FEMALE MULLION CHECK

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FEMALE MULLION CHECK

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ACCORDING BS 8118

I. PROFILE SECTION

II. ELEMENT DESIGNATION

III. MATERIAL PARAMETERS

A. Limiting Stresses (Section 4.2)

Alloy type and Condtion 6063-T6 Extrusion (Table 4.1 Limiting Stresses)

Limiting stress for bending and overall yielding, p

o

160 N/mm

2

(Table 4.1 Limiting Stresses)

Limiting stress for local capacity for axial force, p

a

175 N/mm

2

(Table 4.1 Limiting Stresses)

Limiting stress in shear, p

v

95 N/mm

2

(Table 4.1 Limiting Stresses)

IV. SECTION CLASSIFICATION FOR LOCAL BUCKLING (Section 4.3)

A. CHECK FOR SLENDERNESS PARAMETER

Type of thin walled element for Element 1 Flat internal element (Section 4.3.1.2 Types of ele.)

Type of stress gradient Element under stress gradient at the neutral axis (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Element depth or width,b or d 179 mm

Element thickness, t 2.5 mm

Height of stiffening element, c 30 mm (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Thickness of stiffening element, t 2.5 mm (Section 4.3.2.2 )

MODE 1

Ratio of height to thickness of the stiffening element, c/t 30 / 2.5 = 12 (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Factor h for slenderness parameter h = {1+2.5(c/t - 1)

2

/(b/t)}

-0.5

{1 + 2.5(12 - 1) / 71.6}^-0.5 = 0.44 (Figure 4.2 and Table K.1)

Parameter = h b/t 0.44 179 / 2.5 = 31.32 (Section 4.3.2.2 )

MODE 2

Element depth or width,b or d 132 mm

Element thickness, t 2.5 mm

Distances from the neutral axis to the compression edge, y

c

94 mm (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Distances from the neutral axis to the Tension edge, y

o

-38 mm (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Ratio of element edges, y

o

/y

c

-38 / 94 = -0.4 (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Factor g for slenderness parameter g = 0.70 + 0.30(yo/yc) 0.7 + 0.3 (-38 / 94) = 0.58 (Figure 4.2 and Table K.1)

Parameter 0.58 (132 / 2.5) = 30.62 (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Type of thin walled element for Element 2 Flat outstand element (Section 4.3.1.2 Types of ele.)

Type of stress gradient Element under other stress gradient (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Element depth or width,b or d 38 mm

Element thickness, t 2.5 mm

Distances from the neutral axis to the compression edge, y

c

97 mm (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Distances from the neutral axis to the Tension edge, y

o

94 mm (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Ratio of element edges, y

o

/y

c

94 / 97 = 0.97 (Section 4.3.2.2 )

Factor g for slenderness parameter g = 0.70 + 0.30(yo/yc) 0.7 + 0.3 (94 / 97) = 0.99 (Figure 4.2 and Table K.1)

Parameter 0.99 (38 / 2.5) = 15.05 (Section 4.3.2.2 )

B. CLASSIFICATION OF INDIVIDUAL ELEMENTS

For element classification parameters (Section 4.3.3.4) Limiting Values of (Section 4.3.3.4 Table 4.3)

1

fully compact

1

<

O

semi-compact Unwelded Welded Unwelded Welded

>

o

slender 7 6 6 5

22 18 18 15

where = (250/p

o

)

0.5

= (250 /160) = 1.25

Elements

1

Internal Elements

Outstand elements

For element 1

Where element 1 is unwelded and Flat internal element

= 31.32 (Section 4.3.3.4)

1

= 18 1.25 = 22.5 (Section 4.3.3.4)

o

= 22 1.25 = 27.5 (Section 4.3.3.4)

THEREFORE THE ELEMENT IS SLENDER

For element 2

Where element 2 is unwelded and Flat outstand element

= 15.05 (Section 4.3.3.4)

1

= 6 1.25 = 7.5 (Section 4.3.3.4)

o

= 7 1.25 = 8.75 (Section 4.3.3.4)

THEREFORE THE ELEMENT IS SLENDER

V. SECTION CLASSIFICATION FOR SHEAR RESISTANCE (Section 4.5.3)

Clear depth of web between flanges, d 180 mm (Section 4.5.3.1)

Web thickness, t 2 mm (Section 4.5.3.1)

Web depth to thickness ratio, d/t 180 / 2 = 90

Section classification conditions

Compact d/t 49 where = (250/p

o

)

0.5

= (250 /160) = 1.25

Slender d/t > 49 49 = 61.25

THEREFORE THE SECTION IS SLENDER

VI. DETERMINATION FOR THE STRENGTH CAPACITY OF THE SECTION (Section 4.5.1)

A. Moment check (Section 4.5.2.2)

Limiting stress for bending and overall yielding, p

o

160 N/mm

2

(Table 4.1 Limiting Stresses)

Material factor,

m

1.2 (Section 4.5.2.2)

Factored moment resistance, M

RS

= p

o

Z

e

/

m

( 34994.37 160 / 1.2)/1000 = 4.67 KN-m (Section 4.5.2.2)

Elastic modulus of effective section, Z

e

34994.37 mm

3

B. Calculation for local buckling coefficient for slender sections

For Element 1

Checking for the ratio of / 31.32 / 1.25 = 25.06 (Section 4.3.4.2)

Reduction factor k

L

0.93

For Element 2

Checking for the ratio of / 15.05 / 1.25 = 12.04 (Section 4.3.4.2)

Reduction factor k

L

0.72

C. Shear check

Limiting stress in shear, p

v

95 N/mm

2

(Table 4.1 Limiting Stresses)

Number of shear webs, N 1 (Section 4.5.3.2)

Depth of shear web, D 185 mm

Clear depth ofweb, d 180 mm

Thickness of shear web, t 2.5 mm (Section 4.5.3.2)

Effective shear area, A

v

= 0.8 N D t 0.8 1 2.5 185 = 370 mm

2

(Section 4.5.3.2)

Material factor,

m

1.2 (Section 4.5.2.2)

Check for factored shear force, V

RS

(Section 4.5.3.3)

For compact sections, V

RS

= p

v

A

v

/

m

95 370/1000 = 35.15 KN

For slender sections the minimum of

Yielding check V

RS

= p

v

A

v

/

m

95 370/1000 = 35.15 KN (Section 4.5.3.3)

Buckling check V

RS

= 340Nt

3

/d

m

340 1 2.5 / (185 1.2) = 24.59 KN (Section 4.5.3.3)

Factored shear force, V

RS

24.59 KN (Section 4.5.3.3)

D. Tension check

Cross sectional area of the profile, A 969.73 mm

2

Tension capacity, P

RS

= p

o

A/

m

160 969.73 / 1.2 = 129.3 KN

VII. CHECK FOR LATERAL TORSIONAL BUCKLING

A. Section Parameters

Minor axis radius of gyration, r

y

12.7 (Section 4.5.6.2)

Limiting stress for bending and overall yielding, p

o

160 N/mm

2

(Table 4.1 Limiting Stresses)

Parameter, = 250/p

o

1.25

Distance between supports, s 3800 mm

Length between transoms (lateral supports) , l 2376 mm

Elastic modulus, E 70000 N/mm

2

Material factor,

m

1.2

Moment of inertia, I

y

4067721.6 mm

3

Shear modulus, G 26600 N/mm

2

Torsion constant, J 119135.02 mm

4

Warping factor, H mm

6

B. Exemption check

Cases Condition (Section 4.5.6.2)

Bending about the minor axis NO (Section 4.5.6.2)

Beam supported against lateral movement throughout its length NO (Section 4.5.6.2)

Lateral supports to compression spaced less than 40r

y 635 mm

(Section 4.5.6.2)

Therefore there is a need to check for lateral torsional buckling

C. Buckling stress

Slenderness parameter, =(ES/M

CR

) 30.81 (Section 4.5.6.6)

Elastic critical moment, M

CR

= /l + (EI

y

GJ)

0.5

(1 +

2

EH/l

2

GJ)

0.5

MCR = /2376 (70000 4067721.61 26600 119135.02) (1 + 70000 1 / 2376 26600 119135.02) = 39.72 KN- m

Parameter,

1

0.6 (Figure 4.9 and Table K.1)

Parameter, c 0.1 (Figure 4.9 and Table K.1)

Parameter stress, p

1

=

m

M

RS

/S 1.2 4.67 / 54559.09 = 102.71

N/mm

2

The moment capacity of the slender section will be used

Factored moment resistance of the section, M

RS

4.67 KN-m

Plastic section modulus of the gross section, S 54559.09 mm

3

Parameter, (30.81/) (102.71/70000) = 0.38 (Figure 4.9 and Table K.1)

Parameter, 0.5 {1 + 0.1/0.38 [1 - (0.1 0.6)/0.38]} = 3.96 (Table K.1)

Parameter, N = 3.96 (1 - 1/0.38 3.96) = 1 (Table K.1)

Buckling stress, p

s

= Np

1

1 102.71 = 102.8

N/mm

2

(Table K.1)

D. Lateral torsional buckling moment resistance

Factored moment resistance, M

RX

= p

s

S/

m

102.8 54559.09 / 1.2 = 4.67 KN-m (Section 4.5.6.3)

1

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