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Automobile industry world over

looking forward to greener solution
 Money Saving Eco Friendly Vehicles
 Benefits of Eco-Friendly Cars
 Eco Cars: Good for the Owner and the Planet
 Green Car, Green Wallet, Green Planet
 Make Your New Car an Eco-Friendly One
 Eco Cars: Good for the Owner and the Planet
 Global warming and carbon foot prints dominate the daily news. From melting polar caps to warmer winters global warming is
seen as a very serious problem. So it’s no surprise that nearly every company is pushing it’s latest eco friendly product.
Everything from low energy refrigerators to new light bulbs are being touted as things you can purchase to do your part to
fight global warming . Cars that are environmentally friendly are among the most popular of these products. But what exactly
is an eco friendly car, and what are the benefits of owning one?
Eco friendly cars are vehicles that are electric, hybrids, or use other alternatives to gasoline, including ethanol.
Electric cars run on batteries, not combustion engines, so there are no harmful emissions. Electric cars are very economical,
as a typical electric vehicle only costs between two and four cents per mile to run. Electric cars can also be charged
anywhere there is an outlet.
A much more common vehicle than the totally electric car is what is know as a hybrid. These vehicles utilize both the
combustion engine as well as electric power. Many of the benefits are the same as the purely electric vehicle, saving money
and lower emissions, but the hybrid brings a level of practicality as well. Many potential owners of electric cars site the fear of
running the charge out and being stranded as the main reason they have not purchased an electric vehicle. However, with a
hybrid, if the charge empties the combustion engine will kick in.
Ethanol powered cars are also a viable option when it comes to eco friendly vehicles. Ethanol is made mostly of corn, so the
advantage of cleaner emissions is once again present. The ethanol powered car also benefits the economy, as it uses the
produce of local farmers.
The biggest benefit of eco friendly cars is one geared towards the planet, not just the owner of the vehicle. Lower emissions
and better mileage are great ways to reduce ones carbon footprint. With global warming continuing to be the number one
problem facing us going forward, it’s taking steps like manufacturing eco friendly cars that will be needed to combat the
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Oil imports down, GDP up
The study finds that if these policies are put into place, then:
 U.S. oil imports would be reduced by 3.2 million barrels per day. Cumulatively, during period 2010 to 2030, the U.S.
would reduce oil imports by 11.9 billion barrels of foreign oil.
 Total U.S. employment would increase by approximately 1.9 million jobs above the base case. This is equivalent to
reducing the unemployment rate by more than 1 percent.
 The typical U.S. household would have $2,763 more income (in 2008 dollars) than it would otherwise. This is an
increase of about 2.2 percent in annual income.
 U.S. GDP would rise by $281 billion (about 1.0 percent more than it otherwise would have).
 Because of higher levels of income and GDP, the U.S. federal budget would improve by a cumulative (2010 to 2030)
$336 billion.
 Cumulatively, from 2010 to 2030, households would experience an increase in aggregate income of $4.6 trillion (again
in 2008 dollars).
 The U.S. trade balance would improve by about $127 billion, or about 0.4 percent of GDP.
 Once implemented, these measures would mitigate the impact of an oil price shock by roughly one-third (effects on
peak-to-trough GDP and employment).

Benefits of Eco-Friendly Cars
These days, almost everybody is looking at ways to keep our planet healthier. Sustainability is a hot topic in politics and daily life.
Companies are paying attention and making products that allow customers to save money and help save the planet at the same time.
One example of this is the wave of eco-friendly cars being targeted at environmentally-minded drivers. The two main options for eco-
friendly cars are hybrids and flex-fuel vehicles.
Hybrids are vehicles that use less fuel by storing energy in a battery. In stop-and-go and slow traffic, these cars use the electric motor
more than the gasoline engine. While coasting, the car begin running off of the electric motor again and also uses the energy from the
wheels to charge the battery. This all means fewer emissions and less pollution, resulting in a smaller contribution to global warming.
Consumers who drive hybrid vehicles also save money on gas, often getting more than twice as much mileage out of their gasoline.
Auto companies such as Honda, Toyota and Ford have listened to consumers’ demands and produced models that offer excellent
performance. This has given a real overhaul to the reputation of hybrid vehicles, and drivers who used to swear they’d never drive a
hybrid are now buying them. Even companies famous for high-performance sports cars are getting in on the action, such as Porsche,
who are already making hybrid engines with huge power. However, for the purpose of reducing emissions, models with smaller engine
capacity such as the Toyota Prius can’t be beat.
Flex-fuel vehicles are another eco-friendly option. These cars can run off of regular gas as well as E85, a mixture of 85% ethanol and
15% regular gas. Unfortunately, E85 gives poorer fuel efficiency and its availability is spotty. One benefit of flex fuel is that by reducing
our immediate dependency on petroleum, it encourages longer-term advances in environmentally-friendly cars.
Eco-friendly vehicles are becoming more popular all the time. Gas prices are only going to increase as petroleum becomes scarcer, and
environmental concerns are sure to grow as well. More and more, consumers are asking how to choose the best hybrid vehicle. One of
the biggest things to consider is how long and at what speeds the vehicle will be used each day. For commutes that are very long or
involve traveling at high speeds for extended periods, vehicles with higher-capacity batteries are best.

What Are the Benefits of Going Green With Eco-Friendly Cars?
Hybrid and all-electric cars are becoming a mainstream reality. Electric cars have engines that run on electricity and do not require
gasoline. Hybrid cars use electricity for short distances and gasoline for long drives and high speeds. These eco-friendly cars come with
many advantages to the consumers.
Fuel Costs
The most obvious benefit of owning a hybrid or electric car is the increase in fuel costs. Owning either one will result in fewer trips to the
gas pump. These savings really add up over time. A hybrid car will save the driver about 38 percent in fuel in the city and 19 percent on
the highway. The only cost in fueling an electric car is the electricity to charge the battery.
Energy Security
Oil is a limited resource, meaning it will eventually run out and become unavailable. An electric car takes this worry away because it
does not depend on gasoline at all. A hybrid will use a lot less gas than a traditional engine. An owner of a hybrid can feel confident in
knowing they are saving this precious resource.
Tax Benefits
The government offers a tax deduction for buying an eco-friendly car. This is to encourage more people to consider choosing a more
environmentally friendly option when buying their next car.
Less Greenhouse Gas Emissions
Carbon and sulfur emissions are greatly reduced in hybrid cars and eliminated altogether in electric cars. Reducing toxic emissions
means cleaner air and a healthier environment. By using biodiesel or ethanol in place of gasoline for hybrid cars, drivers can reduce
their vehicle’s toxic emissions by as much as 97 percent.
Faster Commuting Times
To increase the incentives for buying an eco-friendly car, major highways are beginning to add lanes that are designated for use only by
these cars. As these cars become more popular, it is likely we will see more of these lanes available. Some places are also beginning to
designate close, or even free, parking spaces.
Power Efficiency
Materials used in eco-friendly cars weigh less than traditional ones, meaning they maneuver and handle easier. Because they run on
electricity, they can operate and function well at any speed. Power is consistent whether driving at high or low speeds. They do not
need a transmission to make the engine run at full power, even at lower speeds, like gas-powered engines. Union of Concerned Scientists)

1 gallon of gas = 24 pounds of global warming emissions
Every gallon of gas burned emits 24 pounds of carbon dioxide and other global-warming gases into the atmosphere. About 5
pounds of that come from the extraction of petroleum and the production and delivery of the fuel. But the great bulk of heat-
trapping emissions—more than 19 pounds per gallon—comes right out of a car’s tailpipe.
Pollution adds up fast. Each year, the average car sends 6 tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere—about three times the
vehicle’s weight.

Biofuels can further reduce emissions.
Biofuels are made from organic materials like corn, grass, and agricultural waste and have the potential to provide more than 10
percent of U.S. fuel needs. Biofuels can produce fewer global warming emissions than conventional gasoline, though the
amount varies considerably depending on the source material and production methods used to create it.
Corn-based ethanol is one of the least effective biofuels at reducing emissions; advanced biofuels made from grass, wood waste,
and even garbage offer much greater savings.
Cities of the future
Projects all over the world have been looking at what our cities could
look like in the future. From the Venus Project, which not only
proposes new circular cities but a whole new way of living and
constructing our socities, through to Earth Day’s Green Cities that
envisages living and breathing buildings that react to our needs,
solar-powered public transport and high-speed long-distance travel in
pods through depressurised tubes.
It seems that Powell could be right when he says that what we’re
building now is just buying us time for the future; a future where we
could make some of these ideas a reality. He says: “How far
technology could take us is for someone else to speculate.”
It’s taking those speculations and trying to turn them into solutions
that will be the answer to making our urban dense cities truly
sustainable for the future, as well as a nice place to live.

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By Danny KingRSS feedGoogle+
Posted Aug 6th 2014 10:06AM

If California is going to sink millions upon millions to expand its hydrogen-refueling infrastructure, shouldn't at least some of that
infrastructure be operated by a company that actually produces hydrogen fuel? Why, yes, and that's the case with Linde North
America. The company has announced it will build two publicly-accessible hydrogen stations in Northern California, courtesy of
a $4.3 million grant from the California Energy Commission (CEC).

One of the stations will be at Oakland International Airport while the other will be about 20 miles east in San Ramon, next
to Toyota's regional office and parts distribution center for the San Francisco Bay Area. That's only fitting, considering that
Toyota is going to release a production fuel cell vehicle next year, first in Japan, then in the US (it will be limited to California at
the beginning).

The California Air Resources Board recently outlined the Golden State's intention to spend $50 million on getting 28 hydrogen
refueling stations up and running by the end of next year and as many as 100 new stations added during the next decade. A
large chunk of those (19, to be exact) will be built through a partnership betweetn Toyota and FirstElement Fuel Inc., so things
are happening. Check out Linde's press release below.
how full PR text

Driving in e-mobility
By D Govardan Jul 25 2014
Tags: News
It was a dream, whose journey started in 1994 in Bangalore. While Reva Electric Car Company rolled out its first electric car in 2001, it
failed to gain traction. After Mahindra & Mahindra picked up majority stake in 2010, the company chalked out a larger game plan and is
now gearing up for a better and greener tomorrow for itself, as well as for electric mobility. Chetan Maini, CEO, Mahindra Reva Electric
Vehicles, shares with Financial Chronicle the company’s journey so far and the way forward.

It has been two decades since you established Reva Electric Car Company. How has been the journey so far?

It’s been a great experience. Each part of the journey was very different. The initial phase was more into developing technology and
being an enabler. The next phase was switching from a pure technology-focused player into an entrepreneur, setting up the company,
looking out for money and so on. From 1998 onwards, it grew to a different level in getting to understand the market and getting
products ready. We launched our cars in 2001, but soon thereafter, we were facing challenging policies from the government.

That’s when we started looking at the global market, especially the mature developed markets like the UK and Norway. We needed the
financial muscle to look out for future platforms and technology and we raised about $25 million. When we visited the Frankfurt Motor
Show in 2009, there were 40-odd electric cars on display and we knew the world has changed. We needed a strategic partner and
that’s when the Mahindra development happened. The idea was to build on what we had and to take it forward on a larger scale. Today,
one can, not only buy a car and battery separately, but also there are solar panel driven cars to choose. To put it simply, the journey we
had taken over the past 20 years has been a fabulous one.

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Some Facts on Automobiles and the Environment
We were asked a while ago if we could provide some information on the
impact of automobiles on the environment. Here's what we came up with
Automobiles have a major impact upon the environment. As noted in a fact
sheet from the US EPA, "driving a private car is probably a typical citizen's
most 'polluting' daily activity".
Energy Use
Each year, the United States produces about 10% of the world's petroleum
but consumes about 26% of the world's total production. Cars and light
trucks are the single largest users of petroleum, consuming about 43% of
the total. Overall, cars and light trucks consume about 16% of the total
energy used in the U.S.
Air Pollution
Although great strides have been made at reducing air pollution from
automobile exhaust over the past 30 years, on-road motor vehicles still
account for a significant proportion of air pollution:
Air Pollutant
Proportion from On-
road Motor Vehicles
Oxides of Nitrogen
precursor to ground-level ozone (smog), which damages
the respiratory system and injures plants
Volatile Organic
Compounds (VOC)
precursor to ground-level ozone (smog), which damages
the respiratory system and injures plants
Carbon Monoxide
contributes to smog production; poisonous in high
Particulate Matter
does not include dust from paved and unpaved roads,
which are the major source of particulate matter
pollution (50% of the total)
Carbon Dioxide
33% thought to be primary contributor to global warming
source: Federal Highway Administration Transportation Air Quality:
Selected Facts and Figures 2002
Water Pollution
There are a number of ways automobile use results in water pollution:
 Runoff of oil, dirt, brake dust, deposited vehicle exhaust, road
particles, automotive fluids, and deicing chemicals from roadways
and parking lots. The effect of this is difficult to quantify, but a 1996
survey of 693,905 river miles estimated that urban runoff was the
leading source of impairment for 13% of the river miles that were
impaired. One EPA researcher estimated the amount of oil and
grease runoff from roads surfaces to be in the hundreds of thousands
of tons per year.
 Leaking underground fuel storage tanks. As of 1998, there were
approx. 892,000 underground storage tanks in the US, mostly in
gasoline filling stations. A cumulative total of 1.2 million tanks had
been closed, with confirmed releases (leaks) from 371,000 such
 Improperly disposed of waste fluids, e.g. used motor oil. One quart of
motor oil can contaminate a million gallons of fresh water. The US
EPA estimates 13.4% of used motor oil is illegally dumped, while
another 10.1% is landfilled.
Noise Pollution
Car and truck noise has become perhaps the primary source of noise
pollution in urban environments. A Federal Highway Administration
brochure states that a typical pickup truck going by at 50 mph is four times
as loud as an air conditioner an eight times as loud as a refrigerator. The
Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD)
estimated in 1980 that 37 percent of the US population was exposed to
"annoying" levels of highway noise (greater than 55 decibels), while 7%
was exposed to levels that made conversation difficult (> 65 dB).
Land Use
Cars require a lot of space. In urban areas, road surfaces cover about 1/5
of all available land. Rural roads in 1997 covered an estimated 13,363
square miles of land, an area larger the state of Maryland. Urban roads
covered an additional 4,012 square miles, an area larger than Delaware.
Solid Waste
Over 11 million automobiles were scrapped in 1996. About 75% of the
scrapped material was recycled, while the remaining 25% was landfilled. In
that same year, an estimated 266 million tires were scrapped, 76% of
which was recovered and recycled, used as fuel, or exported to other
countries. The 63 million tires that were not recovered were presumably
dumped, adding to the approximately 800 million tires currently stockpiled
in dumps around the country. These tire dumps, classified as an "ongoing
environmental hazard" in one EPA report, are ideal breeding grounds for
mosquitoes and a very serious fire hazard. When a tire dump catches fire,
the burning tire casings emit toxic gases and are very difficult to put out
completely. Some tires dumps have burned for more than a year.
Effects on Wildlife
The primary way people kill wildlife is not by hunting or trapping, but with
their automobiles. It is estimated motor vehicles kill over a million animals
in collisions everyday in the US.
Most of the data for this page came from two US Environmental Protection
Agency reports, Indicators of the Environmental Impacts of Transportation:
Highway, Rail, Aviation, and Maritime Transport and Indicators of the
Environmental Impacts of Transportation: Updated Second Edition. Energy
data came from the U.S. Dept of Energy's Transportation Energy Data
Book. Information on wildlife fatalities came from an Aug. 1, 2002, article in
the Wall St. Journal, "In the Headlights: As Man and Beast Clash on
Highways, Both Sides Lose" by James P.