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This will provide the basic knowledge of the Fuzzy control system

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**FUZZY LOGIC CONTROLLER
**

PREPAIRED BY

S.VIVEK

Assistant Professor

Dept. of EIE

CONTENTS TO BE COVERED

Introduction To Fuzzy Model

Fuzzy Logic Control

Structure Of FLC

Fuzzification Models

Knowledge Base

Rule Base

Inference Engine

Fuzzy To Crisp Conversion

Lambda Cuts For Fuzzy Sets And Relations

Defuzzification Methods

Fuzzy Logic Controller

Classical Controller Design

Given mathematical model of plant (i.e. transfer

function)

Given objectives of Feedback Control System

Use standard design techniques to determine

controller to meet objectives (root locus, ITAE, Bode,

etc.)

Fuzzy Logic Controller

Fuzzy Logic Controllers

Use Experienced operators

Construct IF-THEN rules that describe how the

operator uses his knowledge of the objectives and the

measured outputs to determine inputs to the plant

Convert the IF-THEN rules into mathematics (i.e.

convert human knowledge into computer knowledge)

Elements of FL Controller

Fuzzifier

Takes measurement data (crisp numbers) produces fuzzy sets

(singleton fuzzifier, membership functions)

Rule Base or Knowledge Base

IF-THEN rules from expert operator

Inference engine

Choice of AND, OR, NOT. Determines how to interpret

(implement) IF-THEN statements

De-fuzzifier

Produces single crisp output to be sent to plant

Block Diagram of FLC

Fuzzy Logic Controller

Fuzzifier

Converts the crisp input to a linguistic variable using the

membership functions stored in the fuzzy knowledge base.

Fuzzy Knowledge Base

The rule base and the database are jointly

referred to as the knowledge base.

a rule base containing a number of fuzzy IF–THEN

rules;

a database which defines the membership functions of

the fuzzy sets used in the fuzzy rules

IF-THEN rules and Math

IF antecedent THEN conclusion

Logical IF-THEN statement

IF conditionTHEN action

Programming IF-THEN statement

Programming IF-THEN in FL

To the extent that the condition is true, implement the

action (part of inference engine)

Collection of rules = Rule Base = Knowledge Base

Multiple rules are joined by inference engine and de-

fuzzifier

Fuzzy Inference Systems

Fuzzy inference (reasoning) is the actual process of mapping from

a given input to an output using fuzzy logic.

The process involves all the pieces that we have discussed in the

previous sections: membership functions, fuzzy logic

operators, and if-then rules

Fuzzy Inference Systems

Fuzzy inference systems have been successfully applied in

fields such as automatic control, data classification,

decision analysis, expert systems, and computer

vision.

Because of its multi-disciplinary nature, the fuzzy inference

system is known by a number of names, such as

fuzzy-rule-based system,

fuzzy expert system,

fuzzy model,

fuzzy associative memory,

fuzzy logic controller,

and simply fuzzy system.

Inference Engine

Using If-Then type fuzzy rules converts the fuzzy input to

the fuzzy output.

Fuzzy Inference Methods

The most important two types of fuzzy inference method are

Mamdani and Sugeno fuzzy inference methods,

Mamdani fuzzy inference is the most commonly seen

inference method. This method was introduced by Mamdani and

Assilian (1975).

Another well-known inference method is the so- called Sugeno

or Takagi–Sugeno–Kang method of fuzzy inference process.

This method was introduced by Sugeno (1985). This method is

also called as TS method.

The main difference between the two methods lies in the

consequent of fuzzy rules.

Mamdani Fuzzy models

To compute the output of this FIS given the inputs, six steps has to

be followed

1. Determining a set of fuzzy rules

2. Fuzzifying the inputs using the input membership functions

3. Combining the fuzzified inputs according to the fuzzy rules to establish a

rule strength (Fuzzy Operations)

4. Finding the consequence of the rule by combining the rule strength and

the output membership function (implication)

5. Combining the consequences to get an output distribution (aggregation)

6. Defuzzifying the output distribution (this step is only if a crisp output

(class) is needed).

Max-Min Composition is used.

Sugeno Fuzzy Models

Also known as TSK fuzzy model

Takagi, Sugeno & Kang

Goal: Generation of fuzzy rules from a given input-output

data set.

Fuzzy Rules of TSK Model

If x is A and y is B then z = f(x, y)

R1: if X is small and Y is small then z = x +y +1

R2: if X is small and Y is large then z = y +3

R3: if X is large and Y is small then z = x +3

R4: if X is large and Y is large then z = x + y + 2

DEFUZZIFICATION

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