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VM-4/05.2008/Art.-Nr. 06110980

VM-4/05.2008/Art.-Nr. 06110980 Author: Hubert Oggermüller Approval: May 2008 VM / Dr. Alexander Risch Non-black

Author:

Hubert Oggermüller

Approval:

May 2008

Author: Hubert Oggermüller Approval: May 2008 VM / Dr. Alexander Risch Non-black Fillers in EPDM Extrusion

VM / Dr. Alexander Risch

Non-black Fillers in EPDM Extrusion Formulation (peroxide cured)

HOFFMANN MINERAL GmbH • P.O. Box 14 60 • D-86619 Neuburg (Donau) • Phone (+49-84 31) 53-0 • Fax (+49-84 31) 53-3 30 Internet: www.hoffmann-mineral.com • e-Mail: info@hoffmann-mineral.com

Summary

Two classes of filler are suitable for extrusion processing, particularly when special profiles must be produced. The products based on Neuburg Siliceous Earth and calcined clay produced the best extrusion properties among the non-black fillers tested. Neuburg Siliceous Earth has a clear advantage here in terms of price to performance ratio. Surface-treated AKTISIL VM 56 wins on cost compared to untreated calcined clay, at the same time providing better tensile strength, a higher modulus and a lower change of elongation at break after ageing.

Where emphasis is placed on mechanical properties, combining the active filler with carbon black or precipitated silica (or silicates in the case of non-black applications) is a solution. Here the recipe must be adapted to fit the specific needs involved.

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Non-black Fillers in EPDM Extrusion Formulation (peroxide cured)

Test Compound

EPDM, 55 % Ethylene, medium diene-content ML (1+8) 125 °C, approx. 82 1

100

Zinc oxide 2

5

Stearic acid

2

Calcium oxide coated by special dispersion agents 80 %³

10

Filler

250/110/75

Diethylene glycol (DEG), as indicated

0/3/5

Paraffinic oil 4

60

Triallyl-cyanurate 50 % 5

3

Bis(t-butylperoxy-isopropyl)benzene 40 % 6

8

Regarding precipitated silica and the different types of precipitated silicate additional compounds with 3 phr DEG were examined. To obtain an adequate cross linking the various hard clays need the use of 5 phr DEG.

Curing was carried out in a press at 180 °C. The curing time was t 90 + 10 %.

Please mind!

trend analysis, which only can be the basis

The following figures show

for specific problems solving.

Filler:

Loading:

Precipitated Silica Precipitated Silicates Carbon Black All others

75 phr

110

phr

110

phr

250

phr

Open Mill Batch Temperature Time of mixing

150 x 300 mm 500 cm³

50

°C

15 to 20 min

Extruder

d = 30 mm L/D = 15

Temperature of barrel Temperature of head

70

°C

110 °C

Applied in this test compound:

(1)

Vistalon 7500 , Exxon

(2)

Zinkoxyd aktiv, Bayer

(3)

Kezadol GR, Kettlitz

(4)

Sunpar 2280, Sun Oil Company

(5)

TAC 50 %, Kettlitz

(6)

Perkadox 14/40, Akzo

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Contents

Index of Compound Costs

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Properties of Raw Compound

Mooney Viscosity ML (1+4) at 120 °C

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Mooney Scorch t 5 (ML) at 120 °C

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Extrudability (Quality), Rating Garvey-Profile

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Extrudability (Quality), Torque of Extruder

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Extrudability (Quantity), Maximum of Extrusion Speed

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Extrudability (Quantity), Torque of Extruder

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Rotorless Cure Meter, t 5 at 180 °C

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Rotorless Cure Meter, t 90 at 180 °C

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Properties of Vulcanizate

Tensile Strength

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Elongation at Break

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Modulus

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Hardness

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Tear Resistance

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Rebound Elasticity

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Abrasion

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Compression Set

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Properties after Air Ageing

Change of Tensile Strength

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Change of Elongation at Break

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Change of Hardness

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Change of Tear Resistance

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Annex

Pictures of extrusion profiles

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Our technical service suggestions and the information contained in this report are based on experience and are made to the best of our knowledge and belief, but must nevertheless be regarded as non-binding advice subject to no guarantee. Working and employment conditions over which we have no control exclude any damage claims arising from the use of our data and recommendations. Furthermore, we cannot assume any responsibility for any patent infringements which might result from the use of our information.

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Annex:

Extrusion Profiles

Annex: Extrusion Profiles Page 25

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