TPE #9: Instructional Planning The standards that the state sets are broad and it is up to the teacher to create

units and lessons to meet the standards. Instructional planning is how the teacher is able to take a state requirement and break it down into sections that can be taught to students. The teacher plans how they are going to teach the entire standard through the year to meet the requirement by breaking it down into individual lessons that are under units.

Artifact: This is a lesson that I gave to the third grade class that i observe in. this lesson was on the Tongva Native Americans and their Wikiups (homes). The lesson described the homes, how they are made, different characteristics about them, and other basic information about the Tongva Native Americans that revolved around the Wikiups.

Rationale: This lesson was on the houses that the Tongva native Americans lived in. The Tongva Native Americans were the local Native Americans that lived in the area, which the students are supposed to learn about. In third grade, the students are expected to learn about different types of communities, the local Native Americans that lived in the area, geography, time sequencing, laws that the US lives under and basic economic skills. This is one lesson that describes some specific part about the local Indians and the communities that they lived in as part of a unit on the Native Americans. The students were able to understand the differences between the community they live in now, and how it would have looked like many years ago when the Tongva Naive Americans lived in the area.

Plan Lesson Mooradian Julieanne Tongva/GabrilinoIndians Wikiups Date: 1I-19-04 Grade3

the describe AmericanIndiannationsin their local regionlong Standard:3.2 Students agoandin the recentpast. of basicknowledge the local Indians will Objective: Students know andunderstand them,statingkey (Tongva)andtheir dwellings(Wikiups)andbe ableto describe they areaskedto do so. whenever feafures materials: List of Needed paper The Tule Wikiup information of Overhead tule reeds of Overhead Wikiup and Pictures Wikiup unfinished finishedfor eachstudent of and Building a Tule Wikiup Model instructions craft for eachstudent for Scissors eachstudent Glue for eachstudent quiz Building a Tule Wikiupsreviewwks for lesson Tule Wikiups:Dwellingsof the GabrilinoIndiansTestfor eachstudent Tule Wikiup Powerwrite reviewfor unit testwks for eachstudent of Optionalsample realtule reeds Anticipatoryset to on Motivation: Positivefeelingtonethroughaffrrmation correctanswers as questions encouraging on and comments the wrongones. Interest well will because students enjoyhearingaboutIndianswho lived wherethey the live if the feelingis fun while leaming. the to Transfer:It relates their life because Indiansusedto live wherethey relates prior learningof the regionand to currentlylive. This lesson communities. their location,andthe houses Learning: Basicinformationon the Tongva, (Wikiups)thatthey lived in. the Communicate ObjectiveandPurpose: will The students know the basicinformationaboutthe TongvaIndians used, how andtheir homes.Theywill understand they weremade,the materials that aboutthem. Theywill understand the TongvaIndians andkey characteristics actuallylived wherethey live currentlyandbe ableto link the pastwith the present. Instruction/ Modeling: paper can Most informationfor this lesson be foundin the Tule Wikiup information the and 1. Put up the Wikiup overhead discuss structure

Made of willow branches . willow branch frame in ground . willow branchesbendable o built on flat area o criss-crossframe (the horizontal brancheson the Wikiups) 2. Overheadof Tule o coveredwith tule plants o found by rivers, streams,and marshes o tule tied thick and tight r have class look at unfinished Wikiup drawing o build from bottom up o tied with Yucca fiber o rainproof 3. Overheadof Wikiup o Hole on top of frame . Fire . Smoke escap€out hole o Opening for door r Door faced north . Kept sun out . Door out of rabbit skin o Woven fule mats . Mats up: expecting company I Mats down: family could be away o Used as a home o Look like upsidown basket o Floor of dirt o Use of Wikiups . Sleeping ' Cooking o Why burn it on purpose? . Death . Damaged . Too dirty o May be from 500-1500in eachcommunity o Checking for understanding(done through out instruction) 1. Can anyonetell me why they would 2. Does anyoneknow what is like? 3. What was the reasonthat the Indians had for 4. Do you all understandhow they did this?


Guidedpractice: Building of the modelWikiup while discussing what eachpaperpart is supposed to represent

IndependentPractice: Building a tule Wikiup wks Assessment(to be done later): Lessonquiz: Tule Wikiups: Dwellings of the Gabrilino lndians Tule Wikiups power write (as review for trnit test) Section on unit test Closure: What can someonetell me about what we learned today? Does anyone rememberwhy the Indians faced their housesto the north? Describethe tule reedsto me? What do you think the most interestingthing we learnedtoday is?

Evaluation: Was your objective met? Yes What went well? The kids really enjoyed it and were interestedin the topic. All of the visual aids kept their attention and they wanted to know more. It was more exciting because the Indians lived where they currently live. What would you change? I would have them fill out a worksheetbefore they built the wikiup so that they would retain the information better.


Tfre h.-,uses of the Gabrielino ' I ' , r : . , ,',v . i e r e m a d e o f a f r a m e w o r k o f l - , r , a r i c i i e s ' r ^ / e I ' eb u r i e d pctes were bent in the '

Indians bent rn



"wickiups These of

willow a circle tied

branches ' '


The tops together



Then the5z were was Ieft inside were at the tied the


jir-icca f iber. i,he cooking Around or

A smoke hole heating upright f ire


The smoke frorn out the hole.

house went other thin


frame tike tules.

brancl^r:s ' This frame

T h e 1 , ,n r a d e w h a t l o o k e d .,ras then covered with €\^ L,r nr 'u' r H - u w, l,-;l l B - ' r -|^ L J covering at the

an r-rpside dot"'n basket ' Tules narshes, were rushes '

They were The tul-e during

edge of tight.

streams, the

c)r rivers. house dry

was thick


They kept like

a rainstorm.

The tules in the

shed water house served it

a raincoat. Sometimes with mats wind it was

An opening covered fron ame. ,rray the

aS a door.

with.skins. The door it heat

Sometimes faced

was covered the of the

woven usually In this 'tule

tules. Usually sun's

away from north

way the the

was on the would

side into

house '

r-rot shine

house. dne h6use were

fnside mats. mats. skin warm. Cut the of this inside frame. out the If

The Indians In cold


on these rabbit

weather used

covers If



keeP \tere uP,



mats f or

famity the

was ready

cornpany. the mats


was away, with

Attach the oicture i"heel with a fastener at the dot.


down and barred sticks. 500 to


bone or

Each clan

have from ^ . .- j U-Jr\ --LjL.-.r ^ w L P l1
r l i r t r uryu!! )

1500 wickiuPs. when it

or ii







a u new


- r J

---' ^r-i....

- -qa q W o

h ur lr r nr eud r u u

was built.

anv bef wilA of Keadall rhe directiona yourcluEer membere ore doinq of rhem.

willow branches. 1. Curouryour5 flexible strip. orWo willow brancAee the lonqer 2. Match rhe lelrers. Glue ghorter up the

It will look like this:

glue willow branchbaeeby marchinqX'e. of trhe 3. NoxN, rogether endE rhelonqer gluerAeleftover of rhe A,9, C, ) willow Lo ends branchee the oppoEiLe 1. Then willow of brancAbaee. Eide rAelonqer (upgide-downbaeker). "lr will like make gtrucrrrelook a dome LAe
rheze5Le?5. Oer a teacherziqnature ter f inteAinq af

piecee brown the giz.e 5. Tear circular off of conzLructron?aQer of a lparr,er. you qalheredby bankg rhe 3an of rhe Trerend tAeyaretulerhruEhee Aad Gabriel Rwer. yor wiLh Iiberyoupeeled Trerend areaLtachinq lo rhe f ranne yucca LAem qlue (Keally off rheyucca treebrancheE. thouqh,uee ineread.) your of at and 6. 7trartr atlachinq Nule the trhruEheENhebottont rhe f rame work willbe war,erproof . so wayu?.Thie iz direction important, lne wikiup

sa out. oureyouleave openinqf a door, youcanqel inand an or Vlake you or when build fire f or Aearinq cookinq. a

smoke B. Make youleave smoke at the rop,50youarenot chokedby sure a hole




y 1. First, discuss r,..rithoun clusten membens u,rhat is happening in each pictune. Look canefully at the details. Next, wnite a description fon each pictune explaining each step needed to build the Tule trlikiuP. i 3. Remember to begin youn sentences ur,rithntnoductony wonds like first, next, then, and finallY. 4. T h e n a d d t L a romo n e d e ta i l s to pictur e foun that wene descnibed in youn T ul e


- ' 3 , t p illou; branc.hcs Bond bga*her a'+ *he BJr.d

*oPl i*h Ti e +q*$,e r r.,o 4ucca' I Aet ,

/,.eaue holeaf lop Sr smok-t, a
Cf iss - cross rnor L t,l>i lloto bmr,af.l &r fhe ?raryv- .

d-cnrnT+ | oolLs li k-t-o.n upsiat-r lss frat.


S*art a{* ft'''e b#tt&rn. l-a4w S*tn u r*:i{*h *::le . Leaure *.r-r *p*.p,nQ -ft. Co*t,


1-c&[ rtw{i, .s{'rur'r'* "f:'L,T.d 1'+iett. t-a.rr. S i".+



Couer *ha Coo. uui*h skrnS. T+ is ftcln"1 1-rctr+h. Fa t"d. ar$i:r{ -{*,n^, l+-:)ru1



1 . F i r - s t , d i s c u s s w i t h y o L r r -c l u s t e r - m e m D e r s u.,that i s h a p p e n i n g i n e a c h P i c t u n e .

Look carefullY at the details' N e x t , u r i t e a d e s c r i p t i o n f o n e a c h p i c t u r e e x p l a i n i n ge a c h s t e p n e e d e d t o
buiid the Tule [likiuP. like finst, next, 3. Remember to begin Youn sentences u.rith intnoductony u.'or-ds then, and finallY. in youn Tule A T h e n a d d t \ . , Jo mo re d e ta i l s to p i c t u n e f o u r t h a t u J e r - ed e s c r i b e d U J i k i u ph a n d o u t . S k i m b a c k t o l o c a t e t h e s e d e t a i l s . 5. Finally, colon the Pictunes.




i I *


Directions After your clusteireads and discussesthe handout on tule wikiups,

TuleWikiups Indians of Dwellings the Gabrielino these anstlrer

sentenccs' questions comPlete in

urereured ar the frame for the tule urlklupr? l. lllhat tgpe of tres bruncher

tied together? 2. llflth uhtt utersthe tree brancher

ulklup? 5. lllhglult o holeleft at thetop of the:tule 4. lllheredo tule plantrgrou? for rsa$on3 u*ingtuleplantrto mals theuiklupl' truogood 5. Tell

ba mightlhe doorof a tulerulkiup mode? 6. 0f ruhot the for unc thereoron houing doorof lhe tuleuikiupfacenorth? ?. lUhot In g. luhntuouldthe Gabrlellno utorm the tule ultlup*? ure Indianr to rleepon ondlcesp

compang? g. Horu famllgutol silpsctlng Indlcn gou lf ruould lrnoul a Eobrlellno

in clon tuleuikiuprmighta Eobrlelino houe thelruholecommunltg? mong | 0. Horu doun? be a I l. llfhgtuould tufeurikiup burned


n rY| 4?

Q, 1] r-

plesse 3eeyour mtstehed pttFr on the Tule Wiltiup Fsqnr Wfitl StdE. llerr xnlt did you do? lbr clsrr nrnrmhnd rs nf,$1l dlffsrnt and irryertcnt lsetr sbout thc EEbrielins lndisnr' TuJr Wiklu,p. t urur rrclly tnprtrrld. HttE ir s li:rt of iurt p of the diffarrnt fgcts the clart rfiEte shlt' Wlrich Enesdid you ineludc? Ean you letrnr mott beforrcour test on thc Esbrielino Indienr?

l. nude Ef willotp bnrnchet e. witlorr bmnehet hndshlr 3. conend with tule pluntr l+, found hy riversf stresm$.. and rnsshsr 5. trda tisd thieh and tiEht 6. bsitt frum httom up 7, tied rpith yuccs fihr B. minpnof g. holr on top of frurn: lO. *nshs ercepedout hsle

tl. openingfsr door tE. door M notth

Z!, willsr brunch frurnsin grcund
!e. built on fltrt srEil

13. hrpt run out t4. door of rsbbit rhin l7., trn?gr tule mstr 16, nutt up=strpccting Esffipsny 17, rnstr dsrrn'family eould bc cwuy 18, urcd ct s horm 19, Eabriclino Indisns lived in them ?;9. tskad lihe an upride-dmnt barket

e3. floor of din e4. darping 4. uEedto coEkin

?6 erig'crsrs frsme 27 *estlr = burn it 28, dcrnaged ' bltrtt 2r. too dirty - butn W. ffi:lt be fmrn Wg'l,iII$ in esch conmunity

L9 November ,2004 To the Colifornio Historyprofessor: that hodonce directedo lesson the locolNotiveAmericon on fndions Julieonne is livedin the oreain whichour /tAacy School locoted.Shedid extensive Elernentory on as research preporefor her lesson the Gabrielino to fndions- olsoknown the included Tongvo fndions.Her resources computer sites,librarybooks, School web ParkondEl Dorodo Pork. Her ond District teschers'monuols, visitsto the Heritage provided with muchbockground investigotions her hondouts the knowledge, for photogrophs, students, overheod tronsporencies, the octuolrowmateriols ond used by the Tongvo Indians buildtheir homes. to TuleWikitoughtthe students oboutthe Tongva oll colled dwellings Julieonne Ups. Sheexploined of, whotthey looklike,whot they'remode howthey'remode, reosons they'redestroyed, showed students the howthey're used, etc. Julieonne pictures passed ond oround octuqlrowmateriols the thot the Tongvo fndions would job hove cleorly, used.Shedid o wonderful speoking delightfulintonotion, using osking to themoppropriote students think oboutguestions posed them,giving to she "woittime"to respond, providing ond themwith positive feedbdck fheir onswers for ondgoodefforts. showed studentshowto moke the their ownmodel o Tule of Next, Julieonne poper.Shemodeled Wiki-Upout of brown construction steponddisplayed each e.ach stogefor the students refer bockto os they eochcreoted to their ownmodel.Due preporotion, presentotion, to Jufionne's the excellent lesson, directions students ond in their TuleWiki-Ups, leorning, wereverysuccessful constructing understonding, informotion ondremembering oboutthe homes our locolNotiveAmericon of much fndions. job fime in the did thot I wishthere hodbeen Julieanne sucho good teoching schedule her to hove olsotoughtthe other two Mocythird grade classrooms. for Respectfully, RoyerJocobsen Susqn 3rd GradeTeacher School MocyElementary