Peraturan Statutori Ship Recycling Convention

Kelompok 3

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Contents
Introduction Background History Content of Ship Recycling Convention Preparation for Ship Recycling

Weakness of Ship Recycling Convention

Introduction

Introduction
Ship Recycling
is a type of ship disposal involving the breaking up of ships for scrap recycling, with the hulls being discarded in ship graveyards. Most ships have a lifespan of a few decades before there is so much wear that refitting and repair becomes uneconomical. Ship breaking allows materials from the ship, especially steel, to be reused. Equipment on board the vessel can also be reused.

Background
Ship Recycling

Business

Health & Environment

Profitable Commodity (Steel Scrap)

Noxious & Harmful Substances (B3)

History
History of Ship Recycling Convention
Basel Convention (1980)
draft regulations concerning the tightening of the following toxic waste disposal derivatives of the environmental impacts

Basel Convention (1980)

The Conference of The Parties (1990)
Ratification countries of Basel Convention

The Conference Of The Parties (1990)

Hong Kong International Convention (2009)
Adopted by IMO. Latest convention to ensure that the ship was recycled after reaching the end of their operational life, not cause unwanted risks in safety and human health or the environment

Hong Kong International Convention (2009)

Content of Ship Recycling Convention
Adoption Mei 2009 Application
All Ships > 500 GT

exception :
- All Ships < 500 GT - War Ships - Government (Non-commercial) ships

Content of Ship Recycling Convention
It is intended that the Convention will provide regulations for: • the design, construction, operation and preparation of ships so as to facilitate safe and environmentally sound recycling, without compromising the safety and operational efficiency of ships • the operation of ship recycling facilities in a safe and environmentally sound manner • the establishment of an appropriate enforcement mechanism for ship recycling, incorporating certification and reporting requirements.

Hazardous Material
Fuel, lubricant, and cooler Plastic and styrofoam PCB Mud Water ballast Fiber.

Materials on the ship which contain potentially hazardous substances
Electrical equipment (e.g., transformer) Cooler Scrubber Heat exchanger Chemical stored facility Tank PCB Fire extinguisher Hose Pump and compressor Engine and generator Oil sumps Hydraulic system

Green Passport
Document, containing an inventory of all materials potential hazardous to human health or the environment Produced by the shipyard at the construction stage and passed to the purchaser of the vessel Final owner delivering it, with the vessel, to the recycling yard.

Preparation for Ship Recycling
Prior to delivery of the ship to recycling facility
Finalize a contract, including ship recycling plan

Ship Owner
Report of the finalization of the contract

Recyling Facility
Report the finalization of the contract and send a copy of the agreed ship recycling plan

Flag State

information

Recycling State

Ship Scrapping in Asia ‘02-’05

Weakness of Ship Recycling Convention
Impact for the people in poor countries Lack of awareness among producers / owners of vessels to internalize the costs of risk Lack of toxin-free design in the shipbuilding industry

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