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INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1

Nowadays the technology has developed and grows up very fast. The technology has changed our life became easier. Usually the people wash the hand by manual and bacteria will infection to our when the people touch the pipe. Now the technology is apply when wash the hand where we call it an Automatic Hand Wash. This machine became our trend where it made during our wash the hand easier and clean.

The machines have control the water, soap, and dryer in automatically. This project can get publicity from people because it more to easier when use it. These machines perform the wash and increase hand washing compliance better than manual hand washing methods.

This machine is designed to combine three functions in one device which it more systematic and particular. This project will reduce the usage of water because all of the washer hand will be an automatically.

OBJECTIVE

Everything in the world is done on the objectives that have been set earlier. Without the objectives, the previous might drift away from the right track during the project management. This project focuses on the following three (3) objectives:

  • 1. To limit the used of water and soap for avoid wastage

  • 2. Facilitate hand wash process without touch the water pipe

  • 3. Accelerate hand wash process without take a long time

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PROBLEM STATEMENT

  • 1. Wasteful used of the water and soap during hand wash process

  • 2. The touching of the pipe during hand wash process, complicate for users

  • 3. Hand wash process take long time because the position water, soap, and dryer cannot at same position ( not combined )

SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

Besides setting up the objectives of the project, the scopes of the project should be setting up earlier. The purpose of setting up the project from begin the project is because to make sure that the project is done according to the specifications that have been desired before. The scopes of the project are:

  • 1. Built a circuit for:

    • a. Power supply circuit

    • b. Infrared sensor circuit ( water, soap, dryer )

    • c. Control motor circuit

  • 2. Hardware design and build the project

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    CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW

    Overview

    This chapter reviews existing project created to get an idea about the project design, conception and any information that related to improve the project. This chapter also explains and discuss about source or article that related to the project. It is consist of the products that have been appeared in the market nowadays. This chapter is also contained the theory of the components, equipments and programming that is used in the project.

    Previous Project

    Nowadays, we already have a lot of technologies of an automatic hand washer and dryer machine. So, there are some researches about the types of an automatic hand washer and dryer machine to be used as a guideline in developed the machine for this project. Here, got few last technologies that people out there use for their automatic hand washer and dryer machine.

    2.1 Automatic Sensor Activated Hand Dryers

    3 CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW Overview This chapter reviews existing project created to get an idea

    Figure 2.1: Automatic Sensor Activated Hand Dryers

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    This is a fully Automatic Hand Dryers are activated by an infrared sensor when hands are placed under the air outlet. When the user‟s hands off an automatic hand dryer utilize a maintenance- free brushless motor, capacitor initiated for quick starts. The features include tamper proof bolts and a side mounted heating element which makes the heating element inaccessible through the air outlet. When the control assembly is activated by an infrared optical sensor located next to the air outlet. The dryer shall operate as long as hands are moving under the air outlet. There is a 90 second lockout feature if hands are not removed.

    2.2 Automatic Hand Soap Dispenser

    4 This is a fully Automatic Hand Dryers are activated by an infrared sensor when hands

    Figure 2.2: Automatic Hand Soap Dispenser

    This automatic hand soap dispenser use motion sensor to release soap. The sensor active the pump when it detects movement or placed the hand under soap outlet. This automatic shall operate as long as hand are moving under the soap outlet with counting active pump output soap 2 time.

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    CHAPTER 3

    METHODOLOGY

    In this topic, we need to describe briefly the methods or procedures used to carry out the project, the suitability of the latest technology, including software that will be used. This topic tells how we conduct the project started semester (June 2013) as it contains a flow chart of the overall project implementation, a flow chart of the test circuit / software and research data, Gantt charts, a block and the operation of the circuit.

    3.1

    Introduction

    This chapter consists five main parts: the project planning part for the process flow, the planning for the hardware structure, the hardware implementation and the software implementation parts.

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    • 3.2 Overall Project Flow Chart

    Choose the title of project Reject Submit the title to the lecturer Designed the schematic circuit
    Choose the title of project
    Reject
    Submit the title to the lecturer
    Designed the schematic circuit
    Find the component
    Damages
    Troubleshoot the component
    No function
    Test the trial circuit
    Wiring the circuit to the real port
    Making the casing
    End
    End

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    • 3.3 Gantt Chart Project

    WEEK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
    WEEK
    1
    2 3
    4
    5 6
    7 8
    9
    10 11
    12 13
    14
    15 16
    17
    18
    ACTIVITIES
    Register
    Discussion with
    supervisor
    Preparation for project
    proposal paper
    Sending project
    proposal paper
    Preparation of material
    for obtaining the first
    report
    Sending project
    proposal
    End date of change of
    title of project
    End date first progress
    meeting
    Holiday mid-semester
    Designed schematic
    circuit and wiring
    Running testing process
    Obtaining material for
    preparation of second
    report
    End date conference
    second progress
    Make a improvements
    to project
    Make a improvements
    to report
    Preparation for
    presentation to project
    Project presentation
    Project report received

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    • 3.4 The Flow Chart of Operation of the Circuit

    HAND MOVEMENT
    HAND MOVEMENT
     
    LED REFLECTION LIGHT SENSOR DETECT THE REFLECTION LIGHT PHOTOTRANSISTOR GIVE THE SIGNAL ON IC
    LED REFLECTION LIGHT
    LED REFLECTION LIGHT
     
     
    SENSOR DETECT THE REFLECTION LIGHT
    SENSOR DETECT THE REFLECTION LIGHT
     
     
    PHOTOTRANSISTOR GIVE THE SIGNAL ON IC
    PHOTOTRANSISTOR GIVE THE SIGNAL ON IC
     
    IC OPERATION AND GIVE THE OUTPUT
    IC OPERATION AND GIVE THE OUTPUT
    THE OUTPUT VOLTAGE 9V SOURCE TO RELAY
    THE OUTPUT VOLTAGE 9V SOURCE TO RELAY
    8 3.4 The Flow Chart of Operation of the Circuit HAND MOVEMENT LED REFLECTION LIGHT SENSOR
    THE RELAY ACTIVED THE TIMER TO GET THE OUTPUT OF SOAP
    THE RELAY ACTIVED THE
    TIMER TO GET THE OUTPUT
    OF SOAP
    THE RELAY ACTIVED THE MOTOR TO GET THE OUTPUT OF WATER
    THE RELAY ACTIVED THE
    MOTOR TO GET THE
    OUTPUT OF WATER
    RELAY ACTIVED THE MOTOR TO DRYER
    RELAY ACTIVED THE MOTOR
    TO DRYER

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    • 3.5 Schematic Diagram

    9 3.5 Schematic Diagram

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    • 3.6 Description Circuit

    The infrared proximity sensor is intended for the recognition of obstructions at distances of a few millimeters to a few centimeters. In our circuit, the proximity sensor assembly is built from a infrared light emitting diode and a photo transistor .A relay at the output of the circuit enables larger dc or ac mains operated loads (for example, the motor pump water and air hot blower) to be switched. At the circuit is one renowned phase locked loop tone decoder chip (LM567).When the pulsed infrared light signal from D1 is reflected by a nearby object, phototransistor T2 -through T3- provides a signal to pin 3 of IC LM567. If the signal frequency lies within the same band as that of the internal generator, output terminal (pin8) of IC1 is connected to earth, where upon LED in the relay lights (on) and the relay is energised.