Nato and Ukraine-survey | Nato | Ukraine


The survey was conducted among the students of the 3rd and 4th courses (grades 10 – 11). It was anonymous, but some students gave their names, and we’d really appreciate their special opinions to be published later. Every group was polled. The total of 161 students answered the questions. Sometimes they chose more than one possible answer, so the percentage sometimes exceeds 100 per cent. A person cannot make a solid decision unless the matter is studied and clarified. One of the main goals of the survey was to find out how well our senior students know facts about the famous NATO. Abbreviation “NATO” stands for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and 91% of the students know that. However, about 8% gave funny answers, and 3 persons admitted their ignorance. What does NATO do? It did not appear to be a difficult question. 86% answered it, actually, in an officially correct way: “safeguards the freedom and security of its members by political and military means”. However, 5% are quite convinced that NATO ensures the US corporations’ control over the world’s market, 2% are sure it wages war against all the progressive people in the world. Only 3% could not answer it. At the same time there were comments from 5.5% of the polled. They were the following (the repeated comments are omitted): • • • •

Supports the aggressive policy of the USA. Is conquering the world. Carries out acts of terror. Destroys peace in the world. Maintains peace in the world. (Quite the opposite, isn’t it?)

The NATO member countries remain, unfortunately, virtually unknown by the majority of our students. Only 10% of the polled know them precisely, 76% can name them more or less correctly, but 18% do not have a slightest idea what they were asked about. For some unknown reasons many of the polled did not attribute Turkey (such a prominent member since 1952!) to the NATO. Norway comes the second neglected. A lot of guys do not realize, probably, that such popular and frequently visited holiday destinations as Poland, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania and Spain – are all NATO members!

The procedure of joining the NATO is viewed differently by our students. The first question in this area was about the redundant factors. 53% think that mighty armed forces are not needed to join the NATO (and that’s correct!) 9% just failed to answer. The rest answers were wrong. To join the NATO a country needs support from EACH member of the organization (16% disagreed). Democracy and responsible leadership (lack of visible corruption) are the musts for joining (8% and 18% do not see them as such). The second question was about the factors that can prevent a country to become a NATO member. 43% gave the right answer: “a territorial dispute with another country”. However popular were options like “poverty” (30%), “lack of military-industrial complex” (20%) or “borders with NATO enemies” (6%) – they were all incorrect. Only 2% failed to answer. NATO military operations seem to create a real mess in the minds of our students. Or is mass-media disorienting them? NATO forces are seen where there are none, and not observed where they are! Although 43% of the students are not sure about Afghanistan, only 38% know about permanent UN-mandated NATO’s presence in the country, where the troops do their best to fight Taliban terrorists, maintain peace and support the democratically elected leadership. 19% are sure there are no NATO troops in Afghanistan. Iraq is thought to be occupied by NATO forces by 58% (!) of the polled… Amazing. There are no NATO troops, and there have never been any (only 8% know that). 34% said they didn’t know. You do now: there is a small NATO-member countries’ POLICE mission (not military), which trains the Iraqi law-enforcement officers. Ukraine’s plans as to joining the NATO are unknown for mere 2% of the polled. 74% know exactly that the country can join the NATO only after an all-national poll. However, 15% think that Ukraine will join the NATO very soon, and 11% believe that it will never happen. The consequences of Ukraine’s possible joining the NATO is seen in a wide range of opinions. Only 2% failed to answer the question. The majority of 65% believe that Ukraine will feel safer as a NATO member. At the same time, 30% expect that the NATO military bases on the Ukrainian soil will be targeted by NATO’s enemies. (Does anybody know that such thing as “NATO base” does not exist?) 8.5% are afraid that Ukraine will lose its sovereignty, and 4% predict the death of Ukrainian industry. 5.5% think that Ukraine will betray its ideals. (It was interesting to find out that contemporary Ukraine has some.) As many as 8.5% gave their comments: • Economy will die. • Everybody will live better.

• •

Ukraine will receive powerful international support. Russia will aim its missiles at us, and will sell us gas at European prices. Ukraine will completely submit itself under the US influence. Russia will go mad!

• • • • • •

We will die! The Crimea will remain Ukrainian. Russia will be fooled. There will be threat of a military conflict with Russia. We’ll become Europe, at last! The level of the national security will drop.

Ukrainian political forces are evaluated by our students quite adequately. Only 5% don’t know anything about the parties’ attitude to the NATO issues. According to our students the leading anti-NATO forces in Ukraine are the Party of Regions (74%), the Progressive Socialist Party (64%), and the Communist Party (57%). For some unknown reasons the pro-NATO “NU-NS” was mentioned as an anti-NATO force by 5.5%, the BYuT by 6.2% and Lytvin’s Block by 16%. Our students’ parents share their political attitudes with 53% of their kids. The older the children are the more serious issues are discussed in the families. There is enough information about the NATO for 20% of our students, 28% are not interested in things like that, but 52% need more. (Here you are, get more!) To sum up, the survey showed that the issue of Ukraine’s plans as to joining the NATO will probably be supported by our future voters. Only 10.5% consider the NATO to be our enemy, 51% don’t care, but 38.5% see the NATO as Ukraine’s friend.
The results were summarized by O.Zabolotnyi.

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