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11_10_2011 H.

Bennani Air Navigation Expert
ACAC
1
A-BAS
principale and concept

Target
 to know how the GNSS concept was been
designed.
 To define the component of GNSS
Airborne Based Augmentation system .
11_10_2011 H. Bennani Air Navigation Expert
ACAC
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11_10_2011 H. Bennani Air Navigation Expert
ACAC
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A-BAS
Index
Introduction
Airborne Based
Augmentation system
GNSS Elements
GPS
GLONASS
Core Constellations
Augmentations
ABAS
SBAS
GBAS
IO
R
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A-BAS
A-BAS: Airborne Based Augmentation
System
 Use 3 technical solution to reach the ICAO
navigation performance requirement:
 RAIM & FDE
 AAIM
 Integration of on-board information
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RAIM
 RAIM & FDE: a technique which uses
redundant GNSS information to provide
GPS data integrity:
 RAIM Algorithm  5+ sat visible
 There are not enough satellites with adequate
geometry in view
 Accuracy may be good but not Integrity
 Algorithm du FDE  6+ Sat visible,
 receiver detects a satellite fault
 This type of alert results in the loss of GNSS
navigation capability
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AAIM
AAIM: Aircraft Autonomous Integrity Monitoring
 uses the redundancy of position estimates
from multiple sensors, including GNSS, to
provide integrity performance
 We use INS / IRS as an integrity check on GPS
data when RAIM is unavailable
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Integration of on-board information
 Non-GNSS information can be combined with GNSS
information to enhance the performance of the
integrated navigation system
 using GNSS sensor data as an input to a multi-
sensor navigation solution calculated by a FMS
 improves the availability of the aircraft’s navigation
function.
 Using navigation sensors to coast through short
periods when
 poor satellite geometry
 the aircraft structure shadows the GNSS antennas while
maneuvering
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GPS, IRS, GPIRS Performance
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IRS Performance
Regularly drift
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GPS Performance
Overhall in virage No smooth curve
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GPIRS Performance
Best performance
11_10_2011 H. Bennani Air Navigation Expert
ACAC
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questions please