ( to list only ) - Basic block diagram of DVM Block diagram of
based Data Acquisition system Block diagram.

ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I
24035 - ELECRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION PRACTICAL
Course Name : Electronics and Communication Engineering
Subject code : 24035
Semester : III Semester
Subject title : Electrical Circuits And Instrumentation Practical

Allocation of marks
Circuit Diagram : 20
Connection : 25
Execution & Handling Of Equipment : 15
Output / Result : 10
Viva Voce : 05
_________________________________________________
Total : 75
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS
Note:
1. All students must have his own soldering iron and multimeter
2. At least 10 experiments should be constructed using breadboard / soldering
3. Different component value should be given for EACH batch of students.
1. Construct a circuit to verify ohms law
2. Construct a circuit to verify kirchoffs voltage and current law
3. Construct a circuit to verify super position theorem
4. Construct a circuit to verify Thevenins Theorem
5. Construct a circuit to verify Nortons Theorem
6. Construct a circuit to verify maximum power transfer Theorem
7. Construct and test the performance of series resonant circuit and parallel resonant circuit
8. Calibrate the given ammeter and voltmeter
9. Extend the range of given voltmeter and ammeter
10. Construct and test the performance of Wheatstone bridge
11. Measure the amplitude and frequency of signals using dual trace CRO
12. Measure the frequency and phase angle using CRO by Lissajous figure
13. Measure voltage and current using CRO
14. Test the performance of LVDT
15. Measure strain using strain gauge.
16. Determine the characteristics of a thermistor
17. Test the performance of a load cell
18. Construct and test the performance of a photo electric transducer
Subject Attendance
(Award of marks for subject attendance to each subject Theory/Practical will be as per the range given below)
80% - 83% 1 Marks
84% - 87% 2 Marks
88% - 91% 3 Marks
92% - 95% 4 Marks
96% - 100% 5 Marks

~~ALL THE BEST~~ Sukesh.R Lec/ECE
GRG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore.
ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I
UNIT I --- D.C. CIRCUITS AND THEOREMS

1.Define current and mention its unit.
(conductor) electron- current , I .
unit - amphere(A).
2. Define power and mention its unit.
Power(P) . (OR) voltage- current-
. P= V* I. Unit - Watts(W).
3. Define amphere.
(conductor) coulomb charge
current amphere .
4.Define voltage or potential difference.
(conductor) (voltage)
. Unit - Volt.
5. Define resistance.
(conductor) current- resistance . R
. unit - ohm().
6. Mention laws of resistance OR Mention the factors affecting resistance.
Resistance 1. length(l)- , 2. area(a)- , 3.material-
, 4. Temperature- . R= l / a
7. Define conductance.
Resistance Conductance . G . Unit - mho().
8. Define Energy.
Energy . E . Unit -Watts/sec.
Energy =power * time E =P*t
9. State ohms law.
(conductor) current- (conductor)
(voltage) .
V I V=IR.
10. State the two types of Kirchoffs laws.
Kirchoffs current law
Kirchoffs voltage law
~~ALL THE BEST~~ Sukesh.R Lec/ECE
GRG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore.
ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I
11. State Kirchoffs current law.
junction- current- (Zero).
junction- current- = junction- current-

12. State Kirchoffs voltage law.
(closed circuit) voltage- (Zero).
Voltage drops- =voltage rise(Supply) -
13. Give the expression of power.
P=V*I OR P=I
2
R OR P=V
2
/ R
14. Give the equivalent resistance expression for resistor connected in series.
Req =1 + 2 + 3
15. Give the equivalent resistance expression for resistor connected in parallel.
Req=
12
1+2

16. State Super position theorem.
circuit sources(Supply) , resistor-
current- , source resistor- current-
.
17. State Thevenins theorem.
two terminal network- voltage source () resistance ()- series-
simple circuit .
18. State Nortons theorem.
two terminal network- current source (I
N
) resistance (R
N
)- parallel -
simple circuit .
19. State maximum power transfer theorem
network- maximum power- transfer load resistor(R
L
)- Source(internal)
resistor .
19. What is the condition for maximum power transfer?
Maximum power- transfer
Load resistor = Source(internal) resistor R
L
=Rs.
20. Give the formula for finding load current in Nortons circuit.
I
L
=

~~ALL THE BEST~~ Sukesh.R Lec/ECE
GRG Polytechnic College, Coimbatore.
ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS AND INSTRUMENTATION Unit - I
21. Give the formula for finding load current in Nortons circuit.
I
L
=

22. Draw the Thevenins equivalent circuit.

23. Draw the Nortons equivalent circuit.

22.Write the equation for maximum power.
Pmax=

25. Draw the equivalent circuit of Maximum power transfer theorem.

Part B----- 12 Marks
1. Explain Ohms law. (4 Marks)
2. Explain kirchoffs law. (8 marks)
3. Derive the equation for series and parallel circuit.
4. Write & Explain the step by step procedure of Theveniss theorem.
5. Write & Explain the step by step procedure of Nortons theorem.
6. Write & Explain the step by step procedure of super position theorems theorem
7. Write the equation for Maximum power transfer theorem.
8. Problems on Theorems
RN
IN

R
N

I
N

R
L

Vth

Rth
Vs
Rs
R
L

Rs=R
L

Vth

Rth