The Titan Greek Gods

G aea

Ur an us

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Oce anu s Teth ys (th e sea ) (fert ile ocea n)

Cr iu s Mn em osyn e Co eu s P ho eb e Hyp er io n The ia (un kn ow n) mo ry) (w isdo m) (g olde n (Su n high (god de ss) (me w r eath ed )o ne ) Eu ryb ia Le to (Pr im al sea (h idd en / Go dd ess) b righ t o ne) Pe rse He lios (ocea nid) (sun ) Selen e Eo s Ast rae us (mo on ) (da wn )(d usk)

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Styx Pa llas Pe rse s Ast er ia (ha te) (u nkn ow n(de str uct io(o racles) ) n)

P ha eth usa pet iaPh ae ton Lam (r ad ian ce)(shining ) (shining )

Zelus Nike Cratu s Bia ( ze al) (vict or y) (stre ngt h) rce) (fo

Heka te (cro ssro ad s)

C hl o ri s (fl ow e rs)

Titan Greek God Descriptions

Gaea + Uranus – Original pre titan Greek Deities. See pre titan Greek gods. Cronus (male) – father of the modern Olympians. As he fought against his father, so would Zeus fight against him. It was fated that he would be overthrown by one of his own children. To prevent this from happening he began to swallow his newborn, taking them at birth then swallowing them whole, retaining them inside his own body where they could do him no harm. Rhea did not like the thoughts of losing all her children, and with the help of Gaia she saved Zeus from this fate. Rhea wrapped a stone in Zeus' swaddling clothes which Cronus took and immediately swallowed thinking it was the child. Gaia and Rhea's plan worked well and the baby Zeus was taken to Crete, and there, in a cave on Mount Dicte, the divine goat Amaltheia suckled and raised the infant Zeus. When Zeus had grown into a young man he returned to his father’s domain, and with the help of Gaia, compelled Cronus to regurgitate the five children he had previously swallowed. (In some versions Zeus received help from Metis who gave Cronus an emetic potion, which made him vomit up Zeus' brothers and sisters). Zeus led the revolt against his father and the dynasty of the Titans, defeated and then banished them. Rhea (female) – mother to the modern Olympian gods. Rhea is identified with mother goddess Cybele from Asia Minor and is also known as Rhea Cybele and Magna Mater ("great mother"). She was worshipped with orgiastic rites. Rhea is depicted between two lions or on a chariot pulled by lions. Iapetus (male) - Iapetus is the son Uranus and Gaia. Iapetus' wife is themis, with whom he has four children - Atlas, Menoetius, Prometheus and Epimetheus. He is occasionally called the husband of Asia or Asopis. Themis (female) – Themis means “law of nature” and she is the personification of divine right order of things as sanctioned by custom and law. She has oracular powers and it is said that she build the oracle at Delphi. By Zeus she is the mother of the Horae and the Moirae. Themis is depicted as a stern looking woman, blindfolded and holding a pair of scales and a cornucopia. The Romans called her Justitia. Oceanus (male) – the watered down version of the primal Oceanus, still a sea god. Tethys (female) – The personification of the fertile ocean. She married her brother Oceanus and had over 3000 children by him; they were the springs, lakes, rivers of the world. Tethys was the god-mother of Rhea and raised her during the civil war between the Titans and the Olympians.

Amongst her children were the following: • Achelous (male) - Achelous is the deity of the river of that name, and ruler of all rivers. He is the eldest son of Oceanus and Tethys. He fought with Heracles for Deianira, a Greek princess. Despite assuming many forms, among which that of a bull, Achelous was eventually vanquished. Heracles broke off one of his horns and nymphs fashioned it into the Cornucopia ("horn of plenty"). Achelous is usually depicted as a bull with the torso of a man and a bearded face (common for river gods, especially on coins), but also as an old, grey man with horns. (Ovid VIII, 547; IX, 1). Alpheus (male) - In Greek myth, Alpheus is a river deity, son of Oceanus and Tethys. He fell madly in love with the Nereid Arethusa and pursued her under the sea to Sicily. Here she pleaded to Artemis who changed her into a fountain. The river Alpheus then worked its way underground to mingle with the waters of Arethusa. Amphitrite (female) – The queen of the sea, the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. When the sea god Poseidon wanted her as his bride, she declined the honour and hid from him in the Atlantic Ocean. A dolphin not only located her, but also brought her back to him, and he married her. The dolphin was awarded a place in heaven. Their son is the fish-man Triton. Amphitrite was portrayed on Greek amphoras together with her consort, riding in a chariot pulled by sea creatures, or sitting on a sea creature, surrounded by Tritons. She is decorated with the attributes of a queen, her waving hair covered with a net, and sometimes with the pincers of a lobster attached to her temples. Asia (female) - A Greek sea-nymph and the daughter of Oceanus and Tethys. The continent of Asia was named after her. Asia was either married to Iapetus or Prometheus. There is some disagreement between the accounts. Asopus (male) –The Greek god of the river of that name, which flows through Boeotia, Central Greece. Cayster (male) – (male)The god of the river by the same name in Lydia. His son is Ephesus (Periegesis Hellados VII, 2.8). Cephissus (male) - a Greek river god, father of Narcissus by the nymph, Liriope. Other children are ascribed to him, but in those cases parentage is disputed.

Acheron (male) - The name of one of the five rivers (occasionally also regarded as a lake) that flow through the realm of Hades. The name means "river of woe", and is often metaphorically used for Hades itself. Cocytus (male) - One of the five rivers of Hades, which flows into the Acheron. The name means "river of lamentation." The unburied were doomed to wander about its banks for hundred years. Crinisus (male) - One of the many Greek river gods. Inachus (male) - The personified deity of the river of that name in Greece. He is the father of Io. He made the land of Argolis inhabitable after the great flood of Deucalion and founded the city of Argos. Hermus (male) - The god of the River Hermus in Lydia. Pactolus (male) - The god of the same river in Lydia. The river is famous for its golden sands, said to have been originated when Midas bathed in its waters. Peneus (male) - The god of a river in Thessaly, He is the father of Daphne, the nymph who was pursued by Apollo. Philyra (female) - Some believe that she was the wife of Nauplius, with whom she had many children. She was the mother of the wise centaur Chiron. She was the goddess of beauty, perfume, healing, and writing. Philyra was also the inventor of paper. Scamander (male) - The god of the river with the same name, near Troy. He was the father of Teucer and participated in the Trojan War Spercheus (male) - The river deity of the river in Thessaly with the same name.

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• •

Crius (male) – Crius was one of the Greek Titans. The Titans were the principal gods of early Greek mythology. Crius and his siblings were the children of Uranus (Sky) and Gaia (Earth). Mnemosyne (female) – The Titan goddess of memory and the inventor of words, daughter of Uranus and Gaea. She is one of the three elder Muses. By Zeus she became the mother of the nine younger Muses. Coeus (male) - Coeus was the father of Leto, husband of Phoebe and the grandfather of Apollo, Artemis and Asteria. Coeus was the titan of wisdom.

Phoebe (female) - The daughter of Uranus and Gaia. She married her brother Coeus and with him she became the mother of Leto and Asteria. It is said that she owned the oracle of Delphi before Apollo took it over. Phoebe has traditionally been associated with the moon and is seen as a forerunner of selene. Hyperion (male)- Hyperion is the titan of light and the greatest warrior under Cronus' command. His name translates as sun high one so obviously a solar diety. Theia (female) - Theia literally means goddess. Her husband and brother is Hyperion with whom she had three children - Helios (the sun), Eos (the dawn) and Selene (the moon). She seems to be a goddess of glittering and shining things. Helios (male) - Helios is the young Greek god of the sun. Helios drove the chariot of the sun and was imagined as having a wreath of sun beams around his head. His attributes are the whip and the globe, and his sacred animals were the cock and the eagle. Helios sees and knows all, and was called upon by witnesses. Selene (female) - Selene, the moon goddess, is known for her countless love affairs. The most famous of her loves is the shepard Endymion, however, she did not have as many as her sister, Eos, the dawn. She resembles a young woman with an extremely white face who travels on a silver chariot drawn by two horses. She is often shown riding a horse or a bull. Selene is said to wear robes, carry a torch, and wear a half moon on her head. She was not one of the twelve great gods on Olympus, however she is the moon goddess. After her brother Helios completes his journey across the sky, she begins hers. Before Selene's journey across the night sky she bathes in the sea. The seduction of Endymion is the love affair that brings Selene the most fame. She fell in love with the shepard, Endymion, and seduced him while he lie sleeping in a cave. Some sources say Endymion was a king or a hunter, rather than a shepherd. Her seduction of Endymion resulted in the birth of fifty daughters, one of which was Naxos. Since Selene was so deeply in love with Endymion she asked Zeus to allow him to decide his own fate. Zeus granted Selene's request, and Endymion chose never to grow old and to sleep eternally. However, Endymion's eternal sleep did not prevent him from Selene giving birth to his daughters. Endymion was visited by Selene every night and kissed by her rays of light. Eos (female) – Eos is the goddess of the dawn, who rises each morning from her home on the ocean. She is responsible for the birth of many demi-gods, heroes and other powers of the greek pantheon.

Her legend consists almost entirely of her intrigues. She first slept with Ares; this earned her the wrath of Aphrodite who punished her by changing her into a nymphomaniac. Her lovers were Orion, Cephalus and Tithonus. Astraeus (male) – Astraeus is the titan god of dusk. Along with his wife Eos, he fathers many things that happen around dusk, i.e. the two stars and the four winds. Perse (female) – the wife of helios, she gives birth to some of greek mythology’s characters. She is also one of the 4000+ oceanids. Leto (female) - Known as the hidden one and bright one, her name came to be used for the moon Selene. She is most famously known for having an affair with Zeus and bearing the twins Artemis and Apollo. She is connected with the island of demos as this is where she gave birth to at least one of the twins. There are conflicting reports as to where she gave birth to the first twin, Artemis, but Apollo seems to have been born here. Aeetes (male) -in Greek mythology, Aeëtes was a son of the king-god Helios and the nymph Perse(a daughter of Oceanus), brother of Circe and Pasiphae, and father of Medea, Chalciope and Apsyrtus. Aegea (female) - She was sister to Circe and Pasiphae, and daughter of the sun. When the Titans attacked the gods of Olympus, Gaia placed Aega in a cave to hide her shining loveliness. Circe (female) – a minor goddess of magic, mostly known for turning her enemies into pigs and lately being adopted by the neo pagans. Pasiphae (female) – known as the “wide shining”. Also she was a mistress of herbs and worshipped as an oracular goddess in certain parts of Greece. Atlas (male) - He is the father of the Hesperides, the Hyades and the Pleiades. In the revolt of the Titans against the gods of the Olympic, Atlas stormed the heavens and Zeus punished him for this deed by condemning him to forever bear the heavens upon his shoulders. Hesperides (female) – thought to be three nymphs who tend Hera’s garden where the golden apples that grant immortality grow. Fathered by Atlas, but unknown who to. Hyades (female) – the rainy ones, a group or sisterhood of nymphs that bring rain. Fathered by Atlas but unknown who to. Pleione (female) – one of the oceanid’s and a onetime mate of Atlas.

Pleiades (female) - The Pleiades are the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione. They were the virgin companions of Artemis. When Orion, a beautiful hunter, pursued them and their mother, they prayed to the gods for rescue. The gods answered they prayer and they were changed into doves, and later into stars. Zeus placed them in the sky where they formed a part of the constellation of Taurus. The Pleiads are Alcyone, Electra, Celaeno, Maia, Sterope, Merope and Taygete. Menoetius (male) – the name of this titan means “ruined strength”. The only interesting thing about him was that during the titan war he got hit by a thunderbolt and thrown into tartarus with the rest of the titans. Prometheus (male) – this titans name means “forethought” and is most famously known for stealing fire from the gods for humanity and being bound to a rock by chains and having an eagle eat his liver each day. Another legend see’s him trick Zeus into eating bones instead of meat during a meal. Epimetheus (male) - ("afterthought") He foolishly ignored his brother Prometheus' warnings to beware of any gifts from Zeus. He accepted Pandora as his wife, thereby bringing ills and sorrows to the world. Pandora (female) – she was the first woman on earth, made by Hepheastus, in retaliation for Prometheus giving fire to the world. She is famous for releasing all of the worlds ills upon the earth by opening the box that contained them all, although this was done out of curiosity rather than malice. Her name means “giver of all”. Pallas (male) – Pallas is the father of Zelus, Nike, Cratos and Bia by Styx. Zelus (male) - Zelus ("zeal") is the personification of zeal or emulation. He is the son of Styx and the Titan Pallas, brother of Nike, Cratos and Bia. Zelus is the constant companion of Zeus. Nike (female) - Nike is the Greek personification of victory. She can run and fly at great speed. She is a constant companion of Athena. She was represented as a woman with wings, dressed in a billowing robe with a wreath or staff. Cratos (male) - Cratos "strength" is the personification of strength and power. Like his other siblings, he is a constant companion of Zeus. Bia (female) -"force" is the personification of power and force, daughter of Pallas and Styx. Bia was made to bind Prometheus as punishment from stealing fire from the gods. Perses (male) - “destruction”, only noted for having one child, hekate.

Asteria (female) – the Titan goddess of oracles, prophetic dreams, astrology and necromancy, she threw herself into the sea to escape Zeus’s charms. Hecate (female) - Hecate is the Greek goddess of the crossroads. She is also known for being the goddess of magic, witches and ghosts. She is most often depicted as having three heads; one of a dog, one of a snake and one of a horse. She is usually seen with two ghost hounds that were said to serve her. Hecate is most often misrepresented as the goddess of witchcraft or evil, but she did some very good things in her time. One such deed was when she rescued Persephone, (Demeter's daughter, the queen of the Underworld and the maiden of spring), from the Underworld. Hecate is said to haunt a three-way crossroad, each of her heads facing in a certain direction. She is said to appear when the ebony moon shines. Phaethusa (female) – literally “radiance”, this is a goddess of the sun. Lampetia (female) –“shining" was the personification of light. Pheaton (male) – “shining” is most famous for badgering his dad, Helios, into letting him drive the sun chariot. This he did and he lost control, forcing Zeus to kill him before he drove the sun into the earth scorching it forever. Boreas (male) – the north wind, who lived in Thrace. He is depicted as being winged, extremely strong, bearded and normally clad in a short pleated tunic. Eurus (male) - The god of the east wind. Eurus was the wind who brought warmth and rain from the east. Zephyrus (male) - Zephyrus is the Greek god of the west wind, believed to live in a cave on Thrace. He abducted the goddess Chloris and gave her dominion over flowers. Notus (male) - The god of the South Wind, which is a very warm and moist wind. Chloris (female) - The Greek goddess of flowers, and the personification of spring. She is the spouse of Zephyrus. Hesperos (male) – the evening star of the night sky. Eosphoros (male) – the dawn star of the night sky

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