从科学发展观到世界和谐复兴

作者:冯忠华博士 (Francis C. W. Fung, PH.D.)

2004 年中国共产党提出以创新的科学发展观为建设国家的整体策略,突显了
中国发展的主导政策有了可喜的变化。科学发展观是实现公正和公平社会均衡发展
的系统理念。目标是建立一个慎重地、科学地规划的、包括节约能源和资源的生态
人文社会。这种意识纳入中国文化的精髓,即中国人常说的“天人合一”,意即人
与自然的和谐。目前正在召开的中共第 17 次全国代表大会,继续推进建设具有中
国特色社会主义的势头。现任领导层形成共识的科学发展观,与具有中国特色的社
会主义浑然一体。这种具有普世价值的发展观在中国成功之后,能成为其他发展中
国家的示范吗?能。它成为世界当代和未来持续发展的替代办法无疑是适当的。
笔者作为科学家,早在本概念构建的 2004 年就对此产生浓厚的兴趣,深信科
学发展观有其必要性和必然性。综观过去的 30 年,无论规模或速度,中国的发展
都是惊人的,史无前例的。迄今为止,中国经济的跨越性发展已使其成为全球第四
大经济体并快速赶超德国,跃居第三。唾弃西方国家 19 和 20 世纪对发展中国家残
酷殖民剥削而取得“成功”的臭名昭著的公式,短期内消除了近三亿人口(相当于
美国总人口)的赤贫。有什么比这更值得世人称道!
一个接近世界人口四分之一的大国何以能打破发展瓶颈,达到预期规模。中国
能寄望于西方现成的解决办法吗?也许能,但归根结蒂,中国必须从自身文化遗产
中找办法。2006 年 10 月 8 日,中共 16 大六中全会就向全世界庄严宣布:“到 2020
年,构建社会主义和谐社会的目标和主要任务是:社会主义民主法制更加完善,依
法治国基本方略得到全面落实,人民的权益得到切实尊重和保障;城乡、区域发展
差距扩大的趋势逐步扭转,合理有序的收入分配格局基本形成,家庭财产普遍增加,
人民过上更加富足的生活;社会就业比较充分,覆盖城乡居民的社会保障体系基本
建立;基本公共服务体系更加完备,政府管理和服务水平有较大提高;全民族的思
想道德素质、科学文化素质和健康素质明显提高,良好道德风尚、和谐人际关系进
一步形成;全社会创造活力显著增强,创新型国家基本建成;社会管理体系更加完
善,社会秩序良好;资源利用效率显著提高,生态环境明显好转……。”
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和谐是普世共同价值,实质是中华传统文化。这是科学发展导致和谐社会的自
然规律。中共 17 大再次清楚地表明了和谐精神。爱因斯坦说过:“大自然不是没有
秩序,而是从不平衡到有序”。大自然的秩序是动态的平衡,这就是和谐。其本质
是中国古代的智慧和哲理。和谐是中国对世界文化的贡献。和谐谴责暴力。它包含
了人类宽容,接纳,尊重,平等,宽恕和谦卑的美德。和谐复兴,中国找到自己的
根。任何国家,根之不存,则难以自立。
中国 5000 多年历史延绵不断,期间可能有过内乱,但和谐维持了连续性。中
国人心里充满和谐,心态平和,有责任感。这就是为什么中国没有感受到需要自己
创造一个宗教,却接受了全球所有其他主要宗教并将其本土化。在悠久的历史长河
中,从未发生过重大宗教战争。中国科学发展达至社会和谐的宏伟目标,世界会跟
进吗?也许中国自己开发的和谐所建立的社会主义社会适应世界,产生共振。和谐
通过共振宣导,共同发展;共振是大自然和谐的首选方式。
中共第 17 次代表大会能否带领中国迈向和谐社会,全球都在期待。可以肯定
的是,和谐的种子定将引领世界的和谐复兴。这是人类一直期待的超越欧洲文艺复
兴时代的创新能量。和谐是人类的共同价值,复兴赋予它活力。
让和谐成为世界潮流!

世界和谐组织总干事冯忠华博士
发自美国旧金山
翻译:林光前

和谐序言
作为社会科学理论,东方和谐源于老子对自然科学的观察。
人类与自然和谐,为天人合一。
爱因斯坦说过,自然有其规律,而非偶然。
和谐是自然的规律。
和谐属于世界,属于自然。

从科学发展观的演变看中国的宏伟战略
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作者:世界和谐组织总干事 冯忠华博士 (Francis C.W. Fung. PhD)

受西方科学与文明的影响,二百多年来,中国一直在寻找一个有自己特色而不
背离传统的发展方向。这一探索始于中国饱受殖民统治屈辱的清朝末年,继而持续
发展,历经外国侵略、奴役和国内动乱,直到二十世纪才告结束。期间多灾多难的
历史不堪回首,却被文学作品翔实地记录下来。中华民族付出了极其昂贵的代价,
才学到今天的惨痛教训,认识到必须象所有伟大的民族复苏一样,前赴后继,才有
希望。人类文明是一个不可分割的整体,中国五千年文化和传统一旦消失,将是无
法承受的遗憾。
由已故邓小平先生启动的改革开放政策,史无前例地让中国这么大的国家,以
持续快速的经济发展迈入 21 世纪,给世人留下深刻的印象。此事发生在冷战时代
结束后相对和平与稳定的 30 年。回顾冷战时代,中国人民对整个国家无端被封锁
十分反感,心情可以理解。任何国家,只有与外界的平等交往和互动,才能进步。
军事强权以炮舰政策牵制他国的发展,是不人道的。
看得出来,经济取得成功后,中国寻求的是可持续发展。过去五年中,中国展
开一场主题为持续发展之路和社会主义现代化建设的大辩论。中国中央政府从辩论
中推出两项可以打开可持续创新思维闸门的开创性概念。于 2004 年提出了科学发
展观,并于 2006 年做出了“建设一个社会主义和谐社会”的决定。中国能以这个方
法发展吗?还有哪些因素会在中国出现呢?中国必须学会的其他必要条件是什么呢?
难道这就是我们常常听到的具有中国特色的社会主义的方向?中国是否已找到其独
特的发展方向?不论发达国家还是发展中国家,找出上述答案都非常重要。它影响
占全球几乎四分之一人口的命运,同时影响其他发展中国家的发展。能否因此形成
一个所谓北京共识呢?更重要的是,中国能最终成为和谐共主吗?
中国古文化的本质是老子教导的 “道 ”。追求和谐与谦卑,已经成为一个信仰
体系,由孔子和其他圣贤世代相传下来。简言之,中国文化所奉的道,给了和谐很
强的亲和力。这种亲和力反映并突显在中国人生活中的礼仪方式,景观欣赏,建筑
设计,风水习俗、道德准则和价值观念。道是信仰的最高准则,是宇宙的起源。它
是大自然的秩序,是科学精神和人文精神的统一。道是中华文化的灵魂和根基。作
为一种文化,永远不能否认自己的传承。任何文化,根基一失,等于丧失灵魂。

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修道的最终目标是达到心如止水,天人合一。追求的境界包括自然和谐,家庭
和睦,乃至不同社会、不同国家和睦相处。和谐之路遥远,只有由道带领我们沿着
信任,正义,公平,宽恕,宽容和谦卑之路走,才能到达广袤的和谐境界。人类发
展至今产生了弱肉强食为主导的“生存侵略”,最恶劣的例子是以武力征服,殖民
主义,暴力迫使他人接受自己的发展模式。中国是个非常和平的传统农业国,不同
于以游牧为主的社会,历史上从未征服外国。由于过去二百年饱受帝国主义国家的
统治和欺凌,今天中国人民仍对“生存侵略”其它弱小国家的恶行记忆犹新,深恶
痛绝。这也是为什么今天中国会大力倡导和谐社会及世界和谐复兴的原因(见笔者
【中国和谐复兴:世界须知】一文)。
今天,与自然和睦相处的潮流方兴未艾。自然和谐是世人的共识,也必将导致
各国对和谐的认同。共同发展,双赢发展,定将逐步取代过去盲目的零和心态。世
界的和谐复兴会释放出人类从被奴役下的破坏性生存对抗,到人类共同发展的建设
性集体创新能量。人类历史上经历过两个主要发展阶段。大约二千年前,全球蔓延
着自然的哲学思想即“爱”和“序”。500 年多前的启蒙时期和欧洲文艺复兴,带来今
天的民主与现代科学。和谐复兴是第三个发展阶段,将产生一个公平的竞争环境,
所有国家都能共享人类创新的成果。集体创新的成就,将远远超过欧洲文艺复兴时
代(见笔者【世界和谐复兴

承诺一个更美好的世界】一文) 。

相较过去 30 年改革开放所实现的经济成就,中国今天面临的困境是发展的不
平衡,新旧制度改变所造成的速度过快需要调整。长达五千多年的历史记录中,新
中国的 58 年经历了前所未有的动荡。众所周知的事实是,这种动荡造成史无前例
的快速转变,已经发生在今天的中国。人类历史上,尚无任何大国有过类似经验。
受西方文化的压制,中国有时候似乎失去方向。
作为哲学,道与和谐具有普世价值,但中国的哲学不会成为发展的宏伟战略。
其它国家也不需畏惧中国将所谓的北京共识出口到发展中国家。未来的世界正迅速
成为一个多边的社会。正如我们亲眼目睹向宗教优越感索赔的企图带来文化冲突而
导致世界冲突一样,美国在伊拉克执行其自家出口的民主制度的灾难性后果,世人
一样同声谴责。宗教、民主、道与和谐等哲学,是教导我们心境平和地达到共同价
值观必不可少的理论。他们是每个人为其文化遗产而努力的信仰。另方面,任何国
家发展的宏伟战略,只能发自内部,而不能在外力胁迫下制定。在这个多边的世界,
没有国家愿意接受别人的说教。

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今天中国的宏伟发展战略,必须是 2007 年 10 月 21 日刚结束的中共 17 届全国
代表大会上达成共识,得出结论,明智宣布的有中国特色的社会主义。据头条新闻,
中国的宏伟战略目标,将演变成运用科学发展观,建立一个相对繁荣的公正和谐的
社会。以和谐为目标的宏伟战略,结果会是一个切实可行的综合性主体计划工程系
统,包括以下关键分析。下列提纲各部分尚未按其重要性固定顺序,发展过程必然
会根据复杂且动态的社会而演变。大道的和谐精神,发现新知,必须保留旧识的完
整。这就是笔者提出的结论以下:
1. 任何国家的发展,必须不断演变并和世界的发展相衔接。一旦外力强行介
入,从此不得安宁。
2. 中国宏伟战略自 2004 年起演变成科学发展观。用中国共产党的话说,是有
中国特色的社会主义制度。
3. 中国目前的发展应包括经济、政治、科学和社会等因素。
4. 继续维持目前改革开放的势头,为可持续经济发展做小幅调整。
5. 扩大科学发展观,将其纳入系统工程的导线。
6. 宜逐步推行并更多参与政治改革,以配合现代发展。
7. 颁布法律支持经济和政治改革,任何开发都必须与自然和谐,以保持绿色
世界的生态平衡。
8. 社会主义初级阶段首先必须打下强大的经济基础。中国目前尚处在社会主
义发展的初期阶段。
9. 马克思主义必须进化,与世界发展衔接。
10. 中国将永远反对霸权主义。促进多边合作,发展双赢。
11. 倡导以道及和谐复兴为国家的振兴理论。
12. 倡导和谐外交,使之成为治理世界的金科玉律。
13. 有中国特色的社会主义就是和谐社会主义。
14. 建立一个与传统价值观、现代人权与社会主义发展之间和谐的和谐社会。
15. 保持国家与不同形式的私有和市场经济之间的和谐。
16. 通过保护生态及人与自然共处的共识,促进世界和谐。即中国的说法“天
人合一”。
17. 英文缺乏传统说法,恰当的描述或可称“共同建设一个绿色世界”。
翻译:世界和谐组织理事 林光前

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【和谐宣言】
和谐是人类最高的共同价值,复兴是行动。人
类彼此和睦共处。
和谐是自然科学的规律,是宇宙的基本定律。
和谐是动态能量的平衡,是创造自然的法则。
混沌于始,广袤无边的无形能量创造了宇宙。
这种创造宇宙的无形能量,为道。
老子曰: “ 道生一、一生二、二生三、三生万
物。万物负阴而抱阳,冲气以为和。”
老子的自然和谐理论与现代的量子力学异曲同
工。
和谐复兴是自然科学和社会科学的指导纲领。
必将突破现状,使人类的创造力提高到一个新的
水平,超越欧洲文艺复兴的成就。
WORLD HARMONY ORGANIZATION

6

CHINA'S GRAND STRATEGY EVOLVING WITH CONCEPT
OF SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENTT
CHINA’S GRAND STRATEGY EVOLVING WITH CONCEPT OF SCEINTIFIC
DEVELOPMENT
By Francis C. W. Fung, PH.D.
www.worldharmonyorg.net
Under the impact of Western science and civilization, China for more
than two hundred years was searching for a development direction of
her own, which would not entail giving up her tradition and identity.
The period of search began at the end of Qing dynasty, when China
suffered humiliations one after the other under the reigning colonial
powers of the time. This continuing process of development struggle
lasted through foreign domination, invasions and domestic upheavals
until the end of the twentieth century. China’s history of trial and
tribulations during this time period is well documented in literature.
From it, the Chinese nation collectively paid dearly and learned the
hard lessons necessary to move forward like all great national revivals
of the past. Human civilization as a whole cannot afford to neglect the
over 5000 years of valuable Chinese culture and tradition. That will be
most regrettable.
China is moving into the 21st Century with impressive economic
development unprecedented in human history for such a large nation
which began with the reform and open up policy initiated by the late
Deng Xiaoping. It occurred during the last 30 years of relative peace
and stability after the end of the cold war era. It is understandable
that the nation of China as a whole looked back at the involuntary
isolation of the cold war era with a great deal of misgiving. For all
nations to progress with the world it must be given the level field to
interact with the outside. For great powers to exercise its naval power
to contain other nation’s development is inhumane.
Having achieved relative economic successes, China is now looking to
sustainable development. Great debates are occurring in China
especially during the last five years on its continuing path of
development and modernization. From the debates, the Chinese
Central government has launched two ground breaking concepts that
can open the flood gate of innovative sustainable thinking. The 2004
Concept of Scientific development led eventually to the 2006
“Decisions for the building of a harmony society”. Can China develop
according to this approach? What other factors must occur in China?
What are the other necessary conditions for China to stay the course?
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Is this the direction for socialism building with Chinese characteristics
of which we so often hear? Has China finally found its unique direction
of development? It is important for both the developed and the
developing countries to find out. It will affect the destiny of almost one
quarter of world’s population and perhaps other developing countries’
development. Will this lead to the so called Beijing Consensus? More
important, will it finally take hold in China and last?
The essence of ancient Chinese culture is reverence of the “Great Way”
(Dao) as taught by Lao-tzu, and pursuit of Harmony with humility as a
belief system handed down by Confucius and her other sages. Simply
put, Chinese culture reveres the Great Way and has strong affinity for
harmony. This affinity is reflected with prominence in the Chinese
ceremonial way of life, landscaping, building design, Fengshui practices
and moral codes and values. Dao is the highest order of belief and is
the origin of the universe. It is nature’s order and is the unification of
the scientific spirit and human spirit. It is the soul and roots of Chinese
culture. A culture can never deny its own heritage. A culture which
looses its own roots is devoid of its own soul.
The ultimate goal of practicing Dao is to reach inner peace and live in
harmony with the universe (Tien Ren He Yi). This includes harmony
with nature, harmony within the family, the society, the country and
harmony among nations. To reach broad harmony, Dao must lead us
to harmony through trust, justice, equity, forgiveness, tolerance and
humility. Human development so far has been dominated by “Survival
Aggression” with the strong overwhelming the weak, the worst
examples were military conquests, colonialism and forcing one’s
development model on others by force. China as a traditional
agriculture, as opposed to a predominantly nomadic society, has been
an exceptionally peaceful major nation that did not have a history of
foreign conquest. Because of the last two hundred years of domination
and humiliation by foreign imperialistic nations China today has a
strong distaste to the practice of “Survival Aggression”. That is why
China today is advocating harmony society and world harmony
through harmony renaissance (see “China’s Harmony RenaissanceWhat the World Must Know” by the author).
Today the inevitable tide of harmony with nature is also beginning to
catch on. The world consensus of harmony with nature will lead to the
recognition of the need for harmony among nations also. Mutual
development, win-win development will gradually replace the past
blind zero sum mentality of world development. World harmony
renaissance will release humans from the bondage of destructive8

survival confrontations. It will release our collective creative energy for
constructive mutual development. Human history has gone through
two major phases of development. Approximately two thousand years
ago, the world saw a burst of philosophical ideas spreading through
the world for universal love and order. Five hundred years or so ago,
the age of enlightenment and European Renaissance gave us
democracy and today’s modern science. Harmony Renaissance is the
third phase of development that will yield a level playing field for all
nations to enjoy the fruits of common human innovation. Our collective
accomplishments will far surpass the achievements of European
Renaissance (see “World harmony Renaissance- Promise for a Better
World” by the author).
Having achieved relative economic success during the last 30 years of
reform and opening up the new China of today is faced with the
dilemmas of uneven development, reconciliation of the old and new
caused by breakneck speed of change. The new China of 58 years is
going through unprecedented upheavals relative to its entire recorded
history of over 5000 years. As a matter of fact the tumult caused by
unprecedented rapid change experienced by China today, also has no
parallel in human history of any major nation. At times, China
overwhelmed by the impact of Western culture, appeared to be lost.
As meritorious as the philosophies of DAO and harmony as universal
common values, they will not become the grand strategy of
development for China. There also needs to be no fear for the so called
“Beijing Consensus” that will be exported to the developing world. The
future world is fast becoming a multilateral world. Just as we witness
how the world conflicts brought on by attempts to claim religious
superiority led to cultural clashes, the disastrous aftermath of
America’s enforcing of its own democratic system on Iraq is for all to
see. Religion, democracy, Dao and harmony philosophies are essential
to teach us common values for our hearts to reach peace within
ourselves. They are beliefs for each person to strive for according to
his cultural heritage. On the other hand the grand strategy of
development for any nation must develop from within and not to be
forced from the outside. In a multilateral world no nation wishes to be
preached at either.
So for China, its grand strategy for development must be “socialism
with Chinese characteristics” as wisely announced by the consensus
conclusion reached by the 17 CPC National Congress that just ended
October 21st, 2007. According to the headlines, China’s grand strategy
will evolve from the concept of scientific development with the
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objective of building a relatively prosperous, just, and harmonious
society for all. And the grand strategy incorporating the objective of
harmony will be the result of a comprehensive master plan of
executable engineering system analysis, comprising the following
critical pieces. The order of importance of each element in the
following outline is not fixed, but will sure be subject to the dynamic
evolvement of a complex and fluid society in its development. But the
harmony spirit of the great Dao of discovering the new and old must
remain intact as put forth by the author in the following summary:
ALL NATIONAL DEVELOPMENTS MUST BE CONTINUALLY EVOLVING
AND IN TOUCH WITH WORLD DEVELOPMENT. ONCE DISTURBED
FORCIBLY BY OUTSIDE FORCE INSTABILITY WILL SET IN.
CHINESE GRAND STRATEGY IS EVOLVING FROM THE 2004 CONCEPT
OF SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT. IT IS, ACCORDING TO THE CPC, A
SYSTEM OF CHINESE SOCIALISM WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS
CHINESE CURRENT DEVELOPMENT SHALL CONSISTS OF ECONOMIC,
POLITICAL, SCIENTIFIC AND SOCIETAL ELEMENTS
CONTINUE THE CURRENT MOMENTUM OF REFORM AND OPENING UP,
FINE TUNE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE
DEVELOPMENT
EXPAND CONCEPT OF SCIENTIFIC DEVELOPMENT INTO SYSTEM
ENGINEERING GUIDE LINES
GRADUALLY INTRODUCE POLITICAL REFORM TO INTRODUCE MORE
PARTICIPATION TO SUIT MODERN DEVELOPMENT
PROMULGATE LAWS TO SUPPORT ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL
REFORMS. DEVELOPMENT MUST BE IN HARMONY WITH NATURE
SOCIALISM IN THE INITIAL STAGE MUST BUILD A STRONG ECONOMIC
FOUNDATION. CHINA IS STILL AT THE EARLY STAGE OF SOCIALIST
DEVELOPMENT
MARXISM MUST BE EVOLUTIONARY AND IN TOUCH WITH WORLD
DEVELOPMENT
CHINA WILL BE FOREVER AGAINST HEGEMONY AND WILL PROMOTE
MUTUAL AND WIN-WIN DEVELOPMENT

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ADVOCATE DAO AND HARMONY RENAISSANCE AS NATIONAL REVIVAL
ADVOCATE HARMONY DIPLOMACY AS THE GOLDEN RULE OF WORLD
GOVERNANCE
SOCIALISM WITH CHINESE CHARACTERISTICS IS SOCIALISM WITH
HARMONY
BUILD HARMONY SOCIETY WITH HARMONY BETWEEN TRADITIONAL
VALUE, MODERN HUMAN RIGHTS AND SOCIALISTIC DEVELOPMENT
MAINTAIN HARMONY BETWEEN STATE AND DIFFERENT FORMS OF
PRIVATE AND MARKET ECONOMY
PROMOTE WORLD HARMONY THROUGH ECOLOGY CONSENSUS AND
UNITY OF MAN WITH NATURE. IN CHINA THE SAYING IS TIEN REN HE
YI.
IN ENGLISH, LACKING A TRADITIONAL TERM PERHAPS THE APT
DESCRIPTION IS COLLECTIVELY BUILDING A GREEN WORLD.
Francis C. W. Fung, PH.D.
Director General
World Harmony Organization
Posted by francis fung at 5:25 PM
Labels: CHINA'S GRAND STRATEGY IN ENGLISH

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